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Encyclopedia > Akhmad Kadyrov
Akhmad Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov
Ахмат Кадыров


In office
June 20, 2000 – May 9, 2004
Succeeded by Alu Alkhanov

Born August 23, 1951
Karaganda, Kazakh SSR, USSR
Died May 9, 2004
Grozny, Chechen Republic, Russia
Nationality Chechen

Akhmad Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov (Chechen: Ахмат Абдулхамидович Кадыров) (August 23, 1951May 9, 2004) was the Chief Mufti of Chechnya in the 1990s and later the President of the Chechen Republic from October 5 2003 (acting as head of administration from July 2000) to his death. In 2004 he was assassinated in Grozny by a bomb blast during a World War II memorial victory parade. From Russian Wikipedia. ... The President of the Chechen Republic, known commonly as the President of Chechnya, is the highest office within the Government of Chechnya. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Alu Dadashevich Alkhanov was the president of Russias Chechen Republic. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Statue of Nurken Abdirov in downtown Karaganda Karaganda (Russian: Караганда) or Qaraghandy (Kazak: Қарағанды) is the capital of Qaraghandy Province in Kazakhstan. ... State motto: Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses of Grozny, see Grozny (disambiguation). ... Capital Grozny Area - total - % water 79th - 15,500 km² - negligible Population - Total - Density 49th _ est. ... // Geography The Chechen people are mainly inhabitants of Chechnya, which is internationally recognized as part of Russia. ... The Chechen language has about 1,200,000 speakers, most of whom live in Russia. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Mufti (Arabic: مفتى ) is an Islamic scholar who is an interpreter or expounder of Islamic law (Sharia), capable of issuing fataawa (plural of fatwa). // Role of a Mufti in governments In theocracies like Saudi Arabia and Iran, and in some countries where the constitution is based on sharia law, such... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The President of the Chechen Republic, known commonly as the President of Chechnya, is the highest office within the Government of Chechnya. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... The body of Akhmad Kadyrov On May 9, 2004, an explosion ripped through VIP seating at a Dinamo soccer stadium during a mid-morning Soviet Victory Day parade in the capital Grozny, killing Akhmad Kadyrov, pro-Moscow President of the Chechen Republic. ... For other uses of Grozny, see Grozny (disambiguation). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Victory Parade on Red Square, Moscow on June 24, 1945. ...

Contents

Biography

Akhmad (or Akhmat) Abdulkhamidovich Kadyrov was born in Karaganda in the Kazakh SSR, to a Chechen family that had been expelled from Chechnya during the Stalinist repressions. In April 1957 his family returned to the Shali district of the Chechen-Ingush ASSR. He studied in Bukhara and at Tashkent Islamic University in Uzbekistan. In the early 1990s he returned to Chechnya and founded the Islam Institute in Kurchaloy. Statue of Nurken Abdirov in downtown Karaganda Karaganda (Russian: Караганда) or Qaraghandy (Kazak: Қарағанды) is the capital of Qaraghandy Province in Kazakhstan. ... State motto: Барлық елдердің пролетарлары, бірігіңдер! (Workers of the world, unite!) Official language None. ... The Great Purge (Russian: , transliterated Bolshaya chistka) refers collectively to several related campaigns of political repression and persecution in the Soviet Union orchestrated by Joseph Stalin during the 1930s, which removed all of his remaining opposition from power. ... Shali (Russian: ) is a town in the Chechen Republic, Russia. ... Ancient Christian caves of Vardzia Chechen society has traditionally been organized around many autonomous local clans, called teips. ... Bukhara (Tajik: Бухоро; Persian: , Buxârâ; Uzbek: ; Russian: ), from the Soghdian βuxārak (lucky place), is the fifth-largest city in Uzbekistan, and capital of the Bukhara Province (viloyat). ...


Following the Chechen declaration of independence, he became a supporter of separatist president Dzhokhar Dudayev. Kadyrov fought in the First Chechen War on the Chechen side as a militia commander. In 1995 he was appointed Chief Mufti of Chechen Republic of Ichkeria. In 1995, following the outbreak of violence between Moscow and Chechen separatists,[1] he declared that "Russians outnumber Chechens in many times, thus every Chechen should kill 150 Russians."[2] A declaration of independence is an assertion of the independence of an aspiring state or states. ... Dzhokhar Dudayev and his son (killed few days after the invasion of Chechnya) Dzhokhar Dudayev and his family Dzhokhar Musayevich Dudayev (Chechen: ; Cyrillic: Дудин Муса кант Жовхар, Russian: Джохар Мусаевич Дудаев) (February 1944 – April 21, 1996) was a Soviet Air Force general and a Chechen leader, the first President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria, an unrecognized... Combatants Russian Federation Chechen Republic of Ichkeria Commanders Pavel Grachev Anatoly Kulikov Konstantin Pulikovsky Anatoliy Romanov Vyacheslav Tikhomirov Gennady Troshev Dzhokhar Dudayev  â€  Aslan Maskhadov Strength (December 11, 1994) Up to 50,000 soldiers and Interior Ministry (MVD) (December 11, 1994) 3,000 to 15,000[1] Casualties Military: At least... Lebanese Kataeb militia The term Militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary [1] citizens to provide defense, emergency, law enforcement, or paramilitary service, and those engaged in such activity, without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service. ... Official language Chechen Capital Grozny (Dzhokharabad, after 1996) President Doku Umarov Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Russia  â€“ November 1, 1991  â€“ Georgian Republic National anthem Death or Freedom The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria IPA: (Нохчийн Республика Нохчийчоь) is the unrecognized secessionist government of Chechnya. ...


After the de facto independence of Ichkeria, Kadyrov soon fell out of favor of new Chechen president Aslan Maskhadov. Kadyrov, as Chief Mufti, was highly critical towards Wahhabism, which was condemned by Muslim Congress of Northern Caucasus, assembled in 1998 by his initiative. In 1999 Kadyrov refused to support the Shamil Basayev-led invasion of Dagestan. Kadyrov offered his support to Russian federal forces in Second Chechen War. Maskhadov immediately fired him from Chief Mufti chair, although this decree was never accepted by Kadyrov, who abdicated himself few month later due to his civilian chairman career. Official language Chechen Capital Grozny (Dzhokharabad, after 1996) President Doku Umarov Independence  â€“ Declared  â€“ Recognition From Russia  â€“ November 1, 1991  â€“ Georgian Republic National anthem Death or Freedom The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria IPA: (Нохчийн Республика Нохчийчоь) is the unrecognized secessionist government of Chechnya. ... Aslan Maskhadov Aslan Aliyevich Maskhadov (Russian: Аслан Алиевич Масхадов) (September 21, 1951 – March 8, 2005) was a leader of the separatist movement in the southern Russian republic of Chechnya. ... Wahhabism (Arabic: Al-WahhābÄ«yya الوهابية) or Wahabism is a conservative 18th century reform movement of Sunni Islam founded by Muhammad ibn Abd-al-Wahhab, after whom the movement is named. ... Shamil Basayev (Russian: ) (January 14, 1965 – July 10, 2006) was a militant Islamist and a leader of the Chechen separatist movement. ... Combatants Russian Federation Daghestani militia Chechen rebels Shura of Dagestan Commanders Viktor Kazantsev Shamil Basayev Ibn al-Khattab Strength 17,000 2000 Casualties At least 279 dead and 987 wounded 1000 killed, wounded or captured The War in Dagestan (in Russia called by the name Chechen invasion of Dagestan) began... Combatants Russian Federation Chechen loyalists Republic of Chechnya Chechen rebels Caucasian insurgents and foreign fighters Caucasian Islamists Commanders Vladimir Putin Nikolai Patrushev Akhmad Kadyrov† Ramzan Kadyrov Aslan Maskhadov† Abdul Halim Sadulayev† Doku Umarov Shamil Basayev† Ibn al-Khattab† Strength At least 93,000 in Chechnya in 1999. ...


After the Russian forces seized control over Chechnya, in July 2000, Kadyrov was appointed acting Head of the Administration. On October 5, 2003 he was elected first President of Chechnya. In this position he remained mainly pro-Moscow. He also advocated numerous amnesty campaigns for former rebel fighters, who were allowed to join Chechen police forces if they surrender. His chief personal bodyguard was Movladi Baisarov. There were at least a dozen assassination attempts against him before the final one. 2000 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December This is a timeline for events in July, 2000. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Chechnyas last de facto Presidental elections were held in 1997. ... Look up Amnesty in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bodyguards of Viktor Yushchenko (far left) after leaving Gdansk city hall. ... Movladi Baisarov was a Chechen warlord and former FSB special-task unit commander who was killed in Moscow on November 18, 2006. ... The body of Akhmad Kadyrov On May 9, 2004, an explosion ripped through VIP seating at a Dinamo soccer stadium during a mid-morning Soviet Victory Day parade in the capital Grozny, killing Akhmad Kadyrov, pro-Moscow President of the Chechen Republic. ...


Akhmad Kadyrov had four children, three sons and a daughter. Only one son is still alive, Ramzan Kadyrov, who led his father's militia. Ramzan was later appointed as Prime Minister of the Chechen Republic, and as President in March 2007. Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov (Russian: Рамзан Ахмадович Кадыров) (born 5 October 1976, Tsentoroi, Chechnya) is the President of Chechnya and a former Chechen rebel. ... Lebanese Kataeb militia The term Militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary [1] citizens to provide defense, emergency, law enforcement, or paramilitary service, and those engaged in such activity, without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service. ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... March 2007 is the third month of the year. ...


See also

The body of Akhmad Kadyrov On May 9, 2004, an explosion ripped through VIP seating at a Dinamo soccer stadium during a mid-morning Soviet Victory Day parade in the capital Grozny, killing Akhmad Kadyrov, pro-Moscow President of the Chechen Republic. ... // Russian President Vladimir Putin established direct rule of Chechnya in May 2000. ... Kadyrovites (Russian: ) also Kadyrovtsy and Kadyrovs Spetsnaz (Russian: ) is a term used by the population of Chechnya – as well as members of the groups themselves - for former members of the former so-called Presidential Security Service of the President of the Chechen Republic, headed by Ramzan Kadyrov, current President... Ramzan Akhmadovich Kadyrov (Russian: Рамзан Ахмадович Кадыров) (born 5 October 1976, Tsentoroi, Chechnya) is the President of Chechnya and a former Chechen rebel. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/english/doc/2004-05/10/content_329330.htm China Daily 10 May 2004
  2. ^ http://www.themoscowtimes.com/stories/2006/08/09/007.html Moscow Times, 8 September 2006

External links

  • Obituary
  • Obituary
Preceded by
Aslan Maskhadov (separatist)
President of the Chechen Republic
20032004
Succeeded by
Alu Alkhanov

  Results from FactBites:
 
Guardian Unlimited | The Guardian | Akhmad Kadyrov (772 words)
The Chechen president Akhmad Kadyrov, whose seven months in the perilous post as Moscow's chosen head of state ended yesterday with his death, aged 52, in a bomb blast, was reviled as a quisling by the Chechnya guerrilla commanders, and by his predecessor as president, Aslan Maskhadov.
Kadyrov, in turn, despised Maskhadov, and was jealous of his standing among the Chechens, although Kadyrov's brutish son, Ramzan, recently claimed to be putting out feelers aimed at reaching a settlement with Maskhadov, a move he said was sabotaged by Russian intelligence.
Kadyrov became one of the key figures in modern Chechnya by virtue of the tactics of President Vladimir Putin, who badly needed a loyal Chechen to do his bidding, while seeking to undercut Maskhadov's status and also enabling the Russian leader to distance himself from the Chechnya war when it became politically expedient.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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