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Encyclopedia > Akershus Fortress
Akershus festning
Oslo, Norway

Akershus Fortress
Built 1290s
Construction
materials
Stone
In use 1290s-today
Controlled by Norway

Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) is the old castle built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. County District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1251x642, 191 KB) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Pierrefonds Castle, France. ... County District Viken Municipality NO-0301 Administrative centre Oslo Mayor (2004) Per Ditlev-Simonsen (H) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 224 454 km² 426 km² 0. ...


The first work on the castle started around the late 1290s, by King Håkon V, replacing Tønsberg as one of the two most important Norwegian castles of the period (the other being Båhus). It was constructed in response to the Norwegian nobleman, Earl Alv Erlingsson of Sarpsborg’s earlier attack on Oslo. Norwegian Fortresses or fortifications have been constructed from some of the earliest recorded periods, down through the 20th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... Burial site of HÃ¥kon V in Oslo Haakon V Magnusson (1270 - May 8, 1319) was king of Norway from 1299 until 1319. ... Slottsfjellet Tønsberg Fortress is a fortress located in Tønsberg, Norway. ... BÃ¥hus Fortress (also Baahus or Bohus) lies along the old Norwegian - Swedish border in Kungälv, Sweden, north east from Hisingen where the Göta river splits into two branches (20 kilometers north of Gothenburg). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... County Østfold Landscape Municipality NO-0105 Administrative centre Sarpsborg Mayor (2003) Jan O. Engsmyr (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 238 406 km² 370 km² 0. ...

Akershus Castle
Akershus Castle

The fortress has successfully survived many sieges, primarily by Swedish forces. In the early 17th c., the fortress was modernized and remodeled under the reign of the active King Christian IV, and got the appearance of a renaissance castle. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The fortress was first used in battle in 1308, when it was besieged by the Swedish duke Erik of Södermanland, who later in the same year won the Swedish throne. The immediate proximity of the sea was a key feature, for naval power was a vital military force as the majority of Norwegian commerce in that period was by sea. The fortress was strategically important for the capital, and therefore, Norway as well. Whoever ruled Akershus fortress ruled Norway. Events Henry VII is elected as king of the Holy Roman Empire. ... Erik X ( c 1180 – 1216), Erik Knutsson (Eric son of Canute) was the King of Sweden between 1208 and 1216. ... (frequently shortened to Sörmland in Sweden, particularly locally) is a historical province or landskap on the south eastern coast of Sweden. ... The multinational Combined Task Force One Five Zero (CTF-150) The British Grand Fleet, the supreme naval force of World War I A rare occurrence of a 5-country multinational fleet, during Operation Enduring Freedom in the Oman Sea. ... In physics, force is an influence that may cause an object to accelerate. ...


The fortress has never been successfully captured by a foreign enemy. It surrendered without combat to Nazi Germany in 1940 when the Norwegian government evacuated the capital in the face of the unprovoked German assault on Denmark and Norway (see Operation Weserübung). During WWII, several people were executed here by the German occupiers. After the war, eight Norwegian traitors who had been tried for war crimes and sentenced to death were also executed at the fortress. Among those executed was Vidkun Quisling. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Germany Denmark Norway Operation Weserübung was the German codename for Nazi Germanys assault on Denmark and Norway during World War II and the opening operation of the Norwegian Campaign. ... In law, treason is the crime of disloyalty to ones nation. ... Vidkun Abraham Lauritz Jonssøn Quisling, (July 18, 1887 – October 24, 1945) was a Norwegian army officer and fascist politician. ...

The Armoury door
The Armoury door

Akershus fortress is still a military area, but is open to the public daily until 9pm. In addition to the castle, the Norwegian Armed Forces museum and the Norwegian Resistance museum can be visited there. The Norwegian Ministry of Defence and Defence Staff Norway (armed forces headquarters) have a joint modern headquarter in the eastern part of Akershus Fortress. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 840 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The door to the castle armoury in Oslo - Sweden. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1536 × 2048 pixel, file size: 840 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The door to the castle armoury in Oslo - Sweden. ... The Royal Norwegian Ministry of Defence (Forsvarsdepartementet) is a Norwegian government ministry in charge of the formation and implementation of national security and defence policy, and for the overall management and control of the activities of subordinate agencies. ...


Several Norwegian royals have been buried in the Royal Mausoleum in the castle. They include:

Inside the Akershus fortress church
Inside the Akershus fortress church

Haakon VII, (Prince Carl of Denmark, born Christian Frederik Carl Georg Valdemar Axel) (August 3, 1872 – September 21, 1957), was the first king of Norway after the 1905 dissolution of the personal union with Sweden. ... Princess Maud of the United Kingdom (Maud Charlotte Mary Victoria) (26 November 1869 – 20 November 1938) later Queen Maud of Norway was a member of the British Royal Family, a granddaughter of Queen Victoria, and later Queen consort of Norway, as the wife of King Haakon VII of Norway. ... His Majesty King Olav V (July 2, 1903 - January 17, 1991) reigned as King of Norway from 1957 to 1991. ... Märtha, Crown Princess of Norway, Princess of Sweden (March 28, 1901 in Stockholm – April 5, 1954 in Oslo), full name, Märtha Sofia Lovisa Dagmar Thyra was the first crown princess of Norway in modern times. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 750 pixel, file size: 355 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Author: User:Damsleth Inside the Akershus fortress church. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 750 pixel, file size: 355 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)Author: User:Damsleth Inside the Akershus fortress church. ...

Commandants

The year is that in which they first took command.

  • 1629 Ove Gedde
  • 1654 Georg Reichwein
  • 1662 Hans Jacob Schort
  • 1670 Michael Opitz
  • 1676 Frants Eberhard von Speckhan
  • 1679 Ejler Jensen Visborg
  • 1680 Hans Brostrup Schort
  • 1687 Anton Coucheron
  • 1690 Nikolaj de Seve
  • 1706 Hans Frederik Legel
  • 1708 Ernst Bugislav Waldau
  • 1709 Johan Frederik Münnich
  • 1711 Nikolaj Sibbern
  • 1712 Jørgen Christopher von Klenow
  • 1719 Georg von Bertouch
  • 1740 Johan Frederik Leben
  • 1744 Jonas Bjørnsen
  • 1762 Frans Grabow
  • 1772 Christopher Frederik Ingenhaeff
  • 1774 Hans Jacob Henning Hesselberg
  • 1806 Frederik Gotskalk Haxthausen
  • (incomplete)
  • at present Geir Holmenes

Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... Events April 5 - Signing of the Treaty of Westminster, ending the First Anglo-Dutch War. ... Georg Reichwein was a military government official. ... Events February 1 - The Chinese pirate Koxinga seizes the island of Taiwan after a nine-month siege. ... 1670 was a common year beginning on a Saturday in countries using the Julian calendar and a Wednesday in countries using the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 29 - Feodor III becomes Tsar of Russia First measurement of the speed of light, by Ole Rømer Bacons Rebellion Russo-Turkish Wars commence. ... Events January 24 - King Charles II of England disbands Parliament August 7 - The brigantine Le Griffon, which was commissioned by René Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle, is towed to the southern end of the Niagara River, to become the first ship to sail the upper Great Lakes. ... Events First Portuguese governor was appointed to Macau The Swedish city Karlskrona was founded as the Royal Swedish Navy relocated there. ... Events March 19 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La Salle murder him while searching for the mouth of the Mississippi River. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ... Events March 27 - Concluding that Emperor Iyasus I of Ethiopia had abdicated by retiring to a monastery, a council of high officials appoint Tekle Haymanot I Emperor of Ethiopia May 23 - Battle of Ramillies September 7 - The Battle of Turin in the War of Spanish Succession - forces of Austria and... // Events March 23 - James Francis Edward Stuart lands at the Firth of Forth July 1 - Tewoflos becomes Emperor of Ethiopia September 28 - Peter the Great defeats the Swedes at the Battle of Lesnaya Kandahar conquered by Mir Wais In Masuria one third of the population die during the plague J... // Events January 12 - Two-month freezing period begins in France - The coast of the Atlantic and Seine River freeze, crops fail and at least 24. ... 1711 (MDCCXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... // Events Treaty of Aargau signed between Catholic and Protestants. ... Jørgen Christopher von Klenow was a Dano-Norwegian officer born in Mecklenburg, (now Germany) and died in 1723 in Copenhagen, Denmark. ... // Events January 23 - The Principality of Liechtenstein is created within the Holy Roman Empire April 25 - Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe June 10 - Battle of Glen Shiel Prussia conducts Europes first systematic census Miners in Falun, Sweden find an apparently petrified body of Fet-Mats Israelsson in an unused... Events May 31 - Friedrich II comes to power in Prussia upon the death of his father, Friedrich Wilhelm I. October 20 - Maria Theresia of Austria inherits the Habsburg hereditary dominions (Austria, Bohemia, Hungary and present-day Belgium). ... // Events The third French and Indian War, known as King Georges War, breaks out at Port Royal, Nova Scotia The First Saudi State founded by Mohammed Ibn Saud Prague occupied by Prussian armies Ongoing events War of the Austrian Succession (1740-1748) Births January 10 - Thomas Mifflin, fifth President... 1762 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1772 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... 1806 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...

Facts and Figures

The Norway Pavilions Stave Church Vikingschip The Norway Pavilion is part of the World Showcase within the Epcot theme park in Orlando Florida. ... Spaceship Earth, as seen from outside the vistors entrance. ...

See also

Akershus fortress seen from the west
Akershus fortress seen from the west

This is a list of famous or notable buildings with articles about them. ... // [edit] Etymology Modern etymologists believe the countrys name means the northward route (the way north), which in Old Norse would be nor veg or *norð vegr. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 280 pixel Image in higher resolution (2767 × 968 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 280 pixel Image in higher resolution (2767 × 968 pixel, file size: 1. ...


Coordinates: 59°54′23.78″N, 10°44′10.24″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Akershus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (250 words)
Akershus is a county in Norway, bordering Hedmark, Oppland, Buskerud, Oslo and Østfold.
Akershus is the second largest county in population after Oslo.
Embracing numerous suburbs of Oslo, Akershus is one of the most densely populated areas in the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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