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Encyclopedia > Ajinomoto
Ajinomoto

Ajinomoto Co., Inc. (味の素株式会社 Ajinomoto Kabushiki-gaisha?) (TYO: 2802 ) is a Japanese company that produces food seasonings, cooking oils, foods and pharmaceuticals. The literal translation of Aji no Moto is "Essence of Taste", used as a trademark for the company's monosodium glutamate (MSG). Ajinomoto currently produces around 33% of the world's MSG. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 713 KB) Ajinomoto photography day, September, 2004 photography person MASA photography place MASA home File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 713 KB) Ajinomoto photography day, September, 2004 photography person MASA photography place MASA home File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Tokyo Stock Exchange ), or TSE, is one of the largest stock exchange markets in the world by monetary volume located in Tokyo, Japan, second only to the New York Stock Exchange. ... Seasoning is the process of adding flavours, or enhancing natural flavour of any type of food. ... Cooking oil is purified fat of plant or animal origin, which is liquid at room temperature. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... Chemical structure of monosodium glutamate Monosodium glutamate, sodium glutamate, flavour enhancer 621, EU food additive code: E621, HS code: 29224220 (IUPAC name 2-aminopentanedioic acid. ...


Ajinomoto is active in 23 countries and regions worldwide, employing around 24,861 people as of 2004. Yearly revenue stands at US$9.84 billion. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ajinomoto's signature product, monosodium glutamate (MSG) seasoning, was first marketed in Japan in 1909, having been discovered and patented by Kikunae Ikeda. The company rapidly expanded to other countries, with Ajinomoto U.S.A., Inc. being established in 1956. Since then, Ajinomoto has become a conglomerate spreading to other areas, though mostly in the food industry. Chemical structure of monosodium glutamate Monosodium glutamate, sodium glutamate, flavour enhancer 621, EU food additive code: E621, HS code: 29224220 (IUPAC name 2-aminopentanedioic acid. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Kikunae Ikeda (池田 菊苗 Ikeda Kikunae, October 8, 1864 – May 3, 1936) was a Tokyo Imperial University professor who discovered the umami flavor. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Ajinomoto is a genericized name for MSG in some Asian countries. A genericized trademark, generic trade mark, generic descriptor, or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name which has become the colloquial or generic description for a particular class of product or service. ...

Contents

Controversy

In early 2001, Ajinomoto was involved in a scandal in majority-Muslim Indonesia when it emerged that a pork-based enzyme had been used in its production of MSG [1] [2] [3]. This gave ironic significance to the company's advertising slogan in some parts of the world: "What is Ajinomoto made of?" Similarly, in 1917 an urban legend had spread that Ajinomoto was made from snake. Another well known myth is that Ajinomoto causes baldness. These myths turned out not to be true. Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Ribbon diagram of the enzyme TIM, surrounded by the space-filling model of the protein. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... An urban legend or urban myth is similar to a modern folklore consisting of stories often thought to be factual by those circulating them. ... Bald redirects here; for other uses see Bald (disambiguation). ...


Lysine price-fixing conspiracy

Ajinomoto was a member of the Lysine price fixing cartel in the mid-1990s. Along with Kyowa Hakko Kogyo, and Sewon America Inc., Ajinomoto settled with the United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division in September 1996. Each firm and one executive from each pleaded guilty as part of a plea bargain to aid in further investigation. Their cooperation led to settlement with ADM in October 1996 for $100 million, which was a record antitrust fine at the time.[1] The cartel had been able to raise Lysine prices 70% within their first nine months of cooperation.[2] The Lysine price-fixing conspiracy of 1999 resulted in fines and two-year prison sentences for executives of a major agricultural company who colluded to fix prices on an called animal feed additive based on lysine. ... The Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building in Washington, D.C. “Justice Department” redirects here. ... The United States Department of Justice Antitrust Division is responsible for enforcing the antitrust laws of the United States. ... A plea bargain (also plea agreement, plea deal or copping a plea) is an agreement in a criminal case in which a prosecutor and a defendant arrange to settle the case against the defendant. ... The Archer Daniels Midland Company (NYSE: ADM), based in Decatur, Illinois, operates more than 270 plants worldwide, where cereal grains and oilseeds are processed into numerous products used in food, beverage, nutraceutical, industrial and animal feed markets worldwide. ...


Subsidiaries

  • Ajinomoto USA, Inc. is a wholly owned subsidiary of Ajinomoto Co., Inc.
    • Ajinomoto AminoScience LLC is part of the Ajinomoto USA subsidiary which provides amino acid products and services to a number of manufacturing and research industries.[3]

In the UK, it is produced through Britannia Pharmaceuticals Limited, a UK-based subsidiary. Phenylalanine is one of the standard amino acids. ...


External links

References

  1. ^ Meredith E. B. Bell and Elena Laskin, "Antitrust Violations", 36 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 357
  2. ^ James M. Griffin, Deputy Assistant Attorney Gen., Antitrust Div., Dep't of Justice, The Modern Leniency Program After Ten Years: A Summary Overview of the Antitrust Division's Criminal Enforcement Program, Aug. 12, 2003
  3. ^ Ajinomoto AminoScience homepage, visited November 18, 2005

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ajinomoto - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (204 words)
Ajinomoto Co., Inc. (Japanese: 味の素) is a Japanese company that produces food seasonings, cooking oils, foods and pharmaceuticals through Britannia Pharmaceuticals Limited, a UK -based subsidary.
Ajinomoto is active in 23 countries and regions worldwide, employing around 24,861 people as of 2004.
Ajinomoto's signature product, MSG seasoning, was first marketed in Japan in 1909, having been discovered and patented by Kikunae Ikeda.
Ajinomoto - encyclopedia article about Ajinomoto. (858 words)
Ajinomoto currently produces around 33% of the world's MSG Monosodium glutamate, E 621 or Sodium Glutamate (IUPAC name- 2-Aminopentanedioic acid,2-Aminoglutaric acid,1-Aminopropane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid), commonly known as MSG, is a salt of sodium with glutamic acid.
Ajinomoto is active in 23 countries and regions worldwide, employing around 24,861 people as of 2004 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar.
Ajinomoto MSG Monosodium glutamate, E 621 or Sodium Glutamate (IUPAC name- 2-Aminopentanedioic acid,2-Aminoglutaric acid,1-Aminopropane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid), commonly known as MSG, is a salt of sodium with glutamic acid.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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