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Encyclopedia > Ajaria
აჭარის ავტონომიური რესპუბლიკა
Autonomous Republic of Ajaria
Acharis Avtonomiuri Respublika
(In detail)
Ajaria (gray) within Georgia
Detailed map of Ajaria
Official language Georgian
Capital Batumi
ISO code GE.AJ
Head of the Government Levan Varshalomidze
Area
 - Total
 - % water

2,900 km²
n/a
Population
 - Total (1989)
 - Density

392,432
135.32/km²
Ethnic groups
(1989)
Georgians: 82.8%
Russians: 7.7%
Armenians: 4.0%
Greeks: 1.9%
Currency Georgian lari
Time zone UTC +3

Ajaria (Georgian აჭარა Ačara), officially the Autonomous Republic of Ajaria, (also known as Ajara, Adjaria, Adjara, Adzharia and Adzhara) is an autonomous republic of Georgia, in the southwestern corner of the country, bordered by Turkey to the south and the eastern end of the Black Sea. Previously it was also known as Adzharistan and Adzharian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Adzharian ASSR). This image is a national, governmental, military, royal/vice-regal or historical flag. ... On 20 July 2004, the Supreme Council of the Ajarian Autonomous Republic, Georgia ratified a new flag for the region. ... Image File history File links Location of Ajaria within Georgia, copied from Estonian Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Ajaria and surrounding area Map adapted from http://www. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in a country, state, or other territory. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... Logo of the International Organization for Standardization The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from national standards bodies. ... L. Varshalomidze Levan Varshalomidze (b. ... -1... Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... The lari (Georgian: ლარი ; ISO 4217:GEL) is the national currency of the Republic of Georgia. ... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... UTC also stands for the University of Tennessee at Chattanooga Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time, the basis for civil time, differs by an integral number of seconds from atomic time and a fractional number of seconds from UT1. ... Map of the Black Sea. ...

Contents


History

Main article: History of Ajaria The article refers to the history of Georgia’s autonomous province of Adjaria. ...

Ajaria has been part of Colchis and Caucasian Iberia since ancient times. Colonized by Greeks in the 5th century BC, the region fell under Rome in the 2nd century BC. It became part of the region of Egrisi before being incorporated into the unified Georgian Kingdom in the 9th century AD. The Ottomans annexed the area in 1614 and forcibly Islamicized its people in over the following 260 years. They were forced to cede Ajaria to the expanding Russian Empire in 1878. Image File history File links Mikhaiolovskaya Street in Batumi, circa 1900s Source: Government of Adjara File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Mikhaiolovskaya Street in Batumi, circa 1900s Source: Government of Adjara File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... // Events and Trends Technology Lawrence Hargrave makes the first stable wing design for a heavier-than-air aircraft Orville and Wilbur Wright make the first documented flight in a powered heavier-than-air aircraft Mass production of automobile Wide popularity of home phonograph Panama Canal is built by the United... In ancient geography, Colchis (sometimes spelled also as Kolchis) (Greek: Κολχίς, kŏl´kĬs; Georgian: კოლხეთი, Kolkheti) was a nearly triangular district in Caucasus. ... Ancient countries of Caucasus: Armenia, Iberia, Colchis and Albania Iberia was a name given by the ancient Greeks and Romans to the ancient Georgian kingdom of Kartli (4th century BC-5th century AD) corresponding roughly to the eastern and southern parts of the present day Georgia. ... (6th century BC - 5th century BC - 4th century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) The 5th and 6th centuries BC are a period of philosophical brilliance among advanced civilizations. ... City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2. ... (3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC - other centuries) (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium AD) // Events 175 BCE - Antiochus IV Epiphanes, took possession of the Syrian throne, at the murder of his brother Seleucus IV Philopator, which rightly belonged to his nephew Demetrius I Soter. ... Egrisi (or Kolkheti) known to the ancient Greeks and Romans as Lazica was a kingdom in the western part of Georgia, which flourished between the 6th century BC and the 7th century AD. It covered the territory of the former kingdom Kolkha (Colchis) and the territory of modern Abkhazia. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power Imperial motto El Muzaffer Daima The Ever Victorious (as written in tugra) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital İstanbul ( Constantinople/Asitane/Konstantiniyye ) Sovereigns Sultans of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40 million Area 12+ million km² Establishment 1299 Dissolution October 29, 1923... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God)) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of Russian history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start...


After a temporary occupation by Turkish and British troops in 1918–1920, Ajaria was reunited with Georgia in 1920. After a brief military conflict in March 1921, Ankara government ceded the territory to Georgia due to Article VI of Treaty of Kars on grounds that autonomy is provided for the Muslim population. The Soviet Union established the Adzharian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in 1921 in accord with this clause. Thus, Ajaria was still a component part of Georgia, but with considerable local autonomy. Its Muslim population was repressed by Stalin. Ankara from the Atakule Tower, looking N-NE. Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after Ä°stanbul. ... The Treaty of Kars was a friendship treaty between Turkey and the Soviet Union. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ...


After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ajaria became part of a newly independent but politically divided Republic of Georgia. It avoided being dragged into the chaos and civil war that afflicted the rest of the country between 1991–1993 due largely to the authoritarian rule of its leader Aslan Abashidze. Although he successfully maintained order in Ajaria and made it one of the country's most prosperous regions, he was accused of involvement in organised crime – notably large-scale smuggling to fund his government and enrich himself personally – as well as human rights violations. The central government in Tbilisi had very little say in what went on in Ajaria; during the presidency of Eduard Shevardnadze, it seemed convenient to turn a blind eye to events in Ajaria. The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... The Georgian Civil War consisted of inter-ethnic conflicts in the regions of South Ossetia (1991-1992) and Abkhazia (1992-1993), as well as the overthrow of President Zviad Gamsakhurdia and his subsequent uprising in an attempt to regain power (1991-1993). ... Aslan Abashidze (Georgian: ასლან აბაშიძე) (born July 20, 1938) was the leader of the Ajarian Autonomous Republic in western Georgia from 1991 to May 5, 2004. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Eduard Amvrosiyevich Shevardnadze (Georgian: ედუარდ შევარდნაძე, Russian: Эдуа́рд Амвро́сьевич Шевардна́дзе; pronounced ed-oo-ard am-vro-see-ye-vitch she-va-rd-nad-zuh) (born 25 January 1928) is a Georgian politician. ... The phrase turn a blind eye is attributed to Admiral Horatio Nelson. ...

Protesters celebrate Aslan Abashidze's ouster, Batumi, 2004

This changed following the Rose Revolution of 2003 when Shevardnadze was deposed in favour of the reformist opposition leader Mikheil Saakashvili, who pledged to crack down on separatism within Georgia. In the spring of 2004, a major crisis in Ajaria erupted as the central government sought to reimpose its authority on the region. It threatened to develop into an armed confrontation. However, Saakashvili's ultimatums and mass protests against Abashidze's autocratic rule forced the Ajarian leader to resign in May 2004, following which he went into exile in Russia. After Abashidze's ouster, a new law was introduced to redefine the terms of Ajaria's autonomy – a measure which some have criticised as an effective elimination of most of the region's autonomous powers. The demonstrations in Batumi, Ajaria, Georgia displaced the local authoritarian leader Aslan Abashidze on May 6, 2004. ... The demonstrations in Batumi, Ajaria, Georgia displaced the local authoritarian leader Aslan Abashidze on May 6, 2004. ... Aslan Abashidze (Georgian: ასლან აბაშიძე) (born July 20, 1938) was the leader of the Ajarian Autonomous Republic in western Georgia from 1991 to May 5, 2004. ... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Mikhail Saakashvili and his supporters marched on the parliament carrying roses as a symbol of nonviolence Rose Revolution refers to a peaceful 2003 revolution in the country of Georgia that displaced president Eduard Shevardnadze. ... Mikhail Saakashvili briefing the press at UN headquarters Mikhail Saakashvili (Georgian: მიხეილ სააკაშვილი) (born December 21, 1967), Georgian jurist and politician, is the President of Georgia. ... Ajaria crisis refers to a political crisis in Georgia’s Ajarian Autonomous Republic led by a local strongman Aslan Abashidze, who refused to obey central authorities after President Eduard Shevardnadze’s ouster during the Rose Revolution of November 2003. ... Look up May in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In violation of promises made at the 1999 Istanbul OSCE conference, Russia continued to maintain a military base in Batumi. This was a source of great tension with Georgia, which has threatened to block access to the facility. Following talks in March 2005, the Russian government proposed to begin the process of withdrawal later the same year. In late July, the Russian hardware began to leave the base in Batumi. The location of Istanbul Province Maiden Tower and Historical Peninsula of Istanbul Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul, Greek: Κωνσταντινούπολις, Constantinople) is the largest city in Turkey, and arguably the most important. ... The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is an international organization for security. ... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... Look up July in Wiktionary, the free dictionary July is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ...


Law and government

The status of the Ajarian Autonomous Republic is defined by Georgia's law on Ajaria and the region's constitution, adopted following the ouster of Aslan Abashidze. The local legislative body, Supreme Council (parliament) of Ajaria consists of 30 members and is elected for 5 years. The head of the region's government – the Council of Ministers of Ajaria is nominated by the President of Georgia who also has powers to dissolve the assembly and government and to overrule local authorities on issues where the constitution of Georgia is contravened. 1991-1992 Zviad Gamsakhurdia 1992-1995 Presidency abolished, Eduard Shevardnadze was appointed acting chairman of the Georgian state council November 1995: presidency restored. ...


Levan Varshalomidze, a strongly pro-Saakashvili politician, is the current head of the Ajarian government. L. Varshalomidze Levan Varshalomidze (b. ...


Geography and climate

Ajaria is located on the south-eastern coast of the Black Sea and extends into the wooded foothills and mountains of the Lesser Caucasus. It has borders with the region of Guria to the north, Samtskhe-Javakheti to the east and Turkey to the south. Most of Ajaria's territory either consists of hills or mountains. The highest mountains rise more than 3,000 meters (9,840ft.) above sea level. Around 60% of Ajaria is covered by forests. Many parts of the Meskheti Range (the west-facing slopes) are covered by temperate rain forests. Map of the Black Sea. ... The Caucasus Mountains are a mountain system between the Black and Caspian seas in the Caucasus region, usually considered the southeastern limit of Europe. ... Guria is a region in Georgia (Caucasus), in the western part of the country, bordered by the eastern end of the Black Sea. ... Samtskhe-Javakheti is a region in southern Georgia, whith Akhaltsikhe as its capital. ... Meskheti Range (Meskh/Meskhet/Meskhetian Range Adzhar-Imereti Range, Adzhar-Akhaltsikh Range) is a part of the Lesser Caucasus mountain range. ... Temperate rain forests are coniferous or broadleaf forests that occur in the mid-latitudes in areas of high rainfall. ...


Ajaria consists of 6 administrative divisions:

  1. City of Batumi
  2. District of Keda
  3. District of Kobuleti
  4. District of Khelvachauri
  5. District of Shuakhevi
  6. District of Khulo

A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... Keda is a small town in Ajaria, an autonomous republic in the southwestern Georgia, 42 km southeast to the regional capital Batumi. ... Kobuleti is a town in Georgias southwestern region of Achara (Ajaria). ... Shuakhevi is a small town in Georgia’s autonomous region of Ajaria, 67 km east to the regional capital Batumi. ...

Climate

Ajaria is well-known for its humid climate (especially along the coastal regions) and prolonged rainy weather, although there is prentiful sunshine during the Spring and Summer months. Ajaria receives the highest amounts of precipitation both in Georgia and in the Caucasus. It is also one of the wettest temperate regions in the northern hemisphere. No region along Ajaria's coast receives less than 2,200mm (86.6 inches) of precipitation per year. The west-facing (windward) slopes of the Meskheti Range receive upwards of 4,100mm (161.4 inches) of precipitation per year. The coastal lowlands receive most of the precipitation in the form of rain (due to the area's subtropical climate). September and October are usually the wettest months. Batumi's average monthly rainfall for the month of September is 410mm (16.14 inches). The interior parts of Ajaria are considerably drier than the coastal mountains and lowlands. Winter usually brings significant snowfall to the higher regions of Ajaria, where snowfall often reaches several meters. Average summer temperatures are between 22-24 degrees Celsius in the lowland areas and 17-21 degrees Celsius in the highlands. The highest areas of Ajaria have lower temperatures. Average winter temperatures are between 4-6 degrees Celsius along the coast while the interior areas and mountains average around -3-2 degrees Celsius. Some of the highest mountains of Ajaria have average winter temperatures of -8-(-7) degrees Celsius. Look up spring in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Summer is a season, defined by convention in meteorology as the whole months of June, July, and August, in the Northern hemisphere, and the whole months of December, January, and February, in the Southern hemisphere. ... The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... Insert non-formatted text here The Northern Hemisphere is the half of a planets surface (or celestial sphere) that is north of the equator (the word hemisphere literally means half ball). On the Earth, the Northern Hemisphere contains most of the land and population. ... Windward is the side of a boat into which the wind is blowing. ... Meskheti Range (Meskh/Meskhet/Meskhetian Range Adzhar-Imereti Range, Adzhar-Akhaltsikh Range) is a part of the Lesser Caucasus mountain range. ... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... Look up September in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...


Economy

Ajaria has good land for growing tea, citrus fruits and tobacco. Mountainous and forested, the region has a subtropical climate, and there are many health resorts. Tobacco, tea, citrus fruits, and avocados are leading crops; livestock raising is also important. Industries include tea packing, tobacco processing, fruit and fish canning, oil refining, and shipbuilding.


The regional capital, Batumi is an important gateway for the shipment of goods heading into Georgia, Azerbaijan and landlocked Armenia. The port of Batumi is used for the shipment of oil from Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan. Its oil refinery handles Caspian oil from Azerbaijan which arrives by pipeline to Supsa port and is transported from there to Batumi by rail. The Ajarian capital is a centre for shipbuilding and manufacturing. A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ... Caspian Sea viewed from orbit The Caspian Sea is a landlocked endorheic sea between Asia and Europe (European Russia). ... Supsa is a Black Sea port city in western Georgia. ... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ...


Ajaria is the main center of Georgia's coastal tourism industry, having displaced the northwestern province of Abkhazia since that region's de facto secession from Georgia in 1993. Abkhazia (Abkhaz Аҧсны/Aphsny, Georgian აფხაზეთი/Apxazeti, Russian Абха́зия/Abhazia) is a region of 8,600 km² (3,300 sq. ...


Population

The population of Ajaria is 376,400. The Ajarians (Ajars) are ethnic Georgians who speak a local dialect of the Georgian language. The written language is Georgian. Georgian (ქართული ენა, kartuli ena) is the official language of Georgia, a republic in the Caucasus. ...


They became Christian in the 4th century and were forcibly Islamicized under the Ottoman rule between the 17th and 19th centuries. However, remnants of Christian practice remain, albeit with an Islamic flavour. Crosses decorate maize-meal cakes. A cross with a grapevine wound around it provides ornamentation for mosques. Christian graves are carefully tended. Ruins of monasteries and churches are preserved for their enduring Christian symbolism. As a noun, Christian is an appellation and moniker deriving from the appellation Christ, which many people associate exclusively with Jesus of Nazareth. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( (help· info)), submission (to the will of God)) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Imperial motto (Ottoman Turkish) Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (the Eternal State) The Ottoman Empire at the height of its power (1683) Official language Ottoman Turkish Capital Bursa (1335-1365), Edirne (1365-1453), İstanbul (1453-1922) Imperial anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Sovereigns Padishah of the Osmanli Dynasty Population ca 40... Yeni Camii (the New Mosque), one of the landmarks of İstanbul A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Christian symbolism is the use of actions or objects to represent the truths of the Christian faith, either as a reminder of those truths or as a way of spiritually connecting with the underlying truth or act. ...


The population of Ajaria had been generally known as “Muslim Georgians” until the 1926 Soviet census which listed them as “Ajarians” and counted 71,000 of them. Later, they were simply classified under a broader category of Georgians as no official Soviet census asked about religion. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ...


The collapse of the Soviet Union and the re-establishment of Georgian independence accelerated a voluntary reconversion to Christianity, especially among the young, although significant number of Ajarians remain Sunni Muslims. Interestingly, there now is only one mosque in the regional capital city of Batumi, whereas there are 14 Christian churches. Christianity is a monotheistic religion centered on the life, teachings, and actions of Jesus as recounted in the New Testament. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jamaah. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... A view of Batumi, circa, 1911, towards the mountains Batumi (also Batum or Batoum) is a seaside city on the Black Sea coast and capital of Ajaria, an autonomous republic in southwest Georgia. ...


Ethnic minorities include Armenians, Jews, Russians and Abkhazians. Abkhazians - small ethnic group, which is distinct from Georgian. ...


Famous Ajarians

1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... Aslan Abashidze (Georgian: ასლან აბაშიძე) (born July 20, 1938) was the leader of the Ajarian Autonomous Republic in western Georgia from 1991 to May 5, 2004. ... Events March 16 - Massacre and mass-suicide of the Jews of York, England prompted by Crusaders and Richard Malebys kill 150-500 Jews in Cliffords Tower June 10 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowned in the Saleph River while leading an army to Jerusalem. ... Events Batu Khan and the Golden Horde sack the Ruthenian city of Kyiv Births Pope Benedict XI Deaths April 11 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, also known as Llywelyn The Great Prince of Gwynedd Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile... Zurab Nogaideli (Georgian: ზურაბ ნოღაიდელი; born October 22, 1964) is a Georgian politician, the Prime Minister of Georgia. ... L. Varshalomidze Levan Varshalomidze (b. ...

See also

Georgia is divided into 10 regions and 2 autonomous republics (capitals in parentheses): Autonomous Republics: Abkhazia (Sokhumi) Ajaria (Batumi) Regions: Guria (Ozurgeti) Imereti (Kutaisi) Kakheti (Telavi) Kvemo Kartli (Rustavi) Mtskheta-Mtianeti (Mtskheta) Racha-Lechkhumi-Kvemo Svaneti (Ambrolauri) Samegrelo-Zemo Svateni (Zugdidi) Samtskhe-Javakheti (Akhaltsikhe) Shida Kartli (Gori) Tbilisi (Tbilisi) The... This entry gives an overview of countries (including puppet-countries) that exist(ed) in Europe after the Congress of Vienna. ...

External links

  • Government of Adjara official web site
  • Map of Ajaria
  • Georgian territories: Ajaria
  • Ajaria
  • Images of Ajaria
  • Islam and Islamic Practices in Georgia
  • In pictures: Ajaria's 'velvet revolution'
  • Timeline – 2004
  • Ajaria Leadership Accused of Media Censorship, ‘Clan-Based’ Governance


Subdivisions of Georgia
Autonomous Republics: Abkhazia | Ajaria
Regions: Guria | Imereti | Kakheti | Kvemo Kartli | Mtskheta-Mtianeti | Racha-Lechkhumi and Kvemo Svaneti | Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti | Samtskhe-Javakheti | Shida Kartli | Tbilisi

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ajaria - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1121 words)
Ajaria (Georgian აჭარა Ačara), officially the Autonomous Republic of Ajaria, (also known as Ajara, Adjaria, Adjara, Adzharia and Adzhara) is an autonomous republic of Georgia, in the southwestern corner of the country, bordered by Turkey to the south and the eastern end of the Black Sea.
In the spring of 2004, a major crisis in Ajaria erupted as the central government sought to reimpose its authority on the region.
Ajaria is the main center of Georgia's coastal tourism industry, having displaced the northwestern province of Abkhazia since that region's de facto secession from Georgia in 1993.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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