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Encyclopedia > Aitutaki
Aerial view of Aitutaki

Aitutaki, traditionally known as Araura, is one of the Cook Islands, north of Rarotonga. It has a population of approximately 2,000. Aitutaki is the second most visited island of the Cook Islands. The capital (main village) is Arutanga (Arutunga) on the west side. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (657x683, 131 KB)Satellite Image of Aitutaki, Cook Islands. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (657x683, 131 KB)Satellite Image of Aitutaki, Cook Islands. ... Rarotonga Island from space, September 1994 View of a Rarotongan beach. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Arutanga is the chief town of Aitutaki in the Cook Islands. ...

Contents

Geography

One Foot Island in the southern part of Aitutaki Atoll
One Foot Island in the southern part of Aitutaki Atoll

Aitutaki is an "almost atoll", located at 18°50′S, 159°45′W. It has a maximum height of approximately 123 metres with the hill known as Maunga Pu close to its northernmost point. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 176 KB)Motu Tapuaetai (english: One Foot Island), a popular picnic spot and destination for all lagoon cruises operating on Aituaki. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 176 KB)Motu Tapuaetai (english: One Foot Island), a popular picnic spot and destination for all lagoon cruises operating on Aituaki. ... Portion of a Pacific atoll showing two islets on the ribbon or barrier reef separated by a deep pass between the ocean and the lagoon. ...


The barrier reef that forms the basis of Aitutaki is roughly the shape of an equilateral triangle with sides 12 kilometres in length. The southern edge of the triangle is almost totally below the surface of the ocean, and the eastern side is composed of a string of small islands (including Mangere, Akaiami, and Tekopua).


The western side of the atoll contains many of Aitutaki's important features including a boat passage through the barrier reef allowing for anchorage close to shore at Arutanga. Towards the south of the side is a small break in the barrier reef, allowing access for small boats to the lagoon which covers most of the southern part of the triangle. Further to the north is the bulk of the main island. Its fertile volcanic soil provide tropical fuits and vegetables. Two of Aitutaki's 15 islets (motus) are also volcanic. The rest are made of coral.


An airstrip is located close to the triangle's northern point. There is an area suitable for the landing of flying boats in the south eastern part of the lagoon.


History

Map of Aitutaki Atoll

Polynesians probably first settled Aitutaki around AD 900. The first known European contact was with Captain Bligh and the crew of the "HMS Bounty" when they discovered Aitutaki on April 11, 1789, prior to the infamous mutiny. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixelsFull resolution (1240 × 902 pixel, file size: 236 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Aitutaki ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 582 pixelsFull resolution (1240 × 902 pixel, file size: 236 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Aitutaki ... Polynesia (from Greek, poly = many and nesi = island) is a large grouping of over 1,000 islands in the central and southern Pacific Ocean. ... Persian sfuckentist, Rhazes, distinguished smallpox from measles in the course of his writings. ... William Bligh in 1814 Vice-Admiral William Bligh FRS RN (9 September 1754 – 7 December 1817) was an officer of the British Royal Navy and colonial administrator. ... for other meaning see Mutiny on the Bounty (disambiguation) The mutineers turning Lt Bligh and some of the officers and crew adrift from HMAV Bounty, 29 April 1789 The Mutiny on the Bounty was a historical event in the late 18th century, most widely known through fiction, of an officer... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1789 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The mutineers turning Lt Bligh and some of the officers and crew adrift from HMAV Bounty, 29 April 1789. ...


Aitutaki was the first of the Cook Islands to accept Christianity, after LMS (London Missionary Society) missionary John Williams visited in 1821. Today you can find the oldest church in the country, the CICC (Cook Islands Christian Church) in Arutanga, which was built by Papeiha (Borabora) and Vahapata (Raiatea), two LMS teachers Williams had left behind. Christianity percentage by country, purple is highest, orange is lowest Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch... LMS is an acronym with a few different meanings: London Mathematical Society Learning Management System Least mean squares an algorithm for adaptive filtering in digital signal processing London, Midland and Scottish Railway London Missionary Society LMS Color Space Library Management System LMS is also a user name used by Larry...


In 1942 New Zealand and American forces were stationed on the island, building the two-way airstrip that can be seen today. This airport, and one on the northernmost island of Penrhyn, were to be used as bases by the Allies during the Second World War against the Japanese. The first aircraft, an American light bomber, landed on November 22, 1942. When the war ended some of the servicemen remained and married the locals.


During the 1950s Aitutaki's lagoon was used as a stopover for TEAL (Tasman Empire Airways Limited) flying boats on the famous Coral Route. The islet of Akaiami was used as a resting stop for passengers, who often lay about until the aircraft was refuelled for two hours. These operations ceased in 1960, and the only reminder are the remains of the purpose-built jetty on Akaiami. The flying boat 'Aranui', which was part of this service, is now on display at the Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT- New Zealand (Auckland)). Tasman Empire Airways Limited (TEAL) was the forerunner of Air New Zealand. ... The Museum of Transport and Technology (MOTAT) is a museum located in Western Springs, Auckland, New Zealand. ...


Two of Aitutaki's islets (small islands), Rapota and Moturakau, were the locations of the first series of the UK reality television program Shipwrecked in 2000.


More recently, in 2001, Steve Fossett passed over just south of Aitutaki in the balloon Solo Spirit during his round-the-world trip. Steve Fossett Steve Fossett (born April 22, 1944, in Jackson, Tennessee) is a United States aviator and adventurer known for his appetite to set world records. ...


In 2006, the island was used as the location for the tribal council in Survivor: Cook Islands. Surrounding islands were used for tribal camps and crew locations. One of the tribes was named Aitutaki(or 'Aitu') after the island. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Then, not long afterwards, Shipwrecked returned again, with Shipwrecked: Battle of the Islands. This was filmed on the same islands as before.


Places of interest

A beach on Aitutaki
A beach on Aitutaki

Aitutaki is famous for its turquoise central lagoon, uninhabited islands and palm-fringed beaches. Another advantage is that until now it has been spared by mass tourism. Noteworthy also are an old church and some gigantic Banyan Trees (ficus prolixa). Image File history File linksMetadata Aitutaki-Beach-1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Aitutaki-Beach-1. ... This mid bay barrier in Narrabeen, a suburb of Sydney (Australia), has blocked what used to be a bay to form a lagoon. ... Species Many; see text for examples Banyan (genus Ficus, subgenus Urostigma) is a subgenus of many species of tropical figs with an unusual growth habit. ...


One Foot Island, a small islet in the south-east of the lagoon, is often said to be the most important attraction. It is regarded as providing the visitor with the best views of the Aitutaki lagoon and depending on the tide one is able to walk on a sandbank a decent distance away from One Foot Island. The trip to this island is the most frequented trip available on Aitutaki and is bookable in most hotels.


Air Rarotonga offers daily flights and a day tour from Rarotonga. Air Rarotonga is ‘the airline of the Cook Islands’. It is a privately owned company, established in 1978 when operations commenced with a Cessna. ... Rarotonga Island from space, September 1994 View of a Rarotongan beach. ...


There are two other noteworthy islets that cannot be overlooked. Rapota and Moturakau were the locations of the 1st Series of Shipwrecked in 2000, and again with Shipwrecked: Battle of the Islands in 2006. These islets were also used as tribal camps in another reality TV series, Survivor: Cook Islands. If you are a keen fan of the above shows, it may be useful on a visit to Aitutaki to ask if there are any lagoon cruise operators who travel to any of these two islands.


Economy

Tourism is the mainstay of Aitutaki though visitor numbers are still relatively low as there are no direct international flights. Tourists are catered for by a range of motels and resorts ranging from budget to luxury.


Postage stamps

See also : Aitutaki Overprint on 3d stamp Aitutaki used the postage stamps of the Cook Islands from 1892 to 1903, when New Zealand overprinted its own stamps with AITUTAKI. and the denomination written in local dialect. ...

Minor islands of Aitutaki

The main island of Aitutaki occupies the northern part of the atoll, which is roughly triangular in shape. The islands listed below form part of the perimeter of the atoll's lagoon. Clockwise from the northern point of the lagoon, these are:

  • Akitua
  • Angarei
  • Ee
  • Mangere
  • Papau
  • Tavaeruaiti
  • Tavaerua
  • Akaiami
  • Muritapua
  • Tekopua
  • Tapuaetai
  • Motukitiu
  • Moturakau
  • Rapota
  • Maina

Akitua is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Angarei is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Mangere is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Papau is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Tavaeruaiti is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Tavaerua is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Akaiami is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Muritapua is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Tekopua is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Tapuaetai Tapuaetai is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Motukitiu is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Moturakau is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Rapota is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ... Maina is one of 22 islands in the Aitutaki atoll of the Cook Islands. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Shipwrecked is a reality television series on Channel 4 in the UK as part of T4. ...

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos for 18°51′S 159°47′W / -18.85, -159.79Coordinates: 18°51′S 159°47′W / -18.85, -159.79

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aitutaki - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (687 words)
Aitutaki, traditionally known as Araura, is one of the Cook Islands, north of Rarotonga.
Aitutaki was the first of the Cook Islands to accept Christianity, after LMS (London Missionary Society) missionary John Williams visited in 1821.
Aitutaki is famous for its turquoise central lagoon, uninhabited islands and palm-fringed beaches.
Aitutaki Atoll, Cook Islands (776 words)
Aitutaki consists of a main island surrounded by a large shallow lagoon enclosed by a barrier reef which has many motus (small islands) appearing above the water's surface.
The reef at Aitutaki, both inside and outside the lagoon is healthy and diverse, but for many of the local people, this was quite a surprise.
We were told that not too long ago, the majority of the corals at Aitutaki were dead or dying, due to a variety of factors including crown of thorns outbreaks and fungicide use.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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