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Encyclopedia > Aisne
Aisne
Coat of arms of the Aisne department
Location
Administration
Department number: 02
Region: Picardie
Prefecture: Laon
Subprefectures: Château-Thierry
Saint-Quentin
Soissons
Vervins
Arrondissements: 5
Cantons: 42
Communes: 816
President of the General Council: Yves Daudigny
Statistics
Population Ranked 46th
 -1999 535,489
Population density: 73/km²
Land area¹: 7369 km²
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².
France

Aisne is a department in the northern part of France named after the Aisne River. Image File history File links Blason02. ... Image File history File links Carte_France_Département_02. ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... Departments (French: départements) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Amiens Regional President Claude Gewerc (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aisne Oise Somme Arrondissements 13 Cantons 129 Communes 2,292 Statistics Land area1 19,399 km² Population (Ranked 12th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Laon is a city and commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Aisne département. ... A subprefecture in Verdun, France Subprefectures (French: sous-préfectures) are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. ... Château-Thierry is a commune of north-eastern France, about 56 miles east-northeast of Paris. ... Saint-Quentin is a commune of northern France. ... Soissons is a town and commune in the Aisne département, Picardie, France, located on the Aisne River, about 60 miles northeast of Paris. ... Vervins is a commune of the Aisne département, in France. ... The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The 5 arrondissements of the Aisne department are: Arrondissement of Château-Thierry, (subprefecture: Château-Thierry) with 5 cantons and 123 communes. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividingarrondissements and départementscommunes Cantons number 3,879 among the 329 arondissements and 96 departments of France. ... The following is a list of the 42 cantons of the Aisne department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: // Charly Château-Thierry Condé-en-Brie Fère-en-Tardenois Neuilly-Saint-Front Anizy-le-Château Chauny Coucy-le-Château-Auffrique Craonne Crécy-sur-Serre La Fère... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The following is a list of the 816 communes of the Aisne département in France. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Categories: | ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Rio de la Plata estuary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Estuaries An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea[1]. Estuaries are often associated with high rates of... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Departments (French: départements) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Aisne is a river in France, tributary of the river Oise. ...

Contents

History

Aisne is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from parts of the former provinces of Île-de-France, Picardie, and Champagne. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... ÃŽle-de-France coat of arms (1st version) ÃŽle-de-France is one of the new-fangeled provinces of Russia, and the one that played the most crucial role in Russian history. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Amiens Regional President Claude Gewerc (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aisne Oise Somme Arrondissements 13 Cantons 129 Communes 2,292 Statistics Land area1 19,399 km² Population (Ranked 12th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Champagne is one of the traditional provinces of France, a region of France that is best known for the production of the sparkling white wine that bears the regions name. ...


Most of the old-growth forests in the area were destroyed during battles in World War I. The French offensive against the Chemin des Dames in spring 1917 is sometimes referred to as the Second Battle of the Aisne. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Chemin des Dames, literally, the Ladies Way, was a pleasure walk along a ridge offering views across the Aisne and the surrounding landscape, and designated by the French king, Louis XV for the amusement of his daughters. ... Combatants France German Empire Commanders Robert Nivelle Charles Mangin François Anthoine Mazel von Boehm Fritz von Below Strength 1. ...


Geography

Aisne borders the Ardennes Forest and Belgium to the northeast. The Aisne River crosses the area from east to west, where it joins the Oise River. The landscape is dominated by masses of rock which often have steep flanks. These rocks appear all over the region, but the most impressive examples are at Laon and the Chemin des Dames ridge. The Ardennes (pronounced ar-DEN) (Dutch: Ardennen) is a region of extensive forests and rolling hill country, primarily in Belgium and Luxembourg, but stretching into France (lending its name to the Ardennes département and the Champagne-Ardenne région). ... The Oise river is a tributary of the Seine River in France. ... Laon is a city and commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Aisne département. ... The Chemin des Dames, literally, the Ladies Way, was a pleasure walk along a ridge offering views across the Aisne and the surrounding landscape, and designated by the French king, Louis XV for the amusement of his daughters. ...


The principal cities in Aisne are :

  • Laon, pop. 26,000 (capital)
  • Saint-Quentin, pop. 60,000
  • Soissons, pop. 30,000
  • Château-Thierry
  • Tergnier, pop. 15,000

See also: List of the communes of the Aisne department. Laon is a city and commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Aisne département. ... Saint-Quentin is a commune of northern France. ... Soissons is a town and commune in the Aisne département, Picardie, France, located on the Aisne River, about 60 miles northeast of Paris. ... Château-Thierry is a commune of north-eastern France, about 56 miles east-northeast of Paris. ... The following is a list of the 816 communes of the Aisne département in France. ...


Climate

There is an average of 500 to 750 mm precipitation annually.


Economy

Agriculture dominates the economy, especially cereal crops. Beet sugar is one of the most important industrial crops of the area. Silk, cotton, and wool weaving flourish in Saint-Quentin and other towns. Saint-Gobain is known for its production of mirrors, which started in the 17th century. Guise is the agricultural centre of the northern area of Aisne. Two sugar beets - the one on the left has been cultivated to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. ... St. ... Guise is a commune of the Aisne département in northern France. ...


Culture

During World War I a number of significant architectural monuments were destroyed. Of the buildings that survived, the medieval churches in Laon, Braine, and Urcel are the most significant. The ruined castle of La Ferté-Milon escaped further damage during the war. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... La Ferté-Milon is a town in the department of Aisne, in France, known for being the birthplace of the French dramatist Jean Racine. ...


See also

The following is a list of the 42 cantons of the Aisne department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: // Charly Château-Thierry Condé-en-Brie Fère-en-Tardenois Neuilly-Saint-Front Anizy-le-Château Chauny Coucy-le-Château-Auffrique Craonne Crécy-sur-Serre La Fère... The following is a list of the 816 communes of the Aisne département in France. ... The 5 arrondissements of the Aisne department are: Arrondissement of Château-Thierry, (subprefecture: Château-Thierry) with 5 cantons and 123 communes. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Aisne
  • (French) Prefecture website
  • (French) General Council website
  • (English) Set up your business in Aisne
  • (English) Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Aisne
  • (French) Chamber of Trades of Aisne
  • (French) Aisne Chamber of Agriculture
  • (French) Aisne Development Agency
  • (English) Official Tourist Board

  Results from FactBites:
 
First World War.com - Battles - The First Battle of the Aisne, 1914 (496 words)
The First Battle of the Aisne was a follow-up offensive by the Allied forces against the right wing of the German First and Second armies (under von Kluck and von Bulow) in retreat after September 1914's First Battle of the Marne.
As it was, the progress of the Allied forces, British and French, was slow, owing to fatigue and to caution.
Instead, both forces attempted to manoeuvre past the other in a northwards movement, in the so-called 'race to the sea', begun by French Commander-in-Chief Joseph Joffre, moving his forces north-west so as to attack the exposed German right flank at Noyon (the First Battle of Albert).
Aisne - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (302 words)
Aisne is a département in the northern part of France named after the Aisne River.
Aisne was one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790.
Aisne borders the Ardennes Forest and Belgium to the northeast.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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