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Encyclopedia > Airports
Airport - Wikipedia


From Wikipedia

An airport is a designated location for aircraft to take off and land, with facilities, services, and infrastructure as required. A military airport is known as an airbase. An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ... Ryanair Boeing 737 taking off Take off is the phase of flight where an aircraft transitions from moving along the ground (taxiing) into the air (see flight), usually from a runway. ... Landing is the last part of a flight, where a flying animal or aircraft returns to the ground. ... A Fixed Base Operator, or FBO, is a service center at an airport that may be a private enterprise or may be a department of the municipality that the airport serves. ... Infrastructure is the set of interconnected structural elements that provide the framework for supporting the entire structure. ... Military (from Latin militarius, miles soldier) as an adjective describes anything related to soldiers and warfare, more specifically to do with land forces, the sea forces equivalent being naval. Used as a noun, it is equivalent to Armed force. ... For other uses, see Airport (disambiguation). ...

Airports vary in size, with those smaller or less-developed areas dedicated to aircraft operations are sometimes called airfields or airstrips. These smaller airports might include a single dirt or grass runway of less than 2000m, while larger airports for international flights have paved runways 3000m or larger. Size aside, any airport can have paved runways, with many airports in North America having paved runways shorter than 1000m. A runway is a strip of land on an airport, on which aircraft can take off and land. ...

Table of contents

Airport structures

At airports served by commercial flights, the buildings where passengers purchase tickets, clear security, and check or claim luggage are typically called terminals. The waiting areas which provide access to the airplanes are typically called concourses, although these terms are often interchangeable. An airline is an organization providing aviation services to passengers and/or cargo. ... An airport terminal is a building at an airport where passengers transfer from ground transportation to the facilities that allow them to board airplanes. ...

Both large and small airports can be towered or uncontrolled, depending on funds and traffic. Due to their high capacity and busy airspace, most international airports have air traffic control located on site. The control tower at Schiphol airport. ... CTAF, or Common Traffic Advisory Frequency, is the name given to a VHF radio frequency used at U.S. airports which do not have an active or on-site control tower, such as when some major airports close their tower overnight. ... Airspace means the portion of the atmosphere controlled by a particular country or, more generally, any specific portion of the atmosphere. ... Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCTs) at Schiphol Airport Air traffic control (ATC) is system of ground based attendants who coordinate aircraft traffic. ...

International airports

International airports generally have a complex of buildings where passengers can embark on airliners, and where cargo can be stored and loaded. Customs facilities for international travel often distinguish an international airport, and require a more conspicuous level of physical security. An airliner of Air Jamaica, the Airbus A340 An airliner is a type of aircraft initially designed for the transport of paying passengers. ... Cargo is a term used to denotes goods or produce being transported generally for commercial gain, usually on a ship, plane, train or lorry. ... Customs is the plural of custom, a common practice among a group of people. ...

The largest international airports are often located next to freeways or are served by their own freeways. Often, traffic is fed into two access roads, designed as loops, one sitting on top of the other. One level is for departing passengers and the other is for arrivals. Many airports also have light rail lines or other mass transit systems directly connected to the main terminals. A typical freeway with an interchange in the foreground Rush hour on the Harbor Freeway in downtown Los Angeles A typical rural freeway (Interstate 5 in the Central Valley of California). ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ...

Support services

Aircraft maintenance, pilot services, aircraft rental, and hangar rental is most often performed by a fixed base operator, e.g. British Airways at Heathrow. A Fixed Base Operator, or FBO, is a service center at an airport that may be a private enterprise or may be a department of the municipality that the airport serves. ... British Airways is the largest airline of the United Kingdom. ... London Heathrow Airport (IATA airport code: LHR, ICAO airport code: EGLL, and often simply Heathrow) is the United Kingdoms busiest and best-connected airport. ...

Airport designation and naming

Airports are uniquely represented by their IATA airport code and ICAO airport code. In the U.S. and other countries, they are often named after a prominent local celebrity, commonly a politician. The IATA airport code is a three-letter alphabetic code designating many airports around the world. ... The ICAO airport code is a four-letter alphanumeric code designating each airport around the world. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics. ...

Environmental concerns

The traffic generated by airports both in the air and on the surface can be a major source of aviation noise and air pollution which may interrupt nearby residents' sleep or, in extreme cases, be harmful to their health . The construction of new airports, or addition of runways to existing airports, is often resisted by local residents because of the effect on the countryside, historical sites, local flora and fauna. As well, due to the risk of collision between birds and airplanes, large airports undertake population control programs where they frighten or shoot birds to ensure the safety of air travellers. Aviation noise is a form of environmental noise. ... This power plant in New Mexico releases sulfur dioxide and particulate matter into the air. ... Health can be defined negatively, as the absence of illness, functionally as the ability to cope with everyday activities, or positively, as fitness and well-being (Blaxter 1990). ... Flora is a collective term for plant life. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life. ... Orders Many - see section below. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has more media related to:

The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free images, sound and other multimedia files. ... This list of commercial airports is indexed by their three-letter alphanumeric IATA airport code: The following web address (http://www. ... Airport security refers to the techniques and methods used in protecting airports from crime and terrorism. ... Worlds busiest airport - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... A ADF Aerobatics Aerodynamics Aeronautics Aileron Airband Aircraft Aircraft engine controls Aircraft Maintenance Technician (AMT) Aircraft Maintenance Engineer (AME) Airfield Airfield traffic zone (ATZ, and MATZ) Airfoil Air navigation Airport Airspace classes Airspeed Airspeed indicator Air traffic control Automatic Terminal Information Service (ATIS) Altimeter Altitude Angle of attack Angle of... NIMBY (Not In My Back Yard) is an acronym for the opposition by local residents to construction of intrusive facilities, which are often intended primarily to serve people living far away: such as new roads or rail lines, power plants, waste storage facilities or the like, or intended to serve...

External links

  • ATCSCC Real-time Airport Status page (http://www.fly.faa.gov/flyfaa/usmap.jsp) - shows airport delay times for major U.S. airports
  • AFRICASPOTTER.at.tt  (http://www.africaspotter.at.tt) - Airports in Southern Africa

  Results from FactBites:
Airport - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4306 words)
Despite the reluctance to privatize airports in the United States (despite the FAA sponsoring a privatization program since 1996), the government-owned/commercially operated (GOCO) arrangement is the standard for the operation of commercial airports in the rest of the world.
Airports have a captive audience, and consequently the prices charged for food is generally higher than are available elsewhere in the region.
Airports may also be named after a person associated with the region it serves or prominent figures in aviation history, such as Liverpool John Lennon Airport or Kingsford Smith International Airport, named for the Australian aviation pioneer.
AirPort - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1259 words)
AirPort is a local area wireless networking system from Apple Computer based on the IEEE 802.11b standard (also known as Wi-Fi) and certified as compatible with other 802.11b devices.
AirPort and AirPort Extreme in common usage can refer to the protocol (802.11b and 802.11g, respectively), the expansion card or the base station.
AirPort Extreme allows theoretical peak data transfer rates of up to 54 Mbit/s, and is fully backwards-compatible with existing 802.11b wireless network cards and base stations.
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