In France an aire urbaine (literally: "urban area") is roughly the equivalent of a US In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas, which are organized around county boundaries. These are referred to as Metropolitan Statistical Areas (MSAs). See also The following is a list of the 25 most populated metropolitan statistical areas in...
Metropolitan Statistical Area. The name is extremely confusing because in English an "urban area" is not the same thing as a "metropolitan area". In English an urban area is a contiguously built-up area, which is smaller than a metropolitan area, as explained below. Despite its name, a French aire urbaine is indeed a metropolitan area. What is called "urban area" in English is called unité urbaine (literally: "urban unit") in France.
An aire urbaine comprises a city, its independent suburbs, as well as its satellite towns and cities separated by some agricultural land. Metropolitan areas in the US also include satellite towns and the agricultural land in between. This reflects the modern phenomenon of long commutes where people may live in towns separated from the core of the urbanized metropolis by some agricultural land, but still work in the core of the metropolis. In that perspective, a metropolitan area is no more conceived as strictly speaking the urbanized area centered on a city, but rather as a hub of towns and suburbs around a central urban core where people interact and commute.
The official definition of an aire urbaine is given by the INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). It collects and publishes information on the French economy and French society, carrying out the periodic national census. INSEE also maintains indicies of inflation, construction...
INSEE (the national statistics office of France) as: an agglomeration of This article is part of the series: Administrative divisions of France Regional level Régions Régions doutre-mer Departmental level Départements Départements doutre-mer Arrondissement level Arrondissements Cantonal level Cantons Communal level Communes Communautés urbaines Communautés dagglomération Communautés de communes...
communes (municipalities) situated on an unbroken and enclave-free tract of land, made up of (1) an urban core (pôle urbain), i.e. the communes of the contiguously urbanized area around the city center; and (2) the communes in the peri-urban ring (outside of the urban core) in which at least 40% of the resident population in employment works in the communes of the urban core or in the other communes of the peri-urban ring. A pôle urbain is a unité urbaine (see first paragraph) in which there exists at least 5,000 jobs and which does not belong to the peri-urban ring of another pôle urbain.
Here is a list of the fifteen largest aires urbaines of France based on population at the 1999 census:
|Aire urbaine ||Population |
|Yearly percent change |
01- For other uses, see Paris is the name of a variety of things. Contents // 1 Locations 2 People 2.1 Mythology and fiction 3 Other Locations France Paris Canada Paris, Ontario Paris, Yukon United States Paris, Arkansas Perris, California Paris, Idaho Paris, Illinois Paris, Kentucky Paris, Michigan Paris, Missouri Paris...
|11,174,743 ||+0.32 % |
02- This article is about the French city. For other usages, see Lyon (disambiguation) and (as Lyons) Lyons was the common English name for Lyon in France. Other places named Lyons include: Lyons, Colorado Lyons, Georgia Lyons, Illinois Lyons, Indiana Lyons, Kansas Lyons, Michigan Lyons, New York is the name of...
|1,648,216 ||+0.68 % |
03- Marseilles redirects here. There is also Marseilles is a city located in La Salle County, Illinois. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 4,655. It is a suburb of Chicago, Illinois, although it is normally classified as a city. Geography Marseilles is located at...
|1,516,340 ||+0.46 % |
|04- The following article is about the city in France. See Lille is a city in France: Lille Lille is also a municipality in Belgium: Lille, Belgium See also: Alain de Lille, Ecole Centrale de Lille This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might...
(figures do not include the part of Lille's
metropolitan area which lies on Belgian territory)
|1,143,125 ||+0.32 % |
05- This picture comes from the website of Toulouse city hall (http://www.mairie-toulouse.fr/Phototheque/Album_Photos.html) and can be used for non-commercial purposes This image is not licensed under the GFDL. It is under a non-commercial-use only licence. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the...
|964,797 ||+1.54 % |
06- This article is about the city. For other Nice articles, see Nice can refer to: Nice (pronounced niece), a city that is the prÃ©fecture (administrative capital) of the Alpes-Maritimes dÃ©partement, in the south of France. The Nice (pronounced nyce) was a 1960s rock band. nice (pronounced nyce...
|933,080 ||+0.51 % |
07- Ville de Bordeaux This image has been released into the The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. (Proprietary interest is typically represented by a copyright...
|925,253 ||+0.67 % |
08- For a place in For other uses, see Brazil - a country in South America. Brazil R/S - The Brazil Rendering System, a photorealistic rendering engine. Brazil, Indiana - a town in the United States. Brazil - a movie directed by Terry Gilliam. Brazil (mythical island). a former name of Terceira Island. a...
|711,120 ||+1.10 % |
|09- Ville de Strasbourg (City flag) (City coat of arms) City A motto is a A phrase is a group of words that functions as a single unit in the syntax of a sentence. For example the house at the end of the street (example 1) is a phrase. It acts...
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metropolitan area which lies on German territory, see The French and German governments are currently discussing the creation of a commonly administered region incorporating Greater Strasbourg/Straßburg (a formerly German city) and the Ortenau district of Baden-Württemberg.The overall population of this European Washington DC would be 860,000. See also Franco-German cooperation List...
|612,104 ||+0.81 % |
10- For other uses, see Toulon (disambiguation). Location within Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and...
|564,823 ||+0.69 % |
11- Douai Région Nord-Pas-de-Calais Département Nord Population (1999) 44,792 Metropolitan area population (1999) (in French: aire urbaine) including Lens: 552,682 Douai is a city and commune in the north of France in the département of Nord, of which it is a sous-pr...
Douai- A lens is: a part of the eye an optical device that may be used in a camera or in a telescope; see lens (optics). the genus of the lentil a science-fictional alien device in E. E. Smiths Lensman series, which gives its bearer telepathic and other abilities...
|552,682 ||– 0.17 % |
12- Location within Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to...
|521,188 ||+1.32 % |
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|518,316 ||+0.29 % |
14- View of Grenoble, 2002 Copyright: Picture taken by Michael.chlistalla in 2002, usage is authorized (GNU FDL). Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation...
|514,559 ||+0.65 % |
15- Location within Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation; with no Invariant Sections, no Front-Cover Texts, and no Back-Cover Texts. Subject to...
|459,916 ||+1.89 % |