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Encyclopedia > Airbus A340
Airbus A340

A300 · A310 · A320 · A330 · A340 · A350 · A380 The A340 is a major road in the south of England. ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... A320 redirects here. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... A350 redirects here. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ...

Lufthansa A340-600
Type Airliner
Manufacturer Airbus
Maiden flight 25 October 1991
Introduced March 1993 (delivery began in January 1993)
Primary users Lufthansa
Iberia Airlines
Virgin Atlantic Airways
Air France
Number built 347 as of September 2007
Unit cost A340-200 $87,000,000 (1989) A340-300 $171,000,000 (2006) A340-500 $198,000,000 (2006) A340-600 $218,000,000 (2006)
Developed from Airbus A330

The Airbus A340 is a long-range four-engined widebody commercial passenger airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. a subsidiary of EADS. It is similar in design to the twin-engined A330, although with a shorter (53.39 m vs. 58.8 m) fuselage.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1093, 984 KB) Description: Lufthansa A340-600 in Frankfurt/Main, July 2005. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... This article is about the airliner manufacturer. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... Airbus A321-200 Iberia Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A., (IBEX-35:IBLA) (Iberia Airlines of Spain in English), usually shortened to Iberia, is the largest airline of Spain, based in Madrid and is the Spanish flag carrier. ... Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd (usually referred to as Virgin Atlantic) is a British airline which is owned by Richard Bransons Virgin Group (51%) and Singapore Airlines (49%). It operates long-haul routes between the United Kingdom and North America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Australia from... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... This article is about the airliner manufacturer. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The fuselage can be short, and seemingly unaerodynamic, as in this Christen Eagle 2 The fuselage (from the French fuselé spindle-shaped) is an aircrafts main body section that holds crew and passengers or cargo. ...

Contents

History

The first published studies for the A340 were as the TA11 in 1981, as shown in the November issue of Air International Magazine (coinciding with the display of the A300 at that year's Farnborough Air Show). Concept drawings of the A320 (SA 9) and A330 (TA9[2] [3] [4] [5]) were also published, along with estimated performance figures by Airbus Industrie. Air International is a British aviation magazine covering both defence aerospace and civil aviation. ... Farnborough 2006 Farnborough 2006 The Red Arrows in formation at Farnborough The Airbus A380, at Farnborough The Farnborough International Airshow is a seven-day international trade fair for the aerospace business which is held biannually in England. ...

BWIA A340-300

The A340 was launched in June 1987 as a long-range complement to the short-range A320 and the medium-range A300. At the time, Airbus's twinjets were at a disadvantage against aircraft such as the Boeing 747 because of the ETOPS problem as defined by the then-current regulations: two-engined aircraft had to stay within close range of emergency airfields to allow for engine malfunction. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1507x1014, 814 KB) British West Indian Airways Airbus A340-300 (9Y-TJN) landing at London Heathrow Airport. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1507x1014, 814 KB) British West Indian Airways Airbus A340-300 (9Y-TJN) landing at London Heathrow Airport. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into BWIA West Indies Airways. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) is an acronym for an International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) rule permitting twin-engined commercial air transports to fly routes that, at some points, are further than a distance of 60 minutes flying time from an emergency or diversion airport. ...


The A340 was designed in parallel with the twin-engined A330: both aircraft share the same wing and similar fuselage structure, and borrow heavily from the advanced avionics developed for the A320. The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The fuselage can be short, and seemingly unaerodynamic, as in this Christen Eagle 2 The fuselage (from the French fuselé spindle-shaped) is an aircrafts main body section that holds crew and passengers or cargo. ... Avionics is a portmanteau which literally means aviation electronics. ... The Airbus A320 is a short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Airbus. ...


Both the A330 and A340 are assembled on the same final assembly line at Toulouse-Blagnac, France. The four-engined A340 is able to fly long over-water routes. Because of its ETOPS-immunity, Virgin Atlantic Airways used the motto "4 Engines 4 Long Haul," on its A340 fleet. Toulouse Blagnac International Airport (IATA: TLS, ICAO: LFBO) is located in the south of France. ... Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd (usually referred to as Virgin Atlantic) is a British airline which is owned by Richard Bransons Virgin Group (51%) and Singapore Airlines (49%). It operates long-haul routes between the United Kingdom and North America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Australia from...

Kuwait Airways Airbus A340-300 landing

The A340 was originally intended to use the new superfan engines of IAE (International Aero Engines) in the A340 but IAE decided to stop their development. The engine nacelles of the superfan engine consisted of provisions to allow a large fan near the rear of the engine. As a result of the superfan cancellation by IAE, the CFMI CFM56-5C4 was used as the sole engine choice instead of being an alternate choice as originally envisioned. The current models being delivered, the A340-500 and -600, are powered by Rolls-Royce Trent 500 engines. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 517 pixelsFull resolution (2641 × 1708 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 517 pixelsFull resolution (2641 × 1708 pixel, file size: 1. ... Kuwait Airways (Arabic: الخطوط الجوية الكويتية) is the national airline of Kuwait, based in Kuwait City and wholly owned by the Kuwaiti Government. ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... CFM56-3 CFM56, front view CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... The Rolls Royce logo Rolls-Royce is a set of several companies, all deriving from the British automobile and aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and C.S. Rolls in 1906. ... Rolls-Royce Trent 900 on A380 prototype Rolls Royce Trent is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce. ...


When the A340 first flew in 1991, engineers noticed that the wings were not strong enough to carry the outboard engines at cruising speed without warping and fluttering. To alleviate this, an underwing bulge called a plastron was developed to correct airflow problems around the engine pylons and to add stiffness. The modified A340 began commercial service in 1993 with Lufthansa and Air France. The plastron is the nearly flat part of the shell structure of a tortoise, what we would call the belly, similar in composition to the carapace; with an external layer of horny material divided into plates called scutes and an underlying layer of interlocking bones. ... For pylons of overhead lines, see Electricity pylon Pylon Noun from Greek πυλώνας gateway tower like structure, usually one of a series, used to support high voltage electricity cables. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ...


The A340 incorporates high-technology features such as fully digital fly-by-wire flight control system. It also uses a sidestick controller instead of normal control columns. There is one joystick to the left of the pilot and one to the right of the co-pilot. The A340, as with all Airbus planes, employs a common pilot rating, especially with the two-engined A330. The cockpit also features CRT-based glass cockpit displays on the A340-200 and A340-300 and LCD-based on -500 and -600. Some composite primary structures are also used. A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The basic fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ... For other uses, see Joystick (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aviator (disambiguation). ... In commercial aviation, the first officer is the second pilot of an aircraft. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

A340-600 at the Farnborough Air Show, 2006.

With the introduction of higher gross weight Boeing 777s such as the 777-200ER and specifically 777-300ER, sales of the A340 began to decline. Over the last few years the 777 has outsold the A340 by a wide margin. Although the larger GE90 engines on the 777-300ER burn considerably more fuel than the Trent 500s, using only two of them compared to four Trents has meant a typical operating cost advantage of around 8-10%. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x465, 74 KB) Summary taken and donated by John Mullen Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1000x465, 74 KB) Summary taken and donated by John Mullen Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Farnborough 2006 Farnborough 2006 The Red Arrows in formation at Farnborough The Airbus A380, at Farnborough The Farnborough International Airshow is a seven-day international trade fair for the aerospace business which is held biannually in England. ...


In January 2006, Airbus announced plans to develop an enhanced version of the A340, dubbed the A340E, where E stands for enhanced. Airbus claims that the enhanced A340 will be more fuel-efficient than earlier A340s and close the 8-10% disparity and allow the model to compete more effectively with the Boeing 777. However, due to ongoing production problems with the A380 and other internal challenges, it appears (as of October 2007) that the A340 E program is at a standstill. Airbus has predicted that it will probably produce 127 A340 units through 2016, after which production will cease.[6]


Variants

There are four variants of the A340 and launched on two separate occasions. The A340-200 and A340-300 were launched in 1987 with introduction into service in March 1993. The A340-500 and A340-600 were launched in 1997 with introduction into service in 2002.


A340-200

One of two initial versions of the A340, the A340-200, with 261 passengers in a three-class cabin layout has a range of 7,450 nautical miles (13,800 km). This is the shortest version of the type and the only version with wingspan measuring greater than the length of the plane. It is powered by four CFMI CFM56-5C4 engines. The plane's range was one of the longest of the time and it was intended to open long and thin routes, especially over water. A nautical mile is a unit of distance, or, as physical scientists like to call it, length. ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... CFM56-3 CFM56, front view CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ...


One version of this type was ordered by the Sultan of Brunei requesting for a non-stop range of 8,000 nautical miles (14820 km). This A340-8000 had an increase in fuel capacity, a MTOW of 275 tonnes similar to the A340-300, and minor reinforcements to the undercarriage. Upon completion its final range was specified at 8,100 nautical miles (15,000 km) . It is powered by the 34,000 lbf (151 kN) thrust CFMI CFM56-5C4s similar to the -300E. The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state of Brunei. ... A nautical mile is a unit of distance, or, as physical scientists like to call it, length. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... This article is about the metric tonne. ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... CFM56-3 CFM56, front view CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ...


Other A340-200s were later given performance improvement packages (PIPs) which helped them achieve similar gains in capability as to the A340-8000. Those aircraft are labeled A340-213X. The range for this version is 8,000 NM (14,820 km).


Due to its large wingspan, four engines, low capacity, and improvements to the A340-300, the 200 proved heavy and unpopular with mainstream airlines. Only 28 A340-200s were produced with several now in VIP service. South African Airways is the largest operator with 6 flying mostly on Cape Town routes. Other current operators include Aerolineas Argentinas, Air Europa, Royal Jordanian (to be retired by 2010)and Egypt Air Aerol neas Argentinas is Argentinas largest domestic and international airline. ... Air Europa Boeing 737-800 landing Boeing 737-85P at Madrid Barajas International Airport Air Europa Líneas Aéreas, S.A. is an airline based in Palma, Majorca, Spain. ... Royal Jordanian Airlines (Arabic: الملكية الأردنية; transliterated: al-Malakiyah al-Orduniyah) is an airline based in Amman, Jordan, operating scheduled international services over four continents. ... EgyptAir is the national airline of Egypt and is owned by the Egyptian government. ...


Some A340-200 are used for VIP or military use. Examples of these are Royal Brunei, Qatar Airways, Arab Republic of Egypt Government, Saudi Arabia Air Force, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the French Air Force. Other historical operators include Cathay Pacific, Air Bourbon among others. This version is now out of production. For the road in England, see A340 road. ... Royal Brunei Airlines (Malay: Penerbangan DiRaja Brunei, Jawi: ﻓﻧﺭﺑﺎڠن ﺩﻴﺮﺍﺝ ﺑﺮﻮﻧﻲ), or RBA, is the international airline of the Sultanate of Brunei. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ... The Royal Saudi Air Force (Arabic: , ), is the air force branch of Saudi Arabian armed forces. ... Motto: Arabic: الله، الوطن، الملك (Transliteration: Allah Al-Watan Al-Malek) (Translation: God, the Homeland, the King) Anthem: عاش المليك (Long Live the King) Capital Amman Largest city Amman Official language(s) Arabic Government King Constitutional Monarchy Abdullah II Independence From the League of Nations mandate administered by the United Kingdom  - 25 May 1946 Area... The French Air Force is the air force branch of the French Armed Forces. ... Cathay Pacific Airways Limited (SEHK: 0293)(traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is an airline based in Hong Kong, operating scheduled passenger and cargo services to 120 destinations worldwide. ... Air Bourbon was a scheduled airline based in St Denis in Reunion. ...


A340-300

The A340-300 flies 295 passengers in a typical three-class cabin layout over 6,700 nautical miles (12,400 km). This is the initial version, having flown on 25 October, 1991, and entered service with Lufthansa and Air France in March 1993. It is powered by four CFMI CFM56-5C engines, similar to the -200. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1214, 355 KB) Olympic Airbus A340-300 (SX-DFB) landing at London Heathrow Airport, England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1214, 355 KB) Olympic Airbus A340-300 (SX-DFB) landing at London Heathrow Airport, England. ... Olympic Airlines (Ολυμπιακές Αερογραμμές - OA) is the state-run flag carrier of Greece, employing about 1850 people. ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... CFM56-3 CFM56, front view CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ...


The A340-313X is a heavyweight version of the A340, and was first delivered to Singapore Airlines in April 1996, though Singapore Airlines no longer operates this model.


The A340-313E is the latest version of this type and was first delivered to Swiss International in 2003. It has a maximum takeoff weight (MTOW) of 276.5 tonnes with typical range with 295 passengers of between 7,200 and 7,400 nautical miles (13,300 km and 13,700 km). It is powered by the more powerful 34,000 lbf (151 kN) thrust CFMI CFM56-5C4s. This article is about the metric tonne. ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... CFM56-3 CFM56, front view CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ...


The A340-313E is the only model still in production with 219 orders to date of which 211 have been delivered. The largest operator of this type is Lufthansa with 30. US Airways will become the first and only United States operator of the A340 when it takes delivery of its first aircraft in 2009 for service between Charlotte and Philadelphia to Beijing, China. Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the second largest airline in Europe (after Air France - KLM). ... US Airways is an American low-cost airline[1] headquartered in Tempe, Arizona, owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ...


A340-500

Etihad Airways Airbus A340-500

The A340-500 was introduced as the world's longest-range commercial airliner. It made its first flight on 11 February 2002, and was certified on 3 December 2002 with early deliveries to Emirates. While the KC-10 Extender is the longest-ranged production aircraft, the A340-500 was the world's longest-range commercial airliner until the introduction of the Boeing 777-200LR in February 2006. The A340-500 can fly 313 passengers in a three-class cabin layout over 8,650 nautical miles (16,020 km). Singapore Airlines, for example, uses this model, in a 2-class, 181-passenger layout, for its Newark-Singapore nonstop route, a 17-hour, 45-minute "westbound" (really northbound to 70NM abeam the North Pole; then south from there across Russia, Mongolia and China); 18-hour, 30-minute eastbound, 15,345 km (8,285 NM) journey that is the longest scheduled non-stop commercial flight in the world[7]. The A340-500 is capable of travelling non-stop from London to Perth, Australia, though a return flight requires a fuel stop due to headwinds[8]. Also, Thai Airways International flies this model for its non-stop flights from Bangkok to Los Angeles and Bangkok to New York, while Air Canada flew this aircraft from Toronto to Hong Kong. However, Air Canada replaced its two A340-500s with Boeing 777-200LRs on its Toronto-Hong Kong route. Etihad Airways is the most-recent new customer. A total of 33 A340-500's have been ordered by 6 airlines, with 26 delivered as of August, 2007; a true "niche" aircraft. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixels, file size: 3. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (3008 × 2000 pixels, file size: 3. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Emirates (Arabic: الإمارات al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... The KC-10 Extender is an air-to-air tanker aircraft in service with the United States Air Force derived from the civilian DC-10-30 airliner. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engined airliner built by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division. ... Singapore Airlines Limited (Abbreviation: SIA; Chinese: ; pinyin: , abbreviated ; Malay: ; Tamil: ) (SGX: S55) is the national airline of Singapore. ... For the massive interchange outside of Newark Liberty International Airport, see Newark Airport Interchange. ... A non-stop flight in the aviation industry refers to any flight which does not involve any intermediate stops. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Location of Perth within Australia This article is about the metropolitan area of Perth, Western Australia. ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governer Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... This article is about the state. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Etihad Airways (Arabic: الإتحاد, ʼal-Ê»itiħād) is the flag carrier of the United Arab Emirates. ...


Compared with the A340-300, the -500 features a 4.3 m fuselage stretch, an enlarged wing area, massive increase in fuel capacity (around 50% over -300), slightly higher cruising speed, larger horizontal stabilizer and smaller vertical tailplane. The A340-500/-600 has taxi cameras to help the pilots during ground maneuvers. The A340-500 is powered by four 53,000 lbf (236 kN) thrust Rolls-Royce Trent 553 turbofans. Rolls-Royce Trent 900 on A380 prototype Rolls Royce Trent is a family of high bypass turbofan engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce. ...


The A340-500HGW (High Gross Weight) version with a range of 9,000 NM (16,700 km) and an MTOW of 380 tonnes is due to enter service in 2007 with Thai Airways International. It will use the strengthened structure and enlarged fuel capacity of the A340-600HGW. Kingfisher Airlines plan to use this model to operate nonstop flights from India to the United States.[9] The A340-500HGW is powered by four 56,000 lbf (249 kN) thrust Rolls-Royce Trent 556 turbofans. A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft can achieve flight. ... This article is about the metric tonne. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Headquarters Thai Airways International Public Company Limited (Thai: ) (SET: THAI) is the national air carrier of Thailand, operating out of Suvarnabhumi Airport, and is a founding member of the Star Alliance network. ... Kingfisher Airlines Limited is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... Rolls-Royce Trent 900 on A380 prototype Rolls Royce Trent is a family of high bypass turbofan engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce. ...


The largest operator of this type is Emirates, with 10 aircraft in service. Emirates (Arabic: الإمارات al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ...


The direct Boeing equivalent is the 777-200LR, which entered service in February 2006, replacing the A340-500 as the world's longest-range commercial airliner.


A340-600

Designed as an early-generation Boeing 747 replacement, the A340-600 flies 380 passengers in a three-class cabin layout (419 in 2 class) over 7,500 nautical miles (13,900 km). It provides similar passenger capacity to a 747 but with 25% more cargo volume, and at lower trip and seat costs. First flight of the A340-600 was made on 23 April 2001. Virgin Atlantic began commercial services in August 2002. The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd (usually referred to as Virgin Atlantic) is a British airline which is owned by Richard Bransons Virgin Group (51%) and Singapore Airlines (49%). It operates long-haul routes between the United Kingdom and North America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, Asia, and Australia from...

Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340-600 taking off

The A340-600 is more than 10 m longer than a basic -300, making it the longest airliner in the world, more than four metres longer than Boeing's 747-400. It is powered by four 56,000 lbf (249 kN) thrust Rolls-Royce Trent 556 turbofans. It also has an additional four-wheel undercarriage on the fuselage center-line to cope with the increased MTOW. Unlike Boeing aircraft design philosophy, Airbus has made provisions for freeing additional upper deck main cabin space, by providing optional arrangements for additional facilities such as "crew rest areas," "galleys," and "lavatories" upon the "stretched" A340 aircraft's lower decks. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 512 pixelsFull resolution (2131 × 1363 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 512 pixelsFull resolution (2131 × 1363 pixel, file size: 2. ... Virgin Atlantic Airways Ltd. ... Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340. ... The Boeing 747-400 is the latest version of the Boeing 747 in service. ... Rolls-Royce Trent 900 on A380 prototype Rolls Royce Trent is a family of high bypass turbofan engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce. ... Schematic diagram of high-bypass turbofan engine CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ... Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 87s, with fixed conventional landing gear. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft can achieve flight. ... Cabin of a Boeing 737 (Economy class) with typical seating arrangement An aircraft cabin is the section of an aircraft in which passengers travel, often just called the cabin. ... The galley is the compartment of a ship, submarine, train or aircraft where food is cooked and prepared. ... Flush toilet A toilet is a plumbing fixture devised for the disposal of bodily wastes, including urine, feces, methane, semen and vomit. ...


In April 2007, The Times reported that Airbus had advised carriers to reduce cargo in the forward section by five tonnes in order to compensate for overweight first and business class sections. The additional weight causes the aircraft's center of gravity to move forward thus reducing cruise efficiency. Airlines affected by the advisory are considering demanding compensation from Airbus.[10] The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ...


The A340-600HGW (High Gross Weight) version first flew on 18 November 2005[11] and was certified on 14 April 2006.[12] It has an MTOW of 380 tonnes and a range of up to 7,900 NM (14,600 km), made possible by strengthened structure, increased fuel, more powerful engines and new manufacturing techniques like laser beam welding. The A340-600HGW is powered by four 60,000 lbf (267 kN) thrust Rolls-Royce Trent 560 turbofans. is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft can achieve flight. ... Laser beam welding is a technique in manufacturing whereby two or more pieces of material (usually metal) are joined by together through use of a laser beam. ... Rolls-Royce Trent 900 on A380 prototype Rolls Royce Trent is a family of high bypass turbofan engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce. ...


Emirates became the launch customer for the -600HGW when it ordered 18 at the 2003 Paris Air Show[13]; but postponed their order indefinitely and later cancelled. Rival Qatar Airways, which placed its order at the same airshow, took delivery of the first aircraft on 11 September 2006.[14] Emirates (Arabic: الإمارات al-Imārāt) is an airline based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. ... A Mirage 2000-5 at the Paris Air Show The Paris Air Show (Salon International de lAéronautique et de lEspace, Paris-Le Bourget) is an international trade fair for the aerospace business. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is the flag carrier airline of Qatar, based in Doha. ...


Specifications

Measurement A340-200 A340-300 A340-500 A340-600
Cockpit crew Two
Seating capacity 239 (3-class) 295 (3-class) 313 (3-class) 380 (3-class)
Length 59.39 m
194 ft 10 in
63.60 m
208 ft 10 in
67.90 m
222 ft 8 in
75.30 m
246 ft 11 in
Wingspan 60.30 m
197 ft 1 in
63.45 m
208 ft 2 in
Wing Sweepback 30° 31.1°
Height 16.70 m
54 ft 9 in
16.85 m
55 ft 3 in
17.10 m
56 ft 1 in
17.30 m
56 ft 9 in
Cabin Width 5.28 m (17.3 ft)
Wheelbase 23.24 m
76 ft 3 in
25.60 m
84 ft 0 in
27.59 m
90 ft 6 in
32.89 m
107 ft 11 in
Typical empty weight 129,000 kg
284,396 lb
129,275 kg
295,503 lb
170,400 kg
375,668 lb
177,000 kg
390,218 lb
Maximum take-off weight 275,000 kg
606,300 lb
276,500 kg
609,600 lb
380,000 kg
837,800 lb
380,000 kg
837,800 lb
Cruising speed .82 (484 kn, 896 km/h, 557 mph) M .83 (490 kn, 907 km/h, 564 mph)
Max. speed M .86[15]
Take off run at MTOW 2,990 m
9,810 ft
3,000 m
9,840 ft
3,050 m
10,000 ft
3,100 m
10,170 ft
Range fully loaded 14,800 km 8,000 NM 13,700 km 7,400 NM 16,700 km 9,000 NM 14,600 km 7,900 NM
Max. fuel capacity 155,040 L 40,957 gal 140,640 L 37,153 gal 222,000 L 58,646 gal 204,500 L 54,023 gal
Cargo capacity 18 LD3s/6 pallets 30 LD3s/10 pallets 32 LD3s/11 pallets 42 LD3s/14 pallets
Service Ceiling 11,887 m (39,000 ft)
Engines (4x) CFM56-5C2 (138.78kN)
CFM56-5C3 (144.57kN)
CFM56-5C4 (151.25kN)
CFM56-5C2 (138.78kN)
CFM56-5C3 (144.57kN)
CFM56-5C4 (151.25kN)
CFM56-5C4P (149.9kN)
Trent 553 (236kN) Trent 556 (249kN)

A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The pound or pound-mass (abbreviations: lb, , lbm, or sometimes in the United States: #) is a unit of mass (sometimes called weight in everyday parlance) in a number of different systems, including the imperial and US and older English systems. ... A knot is a unit of speed abbreviated kt or kn. ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... An F/A-18 Hornet breaking the sound barrier. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft can achieve flight. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... The gallon (abbreviation: gal) is a unit of volume. ... CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... Rolls-Royce Trent 900 on A380 prototype Rolls Royce Trent is a family of high bypass turbofan engines manufactured by Rolls-Royce. ...

A340 deliveries

By the end of March 2007 a total of 405 A340s had been ordered and 342 delivered.

2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991
5 24 24 28 33 16 22 19 20 24 33 28 19 25 22 0 0

Notable incidents

As of 15 November 2007, the A340 has not had a fatal incident to date; it has suffered 4 hull-loss accidents and one further accident of yet unknown outcome: Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x1019, 962 KB) Summary Air France Flight 358 at Toronto Pearson International Airport outside Toronto, Canada Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Air France Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1280x1019, 962 KB) Summary Air France Flight 358 at Toronto Pearson International Airport outside Toronto, Canada Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Air France Metadata This... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... Panoramic picture of the aftermath of Flight 358 Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340 airliner, departed Paris without incident at 11:53 UTC August 2, 2005, later touching down on runway 24L-06R at Toronto Pearson International Airport at 20:01 UTC (16:01 EDT). ... YYZ redirects here. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... ...

is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... Charles de Gaulle International Airport (IATA: CDG, ICAO: LFPG) (French: ), also known as Roissy Airport (or just Roissy in French), in Paris, is one of worlds principal aviation centres, as well as Frances main international airport. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... SriLankan Airlines Limited (previously known as Air Lanka) is the national carrier of Sri Lanka. ... This article is about Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. ... A suicide attack is an attack on a military or civilian target, in which an attacker intends to kill others, and knows that they will either certainly or most likely die in the process (see suicide). ... Bandaranaike International Airport (IATA: CMB, ICAO: VCBI) is Sri Lankas only international airport. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... Panoramic picture of the aftermath of Flight 358 Air France Flight 358, an Airbus A340 airliner, departed Paris without incident at 11:53 UTC August 2, 2005, later touching down on runway 24L-06R at Toronto Pearson International Airport at 20:01 UTC (16:01 EDT). ... YYZ redirects here. ... A thunderstorm, also called an electrical storm or lightning storm, is a form of weather characterized by the presence of lightning and its attendant thunder produced from a cumulonimbus cloud. ... Etobicoke Creek is one of the many creeks running through Toronto, Ontario and the Toronto Area into Lake Ontario, often characterised by their winding paths through deep ravines and distinctive shale banks. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Airbus A321-200 Iberia Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A., (IBEX-35:IBLA) (Iberia Airlines of Spain in English), usually shortened to Iberia, is the largest airline of Spain, based in Madrid and is the Spanish flag carrier. ... Mariscal Sucre International Airport (IATA: UIO, ICAO: SEQU) is an airport in Quito, Ecuador, named after Antonio José de Sucre, a hero of Ecuadorian and Latin American independence. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Airbus S.A.S. is a commercial aircraft manufacturer based in Toulouse, France. ... Toulouse Blagnac International Airport (IATA: TLS, ICAO: LFBO) is located in the south of France. ... Etihad Airways (Arabic: الإتحاد, ʼal-Ê»itiħād) is the flag carrier of the United Arab Emirates. ...

External links

Quito Crash 9th November 2007 [1] Google Video logo Google Video is a free video sharing and video search engine service from Google that allows anyone to upload video clips to Googles web servers as well as make their own media available free of charge; some videos are also offered for sale through the Google...


References

  1. ^ http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a330a340/a330-200/specifications.html
  2. ^ http://www.aviationpast.com/A330.html
  3. ^ http://www.stevesairshow.com/factfile/a330.html
  4. ^ http://www.flug-revue.rotor.com/FRheft/FRH0002/FR0002d.htm
  5. ^ http://www.aircraft-photos.net/Airbus_A330.aspx
  6. ^ Aviation Week & Space Technology, October 29, 2007, p. 63
  7. ^ "Singapore Air makes longest flight", CNN. 
  8. ^ "Record Longest Flight Flies in the Face of Its Critics", Guardian, 2004-06-29. Retrieved on 2006-08-06. 
  9. ^ Kingfisher Purchases Five Airbus A340-500 flykingfisher.com
  10. ^ Carriers ponder compensation claims against Airbus for overweight aircraft (2007-04-07). Retrieved on 2007-04-07.
  11. ^ New A340-600 takes to the skies (2005-11-18). Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  12. ^ Newly certified A340-600 brings 18% higher productivity (2006-04-14). Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  13. ^ Emirates orders 41 additional Airbus aircraft (2003-06-16). Retrieved on 2006-08-06.
  14. ^ Qatar Airways First Airbus A340-600 Arrives In Doha. www.qatarairways.com
  15. ^ http://www.airbus.com/en/aircraftfamilies/a330a340/a340-600/specifications.html
  16. ^ 10 injured aboard plane in ground test.
  17. ^ Toulouse accident occurred as Airbus A340 was exiting engine test-pen.

Aviation Week & Space Technology (often abbreviated as Aviation Week or AW&ST) is a weekly magazine. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 322nd day of the year (323rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 104th day of the year (105th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Related content

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Airbus A340

Related development

Comparable aircraft

  • Boeing 777
  • McDonnell Douglas MD-11
  • Ilyushin Il-96

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The McDonnell Douglas MD-11 is an American three-engine medium to long-range widebody airliner, with two engines mounted on underwing pylons and a third engine at the base of the vertical stabilizer. ... The Ilyushin Il-96 is a four-engined long-range Russian widebody airliner. ...

Related lists

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Airbus A340 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1875 words)
The Airbus A340 is a long-range four-engined widebody commercial passenger airplane manufactured by Airbus.
The first published studies for the A340 were as the TA11 in 1981, in the November issue of Air International (coinciding with the display of the A300 at that year's Farnborough Air Show).
Airbus' engineers designed the A340 in parallel with the twin-engined A330: both aircraft share the same wing and similar fuselage structure, and borrow heavily from the advanced avionics developed for the A320.
Airbus Beluga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (662 words)
The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga is a version of the standard Airbus A300 wide-body airliner, modified to carry aircraft parts and over-sized or awkward cargo.
Airbus, however, is unique in that it is a consortium formed by the major French, British, German, and Spanish aerospace companies, and the geographic location of Airbus manufacturing is not merely a matter of cost and convenience, it is also a matter of history, national interest and pride.
The starting point was the design for the wide-body twin-engined Airbus A300: the wings, engines, landing gear, and the lower part of the fuselage are the same as the A300 while the upper part of the fuselage is an enormous horseshoe-shaped structure 7.7 metres in diameter.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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