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Encyclopedia > Airbus A320
Airbus A320 family

A300 · A310 · A320 · A330 · A340 · A350 · A380 The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner manufactured by EADS (Airbus S.A.S.). It was developed at the same time as the four-engined A340. ... The Airbus A340 is a long-range four-engined widebody commercial passenger airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. a subsidiary of EADS. It is similar in design to the twin-engined A330. ... “A350” redirects here. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engined airliner manufactured by EADS (Airbus S.A.S.). It is the largest passenger airliner in the world. ...

A bmi A320-200
Type Airliner
Manufacturer EADS (Airbus S.A.S.)
Maiden flight 1987-02-22
Introduced 1988-03-28 with Air France
Status Active service
Primary users US Airways (196)
United Airlines (152)
Air France (147)
Northwest Airlines (139)
Number built 3,123 as of June 2007[1]
Unit cost 55-66 million[citation needed]

The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. An Airbus A320-200 of British Midland Airways (G-MIDT) on the approach to London (Heathrow) Airport. ... bmi is a scheduled airline based in the United Kingdom. ... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... Airbus S.A.S. is the aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS N.V., a pan-European aerospace concern. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 87th day of the year (88th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ... US Airways is an American low-cost airline headquartered in Tempe, Arizona, owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota near Minneapolis-St. ... Look up aircraft in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Airbus S.A.S. is the aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS N.V., a pan-European aerospace concern. ...


First delivered in 1988, the A320 pioneered the use of digital fly-by-wire flight control systems in a commercial aircraft. With more than 3000 aircraft of the A320 family built, it is the second best selling jet airliner family of all time, after the family's primary competition, the Boeing 737. A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The basic fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ...

Contents

Development

Background

After the initial success of the A300, Airbus began developing a new model aimed at replacing the world's most popular aircraft at the time, the Boeing 727. The new Airbus would be of the same size, yet offer improved operating economics and various passenger capacities. The digital technology in the A320 would herald a two-generation technological leap over the all-analog Boeing 727 and be a generation ahead of the Boeing 737-300/-400/-500 series. The A320 was targeted at the global fleet replacement requirements for the 727 and early variants of the 737. The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... The Boeing 727 is a mid-size, narrow-body, three-engine commercial jet airliner. ...

The planform of an A320 is well shown on this Finnair A320-200 takeoff
The planform of an A320 is well shown on this Finnair A320-200 takeoff

After the oil price rises of the 1970s, Airbus needed to minimise the trip fuel costs of the A320. To that end, Airbus incorporated advanced features including fly-by-wire flight control, composite primary structures, centre-of-gravity control using fuel, glass cockpit (EFIS) and a two-person flight deck. The end result was that the A320 consumes 50% less fuel than the 727. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1530x1051, 568 KB) Finnair Airbus A320-200 (OH-LXB) takes off from London Heathrow Airport, England. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1530x1051, 568 KB) Finnair Airbus A320-200 (OH-LXB) takes off from London Heathrow Airport, England. ... A planform or plan view is a vertical orthographic projection of an object on a horizontal plane, like a map. ... Finnair Airbus A320-200 Finnair MD-11, decorated with Moomin characters Finnair is Finlands largest airline and the national flag carrier. ... A Ryanair Boeing 737 takes off from Bristol International Airport, England Takeoff is the phase of flight where an aircraft transitions from moving along the ground (taxiing) to flying in the air (see flight), usually on a runway. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Electronic Flight Information Systems are systems where primary flight and navigational data in an aircraft is displayed on an electronic system, normally a liquid-crystal display. ...


Production

Components from various Airbus plants are transported to the final assembly plant at Hamburg Finkenwerder for the A318/A319/A321 and to Toulouse Blagnac for the A320. Nearly all assemblies are moved using Airbus' A300-600ST 'Beluga' outsized transporters. Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport (IATA: XFW, ICAO: EDHI) is an airport near Hamburg, Germany. ... Toulouse Blagnac International Airport (IATA: TLS, ICAO: LFBO) is located in the south of France. ... The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga is a version of the standard Airbus A300 wide-body airliner, modified to carry aircraft parts and over-sized or awkward cargo. ...


The Airbus A320s sold to China to be delivered between 2009 and 2012 will be assembled in the People's Republic of China in Tianjin.[2] [3] Airbus intends to relocate Toulouse A320 final assembly activity to Hamburg as part of its Power8 organization plan begun under ex-CEO Christian Streiff.[4]   (Chinese: ; pinyin: TiānjÄ«n; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Christian Streiff is the CEO of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus S.A.S., he was nominated to this position on 2nd July 2006. ...


The A320 family has the highest production rate ever for any commercial airliner. In response to continuing strong demand, Airbus continues its steady production ramp-up programme from 30 aircraft per month reached at the end of 2006, to 32 in early 2007, 34 in March 2008, 36 in December 2008, 38 in mid 2009 and 40 by the end of 2009. Tianjin production is included in these numbers.[5]


Design

Swiss International Air Lines's A320 family of jets taking off at Zürich International Airport.
Swiss International Air Lines's A320 family of jets taking off at Zürich International Airport.

Compared to other airliners of the same class, the A320 features a wider single-aisle cabin and larger overhead bins along with fly-by-wire technology. In addition, the aircraft has a spacious cargo hold equipped with large doors to assist in expedient loading and unloading of goods. These features have resulted in orders from airlines including Northwest Airlines (launch customer for United States), United Airlines, and British Airways. The A320's low maintenance and operating costs have also appealed to low-cost carriers, such as JetBlue with orders and options for up to 233 of the A320 family. Other low-cost carriers with significant orders include Kingfisher Airlines, IndiGo Airlines, EasyJet, Frontier Airlines, Tiger Airways, Cebu Pacific Air and AirAsia. Image File history File links Airbus-SWISS.jpg‎ Beschreibung: Airbus-«Familie» am Flughafen Zürich Quelle: Fotografiert am 10. ... Image File history File links Airbus-SWISS.jpg‎ Beschreibung: Airbus-«Familie» am Flughafen Zürich Quelle: Fotografiert am 10. ... Swiss International Air Lines (short: Swiss) is the principal airline of Switzerland operating scheduled services in Europe and to North America, South America, Africa and Asia. ... Arrivals Lounge Interior of airport terminal Zürich International Airport (IATA: ZRH, ICAO: LSZH) also called Kloten Airport, is located at in Kloten, canton of Zürich, Switzerland and managed by Unique Airport. ... Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota near Minneapolis-St. ... United Airlines, also known as United Air Lines, Inc. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... jetBlue Airways (NASDAQ: JBLU) is an American low-cost airline. ... Kingfisher Airlines is an airline based in Bangalore, India. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... easyJet (LSE: EZJ) is a low cost airline officially known as easyJet Airline Company Limited, based at London Luton Airport. ... For the similar named Frontier Flying Service see Frontier Flying Service. ... Tiger Airways Private Limited is a low-cost airline based in Singapore, with its primary hub at Singapore Changi Airport. ... Cebu Pacific is one of the newest airline companies operating in the Philippines following the deregulation of the airline industry in 1994 and is the countrys second largest airline after Philippine Airlines. ... AirAsia is a low-cost airline based in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ...


The A320 features a computerised on-board maintenance system. The avionics system is designed for easy upgrade without major rework. With the exception of the very earliest A320s, most can be upgraded to the latest avionics standards, keeping the aircraft advanced even after almost two decades in service.


The flight deck is equipped with EFIS with sidestick controllers. At the time of the aircraft's introduction, the behavior of the fly-by-wire system (equipped with full flight envelope protection) was a new experience for many pilots. Electronic Flight Information Systems are systems where primary flight and navigational data in an aircraft is displayed on an electronic system, normally a liquid-crystal display. ...


Two suppliers provide turbofan engines for the A320 series: CFM International with their CFM56, and International Aero Engines, offering the V2500. Schematic diagram of high-bypass turbofan engine CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... CFM56-3 CFM56, front view CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... An Airbus A320-232 with V2500 engines IAE International Aero Engines AG is a Zürich-registered joint venture formed in 1983. ... Categories: Stub | Turbofan engines ...


Technology

The Airbus A320 family is the first to fully feature the glass cockpit and digital fly-by-wire flight control system in a civil airliner. The only analogue instruments are the RMI and brake pressure indicator.
The Airbus A320 family is the first to fully feature the glass cockpit and digital fly-by-wire flight control system in a civil airliner. The only analogue instruments are the RMI and brake pressure indicator.

Technology used in the A320 includes: Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 100 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Airbus A320 Glass cockpit ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 100 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Airbus A320 Glass cockpit ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The basic fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ...

  • The first fully digital fly-by-wire flight control system in a civil airliner.
  • Fully glass cockpit rather than the hybrid versions found in aircraft such as the A310, Boeing 757 and Boeing 767.
  • The first narrowbody airliner with a significant amount of the structure made from composites.
  • The ECAM (Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitoring) concept, which is included in all Airbus aircraft produced after the A320. This system constantly displays information concerning the aircraft's engines, as well as other key systems such as flight controls, pneumatics and hydraulics, to the pilots on the two LCD displays in the centre of the flightdeck.
  • Airbus recently has started installing LCD (liquid crystal display) units in the flight deck of its new A318, A319, A320, and A321 flight decks instead of the original CRT (cathode ray tube) displays. These include the main displays and the backup artificial horizon, which was an analog display prior to this. LCDs weigh less and produce less heat than CRT displays.
  • Even though the A320 family is technologically advanced, the computers at the heart of the aircraft are built around CPUs roughly equivalent to the Intel 8086.[citation needed] While these chips may not offer anywhere near the power of modern processors, they are incredibly stable, and allow engineers to examine literally decades of information related to their operation.

A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The basic fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Airbus A310 is a short to medium range widebody airliner developed from the Airbus A300 and manufactured by Airbus Industrie. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium haul commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... A cloth of woven carbon fiber filaments, a common element in composite materials Composite materials (or composites for short) are engineered materials made from two or more constituent materials with significantly different physical or chemical properties and which remain separate and distinct within the finished structure. ... First introduced by Airbus in the A320, ECAM (Electronic Centralised Aircraft Monitor) is a system that monitors aircraft functions and relays them to the pilots. ... LCD redirects here. ... Cathode ray tube employing electromagnetic focus and deflection Cutaway rendering of a color CRT Electron guns Electron beams Focusing coils Deflection coils Anode connection Mask for separating beams for red, green, and blue part of displayed image Phosphor layer with red, green, and blue zones Close-up of the phosphor... This article or section should be merged with Attitude indicator The term Artificial Horizon is used to describe devices that can indicate the position of the horizon when it is not possible to see the actual horizon. ... The intels 8086 was the first one launched in 1978. ...

New winglets

An Airbus A320 of Air Blue in Karachi.
An Airbus A320 of Air Blue in Karachi.

In 2006, Airbus tested three styles of winglet, intended to counteract the wing’s induced drag and wingtip vortices more effectively than the previous wingtip fence. Adoption of the new winglets was expected to reduce fuel consumption by one to two percent. The first design type to be tested was developed by Airbus and was based on work done by the AWIATOR program. The second type of winglet used a more blended design and was created by Winglet Technology LLC, a company based in Wichita, Kansas as well as the third type. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x703, 130 KB) Summary The Airblue A320 is ready to depart Quaid-e-Azam International Airport, Karachi. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x703, 130 KB) Summary The Airblue A320 is ready to depart Quaid-e-Azam International Airport, Karachi. ... Airblue is a private airline based at Karachi, Pakistan. ... Karachi (Urdu: كراچى, Sindhi: ڪراچي) is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the largest city in Pakistan. ... Rutan VariEze, the first aircraft to use winglets in 1975 Learjet 28/29, the first production jet aircraft to use winglets in 1977 McDonnell Douglas MD-11, the first mainline airliner to feature winglets in 1990 Wingtip devices are usually intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft. ... In aerodynamics, lift-induced drag, or more simply, induced drag, is a drag force arising from the generation of lift by wings or a lifting body during flight. ... Wingtip vortices stream from an F-15E as it disengages from a KC-10 Extender following midair refueling. ... Rutan VariEze, the first aircraft to use winglets in 1975 Learjet 28/29, the first production jet aircraft to use winglets in 1977 McDonnell Douglas MD-11, the first mainline airliner to feature winglets in 1990 Wingtip devices are usually intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft. ...


Two airplanes were used in the flight test evaluation campaign. F-WWBA, the first A320 produced, has been retained by Airbus for testing, and was fitted with both the first type and second type of winglets.[6][7] JetBlue Airways provided the second aircraft, retrofitted by Airbus with both types of winglets.[8][9] JetBlue Airways is an American low-cost airline owned by JetBlue Airways Corporation (NASDAQ: JBLU). ...


Despite the anticipated efficiency gains and development work, Airbus announced that the new winglets will not be offered to customers, claiming that the weight of the modifications required would negate any aerodynamic benefits.[10] In addition, the change in forces from winglets add additional stress to the wing which would require long-term study to determine if structural integrity is compromised.


Operational service

The JAA issued the type certificate for the A320 on 26 February 1988. After entering the market in March 1988 with Air France, Airbus expanded the A320 family rapidly, launching the 185-seat A321 in 1989, the 124-seat A319 in 1993, and the 107-seat A318 in 1999. The Joint Aviation Authorities, or JAA, is the predominant regulatory body for aviation in Europe. ... A Type Certificate (sometimes called Airworthiness Certificate), is awarded by aviation regulating bodies (such as FAA in US and EASA in EU) to aerospace firms after it has been established that the particular design of aircraft, engines or propeller submitted has fulfilled the regulating bodies current prevailing airworthiness requirements for... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ...


Competition

The Airbus A320 family have appealed to many low-cost carriers, such as EasyJet, directly rivaling the Boeing 737.
The Airbus A320 family have appealed to many low-cost carriers, such as EasyJet, directly rivaling the Boeing 737.

The A320 family was developed to compete against the Boeing 737 Classics (-300/-400/-500) and the McDonnell Douglas MD-80/90 series, and has since faced challenges from the Boeing 737 Next-Generation (-600/-700/-800/-900) and the Boeing 717 during its almost two decades in service. As of February 2006, the only remaining competitor to the larger A320 variants is the Boeing 737 Next-Generation series, as the other models have ceased production. Embraer's 195 jet is also a major competitor to the A318. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x683, 522 KB) Summary Copyright Tom Collins. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x683, 522 KB) Summary Copyright Tom Collins. ... easyJet (LSE: EZJ) is a low cost airline officially known as easyJet Airline Company Limited, based at London Luton Airport. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... Embraer, the Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica S.A. is a Brazilian aircraft manufacturer. ... The Embraer E-Jets are a series of narrowbody, twin-engined, medium range, jet airliners, produced in Brazil. ...


Airbus has shipped 3,092 A318/A319/A320/A321s since its certification/first delivery in early 1988, with another 1,984 on firm order (30 April 2007).[1] Boeing has shipped 5,379 737s since late 1967 with a further 1,557 on firm order (30 April 2007). [11] Based on these figures Airbus delivered on average 160 A320 series aircraft per annum, compared to 133 for Boeing's 737. Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Boeing. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...


Airbus is studying a replacement for the A320 series, tentatively dubbed NSR, for "New Short-Range aircraft.[12] The Airbus NSR is a new project to competete with the Boeing Y1. ...


Variants

Air France was the launch customer of the Airbus A320.
Air France was the launch customer of the Airbus A320.
One of Cebu Pacific's A320-200 jets at Legazpi City Airport, Philippines.
One of Cebu Pacific's A320-200 jets at Legazpi City Airport, Philippines.

The A320 has given rise to a family of aircraft which share a common design but are slightly smaller (the A319), significantly smaller (the A318), or slightly larger (the A321). Passenger capacity ranges from 100 to 220. They compete with the Boeing 737, 757-200, and 717. All have the same pilot type-rating. Air France Airbus A320-200 (F-GKXH) landing at London (Heathrow) Airport Taken in May 2004 by Adrian Pingstone and released to the public domain. ... Air France Airbus A320-200 (F-GKXH) landing at London (Heathrow) Airport Taken in May 2004 by Adrian Pingstone and released to the public domain. ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Cebu Pacific Air is a low-cost airline based in Pasay City, Manila, the Philippines. ... The City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Filipino: Lungsod ng Legazpi) is a first class city in the province of Albay, Philippines. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium haul commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner. ...


Technically, the name "A320" only refers to the original mid-sized aircraft, but it is often informally used to indicate any of the A318/A319/A320/A321 family. All variants are able to be ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) certified. ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) is an acronym for an International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) rule permitting twin-engined commercial air transports to fly routes that, at some points, are further than a distance of 60 minutes flying time from an emergency or diversion airport. ...


A320

The A320 series has two variants, the A320-100 and A320-200. The A320-200 is the definitive version as only 21 A320-100s were ever produced; these aircraft, the first to be manufactured, were delivered only to Air France and British Airways (as a result of an order by British Caledonian Airways made prior to its acquisition by British Airways) and are the only A320s that lack the distinctive "wingtip fences". The A320-200 features wingtip fences and increased fuel capacity over the A320-100 for increased range, other than that differences are minimal. Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ...


Typical range with 150 passengers for the A320-200 is about 2,900 nautical miles (5,400 km). It is powered by two CFMI CFM56-5 or IAE V2500 with thrust ratings between 25,500 to 27,000 pounds force (113 kN to 120 kN). Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... CFM56-3 CFM56, front view CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... Categories: Stub | Turbofan engines ...


The direct Boeing competitor is the 737-800. The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ...


A319

A British Airways Airbus A319 landing at London Heathrow Airport.
A British Airways Airbus A319 landing at London Heathrow Airport.
easyJet Airbus A319-100 cabin, in flight
easyJet Airbus A319-100 cabin, in flight

This is a shortened, minimum change version of the A320. With virtually same fuel capacity as the A320-200, and fewer passengers, the range with 124 passengers in 2-class configuration extends to 3,900 nautical miles (7,200 km), the highest in its class. The A320 and A319 are the most popular variants of the A320 family. In 2003 easyJet took delivery of A319s with smaller galleys (as easyJet does not serve meals) and 156 seats in a single class configuration. To satisfy evacuation regulations additional over-wing exits were included. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1526x1041, 762 KB) British Airways Airbus A319-100 (G-EUPU) landing at London Heathrow Airport, England. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1526x1041, 762 KB) British Airways Airbus A319-100 (G-EUPU) landing at London Heathrow Airport, England. ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... “LHR” redirects here. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 2. ... easyJet (LSE: EZJ) is a low cost airline officially known as easyJet Airline Company Limited, based at London Luton Airport. ... easyJet (LSE: EZJ) is a low cost airline officially known as easyJet Airline Company Limited, based at London Luton Airport. ...


The direct Boeing competitor is the 737-700. The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ...


The large easyJet order of 120 A319s plus 120 options was among the biggest aircraft sales deals in recent times, rivaled only by chief competitor Ryanair's order for Boeing 737 aircraft. Ryanair (ISEQ: RYA, LSE: RYA, NASDAQ: RYAAY) is an Irish airline headquartered in Dublin; however, its biggest operational base is at London Stansted Airport. ...


It is powered by the same types of engine as the A320. JAA certification and service entry, with Swissair, took place in April 1996. The Joint Aviation Authorities, or JAA, is the predominant regulatory body for aviation in Europe. ... Swissair (Swiss Air Transport Company Limited) is the former national airline of Switzerland. ...


Northwest Airlines holds the record for the shortest scheduled A319 service from Bishop International Airport in Flint, MI to Detroit's Detroit Metro Airport, a distance of about 57 miles (91 km). Northwest Airlines (NYSE: NWA), occasionally known as NWA, is an American airline headquartered in Eagan, Minnesota near Minneapolis-St. ... Bishop International Airport (IATA: FNT, ICAO: KFNT) is a commercial airport located 3 miles (5 km) southwest of the city of Flint in Genesee County, Michigan, USA. It is currently the third busiest airport in the state. ... Flint, Michigan is a city in Genesee County along the Flint River about 60 miles northwest of Detroit. ... Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County Airport (IATA:DTW, ICAO:KDTW), also called Detroit Metro Airport, is an airport in Romulus, Michigan, near Detroit, Michigan, and is a major hub for Northwest Airlines. ...


A319CJ


This is the corporate jet version of the A319. It incorporates extra fuel tanks which are installed in the cargo compartment giving a range of 6,500 nautical miles (12,000 km). Upon resale the aircraft can be reconfigured as a standard A319 by removing its extra tanks, thus maximizing its resale value. It is also known as the ACJ, or Airbus Corporate Jet.


The A319 is used by the Escadron de transport, d'entraînement et de calibrage which is in charge of transportation for France's officials. Since 2003, an ACJ is the main presidential aircraft of Brazil, Venezuela, Thailand, Czech Republic, Malaysia,. The Escadron de transport, dentraînement et de calibrage (ETEC, Transportation, training and calibration squadron) is a unit of the French Air Force, under direct command of the Minister of Defence. ...

The DaimlerChrysler Aviation Airbus A319CJ.
The DaimlerChrysler Aviation Airbus A319CJ.

The aircraft seats up to 39 passengers but may be outfitted by the customers into any configuration. DaimlerChrysler, Reliance Industries and PrivatAir are among its users. The A319CJ competes with other corporate jets such as the Gulfstream V, the Boeing 737-700 based Boeing Business Jet (BBJ), and Bombardier's Global Express. It is powered by the same engine types as the A320. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x800, 645 KB) Beschreibung DaimlerChrysler Aviation Airbus Corporate Jetliner Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Airbus A320 ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1200x800, 645 KB) Beschreibung DaimlerChrysler Aviation Airbus Corporate Jetliner Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Airbus A320 ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... DaimlerChrysler AG (ISIN: DE0007100000) is a German car corporation and the worlds fifth largest car manufacturer. ... Reliance Industries (NSE: RELIANCE) is Indias largest private sector company with a turnover of US $19. ... PrivatAir is an airline based in Geneva, Switzerland, specializing in scheduled and charter flights using mid-sized, long-range, all premium class jets. ... The Gulfstream G500 is a private jet aircraft produced by Gulfstream Aerospace, Savannah, Georgia, USA, a General Dynamics company. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing Business Jet series are factory conversions of Boeing airliners for the corporate jet market, historically the 737 series airliners. ... logo Bombardier Inc. ... The Bombardier BD-700 Global Express is an ultra long range corporate and VIP high speed jet which has also been modified for military missions. ...


A319LR


This version features an all-business class layout with 48 seats, specifically tailored for exclusive business class services on intercontinental routes. The A319LR, compared to the A319CJ, has four auxiliary fuel tanks instead of six. Typical range is 4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km).


Lufthansa and Air France operates a premium business service between Europe and the USA using a fleet of A319LRs operated by the French Aero Services and the Swiss PrivatAir. However, Qatar Airways fit their A319LRs with standard seatings with 110 seats. Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Germany, and the second-largest in Europe (behind Air France-KLM, but before British Airways). ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ... PrivatAir is an airline based in Geneva, Switzerland, specializing in scheduled and charter flights using mid-sized, long-range, all premium class jets. ... Qatar Airways (Arabic: القطرية) is an airline based in Doha, Qatar. ...


The closest Boeing equivalent is the 737-700ER. The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ...


A321

A Lufthansa A321-131 in 1950s Lufthansa livery (the "Retrojet")

This is a lengthened, minimum change version of the A320. The wing area is slightly enlarged and the undercarriage is strengthened, and higher thrust variants of either the CFM56 or the V2500 are used. The A321's closest Boeing equivalents are the 737-900/-900ER and the 757-200, though the A321 lacks the 757's and the 737's transatlantic flight range and "hot and high" operation capabilities due to less powerful engines. Type certification was awarded in December 1993 by the JAA. Image File history File links Airbus_A321-131_-_Lufthansa_-_D-AIRX.jpg Beschreibung Lufthansa Airbus A321-131 Retrojet in Munich photographer: Derese. ... Image File history File links Airbus_A321-131_-_Lufthansa_-_D-AIRX.jpg Beschreibung Lufthansa Airbus A321-131 Retrojet in Munich photographer: Derese. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Germany, and the second-largest in Europe (behind Air France-KLM, but before British Airways). ... Rather unusually, these Angels wear white hart (deer) badges, with the personal livery of King Richard II of England, who commissioned this, the Wilton diptych, about 1400 A livery is a uniform or other sign worn in a non-military context on a person or object (such as an airplane... A Lufthansa Airbus A321 in a retrojet livery Heritage Aircraft is a term applied to both old aircraft from preceding generations[1] with correct period livery as well as to current in service aircraft painted in a historic livery, sometimes called a retrojet. ... Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 87s, with fixed conventional landing gear. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium haul commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... Transatlantic flight is any flight of an aircraft, whether fixed-wing aircraft, balloon or other device, which involves crossing the Atlantic Ocean -- with a starting point in North America or South America and ending in Europe or Africa, or vice versa. ... In aviation, hot and high is the ability of an airplane to operate safely from airports in very warm climates or very high elevations. ... The Joint Aviation Authorities, or JAA, is the predominant regulatory body for aviation in Europe. ...


Typical range with 186 passengers for the A321-100 is about 2,300 nautical miles (4,300 km). It is powered by two CFM56-5 or IAE V2500 engines with a thrust rating of 31,000 pounds force (138 kN).


The A321-200 has extra fuel capacity bringing the range with 186 passengers up to about 3,000 nautical miles (5,500 km). The A321-200 is powered by two CFM56-5 or IAE V2500 engines with a thrust rating of about 33,000 pounds force (147 kN).


A318

The Airbus A318, in Airbus's new corporate livery in FIDAE in Santiago de Chile.
The Airbus A318, in Airbus's new corporate livery in FIDAE in Santiago de Chile.
A TAROM Romanian Airbus A318 at Bucharest Otopeni Airport

The A318, also known as the "Mini-Airbus" or "baby 'bus", is the smallest member of the A320 family. It originated from the AVIC1 and AIA cooperation program AE31X[13][14]. During development, it was known as the "A319M3," thus indicating its history as a direct derivative of the A319. "M3" indicates "minus three fuselage frames." The aircraft is six metres shorter and 14 tonnes lighter than the A319. Pilots who are trained on the other A320 variants may fly the A318 with no further certification, since it features the same type rating as its sister aircraft. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (819x614, 425 KB) Summary Foto tomada durante FIDAE 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Airbus A320 ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (819x614, 425 KB) Summary Foto tomada durante FIDAE 2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Airbus A320 ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1137x487, 113 KB) source: RO Wikipedia Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1137x487, 113 KB) source: RO Wikipedia Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... TAROM is the flag carrier airline of Romania. ... Henri Coandă International Airport (Romanian: Aeroportul InternaÅ£ional Henri Coandă) (IATA: OTP, ICAO: LROP) is the largest airport in Romania, as well as one of two airports serving Bucharest (The other airport is Băneasa Aurel Vlaicu International Airport). ... Village of Aia, Gipuzkoa Province Aia (pronounced eye-a) is a small village situated on the slopes of Mount Pagoeta in the Basque Province of Gipuzkoa, Spain. ...


The A318 has a passenger capacity of 109 in a two-class configuration. It is intended to replace early Boeing 737 and Douglas DC-9 models, though it is also a rival to the 737-600. Boeing also offered their 717 aircraft as a competitor, although it was suitable primarily for regional routes and did not have the A318's range capabilities. The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Douglas DC-9 is a twin-engined jet airliner, first manufactured in 1965 and, in much modified form and under a succession of different names. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner. ...


The A318 is available with a variety of different maximum take-off weights (MTOW) ranging from a 59 tonne, 2,750 km (1,500 nautical mile) base model to a 68 tonne, 6,000 km (3,250 nautical mile) version. The lower MTOW enables it to operate regional routes economically whilst sacrificing range and the higher MTOW allows it to complement other members of the A320 family on marginal routes. The lighter weight of the A318 gives it an operating range 10% greater than the A320, allowing it to serve some routes that the A320 would be unable to: London-Jerusalem and Singapore-Tokyo, for instance. Its main use for airlines, however, is on short, low-density hops between medium cities. In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Jerusalem (disambiguation). ...   , literally Eastern capital) is a unique subnational administrative region of Japan with characteristics of both a prefecture and a city. ... An Airbus A380 of Emirates Airline An airline provides air transport services for passengers or freight. ...


During the design process, the A318 ran into several problems. The first one was the decline in demand for new aircraft following the September 11, 2001 attacks. Another one was the new Pratt & Whitney turbofan engines, which burned more fuel than expected: by the time CFMI had a more efficient engine ready for market, many A318 customers had already backed out, including Air China and British Airways. America West Airlines, which had selected the Pratt & Whitney engines, amended its A318 orders, opting instead for A319 or A320 aircraft. Trans World Airlines canceled a significant order for 50 A318 after being acquired by American Airlines, which does not operate any A320 family aircraft (although, neither did TWA when the order was originally placed). While Airbus was hoping to market the A318 as a regional jet alternative, laws in both the U.S. and Europe have kept it in the same class as larger aircraft for calculating landing fees and the like, so regional operators have avoided it. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Pratt & Whitney is an American aircraft engine manufacturer whose products are widely used in both civil and military aircraft. ... Schematic diagram of high-bypass turbofan engine CFM56-3 turbofan, lower half, side view. ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... Not to be confused with China Airlines, the national airline of the Republic of China (Taiwan). ... For the 1930s airline of similar name, see British Airways Ltd. ... America West Airlines (IATA: HP, ICAO: AWE, and Callsign: Cactus), operating as US Airways, is one of the United States ten major airlines. ... Pratt & Whitney is an American aircraft engine manufacturer whose products are widely used in both civil and military aircraft. ... Trans World Airlines (IATA: TW, ICAO: TWA, and Callsign: TWA), commonly known as TWA, was an American airline company that was acquired by American Airlines in April 2001. ... American Airlines (AA) is the largest airline in the world in terms of total passengers-miles transported[1] and fleet size [2], and the second-largest airline in the world (behind Air France-KLM) in terms of total operating revenues[3]. A wholly owned subsidiary of the AMR Corporation, the... SN Brussels Airlines Avro RJ85 Air France ERJ 145 A regional jet (RJ) is a small jet aircraft that is intended to fly passengers from point to point as efficiently as possible. ...


It is powered by two CFM56-5 or Pratt & Whitney PW6000 with thrust ranges between 21,600 to 23,800 lbf (96 to 106 kN) thrust. Launch customers Frontier Airlines and Air France took deliveries in 2003, with Frontier receiving their models in July of that year. The price of an A318 ranges from $39 to $45 million, and operating costs are around $3,000 for a 500 mile flight. CFM56-3 CFM56, front view CFM International CFM-56 series engines is a family of high-bypass turbofan engines made by CFM International and has a thrust range from 18,500 to 34,000 lbf (82 kN to 151 kN). ... Pratt & Whitney is an American aircraft engine manufacturer whose products are widely used in both civil and military aircraft. ... Pratt & Whitney PW6000 is a high-bypass turbofan engine designed for the Airbus A318 with a design thrust range of 18,000 to 24,000 lbf (80 to 107 kN). ... For the similar named Frontier Flying Service see Frontier Flying Service. ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ...


While designing the A318, Airbus included a number of technology upgrades, many of which have been integrated into the rest of the A320 family. Some are also finding their way to the A380 jumbo aircraft. These upgrades include: The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, four-engined airliner manufactured by EADS (Airbus S.A.S.). It is the largest passenger airliner in the world. ...

  • A new touchscreen LCD panel at the flight attendants' stations in the cabin, to simplify access to environmental and communications controls
  • New cabin lighting based on LED light sources, instead of halogen and fluorescent bulbs
  • Electrically powered backup braking systems, improving upon the older design using reserve hydraulic pressure
  • The use of laser beam welding during construction, used to fasten floor stringers to the lower fuselage shell. Laser welding eliminates the need for rivets to secure the joint, which saves weight, and is faster, saving on assembly time.

Orders for the A318 have been quite slow, only slightly better than for its direct competitor the B737-600. Airbus had received 100 orders (May 14, 2007) for this model compared to 69 for the B737-600. The sales pace has been influenced by the strong sales of the Bombardier CRJ900 and Embraer E-Jets series. Notable customers were Air France, 18; Frontier Airlines, 10 (+ 1 order); LAN Chile, 20 orders; Mexicana, 10; and US Airways, 15 orders. In October 2006 an A318 was successfully tested at London City Airport for steep approach compatibility, which will allow operators to serve airports constrained by noise restrictions, tall buildings or difficult terrain.[15] External links LEd Category: TeX ... Laser beam welding is a technique in manufacturing whereby two or more pieces of material (usually metal) are joined by together through use of a laser beam. ... Experiment with a laser (US Military) In physics, a laser is a device that emits light through a specific mechanism for which the term laser is an acronym: Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. ... Welding is a fabrication process that joins materials, usually metals or thermoplastics, by causing coalescence. ... A rivetted buffer beam on a steam locomotive A rivet is a mechanical fastener consisting of a smooth cylindrical shaft with heads on either end, the second one formed in position. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... The Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ) is a regional airliner manufactured by Bombardier based on the Canadair Challenger business jet. ... The Embraer E-Jets are a series of narrowbody, twin-engined, medium range, jet airliners, produced in Brazil. ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ... For the similar named Frontier Flying Service see Frontier Flying Service. ... Lan (formerly LanChile) is a airline based at Arturo Merino Benitez International Airport in Santiago, Chile, with flights to Latin America, North America, Polynesia, and Europe. ... Mexicana de Aviación (commonly known by the shorter name Mexicana) is Mexicos second largest airline company, after Aeroméxico, and the worlds third oldest airline still using its original name, after Hollands KLM and Colombias Avianca. ... US Airways is an American low-cost airline headquartered in Tempe, Arizona, owned by US Airways Group, Inc. ... London City Airport (IATA: LCY, ICAO: EGLC) is a single-runway airport, intended for use by STOL (Short Take Off and Landing) airliners, and principally serving the financial districts of London. ...


A318 Elite


On 10 November 2005 Airbus announced the A318 Elite. The Airbus A318 Elite is aimed at the medium-range market for flights of up to 4,000 nm range, with a choice of two cabin layouts seating up to 14 and 18 passengers, and will be powered by CFM engines. Comlux Aviation became the launch customer by ordering three A318 Elite aircraft. is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... CFM is the name of two radio stations in Cumbria, England CFM (Carlisle) CFM (West Cumbria) CFM is also the acronym for Christian Fellowship Ministries see Potters House Christian Fellowship CFM may also be: The filename extension for ColdFusion. ... Comlux Aviation is a charter airline based in Switzerland. ...


Deliveries

By the end of April 2007 a total of 5083 aircraft of the A320 family have been ordered and 3092 delivered.[1] This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Type 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989 1988
A318 4 8 9 10 8
A319 39 137 142 87 72 85 89 112 88 53 47 18
A320 65 164 121 101 119 116 119 101 101 80 58 38 34 48 71 111 119 58 58 16
A321 14 30 17 35 33 35 49 28 33 35 22 16 22 16
Total 122 339 289 233 233 236 257 241 222 168 127 72 56 64 71 111 119 58 58 16

List of Airbus A320 orders and deliveries A list of orders, deliveries and operators of the Airbus A320 family: Last Updated: June 07, 2007 Airbus Orders and Deliveries Categories: | | ...


Incidents

This section documents a current event.
Information may change rapidly as the event progresses.
The Airbus A320 nose gear malfunction of JetBlue Airways Flight 292 at Los Angeles International Airport.
The Airbus A320 nose gear malfunction of JetBlue Airways Flight 292 at Los Angeles International Airport.

(As of 17 July 2007 for the whole A320 family) Image File history File links Current_event_marker. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1500x959, 431 KB) Summary Author is Wikipedia user Andrewmarino. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1500x959, 431 KB) Summary Author is Wikipedia user Andrewmarino. ... JetBlue Airways Flight 292 was a scheduled flight from Bob Hope Airport (BUR) in Burbank, California, to John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), in New York City. ... Runway layout at LAX “LAX” redirects here. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

  • Other occurrences: 2 with a total of 0 fatalities
  • Hijackings: 6 with a total of 1 fatality
  • Seven incidents of nose gear malfunction, including JetBlue Airways Flight 292

... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Air France (Compagnie Nationale Air France) is a subsidiary of Air France-KLM. Before its merger with KLM, it was the national airline of France, employing 71,654 people (as of March 2004). ... Air France Flight 296 was a chartered flight of a newly-delivered Airbus A320 operated by Air France. ... is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Air India. ... Flight IC-605 took off from Mumbai (Bombay) at 11:58 for a flight to Bangalore. ... HAL Bangalore International Airport (IATA: BLR, ICAO: VOBG), also known as HAL Airport or Hindustan Airport, is the domestic and international airport serving Bangalore, Karnataka, India. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Germany, and the second-largest in Europe (behind Air France-KLM, but before British Airways). ... // Lufthansa Flight 2904 was an Airbus A320-200 which overran the runway, in OkÄ™cie International Airport on September 14, 1993. ... Airport maintenance facilities seen from runway. ... Frankfurt Airport Frankfurt Airport (IATA: FRA, ICAO: EDDF), known in German as Rhein-Main-Flughafen or Flughafen Frankfurt am Main, is located near Frankfurt am Main, Germany. ... is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gulf Air Airbus A340-300 take-off from London Heathrow. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... Bahrain International Airport (IATA: BAH, ICAO: OBBI) (Arabic: مطار البحرين الدولي; transliterated: Matar al-Bahrayn ad-Dowaly) is an airport located on Al Muharraq, an island on the northern tip of Bahrain, north of the capital, Manama. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Armavia Airbus A320 crashed in the Black Sea Armavia (Ô±Ö€Õ´Õ¡Õ¾Õ«Õ¡) is currently the largest airline in Armenia operating international flights out of its main base at Zvartnots Airport in Yerevan, Armenia. ... Armavia Flight 967 was a flight operated by Armavia, the largest international airline of Armenia on May 3, 2006, from Yerevan in Armenia to Sochi, a Black Sea coastal resort city in Russia which has had an Armenian guest worker population. ... NASA satellite image of the Black Sea Map of the Black Sea The Black Sea is an inland sea between southeastern Europe and Anatolia that is actually a distant arm of the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Mediterranean Sea. ... Adler-Sochi International Airport (IATA: AER, ICAO: URSS) (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Адлер-Сочи) is an airport located in Adler District of the resort city of Sochi situated at the Black Sea coast in Krasnodar Krai, Russia. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... TAM Linhas Aéreas is an airline based in São Paulo, Brazil. ... TAM Linhas Aéreas Flight 3054 (JJ 3054) was a scheduled domestic passenger flight between Porto Alegre and São Paulo, Brazil. ... Congonhas/São Paulo International Airport or Congonhas International Airport (IATA: CGH, ICAO: SBSP) is São Paulos second airport, situated 8 kilometres from the city downtown at Avenida Washington Luís s/nº - Campo Belo. ... Nickname: Motto: Non ducor, duco(Latin) I am not led, I lead Location in the São Paulo state. ... JetBlue Airways is an American low-cost airline owned by JetBlue Airways Corporation (NASDAQ: JBLU). ... JetBlue Airways Flight 292 was a scheduled flight from Bob Hope Airport (BUR) in Burbank, California, to John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), in New York City. ...

Specifications

Measurement A318-100 A319-100 A320-200 A321-200
Cockpit crew Two
Seating capacity 117 (1-class) 142 (1-class) 180 (1-class) 220 (1-class)
Length 31.45 m (103 ft 2 in) 33.84 m (111 ft) 37.57 m (123 ft) 44.51 m (146 ft)
Wingspan 34.10 m (111 ft 10 in)
Wing Sweepback 25°
Height 12.56 m (41 ft 2 in) 11.76 m (38 ft 7 in)
Cabin Width 3.70 m (12 ft 1 in)
Fuselage Width 3.95 m. (13 ft)
Typical empty weight 39,300 kg 40,600 kg 42,400 kg 48,200 kg
Maximum take-off weight 68,000 kg (149,900 lb) 75,500 kg (166,500 lb) 77,000 kg (169,000 lb) 93,500 kg (206,100 lb)
Cruising speed .79 Mach
Max. speed .82 Mach
Take off run at MTOW 1,355 m (4,446 ft) 1,950 m (6,398 ft) 2,090 m (6,857 ft) 2,180 m (7,152 ft)
Range fully loaded 5,950 km or 3,200 nm 6,800 km or 3,700 nm 5,700 km or 3,100 nm 5,600 km or 3,000 nm
Max. fuel capacity 23,860 liters or 6,300 USG 29,840 liters or 7,885 USG 29,680 liters or 6,850 USG
Service Ceiling 39,000 ft
Engines 2 X PW6122A
2 X CFM56-5
2 X IAE V2500
2 X CFM56-5

In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft can achieve flight. ...

Future replacement of A320

Airbus is considering partnering with Embraer for a replacement aircraft for the A320 series. It may be built in "8-9 years" or "2017 or later". [21]


References

  1. ^ a b c "Airbus - Orders and Deliveries", Airbus S.A.S., April 30, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Airbus signs framework agreement with Chinese consortium on A320 Final Assembly Line in China", Airbus S.A.S., October 26, 2006. 
  3. ^ "Construction started on Airbus A320 Family Final Assembly Line in China", Airbus S.A.S., May 15, 2007. 
  4. ^ "Airbus to base A320 production in Hamburg, 350s and 380s in Toulouse - report", Forbes, January 15, 2007. 
  5. ^ "Airbus boosts production rate for its single aisle aircraft to record levels", Airbus S.A.S., May 16, 2007. 
  6. ^ http://www.airliners.net/open.file/1043931/L/
  7. ^ http://www.airliners.net/open.file/1086051/L/
  8. ^ http://www.airliners.net/open.file/1054997/L/
  9. ^ http://www.airliners.net/open.file/1107758/L/
  10. ^ Kingsley-Jones, Max. "Airbus rethinks plan to put winglets on A320", Flight International, October 10, 2006. 
  11. ^ "Boeing 737 - Orders and Deliveries", Boeing, 30 April 2007. 
  12. ^ Norris, Guy. "The 737 Story: Smoke and mirrors obscure 737 and Airbus A320 replacement studies", Flight International, 7 February 2006. 
  13. ^ http://www.flug-revue.rotor.com/FRTypen/FRAE31X.htm
  14. ^ http://www.airliners.net/info/stats.main?id=21
  15. ^ http://www.airbus.com/en/presscentre/pressreleases/pressreleases_items/06_10_30_a318_london_city_airport.html
  16. ^ JACDEC's Airliner Safety Statistics: Aircraft. JACDEC (May 17, 2007).
  17. ^ Smith, Derek J.. "Transportation Disasters - Aerospace", May 2, 2001. 
  18. ^ "Plane Crash in Russia Kills All On Board", ABC7, May 3, 2006. 
  19. ^ "Armenian passenger jet crashes in Russia, killing 113", CNN, May 3, 2006. 
  20. ^ Fiery plane crash at Sao Paulo airport kills at least 200. CNN (2007-07-17). Retrieved on 2007-07-17.
  21. ^ http://www.aviationweek.com/aw/generic/story_channel.jsp?channel=comm&id=news/aw070207p3.xml&headline=Airbus%20May%20Not%20Do%20A320%20Replacement%20Alone

Airbus S.A.S. is a commercial aircraft manufacturer based in Toulouse, France. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Airbus S.A.S. is a commercial aircraft manufacturer based in Toulouse, France. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Airbus S.A.S. is a commercial aircraft manufacturer based in Toulouse, France. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... January 15 is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Airbus S.A.S. is a commercial aircraft manufacturer based in Toulouse, France. ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year (137th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Flight International is a magazine relating to airlines, general aviation, and aerospace manufacture. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Boeing. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Flight International is a magazine relating to airlines, general aviation, and aerospace manufacture. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... JACDEC stands for the Jet Airliner Crash Data Evaluation Centre, a German organization which collects data on airline crashes worldwide. ... is the 137th day of the year (138th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... May 2 is the 122nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (123rd in leap years). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... KABC-TV (Channel 7, branded as ABC7) is the American Broadcasting Company owned television station in the Greater Los Angeles area market, and is the most-watched television station in Southern California. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

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The Boeing 717 is a twin-engine, single-aisle jet airliner. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium haul commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Bombardier CSeries was a new family of 100-seat regional jets scheduled to enter service in 2010. ... The Embraer E-Jets are a series of narrowbody, twin-engined, medium range, jet airliners, produced in Brazil. ... McDonnell Douglas MD-80 and MD-90 are twin-engine, medium-range, single-aisle commercial jet airplanes. ... The Tupolev Tu-204 is a twin-engined medium range Russian airliner capable of carrying 212 passengers. ...

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Airbus aircraft families - A320 Family - A320 (169 words)
Airbus innovation means better performance and reliability with our aircraft, including more economical fuel burn and simpler maintenance.
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