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Encyclopedia > Airbus
Airbus S.A.S.
Type Subsidiary
Founded 1970 (Airbus Industrie)
2001 (Airbus S.A.S.)
Headquarters Toulouse, France
Key people Thomas Enders, CEO
Hans Peter Ring, CFO
John Leahy, Sales Director
Fabrice Brégier, COO
Industry Aerospace
Products Commercial airliners (list)
Revenue $39 billion USD (FY 2006)[1]
Employees 57,000 [2]
Parent EADS
Subsidiaries Airbus Military
Website www.airbus.com

Airbus S.A.S. (pronounced /ˈɛərbʌs/ in English, Image:ltspkr.png/ɛʁbys/ in French, and /ˈɛːɐbʊs/ in German) is an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, a European aerospace concern. Based in Toulouse, France and with significant activity across Europe, the company produces around half of the world's jet airliners. Image File history File links Airbus_Logo. ... A subsidiary, in business, is an entity that is controlled by another entity. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... CFO is usually short for Chief Financial Officer, but may also mean: Carrier frequency offset Ceramic fiber optics Chief Fire Officer Chief of Flight Operations Conselho Federal de Odontologia (cfo. ... John Leahy is Co-Chief Commerical Officer of Airbus. ... Fabrice Brégier is a French top manager. ... A Chief Operating Officer (COO) is a corporate officer responsible for managing the day-to-day activities of the corporation. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An airliner of Air Jamaica, the Airbus A340 An airliner is a type of aircraft initially designed for the transportation of paying passengers. ... Airbus S.A.S. (pronounced in English, in French, and in German) is an aircraft manufacturing subsidiary of EADS, a European aerospace concern. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... USD redirects here. ... A fiscal year (or financial year or accounting reference date) is a 12-month period used for calculating annual (yearly) financial statements in businesses and other organizations. ... This article is about work. ... For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... A subsidiary, in business, is an entity that is controlled by another entity. ... Airbus Military SL (Sociedad Limitada) is a subsidiary of Airbus S.A.S. created for the management of the A400M project, taking over from Euroflag. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Société par actions simplifiée. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The purpose of this page is to lay out our policies for handling sounds, and give people some useful information for handling sound files. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... An Airbus A340 airliner operated by Air Jamaica An airliner is a large fixed-wing aircraft with the primary function of transporting paying passengers. ...


Airbus began as a consortium of aerospace manufacturers. Consolidation of European defence and aerospace companies around the turn of the century allowed the establishment of a simplified joint stock company in 2001, owned by EADS (80%) and BAE Systems (20%). After a protracted sale process BAE sold its shareholding to EADS on 13 October 2006.[3] , BAE Systems plc (BAE) is a British defence and aerospace company headquartered at Farnborough, England, UK, that has worldwide interests, particularly in North America through its subsidiary BAE Systems Inc. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Airbus employs around 57,000 people at sixteen sites in four European Union countries: Germany, France, the United Kingdom, and Spain. Final assembly production is at Toulouse (France) and Hamburg (Germany). Airbus has subsidiaries in the United States, Japan and China. New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ...

Contents

History

Airbus Industrie began as a consortium of European aviation firms to compete with American companies such as Boeing, McDonnell Douglas, and Lockheed. A consortium is an association of two or more individuals, companies, organisations or governments (or any combination of these entities) with the objective of participating in a common activity or pooling their resources for achieving a common goal. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Edward Boeing. ... DC-10, retired from American Airlines fleet at gate McDonnell Douglas was a major American aerospace manufacturer, producing a number of famous commercial and military aircraft. ... The Lockheed SR-71 was remarkably advanced for its time and remains unsurpassed in many areas of performance. ...


While many European aircraft were innovative, even the most successful had small production runs.[4] In 1991, Jean Pierson, then CEO and Managing Director of Airbus Industrie, described a number of factors which explained the dominant position of American aircraft manufacturers: the land mass of the United States made air transport the favoured mode of travel; a 1942 Anglo-American agreement entrusted transport aircraft production to the US; and World War II had left America with "a profitable, vigorous, powerful and structured aeronautical industry."[4]


In the mid-1960s, tentative negotiations commenced regarding a European collaborative approach. Individual aircraft companies had already envisaged such a requirement; in 1959 Hawker Siddeley had advertised an "Airbus" version of the Armstrong Whitworth AW.660 Argosy, which would "be able to lift as many as 126 passengers on ultra short routes at a direct operating cost of 2d. per seat mile."[5] However, European aircraft manufacturers were aware of the risks of such a development and began to accept, along with their governments, that collaboration was required to develop such an aircraft and to compete with the more powerful US manufacturers. At the 1965 Paris Air Show major European airlines informally discussed their requirements for a new "airbus" capable of transporting 100 or more passengers over short to medium distances at a low cost. [6] The same year Hawker Siddeley (at the urging of the UK government) teamed with Breguet and Nord to study airbus designs. The Hawker Siddeley/Breguet/Nord groups HBN 100 became the basis for the continuation of the project. By 1966 the partners were Sud Aviation (France), Arbeitsgemeinschaft Airbus, later Deutsche Airbus (Germany) and Hawker Siddeley (UK).[6] A request for funding was made to the three governments in October 1966.[6] Hawker-Ciggerley was a group of UK aircraft manufacturing companies formed as a result of the merger of Hawker Aircraft with Armstrong Siddeley. ... The Armstrong Whitworth Argosy was a British post-war military transport/cargo aircraft. ... £sd (pronounced, and sometimes written, LSD) was the popular name for the pre-decimal currencies used in the United Kingdom, and in most of its Empire and colonies. ... A Mirage 2000-5 at the Paris Air Show The Paris Air Show (Salon International de lAéronautique et de lEspace, Paris-Le Bourget) is an international trade fair for the aerospace business. ... The Société des Ateliers dAviation Louis Bréguet, a former French aircraft manufacturer, was set up in 1911 by aviation pioneer Louis Charles Breguet. ... Nord Aviation was a state-owned French aircraft manufacturer. ... Sud Aviation was a French state-owned aircraft manufacturer, originating from the merger of SNCASE (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Est) and SNCASO (Société Nationale de Constructions Aéronautiques du Sud-Ouest) on March 1, 1957. ...

By early 1967 the "A300" label began to be applied and the proposal developed into a 320 seat, twin engined airliner.[6] On 25 July 1967 the three governments agreed to proceed to the definition stage with the mission statement: The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range, wide-body family of aircraft manufactured by Airbus Industries between 1972 and the present. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ...

"For the purpose of strengthening European co-operation in the field of aviation technology and thereby promoting economic and technological progress in Europe, to take appropriate measures for the joint development and production of an airbus."[6]

Shortly after the agreement, Roger Béteille was appointed technical director of the A300 project.[7] Béteille developed a division of labour which would be the basis of Airbus' production for years to come: France would manufacture the cockpit, flight control and the lower centre section of the fuselage; Hawker Siddeley, whose Trident technology had impressed him, was to manufacture the wings; Germany should make the forward and rear fuselage sections, as well as the upper centre section; The Dutch would make the flaps and spoilers; finally Spain (yet to become a full partner) would make the horizontal tailplane.[7] On 26 September 1967 the German, French and British governments signed a Memorandum of Understanding in London which allowed continued development studies. This also confirmed Sud Aviation as the "lead company", that France and the UK would each have a 37.5% workshare with Germany taking 25%, and that Rolls-Royce would manufacture the engines.[4][7] Roger Béteille was born in Vors (Aveyron), France on 28 August 1921. ... Trident 1E The Trident, model DH121 or HS121, was a short/medium-range airliner designed by de Havilland in the 1950s, and built by the Hawker-Siddeley Group in the 1960s when de Havilland was merged, along with several other British aviation firms. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the aircraft engine company. ...


In the two years following this agreement, both the British and French governments expressed doubts about the project. The MoU had stated that 75 orders must be achieved by 31 July 1968. However lukewarm airline support for a 300 seat Airbus A300 lead to the partners submitting the A250 proposal (what became the A300B) for a 250 seat airliner powered by existing engines.[6] This dramatically reduced development costs, as the Rolls-Royce RB207 represented a large proportion of those costs. The RB207 had also suffered difficulties, since Rolls-Royce was concentrating its efforts on the development of the related RB211 for the Lockheed L-1011.[8] The French government threatened to withdraw from the project due to the concern over funding development of the Airbus A300, Concorde and the Dassault Mercure concurrently, but was persuaded otherwise.[8] Having announced its concern at the A300B proposal in December 1968, and fearing it would not recoup its investment due to lack of sales, the British government announced its withdrawal on 10 April 1969.[6] Germany took this opportunity to increase its share of the project to 50%.[8] Given the participation by Hawker Siddeley up to that point, France and Germany were reluctant to take over its wing design. Thus the British company was allowed to continue as a privileged subcontractor.[4] Hawker Siddeley invested GB£35 million in tooling and, requiring more capital, received a GB£35 million loan from the German government.[8] RB211 powered Lockheed L-1011 The Rolls Royce RB.211 family is a family of high-bypass turbofan aircraft engines made by Rolls-Royce capable of generating 37,400 to 60,600 pounds-force (166 to 270 kilonewtons) thrust. ... The Lockheed L-1011 TriStar, commonly referred to as just L-1011 (pronounced ell-ten-eleven), was the third widebody passenger jet airliner to enter operation, following the Boeing 747 and the McDonnell Douglas DC-10. ... For other uses, see Concorde (disambiguation). ... Dassault Mercure was a twin-engined jet-powered French airliner. ... is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... GBP redirects here. ...


Formation of Airbus Industrie

Airbus A300, the first aircraft model launched by Airbus.
Airbus A300, the first aircraft model launched by Airbus.

Airbus Industrie was formally established as a Groupement d'Interet Economique (Economic Interest Group or GIE) on 18 December 1970.[8] The name "Airbus" was taken from a non-proprietary term used by the airline industry in the 1960s to refer to a commercial aircraft of a certain size and range, for this term was acceptable to the French linguistically. Aerospatiale and Deutsche Airbus each took a 36.5% share of production work, Hawker Siddeley 20% and Fokker-VFW 7%.[6] Each company would deliver its sections as fully equipped, ready-to-fly items. In October 1971 the Spanish company CASA acquired a 4.2% share of Airbus Industrie, with Aerospatiale and Deutsche Airbus reducing their stakes to 47.9%.[6] In January 1979 British Aerospace, which had absorbed Hawker Siddeley in 1977, acquired a 20% share of Airbus Industrie. The majority shareholders reduced their shares to 37.9%, while CASA retained its 4.2%.[9] Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (891x480, 73 KB) Description: Airbus A300 B2 Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Airbus ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (891x480, 73 KB) Description: Airbus A300 B2 Source: Stahlkocher File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Airbus ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... CASA Jungmann, built in 1957. ...


In 1972, the A300 made its maiden flight and the first production model, the A300B2 entered service in 1974. Initially the success of the consortium was poor but by 1979 there were 81 aircraft in service. It was the launch of the A320 in 1981 that guaranteed the status of Airbus as a major player in the aircraft market - the aircraft had over 400 orders before it first flew, compared to 15 for the A300 in 1972. The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ...


Transition to Airbus SAS

The retention of production and engineering assets by the partner companies in effect made Airbus Industrie a sales and marketing company.[10] This arrangement led to inefficiencies due to the inherent conflicts of interest that the four partner companies faced; they were both GIE shareholders and subcontractors to the consortium. The companies collaborated on development of the Airbus range, but guarded the financial details of their own production activities and sought to maximise the transfer prices of their sub-assemblies.[11][12]


In the early 1990s the then Airbus CEO Jean Pierson argued that the GIE should be abandoned and Airbus established as a conventional company. However, the difficulties of integrating and valuing the assets of four companies, as well as legal issues, delayed the initiative. In December 1998, when it was reported that British Aerospace and DASA were close to merging, Aérospatiale paralysed negotiations on the Airbus conversion; the French company feared the combined BAe/DASA, which would own 57.9% of Airbus, would dominate the company and it insisted on a 50/50 split.[13] However, the issue was resolved in January 1999 when BAe abandoned talks with DASA in favour of merging with Marconi Electronic Systems to become BAE Systems. Then in 2000 three of the four partner companies (DaimlerChrysler Aerospace, successor to Deutsche Airbus; Aérospatiale-Matra, successor to Sud-Aviation; and CASA) merged to form EADS, simplifying the process. EADS now owned Airbus France, Airbus Deutschland and Airbus España, and thus 80% of Airbus Industrie.[11] BAE Systems and EADS transferred their production assets to the new company, Airbus SAS, in return for shareholdings in that company. Marconi Electronic Systems (MES), or GEC-Marconi as it was until 1998, was the defence arm of The General Electric Company (GEC). ... , BAE Systems plc (BAE) is a British defence and aerospace company headquartered at Farnborough, England, UK, that has worldwide interests, particularly in North America through its subsidiary BAE Systems Inc. ... Luftwaffe Tornado ECR Deutsche Aerospace AG Daimler-Benz Aerospace AG DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG Founded May 19, 1989 as Deutsche Aerospace AG, bundling space and aeronautic elements of Daimler-Benz (including Dornier Luftfahrt), Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm (MBB), MTU München, and Telefunken Systemtechnik (TST) In 1992, the helicopter division was... Aérospatiale-Matra was a European missile and aircraft manufacturer. ... The European Aeronautic Defence and Space Company EADS N.V. (EADS) is a large European aerospace corporation, formed by the merger on July 10, 2000 of Aérospatiale-Matra of France, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA (CASA) of Spain, and DaimlerChrysler Aerospace AG (DASA) of Germany. ...


BAE sale and A380 controversy

Airbus A380, the largest passenger jet in the world, entered commercial service in 2007.
Airbus A380, the largest passenger jet in the world, entered commercial service in 2007.

On 6 April 2006 BBC News reported that BAE Systems was selling its share, then "conservatively valued" at €3.5 billion (US$4.17 bn).[14] The move was seen by many analysts as a move to make partnerships with U.S. firms more feasible, in both financial and political terms.[15] BAE originally sought to agree on a price with EADS through an informal process. However, due to the slow pace of negotiations and disagreements over price, BAE exercised its put option which saw investment bank Rothschild appointed to give an independent valuation. Airbus A380 in house colors File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Airbus A380 in house colors File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The euro (€; ISO 4217 code EUR) is the currency of twelve European Union member states: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... A put option (sometimes simply called a put) is a financial contract between two parties, the buyer and the writer of the option. ... N. M. Rothschild & Sons, or simply Rothschild, is the investment bank company of the Rothschild family. ...


In June 2006, Airbus became embroiled in a significant international controversy over its announcement of a further delay in the delivery of its A380. In the wake of the announcement, the value of associated stock plunged by up to 25% in a matter of days, although it soon recovered somewhat. Allegations of insider trading on the part of Noël Forgeard, CEO of EADS, its majority corporate parent, promptly followed. The loss of associated value caused great concern on the part of BAE, The Independent describing a "furious row" between BAE and EADS, with BAE believing the announcement was designed to depress the value of its share.[16] A French shareholder group filed a class action lawsuit against EADS in a Dutch court for failing to inform investors of the financial implications of the A380 delays while airlines to which deliveries were promised are expected to demand compensation.[17] As a result, EADS chief Noël Forgeard and Airbus CEO Gustav Humbert announced their resignations on 2 July 2006.[18] Noël Forgeard (born December 8, 1946) is a French industrialist, and is joint CEO of EADS. Until June 2005 Foregard was CEO of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus SAS. In late 2004 he was nominated as the next French CEO of EADS. This position is shared with a German - then... For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ... Noël Forgeard (born December 8, 1946) is a French industrialist, and is joint CEO of EADS. Until June 2005 Foregard was CEO of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus SAS. In late 2004 he was nominated as the next French CEO of EADS. This position is shared with a German - then... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Dr. Gustav Humbert (born in Celle, Germany in February 1950) has been a member of Airbus’ Executive Committee since July 2000, and at that time also was the Chief Operating Officer. ... is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 2 July 2006 Rothschild valued BAE's stake at £1.9 billion (€2.75 billion), well below the expectation of BAE analysts and even EADS.[19] On 5 July BAE appointed independent auditors to investigate how the value of its share of Airbus had fallen from the original estimates to the Rothschild valuation. They pushed back any potential sale until September at the earliest.[20] On 6 September 2006 BAE agreed to sell its stake in Airbus to EADS for £1.87 billion (€2.75 billion, $3.53 billion), pending BAE shareholder approval.[21] On 4 October shareholders voted in favour of the sale.[22] is the 183rd day of the year (184th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 9 October 2006 Christian Streiff, Humbert's successor, resigned due to differences with parent company EADS over the amount of independence he would be granted in implementing his reorganization plan for Airbus. He will be succeeded by EADS co-CEO Louis Gallois. This brings Airbus under more direct control of its parent company. is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christian Streiff is the CEO of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus S.A.S., he was nominated to this position on 2nd July 2006. ... Louis Gallois is a French businessman and currently the co-CEO of EADS. Gallois has headed Snecma (1989-1992) Aérospatiale (1992-1996) and SNCF (1996-2006). ...


CATIA debacle

On 3 October 2006, Christian Streiff announced that the reason for delay of the Airbus A380 was the use of incompatible software used to design the aircraft. Primarily, the Toulouse assembly plant used the latest version 5 of CATIA (made by Dassault), while the design centre at the Hamburg factory used an older incompatible version 4. Parts of the plane were also designed using Parametric Technology Corporation software. The responsibility for the problem was put on the top management for not placing a high enough priority on forcing the compatible software through all parts of the organization.[23] The result was that the 530km of cables wiring throughout the aircraft has to be completely redesigned.[24] is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christian Streiff is the CEO of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus S.A.S., he was nominated to this position on 2nd July 2006. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... CADD and CAD redirect here. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Look up CATIA in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Formerly named Societé des Avions Marcel Bloch or MB, the Dassault Aviation is a French aircraft manufacturer of military, regional and business jets. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... Parametric Technology Corporation (NASDAQ: PMTC) provides product lifecycle management (PLM) engineering CAD/CAM software. ...


The cost of this debacle is expected to reach $6.1 billion over the next four years. Although none of the orders have been canceled, Airbus will have to pay millions in late-delivery penalties.[23]


2007 restructuring

On 28 February 2007, CEO Louis Gallois announced the company's restructuring plans. Entitled Power8, the plan would see 10,000 jobs cut over four years; 4,300 in France, 3,700 in Germany, 1,600 in the UK and 400 in Spain. 5,000 of the 10,000 would be at sub contractors. Plants at Saint Nazaire, Varel and Laupheim face sell off or closure, while Meaulte, Nordenham and Filton are "open to investors".[25] The announcements have resulted in Airbus unions in France planning to strike, with German Airbus workers possibly following. [1]. is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Location within France Saint-Nazaire (Breton: Sant-Nazer), is a town and commune in the Loire-Atlantique département of France, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Varel is a small town located in eastern Kansas. ... Location of Laupheim in Germany Laupheim is a city in the north of the district of Biberach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Nordenham is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany with a population of roughly 28,000. ... Filton is a town in South Gloucestershire, England, on the northern outskirts of the city of Bristol, about 4. ...

Airbus A320, the first model in the A318, A319, A320 and A321 range of airliners
Airbus A320, the first model in the A318, A319, A320 and A321 range of airliners

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 503 pixelsFull resolution (2644 × 1661 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 503 pixelsFull resolution (2644 × 1661 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ...

Civilian products

The Airbus product line started with the A300, the world's first twin-aisle, twin-engined aircraft. A shorter, re-winged, re-engined variant of the A300 is known as the A310. Building on its success, Airbus launched the A320 with its innovative fly-by-wire control system. The A320 has been, and continues to be, a great commercial success. The A318 and A319 are shorter derivatives with some of the latter under construction for the corporate biz-jet market (Airbus Corporate Jet). A stretched version is known as the A321 and is proving competitive with later models of the Boeing 737. The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range, wide-body family of aircraft manufactured by Airbus Industries between 1972 and the present. ... The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range, wide-body family of aircraft manufactured by Airbus Industries between 1972 and the present. ... The Airbus A310 is a short to medium range widebody airliner developed from the Airbus A300 and manufactured by Airbus Industrie. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The basic fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ...


The longer-range products, the twin-jet A330 and the four-engine A340, have efficient wings, enhanced by winglets. The Airbus A340-500 has an operating range of 16 700 kilometres (9000 nautical miles), the second longest range of any commercial jet after the Boeing 777-200LR (range of 17 446 km or 9420 nautical miles). The company is particularly proud of its use of fly-by-wire technologies and the common cockpit systems in use throughout the aircraft family, which make it much easier to train crew. The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... Rutan VariEze, the first aircraft to use winglets in 1975 Learjet 28/29, the first production jet aircraft to use winglets in 1977 McDonnell Douglas MD-11, one of the first airliners to benefit from winglet research Wingtip devices are usually intended to improve the efficiency of fixed-wing aircraft. ... Virgin Atlantic Airbus A340. ... The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engined airliner built by Boeings Commercial Airplanes division. ... A flight control system consists of the flight control surfaces, the respective cockpit controls, connecting linkage, and necessary operating mechanisms to control aircraft in flight The basic fundamentals of aircraft controls has been explained in aeronautics. ...


Airbus is studying a replacement for the A320 series, tentatively dubbed NSR, for "New Short-Range aircraft."[26] Those studies indicated a maximum fuel efficiency gain of 9-10% for the NSR. Airbus however opted to enhance the existing A320 design using new winglets and working on aerodynamical improvements. This "A320 Enhanced" should have a fuel efficiency improvement of around 4-5%, shifting the launch of a A320 replacement to 2017-2018. The Airbus NSR is a new project to competete with the Boeing Y1. ...


In July 2007, Airbus delivered its last A300 to FedEx, marking the end of the A300/A310 production line. Airbus intends to relocate Toulouse A320 final assembly activity to Hamburg, and A350/A380 production in the opposite direction as part of its Power8 organization plan begun under ex-CEO Christian Streiff.[27] Christian Streiff is the CEO of the aircraft manufacturer Airbus S.A.S., he was nominated to this position on 2nd July 2006. ...


Airbus supplied replacement parts and service for Concorde until its retirement in 2003. For other uses, see Concorde (disambiguation). ...

Product list and details (date information from Airbus)
 Aircraft   Description   Seats   Max   Launch date   1st flight   1st delivery   Production to cease/ceased 
A300 2 engine, twin aisle 228-254 361 May 1969 28 October 1972 May 1974
Air France
27 March 2007
A310 2 engine, twin aisle, modified A300 187 279 July 1978 3 April 1982 December 1985
Air Algerie
27 March 2007
A318 2 engine, single aisle, shortened 6.17 m from A320 107 117 April 1999 15 January 2002 October 2003
Air France
A319 2 engine, single aisle, shortened 3.77 m from A320 124 156 June 1993 25 August 1995 April 1996
Swissair
A320 2 engine, single aisle 150 180 March 1984 22 February 1987 March 1988
Air Inter
A321 2 engine, single aisle, lengthened 6.94 m from A320 185 220 November 1989 11 March 1993 January 1994
Lufthansa
A330 2 engine, twin aisle. 253-295 406-440 June 1987 2 November 1992 December 1993
Air Inter
A340 4 engine, twin aisle 239-380 420-440 June 1987 25 October 1991 January 1993
Air France
A350 2 engine, twin aisle 270-350 December 2006 2011 expected mid-2013
TAM
A380 4 engine, double deck, twin aisle[28] 555 853 2002 27 April 2005 15th October 2007
Singapore Airlines

The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... is the 301st day of the year (302nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Categories: Airlines of Algeria | Airline stubs ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... is the 237th day of the year (238th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Swissair (Swiss Air Transport Company Limited) was the former national airline of Switzerland. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... Air Inter was Frances foremost domestic airline as well as the largest scheduled domestic carrier in Europe. ... The Airbus A320 family of short-to-medium range commercial passenger aircraft are manufactured by Airbus S.A.S.. Family members include the A318, A319, A320, and A321, as well as the ACJ business jet. ... is the 70th day of the year (71st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe in terms of overall passengers carried (second is Air France - KLM), and the flag carrier of Germany. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Air Inter was Frances foremost domestic airline as well as the largest scheduled domestic carrier in Europe. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... A350 redirects here. ... Look up tam in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Singapore Airlines Boeing 747-400 9V-SPA takes off from London Heathrow Airport bound for Singapore Changi Airport. ...

Environmental Record

Airbus has joined Honeywell and JetBlue Airways in an effort to reduce pollution and dependence on oil. They are trying to develop a biofuel that could be used by 2030. The companies think it they could almost cover one third of the world’s airplane fuel need.[29] A plan to create a biofuel that won’t affect food resources is the proposal. Algae is a possible alternative because it absorbs carbon dioxide, and it will not effect food production. However, algae and other vegetation are still just experiments, and algae is expensive to develop.[30] Airbus recently had the first alternative fuel flight. It ran on 60 percent kerosene and 40 percent GTL. It did not cut carbon emissions, but it was free of sulphur emissions.[31] Alternative fuel was able to work properly in Airbus's airplane engine, so alternative fuels should not cause a need for new airplane engines. This flight and the company's long term efforts are considered big strides towards environmentally friendly airplanes.[32]


Competition with Boeing

Main article: Competition between Airbus and Boeing

Airbus is in tight competition with Boeing every year for aircraft orders. Though both manufacturers have a broad product range in various segments from single-aisle to wide-body, their aircraft do not always compete head-to-head. Instead they respond with models a bit smaller or a bit bigger than the other in order to plug any holes in demand and achieve a better edge. The A380, for example, is designed to be larger than the 747. The A350 XWB competes with the high end of the 787 and the low end of the 777. The A320 is bigger than the 737-700 but smaller than the 737-800. The A321 is bigger than the 737-900 but smaller than the previous 757-200. Airlines see this as a benefit since they get a more complete product range from 100 seats to 500 seats than if both companies offered identical aircraft. The Airbus A380 (max. ...


In recent years the Boeing 777 has outsold its Airbus counterparts, which include the A340 family as well as the A330-300. The smaller A330-200 competes with the 767, outselling its Boeing counterpart in recent years. The A380 is anticipated to further reduce sales of the Boeing 747, gaining Airbus a share of the market in very large aircraft, though frequent delays in the A380 program have caused several customers to consider the refreshed 747-8.[33] Airbus has also proposed the A350 XWB to compete with the fast-selling Boeing 787, after being under great pressure from airlines to produce a competing model. The Boeing 777 is an American long-range wide-body twin-engine airliner built by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... The Boeing 767 is a mid-size, wide-body twinjet airliner produced by the Commercial Airplanes division of The Boeing Company. ... The Boeing 747-8 is the latest variant of the Boeing 747, officially announced in 2005. ... “A350” redirects here. ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently under development by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


There are around 4,867 Airbus aircraft in service, with Airbus managing to win over 50 per cent of aircraft orders in recent years. Airbus products are still outnumbered 6 to 1 by in-service Boeings (there are over 5,000 Boeing 737s alone in service). This however is indicative of historical success - Airbus made a late entry into the modern jet airliner market (1972 vs. 1958 for Boeing). Flying machine redirects here. ...


Airbus won a greater share of orders in 2003, 2004. It also delivered more aircraft in 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007.


In 2005, Airbus made a claim to victory again with 1111 (1055 net),[34] compared to 1029 (net of 1002) for Boeing[34] However, Boeing won 55% of 2005 orders by value, due to that firm winning several important widebody sales at the expense of Airbus.


In 2006 Boeing won more orders by both measures. Airbus regained parity as of mid-2007.


Orders and deliveries

Orders
2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989
Flag of Europe Airbus 397 1341 824 1111 370 284 300 375 520 476 556 460 326 106 125 38 136 101 404 421
Flag of the United States Boeing 378 1413 1044 1002 272 239 251 314 588 355 606 543 708 441 125 236 266 273 533 716
Sources 2008: Airbus orders until April 30: http://www.airbus.com/en/corporate/orders_and_deliveries/
Boeing orders until May 6. http://active.boeing.com/commercial/orders/index.cfm
Deliveries
2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993 1992 1991 1990 1989
Flag of Europe Airbus 162 453 434 378 320 305 303 325 311 294 229 182 126 124 123 138 157 163 95 105
Flag of the United States Boeing 155 441 398 290 285 281 381 527 491 620 563 375 271 256 312 409 572 606 527 402
Sources 2008: Airbus deliveries until April 30: http://www.airbus.com/en/corporate/orders_and_deliveries/
Boeing deliveries until April 30. http://active.boeing.com/commercial/orders/index.cfm?content=displaystandardreport.cfm&optReportType=CurYrDelv

Subsidies

Boeing has continually protested over "launch aid" and other forms of government aid to Airbus, while Airbus has argued that Boeing receives illegal subsidies through military and research contracts and tax breaks.


In July 2004 Harry Stonecipher (then-Boeing CEO) accused Airbus of abusing a 1992 bilateral EU-US agreement providing for disciplines for large civil aircraft support from governments. Airbus is given reimbursable launch investment (RLI, called "launch aid" by the US) from European governments with the money being paid back with interest, plus indefinite royalties, but only if the aircraft is a commercial success.[34] Airbus contends that this system is fully compliant with the 1992 agreement and WTO rules. The agreement allows up to 33 per cent of the programme cost to be met through government loans which are to be fully repaid within 17 years with interest and royalties. These loans are held at a minimum interest rate equal to the cost of government borrowing plus 0.25%, which would be below market rates available to Airbus without government support.[34] Airbus claims that since the signature of the EU-U.S. Agreement in 1992, it has repaid European governments more than U.S.$6.7 billion and that this is 40% more than it has received.[34] Harry C. Stonecipher (born May 16, 1936 in Robbins, Tennessee) is the former President and Chief Executive of American aerospace giant Boeing. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ...


Airbus argues that the pork barrel military contracts awarded to Boeing (the second largest U.S. defence contractor) are in effect a form of subsidy (see the Boeing KC-767 military contracting controversy). The significant U.S. government support of technology development via NASA also provides significant support to Boeing, as do the large tax breaks offered to Boeing, which some people claim are in violation of the 1992 agreement and WTO rules. In its recent products such as the 787, Boeing has also been offered direct financial support from local and state governments.[35] A pork barrel, literally, is a barrel in which pork is kept. ... The Boeing KC-767 is a next generation military aerial refueling and strategic transport aircraft developed primarily for the USAF from the Boeing 767-200. ... For other uses, see NASA (disambiguation). ... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ... The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently under development by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


In January 2005 the European Union and United States trade representatives, Peter Mandelson and Robert Zoellick (since replaced by Rob Portman) respectively, agreed to talks aimed at resolving the increasing tensions. These talks were not successful with the dispute becoming more acrimonious rather than approaching a settlement. This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... Robert B. Zoellick Robert Bruce Zoellick (IPA: ) (born July 25, 1953) is an American politician and (effective July 1, 2007) the eleventh president of the World Bank. ... Robert Jones Rob Portman (born December 19, 1955) is an American lawyer and a former Director of the Office of Management and Budget. ...


World Trade Organization litigation

On 31 May 2005 the United States filed a case against the European Union for providing allegedly illegal subsidies to Airbus. Twenty-four hours later the European Union filed a complaint against the United States protesting support for Boeing.[34] is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Portman (from the USA) and Mandelson (from the EU) issued a joint statement stating: "We remain united in our determination that this dispute shall not affect our cooperation on wider bilateral and multilateral trade issues. We have worked together well so far, and intend to continue to do so."


Tensions increased by the support for the Airbus A380 have erupted into a potential trade war due to the upcoming launch of the Airbus A350. Airbus would ideally like the A350 programme to be launched with the help of state loans covering a third of the development costs although it has stated it will launch without these loans if required. The A350 will compete with Boeing's most successful project in recent years, the 787 Dreamliner.


EU trade officials are questioning the funding provided by NASA, the Department of Defense (in particular in the form of R&D contracts that benefit Boeing) as well as funding from US states (in particular the State of Washington, the State of Kansas and the State of Illinois) for the launch of Boeing aircraft, in particular the 787. The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a mid-sized, wide-body, twin engine jet airliner currently under development by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ...


Military products

Main article: Airbus Military

In January 1999 Airbus established a separate company, Airbus Military S.A.S., to undertake development and production of a turboprop-powered tactical transport aircraft (the Airbus Military A400M.) The A400M is being developed by several NATO members, Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Spain, Turkey, and the UK, as an alternative to the C-130 Hercules. Expansion in the military aircraft market will reduce, but not negate, Airbus' exposure to the effects of cyclical downturns in civil aviation. Airbus Military SL (Sociedad Limitada) is a subsidiary of Airbus S.A.S. created for the management of the A400M project, taking over from Euroflag. ... There are two types of airlifts in the military, strategic and tactical. ... The Airbus A400M is a four-engine turboprop aircraft, designed by Airbus Military to meet the demand of European nations for military airlift. ... This article is about the military alliance. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop cargo aircraft and the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. ...


On 25 February 2008 it was announced that Airbus had won an order for three air refuelling Multi-Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) aircraft (adapted from A330 passsenger jets) from the United Arab Emirates [36]. is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 1 March 2008 it was the announced that a consortium of Airbus and Northrop Grumman had won a $40bn contract to build the new in-flight refuelling aircraft KC-45A (US built version of the MRTT) for the USAF [37]. The decision, however, was subject to a formal complaint from Boeing[38]. is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ...


International manufacturing presence

The main Airbus factory in Toulouse is located next to Toulouse Blagnac International Airport. ( 43°36′44″N, 1°21′47″E)
The main Airbus factory in Toulouse is located next to Toulouse Blagnac International Airport. ( 43°36′44″N, 1°21′47″E)
Main airbus factory in Hamburg/Germany
Main airbus factory in Hamburg/Germany

The three final assembly lines of Airbus are in Toulouse (France) (two assembly lines) and Hamburg (Germany) (one assembly line). A fourth final assembly line, for the Airbus A400M, is under construction in Seville (Spain). It is estimated that this new assembly line will be operational by October 2006. Download high resolution version (2336x424, 165 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (2336x424, 165 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Toulouse Blagnac International Airport (IATA: TLS, ICAO: LFBO) is located in the south of France. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... The Airbus A400M is a four-engine turboprop aircraft, designed by Airbus Military to meet the demand of European nations for military airlift. ... For other uses, see Seville (disambiguation). ...


Airbus, however, has a number of other plants in different European locations, reflecting its foundation as a consortium. An original solution to the problem of moving aircraft parts between the different factories and the assembly plants is the use of "Beluga" specially enlarged jets, capable of carrying entire sections of fuselage of Airbus aircraft. This solution has also been investigated by Boeing, who retrofitted 3 of their 747 aircraft to transport the components of the 787. An exception to this scheme is the A380, whose fuselage and wings are too large for sections to be carried by the Beluga. Large A380 parts are brought by ship to Bordeaux, and then transported to the Toulouse assembly plant by a specially enlarged road. The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga is a version of the standard Airbus A300 wide-body airliner, modified to carry aircraft parts and over-sized or awkward cargo. ... The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga is a version of the standard Airbus A300 wide-body airliner, modified to carry aircraft parts and over-sized or awkward cargo. ... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ...


North America is an important region to Airbus in terms of both aircraft sales and suppliers. 2,000 of the total of approximately 5,300 Airbus jetliners sold by Airbus around the world, representing every aircraft in its product line from the 107-seat A318 to the 565-passenger A380, are ordered by North American customers. According to Airbus, US contractors, supporting an estimated 120,000 jobs, earned an estimated $5.5 billion (2003) worth of business. For example, one version of the A380 has 51% American content in terms of work share value.


EADS Airbus will be opening an assembly plant in Tianjin, China for its A320 series airliners, to be operational in 2009. AVIC I and AVIC II will be EADS' local partners for the site, to which sub-assemblies will be sent from plants around the world.[39]   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... China Aviation Industry Corporation I (AVIC I) is a Chinese consortium of aircraft manufacturers. ... China Aviation Industry Corporation II (AVIC II) is a Chinese consortium of aircraft manufacturers. ...


A plant will be built in Mobile, Alabama for KC-45A, A330-200MRTT and A330-200F production. Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ...


Employment data

Workforce by sites

 Airbus site ¹   Country   Workforce 
Toulouse
(Toulouse, Colomiers, Blagnac)
France 16,992
Hamburg
(Finkenwerder, Stade, Buxtehude)
Germany 13,420
Broughton, Flintshire, Wales UK 5,031
Bristol (Filton), England UK 4,642
Bremen Germany 3,330
Madrid (Getafe, Illescas) Spain 2,484
Saint-Nazaire France 2,387
Nordenham Germany 2,086
Nantes France 1,996
Albert (Méaulte) France 1,288
Varel Germany 1,191
Laupheim Germany 1,116
Cadiz (Puerto Real) Spain 448
Washington, D.C. (Herndon, Ashburn) USA 422
Beijing PRC 150
Wichita USA ?
Mobile, Alabama USA ?
Miami (Miami Springs) USA ?
Sevilla Spain ?
Moscow Russia ?
Tianjin PRC planning
Total 56,966+

(Data as of December 31, 2006) New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... Colomiers is a commune in the département of Haute-Garonne and the Midi-Pyrénées region of France. ... Blagnac is a commune in the département of Haute-Garonne and the Midi-Pyrénées region of France. ... For other uses, see Hamburg (disambiguation). ... First Touch Down of A380 in Finkenwerder Hamburg Finkenwerder Airport (IATA: XFW, ICAO: EDHI) is an airport in the southwest part of Hamburg, Germany. ... View of the old hanse-harbor of Stade in 1987. ... Buxtehude is a town at the Este River in Northern Germany in the district of Stade and part of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (Metropolregion Hamburg). ... Broughton is a small district in north east Wales. ... Flintshire (Welsh: ) is a principal area and county in north-east Wales. ... This article is about the country. ... This article is about the English city. ... Filton is a town in South Gloucestershire, England, on the northern outskirts of the city of Bristol, about 4. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Getafe is a town in the southern metropolitan area of Madrid, Spain, 10 km from downtown. ... Saint-Nazaire is also a commune of the Gard département of France. ... Nordenham is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany with a population of roughly 28,000. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: Favet Neptunus eunti (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Albert is a commune of the Somme département, in northern France. ... Varel is a small town located in eastern Kansas. ... Location of Laupheim in Germany Laupheim is a city in the north of the district of Biberach, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... This article is about the Spanish city. ... Location of Puerto Real Municipality Cádiz Mayor José Antonio Barroso Toledo Area    - City 197 km²  - Land 197 km²  - Water 0. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Coordinates: , State Virginia County Fairfax County, Virginia Settled 1858 Area  - City 4. ... Ashburn, Virginia is an unincorporated area located in Loudoun County, Virginia, 30 miles west of Washington, D.C., and is part of the Washington Metropolitan Area. ... Peking redirects here. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... For other uses, see Wichita (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country State County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ... This article is about the city in Florida. ... Miami Springs is a city located in Miami-Dade County, Florida. ... This article is about the city in Spain. ... For other uses, see Moscow (disambiguation). ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Postal map spelling: Tientsin) is one of the four municipalities of China. ... For the Chinese civilization, see China. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


¹ Name of the urban/metropolitan area appears first, then in parenthesis are the exact locations of the plants


Airbus aircraft numbering system

The Airbus numbering system is an alpha numeric model number followed by a dash and a three digit number.


The model number takes the form of the letter "A" followed by three digits, e.g. A320. The succeeding three digit number represents the aircraft series, the engine manufacturer and engine version number respectively. To use an A320-200 with International Aero Engines (IAE) V2500-A1 engines as an example; The code is 2 for series 200, 3 for IAE and engine version 1, thus the aircraft number is A320-231.


An additional letter is sometimes used. These include, 'C' for a combi version (passenger/freighter), 'F' for a freighter model, 'R' for the long range model, and 'X' for the enhanced model.


Engine codes

 Code   Manufacturing Company 
0 General Electric (GE)
1 CFM International (GE/SNECMA)
2 Pratt & Whitney (P&W)
3 International Aero Engines (R-R, P&W, Kawasaki, Mitsubishi, and Ishikawajima-Harima)
4 Rolls-Royce (R-R)
6 Engine Alliance (GE and P&W)

GE-Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio (a Cincinnati suburb). ... Categories: Stub | Aircraft engine manufacturers | General Electric subsidiaries ... Pratt & Whitney is an American aircraft engine manufacturer whose products are widely used in both civil and military aircraft. ... An Airbus A320-232 with V2500 engines IAE International Aero Engines AG is a Zürich-registered joint venture formed in 1983. ... This article is about the aircraft engine company. ... The Engine Alliance, a 50/50 joint venture between General Electric and Pratt & Whitney, was formed in August 1996 to develop, manufacture, sell, and support a family of modern technology engines for new high-capacity, long-range aircraft. ...

References

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  4. ^ a b c d (2001) in Mark Nicholls: Airbus Jetliners: The European Solution, Classic Aircraft Series No.6. Stamford: Key Publishing. ISBN 0946219532. 
  5. ^ "Flying Without Frills", Hawker Siddeley Aviation, The Times, Friday, Feb 13, 1959; pg. 5
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  12. ^ Airbus: Corporate information: History - Record-breakers
  13. ^ "Platform envy", The Economist, 1998-12-12. Retrieved on 2007-09-08. 
  14. ^ "BAE Systems to sell Airbus stake." BBC News. 6 April 2006.
  15. ^ "BAE in Talks With EADS to Sell its 20% Airbus Stake; British Firm is Focusing Increasingly on Defense Market, Especially in U.S." Michaels, D. The Wall Street Journal. 7 April 2006.
  16. ^ BAE launches attack on EADS over Airbus superjumbo warning The Independent. Retrieved 15 June 2006
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  18. ^ Top Officials of Airbus and EADS Step Down - New York Times
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  20. ^ "BAE orders new Airbus audit" CNN.com 5 July 2006
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  22. ^ Hotten, Russell. "BAE vote clears sale of Airbus stake", Daily Telegraph, 2006-10-04. Retrieved on 2006-10-05. 
  23. ^ a b Matlack, Carol. "Airbus: First, Blame the Software", Businessweek, 5 October 2006. Retrieved on 2007-12-12. 
  24. ^ Wong, Kenneth. "What Grounded the Airbus A380?", CADALYST, 6 December 2006. Retrieved on 2007-12-12. 
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  26. ^ "The 737 Story: Smoke and mirrors obscure 737 and Airbus A320 replacement studies." Flight International. February 7, 2006.
  27. ^ "Airbus to base A320 production in Hamburg, 350s and 380s in Toulouse - report." Forbes. January 15, 2007.
  28. ^ Airbus A380 'Superjumbo' - Aerospace Technology
  29. ^ http://www.chron.com/disp/story.mpl/ap/fn/5782813.html
  30. ^ http://www.news.com/8301-11128_3-9945505-54.html
  31. ^ http://www.usatoday.com/travel/flights/2008-02-01-a380-biofuel_N.htm
  32. ^ http://www.usatoday.com/travel/flights/2008-02-01-a380-biofuel_N.htm
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  34. ^ a b c d e f Airbus Orders and Deliveries.
  35. ^ "See you in court; Boeing v Airbus; The Airbus-Boeing subsidy row", The Economist, The Economist Newspapers, 2005-03-25. Retrieved on 2007-09-06. 
  36. ^ [ http://uk.reuters.com/article/rbssIndustryMaterialsUtilitiesNews/idUKL2588121120080225 Airbus EAE tanker order - REUTERS]
  37. ^ Air tanker deal provokes US row, BBC, 1 March 2008
  38. ^ Boeing Protests U.S. Air Force Tanker Contract Award, Boeing, 11 March 2008
  39. ^ "Airbus signs framework agreement with Chinese consortium on A320 Final Assembly Line in China." EADS Airbus official press release. October 26, 2006.

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 234th day of the year (235th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 251st day of the year (252nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Wall Street Journal (WSJ) is an international daily newspaper published by Dow Jones & Company in New York City, New York, USA, with Asian and European editions, and a worldwide daily circulation of more than 2 million as of 2006, with 931,000 paying online subscribers. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 186th day of the year (187th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Flight International (or Flight) is a leading global aerospace weekly. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Forbes (disambiguation). ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 84th day of the year (85th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

The Airbus affair refers to allegations of secret commissions paid to members of the Brian Mulroney government in exchange for the purchase by Crown corporation Air Canada of a large order of Airbus jets. ... Air Canada (TSX: AC.A, TSX: AC.B) is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Boeing Commercial Airplanes is a unit of The Boeing Company, based in Renton, Washington consisting of the Seattle-based former Boeing Airplane Company (the civil airliner division), as well as the Long Beach-based Douglas Aircraft division of the former McDonnell Douglas Corporation. ... The Airbus A380 (max. ... For other uses, see Bombardier (disambiguation). ... Embraer, the Empresa Brasileira de Aeronáutica S.A. is a Brazilian aircraft manufacturer. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Airbus
  • Official Airbus website
  • Airbus North America
  • Pictures of the Airbus fleet
  • Yahoo! - Airbus SAS company profile
  • Complete production lists of all Airbus models
  • Airbus Family of Airliners (Video Compilation)
  • First Airbus A380 Formation Flight - Pictures

Key Airbus documents

  • Airbus 2006 Annual Review (PDF)
  • Airbus 2006 Results (PDF)
  • Airbus Results 1989 - 2006 (xls)
  • Airbus Orders & Deliveries 1974 - Feb 2008 (xls)
The Airbus A300 is a short to medium range widebody aircraft. ... The Airbus A300-600ST (Super Transporter) or Beluga is a version of the standard Airbus A300 wide-body airliner, modified to carry aircraft parts and over-sized or awkward cargo. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... The Airbus A310 is a medium to long-range widebody airliner manufactured by Airbus S.A.S. It was Airbus second model to be introduced, and is a shortened derivative of the A300. ... The Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range commercial passenger airliners are manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range commercial passenger airliners are manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range commercial passenger airliners are manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range commercial passenger airliners are manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A320 family of short- to medium-range commercial passenger airliners are manufactured by Airbus. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... The Airbus A330 is a large-capacity, wide-body, medium-to-long-range commercial passenger airliner. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... For the road in England, see A340 road. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... The Airbus A380 is a double-deck, wide-body, four-engine airliner manufactured by the European corporation Airbus, an EADS subsidiary. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 485 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Airbus A380 Copyright © 2007 David Monniaux File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Airbus A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport (MRTT) is an aerial refueling tanker aircraft based on the civilian A330-200. ... A350 redirects here. ... The Airbus A400M is a four-engine turboprop aircraft, designed by Airbus Military to meet the demand of European nations for military airlift. ... The Airbus NSR is a new project to competete with the Boeing Y1. ... The SE 210 Caravelle was the first short/medium-range jet airliner, produced by the French Sud Aviation firm starting in 1955 (when it was still known as SNCASE). ... For other uses, see Concorde (disambiguation). ... Aviation encompasses all the activities relating to airborne devices created by human ingenuity, generally known as aircraft. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ... This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: // Two- and four-stroke rotary, radial, inline. ... This is a list of aircraft engine manufacturers both past and present. ... This is a list of airlines in operation (by continents and country). ... This is a list of air forces, sorted alphabetically by country, followed by a list of former countries air forces. ... This is an incomplete list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by name. ... A Boeing 720 being flown under remote control as part of NASAs Controlled Impact Demonstration The following is a list of Unmanned aerial vehicles developed and operated by various countries around the world. ... This is a list of experimental aircraft. ... The SR-71 Blackbird is the current record holder. ... Flight distance records without refueling. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of altitude records reached by different aircraft types. ... The flight endurance record is the amount of time spent in the air. ... Aircraft with a production run greater than 5,000 aircraft. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Airbus Claims Boeing Rushed Composites into 7E7 (172 words)
Airbus engineers are claiming Boeing has rushed the development of the 7E7 Dreamliner.
For example, one Airbus VP stated that carbon composites are often no more than "fl aluminum," providing little advantage over conventional materials.
While that may be true in some cases, that is a design decision, not an inherent problem with the materials, and there is no evidence presented that Boeing is using that approach.
Airbus - Welcome to Airbus.com! (139 words)
Airbus ends the 10th Dubai Airshow with record orders
Airbus' 21st century flagship was given high marks for its comfort, quietness and smooth ride, with one passenger writing that the A380 experience "has put the excitement back into air travel..."
Airbus, an EADS Company, is a leading aircraft manufacturer with the most modern and comprehensive product line.
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