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Encyclopedia > Airborne Warning and Control System
NATO AWACS aircraft in flight. Photo credit: NATO
Beriev A-50 'Mainstay' AWACS aircraft of Russian Air Force

The Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) is an aircraft system designed to carry out surveillance, and C2BM (command and control, battle management) functions. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2200x1447, 384 KB) Image source: http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2200x1447, 384 KB) Image source: http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2245x1499, 703 KB)An air-to-air right side view of a Soviet MAINSTAY airborne warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2245x1499, 703 KB)An air-to-air right side view of a Soviet MAINSTAY airborne warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft. ... The Beriev Aircraft Company is a Russian aircraft manufacturer (design office prefix Be), specializing in amphibious aircraft. ... Beriev A-50 Mainstay The Beriev A-50 Russian: (Shmel, bumble-bee) (NATO reporting name: Mainstay) is a Russian airborne early warning (AEW) aircraft based on the Ilyushin Il-76 transport. ... The Russian Air Force (Russian: Военно-воздушные cилы России, transliteration: Voyenno-vozdushnye sily Rossii) is the air force of Russia. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...

Contents

General characteristics

Modern AWACS systems can detect aircraft from up to 400 km (250 miles) away, well out of range of most surface-to-air missiles except the Russian SA-5 and S-400. In air-to-air combat, AWACS systems can communicate with friendly aircraft, extend their sensor range and give them added stealth, since they no longer need their own active radar to detect threats. However, by the nature of radar, AWACS aircraft can be detected by opposing forces beyond its own detection range. This is because the outgoing pulse reduces in strength the further it travels. Therefore, a signal which is intended to go out and be reflected back must be strong enough to cover twice the distance between the sender and the target. An S-200 missile on its launcher. ... The S-400 Triumf or SA-X-21, Cyrillic C-400 Триумф) is a new generation of anti-aircraft/anti-missile weapon system developed by the Almaz Central Design Bureau as an upgrade of the S-300 family. ...


Boeing/Westinghouse AWACS system

This is a specific system with a rotating radar dome "rotodome" radome designed and built by Boeing (Defense & Space Group) using Westinghouse (now Northrop Grumman) radar. It is mounted on either the E-3 Sentry aircraft (Boeing 707) or more recently a modified Boeing 767. Only the Japanese Air Self-Defense Force has the 767 version, calling it the E-767. Radomes at the Misawa Security Operations Center, Misawa, Japan. ... The Boeing Company (NYSE: BA, TYO: 7661 ) is a major aerospace and defense corporation, originally founded by William Boeing. ... Northrop Grumman Electronic Systems was created by Northrop Grummans acquisition of Westinghouse Electronic Systems Group in 1996. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ... The E-3 Sentry is a military airborne warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft that provides all-weather surveillance, command, control and communications, to the United States, NATO and other air defense forces. ... The Boeing 707 is a four-engine commercial passenger jet airliner developed by Boeing in the early 1950s. ... American Airlines Boeing 767-300 at Gatwick Airport, England. ... Japans honor guard often marches to greet the arrival of foreign dignitaries. ... The Boeing E-767 is an Airborne Early Warning and Control aircraft. ...


National AWACS capabilities

AWACS aircraft are in service with the USAF, NATO, Russian Air Force, the RAF, French Air Force, Indian Air Force, Saudi Arabia. Greece and the Japan Air Self-Defense Force. The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the United States armed forces and one of the seven uniformed services. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague. ... The Russian Air Force (Russian: Военно-воздушные cилы России, transliteration: Voyenno-vozdushnye sily Rossii) is the air force of Russia. ... The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The French Air Force is the air force branch of the French Armed Forces. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... The Japan Self-Defense Forces ), or JSDF, are the military forces in Japan that were established after the end of World War II. The force has not been engaged in real combat but has been engaged in some international peacekeeping operations. ...


United States

The United States Air Force has an inventory of 33 E-3B and E-3C Sentry aircraft, of which one is a dedicated test bed and 32 are on active duty. One aircraft was lost in an accident. The majority of the USAF E-3s are located at Tinker Air Force Base in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, and have been operational since 1977. A water tower on the north side of Tinker Air Force Base Tinker Air Force Base — Oklahoma City Air Logistics Center (OC-ALC)— is a major U.S. Air Force military base located near Oklahoma City, in the suburb of Midwest City, Oklahoma. ... Downtown Oklahoma City The State Capitol of Oklahoma From The South Motto: Nickname: Capital of the New Century Founded 1889 Incorporated County Oklahoma County Cleveland County Canadian County Borough {{{borough}}} Parrish {{{parrish}}} Mayor Mick Cornett Area  - Total  - Water 1,608. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ...

  • The Air Battle Manager Badge and the Weapons Director Badge are two Air Force badges which are authorized for officer and enlisted personnel (respectively) assigned to E-3 aircraft or similar C3 functions carried out on ground radar systems. USAF AWACS Air Battle Managers (ABM) are awarded wings similar to pilots and navigators.

Master Air Battle Manager Badge The Air Battle Manager Badge is a military decoration of the United States Air Force which is issued to officers who have been trained and qualified for airborne command and control, air traffic control, electronic warfare, and airborne weapons capabilities. ... Master Weapons Director Badge The Weapons Director Badge is a decoration of the United States Air Force which is issued to personnel who are qualified in airborne command and control and have been specially trained as flight controllers with weapons release authority. ...

E-2 Hawkeye

The U.S. Navy (and the armed forces of several other nations) use the Grumman E-2 Hawkeye for its Airborne Early Warning (AEW) missions, though the U.S. uses it in a shipboard role. USN redirects here. ... A U.S. Navy E-2C Hawkeye of (VAW-113) launches from one of four steam-powered catapults onboard USS . ... United States Air Force E-3 Sentry An Airborne Early Warning (AEW) system is a radar system carried by an aircraft which is designed to detect other aircraft. ...


NATO, UK, France, Arabia

NATO has 17 E-3 Sentry aircraft, stationed in Geilenkirchen, Germany. One aircraft was lost in an accident. The UK possesses seven, Saudi Arabia has five, and France four additional planes. NATO Air Base Geilenkirchen, located near Geilenkirchen, Germany, is the main operating base of the NATO Airborne Early Warning Force (NAEWF) Commands E-3A Component (AWACS). ...


Russia

In service with the former Soviet Union, the Beriev A-50 "Mainstay" is an AWACS conversion of the standard Ilyushin Il-76 "Candid" strategic airlifter. Several foreign countries (China and India) have also used the Il-76 as the base platform for their own airborne radar needs. The Beriev Aircraft Company is a Russian aircraft manufacturer (design office prefix Be), specializing in amphibious aircraft. ... Beriev A-50 Mainstay The Beriev A-50 Russian: (Shmel, bumble-bee) (NATO reporting name: Mainstay) is a Russian airborne early warning (AEW) aircraft based on the Ilyushin Il-76 transport. ... Ilyushin (Russian: Илью́шин) is a Russian (formerly Soviet) aircraft manufacturer (design office prefix Il), founded by Sergey Vladimirovich Ilyushin. ... The Ilyushin Il-76 (NATO reporting name: Candid) is a 4-engined strategic airlifter designed in the Soviet Union and in widespread use in eastern Europe, Asia and Africa. ...


Israel

Israel has developed the IAI/Elta Phalcon system, which uses an Active Electronically Scanned Array in lieu of a rotodome antenna. The system is mounted on a Boeing platform. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... APAR AESA An Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA), also known as active phased array radar is a revolutionary type of radar whose transmitter and receiver functions are composed of numerous small transmit/receive (T/R) modules. ...


Israel has recently put in service a variant of the Gulfstream G550 aircraft, equipped with airborne radar systems made by Israel Aircraft Industries(IAI). The Gulfstream version is called the “Eitam”, and will be flown by the Nachshon squadron. The first of three Gulfstream G-550 AWACS was delivered to the IAF recently and the other two will follow over the next 2-3 years. Elta will install the radar and command and control equipment into three aircraft, worth over $500 million USD. The Gulfstream G-550 planes were funded with US military aid money. The Eitam will provide a radar picture of the combat zone, including SSR, and communicate with other aircraft and ground stations. The Gulfstream G500 is a private jet aircraft produced by Gulfstream Aerospace, Savannah, Georgia, USA, a General Dynamics company. ... A Secondary Surveillance Radar (SSR) is a radar device installed in air traffic control facilities to allow the precise identification of aircraft. ...


Other nations

The Israel (IAI) radar system has been sold to India and Chile. Australia, Turkey and Korea are to deploy versions of the AEW&C Boeing 737 variant, using the Northrop Grumman MESA (Multi-role Electronically Scanned Array) radar system. Pakistan Air Force have ordered six Saab-2000 Erieye AEW&C aircraft. The Royal Australian Air Force will take delivery of its first Boeing Wedgetail AEW aircraft in 2008. The so-called Wedgetail is the newest aircraft of its type. Recently, the ministry of defence of Singapore MINDEF announced that it's old E2-C's will be replaced by four Gulfstream G-550-AEW airplanes, as part of the modernization of the SAF. The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular short to medium range, single aisle, narrow body airliner. ... The Northrop Grumman Corporation (NYSE: NOC) is an aerospace and defense conglomerate that is the result of a 1994 merger between Northrop and Grumman. ... Branches of Service Pakistan Army Pakistan Air Force Pakistan Navy Pakistan Coast Guard Pakistan Paramilitary Forces Pakistan Strategic Nuclear Command Leadership Chairman of Joint Chiefs of Staff General Ehsan ul Haq Chief of Army Staff General Pervez Musharraf Chief of Air Staff Air Chief Marshal Tanvir Ahmed Chief of Naval... The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) is the Air Force branch of the Australian Defence Force. ... The Boeing 737 AEW&C is an Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft. ... MINDEF is an abreviation of Singapores Ministry of Defence Singapore Ministry of Defence link title ... SAF could mean Scientific American Frontiers Secretary of the Air Force Service Availability Forum in computing (External link) Singapore Armed Forces South Africa, the former IOC country code South Asian Federation Special Action Force Sudan Alliance Forces Svenska Arbetsgivareföreningen (Swedish Employers Association), a former Swedish organization, now part of...

E-3 Sentry just after takeoff
E-3 Sentry just after takeoff

Download high resolution version (800x678, 62 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (800x678, 62 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A Ryanair Boeing 737 takes off from Bristol International Airport, England Takeoff is the phase of flight where an aircraft transitions from moving along the ground (taxiing) to flying in the air (see flight), usually on a runway. ...

See also

United States Air Force E-3 Sentry An Airborne Early Warning (AEW) system is a radar system carried by an aircraft which is designed to detect other aircraft. ... The Boeing 737 AEW&C is an Airborne Early Warning & Control aircraft. ... A United States Navy EC-121 Warning Star US Air Force EC-121 Warning Star at the National Museum of the United States Air Force The EC-121 Warning Star was a US Air Force/US Navy version of the Lockheed Constellation designed to serve as an airborne early warning... ... Raytheon Production aircraft first flight The Raytheon Sentinel is under development as the RAFs ASTOR (Airborne STand-Off Radar) aircraft. ... // Introduction The Reagan administrations sale of AWACS (Airborne Warning and Control System) survielance plances to Saudi Arabia was a controversial part of what was then the largest foreign arms sale US history. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
AWACS

  Results from FactBites:
 
E-3 Sentry (985 words)
The E-3 Sentry is an airborne warning and control system (AWACS) aircraft that provides all-weather surveillance, command, control and communications needed by commanders of U.S., NATO and other allied air defense forces.
As an air defense system, E-3s can detect, identify and track airborne enemy forces far from the boundaries of the United States or NATO countries.
With its mobility as an airborne warning and control system, the Sentry has an greater chance of surviving in warfare than a fixed, ground-based radar system.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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