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Encyclopedia > Ahrensburg culture

The Ahrensburg culture (ca 9000 BC– ca 8400 BC was a late Upper Paleolithic culture during the Younger Dryas, the last spell of cold at the end of the Wiechsel glaciation. The culture is named after village of Ahrensburg, 25 km northeast of Hamburg in the German state of Schleswig-Holstein where wooded arrow shafts and clubs have been excavated. There archaeologists have found three important settlements: (10th millennium BC – 9th millennium BC – 8th millennium BC – other millennia) Beginning of the Neolithic time period of the Holocene epoch. ... The Upper Paleolithic (or Upper Palaeolithic) is the third and last subdivision of the Paleolithic or Old Stone Age as it is understood in Europe, Africa and Asia. ... In archaeology, culture refers to either of two separate but allied concepts: An archaeological culture is a pattern of similar artefacts and features found within a specific area over a limited period of time. ... Three temperature records, the GRIP one clearly showing the Younger Dryas event at around 11 kyr BP The Younger Dryas stadial, named after the alpine / tundra wildflower Dryas octopetala, and also referred to as the Big Freeze [1], was a brief (approximately 1300 ± 70 years [1]) cold climate period following... The Wisconsin (in North America), Weichsel (in Scandinavia), Devensian (in the British Isles), Midlandian (in Ireland) or Würm glaciation (in the Alps) is the most recent period of the Ice Age, and ended some 10,000 BC. The Wisconsin/Weichsel/Devensian/Midlandian/Würm glaciation began about 70,000... Ahrensburg is a town in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany. ... Alster Lake at dusk Hamburg is the second largest city in Germany and with Hamburg Harbour, its principal port, Hamburg is also the second largest port city in the European Union. ... Schleswig-Holstein is the northernmost of the 16 Bundesländer in Germany. ...

  • Meiendorf from the Elder Dryas, ca 10000 BC– ca 9700 BC, with finds from the so-called Hamburg culture.
  • Stellmoor with a lower layer from the Hamburg culture, and an upper layer from the Ahrensburg culture.
  • Borneck which also belongs to the Ahrensburg culture.

The settlements were in close proximity to the rim of the Ice, and the landscape was tundra with bushy arctic white birch and rowan. The most important prey was the wild reindeer, and the hunters ranged areas as large as 100 000 km². The Older Dryas was a somewhat variable cold, dry Blytt-Sernander period of North Europe, roughly equivalent to Pollen zone 1c. ... (Redirected from 10000 BC) (Pleistocene, Paleolithic – 10th millennium BC – 9th millennium BC – other millennia) Beginning of the Mesolithic, or Epipaleolithic time period, which is the first part of the Holocene epoch. ... The Hamburg culture (12400 BP-12100 BP, C14-years) was a late Upper Paleolithic culture of reindeer hunters during the last part of the Weichsel Glaciation. ... In physical geography, tundra is an area where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... Binomial name Betula pubescens Ehrh. ... This article is about the rowan tree; for other uses of the term, see Rowan (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus (Linnaeus, 1758) For the musician, please see Caribou (musician). ...


Stellmoor was a seasonal settlement inhabited primarily during October, and bones from 650 reindeer have been found there. The hunting tool was bow and arrow. From Stellmoor there are also well-preserved arrow shafts of pine intended for the culture's characteristic skaftunge arrowheads of flintstone. A number of intact reindeer skeletons, with arrowheads in the chest, has been found, and they were probably sacrifices to higher powers. At the settlements, archaeologists have found circles of stone, which probably were the foundations of hide teepees. Look up October in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Bow may mean: Bow (knot): A type of knot Bow (music): A device used to play string instruments Bow (ship): The foremost point of the hull of a ship or boat Bow (weapon): An archery weapon that uses elasticity to propel arrows Bow (human): Bowing is the act of lowering... Japanese arrow (ya) and head // Weapon An arrow is a pointed projectile that is shot with a bow. ... Binomial name Pinus sylvestris L. The Scots Pine (Pinus sylvestris; family Pinaceae) is a common tree ranging from Great Britain and Spain east to eastern Siberia and the Caucasus Mountains, and as far north as Lapland. ... Pebble beach made up of flint nodules eroded out of the nearby chalk cliffs, Cape Arkona, Rügen Flint (or flintstone) is a hard, sedimentary cryptocrystalline silica rock with a glassy appearance. ... Categories: Stub | Buildings and structures | Survival skills ...


The relationship between the Ahrensburg and the Hamburg cultures is uncertain. The settlement at Jels in Sønderjylland, probably belongs to the Hamburg culture. Another culture of reindeer hunters, the Bromme culture, is known from several settlements in Denmark and from the settlement at Segebro, near Malmö, Sweden's oldest known settlement. Sønderjyllands Amt (English: South Jutland County) is a county (Danish, amt) on the south-central portion of the Jutland peninsula in southern Denmark. ... The Bromme culture is a late Upper Paleolithic culture dated to the Alleröd Age, ca 9700 BC-9000 BC, a warmer spell between the Elder Dryas and the Younger Dryas, the last cold periods of the late Weichsel Glaciation. ... â–¶(?) IPA: [málmø:] is the third largest city in Sweden, situated in the southernmost province of SkÃ¥ne, near Copenhagen, Denmark. ...


The Bromme culture belongs to the warmer Alleröd Age between the Older and the Younger Dryas, ca 9700 BC-9000 BC, with white birch forests. The Bromme culture and the Ahrensburg culture are so similar that they are sometimes subsumed under the label Lyngby culture. (10th millennium BC – 9th millennium BC – 8th millennium BC – other millennia) Beginning of the Neolithic time period of the Holocene epoch. ... Binomial name Betula pubescens Ehrh. ... The Lyngby culture is a proposed name for the combination of the highly similar Ahrensburg and Bromme cultures as one and the same. ...


References


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