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Encyclopedia > Ahmedabad
  ?Ahmedabad
Gujarat • India
 Ahmedabad 
Coordinates: 23°02′N 72°35′E / 23.03, 72.58
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation
190 km² (73 sq mi)
• 53 m (174 ft)
District(s) Ahmedabad
Population
Density
Metro
4,269,846 (2008)
• 22,473 /km² (58,205 /sq mi)
• 5,680,566 (7th) (2008)
Mayor Kanaji Thakor
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 380 0XX
• +079
• GJ-1

Coordinates: 23°02′N 72°35′E / 23.03, 72.58 Ahmedabad (Gujarati: અમદાવાદ Amdāvād, Hindi: अहमदाबाद Ahmadābād ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5.6 million).[1] Located on the banks of the River Sabarmati, the city is the administrative centre of Ahmedabad district, and was the capital of Gujarat from 1960 to 1970; the capital was shifted to Gandhinagar thereafter. The city is sometimes called Karnavati, a name for an older town that existed in the same location; in colloquial Gujarati, it is commonly called Amdavad. This article is for the Indian state. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links India_Gujarat_locator_map. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... The divisions of a district. ... Ahmedabad district is surrounded by Mehsana, Sabarkantha, and Gandhinagar districts to the north, Kheda district to the east, the Gulf of Cambay and Bhavnagar district to the south, and Surendranagar district to the west. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article lists the top fifty metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2007. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Gujarati (ગુજરાતી GujÇŽrātÄ«; also known as Gujerati, Gujarathi, Guzratee, and Guujaratee[3]) is an Indo-Aryan language descending from Sanskrit, and part of the greater Indo-European language family. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... Image File history File links Ahmedabad. ... India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a National Capital Territory. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... This article lists the top fifty metropolitan areas in India by population as of 2007. ... A lakh (Hindi/Nepali : लाख, Urdu: Ù„Ú©Ú¾, Bengali: , Telugu : లక్ష, Tamil : இலட்சம்) is a unit in the Indian numbering system, widely used both in official and other contexts in Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Pakistan. ... Sabarmati river is a river in Western India. ... Ahmedabad district is surrounded by Mehsana, Sabarkantha, and Gandhinagar districts to the north, Kheda district to the east, the Gulf of Cambay and Bhavnagar district to the south, and Surendranagar district to the west. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Gandhinagar   (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ...


Ahmedabad was founded in 1411 by Sultan Ahmed Shah to serve as the capital of the Sultanate of Gujarat. The city is named after its founder. Under British rule, a military cantonment was established and the city infrastructure was modernised and expanded. Although incorporated into the Bombay Presidency during the British rule in India, Ahmedabad remained the most important city in the Gujarat region. The city established itself as the home of a booming textile industry, which earned it the nickname "the Manchester of the East."[2] The city was at the forefront of the Indian independence movement in the first half of the 20th century.[2] It was the centre of many campaigns of civil disobedience to promote workers' rights, civil rights and political independence. Ahmed Shah was a sultan of Gujarats ruling Muzaffarid dynasty from 1411 until his death in 1442. ... The Muzaffarid dynasty were sultans of Gujarat in western India from 1391 to 1583. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy... A cantonment is a temporary or semi-permanent military quarters, typically in South India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. ... Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial... For other uses, see Civil disobedience (disambiguation). ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ...


With the creation of the state of Gujarat in 1960, Ahmedabad gained prominence as the political and commercial capital of the state. Once characterised by dusty roads and bungalows, the city is witnessing a major construction boom and population increase. A rising centre of education, information technology and scientific industries, Ahmedabad remains the cultural and commercial heart of Gujarat, and much of western India. Since 2000, the city has been transformed through the construction of skyscrapers, shopping malls and multiplexes.[3][dead link] However, this progress has been marred by natural calamities, political instability and outbreaks of communal violence. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... [Image:Bungalows. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The culture of India has been shaped by the long history of India, all the while absorbing customs, traditions and ideas from both immigrants and invaders, yet resiliently preserving the ancient Vedic culture derived from the Indus Valley Civilization. ... The economy of India, measured in USD exchange-rate terms, is the twelfth largest in the world, with a GDP of US $1. ... A typical AMC Theatres multiplex. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Ahmedabad

Archaeological evidence suggests that the area around Ahmedabad has been inhabited since the 11th century, when it was known as Ashapalli or Ashaval. At that time, Karandev I, the Solanki ruler of Anhilwara (modern Patan), waged a successful war against the Bhil king of Ashaval. Soon after the victory, he established a city called Karnavati on the banks of the Sabarmati at the site of modern Ahmedabad. Solanki rule lasted until the 13th century, when Gujarat came under the control of the Vaghela dynasty of Dholka and Ahmedabad was conquered by the Sultanate of Delhi. This page provides a Historical timeline of Ahmedabad, the sixth largest city in India. ... Ashaval was the city which existed in place of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India in the eleventh century. ... Karandev I was a Solanki ruler credited with laying the foundation of the city of Karnavati, an old name for the city of Ahmedabad in western India. ... For the English cricketer, See Vikram Solanki The Solanki or Chalukya is a Hindu Gurjar,Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... For other uses, see Patan. ... Bhils are a tribal people of central India. ... The Vaghela dynasty was a ruling clan of Gujarat, India. ... Dholka is a town in western India. ... The Delhi Sultanate, or Sulthanath-e-Hind/Sulthanath-e-Dilli refers to the various dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ...

Map of Ahmedabad, depicted in a miniature style painting on a cloth, circa 19th century

In 1411, the rule of the Muzaffarid dynasty was established in Gujarat. According to tradition, Sultan Ahmed Shah, while camping on the banks of the River Sabarmati, saw a hare chasing a dog. Impressed by this act of bravery, the Sultan, who had been looking for a place to build his new capital, decided to locate the capital here and called it Ahmedabad.[4] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1296x1632, 1259 KB) Summary Map of Ahmedabad, depicted in a miniature style painting on a cloth, circa 19th Century Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Ahmedabad Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1296x1632, 1259 KB) Summary Map of Ahmedabad, depicted in a miniature style painting on a cloth, circa 19th Century Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Ahmedabad Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital... The Muzaffarid dynasty were sultans of Gujarat in western India from 1391 to 1583. ... Ahmed Shah was a sultan of Gujarats ruling Muzaffarid dynasty from 1411 until his death in 1442. ...


In 1487, Mahmud Begada, the grandson of Ahmed Shah, fortified the city with an outer wall 10 km (6 miles) in circumference and consisting of twelve gates, 189 bastions and over 6,000 battlements. Ahmedabad was ruled by the Muzaffarid dynasty until 1573 when Muzaffar II was the Sultan of Ahmedabad. Gujarat was then conquered by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1573. During the Mughal reign, Ahmedabad became one of the Empire's thriving centres of trade, mainly in textiles, which were exported to as far as Europe. The Mughal ruler Shahjahan spent the prime of his life in the city, sponsoring the construction of the Moti Shahi Mahal in Shahibaug. The armies of the Maratha generals Raghunath Rao and Damaji Gaekwad captured the city and ended Mughal rule in Ahmedabad. A famine in 1630 and the constant conflicts between the Peshwa and the Gaekwad armies virtually destroyed many parts of the city, causing its population to flee.[5] The British East India Company took over the city in 1818 as a part of the conquest of India. A military cantonment was established in 1824 and a municipal government in 1858. In 1864, a railway link between Ahmedabad and Mumbai (then Bombay) was established by the Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (BB&CI), making Ahmedabad an important junction in the traffic and trade between northern and southern India. Large numbers of people migrated from rural areas to work in textile mills, establishing a robust industry. Mahmud Begada (May 25, 1458 – 1511) also known as Sultan Mahmud I was the great-grandson of Ahmed Shah, the founder of the Muslim Ahmadshahi Kingdom, and of the City of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ... For the fortification of food, see Food fortification. ... Old Ahmedabad city, Gujarats commercial capital, was encompassed within a fort. ... The point of a bastion on a reconstructed French fort in Illinois. ... It has been suggested that crenellation, crenel and merlon be merged into this article or section. ... Muzafar II was the last sultan of Ahmedabad from the Muzaffarid dynasty. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... This article or section should be merged with Shah Jahen—preferably maintaining this as the main entry. ... Sardar Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad. ... Shahibaug is a locality of the city of Ahmedabad, where amongst other colonial and Mughal-era monuments stands the Moti Shahi Mahal. ... The Marāthās (Marathi: , also Mahrattas) form an Indo Aryan group of Hindu warriors and peasants hailing mostly from the present-day state of Maharashtra, who created a the expansive Maratha Empire, covering a major part of India, in the late 17th and 18th centuries. ... Raghunathrao was Peshwa of the Maratha Confederacy from 1773 to 1774. ... <nowiki>Insert non-formatted text hereBold text</nowiki>A famine is a social and economic crisis that is commonly accompanied by widespread malnutrition, starvation, epidemic and increased mortality. ... The Maratha Empire at its peak in 1760 The Peshwa(Marathi:पेशवे or पेशवा) (also known in Marathi as Peshwe) were Brahmin Prime Ministers to the Maratha Chattrapatis (Kings), who began commanding Maratha armies and later became the hereditary rulers of the Maratha empire of central India from 1749 to 1818. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... The Bombay, Baroda, and Central India Railway (BB&CI) was a company incorporated in 1855 to undertake the task of constructing a railway line between Bombay and Surat in India. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ... The geographical south of India includes all Indian territory below the 20th parallel. ...


The Indian independence movement developed strong roots in the city when, in 1915, Mahatma Gandhi established two ashrams — the Kochrab Ashram near Paldi in 1915 and the Satyagraha Ashram (now Sabarmati Ashram) on the banks of the Sabarmati in 1917 — that would become centres of intense nationalist activities. During the mass protests against the Rowlatt Act in 1919, textile workers burned down 51 government buildings across the city in protest at a British attempt to extend wartime regulations after the First World War.[6] In the 1920s, textile workers and teachers went on strike, demanding civil rights and better pay and working conditions. In 1930, Gandhi initiated the Salt Satyagraha from Ahmedabad by embarking from his ashram on the famous Dandi Salt March. The city administration and economic institutions were rendered functionless by the large masses of people who took to the streets in peaceful protests in the early 1930s, and again in 1942 during the Quit India movement. Following independence and the partition of India in 1947, the city was scarred by intense communal violence that broke out between Hindus and Muslims. The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial... “Gandhi” redirects here. ... An Ashram (Pronounced aashram) in ancient India was a Hindu hermitage where sages (See Rishi) lived in peace and tranquility amidst nature. ... The Kochrab Ashram was the first ashram organized by Mohandas Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement. ... Paldi is an area located in Ahmedabad, India. ... Sabarmati Ashram Sabarmati Ashram (Gujarati: સાબરમતી આશ્રમ also known as Gandhi Ashram, Harijan Ashram, or Satyagraha Ashram) is located in the Ahmedabad suburb of Sabarmati and on the western banks of the Sabarmati River. ... ... The Rowlatt Act was passed in 1919 and basically authorised the government to imprison any person living in the Raj without trial on suspicion of being a terrorist. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Scenes on the eve of the Salt Satyagraha, Gandhis famous 240 mile march on foot to the sea at Dandi. ... Scenes on the eve of the Salt Satyagraha, Gandhis famous 240 mile march on foot to the sea at Dandi. ... The Quit India Movement (Bharat Chhodo Andolan or the August Movement) was a civil disobedience movement in India launched in August 1942 in response to Mahatma Gandhis call for immediate independence of India. ... This article is under construction. ... India is the birthplace of Hinduism. ... Islam in India is the second-most practiced religion after Hinduism. ...

Ahmedabad became the capital of the new state of Gujarat after the bifurcation of the State of Bombay on 1 May 1960. During that period, a large number of educational and research institutions were founded in the city, making it a major centre of higher education, science and technology. Ahmedabad's economic base was diversified with the establishment of heavy and chemical industries in its vicinity around the same period. But the growth in the next two decades was punctuated by political events in and around the city. In February 1974, Ahmedabad occupied the centre stage in national politics with the launch of the Nav Nirman agitation — a protest against a 20% hike in the hostel food fees at the L.D. College of Engineering that snowballed into a mass agitation to remove Chimanbhai Patel, then-chief minister of Gujarat, on charges of corruption.[7] In the 1980s, a reservation policy was introduced in the country, which led to anti-reservation protests in 1981 and 1985. The protests witnessed violent clashes between people belonging to various castes.[8] Sabarmati Ashram Sabarmati Ashram (Gujarati: સાબરમતી આશ્રમ also known as Gandhi Ashram, Harijan Ashram, or Satyagraha Ashram) is located in the Ahmedabad suburb of Sabarmati and on the western banks of the Sabarmati River. ... “Gandhi” redirects here. ... Bombay state is a former state of India. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... India has been a major seat of learning for thousands of years. ... Heavy industry does not have a single fixed meaning compared to light industry. ... The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals. ... The Nav Nirman (Re-invention) movement was a socio-political movement that occurred in 1974 in Gujarat. ... L.D.COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING,AHMEDABAD L.D is the engineering college in Gujarat city adminsitered by the government of Gujrat District. ... Chimanbhai Patel (1929 1994) is a former chief minister of Gujarat state in India. ... Reservation in Indian law is a term used to describe the governmental policy whereby a percentage of seats are reserved in the Parliament of India, State Legislative Assemblies, Central and State Civil Services, Public Sector Units, Central and State Governmental Departments and in all Public and Private Educational Institutions, except... The Indian caste system describes the social stratification and social restrictions in the Indian subcontinent, in which social classes are defined by thousands of endogamous, hereditary groups often termed as jātis or castes. ...


On 26 January 2001 a devastating earthquake struck the city, centred near Bhuj, measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale. As many as 50 multistory buildings collapsed, killing 752 people and devastating the city's infrastructure.[9] The following year, communal riots between Hindus and Muslims spread to Ahmedabad, paralysing the city for more than a month. The crisis resulted in the deaths of an estimated 1,044 people across the state.[10] The displacement of thousands of Muslims led to the erection of refugee camps around the city. is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The 2001 Gujarat earthquake was reportedly the most devastating earthquake in India in recent history. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Richter magnitude scale, or more correctly local magnitude ML scale, assigns a single number to quantify the amount of seismic energy released by an earthquake. ... The skyline of Ahmedabad filled with smoke as buildings and shops are set on fire by rioting mobs. ...


In recent years, the effects of globalisation and the liberalisation of the Indian economy has energised the city's economy.[3] The city has witnessed the establishment of scientific and service industries, the expansion of the information technology sector, and significant improvements in transportation and communications. Ahmedabad's population is growing, which has resulted in a construction and housing boom. However, this has challenged the city's infrastructure and power supply.[3] Economic globalization has had an impact on the worldwide integration of different cultures. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... This is a list of States and Union Territories of India by installed capacity of power utilities with generation mode break-up as of 3 April 2006 published by the Ministry of Power with figures in millions of watts. ...


Geography and climate

River Sabarmati
Vastrapur Lake
The Gujarat High Court in Ahmedabad.

Ahmedabad is located at 23.03° N 72.58° E in western India at an elevation of 53 metres (174 feet). The city sits on the banks of the River Sabarmati, in north-central Gujarat. It spans an area of 205 km² (79.15 square miles). The Sabarmati frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water. The city is located in a sandy and dry area. Many of the localities and roads are often spread in sand, reflecting the intensifying fallout caused by deforestation. The steady expansion of the Rann of Kutch threatens to increase desertification around the city area and much of the state. Except for the small hills of Thaltej-Jodhpur Tekra, the city is almost flat. Two lakes are within the city's limits — Kankaria Lake and Vastrapur Lake. Kankaria lake, in the neighbourhood of Maninagar, is an artificial lake developed by the Sultan of Delhi, Qutb-ud-din Aybak, in 1451.[11] According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the town falls under seismic zone-III, in a scale of I to V (in order of increasing proneness to earthquakes) while the wind and cyclone zoning is "very high damage risk", according to UNDP report.[12] Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the River Sabarmati in the northern part of Gujarat and the western part of India. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1952, 1873 KB) Summary The River Sabarmati in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Picture taken by me, Nichalp on 28-Jan-2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2592x1952, 1873 KB) Summary The River Sabarmati in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Picture taken by me, Nichalp on 28-Jan-2006 Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... The Gujarat High Court is the High Court of the state of Gujarat. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Sabarmati is a river in Western India. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... This article is about the process of deforestation in the environment. ... Rann of Kutch on the Top Left. ... For the labor union vitiation procedure, see NLRB election procedures#Decertification elections. ... The Thaltej-Jodhpur Tekra are a small group of hills located near Ahmedabad in India. ... Kankaria is the biggest lake of the city of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. ... The Vastrapur Lake is a lake situated in the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat in western India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Qutb-ud-din Aybak was a ruler of Medieval India, the first Sultan of Delhi and founder of the Slave dynasty (also known as the Mamluk dynasty). ... The BIS logo The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), the National Standards Body of India is involved in the development of technical standards (popularly known as Indian Standards), product quality and management system certifications and consumer affairs. ... The Indian subcontinent has had a history of devastating earthquakes. ... The United Nations Development Programe (UNDP), the United Nations global development network, is the largest multilateral source of development assistance in the world. ...


There are three main seasons: summer, monsoon and winter. Aside from the monsoon season, the climate is dry. The weather is hot through the months of March to June — the average summer maximum is 36 °C (97 °F), and the average minimum is 23 °C (73 °F). From November to February, the average maximum temperature is 30 °C (85 °F), the average minimum is 15 °C (59 °F), and the climate is extremely dry. Cold northerly winds are responsible for a mild chill in January. The southwest monsoon brings a humid climate from mid-June to mid-September. The average rainfall is 93.2 cm (36.7 inches), but infrequent heavy torrential rains cause the river to flood. The highest temperature recorded is 47 °C (116.6 °F) and the lowest is 5 °C (41 °F).[13] In recent years, Ahmedabad has suffered from increasing air, water and soil pollution from neighbouring industrial areas and textile mills. For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... A centimetre (American spelling centimeter, symbol cm) is a unit of length that is equal to one hundredth of a metre, the current SI base unit of length. ... Flooding near Key West, Florida, United States from Hurricane Wilmas storm surge in October 2005 For other uses, see Flood (disambiguation). ...


Ahmedabad is divided by the Sabarmati into two physically distinct eastern and western regions. The eastern bank of the river houses the old city, which includes the central town of Bhadra. This part of Ahmedabad is characterised by packed bazaars, the clustered and barricaded pol system of close clustered buildings, and numerous places of worship. It houses the main railway station, the General Post Office, and landmark buildings of the Muzaffarid and British eras. The colonial period saw the expansion of the city to the western side of Sabarmati, facilitated by the construction of Ellis Bridge in 1875 and later with the modern Nehru Bridge. This part of the city houses educational institutions, modern buildings, well-planned residential areas, shopping malls, multiplexes and new business districts centred around C. G. Road, Ashram Road, and more recently, the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway.[14] In Hinduism, Bhadra is a goddess of the hunt and one of Shivas servants. ... A pol in Ahmedabad A pol (pronounced as pole) is a housing cluster which comprises many families of a particular group, linked by caste, profession, or religion. ... The Ellis Bridge is a major landmark structure in the city of Ahmedabad, as well as an artery of public transport across the river Sabarmati. ... The Nehru Bridge is a major bridge over the river Sabarmati, and serves as an artery of major public transport for the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ... C. G. Road is one of the main roads of Ahmedabad. ... The Ashram Road is one of the major roads in the city of Ahmedabad in India. ... The Sartej-Gandhinagar Highway connects the city of Ahmedabad with Gandhinagar, the capital of the state of Gujarat, India. ...


Civic administration

Balvantrai Thakore, Sardar Patel and Ganesh Mavlankar at a ceremony held in the municipality compound to celebrate centenary year of the Ahmedabad Municipality in 1935
Ahmedabad city officials
Mayor Kanaji Thakor
Municipal Commissioner I. P. Gautam
Police Commissioner O. P.Mathur

Ahmedabad is administered by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC). Some of the regions surrounding the city are administered by the Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA). The AMC was established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949. For administrative purposes, the city is divided into five zones and 43 wards. Three corporators are elected from each ward,[15] who in turn elect a mayor. Executive powers are vested in the municipal commissioner, who is an IAS officer appointed by the Gujarat state government. The mayor is responsible for the day-to-day running of the municipal school board, the city bus service, the municipal hospital, and the city library. The city serves as the headquarters of Ahmedabad district and as the seat of the Gujarat High Court. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1248x896, 836 KB)Balvantrai Thakore, Sardar Patel and Ganesh Mavlankar at a ceremony held in the municipality compound to celebrate centenary year of the Ahmedabad Municipality, 1935 Source: Scanned from The Ahmedabad Chronicle - Imprints of a Millennium Photographer: Pranlal Patel File... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1248x896, 836 KB)Balvantrai Thakore, Sardar Patel and Ganesh Mavlankar at a ceremony held in the municipality compound to celebrate centenary year of the Ahmedabad Municipality, 1935 Source: Scanned from The Ahmedabad Chronicle - Imprints of a Millennium Photographer: Pranlal Patel File... G.V. Mavlankar Ganesh Vasudev Mavlankar was an Indian freedom fighter and the first Speaker of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. ... I. P. Gautam is is an 1986 batch IAS officer of Gujarat cadre. ... The Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation or the AMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949, is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Ahmedabad. ... The Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority is a civilian government body responsible for overseeing and sanctioning construction and infrastructure development across the suburbs of the city of Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat in India. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The (IAS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Police Service (IPS) and the Indian Forest Service (IFS). ... The Gujarat High Court is the High Court of the state of Gujarat. ...


The Ahmedabad city police are headed by a Police Commissioner, an IPS officer. Electricity in the city is provided by Torrent Power AEC Limited, previously a state-run corporation. The city elects one member to the Lok Sabha and seven to the Gujarat Vidhan Sabha. Two main political parties have won a significant number of seats in elections — the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Indian National Congress. Of the thirteen assembly seats of Ahmedabad, ten were won by the BJP and three by the Congress Party during the legislative elections in 2007.[16] In the 2005 Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation elections, the BJP won 96 seats, 32 seats went to the Congress, and one seat went to an independent candidate.[17] Police Commissioner (or Commissioner of Police) is the title of the chief officer of many law enforcement agencies. ... The Indian Police Service (IPS) is one of the three All India Services of the Government of India; other two services being the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Foreign Service (IFS). ... Torrent Power Limited is a part of Rs. ... The Lok Sabhha (alternatively titled, the House of the People, by the Constitution of India) is the lower house in the Parliament of India. ... Vidhan Sabha, the name of the state-level legislature assemblies in India. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The Bharatiya Janata Party [BJP] (Hindi: , translation: Indian Peoples Party), created in 1980, is a major right wing Indian political party. ... Indian National Congress, Congress-I (also known as the Congress Party and abbreviated INC) is a major political party in India. ...


Economy

Retail is a big portion of the commercial economy
Main article: Economy of Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad is the largest inland industrial centre in western India, and has historically enjoyed a reputation as an important base of commerce, trade and industry. Under Muzaffarid rule, the city was a major trade destination for western India, because of its proximity to the port at Surat and for its access to the hinterland of Gujarat. In the 19th century, the textile and garments industry developed and thrived in the city — on 30 May 1861 Ranchhodlal Chhotalal founded the first Indian textile mill, the Ahmedabad Spinning and Weaving Company Limited. This was followed by the establishment of a series of textile mills such as the Calico Mills in 1880 by Maganbhai, and mills founded by industrialists such as Ambalal Sarabhai and Kasturbhai Lalbhai.[3] Arvind Mills, located in Ahmedabad, is one of the largest textile mills in the country. A retail mall on the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway Ahmedabad is the largest inland industrial center and the second largest industrial center in western India after Mumbai. ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... is the 150th day of the year (151st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Ranchhodlal Chhotalal (1823-1898) was a pioneer of the textile industry in Ahmedabad. ... The Ahmedabad Spinning and Weaving Company Ltd. ... The Calico Mills is one of Ahmedabad’s earliest textile mills established in 1880. ... Ambalal Sarabhai (1890-1967) was a leading industrialist of Ahmedabad and also played an important role in Indias freedom struggle. ... Kasturbhai Lalbhai (19 December 1894 – 20 January 1980) was an Indian industrialist. ... Arvind Mills, the flagship company of the Lalbhai Group, has existed since 1931. ...


Ahmedabad has a thriving chemicals and pharmaceuticals industry. Two of the biggest pharmaceutical companies of India — Zydus Cadila and Torrent Pharmaceuticals — are based in the city. The city serves as the corporate headquarters of the Adani Group, which is a leading multinational trading and infrastructure development company. The Nirma group of industries, which runs a large number of detergent and chemical industrial units, has its corporate headquarters in the city. In recent year many foreign companies have set up their sales offices and production facilities in Ahmedabad. Amongst them are Bosch Rexroth, Germany (hydraulic components); Stork, Netherlands (textile machinery; joint venture with ATE, India's leading textile equipment trading house); Rollepaal, Netherlands (pipe extrusion equipment); and Johnson Pumps, Sweden. This is a list of pharmaceutical and biotech companies that are major manufacturers on global or national markets : Abbott Laboratories Able Laboratories Akzo Nobel Allergan Almirall Prodesfarma Alphapharm Altana (previously Byk Gulden) ALZA, part of Johnson & Johnson Amgen AstraZeneca, formed from the merger of Astra AB and Zeneca Group PLC... Zydus Cadila is an Indian pharmaceutical company headquartered at Ahmedabad in Gujarat state of western India. ... Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd. ... The Adani Group is a leading trading and export company of India with revenues of $3. ... Nirma is a group of companies based in the city of Ahmedabad in western India manufacturing products ranging from cosmetics, soaps, detergents and salt. ... Logo of Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH [1] is a German corporation which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany. ... Stork is a Dutch manufacturing and service providing company with its headquarters in Naarden. ... Rollepaal BV is a Dutch manufacturer of pipe extrusion equipment (mainly for PVC and PO pipes). ...


The completion and operation of the Sardar Sarovar Project of dams and canals has improved the supply of potable water and electricity for the city. In recent years, the Gujarat government has increased investment in the modernisation of the city's infrastructure, providing for the construction of larger roads and improvements to water supply, electricity and communications. The information technology industry has developed significantly in Ahmedabad.[3] A NASSCOM survey in 2002 on the "Super Nine Indian Destinations" for IT-enabled services ranked Ahmedabad fifth among the top nine most competitive cities in the country.[18] The Narmada Dam Project, known officially as the Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP), is a project involving the construction of a series of large hydroelectric dams on the Narmada River in India. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The National Association of Software and Services Companies (NASSCOM), the Indian chamber of commerce that serves as an interface to the Indian Software Industry and Indian BPO Industry NASSCOM’s member companies are in the business of software development, software services, and IT-enabled/BPO services. ...


A diverse labour force of migrant workers from different parts of Gujarat and neighbouring states is integral to the economy of the city. These workers provide vital household labour and services for the city's large middle class. Ahmedabad plays a strong and significant role in providing commercial resources and market access for the economies of neighbouring cities. A majority of the working-age citizens of Ahmedabad are traders and business people. This has led to the creation of major mercantile corporations and artisan guilds that are a key influence on the economic life of Gujarat. The city's educational and industrial institutions have attracted students and young skilled workers from the rest of India.[3] An artisan, also called a craftsman,[1] is a skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft. ...


Demographics

As of 2001 India census,[19] Ahmedabad had a population of 3,515,361. This figure was limited to the municipal region. The total population of the Ahmedabad Urban Agglomeration (which includes the region governed by AUDA) came to 4.5 million, and is estimated to have grown to 5.6 million in 2008.[20] There are 886 females to every 1000 males. Ahmedabad has a literacy rate of 79.89%, which is the highest in Gujarat (87.81% males and 71.12% females are literate).[21] According to the census for the Ninth Plan, there are 30,737 rural families living in Ahmedabad. Of those, 5.41% (1663 families) live below the poverty line.[22] Approximately 440,000 people live in slums in the city.[23] Ahmedabad is home to a large population of Vanias (i.e., traders), belonging to the Vaishnava sect of Hinduism and the sects of Jainism. Most of the residents of Ahmedabad are native Gujaratis. Hindi and English are commonly spoken, especially in commerce, education, politics and government. According to the 2001 national census, the population of Ahmedabad was declared to be 35 lakhs, or 3. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Literacy is an indispensable means for effective social and economic participation, contributing to human development and poverty reduction, says UNESCO. [3] The Right to Education is a fundamental human right. ... The economy of India is based in part on planning through her five-year plans, developed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission. ... The poverty threshold, or poverty line, is the minimum level of income deemed necessary to achieve an adequate standard of living. ... Slums in Delhi, India. ... According to the Indian caste system, Vanika (Sanskrit) or Bania (Hindi) is a trader or merchant belonging to the business class. ... Vaishnavism is the branch of Hinduism in which Vishnu or one of his avatars (i. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... Language(s) Gujarati Religion(s) Hinduism, Islam, Zoroastrianism (see Parsis), Jainism, Christianity Gujarati people (Gujarati: ગુજરાતી લોકો GujÇŽrātÄ« loko), or Gujaratis, is an umbrella term used to describe traditionally Gujarati-speaking Indo-Aryan people who can trace their ancestry to the Gujarat region in India. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is used, along with English, for central government administrative purposes. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...

Jewish Synagogue in Ahmedabad

Ever since its foundation, the city has attracted migrant workers from other areas of Gujarat including Kutch and Saurashtra and from the neighbouring states of Rajasthan and Maharashtra as well as the Pakistani province of Sindh. There is a sizeable population of Punjabis, Marathis, Telugu, Tamils, Sindhis, Malayalis and Marwaris, who bring their native language and culture to the city. The military base near the city, and government institutions such as ONGC, bring an influx of people from across India. Ahmedabad enjoys great religious diversity. According to the 2001 census, 84.62% of the people in Ahmedabad are Hindu, 2.92% Jain, 11.4% Muslim and 0.72% Christian.[24] The city is home to a major population of Parsis and a community of 300 Bene Israel Jews living in Ahmedabad.[25] There are 2273 registered NRI's from Ahmedabad.[26] Slightly less than half of all real estate in Ahmedabad is owned by "community organizations" (i.e. cooperatives), and "the spatial growth of the city is to the extent contribution of these organizations."[27] The synagogue Scolanova Trani in Italy. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Saurashtra in between Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat. ... , Rājasthān (DevanāgarÄ«: राजस्थान, IPA: )   is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. ... , Maharashtra (Marathi: महाराष्ट्र , IPA  , translation: Great Nation) is Indias third largest state in area and second largest in population after Uttar Pradesh. ... Sindh (SindhÄ«: سنڌ, UrdÅ«: سندھ) is one of the four provinces of Pakistan and historically is home to the Sindhis. ... The Punjabi people (Punjabi: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پنجابی, also Panjabi people) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group from South Asia. ... The Marathi people or Maharashtrians (Marathi: मराठी माणसं or महाराष्ट्रीय) are an Indo-Aryan ethnic group, that inhabit the Maharashtra region and state of western India. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Languages Tamil Religions Hinduism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Jainism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Malayalis Tamils Telugus Tuluvas Gonds The Tamil people are a multi-ethnic group from the Indian subcontinent with a recorded history going back more than two millennia. ... Sindhis (सिन्धी, سنڌي) are an Indo-Aryan language speaking socio-ethnic group of people originating in Sindh which is part of present day Pakistan. ... Language(s) Malayalam (മലയാളം) Religion(s) Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism Related ethnic groups Dravidian people Brahui people Kannadigas Tamils Telugus Tuluvas A Malayali woman wearing a Sari A Malayali man wearing a Mundu The Malayali people (also spelt Malayalee; Malayalam: മലയാളി) are members of the collection of ethnic groups defined by their... Birthplace of Marwari Clans Marwaris are the people from the Marwar region of Rajasthan in India. ... Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) (incorporated on June 23, 1993) is a public sector petroleum company based in Dehradun, India. ... Distribution of Christian population in different Indian states [1] Christianity is Indias third-largest religion, following Hinduism and Islam. ... This article is about the Parsi community. ... The Bene Israel (Hebrew: Sons of Israel) are a group of Jews who migrated in the nineteenth century from west Maharashtra to the nearby Indian cities, primarily Mumbai, but also to Pune, Ahmadabad, and Karachi (Karachi later became a part of Pakistan). ... A non-resident Indian (NRI) is an Indian citizen who has migrated to another country. ...


Culture

Main article: Culture of Ahmedabad
Shri Swaminarayan Mandir, Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad enjoys a thriving cultural tradition, being the centre of Gujarati cultural activities and diverse traditions of different ethnic and religious communities. Popular celebrations and observances include Uttarayan — an annual kite-flying day on 14 January. The nine nights of Navratri are celebrated with people performing Garba — the folk dance of Gujarat — at venues across the city. The festival of lights — Deepavali is celebrated with the lighting of lamps in every house, the decorating the floors with the rangoli and the bursting of firecrackers. Other festivals such as Holi, Eid ul-Fitr and Christmas are celebrated with enthusiasm. The annual Rath Yatra procession on the Ashadh-sud-bij date of the Hindu calendar and the procession of Tajia during the Muslim holy month of Muharram are integral parts of the city's culture. The people of Ahmedabad enjoy rich culinary traditions. The most popular form of meal — a typical Gujarati thali (meal) — consists of rotli, dal, rice and Shaak (cooked vegetables, sometimes with curry), with accompaniments of pickles and roasted papads. Popular beverages include buttermilk and tea; sweet dishes include laddoos and mango. There are many restaurants, which serve a wide array of Indian and international cuisines. Most of the food outlets serve only vegetarian food, as a strong tradition of vegetarianism is maintained by the city's Jain and Hindu communities. The first all-vegetarian Pizza Hut in the world opened in Ahmedabad.[28] According to the 2001 national census, the population of Ahmedabad was declared to be 35 lakhs, or 3. ... Headquarters of the Shri NarNarayan Dev Gaadi. ... For the kite-flying festival, see Makar Sankranti Uttarāyana (उत्तरायण) is the six month period between Makar Sankranti around (January 14) and Karka Sankranti around (July 14), when the Sun travels towards north on the celestial sphere. ... For other uses, see Kite (disambiguation). ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that Dasara be merged into this article or section. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Diwali, or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday, and a significant festival in Hinduism, Sikhism and Jainism. ... Rangoli in Singapore Rangoli is one of the most popular art forms in India. ... For the Indian film of the same name, see Holi (film). ... Eid ul-Fitr or Id-Ul-Fitr (Arabic: عيد الفطر ‘Īdu l-Fiá¹­r), often abbreviated to Eid, is a Muslim holiday that marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. ... For other uses, see Christmas (disambiguation). ... Ratha Yatra Festival in Puri, India. ... A page from the Hindu calendar 1871-72. ... Muharram (Arabic: محرم ) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ... Not to be confused with Native American cuisine. ... It has been suggested that Chapati be merged into this article or section. ... Masoor dal Masoor dal prepared using traditional yellow dal recipe Dal (also spelled dhal, dahl, or daal, daar) is a preparation of pulses which have been stripped of their outer hulls and split, as well as a thick, spicy stew prepared therefrom, a mainstay of Indian and Pakistani cuisine. ... This article is about the dish. ... Percentages are relative to US RDI values for adults. ... sarah rules no matter what you say!!!!! Motichoor ladoo is a popular variant. ... Species About 35 species, including: Mangifera altissima Mangifera applanata Mangifera caesia Mangifera camptosperma Mangifera casturi Mangifera decandra Mangifera foetida Mangifera gedebe Mangifera griffithii Mangifera indica Mangifera kemanga Mangifera laurina Mangifera longipes Mangifera macrocarpa Mangifera mekongensis Mangifera odorata Mangifera pajang Mangifera pentandra Mangifera persiciformis Mangifera quadrifida Mangifera siamensis Mangifera similis Mangifera... Vegetarianism is the practice of a diet that excludes all animal flesh, including poultry, game, fish, shellfish or crustacea, and slaughter by-products[1] [2]. The reasons for choosing vegetarianism may be related to morality, religion, culture, ethics, aesthetics, environment, society, economy, politics, taste, or health. ... Pizza Hut Inc. ...


The architectural history of Ahmedabad stretches across the last millennium. The Sultanate fused Hindu craftsmanship with Islamic architecture, giving rise to the Indo-Saracenic style. Many mosques in the city are built in this fashion. [29] After independence modern buildings came up in Ahmedabad when renowned architects were given commissions in the city like Louis Kahn who designed the Indian Institute of Management; Le Corbusier who designed the Shodhan and Sarabhai Villas, the Sanskar Kendra and the Mill Owner's Association; and Buckminister Fuller who designed the Calico Dome. B. V. Doshi came to the city from Paris to supervise Le Corbusier's works and later set up the School of Architecture. His local masterpieces include Sangath, the Doshi-Hussain Gumpha and the School of Architecture. Charles Correa, who became a partner of Doshi's, designed the Gandhi Ashram and Achut Kanvinde the Indian Textile Industries Research Association. Christopher Charles Benninger's first work, the Alliance Francaise, is located in the Ellis Bridge area. Hashmuck C. Patel, and his son Dr. Bimal Patel, are renowned architects of the city having designed the St. Xavier's High School Loyola Hall, Gujarat High Court and the Ahmedabad Management Association. Dr. Bimal Patel recently designed a major addition to Louis Kahn's campus, the Indian Institute of Management. Indian architecture encompasses a wide variety of geographically and historically spread structures, and was transformed by the long history of the entire South Asian subcontinent. ... The interior of the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne. ... Government Museum in Chennai. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Salk Institute, La Jolla, California Louis Isadore Kahn (February 20, 1901/1902 – March 17, 1974) was a world-renowned architect who practiced in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. ... Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-born architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for his contributions to what now is called Modern Architecture. ... Richard Buckminster Bucky Fuller (July 12, 1895 _ July 1, 1983) was an American visionary, designer, architect, inventor, and writer. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-born architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for his contributions to what now is called Modern Architecture. ... Charles Correa (born in Hyderabad, India on September 1, 1930) is an Indian architect, planner, activist, theoretician and a fundamental figure in the world-wide panorama of contemporary architecture. ... Christopher Charles Benninger is an Indian architect and planner born in America 1942. ... St. ... The Ahmedabad Management Association or AMA is located in Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ...

Traditional clothes called Chania Cholis being sold at Law Garden

Parts of Ahmedabad are known for their speciality of folk art. The Paldi area is famous for shops selling works of embroidery from the Kutch and Saurashtra regions. The artisans of Rangeela pol are famous for making bandhinis (tie and dye work), while the cobbler shops of Madhupura sell traditional mojri footwear. High-quality idols of Ganesha and other religious icons are made in huge numbers in the Gulbai Tekra area. The shops at the Law Garden are famous for their mirror work handicraft. Victorian architecture is showcased in most college, railway station and government buildings, mainly constructed during the colonial period. Image File history File linksMetadata Law_Garden_3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Law_Garden_3. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Saurashtra in between Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambat. ... A pol in Ahmedabad A pol (pronounced as pole) is a housing cluster which comprises many families of a particular group, linked by caste, profession, or religion. ... For other uses, see Ganesha (disambiguation). ... People enjoying an evening at Law Garden Traditional clothes called Chania Cholis being sold at Law Garden Law Garden is a public garden in the city of Ahmedabad, India. ... Manchester Town Hall is an example of Victorian architecture found in Manchester, UK. The Carson Mansion is an example of a Victorian home in Eureka, California, USA The term Victorian architecture can refer to one of a number of architectural styles predominantly in the Victorian era. ...


Many Gujarati intellectuals migrated to Ahmedabad due to its prosperity. Three main literary institutions were established in Ahmedabad for the promotion of Gujarati literatureGujarat Vidhya Sabha, Gujarati Sahitya Parishad and Gujarat Sahitya Sabha. Musicians and instrumentalists from across the world come to perform at the popular classical music festival held each 1 January by the Saptak School of Music. The Sanskar Kendra — one of the many buildings in Ahmedabad designed by Le Corbusier — is a city museum depicting history, art, culture and architecture of Ahmedabad. The Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya and the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Memorial have a permanent display of photographs, documents and other articles of Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel. The Calico Museum of Textiles has a large collection of Indian and international fabrics, garments and textiles. Ahmedabad maintains a strong popular literary tradition in large public libraries maintained by the literary societies, research and government institutions and colleges. The Hazrat Pir Mohammad Shah Library has a collection of rare original manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, Urdu, Sindhi and Turkish languages.[30] The Gujarati language is spoken by a large number of people in India, especially Gujaratis. ... Gujarat Vidhya Sabha, originally called The Gujarat Vernacular Society is a literary institution for the promotion of Gujarati literature located in the city of Ahmedabad, India. ... Gujarati Sahitya Parishad is a literary institution for the promotion of Gujarati literature located in the city of Ahmedabad, India. ... Gujarat Sahitya Sabha, originally called the Social and Literary Association is a literary institution for the promotion of Gujarati literature located in the city of Ahmedabad, India. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Saptak School of Music is a major institution in Ahmedabad, India, imparting classical music and performing arts education. ... Sanskar Kendra is a museum located in the city of Ahmedabad in India. ... Charles-Édouard Jeanneret-Gris, who chose to be known as Le Corbusier (October 6, 1887 – August 27, 1965), was a Swiss-born architect, designer, urbanist, writer and also painter, who is famous for his contributions to what now is called Modern Architecture. ... The Gandhi Smarak Sangrahalaya (Gandhi Memorial Institution) is a museum and public service institution dedicated to preserve the work and memory and commemorate the life of Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. ... Sardar Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad. ... Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel (October 31, 1875–December 15, 1950), popularly referred to as Sardar Patel, was an Indian statesman, an important leader of the Indian National Congress and the deputy Prime Minister in the first cabinet of Independent India. ... The Calico Museum of Textiles is located in the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat in western India. ... The Hazrat Pir Mohammed Shah Library is located in Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Arabic redirects here. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... SindhÄ« (سنڌي, सिन्धी) is the language of the Sindh region of South Asia, which is now a province of Pakistan. ...


Sports

Cricket stadium at the Sports Club of Gujarat

Cricket is the most popular sport in the city. Both one-day internationals and test matches are played at the Sardar Patel Stadium. The stadium has frequently served as venue for matches during major tournaments such as the 1987 Cricket World Cup, the 1996 Cricket World Cup and the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy. Ahmedabad has a second cricket stadium at the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation's Sports Club of Gujarat, which, as the home ground of the Gujarat cricket team is the venue for domestic tournaments such as the Ranji Trophy, the Duleep Trophy and many inter-school and collegiate tournaments. Even though other sports are overshadowed by cricket's popularity, field hockey, badminton, tennis, and squash are gaining popularity at collegiate levels. There has been a significant increase in recent years in the number of private sports clubs, gymkhanas, gymnasiums and sports teams sponsored by corporations, private associations, schools and colleges. Young people congregate in the evenings to play cricket and football at numerous public and neighbourhood grounds. Geet Sethi, a five-time winner of the World Professional Billiards Championship and a recipient of India's highest sporting award, the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna, hails from Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad has produced cricketers such as Jasu Patel and Parthiv Patel who have been members of the Indian cricket team.[31][32] Tejas Bakre, a chess grandmaster, also hails from Ahmedabad.[33][34] Image File history File linksMetadata Sports_Club_Ahmedabad2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Sports_Club_Ahmedabad2. ... Cricket is the unofficial national sport of India, and its development has been closely tied up with the history of the country, mirroring many of the political and cultural developments around issues such as race, caste, religion and nationality. ... A One-day International (ODI) cricket match is a one-day cricket match played between two international teams each representing a particular country. ... For the womens version of the game, see Womens Test cricket. ... The Sardar Patel Stadium is the test cricket venue of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. ... The Cricket World Cup in 1987 (aka Reliance Cup) was the fourth edition of the tournament. ... The 1996 Cricket World Cup was won by Sri Lanka who beat Australia by 7 wickets at the final in Lahore. ... The 2006 ICC Champions Trophy is a One-day International cricket tournament held in India from 7 October to 5 November 2006. ... The Sports Club of Gujarat is a sports complex and stadium owned and managed by the municipal corporation of Ahmedabad, and hosts domestic cricket, football and hockey games. ... The Gujarat cricket team is one of three Ranji Trophy cricket teams representing the state of Gujarat (the other two being the Baroda cricket team and Saurashtra cricket team). ... The Ranji Trophy is the domestic first-class cricket championship played in India between state and city sides, equivalent to county cricket in England and the Sheffield Shield in Australia, and also denotes the trophy that is awarded to the winner. ... The Duleep Trophy competition was started by the Board of Control for Cricket in India in 1961-62. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men, women and children in many countries around the world. ... This article is about the sport. ... For other uses, see Tennis (disambiguation). ... Squash racquet and ball Players in a glass-backed squash court International Squash Singles Court, as specified by the World Squash Federation Squash is an indoor racquet sport that was formerly called Squash racquets, a reference to the squashable soft ball used in the game (compared with the harder ball... Gymkhana is an Indian term for a place where sporting events take place and refers to any of various meets at which contests are held to test the skill of the competitors, such as in the sports of equestrianship, gymnastics, or sports car racing. ... Geet Sethi (born April 17, 1961) is an Indian billiards player who has dominated the sport of billiards throughout much of the 1990s. ... The World Professional Billiards Championship is the most prestigious international tournament and award for professionals in billiards. ... The Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna (RGKR) is India’s highest honour given for achievement in sports. ... Jasubhai Motibhai Patel (born November 26, 1924, Ahmedabad, Gujarat - died December 12, 1992, Ahmedabad ) was an off-spinner who played Test cricket for Indian cricket team. ... Parthiv Ajay Patel   (born March 9, 1985 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat) is an Indian cricketer (wicketkeeper-batsman) and former member of the Indian national cricket team. ... The Indian cricket team is an international cricket team representing India. ... The title Grandmaster is awarded to world-class chess masters by the world chess organization FIDE. Apart from World Champion, Grandmaster is the highest title a chess player can attain. ...


Transport

Bridge in Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad is one of the six operating divisions of the Western Railway. Railway lines connect the city to all towns in Gujarat, and to major cities in the rest of India. The Ahmedabad Railway Station and the Maninagar Railway Station are the main terminals for the city. The Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport provides for both domestic and international aviation for the city and the neighbouring cities of Gandhinagar, Mehsana and Nadiad. The airport also connects the city with destinations across India and the world. The Western Railway is one of the 16 zones of Indian Railways, and is among the busiest railroad networks in India. ... The Ahmedabad Railway Station, also referred to as the Ahmedabad Junction Railway Station is the primary terminus of rail transport for the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ... The Maninagar Railway Station is a major railway station in Ahmedabad, India. ... Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport (IATA: AMD, ICAO: VAAH) is the seventh busiest airport in india with an average 100 aircraft movements a day. ... Gandhinagar   (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ... Mehsana is a town in the state of Gujarat in India, in Mehsana District. ... , Nadiad (Gujarati:નિડયાદ Hindi:निडयाद) is a city and a municipality in Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat. ...


National Highway 8, linking Delhi to Mumbai, passes though Ahmedabad. Ahmedabad is connected to Vadodara through National Expressway 1, a 94 km (58 mi) long highway with only two exits. This expressway is part of the Golden Quadrilateral project.[35] Ahmedabad is directly connected by highways to Bhavnagar, Nadiad, Mehsana, Surendranagar, Bhuj, Rajkot and Gandhinagar. Indian National Highway 8 is the major commercial artery that connects Indias western cities. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... A stretch of the Ahmedabad-Vadodara expressway The Ahmedabad-Vadodara Highway is a major artery of public transport connecting the cities of Ahmedabad and Vadodara, also known as Baroda in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Map showing the Golden Quadrilateral and other National Highways The Golden Quadrilateral (GQ) is the largest express highway project in India launched by Sri Atal Bihari Vajpayee, former prime minister of India. ... , Bhavnagar (Gujarati: , Hindi: , ) is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... Surendranagar is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ...

S.G. Highway

The city's main traffic arteries are the Mahatma Gandhi Road, C. G. Road, the Jawaharlal Nehru Road, the Ashram Road and the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar highway (S.G. Highway). Auto rickshaws, share autos and buses are the most popular forms of public transport. The Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service (AMTS) runs the local bus service in the city. In 2005, AMTS began a drive to convert all of its petrol and diesel engine buses to run on compressed natural gas engines to reduce the effects of air pollution. AMTS runs 750 buses.[36] Bicycles and motorcycles are a popular medium of transport with the city's young people and students. A bus rapid transport (BRTS) project has been launched by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation. The first phase of the project was expected to be over by September 2007.But its delayed and now its expected to be completed by August 2008.[37] Image File history File linksMetadata SG_Road2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SG_Road2. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Ahmedabad Municipal Transport Service or AMTS runs the public bus service in the city of Ahmedabad in India. ... Typical North America vehicles carry this diamond shape symbol, meaning it is running on compressed natural gas fuel. ... This article is about high-capacity bus transit systems. ...


Education

The Gujarat University clock tower in Ahmedabad

Schools in Ahmedabad are run either by the municipal corporation, or privately by entities, trusts and corporations. Most schools are affiliated with the Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board. A few schools are affiliated to the Central Board for Secondary Education and International Baccalaureate . A large number of colleges in the city are affiliated with Gujarat University. Other deemed universities in Ahmedabad include the Nirma University of Science & Technology and the Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University.[38] The prestigious Gujarat Vidyapith was established in 1920 by Mahatma Gandhi; it was among the first institutions of higher learning managed entirely by Indians, despite British control. The Gujarat University clock tower in Ahmedabad Schools in Ahmedabad are run either by the AMC or privately by individuals and trusts. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gujarat_University3. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Gujarat_University3. ... Official logo of GSEB The Gujarat Secondary and Higher Secondary Education Board or GSEB is a govenment of Gujarat body responsible for determining the policy-related, administrative, cognitive, and intellectual direction the states higher educational system takes. ... The Central Board of Secondary Education is a board of school education in India. ... The International Baccalaureate (IB) Diploma Programme (DP) is an educational programme examined in one of three languages (English, French or Spanish) and is a leading university entrance course. ... The Gujarat University is the statewide institution affiliating many reputed colleges across the state of Gujarat. ... Deemed University is a status of autonomy granted to high performing institutes and departments of various universities in India. ... Nirma University of Science & Technology is a deemed university located in Ahmedabad, India. ... The Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University is a public institution of higher learning in Ahmedabad, India. ... The Gujarat Vidyapith is a major university located in Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat in India. ... “Gandhi” redirects here. ...


Prestigious institutions such as the Indian Institute of Management, the National Institute of Design, the Mudra Institute of Communications, the National Institute of Fashion Technology, the Entrepreneurship Development Institute of India, and the Center for Environmental Planning and Technology are located in Ahmedabad. Many national academic and scientific institutions, such as the Physical Research Laboratory and the Space Applications Centre of the Indian Space Research Organisation, were established in the 1960s largely through the efforts of prominent astrophysicist and industrialist Vikram Sarabhai.[39] The Ahmedabad Management Association is a notable institution established to impart management training and experience to young students and professionals. A satellite campus of the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay is located at the Vishwakarma Engineering College campus in Chandkheda. The campus was opened with a plan to offer 100 courses in various technical disciplines.[40] The Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIM Ahmedabad, also known as IIMA), was the second Indian Institute of Management to be established in India after IIM Calcutta. ... The article for the postgraduate campus can be found at National Institute of Design Gandhinagar The National Institute of Design (राष्ट्रीय डिज़ाइन संस्थान) better known as NID is the foremost design Institute in India. ... Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad (MICA) is a leading academic institution that has been set up to develop professional Communications management skills in India. ... Logo of NIFT National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT), Delhi was established in 1987 under the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Center for Environmental Planning and Technology or CEPT is a state university located in the city of Ahmedabad, India. ... [[History of PRL]] 1947: Founded in 1947 by Dr. Vikram A. Sarabhai, the Physical Research Laboratory had a modest beginning at his residence, the RETREAT, with research on Cosmic Rays. ... The Space Applications Centre is an institution of research in Ahmedabad, India under the aegis of the Indian Space Research Organization. ... The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) is Indias national space agency. ... Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai (August 12, 1919 – December 31, 1971) was an Indian physicist. ... The Ahmedabad Management Association or AMA is located in Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ... A satellite campus is the campus of a college or university that is physically detached from the main university or college area. ... The Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, popularly known as IIT Bombay, or simply IIT-B, is an autonomous, co-educational university located in Powai, in north central Mumbai. ... Chandkheda is a city and a municipality in Gandhinagar district in the state of Gujarat, India. ...


Media

Broadcasting tower of the All India Radio, Ahmedabad

Ahmedabad has a number of newspaper publications. English-language dailies published and sold in the city include, The Times of India, Ahmedabad Mirror, Indian Express, DNA, Economic Times(in Gujarati & English language, Indian Express, Financial Express, Divya Bhaskar, Gujarat Samachar, Sandesh, Rajasthan Patrika, Sambhav,Metro(noon newspaper)& many more. Image File history File linksMetadata All_India_Radio_Ahmedabad. ... Image File history File linksMetadata All_India_Radio_Ahmedabad. ... The Times of India (TOI) is a leading English-language broadsheet daily newspaper in India. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... The Economic Times is a publication of the Times Group, owners of the Times of India. ... Not to be confused with Gujrati. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Indian Express is an Indian newspaper started by Ram Nath Goenka, and is published from New Delhi. ... The Financial Express is a newspaper daily by the Indian Express group. ... Divya Bhaskar is a Gujarati newspaper in Gujarat, India. ... Sandesh is a Gujarati newspaper in Gujarat, India. ... Sandesh is a popular masculine given name across Indian sub-continent. ... Rajasthan Patrika is a Hindi language daily newspaper published from Jaipur and other major cities in Indian state of Rajasthan and form major Indian cities such as Banglore,Surat,Ahmedabad, Chennai, Kolkata and Hubli. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ...


A large number of magazines, periodicals and journals are regularly published and circulated across the city. The city is home to the historic Navajivan Publishing House — founded in 1919 by Mahatma Gandhi — which is one of India's premier publications company. The Gujarat film and television industry has a small but significant presence in the city. Navajivan Trust is a publishing house based out of Ahmedabad, India. ... The Indian film industry is the largest in the world in terms of ticket sales and number of films produced annually (877 feature films and 1177 short films were released in the year 2003 alone). ...


The city has seven local FM stations at Radio Mirchi (98.3 MHz), Radio City (91.1 MHz), My fm (94.3 MHz), Radio One (95.0 MHz), Gyan Vaani (104.5 MHz), All India Radio (96.7 MHz),S FM (93.51 MHz). In telecommunications, frequency modulation (FM) conveys information over a carrier wave by varying its frequency. ... Radio Mirchi is a nationwide network of private FM radio stations in India. ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... Radio City can refer to several things: Radio City (album), 1974 album by Big Star of power pop Radio City (pirate radio station) Radio City (Liverpool radio station) Radio City Music Hall, home of the Rockettes NBC Radio City Studios in New York, the broadcast complex in Rockefeller Center that... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ... For the electronica band, see All India Radio (band). ... This article is about the SI unit of frequency. ...


All India Radio is broadcast on the AM band.[41] Satellite radio was launched in the city by WorldSpace in 2005.[42] Households receive television through two main cable networks, InCablenet and Siti Cable, while DTH has little popularity in Ahmedabad. A network of optical fibre cables connects almost the entire city. The city's telephone services are provided by landline and mobile operators like BSNL, Reliance Infocomm, Airtel, Vodafone,Idea and Tata Indicom. Broadband Internet services are provided in most parts of the city by the telecom companies. Amplitude modulation (AM) is a technique used in electronic communication, most commonly for transmitting information via a radio carrier wave. ... // A satellite radio or subscription radio (SR) is a digital radio signal that is broadcast by a communications satellite, which covers a much wider geographical range than terrestrial radio signals. ... WorldSpaces AfriStar control center in Washington, D.C. WorldSpace is the worlds first digital satellite radio network. ... InCablenet is one of the largest cable broadcasting companies in India, that provides cable television, internet and telecommunications services for major cities such as Bombay, Ahmedabad and Delhi. ... Siti Cable is a major cable broadcasting and telecommunications company in India, which provides cable television, cell phone and internet services in major cities such as Bombay and Ahmedabad. ... Sky Digital mini-dish Astros mini-dish. Special dish for up to 16 satellite positions (Ku-band) Satellite dish antenna for C-Band Satellite Dishes installed on an apartment complex A satellite dish is a type of parabolic antenna designed with the specific purpose of transmitting signals to and... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length. ... Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (known as BSNL, India Communications Corporation Limited) is a public sector communications company in India. ... Reliance Communications (formerly Reliance Infocomm), along with Reliance Telecom and Flag Telecom, is part of Reliance Communications Ventures (RCoVL). ... For the information technology, see Airtel (FBI). ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England, UK. It is the largest mobile telecommunications network company in the world by turnover and has a market value of about £84. ... IDEA may refer to: Electronic Directory of the European Institutions IDEA League Improvement and Development Agency Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Indian Distance Education Association Integrated Data Environments Australia Intelligent Database Environment for Advanced Applications IntelliJ IDEA - a Java IDE Interactive Database for Energy-efficient Architecture International IDEA (International Institute... This article or section needs a complete rewrite for the reasons listed on the talk page. ... Broadband Internet access, often shortened to broadband Internet or just broadband is a high data-transmission rate Internet connection. ...


References

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Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 215th day of the year (216th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... The United Nations Development Programe (UNDP), the United Nations global development network, is the largest multilateral source of development assistance in the world. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... {| style=float:right; |- | |- | |} is the 235th day of the year (236th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 128th day of the year (129th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... April 7 is the 97th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (98th in leap years). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 93rd day of the year (94th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 130th day of the year (131st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 38th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cricinfo is the largest cricket-related website and one of the largest websites in the world with more than 20 million users. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cricinfo is the largest cricket-related website and one of the largest websites in the world with more than 20 million users. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 96th day of the year (97th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 159th day of the year (160th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Altekar, Anant Sadashiv. A history of important ancient towns and cities in Gujarat and Kathiawad (from the earliest times down to the Moslem conquest. ASIN B0008B2NGA. 
  • Crook, Nigel (1993), India's Industrial Cities: Essays in Economy and Demography, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0195631722
  • Rajan, K. V. Soundra (1989). Ahmadabad. Archaeological Survey of India. 
  • Forrest, George William. Cities of India. Adamant Media Corporation. ISBN 0-543-93823-9. 
  • Gandhi, R (1990), Patel: A Life, Navajivan Press, Ahmedabad, ASIN B0006EYQ0A
  • Michell, George (2003). Ahmadabad. Art Media Resources. ISBN 81-85026-03-3. 

Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ...

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  • Ahmedabad Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority


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This page provides a Historical timeline of Ahmedabad, the sixth largest city in India. ... This page provides a Historical timeline of Ahmedabad, the sixth largest city in India. ... For the English cricketer, See Vikram Solanki The Solanki or Chalukya is a Hindu Gurjar,Rajput dynasty of India, who ruled the kingdom of Gujarat from the 10th to the 13th centuries. ... The Muzaffarid dynasty were sultans of Gujarat in western India from 1391 to 1583. ... Mahmud Begada (May 25, 1458 – 1511) also known as Sultan Mahmud I was the great-grandson of Ahmed Shah, the founder of the Muslim Ahmadshahi Kingdom, and of the City of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Sir Syaji Rao Gaekwad III, Maharaj of Baroda The Gaekwad or Gaikwad (once rendered as Guicowar) (Gujarati: ગાયકવાડ ; Marathi: गायकवाड) was a Maratha dynasty that ruled the princely state of Baroda in western India from the mid-eighteenth century until 1947. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was the first joint-stock company (the Dutch East India Company was the first to issue public stock). ... The Ahmedabad Cantonment is a division of the city of Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Bombay Presidency was a former province of British India. ... The term Indian independence movement is diffused, incorporating various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts of both Nonviolent and Militant philosophy and involved a wide spectrum of Indian political organizations, philosophies, and movements which had the common aim of ending the British Colonial Authority as well as other colonial... “Gandhi” redirects here. ... Vallabhbhai Patel (Gujarati: Vallabhbhāī Paá¹­el, pronounced ) (31 October 1875 – 15 December 1950) was a political and social leader of India who played a major role in the countrys struggle for independence and guided its integration into a united, independent nation. ... The 2001 Gujarat earthquake was reportedly the most devastating earthquake in India in recent history. ... The skyline of Ahmedabad filled with smoke as buildings and shops are set on fire by rioting mobs. ... Ahmedabad is located on the banks of the River Sabarmati in the northern part of Gujarat and the western part of India. ... Sabarmati river is a river in Western India. ... Kankaria is the biggest lake of the city of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. ... The Vastrapur Lake is a lake situated in the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat in western India. ... Construction work going on near the river under the Sabarmati River Front Development Project The Sabarmati Riverfront Development Project is an initiative by the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation to develop the Sabarmati riverfront in the city of Ahmedabad, India. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Ahmedabad Cantonment is a division of the city of Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Naranpura is an area in Ahmedabad City in the state of Gujarat in western India. ... Naroda is a suburban town of Ahmedabad. ... Paldi is an area located in Ahmedabad, India. ... Usmanpura is a suburban locality on the banks of the Sabarmati River in Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. ... Vastrapur is a census town in Ahmadabad district in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... The Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation or the AMC, established in July 1950 under the Bombay Provincial Corporation Act, 1949, is responsible for the civic infrastructure and administration of the city of Ahmedabad. ... The Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority is a civilian government body responsible for overseeing and sanctioning construction and infrastructure development across the suburbs of the city of Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat in India. ... The Ahmedabad City Police is responsible for law enforcement and public safety in the city of Ahmedabad, India. ... Old Ahmedabad city, Gujarats commercial capital, was encompassed within a fort. ... Exterior view of the Sidi Saiyyed Jali The Sidi Saiyyed mosque The Sidi Saiyyed mosque, built in 1573, is one of the most famous mosques of Ahmedabad. ... Sardar Patel National Memorial, Ahmedabad. ... Sabarmati Ashram Sabarmati Ashram (Gujarati: સાબરમતી આશ્રમ also known as Gandhi Ashram, Harijan Ashram, or Satyagraha Ashram) is located in the Ahmedabad suburb of Sabarmati and on the western banks of the Sabarmati River. ... The Kochrab Ashram was the first ashram organized by Mohandas Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement. ... The Ellis Bridge is a major landmark structure in the city of Ahmedabad, as well as an artery of public transport across the river Sabarmati. ... The Hazrat Pir Mohammed Shah Library is located in Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat, India. ... The Sardar Patel Stadium is the test cricket venue of Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India. ... Camp Hanuman Temple is one of the biggest Hanuman temples of India. ... Sanskar Kendra is a museum located in the city of Ahmedabad in India. ... The Gujarat Vidyapith is a major university located in Ahmedabad, in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Nirma University of Science & Technology is a deemed university located in Ahmedabad, India. ... The Gujarat University is the statewide institution affiliating many reputed colleges across the state of Gujarat. ... The Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Open University is a public institution of higher learning in Ahmedabad, India. ... The Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIM Ahmedabad, also known as IIMA), was the second Indian Institute of Management to be established in India after IIM Calcutta. ... The article for the postgraduate campus can be found at National Institute of Design Gandhinagar The National Institute of Design (राष्ट्रीय डिज़ाइन संस्थान) better known as NID is the foremost design Institute in India. ... Mudra Institute of Communications Ahmedabad (MICA) is a leading academic institution that has been set up to develop professional Communications management skills in India. ... Logo of NIFT National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT), Delhi was established in 1987 under the Ministry of Textiles, Government of India. ... The Saptak School of Music is a major institution in Ahmedabad, India, imparting classical music and performing arts education. ... The Ahmedabad Management Association or AMA is located in Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ... [[History of PRL]] 1947: Founded in 1947 by Dr. Vikram A. Sarabhai, the Physical Research Laboratory had a modest beginning at his residence, the RETREAT, with research on Cosmic Rays. ... The Ahmedabad Textile Industrys Research Association (commonly known as ATIRA) is an autonomous non-profit association for textile research located in Ahmedabad, India. ... The Space Applications Centre is an institution of research in Ahmedabad, India under the aegis of the Indian Space Research Organization. ... A retail mall on the Sarkhej-Gandhinagar Highway Ahmedabad is the largest inland industrial center and the second largest industrial center in western India after Mumbai. ... The textile industry of the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat in India dates back to the 19th century, when the city and the industry was established under the British Raj. ... Logo of the Ahmedabad Stock Exchange Ahmedabad Stock Exchange or ASE is the second oldest exchange of India located in the city of Ahmedabad in the western part of the country. ... Passengers and drivers meet at this auto rickshaw stand in Chennai. ... Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel International Airport (IATA: AMD, ICAO: VAAH) is the seventh busiest airport in india with an average 100 aircraft movements a day. ... The Ahmedabad Railway Station, also referred to as the Ahmedabad Junction Railway Station is the primary terminus of rail transport for the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ... The Sartej-Gandhinagar Highway connects the city of Ahmedabad with Gandhinagar, the capital of the state of Gujarat, India. ... A stretch of the Ahmedabad-Vadodara expressway The Ahmedabad-Vadodara Highway is a major artery of public transport connecting the cities of Ahmedabad and Vadodara, also known as Baroda in the state of Gujarat, India. ... The Ellis Bridge is a major landmark structure in the city of Ahmedabad, as well as an artery of public transport across the river Sabarmati. ... The Nehru Bridge is a major bridge over the river Sabarmati, and serves as an artery of major public transport for the city of Ahmedabad in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Indian National Highway 8 is the major commercial artery that connects Indias western cities. ... C. G. Road is one of the main roads of Ahmedabad. ... The Ashram Road is one of the major roads in the city of Ahmedabad in India. ... There are a number of distinguished citizens of Ahmedabad who have been awarded with the highest civilian awards of the country. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... This article is for the Indian state. ... Andhra Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh Assam Bihar Chhattisgarh National Capital Territory of Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Jharkhand Karnataka Kerala Madhya Pradesh Maharashtra Manipur Meghalaya Mizoram Nagaland Orissa Punjab Rajasthan Sikkim Tamil Nadu Tripura Uttarakhand Uttar Pradesh West Bengal Andaman and Nicobar Islands Chandigarh Dadra and Nagar... Gandhinagar   (Gujarati: ગાંધીનગર, Hindi: गाँधीनगर) is the capital of Gujarat State, India. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1058x749, 65 KB) Summary Gujarat State (India) with district boundries and city marks - Self Made - w:User:Miljoshi - December 2005 Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Gujarat User:Miljoshi ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... , Jamnagar is a city and a municipal corporation in Jamnagar district in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... , Bhavnagar (Gujarati: , Hindi: , ) is a city in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... Junagadh is a city, in Junagadh District, in the Indian state of Gujarat. ... The Indian state of Gujarat was created in 1960 out of the 17 northern districts of former Bombay state: Ahmedabad, Amreli, Banaskantha, Bharuch, Bhavnagar, Dang, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Kheda, Kutch, Mehsana, Panchmahal, Rajkot, Sabarkantha, Surat, Surendranagar, and Vadodara. ... Ahmedabad district is surrounded by Mehsana, Sabarkantha, and Gandhinagar districts to the north, Kheda district to the east, the Gulf of Cambay and Bhavnagar district to the south, and Surendranagar district to the west. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Amreli District is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... District of central Gujarat Anand District is an administrative district of Gujarat state in western India. ... Banaskantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India. ... Bharuch (also known as Broach) is a district in south Gujarat state in India. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Bhavnagar is a peninsular district of Western Gujarat. ... Dahod District is located in Gujarat state, it contains the city of Dahod. ... Districts of South Gujarat Dang (also known as The Dangs) is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Gandhinagar district is an administrative division of Gujarat, India whose headquarters are at Gandhinagar, the state capital. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Jamnagar District is located in state of Gujarat, India. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat The district of Junagadh is located on the Kathiawar peninsula in western Gujarat, with the city of Junagadh as its administrative headquarters. ... Districts of central Gujarat Kheda District has a population of 2,024,216 of which 20. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Districts of Northern Gujarat Mehsana District is located in Gujarat. ... Narmada is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Districts of South Gujarat Navsari is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India, with its headquarters at Navsari city. ... Districts of central Gujarat Panchmahal, also Panch Mahal, is a district in the western India, in the eastern portion of Gujarat state. ... Districts of Northern Gujarat The Patan District of India is located in northern Gujarat. ... Porbandar is also a district in the state of Gujarat, India. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Rajkot is a district in the Indian state of Gujarat with the administrative headquarters of Rajkot city. ... Districts of Northern Gujarat Sabarkantha is a district in Northeast of Gujarat state of India. ... Surat is a district in the state of Gujarat with Surat city as the administrative headquarters of this district. ... Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat Surendranagar is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. ... Districts of central Gujarat Vadodara District is a district in the eastern part of the state of Gujarat in western India. ... Districts of South Gujarat Valsad is a district in the western Indian state of Gujarat. ... On 1960-05-01, Gujarat was created out of the 17 northern districts of former State of Bombay. ... Governors of Gujarat See Also Gujarat Governors of India Links Categories: India-related stubs | Gujarat | Indian politicians | Office-holders | Government of India ... This article lists the Chief Ministers of Gujarat state in chronological order. ... This is a list of famous and notable people who can trace their ancestry to Gujarat, India. ... The Gujarat state of western India has four National Parks and twenty-one Wildlife Sancturies. ... Mega city may refer to various megacities or megalopoleis in fiction: Mega City (also known simply as The City), the virtual city created within the reality of the Matrix series. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... Madras redirects here. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Bombay redirects here. ... As per the 2001 census there are 36 cities or urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1 million or more. ... For other uses, see Agra (disambiguation). ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Amritsar (Punjabi: , Hindi: ), meaning: The Ocean of the Nectar of Immortality,[1] is the administrative headquarter of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. ... , Asansol (Bengali: ), a coal-mining-industrial centre, is the second largest city [1] in West Bengal, after Kolkata. ... , For other uses, see Aurangabad. ... , For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... Madras redirects here. ... , Coimbatore (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... , For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Faridabad is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is about a city in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north India and the most populous within the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The urban agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (pronunciation?·i; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [Kocci]); formerly known as Cochin) is the largest UA in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation with a city population of 922,913 according to 2001 census. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... For other uses, see Patna (disambiguation). ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... Get the information of Kakinada at http://www. ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ahmedabad travel guide - Wikitravel (5318 words)
Ahmedabad was a cradle of the non-violent movement for India's independence, being host to the Sabarmati ashram of Mahatma Gandhi, but often there are communal riots.
Ahmedabad is well connected domestically via daily flights from Mumbai, Delhi, Indore, Chennai, Bangalore, Goa, Kolkata, Jaipur, Pune, Coimbatore, Hyderabad and many other Indian cities and towns.
Ahmedabad is connected with Bombay (aka Mumbai) (500 km) and New Delhi with trains several times a day.
Ahmedabad travel guide - Wikitravel (4921 words)
Ahmedabad was a cradle of the non-violent movement for India's independence, being host to the Sabarmati ashram of Mahatma Gandhi, but often there are communal riots.
Ahmedabad is well connected domestically via daily flights from Mumbai, Delhi, Indore, Chennai, Bangalore, Goa, Kolkata and many other Indian cities and towns.
Ahmedabad is connected with Bombay (aka Mumbai) (500 km) and New Delhi with trains several times a day.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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