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Encyclopedia > Ahmed Yassin
Ahmed Yassin

Photograph of Ahmed Yassin taken on March 19, 2004.
Born 1936
AlJura (Ashkelon)
Died March 22, 2004
Gaza City

Sheikh Ahmed Ismail Yassin (1936 - 2004 (about 68 years old)) (Arabic: الشيخ أحمد ياسين) was the co-founder (with Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi) and the spiritual leader of the militant Palestinian Islamist organization of Hamas,[1] originally calling it the Palestinian Wing of the Muslim Brotherhood. Image File history File links Sheikahmedyassin300. ... is the 78th day of the year (79th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hebrew אַשְׁקְלוֹן (Standard) AÅ¡qÉ™lon Arabic عسقلان Founded in 1951 Government City Also Spelled Ashqelon (officially) District South Population 105,100 (2004) Jurisdiction 55,000 dunams (55 km²) Mayor Roni Mahatzri Ashkelon (Hebrew: ‎; Tiberian Hebrew ʾAÅ¡qÉ™lôn; Arabic: ‎  ; Latin: Ascalon) is a city in the western Negev, in the... is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The article is about the Middle Eastern city. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arabic ( or just ) is the largest living member of the Semitic language family in terms of speakers. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term Palestinian has other usages, for which see definitions of Palestinian. ... Hamas (Arabic: ; acronym: Arabic: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Sunni Islamist organization. ... The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimÅ«n, full title The Society of the Muslim Brothers, often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān, the Brotherhood or MB) is a world-wide Sunni Islamist movement and the worlds largest, most influential Islamist group[1]. The MB is the largest political...


In addition to being nearly blind, he was a paraplegic and had to use a wheelchair after a playground accident in his youth.[2] He was assassinated by an Israeli helicopter gunship. [3] Blindness is the condition of lacking visual perception due to physiological or psychological factors. ... Paraplegia is a condition where the lower half of a patients body is paralyzed and cannot move. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A helicopter gunship is a military helicopter armed for attacking targets on the ground, using automatic cannon and machinegun fire, rockets, and precision guided missiles such as the Hellfire. ...

Contents

Early life

Ahmed Yassin was born in Jura, small village near the town of Majdal (today Ashkelon City) in then British Mandate of Palestine. His date of birth is not known for certain: according to his Palestinian passport, he was born on 1 January 1929, but he claimed to have actually been born in 1938. He and his family moved to Gaza after his village was destroyed in 1948 during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War.[3] Ashkelon (Hebrew: ; Tiberian Hebrew ʾAÅ¡qÉ™lôn; Arabic: ‎ ; Latin: Ascalon) is a city in the western Negev, in the South District of Israel, which was formed out of the Arab town of al-Majdal in the 1950s. ... Hebrew אַשְׁקְלוֹן (Standard) AÅ¡qÉ™lon Arabic عسقلان Founded in 1951 Government City Also Spelled Ashqelon (officially) District South Population 105,100 (2004) Jurisdiction 55,000 dunams (55 km²) Mayor Roni Mahatzri Ashkelon (Hebrew: ‎; Tiberian Hebrew ʾAÅ¡qÉ™lôn; Arabic: ‎  ; Latin: Ascalon) is a city in the western Negev, in the... Flag The approximate borders of the British Mandate circa 1922. ... For other types of travel document, see Travel document. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1929 (MCMXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Not to be confused with the Spanish name Garza or the Egyptian town of Giza. ... Combatants  Israel Egypt, Syria, Transjordan,  Lebanon, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Holy War Army, Arab Liberation Army Commanders Yaakov Dori, Yigael Yadin Glubb Pasha, Abd al-Qadir al-Husayni, Hasan Salama, Fawzi Al-Qawuqji Strength  Israel: 29,677 initially rising to 115,000 by March 1949 Egypt: 10,000 initially rising...


Yassin came to Gaza as a refugee. When he was 12, a sports related injury left him quadriplegic and forced him to use a wheelchair for life.[3]


Yassin studied at Al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt following secondary school. Islamist and Pan-Arab movements were strong influences at the University. Yassin joined the Muslim Brotherhood during his studies at Al-Azhar.[citation needed] Al-Azhar Mosque in Cairo Egypt Al-Azhar University (Arabic: الأزهر الشريف; al-Azhar al-Shareef, the Noble Azhar), is a premier Egyptian institution of higher learning, world-renowned for its position as a center of Islamic scholarship and education. ... For other uses, see Cairo (disambiguation). ... Islamist is sometimes also used for a scholar who studies Islam and Muslim societies. ... Pan-Arabism is a movement for unification among the Arab peoples and nations of the Middle East. ... The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimūn, full title The Society of the Muslim Brothers, often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān, the Brotherhood or MB) is a world-wide Sunni Islamist movement and the worlds largest, most influential Islamist group[1]. The MB is the largest political...


Involvement in the Israel-Palestinian conflict

Yassin subsequently became involved with a Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood. In 1987, during the first intifada, Yassin co-founded Hamas with Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi, originally calling it the Palestinian Wing of the Muslim Brotherhood, and becoming its the spiritual leader. Hamas is regarded as a terrorist organization by many national governments.[4] Hamas (Arabic: ; acronym: Arabic: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Sunni Islamist organization. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Muslim Brothers (Arabic: الإخوان المسلمون al-ikhwān al-muslimūn, full title The Society of the Muslim Brothers, often simply الإخوان al-ikhwān, the Brotherhood or MB) is a world-wide Sunni Islamist movement and the worlds largest, most influential Islamist group[1]. The MB is the largest political... Terrorist redirects here. ...


Yassin became disillusioned with the peace process with the Israelis and was skeptical that it would ever actually lead to peace. He instead supported resistance against Israel. He also asserted that Palestine is an Islamic land "consecrated for future Muslim generations until Judgement Day" and that no Arab leader had the right to give up any part of this territory. [1] The UN Partition Plan Map of the State of Israel today The Peace process in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict has taken shape over the years, despite the ongoing violence in the Middle East. ... The Holy Land or Palestine Showing not only the Old Kingdoms of Judea and Israel but also the 12 Tribes Distinctly, and Confirming Even the Diversity of the Locations of their Ancient Positions and Doing So as the Holy Scriptures Indicate, a geographic map from the studio of Tobiae Conradi... Yawm al-Qīyāmah (Arabic: literally: Day of the Resurrection) is the Last Judgement in Islam. ...


Yassin did not restrict his remarks to Israelis, but included all Jews stating that "Reconciliation with the Jews is a crime."[5]


In 1997 Yassin was released from Israeli prison as part of an arrangement with Jordan following a failed assassination attempt of Khaled Mashal conducted by the Israeli Mossad in Jordan. Yassin was released by Israel in exchange for two Mossad agents who had been arrested by Jordanian authorities, on condition that he refrain from calling for suicide bombings against Israel. Khaled Mashal, also known as Khaled Mashaal (Arabic: خالد مشعل) (b. ...   (Hebrew: המוסד למודיעין ולתפקידים מיוחדים, The Institute for Intelligence and Special Operations), often referred to as The Mossad (meaning The Institute), is Israels intelligence agency and is responsible for intelligence collection, counter-terrorism, covert operations such as paramilitary activities, and the facilitation of aliyah where it is banned. ...


Following his release, Yassin resumed his leadership of Hamas. He immediately resumed his calls for attacks on Israel, using tactics including suicide bombings, thus violating the condition of his release. His epigram is his most famous quote: "We chose this road, and will end with martyrdom or victory".[citation needed] A suicide bombing is an attack using a bomb in which the individual(s) carrying the explosive materials composing the bomb intend(s) and expect(s) to die upon detonation (see suicide). ...


Yassin also sought to maintain excellent relation with the Palestinian authority, believing that a clash between the two would undermine the interests of the Palestinian people. [1] Yassin, however, was repeatedly placed under house arrest by the Palestinain authority. Each time he was eventually released, often after extended demonstrations by his supporters.[citation needed] Palestinian people, Palestinians, or Palestinian Arabs are terms used today to refer mainly to Arabic-speaking people with family origins in Palestine. ... For other uses, see Demonstration. ...


Yassin criticized the outcome of the 2003 Aqaba summit. His group intially declared temporary truce with Israel. However, in July 2003, the truce unravelled after Israeli forces killed two Hamas members in retaliation for the suicide bombing of a Jerusalem bus that left 21 people dead. [1]


On September 6, 2003, an Israeli Air Force (IAF) F-16 fired several missiles on a building in Gaza City, the Gaza Strip. Yassin was in the building at the time but survived.[3] Israeli officials later confirmed that Yassin was the target of the attack. His injuries were treated at Shifa Hospital in Gaza City. is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Israeli Air Force (IAF; Hebrew: זרוע האויר והחלל, Zroa HaAvir VeHaḤalal, Air and Space Division, commonly known as חיל האוויר Hel HaAvir) is the air force of the Israel Defense Forces. ... The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a modern multi-role jet fighter aircraft built in the United States and used by dozens of countries all over the world. ... The article is about the Middle Eastern city. ...


Following the assassination attempt, Yassin told reporters that "Days will prove that the assassination policy will not finish the Hamas. Hamas leaders wish to be martyrs and are not scared of death. Jihad will continue and the resistance will continue until we have victory, or we will be martyrs." [6]


Yassin further promised that Hamas would teach Israel an "unforgettable lesson" as a result of the assassination attempt [7]. Yassin made no attempt to guard himself from further attempts on his life or hide his location. Journalists sometimes visited his Gaza address and Yassin maintained a routine daily pattern of activity, including being wheeled every morning to a nearby mosque.


After a woman's suicide bombing at the Erez crossing on January 14, 2004, in which Reem Raiyshi detonated herself, Yassin expressed his satisfaction with the execution of the attack. When asked about the execution of the attack by a woman, Yassin said, "Hamas views women as the reserve force". The Erez Crossing (Hebrew: מעבר ארז) is a pedestrian/cargo terminal on the Israeli Gaza Strip barrier. ... is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Assassination

Ahmed Yassin was killed in an Israeli attack on March 22, 2004. While he was being wheeled out of an early morning prayer session, an Israeli helicopter gunship fired Hellfire missiles at Yassin and both of his bodyguards. They were killed instantly, along with nine[3] other bystanders.[8] Allegedly, more than a dozen people were injured in the operation, including two of Yassin's sons. Abdel Aziz al-Rantissi replaced him as Hamas leader in the Gaza Strip, and Rantissi himself was assassinated by Israel on April 17, 2004. is the 81st day of the year (82nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Type Air-to-ground and surface-to-surface Missile Nationality United States Era Cold War and through Global War on Terrorism Launch platform Rotary- and fixed-wing platforms, Unmanned aerial vehicle, tri-pods, ships, and ground vehicles Target Three warhead variants defeat an array of targets including tanks, light armored... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 107th day of the year (108th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The operation was a part of an ongoing Israeli action against Hamas-sponsored terrorist operations following Sheikh Yassin's taunt that Israel's response to the recent Ashdod terrorist operations was weak and that Hamas would gain strength as a result.[citation needed] Hebrew אשדוד Founded in 1956 Government City (from 1968) District South Population 204. ...


Israel said the targeted killing was in response to dozens of suicide attacks by Hamas against Israeli civilians, and meant to thwart further attacks on Yassin's orders. Yassin's supporters and many countries condemned his assassination.[citation needed] A suicide attack is an attack on a military or civilian target, in which an attacker — either an individual or a group — intends to kill others and knows he or she will most likely die (see suicide). ...


The Israel Defense Forces issued the following statement regarding the operation:[citation needed]

"This morning, in a security forces operation in the northern Gaza Strip, the IDF targeted a car carrying the head of the Hamas terror organization, Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, and his aides.
Yassin, responsible for numerous murderous terror attacks, resulting in the deaths of many civilians, both Israeli and foreign, was killed in the attack."

Reaction to assassination

The killing provoked widespread condemnation from the international community. Kofi Annan, UN General secretary, strongly condemned the killing and also called on Israel to halt its policy of assassination [9]. The UN Commission on Human Rights passed a resolution condemning the killing [10] supported by votes from 31 countries including the People's Republic of China, India, Indonesia, Russia, and South Africa with 2 votes against and 18 abstentions. The Arab League council also expressed condemnation [11], as did the African Union [12] Kofi Atta Annan (born April 8, 1938) is a Ghanaian diplomat who served as the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations from January 1, 1997 to January 1, 2007, serving two five-year terms. ... Headquarters Cairo, Egypt1 Largest cities Alexandria, Baghdad, Cairo, Casablanca, Damascus, Khartoum Official languages Arabic Membership 22 Arab states 2 observer states Leaders  -  Secretary General Amr Moussa (since 2001)  -  Council of the Arab League Sudan  -  Speaker of the Arab Parliament Nabih Berri Establishment  -  Alexandria Protocol March 22, 1945  Area  -  Total 13... Anthem Let Us All Unite and Celebrate Together [1] Administrative Centre Largest city Cairo, Egypt Working languages Arabic English French Portuguese Spanish(Eq. ...


The UN Security Council failed to pass a resolution condemning Yassin's assassination as the United States vetoed it. Britain, Germany, and Romania abstained. The United States stated that it vetoed the resolution because it did not include an explicit condemnation of Hamas terrorism.[citation needed] A session of the Security Council in progress The United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ of the United Nations. ... Hamas (Arabic: ; acronym: Arabic: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Sunni Islamist organization. ... Terrorist redirects here. ...


Palestinian

The Palestinian Authority declared three days of mourning and closed Palestinian schools. Flags at President Yasser Arafat's compound in Ramallah were lowered as he recited a Muslim prayer for Yassin and said, "May you join the martyrs and the prophets. To heaven, you martyr."[citation needed] The West Bank The Palestinian National Authority (PNA or PA) is a semi-autonomous state institution nominally governing the bulk of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip (which it calls the Palestinian Territories). It was established as a part of Oslo accords between the PLO and Israel. ... Mohammed Abdel Raouf Arafat al-Qudwa al-Husseini (August 24, 1929 – November 11, 2004; Arabic: ), popularly known as Yasser Arafat, was Chairman of the Palestine Liberation Organization (1968–2004) and President[2] of the Palestinian National Authority (1993–2004). ... Ramallah (Arabic:  ) is a Palestinian city in the West Bank of approximately 57,000 residents. ...


Hamas official Ismail Haniyeh said, "This is the moment Sheikh Yassin dreamed about". The Hamas leadership said Ariel Sharon had "opened the gates of hell." Hamas called for retaliation against Israel. About 200,000 people took to the streets of the Gaza Strip for Yassin's funeral as Israeli forces declared a national alert.[citation needed] Ismail Haniyeh (Arabic: إسماعيل هنية; sometimes transliterated as Ismail Haniya or Ismail Haniyah); born January 1963) is a senior political leader of Hamas and former Prime Minister of the Palestinian National Authority. ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ...


Israeli

Shaul Mofaz, the Israeli Defense Minister, branded Yassin "the Palestinian bin Laden" and said, "If we have to balance how many more terrorists Yassin would have sent, how many terrorist attacks he would have approved - if we weigh this on the scales, we acted rightly."[citation needed]Avraham Poraz, Israel's Interior Minister and member of the centrist Shinui Party, said he believed the assassination of Yassin would "foster further hate and more attacks". Shimon Peres, then leader of the Labour opposition, said, "I do not believe that we can eliminate terrorism by assassinating leaders. It was a misguided decision."[citation needed] Shaul Mofaz during a meeting with U.S. Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld on November 10, 2003. ... Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic: ‎; born March 10, 1957[1]), most often mentioned as Osama bin Laden or Usama bin Laden, is a Saudi Arabian militant Islamist and is widely believed to be one of the founders of the organization called al-Qaeda. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...


An informal survey by the BBC suggested support for the attack from Israelis [13].


Arab

Jordanian King Abd Allah II described Israel's killing as a "crime".[3]


Lebanon's president Emile Lahud vehemently denounced the Israeli act. "Israel has committed a crime but will not succeed in liquidating the Palestinian cause, for the resistance is going to increase." [3]


In Kuwait, Prime Minister Shaikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah said: "Violence will increase now because violence always breeds violence."[3]


The head of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt, Muhammad Akif, described Yasin as a "martyr" and his assassination a "cowardly operation."[3]


Western

Jack Straw, then British Foreign Secretary, said: "All of us understand Israel's need to protect itself - and it is fully entitled to do that - against the terrorism which affects it, within international law. But it is not entitled to go in for this kind of unlawful killing and we condemn it. It is unacceptable, it is unjustified and it is very unlikely to achieve its objectives."[14] John Whitaker Straw (born August 3, 1946) is a British Labour Party politician. ...


The White House equivocally condemned the action. Scott McClellan, the White House Press Secretary, said, "We are deeply troubled by this morning's incident," but he added, "Israel had the right to defend itself" and stressed that Yassin had been "personally involved in terrorism". [citation needed] Scott McClellan in the press room of the White House Puffy McMoonface (born February 14, 1968) was the White House Press Secretary (2003-2006) for President George W. Bush. ... The White House Press Secretary is a senior White House official with a rank one step below Presidential Cabinet level. ...


A State Department spokesman said: "This does not help efforts to resume progress towards peace."[citation needed]


US ambassador to Iraq John Negroponte stated that the USA was "deeply troubled", and characterized Yassin as "the leader of a terrorist organization [...] who preached hatred, and glorified suicide bombings of buses, restaurants, and cafes."[citation needed] John Dimitri Negroponte (born July 21, 1939 in the United Kingdom) (IPA ) is an American (of Greek origin) career diplomat. ...


Notes and references

  1. ^ a b c d Sheikh Yassin: Spiritual figurehead. BBC Online (March 22, 2004). Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  2. ^ islam.about.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i The life and death of Shaikh Yasin. Al Jazeera (March 25, 2004). Retrieved on 2007-08-07.
  4. ^
    • Canada - Keeping Canadians Safe, Public Security and Emergency Preparedness Canada, National Security, Listed entities. Accessed July 31, 2006.
    • European Union--"Council Decision" Council of the European Union, December 21, 2005
    • Israel--The Financial Sources of the Hamas Terror Organization (Israel MFA)
    • Japan--Japan's Diplomatic Bluebook 2005 states that it has frozen the assets of "terrorist organizations, including... Hamas."
    • United States--"Country reports on terrorism 2005", United States Department of State. Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism. US Dept. of State Publication 11324. Released April 2006
    • Banned in Jordan--Karmi, Omar. "What does the Hamas victory mean for nearby Jordan?", The Daily Star, February 18, 2006
    • Australia lists the militant wing of Hamas, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, as a terrorist organization--Listing of Terrorist Organisations, Australian Government Attorney-General's Department, 27 January 2006. Accessed July 31, 2006.
    • United Kingdom lists the militant wing of Hamas, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, as a terrorist organization--" United Kingdom Home Security Office. Terrorism Act 2000. Proscribed terrorist groups
  5. ^ Yassin, Ahmed. Interview. Filastin al-Muslimah. March 1995. as quoted in Safian, Alexander (October 9, 1997). The Hamas "Truce" Offer: Genuine or Fake?. CAMERA. Retrieved on 2007-05-13.
  6. ^ cnn.com. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  7. ^ abc.net.au. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  8. ^ scoop.co.nz. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  9. ^ domino.un.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  10. ^ domino.un.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  11. ^ domino.un.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  12. ^ domino.un.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  13. ^ news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  14. ^ BBC News: Blair condemns Hamas chief death

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External links

  • Reports on death
    • "IDF strike kills Hamas leader Ahmed Yassin" (Israeli MFA)
    • "Hamas' spiritual leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin killed in Israeli gunships airstike"
    • "Sharon was after the Yassin's murder"
    • "Assassination of Sheik Yasin Opened Pandora's box"
    • "Hamas leader Ahmed Yassin killed in Israeli airstrike" (Institute for Counter-Terrorism)
    • Interactive Guide: Sheikh Yassin assassination - The Guardian
  • Profiles of Yassin
    • BBC Obituary
    • Guardian Obituary
    • Ahmed Yassin, leader of Hamas terrorist organization (Institute for Counter-Terrorism)
  • UN Response
    • U.S. vetoes a UN resolution condemning Israel for killing

  Results from FactBites:
 
Ahmed Yassin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1505 words)
Yassin was born near the town of Majdal (renamed Ashkelon after the residents fled or were expelled in the 1948 war) in then British Mandate of Palestine.
Yassin opposed peaceful conciliation with the Israelis, asserting that the land of Israel is "consecrated for future Muslim generations until Judgement Day" and that "The so-called peace path is not peace and it is not a substitute for jihad and resistance." [1].
Ahmed Yassin was killed in an Israeli attack on March 22, 2004.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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