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Encyclopedia > Ahmadi
Ahmadi
احمدیہ Ahmadiyya
Total population

200 million (2002 estimates)[1]; exceeding tens of millions [2] Al Aḩmadī Governorate (Al Ahmadi) is one of the six governorates of Kuwait. ...

Regions with significant populations
 India
 Pakistan
 Bangladesh
 Indonesia
West Africa
East Africa
 Germany
 United Kingdom
 Canada
Religions
Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement
Scriptures
Qur'an, Hadith
Languages
Urdu, Arabic

Part of a series on
Ahmadiyya Islam
Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ...  Eastern Africa (UN subregion)  East African Community  Central African Federation (defunct)  geographic, including above East Africa or Eastern Africa is the easternmost region of the African continent, variably defined by geography or geopolitics. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Arabic: الجماعة الأحمدية; transliterated: ) is one of two communities arising from the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat founded in 1889 by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (1835-1908). ... The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam (not to be confused with the Ahmadiyya Muslim Association), formed as a result of an ideological differences[1] between the Ahmadiyya Community (also known among some Muslim groups as Qadianism), after the demise Maulawi Nur ud-Din in 1914, the first... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ... Hadith ( transliteration: ) are oral traditions relating to the words and deeds of Prophet Muhammad. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... Ahmadi Muslims are followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. ...

Branches

Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Arabic: الجماعة الأحمدية; transliterated: ) is one of two communities arising from the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat founded in 1889 by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (1835-1908). ... The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam, Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam (Urdu: أحمدية أنجومان اشاعات الاسلام) (not to be confused with the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community), formed as a result of ideological differences[1] between the Ahmadiyya Community, after the demise of Maulawi Hakeem Noor-ud-Din in 1914, the first Khalifa...

Mirza Ghulam Ahmad

LifeProphecies
ClaimsDeath . Writings Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (مرزا غلام احمد) (February 13, 1835 - May 26, 1908 corresponding to Shawal 14, 1250 AH - Rabi al-thani 24 1326 AH). ... Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was the founder of the Ahmadiyya religious movement. ... Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founder of Ahmadiyya religious movement in Islam made various claims during his life. ... Mirza Ghulam Ahmad founded the Ahmadiyya movement and claimed to be the return of Christ, the promised Messiah, the Mahdi, and Mujaddid of the modern Islamic era. ...

Views

JesusProphethood
JihadKhalifatul Masih
Ahmadiyya Muslims believe that references to the second coming of Jesus are allegorical. ... In Ahmadiyya Islam many different views of Prophethood are held. ... In Ahmadiyya Islam, pacifism is a strong current, and jihad is ones personal inner struggle and should not be used violently for political motives. ... Members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, Jamaat-i-Ahmadiyya, believe that the elected leader of their community, the Khalifatul Masih, is the second manifestation of the Khalifat (first being the Khilafat e Rashida which ended with Ali the son in law of Prophet Muhammad) and that Allah has assured...

Khalifatul Masih
of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community

Hakeem Noor-ud-Din
Basheer-ud-Din Ahmad
Mirza Nasir Ahmad
Mirza Tahir Ahmad
Mirza Masroor Ahmad Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, the first Successor to Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian was born at Bhera, Distt. ... The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Arabic: الجماعة الأحمدية; transliterated: ) is based on the Ahmadiyya movement founded in 1889 by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (1835-1908). ... In Talmud, there is a passage which indicates that on the death of the Messiah his spiritual Kingdom will pass to his son and grandson. ... Mirza Tahir Ahmad (* 18 December 1928 in Qadian, † 19 April 2003 in London) was Khalifatul Masih IV., Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...

Emirs & Scholars
of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement

Muhammad AliSadr-ud-Din
Saeed Ahmad Khan
Asghar Hameed
Abdul Karim Saeed Pasha
Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din
Basharat Ahmad
Naseer Ahmad Faruqui Maulana Muhammad Ali 1874-1951 Amir (1914-1951) Muhammad Ali was born in 1874 in Punjab (India). ... Imam Maulana Sadr-ud-Din (↑ 15. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The fourth Emir of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement. ... The fifth Emir of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement. ... Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din (1870-1932), a lawyer by profession, was a member of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement[1], and the author of numerous publications[2][3] about Islam and the Ahmadiyya movement. ... Basharat Ahmad (1876-1943), a member of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement[1], is the author of numerous publications about Islam and the Ahmadiyya movement. ... Naseer Ahmad Faruqui (d. ...

Persecution

Persecution of Ahmadiyya

Literature

Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya
The Philosophy and
Teachings of Islam

Malfoozat
Tafseer-e-Kabeer
Revelation, Rationality,
Knowledge & Truth
Barahin-e-Ahmadiyya is a book contains a compilation of writings by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad. ... The Philosophy of the Teachings of Islam is a well known essay on Islam by Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, founder of the Ahmadiyya movement. ... Malfoozat: also spelt Malfuzaat, loosely translated as the dialogues or discourse is a ten volume corpus of the sayings and utterances of [[Mirza Ghulam Ahmad]holy founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community] as taken down in writing by his companions. ... Tafseer e Kabeer (The major Commentary) is a ground breaking work on exegesis of Quran undertaken in modern times. ... Revelation, Rationality, Knowledge & Truth is a book written by Mirza Tahir Ahmad, the head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community from 1982 to 2003. ...

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Ahmadi (Urdu: احمدیہ Ahmadiyya), is the collective name given to the two distinct groups[3] (The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement) comprising of followers of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (d. 1908) from Qadian, in Punjab, India. Mirza Ghulam Ahmad claimed to have fulfilled the prophecies about the world reformer of the end times who was to herald the Eschaton as predicted in the traditions of various World religions, the Mujaddid (divine reformer) of the 14th Islamic century, the promised Messiah (“Second Coming of Christ”) and Mahdi.[4][5][6][7][8] Ahmadis consider themselves Muslims and claim to practice the Islam that was taught and practiced by Muhammad and his companions, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad termed his movement the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat (community) envisioning it to be a revitalization of Islam. However, Ahmadis are not considered to be Muslims by Sunnis and Shias.[9][10][11] Urdu ( , , trans. ... The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Arabic: الجماعة الأحمدية; transliterated: ) is one of two communities arising from the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat founded in 1889 by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (1835-1908). ... The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam (not to be confused with the Ahmadiyya Muslim Association), formed as a result of an ideological differences[1] between the Ahmadiyya Community (also known among some Muslim groups as Qadianism), after the demise Maulawi Nur ud-Din in 1914, the first... Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (مرزا غلام احمد) (February 13, 1835 - May 26, 1908 corresponding to Shawal 14, 1250 AH - Rabi al-thani 24 1326 AH). ... , Qadian( ਕਾਦਿਆਂ ) is a small town and a municipal council in Gurdaspur, north-east of Amritsar, situated 18 km east of Batala city in the state of Punjab, India. ... , This article is about the Indian state of Punjab. ... // In the three Abrahamic Religions (Islam, Judaism, and Christianity), the End Times are depicted as a time of tribulation that precede the predicted coming of a Messiah figure. ... For the eschatological beliefs of various religions, see End Times. ... Major world religions have been distinguished from minor religions using a variety of methods, though any such division naturally reflects a particular bias, since many adherent of a religion are likely to consider their own faith major. Two methods are mentioned in this article, number of adherents and the definitions... A Mujaddid (Arabic: مجدد), in Islamic tradition, refers to a person who, Muslims believe, is sent by God in the first half of every century of the Islamic calendar. ... In Judaism, the Messiah (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian ; Aramaic: , ; Arabic: , ; the Anointed One) at first meant any person who was anointed with oil on rising to a certain position among the ancient Israelites, at first that of High priest, later that of King and also that of a prophet. ... This article refers to the religious usage of the term. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Muhammad al-Mahdi. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ...


The original Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat split into two separate groups[12] after Mirza Ghulam Ahmad's death, known respectively as the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community and the smaller Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam (Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam). These groups vary in their specific interpretations of Ahmad's teachings and claims. They also differ in their views on who should have succeeded Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, and how such a successor should be chosen.[13][14] The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam, Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam (Urdu: أحمدية أنجومان اشاعات الاسلام) (not to be confused with the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community), formed as a result of ideological differences[1] between the Ahmadiyya Community, after the demise of Maulawi Hakeem Noor-ud-Din in 1914, the first Khalifa...


The Ahmadi view on certain beliefs in Islam has been controversial to mainstream Muslims since its birth. Majority of Muslims have not accepted Mirza Ghulam Ahmad's claims and do not consider Ahmadis to be Muslims, citing in particular the Ahmadiyya view on the death and return of Jesus, the Ahmadiyya concept of Jihad and their view on the finality of Muhammad with particular reference to interpretation of verse [Qur'an 33:40] of the Qur'an. [15] Ahmadis however argue that their beliefs are in accordance with Islam,[16][17] and using arguments from the Qur'an, Hadith and opinion of Islamic jurists and theologians, challenge the contention of the groups calling them non-Muslims.[18] This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Khatme Nabuwwat ختم النبوه or finality of Prophet-hood is an islamic belief that Prophethood has come to an end after Muhammad. ... The Qur’ān [1] (Arabic: , literally the recitation; also sometimes transliterated as Quran, Koran, or Al-Quran) is the central religious text of Islam. ...

Contents

History

The Ahmadiyya movement claims to represent the latter day renaissance of the religion of Islam. At the end of the 19th century, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian proclaimed himself to be the "Reformer of the age" (Mujaddid), Promised Messiah, Mahdi of the age. (Note that the two sub-sects of the Ahmadiyya interpret this last claim very differently). He claimed to have fulfilled the prophecy of the return of Jesus. He and his followers claimed that his advent was foretold by Muhammad, the prophet of Islam, and also by many other religious scriptures of the world. In 1889, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad laid down the foundation of his community, which was later given the name of "Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat". Since its inception, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat's objective has been the revival of Islam. Soon after the death of the first Caliph, the movement split into two sects over the question of the Finality of Prophethood. The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement affirmed the traditional Islamic interpretation that there could be no new prophet after Muhammad and viewed itself as a reform movement within the broader Ummah.[19] The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, however, claimed that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad had indeed been a prophet (albeit a "non-law-bearing" one) and that mainstream Muslims who rejected his message were guilty of disbelief. The question of "Khilafat" was also an issue in the split of the Ahmadiyya movement. The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement believes that an "Anjuman" (body of selected people) should be in charge of the Jamaat. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community, however, believes that Caliphs are appointed by God and they are in charge. A Mujaddid (Arabic: مجدد), in Islamic tradition, refers to a person who, Muslims believe, is sent by God in the first half of every century of the Islamic calendar. ... The Muslim faith has a tradition that at some future time in the latter days a reformer will come into the world to revive Islam and establish it as the dominant faith. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Muhammad al-Mahdi. ... For other uses, see Prophecy (disambiguation). ... This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... μ This article is about the Christian season. ... Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... The Quran identifies a number of men as prophets of Islam. ... For main article see: Caliphate The Caliph (pronounced khaleef in Arabic) is the head of state in a Caliphate, and the title for the leader of the Islamic Ummah, an Islamic community ruled by the Sharia. ... Khatme Nabuwwat ختم النبوه or finality of Prophet-hood is an islamic belief that Prophethood has come to an end after Muhammad. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Mainstream. ... The Khilafat Movement (1919-1924) was a movement amongst the Muslims of British India (the largest single Muslim community in one geo-political entity at the time) to ensure that the British, victors of World War I, kept a promise made at the Versailles. ... Anjuman The most successful Punjabi film herione in the 1980s, Anjuman came from Multan to Lahore. ... The term Jamaat (Arabic: Assembly) can apply to the following: Jamaat-e-Islami - a South Asian Islamist movement based in Pakistan, Bangladesh (Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh) and India (Jamaat-e-Islami Hind). ...


Some of the first people to convert to the Ahmadiyya movement were highly educated people from secular and religious circles. These included many civil servants and also from the military, such as Ali Gouhar of the British-Indian Army.[20] The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community has established offices in 189 countries and claims to have a population exceeding tens of millions.[21] The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement has branches in 17 countries.[22] There is no reliable information available regarding the population numbers of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement.


Overseas Ahmadiyya missionary activities started as early as 1920's. For many modern nations of the world, the Ahmadiyya movement was their first contact with the proclaimants from the Muslim world.[23] Ahmadiyya movement is considered by some historians[24] as one of the precursors to the African-American Civil Rights Movement in America. According to some experts,[25] Ahmadiyya were "arguably the most influential community in African-American Islam" until the 1950s, when Nation of Islam gained support among black communities.[citation needed] Many notable Jazz musicians converted to Ahmadiyya Islam.[26] The influence of Ahmadiyya movement was later reduced by the splits among the community caused by Nation of Islam as well as the Sunni scholars during the 1950's.[27] Various movements seeking civil rights, human rights and social justice since the Second World War have become known as a civil rights movement. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... The Nation of Islam (NOI) is a religious and social/political organization founded in the United States by Wallace Fard Muhammad in 1930 with the self-proclaimed goal of resurrecting the spiritual, mental, social, economic condition of the black man and woman of America and belief that God will bring... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Current status

In some countries it is an offence for the Ahmadiyya Movement to preach their religion as Islam. In Pakistan, parliament has declared Ahmadis to be non-Muslims. In 1974, the government of Pakistan amended its constitution to define a Muslim "as a person who believes in the finality of the Prophet Muhammad". [28] Due to this strong clash of beliefs, Ahmadis have been the target of many attacks led by various religious groups. [29] As a result of the cultural implications of the laws and constitutional amendments regarding Ahmadis in Pakistan, persecution and hate-related incidents are constantly reported from different parts of the country. All religious seminaries and madrassahs in Pakistan, belonging to different sects of Islam have prescribed essential reading materials specifically targeted at refuting Ahmadiyya beliefs. [30] In a recent survey in Pakistan, pupils in private schools of Pakistan expressed their opinions on religious tolerance in the country. The figures assembled in the study reflect that even in the educated classes of Pakistan, Ahmedis are considered to be the least deserving minority in terms of equal opportunities and civil rights. In the same study, the teachers in these elite schools showed even lower amount of tolerance towards Ahmadis than their pupils. [31] Since both groups claim to be the true heirs to Mirza Ghulam Ahmad's legacy even though they have radically different interpretations of his teachings (see below), the term can be quite ambiguous. Lahori Ahmadis claim that mainstream Muslim critics of Ahmadis often fail to note the important distinctions between the groups, treating all "Ahmadis" as members of the "Ahmadiyya Muslim Community."


In Bangladesh, fundamentalist Islamic groups have demanded that Ahmadiyyas be declared "officially" as kafirs. Ahmadiyyas have become a persecuted group, targeted via protests and acts of violence. According to Amnesty International, followers have been subject to "house arrest", and several have been killed. In late 2003, several large marches, lead by Moulana Moahmud Hossain Mumtazi, were directed to occupy an Ahmadi mosque. The march was supported by thousands of protesters, armed with sticks, bricks, and other weapons; they chanted slogans of hate-filled and violent rhetoric. In 2004, all Ahmadi publications were banned, the official reason being that they "hurt or might hurt the sentiments of the majority Muslim population". [32] This article is about an Islamic term. ...


Beliefs

Ahmadiyya beliefs mostly mirror those of Islam in general, including belief in the prophethood of Muhammad, reverence for historical prophets, belief in a single creator God (strong monotheism). They accept the Qur'an as their holy text, face the Kaaba during prayer and accept the authority of hadiths (reported sayings of and stories about Muhammad). Allah is the Arabic language word for God. ... For the Celtic Frost album, see Monotheist (album) In theology, monotheism (from Greek one and god) is the belief in the existence of one deity, or in the oneness of God. ... The Kaaba (Arabic: ; IPA: ) , also known as (), ( The Primordial House), or ( The Sacred House), is a large cuboidal building located inside the mosque known as al-Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. ... Hadith ( transliteration: ) are oral traditions relating to the words and deeds of Prophet Muhammad. ...


Distinct Ahmadi beliefs

Although the central values of Islam (prayer, charity, fasting, etc.) are shared by mainstream and Ahmadi Muslims, distinct Ahmadi beliefs include the following: The Five Pillars of Islam (Arabic: أركان الإسلام) is the term given to the five duties incumbent on every Muslim. ...

  • That the prophecies concerning the second coming of Jesus were metaphorical in nature and not literal and that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad fulfilled in his person these prophecies and the second advent of Jesus, was the promised Mahdi and Messiah.[33]
  • That the Qur'an is purley the word of God, the last message and law for mankind, it has no contradictions (or abrogations), and has precedence over the Hadith or traditions; i.e., that one verse of the Qur'an does not cancel another and that no Hadith can contradict a verse of the Qur'an. Hadith that appear to contradict the Qu'ran are not accepted by Ahmadi Muslims. The text of the Quran from beginning to end is contextually related and each sura is contextually related to the preceding Sura i.e. the themes of the Qur'an are connected and all chapters, verses and words are perfectly arranged.(see: Tafseer-e-Kabeer)[34]
  • That Jesus, contrary to mainstream Islamic belief, was crucified and survived the four hours on the cross. He was later revived from a swoon in the tomb.[35] Ahmadis believe that Jesus died in Kashmir of old age whilst seeking the Lost Tribes of Israel.[36] Jesus' remains are believed to be entombed in Kashmir under the name Yuz Asaf. Ahmadis believe that Jesus foretold the coming of Muhammad after him, which Christians have misinterpreted.[37]
  • That Jesus Christ did not bring a new religion or law i.e. was not a law-bearing prophet but was last in the line of Hebrew/Israelite prophets who appeared within the dispensation of Moses akin to that of David, Solomon, Jeremiah, Isaiah etc.
  • That Jihad can only be used to protect against extreme religious persecution, and that Muslims have used Jihad as a tool for political opportunism.[38]
  • That the "Messiah" and the "Imam Mahdi" are the same person, and that it is through his teachings, influence, his prayers and that of his followers that Islam will defeat the Anti-Christ or Dajjal in a period similar to the period of time it took for nascent Christianity to rise (300 years) and that the Dajjal's power will slowly melt away like the melting of snow, heralding the final victory of Islam and age of peace.
  • That the history of religion is split into seven epochs or ages, parallel to the seven days of the week, with periods for light and darkness and that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad appeared as the Promised Messiah at the sixth epoch heralding the seventh and final age of the world[45] as a day in the estimation of God is like a thousand years of man's reckoning[46] (Quran:22:48). According to Ghulam Ahmad just as the sixth day of the week is reserved for Jumu'ah (congregational prayers) likewise his age is destined for a global gathering or assembly in which the world is to unite under one universal religion which according to him was Islam.
  • The two Ahmadiyya groups have varying beliefs regarding the finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad. The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community believes that Muhammad brought prophethood to perfection and was the last law-bearing prophet and the apex of man's spiritual evolution. New prophets can come but they must be subordinate to Muhammad and cannot exceed him in excellence nor alter his teaching or bring any new law or religion.[39] The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement believes that Muhammad is the last of the prophets and no prophet, new or old, can come after him.[40]

This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ... Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (مرزا غلام احمد) (February 13, 1835 - May 26, 1908 corresponding to Shawal 14, 1250 AH - Rabi al-thani 24 1326 AH). ... Tafseer e Kabeer (The major Commentary) is a ground breaking work on exegesis of Quran undertaken in modern times. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... An Israelite is a member of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of the Biblical patriarch Jacob who was renamed Israel by God in the book of Genesis, 32:28 The Israelites were a group of Hebrews, as described in the Bible. ... Yuz Asaf (Kashmiri: युझ असफ, یوذسف), Judasaf, Yus Asaph, or Shahzada Nabi Hazrat Yura Asaf is a prophet revered among the Sabians. ... The word Hebrew most likely means to cross over, referring to the Semitic people crossing over the Euphrates River. ... Moses with the Tablets, 1659, by Rembrandt This article is about the Biblical figure. ... This article is about the Biblical king of Israel. ... This article is about the Biblical figure. ... For other uses, see Jeremiah (disambiguation). ... Isaiah the Prophet in Hebrew Scriptures was depicted on the Sistine Chapel ceiling by Michelangelo. ... For other uses, see Jihad (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Antichrist. ... al-Dajjal sometimes spelled Dajal, (Arabic: الدّجّال, al-dajjāl) (The Deceiver/impostor), also known as the false Messiah (see also: Antichrist) is an evil figure in Islamic eschatology, who will appear before Yawm al-Qiyamah (The Day of Resurrection, Judgement Day). ... Jumuah (also known as Friday prayer) is a congregational salat (prayer) that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon. ...

Comparison of belief between Islam, Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, and Ahmadiyya Muslim Community

Article of faith Mainstream Islam Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
Return of Jesus Differs, but most believe that at the “end of days” Jesus himself will descend from heaven in the flesh[41] References to the second coming of Jesus are allegorical. The prophecy of the second coming was fulfilled in the person of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad[42] References to the second coming of Jesus are allegorical. The prophecy of the second coming was fulfilled in the person of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad[43]
Status of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Differs, but often considered an apostate. Many mainstream Muslims believe that Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was one of the 30 false claimants to prophethood[44] about whom the prophet Muhammad warned Muslims 1400 years ago Mujaddid (Islamic Reformer) of the 14th Islamic century. The promised Mahdi and the second coming of Jesus. Referred to as a prophet in the metaphorical sense only (as other recognized Islamic saints and sufis are similarly referred to). Not a prophet in the technical and linguistic meaning of the word.[45] A prophet (with all the qualities of a prophet like Jesus) but subordinate and deputy to the Prophet Muhammad. The Messiah, Imam Mehdi and Mujaddid of the 14th Islamic century and the second coming of Jesus.[46]
Shahada The Kalima Shahada is „La illaha ilallah, muhammadur rasullulah“. Professing the Kalima required to become a Muslim and in Pakistan,[47] declaring Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to be an apostate is a prerequisite to be considered a Muslim.[48] The Kalima Shahada is „La illaha ilallah, muhammadur rasullulah“. Anyone saying the Kalima Shahadat cannot be declared a non-Muslim by anyone else.[49] The Kalima Shahada is „La illaha ilallah, muhammadur rasullulah“. Anyone saying the Kalima Shahadat cannot be declared a non-Muslim by anyone else. ,[50] However, as regards to true faith, any one who does not believe in Mirza Ghluam Ahmad's claims is outside the fold of Islam as a consequence of disbelieving in revelation from God which is an article of faith.[51]
Finality of the Prophethood of Muhammad The meaning of “Seal of the Prophets” is that Muhammad is the last of the prophets. However, since Jesus already came as a prophet before Muhammad, he would not be considered the last prophet should he return.[52] The meaning of “Seal of the Prophets” is that Muhammad is the last of the prophets. No prophet, either new or old can come after him.[53] Mirza Ghulam Ahmad was the Mujaddid (reformer) of the 14th century Hijra and not a true prophet.[54] Hazrat Muhammad brought prophethood to perfection, he sealed prophethood and religious law. New prophets can come after him provided they follow the example and message set by him in every respect. Prophet Muhammad was the last law-bearing prophet, new prophets can come but they must be subordinate to Hazrat Muhammad and cannot exceed him in excellence nor alter his teaching or bring any new law or religion.[55]
Jesus, Son of Mary Born of a miraculous birth[56] from the virgin, Mary. Did not die on the cross but was transported to heaven,[57] where he lives to return in the flesh to this world shortly before Doomsday.[58] Since Jesus (considered a prophet) came before Muhammad, his return to Earth would not disqualify Muhammad as the “last” prophet. Jesus will come to earth not as a prophet but as a follower of Muhammad and preach the teachings of Muhammad. Similar to Ahmadiyya Muslim Community belief except that the question of Jesus's virgin birth is not an essential requirement of faith and is left to the individual's personal conviction.[59] Jesus was born to the Virgin Mary. He survived the crucifixion and did not die an accursed death.[60] Instead he travelled east to India in search of the Lost Tribes of Israel.[61] Jesus lived a full life and died on earth, specifically Jesus's tomb lies in Kashmir under the name Yuz Asaf. The prophecies of the coming of Jesus among the Muslims are metaphorical in that one was to be born and rise as a prophet within the dispensation of Muhammad who by virtue of his similarity, and affinity with Jesus and the similarity between the Jews of Jesus' time and the Muslims of the time of the the promised one (The Mahdi)is called by the same name. The coming of an old Israelite prophet would disqualify Muhammad as the final prophet.
Armed Jihad Some groups believe aggressive armed struggle to be the most valid interpretation of Jihad and consider it permissible and legal. Some mainstream Muslims hold the view that there are two different types of Jihad: Jihad Al-Akbar, (considered the greater Jihad) is the personal struggle with one's own soul and Jihad Al-Asghar (considered the lesser Jihad) is the external, physical effort, often implying fighting.[citation needed] Jihad primarily means to strive or exert to the fullest. On an ongoing basis this refers to striving against the devil, ones low desires (self) and the peaceful propagation of Islam with special emphasis on spreading the true message of Islam by the pen. In special circumstances Jihad could be an armed struggle but only as a defensive war against extreme persecution.[62] Claim that as per prophecy, the messiah rendered the concept of violent Jihad unnecessary in modern times. They believe that the answer of hate should be given by love. As their khalifas said that 'if anyone attacks us we must not attack him and should love him' this is called "Jihaad-e-Akbar" (The Greater Jihad).[63]

Islam holds Jesus (Arabic: `Īsā) to have been a messenger and a prophet of God. ... Apostasy (from Greek αποστασία, meaning a defection or revolt, from απο, apo, away, apart, στασις, stasis, standing) is a term generally employed to describe the formal renunciation of ones religion, especially if the motive is deemed unworthy. ... , // Shāhāda is a town in the northwest corner of Maharashtra state in India, now in Nandurbār District (formerly in Dhule District). ... Kalima does not render you a Muslim- it is a bunch of words meaning nothing. ... For other uses, see Faith (disambiguation). ... Seal of the Prophets (ar. ... For other senses of this word, see Prophet (disambiguation). ... Islam holds Jesus (Arabic: `Īsā) to have been a messenger and a prophet of God. ...

Views of mainstream Muslims

Orthodox Muslims consider both Ahmadi sects to be heretics and non-Muslims for a number of reasons, chief among them being the question of finality of prophethood,[64] since they believe members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community do not regard the Islamic prophet Muhammad to be the last prophet[65] (the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement does not subscribe to this belief[66]). Ahmadis claim that this is a result of misinterpreting Mirza Ghulam Ahmad's statements referring to his coming "in the spirit of Muhammed",[66][67] (similar to John the Baptist coming in the spirit and power of Elijah[68]). Both Ahmadi sects believe Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to be the Mahdi and promised Messiah,[69] St. ... Elijah, 1638, by José de Ribera This article is about the prophet in the Hebrew Bible. ...


Mainstream Muslims do not accept this claim, and do not believe Mirza Ghulam Ahmad to have fulfilled the prophecies about the Promised Messiah and Mahdi. According to mainstream Muslims Ghulam Ahmad's failiure to establish a perfect worldwide Muslim government and the manner of his death invalidate his claim to be the promised Mahdi and Messiah and hence he is seen as a false prophet. False prophet is a label given to a person who is viewed as illegitimately claiming charismatic authority within a religious group. ...


Both Ahmadi groups are considered non-Muslims by the Pakistan government, and have this fact recorded on their travel documents. In contrast Ahmadi citizens from Western countries and other moderate Muslim nations perform Hajj and Umra as the Saudi government is not made aware they are Ahmadis when applying for the visa. A court decision has also upheld the right of Ahmadiyyas to identify themselves as Muslims in India.


As the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement’s view regarding Mirza Ghulam Ahmad’s status as a Prophet is closer to traditional Islamic thought, the Literature published by the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement has found greater acceptability among the Muslim Intelligentsia.[70][71]


Some mainstream Muslims group both Ahmadi sects together and refer to them as "Qadianis", and their beliefs as "Qadianism"[72] (after the small town of Qadian in the Gurdaspur District of Punjab in India, where the movement's founder was born). However most, if not all, Ahmadis of both sects dislike this term as it has acquired derogatory connotations over the years and furthermore they prefer to differentiate their two separate movements. Furthermore, mainstream Muslims will not use the term "Muslim" when referring to Ahmadis, even though both sects refer to themselves as such citing the fatwas given by the Islamic scholars. However, as members of Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement deny the prophethood of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, some orthodox Islamic Scholars consider the Lahore Ahmadiyya as Muslims.[73] In earlier times in Pakistan and India, there was widespread persecution of Ahmadis by certain Muslim groups. Sporadic violence as well as persecution of a more subtle nature against Ahmadis continues even today.[74] Gurdaspur District is a district in the state of Punjab, situated in the northwest part of India. ...


Relationship with Christians

Christian missionaries during the life of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad were actively engaged in debates, prayer duels and written arguments with the Ahmadiyya Movement. The Ahmadiyya Movement considered Christian nations (particularly of the developed world) as being part of the prophesised Dajjal and Gog and Magog. The Ahmadiyya view of death of Jesus has also been a source of ongoing friction with the Christian Church. al-Dajjal sometimes spelled Dajal, (Arabic: الدّجّال, al-dajjāl) (The Deceiver/impostor), also known as the false Messiah (see also: Antichrist) is an evil figure in Islamic eschatology, who will appear before Yawm al-Qiyamah (The Day of Resurrection, Judgement Day). ... Gog and Magog redirect here. ... Entombment of Christ by Pieter Lastman The death of Jesus is an event described by the New Testament, as occurring after the Passion of Jesus, as a result of his crucifixion. ...


Abbott Freeland, observed in his book, Islam and Pakistan,[75]

The primary significance of the Ahmadiyya Movement lay in its missionary emphasis. Every Muslim believed that Islam was the only religion free from error. The Ahmadis made it part of their principles to show the errors of other religions to their adherents and to proselytize energetically for Islam. In a sense, the Ahmadis represent the Muslims emerging, religiously speaking, from the withdrawal that had begun with the arrival of the British, just as the Muslim League represents the political emergence from that same withdrawal. .................................. Although the sect most attacked by Muslims in India and Pakistan, it has also been the one which has worked hardest, in both its branches, to defend and extend Islam against the competition offered by other faiths.

Ghulam Ahmad was constantly engaged in controversies with the British missionaries. Western historians have recorded this effort as one of the features of Ghulam Ahmad's legacy.[76]

Chronology with leaders

  • 23 March 1889: Ahmadiyya movement founded.
  • 1914: Split into two branches, one remaining in Qadian, today known as Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam (Jamaat-i Ahmadiyya), and one being established in Lahore, known as the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam (Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-i-Islam).

Only two leaders are recognized by both branches of the sect:

  • 23 March 1889 - 26 May 1908: Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the founding Messiah and Mahdi (b. 1835 - d. 1908)
  • 27 May 1908 - 13 March 1914: Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din (b. 1841 - d. 1914), the first Caliph, after whose death the movement was split:

Leaders recognized by the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Qadian Branch), referred to as Khalifas ('Successors'): Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, the first Successor to Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian was born at Bhera, Distt. ...

  • 27 May 1908 - 13 March 1914: Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din (b. 1841 - d. 1914)
  • 14 March 1914 - 7 November 1965: Mirza Basheer-ud-Din Mahmood Ahmad (b. 1889 - d. 1965)
  • 8 November 1965 - 9 June 1982: Mirza Nasir Ahmad (b. 1909 - d. 1982)
  • 10 June 1982 - 19 April 2003: Mirza Tahir Ahmad (b. 1928 - d. 2003)
  • 22 April 2003 - today: Mirza Masroor Ahmad (b. 1950)

Leaders recognized by the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement (Lahore Branch), referred to as Emirs: Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, the first Successor to Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian was born at Bhera, Distt. ... The Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Arabic: الجماعة الأحمدية; transliterated: ) is based on the Ahmadiyya movement founded in 1889 by Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian (1835-1908). ... In Talmud, there is a passage which indicates that on the death of the Messiah his spiritual Kingdom will pass to his son and grandson. ... Mirza Tahir Ahmad (* 18 December 1928 in Qadian, † 19 April 2003 in London) was Khalifatul Masih IV., Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. ... Categories: Possible copyright violations ...

  • 27 May 1908 - 13 March 1914: Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din (b. 1841 - d. 1914)(referred to as Khalifa)
  • April 1914 - 13 October 1951: Maulana Muhammad Ali, M.A. LL.B. (b. 1874 - d. 1951)
  • 1951 - 15 November 1981: Maulana Sadr-ud-Din, B.A., B.T. (d. 1981)
  • 1981 - 15 November 1996: Dr. Saeed Ahmad Khan, M.B.B.S., Director, Health Services, West Pakistan (b. 1900 - d. 1996)
  • 1996 - 14 October 2002: Prof. Dr. Asghar Hameed, Ph.D. (Mathematics, Edinburgh, U.K.), Professor at University of Engineering and Technology, Lahore (b. 1919 - d. 2002)
  • 3 November 2002 - today: Prof. Dr. Abdul Karim Saeed, M.R.C.P. (U.K.), Head of Department of Medicine, Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad (b. 1945)

Some prominent Ahmadis

  • Muhammad Zafrulla Khan - First Foreign Minister of Pakistan (1947-54), President of the UN General Assembly (1962-64), President of the International Court of Justice (1970-73)
  • Dr. Abdus Salam - Awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1979
  • Mirza Tahir Ahmad (1928-2003) - Fourth Successor and Imam of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community [77]
  • Akhtar Hussain Malik - Lieutenant General of the Pakistan Army, 1965 war hero
  • Zafar A Chaudhry - Air Marshal and Chief of Air Staff of Pakistan Air Force (1972-74)
  • M M Ahmad - Prominent Civil Servant of Pakistan and former Executive Director of the World Bank
  • Iftikhar Janjua - Major General of the Pakistan Army - 1965 war hero, killed in 1971 war
  • Gen Abdul Ali Malik. War Hero of Chawinda, 1965 IndoPak war
  • Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din - Lawyer, founder of the Woking Muslim Mission in UK, founder of The Islamic Review, companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
  • Dr. Basharat Ahmad - Prominent religious scholar and author, companion of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
  • Naseer Ahmad Faruqui - Chief Election Commissioner Pakistan, (d.6 Dec 1991)
  • Maulana Muhammad Ali - Religious scholar and first Muslim author of an English language translation of the Quran
  • Obaidullah Aleem - Famous Urdu Poet.
  • Malik Ram - Urdu Scholar
  • Yusef Lateef - Jazz musician and Grammy Award winner
  • Mahershalalhashbaz Ali - Well Known Actor, Lead on the USA Network's program The 4400.
  • Sahibzada Abdul Latif: Martyr of Ahmadiyya Islam, Afghan king's [Amir Abdur Rahman Khan] advisor and representative of the Afghan government in formation of the Durand Line[78]
  • Adnan Virk : Canadian sports anchor and reporter, currently working for the Canadian sports network, The Score.

References

  1. ^ "Review of Religions" January 2002, Vol.97 Issue 01 pg. 8
  2. ^ http://www.alislam.org/introduction/index.html
  3. ^ "The Split in the Ahmadiyya Movement" by Maulana Muhammad Ali
  4. ^ "The Fourteenth-Century's Reformer / Mujaddid", from the "Call of Islam", by Maulana Muhammad Ali
  5. ^ http://www.alislam.org/books/3in1/chap2/index.html
  6. ^ http://www.alislam.org/books/truth/reflection.html
  7. ^ http://www.alislam.org/library/books/revelation/part_7_section_1.html
  8. ^ http://www.alislam.org/books/misunderstandingremoved.html
  9. ^ 1974 Declaration by World Muslim League. World Muslim League. April 1974.
  10. ^ A Study of the Fatwa by Rashid Rida on the Translation of the Qur'an
  11. ^ Pakistani Constitutional Amendments of 1974 Declaring Qadianis as a non-Muslim Minority
  12. ^ "The Split in the Ahmadiyya Movement" by Maulana Muhammad Ali
  13. ^ "The Split in the Ahmadiyya Movement" by Maulana Muhammad Ali
  14. ^ "Refutation of Maulvi Muhammad Ali's Account of Ahmadiyya Dissensions"
  15. ^ "Pseudo-Islamic Cults-The Ahmadiyya/Qadiani Movement", thetruereligion.org
  16. ^ Accusations Answered AAIIL
  17. ^ Misconceptions about Ahmadiyyat AAIIL Website
  18. ^ Fatwas of Kufr AAIIL
  19. ^ "Ahmadiyya", Encyclopaedia Britannica Online, [1]
  20. ^ "The British Archives,[2]
  21. ^ "The Ahmadiyya Movement in Islam An Overview", Al Islam, The official website of the Ahmadiyya Muslims Community, [3]
  22. ^ World Wide Branches of AAIIL Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement
  23. ^ [4] The Multiple Nature Of The Islamic Da'wa, Egdunas Racius Page 158-160. University of Helsinki
  24. ^ [5] Black Crescent: the experience and legacy of African Muslims in the Americas By Michael Angelo Gomez, Pages 254-256
  25. ^ [6] America's Alternative Religions By Timothy Miller, Page 280
  26. ^ [7] America's Alternative Religions By Timothy Miller, Page 280
  27. ^ [8] America's Alternative Religions By Timothy Miller, Page 280
  28. ^ An Act to amend the Constitution (2nd Amendment) ACT, 1974. An Act to amend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part I, 21st September, 1974
  29. ^ Persecution of the Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan: An Analysis Under International Law and International Relations Harvard Human Rights Journal, Vol 16, September 2003
    "Violent Dhaka rally against sect", BBC News
    "Eight die in Pakistan sect attack", BBC News
    "Sect offices closed in Pakistan", BBC News
  30. ^ [9] Denizens of Alien Worlds. T Rahman - Contemporary South Asia, 2004. A Survey of the Education System of Pakistan. By Tariq Rahman. Page 15
  31. ^ [10]Peace and Democracy in South Asia, Volume 1, Number 1, January 2005. Passports to Privilege: The English-Medium Schools In Pakistan, Tariq Rahman
  32. ^ http://web.amnesty.org/library/index/engasa130052004 Bangladesh: The Ahmediyya Community - their rights must be protected, Amnesty International
  33. ^ [11] Mahdi and Messiah, Chapter 4, "The Founder of the Ahmadiyya Movement by Maulana Muhammad Ali"
  34. ^ "The Matter of Abrogation", Friday Sermon by Maulana Muhammad Ali, December 20, 1914, Abrogation
  35. ^ http://www.alislam.org/topics/jesus/index.php Jesus, a Humble Prophet of God
  36. ^ "Death of Jesus", by Shahid Aziz, Bulletin October 2001, Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat Islam Lahore (UK), [12]
    "Jesus Migrated to India", The Promised Mehdi and Messiah, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam International Publications Limited, [13]
  37. ^ Muhammad in World Scriptures (Vol. 2):by Maulana Abdul Haq Vidyarthi, Advent of Holy Prophet Muhammad Foretold in the Books of the Old Testament of Jews and the New Testament of Christians [14]
  38. ^ Concept of Jihad and
    "True Meaning of Jihad", Compiled by Imam Kalamazad Mohammed; Published by the Muslim Literary Trust, Trinidad, [15]
  39. ^ "The Question of Finality of Prophethood", The Promised Mehdi and Messiha, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam International Publications Limited, [16]
  40. ^ "The Issue of Khatam-un-Nabiyyin", Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, [17]
  41. ^ "Islamic View of the Coming/Return of Jesus", by Dr. Ahmad Shafaat, 2003, Islamic Perspectives, [18]
  42. ^ "Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian never Claimed Prophethood [in the light of his own writings]", The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, [19]
  43. ^ "A Prophet Like Unto Moses", The Promised Mehdi and Messiha, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam International Publications Limited, [20]
  44. ^ "Who Was the Impostor of Qadian? Decide for Yourself!!", Inter-Islam.org, [21]
  45. ^ "The Use of the Terms Nabi & Rasul For Non-prophets", The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, [22]
  46. ^ "A World Reformer", The Promised Mehdi and Messiha, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam International Publications Limited, [23]
  47. ^ An Act to amend the Constitution (2nd Amendment) ACT, 1974. An Act to amend the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan Gazette of Pakistan, Extraordinary, Part I, 21st September, 1974
  48. ^ Passport Application Form, Government of Pakistan, [24]
  49. ^ "Who is a Muslim?", Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, [25]
    "Tarjuman al-Quran" by Sayyid Abul Ala Maudoodi, issue for month of Jumadi al-Awwal, 1355 A.H., circa 1936, vol. viii, p. 5
  50. ^ Definition of a Muslim, discussed in detail by Ahmadiyya sect
  51. ^ (from the English translation of Mirza Mahmud Ahmad’s book "A’inah-i Sadaqat", entitled "The Truth About the Split", pages 55–56, http://www.alislam.org/library/split/part1.html#refute)
  52. ^ "Further Similarities and Differences: (between esoteric, exoteric & Sunni/Shia) and (between Islam/Christianity/Judaism)", Reproduced with permission from Exploring World Religions, © 2001, by Oxford University Press Canada[26]
  53. ^ "The Issue of Khatam-un-Nabiyyin", Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, [27]
  54. ^ "No Claim To Prophethood: 20 Arguments by Hazrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad", Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, [28]
  55. ^ "The Question of Finality of Prophethood", The Promised Mehdi and Messiha, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam International Publications Limited, [29]
  56. ^ "Early History of Islam", Religion Online, ThinkQuest, Oracle Education Foundation, [30]
  57. ^ "Islam", MSN Encarta Online, [31]
  58. ^ "Further Similarities and Differences: (between esoteric, exoteric & Sunni/Shia) and (between Islam/Christianity/Judaism)", Reproduced with permission from Exploring World Religions, © 2001, by Oxford University Press Canada [32]
  59. ^ "The Birth of Jesus", Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, [33]
  60. ^ "Jesus Did not Die on the Cross", The Promised Mehdi and Messiha, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam International Publications Limited, [34]
  61. ^ "Jesus Migrated to India", The Promised Mehdi and Messiha, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam International Publications Limited, [35]
  62. ^ Concept of Jihad and
    "True Meaning of Jihad", Compiled by Imam Kalamazad Mohammed; Published by the Muslim Literary Trust, Trinidad, [36]
  63. ^ http://www.ahmadiyya.de/library/jihaad-wahres_konzept.html
  64. ^ "Five Pillars of Islam", Islam101.com, [37]
  65. ^ "The Question of Finality of Prophethood", The Promised Messiha and Mehdi, by Dr. Aziz Ahmad Chaudhry, Islam International Publications Limited, [38]
  66. ^ a b azrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Sahib of Qadian never Claimed Prophethood (in the light of his own writings). The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement.
  67. ^ Chaudhry, Aziz Ahmad. The Question of Finality of Prophethood, The Promised Messiha and Mehdi. Islam International Publications Limited.
  68. ^ "In what way can we harmonize John the Baptist’s claim that he was not Elijah with the statement of the Lord that he was?", Tony Capoccia, Bible Bulletin Board, [39])
  69. ^ "The Fourteenth-Century's Reformer / Mujaddid", Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement, [40]
  70. ^ Al-Azhar endorses publications by Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement AAIIL, USA
  71. ^ Marmaduke Pickthall's (famous British Muslim and a translator of the Quran into English)comments on Lahore Ahmadiyya Literature AAIIL, USA
  72. ^ "Lies and the Liar who told them!", www.inter-islam.org, [41]
  73. ^ Tributes to Maulana Muhammad Ali and The Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement AAIIL Website
  74. ^ "Pakistan: Killing of Ahmadis continues amid impunity", Amnesty International, Public Statement, AI Index: ASA 33/028/2005 (Public), News Service No: 271, 11 October 2005, [42]
  75. ^ [43]Islam and Pakistan by Freeland, Abbot. p. 160-161
  76. ^ [44]The British Empire and the Muslim World Francis Robinson, Page 21
  77. ^ http://www.alislam.org/library/tahir.html
  78. ^ "The Afghan Martyrs" by B.A. Rafiq

External links

Ahmadiyya Muslims Community

  • Official Website of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
  • Official Website of JALSA SALANA the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat Australia
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat Austria
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat Bangladesh
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Belgium
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Canada
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat France
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat Germany
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Indonesia
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat New Zealand
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat Sweden
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat Switzerland
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Community UK and Ireland
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Community USA
  • Ahmadiyya Muslim Community Spain

Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam

  • Official Website of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement for the Propagation of Islam -- Ahmadiyya Anjuman Ishaat-e-Islam Lahore

Other links

  • Persecution of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community
  • Article regarding death of Mirza Ghulam Ahmad
  • Dawat-e-Lillah Articles - Ahmadiyya articles at eSnips both in Urdu and in English languages and as well as in Arabic

Topical articles by opponents of the Ahmadiyya Sect

  • The Qadiani Sect by Yusuf Smith - A Muslim convert's Point of View - Alhafeez.org Anti Ahmadiyya Anti Shia Anti Barelvi, Anti Ismaieli website
  • Qadiyanism: A Brief Survey - The Institute of Islamic Information and Education, USA
  • Allama Iqbal on Ahmadism - ServantsofAllah.org
  • Sir Muhammad Iqbal and the Ahmadiyya Movement - Iqbal's sympathies and support for the Ahmadiyya Movement
  • The Problem Of Qadiyanism by Sayyid Abul Ala Maududi - Ummah.com Anti Ahmadiyya Anti Shia Anti Barelvi, Anti Ismaieli website
  • Mirza Qadiani's Anti-Islamic Claims by Dr. Syed Rashid Ali - Islamicweb
  • Finality of Prophethood by Abul A'la Maududi - youngmuslims.com
  • Darul Ishaat - Learn the truth about Islam
  • AboutAhmadiyya.com - Information about Ahmadiyya movement

Other sites with works critical of the Ahmadiyya Movement

  • - Replies to miscellaneous allegations
  • Confession of few facts by severe opponents of Ahmadis like Dr, Israr Ahmad.Positive remarks about Ahmadiyyat and Founder of Ahmadiyyat by Allama Iqbal, Sir Syed Ahmad Khan and bitter opponent of Ahmadiyyat Dr. Israr Ahmad.A video Clip from ARY Digital, A famous satellite TV channel)
  • Allama Iqbal on Ahmadism - ServantsofAllah.org
  • Khatm-e-Nubuwwat
  • Anti Corruption
Maulana Hakeem Noor-ud-Din, the first Successor to Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad of Qadian was born at Bhera, Distt. ... Maulana Muhammad Ali 1874-1951 Amir (1914-1951) Muhammad Ali was born in 1874 in Punjab (India). ... Imam Maulana Sadr-ud-Din (↑ 15. ... This article needs cleanup. ... The fourth Emir of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement. ... Sir Muhammad Zafrulla Khan (1893 1985) was a Pakistani diplomat, renowned international jurist and a scholar of the worldwide Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. ... For other uses, see Abdus Salam (disambiguation). ... Mirza Tahir Ahmad (* 18 December 1928 in Qadian, † 19 April 2003 in London) was Khalifatul Masih IV., Head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. ... (PA – 148) Lieutenant General Akhtar Hussain Malik was a man of towering presence and was known for his acuteness of mind and boldness of spirit. ... Mirza Muzaffar Ahmad, commonly known as MM Ahmad was born on February 28, 1913, in Qadian, India. ... General Iftikhar Janjua, the hero of Runn Kutch, is known as the only general to have died on the front line. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Battle of Chawinda was a tank battle, fought as part of the Sialkot Campaign in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965. ... Khwaja Kamal-ud-Din (1870-1932), a lawyer by profession, was a member of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement[1], and the author of numerous publications[2][3] about Islam and the Ahmadiyya movement. ... Basharat Ahmad (1876-1943), a member of the Lahore Ahmadiyya Movement[1], is the author of numerous publications about Islam and the Ahmadiyya movement. ... Naseer Ahmad Faruqui (d. ... The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... Obadiullah Aleem was a famous modern poet of Urdu language. ... Album cover of Eastern Sounds Dr. Yusef Lateef (born William Emanuel Huddleston, October 9, 1920) is an American jazz musician. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mahershalalhashbaz Ali Mahershalalhashbaz Ali (born 16 February in Oakland, California) is an actor and currently cast as Richard Tyler in The 4400. ... Afghanistan before the Durand agreement of 1893. ... Adnan Virk is currently an anchor for The Score, and was formerly the Associate Producer for Sportscentre at TSN. He was born in Toronto, Canada but spent his formative years in Morven, Ontario, a small town just outside of Kingston, Ontario. ... Maulana Muhammad Ali 1874-1951 Amir (1914-1951) Muhammad Ali was born in 1874 in Punjab (India). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Muhammad al-Mahdi. ... In Judaism, the Messiah (Hebrew: , Standard  Tiberian ; Aramaic: , ; Arabic: , ; the Anointed One) at first meant any person who was anointed with oil on rising to a certain position among the ancient Israelites, at first that of High priest, later that of King and also that of a prophet. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Clarkson University - News - Clarkson Names Goodarz Ahmadi To Robert R. Hill '48 Professorship (689 words)
In 2001, Ahmadi was the first professor to be awarded the title of "Clarkson Distinguished Professor," which recognizes tenured professors whose accomplishments well exceed the requirements for promotion to the rank of full professor.
Some of Ahmadi's research interests include multiphase and granular flows, particle and fiber adhesion and removal, aerosols, micro-contamination control, turbulence modeling, stability of fluid motions, continuum mechanics, nonlinear random vibrations and earthquake engineering.
Ahmadi is currently working on DOE and NASA-funded projects for developing a new technique for modeling turbulent flows of dense and dilute, solid-gas or liquid mixtures with application to coal transport and processing, spray formation and hot-gas filtration.
WebWire | Dr. Hamid Ahmadi Joins Motorola as Company’s First Chief Architect (673 words)
Ahmadi has over 25 years of research, development and management experience in the area of telecommunication, IP networking, wireless communications and network security.
Ahmadi is also on the Industry Advisory Board of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Maryland, College Park and University of California, Santa Barbara, and was an executive board member of the International Computer Science Institute at University of California, Berkeley.
Ahmadi served as founding editor-in-chief of the IEEE Personal Communications Magazine, guest editor for the IEEE JSAC and was technical editor for the IEEE transaction on communications.
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