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Encyclopedia > Ahl al Bayt
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Arabic
أهل البيت
Transliteration
Ahl al-Bayt, Ahlul Bayt, Ahl-e-Bayth
Translation
"People of the house"

Ahl al-Bayt (Arabic: أهل البيت ) is a phrase meaning People of the House, or family. In the Islamic tradition it refers to the household of the prophet Muhammad and his progeny through his daughter Fatima Zahra's marriage with his cousin Ali; their sons Hasan ibn Ali and Husayn ibn Ali were Muhammad's grandsons. Jump to: navigation, search Arabic (Arabic: العربية; transliterated: al-carabiyyah, less formally, عربي transliterated: carabÄ«) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Jump to: navigation, search Due to the fact that the Arabic language has a number of phonemes that have no equivalent in English or other European languages, a number of different transliteration methods have been invented to represent certain Arabic characters, due to various conflicting goals: A desire to stay... Jump to: navigation, search Translation is an activity comprising the interpretation of the meaning of a text in one language — the source text — and the production of a new, equivalent text in another language — called the target text, or the translation. ... Jump to: navigation, search Arabic (Arabic: العربية; transliterated: al-carabiyyah, less formally, عربي transliterated: carabÄ«) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Jump to: navigation, search Islam â–¶(?) (Arabic: الإسلام al-islām) the submission to God is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions, the worlds second-largest religion, and said by some to be the fastest growing religion in the world. ... Jump to: navigation, search Muhammad is a common Muslim male name. ... In biology, offspring are the product of reproduction, a new organism produced by one or more parents. ... Jump to: navigation, search Fatima Zahra also called Fatemeh Al Zahraa or Az-Zahra (Arabic: ) was the daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his first wife Khadija. ... Ali ibn Abi Talib (علي بن أبي طالب) (c. ... Jump to: navigation, search Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ... Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ...


Followers of Shi'a Islam believe that the Shi'a imamate descended through the Ahl al-Bayt. Jump to: navigation, search Shii redirects here. ... The Imamate was the state built up by the imams of Dagestan during the early and middle of the nineteenth century in the Eastern Caucasus, especially in Chechnya and Dagestan, to fight against the invasion of the Russian Empire. ...

Contents


Controversy

Sunni

The Sunni normally include Muhammad's wives and widows in the Ahl al-Bayt, interpreting Al-Ahzab:33 as supporting this view (cf., for example, Tafsir Ibn Kathir[1].) Some vacillation on this point is observable in the hadith collections generally accepted by Sunnis: thus Sahih Muslim Book 31, No. 5920 quotes Zaid ibn Arqam as saying that his wives are Ahl al-Bayt in general (though not in the context of Muhammad's speech at Khumm), while 5923 quotes him as saying that they are not. Surat Al-Ahzab (The Clans, The Coalition, The Combined Forces) is the 33rd sura of the Quran with 73 ayat. ... Ibn Kathir (Arabic : بن كثير ) was an Islamic scholar born in Busra, Syria in 1301 CE. He was taught by the Islamic scholar Ibn Taymiyya in Damascus, Syria. ... Sahih Muslim is a collection of sayings and deeds of Prophet Muhammad (also known as the sunnah). ... Told ahadith about hadith thaqalayn when he was older, during the Ummayed rule. ...


Shia

The Shi'a believe "Ahl al-Bayt" can refer to two things, one in the general sense, the other as a Islamic term, in the same way as zakat means in a general way "making pure" and the Islamic term means "giving alms". Zakât (or Zakaat or Zakah) (Arabic: زكاة, Old (Quran) Arabic: زكوة) is the third of the Five Pillars of Islam. ...


Shia view the general meaning of "Ahl al-Bayt" as those who were related to the Prophet by blood only. They take the Islamic term to mean "Ali, Fatimah, Hasan ibn Ali, Husayn ibn Ali and their progeny and none else". Ali and Fatima and their children were singled out, the Shi'a argue, because they were free from sin and showed perfect faith in Islam. The Shi'a cite the hadith called the Event of the Cloak as proof that Muhammad claimed his daughter's family as his own, and excluded his wives. Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Ali (disambiguation). ... Jump to: navigation, search Fatima Zahra also called Fatemeh Al Zahraa or Az-Zahra (Arabic: ) was the daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his first wife Khadija. ... Jump to: navigation, search Hasan ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ... Husayn ibn Ali ibn Abu Talib (c. ... The Event Of The Cloak, arabic Hadith al-Kisa, is the event where the prophet Muhammad collected Hasan, Husein, Ali and Fatimah in his cloak. ...


The Shi'a further believe that the wives of the Prophet exhibited bad behavior and jealousy, which would then nullify their status as "People of the House."


See also

A Sharif is a traditional Arab tribal title given to those to serve as the protector of the tribe and all tribal assets, property, land, wells etc. ... Jump to: navigation, search Sayyid (Arabic: سید also rendered as Syed, in Malaysia and South Asia,or Seyyed or Sayyed in Iran also Syed, Saiyed or Sayed) is an honorific title often given to descendants of Muhammad through his grandsons, Hussain and Hassan, the sons of his daughter Fatima Zahra and... Hashemite (Arabic هاشمي) traditionally refers to those belonging to the Banu Hashim, or clan of Hashem, a clan within the larger Quraish tribe. ... Jump to: navigation, search Muhammad (570-632 C.E.) was the founder of the religion of Islam; he unified the tribes and city states of Arabia. ...

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