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Encyclopedia > Agustín de Iturbide

Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu ( September 27 is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 95 days remaining. Events 489 - Odoacer attacks Theoderic at the Battle of Verona, and is defeated again. 1540 - Jesuit Order receives its charter from Pope Paul III. 1590 - Pope Urban VII dies... September 27, Events February 3 - Spain recognizes United States independence. February 4 - American Revolutionary War: Great Britain formally declares that it will cease hostilities with the United States of America. May 18 - Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada- First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown. June 5 - The Montgolfier brothers publicly demonstrate their montgolfi... 1783 July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. Events 711 - Muslim forces under Tariq ibn Ziyad defeat the Visigoths led by their king Roderic. 1333 - Battle of Halidon Hill: the final battle of the Wars of Scottish... July 19, 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). Events January 22 - Ashantis crush British forces in the Gold Coast Cimetière du Montparnasse established The Dutch sign the Masang Agreement temporarily ending hostilities in the Padri War March 17 signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty... 1824) was The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. (For the Pre-Columbian empires of Mesoamerica in the territory of modern-day Mexico, see Aztec, Toltec, and Teotihuacan.) First Mexican Empire The First Mexican Empire... Emperor of Mexico from Events March 30 - Florida becomes a United States territory. May 24 - Battle of Pichincha: Simón Bolívar secures the independence of Quito. June 14 - Charles Babbage proposes a Difference engine in a paper to the Royal Astronomical Society entitled Note on the application of machinery to the computation of... 1822 to Events July 15 - San Paolo fuori le Mura church in Rome almost completely destroyed by fire September 10 - Peru December 2 - US President James Monroe delivers a speech to the U.S. Congress, announcing a new policy of forbidding European interference in the Americas and establishing American neutrality in future... 1823.

Agustín de Iturbide, early 19th century This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. This applies worldwide. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Agustín de Iturbide
Agustín de Iturbide

Iturbide was born in the city now known as This article is about the city. For other meanings, see Morelia (disambiguation). Aqueduct in Morelia Morelia is the capital of the state of Michoacán in Mexico. The city is located at 19.72°N, 101.18°W. In 2003 the estimated population was 568,700 people. It is a... Morelia, Other Mexican States Capital Morelia Other major cities Lázaro Cárdenas list of municipalities Area 59,928 km² Ranked 16th Population (2000 census) 3,979,180 Ranked 7th Governor (2002-08) Lázaro Cárdenas Batel (PRD) Federal Deputies (13) PRD = 9 PRI = 2... Michoacán, The United Mexican States or Mexico ( Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States of America, to the southeast by... Mexico, then called Valladolid and part of the colony of Flag of New Spain New Spain (in the Spanish language Nueva España) was the name given to the Spanish colonial territory in North America from c. 1525 to 1821. The Capital of New Spain was Mexico City. New Spain was ruled by a Viceroy appointed by the King of... New Spain. He was the son of Spanish parents who had come to Mexico shortly before his birth.


He joined the The Kingdom of Spain or Spain ( Spanish: Reino de España or España; Catalan: Regne dEspanya; Basque: Espainiako Erresuma; Galician: Reino da España) is a country located in the southwest of Europe. It shares the Iberian Peninsula with Portugal, Gibraltar and Andorra. To the... Spanish army in Events February-October - Irish Rebellion of 1798 April 7 - The Georgia and South Carolina and is later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the U.S. and Spain April 26 - France annexes Geneva May 24 - Irish nationalists rebel against British occupation forces believing that French troops were... 1798 and by 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). Events January 10 - Marriage of Napoleon and Josephine is annulled January 20 - Tyrolean rebel leader Andreas Hofer executed March 11 - Napoleon marries Marie-Louise of Austria April 19 - Venezuela achieves home rule: Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General... 1810 had risen to the rank of lieutenant. That year the The Mexican War of Independence, which lasted from 1810 to 1821, was Mexicos struggle for independence against Spanish colonial rule. It started as an idealistic peasants rebellion against their colonial masters but finally ended as an unlikely alliance between liberales (liberals) and conservadores (conservatives) fighting together for Mexicos... Mexican War of Independence broke out, and Iturbide at first fought alongside the Spanish troops in attempting to suppress it.


He was an able military commander and in Events March 25 - Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck dies and is succeeded by the later Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, his son and founder of the Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. May 2 - Leopold of Saxe-Coburg, later King of the Belgians... 1816 was put in command of the Spanish forces in the north of The United Mexican States or Mexico ( Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos or México; regarding the use of the variant spelling Méjico, see section The name below) is a country located in North America, bordered to the north by the United States of America, to the southeast by... Mexico.


He gradually grew more sympathetic to the Mexican cause, however, and began secret negotiations with rebel leader Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (10 August 1782 – 14 February 1831) was one of the leaders of Mexicos struggle for independence from Spain and an early President of Mexico. He was born in the town of Tixtla, some 100 km inland from the port of Acapulco, in... Vicente Guerrero. In 1820 Iturbide joined the rebels, taking most of his loyal army with him. In February of Events February 23 - The Philadelphia College of Apothecaries founds the first pharmacy college. March 25 - Greece declares its independence from the Ottoman Empire, beginning the Greek War of Independence. July 10 - The United States takes possession of its newly-bought territory of Florida from Spain. July 28 - Peru declares independence... 1821 Iturbide and Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (10 August 1782 – 14 February 1831) was one of the leaders of Mexicos struggle for independence from Spain and an early President of Mexico. He was born in the town of Tixtla, some 100 km inland from the port of Acapulco, in... Vicente Guerrero issued the The Plan de Iguala — the Iguala Plan, also known as Plan of the Three Guarantees (Plan Trigarante) — was proclaimed on 24 February 1821 in the final phases of Mexicos War of Independence from Spain. It takes its name from the city of Iguala in the modern-day... Plan de Iguala, calling for a unified independent Mexico.


They succeeded in rallying the other rebels together and driving the Spanish royalists from the country. Iturbide became the head of the new government junta. In an historic mistake, he signed an agreement with the departing Spaniards that they could leave with the value of their land holdings in hard currency. As Spaniards held title to most of the best land in the country, this quickly depleted Mexico of all its currency; even General Name, Symbol, Number silver, Ag, 47 Chemical series Transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 5 , d Density, Hardness 10490 kg/m3, 2.5 Appearance Lustrous white metal Atomic properties Atomic weight 107.8683 amu Atomic radius (calc.) 160 (165) pm Covalent radius 153 pm van der Waals radius 172... silver church bells and General Name, Symbol, Number Gold, Au, 79 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11 (IB), 6, d Density, Hardness 19300 kg/m3, 2.5 Appearance Metallic yellow Atomic properties Atomic weight 196.96655 amu Atomic radius (calc.) 135 (174) pm Covalent radius 144 pm van der Waals radius 166... gold altarpieces were melted down in an attempt to pay off the debts, and Mexico entered the world as a new nation in a state of bankruptcy.


Iturbide was backed and influenced by Mexico's conservadores who favored an independent Mexico with a monarch from one of the European royal families as head of state. When no European royals accepted Mexico's offer (as Spain still had hopes of taking Mexico back), Iturbide was persuaded by his advisors to make himself Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). An emperor is a monarch and sovereign ruler of an empire or any other imperial realm. Emperors are generally recognised to be above kings in honour. They may obtain their position hereditarily, or by force, such as a coup... Emperor in the manner of For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). Portrait of Napoléon Bonaparte Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general and ruler of the French Republic. He was a general of the French Revolution and became the effective ruler of France in 1799: he was First... Napoleon I. Iturbide did this with some genuine reluctance, since he was a sincere believer in the divine right of kings, and thought that as someone without royal blood he was unworthy. On July 21, 1822, he was crowned Agustín I, Constitutional Emperor of Mexico.


Iturbide attempted to run the nation as he had led the army, giving orders and commanding that those who disagreed with him be imprisoned. Opposition to his administration soon grew, and in Events July 15 - San Paolo fuori le Mura church in Rome almost completely destroyed by fire September 10 - Peru December 2 - US President James Monroe delivers a speech to the U.S. Congress, announcing a new policy of forbidding European interference in the Americas and establishing American neutrality in future... 1823 various regional governors and military commanders, among them Guadalupe Victoria, born in Durango, Mexico, was the President of Mexico from 1824 to 1829. He became the first president of the new country after the overthrow of Emperor Agustín de Iturbide in Mexican War of Independence; his given name was actually Félix Fernández but he chose... Guadalupe Victoria and Antonio López de Santa Anna Antonio López de Santa Anna Pérez de Lebrón (sometimes spelled de Santa Ana) ( February 21, 1794 - 21 June 1876) was a Mexican general and dictator. Antonio López was born to lower-middle class parents in... Antonio López de Santa Anna, issued the The Plan de Casa Mata was formulated to finish with the monarchy in Mexico and to establish the republic. In December 1822, Antonio López de Santa Anna rose against Agustín de Iturbide, along with Guadalupe Victoria to sign the Plan de Casa Mata on (February 1, 1823), aimed... Plan de Casa Mata, calling for Iturbide's overthrow and declaring Mexico a In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people that dont found their power status on any principle beyond the control of the people living in that state or country. This definition encompasses most of the specific definitions that are (or were... Republic. On March 19 is the 78th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (79th in leap years). There are 287 days remaining. Events up to 19th century 1279 - Mongolian victory in the Battle of Yamen ends the Song Dynasty in China. 1687 - The men under explorer Robert Cavelier de La... 19 March, 1823, Iturbide abdicated and agreed to leave the country without a fight, in exchange for which he was granted a pension. He sailed to exile in The Italian Republic or Italy ( Italian: Repubblica Italiana or Italia) is a country in southern Europe. It comprises a boot-shaped peninsula and two large islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily and Sardinia, and shares its northern alpine boundary with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. The independent countries of San... Italy, then moved to London — containing the City of London — is the capital of the United Kingdom and of England and a major world city. With over seven million inhabitants (Londoners) in Greater London area, it is amongst the most densely populated areas in Western Europe. Founded as Londinium, the capital of... London where he published his autobiography Statement of Some of the Principal Events in the Public Life of Agustín de Iturbide. He decided to return to Mexico, and landed there in Other Mexican States Capital Ciudad Victoria Other major cities Tampico Area 79,384 km² Ranked 7th Population (2000 census) 2,747,110 Ranked 13th Governor (1999-2005) Tomás Yarrington Ruvalcaba (PRI) Federal Deputies (8) PRI = 6 PAN = 2 Federal Senators PRI = 2 PAN = 1 ISO 3166-2 Postal abbr... Tamaulipas on July 15 is the 196th day (197th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 169 days remaining. Events 1099 - Christian soldiers take Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem after a difficult siege during First Crusade. 1207 - John of England expels Canterbury monks for supporting Archbishop... July 15, 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). Events January 22 - Ashantis crush British forces in the Gold Coast Cimetière du Montparnasse established The Dutch sign the Masang Agreement temporarily ending hostilities in the Padri War March 17 signing of the Anglo-Dutch Treaty... 1824, where he was immediately arrested and soon after shot by the local authorities.


In Events January 6 - Samuel Morse first publicly demonstrates the telegraph. January 8 - Alfred Vail demonstrates a telegraph using dots and dashes (this is the forerunner of Morse code) January 12 - Joseph Smith, Jr. and Sidney Rigdon flee Ohio for Missouri March 7 – Jenny Lind, the Swedish Nightingale debuts at... 1838 the Conservative government of Anastasio Bustamante (1780-1853) was President of Mexico from 1832 to 1833 and then from 1839 to 1841. He was a Conservative. He first came to power by leading a coup against president Vicente Guerrero. Bustamante was deposed twice, and exiled to Europe each time. He later became a Senator... Anastasio Bustamante moved Iturbide's body to the Cathedral in Mexico City (Spanish: Ciudad de México) is the federal capital of and largest city in Mexico. It geographically spans the Distrito Federal (D.F.) and part of the state of México to the north of the Federal District. Mexico City is the largest city in North America and... Mexico City and reburied him in splendor with the title of "National Liberator".


In 1865 is a common year starting on Sunday. Events January 31 - American Civil War: Confederate General Robert E. Lee becomes general-in-chief. February - The Only known month in History without a Full moon. February 17 - American Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns as Confederate forces flee from advancing Union... 1865 Iturbide's grandson Agustín de Iturbide y Green was named heir to the nation's only other emperor, Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico, (July 6, 1832 - June 19, 1867) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg family. With the backing of Napoleon III of France and a group of Mexican conservatives, he was proclaimed Emperor of Mexico on April 10, 1864. Many Mexicans and foreign governments refused... Maximilian of Mexico.


See Also

  • Prehistory Hunter-Gatherer peoples are thought to have inhabited Mexico more than 20,000 years ago. Evidence shows the beginning of farming between 1500 and 900 BC. Between 900 and 300 BC, more complex cultures began to form. From AD 100 to 900 some matured into great civilizations, such as... History of Mexico
  • Brigadier General Antonio Valero de Bernabe (October 26, 1790 - June 7, 1863), born in the city of Fajardo, Puerto Rico, was a military leader who wanted the independence of Puerto Rico and who believed in the formation of a confederation of Latin American nations. His father was an officer in... Antonio Valero de Bernabe

External links

Imperial House of Mexico (http://www.casaimperial.org/)


 
 

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