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Encyclopedia > Agricultural machinery

Agricultural machinery is one of the most revolutionary and impactful applications of modern technology. The truly elemental human need for food has often driven the development of technology and machines. Over the last 250 years, advances in farm equipment have dramatically changed the way people are employed and produce their food worldwide. Claas Lexion 570 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Claas Lexion 570 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... A LEXION Combine. ... For other uses, see Revolution (disambiguation). ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... This article is about modern humans. ... This article is about devices that perform tasks. ... Farm equipment is any kind of machinery used on a farm to help with farming. ...

Contents

History

The first person to turn from the hunting and gathering lifestyle to farming probably did so by using his bare hands, and perhaps some sticks or stones. Tools such as knives, scythes, and wooden plows were eventually developed, and dominated agriculture for thousands of years. During this time, almost everyone worked in agriculture, because each family could barely raise enough food for themselves with the limited technology of the day. In anthropology, the hunter-gatherer way of life is that led by certain societies of the Neolithic Era based on the exploitation of wild plants and animals. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... For other uses, see Hand (disambiguation). ... A modern hammer is directly descended from ancient hand tools A tool or device is a piece of equipment which typically provides a mechanical advantage in accomplishing a physical task, or provides an ability that is not naturally available to the user of a tool. ... This article is about the tool. ... A traditional wooden scythe A scythe (IPA: , most likely from Old English siðe, sigði) is an agricultural hand tool for mowing and reaping grass or crops. ... For other uses, see Wood (disambiguation). ... For the constellation known as The Plough see Ursa Major. ... a family of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso in 1997 Family is a Western term used to denote a domestic group of people, or a number of domestic groups linked through descent (demonstrated or stipulated) from a common ancestor, marriage or adoption. ...


WithRevolution]] and the development of more complicated machines, farming methods took a great leap forward. Instead of harvesting grain by hand with a sharp blade, wheeled machines cut a continuous swath. Instead of threshing the grain by beating it with sticks, threshing machines separated the seeds from the heads and stalks. This article is about gathering crops. ... This article is about cereals in general. ... A blade is the flat part of a tool or weapon that normally has a cutting edge and/or pointed end typically made of a metal, most recently, steel intentionally used to cut, stab, slice, throw, thrust, or strike an animate or inainimate object. ... For other uses, see Wheel (disambiguation). ... Threshing is the process of beating cereal plants in order to separate the seeds or grains from the straw. ... The thrashing machine, or, in modern spelling, threshing machine (or simply thresher), was a machine first invented by Scottish mechanical engineer Andrew Meikle for use in agriculture. ... A ripe red jalapeño cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ...


These machines required a lot of power, which was originally supplied by horses or other domesticated animals. With the invention of steam power came the steam-powered tractor, a multipurpose, mobile energy source that was the ground-crawling cousin to the steam locomotive. Agricultural steam engines took over the heavy pulling work of horses, and were also equipped with a pulley that could power stationary machines via the use of a long belt. The steam-powered behemoths could provide a tremendous amount of power, both because of their size and their low gear ratios. Their slow speed led farmers to comment that tractors had two speeds: "slow, and darn slow." In physics, power (symbol: P) is the rate at which work is performed or energy is transferred. ... Who ever deleted my page is a prat and i wil hunt them down on lucy and shout at them loudly! RAAAAARRR! connie sansom ... This is a list of animals that have been domesticated by humans. ... A steam engine is a heat engine that makes use of the potential energy that exists as pressure in steam, converting it to mechanical work. ... A steam engine is a heat engine that makes use of the thermal energy that exists in steam, converting it to mechanical work. ... Binomial name Equus caballus Linnaeus, 1758 The horse (Equus caballus, sometimes seen as a subspecies of the Wild Horse, Equus ferus caballus) is a large odd-toed ungulate mammal, one of ten modern species of the genus Equus. ... For the band, see Pulley (band). ... v-belt flat belt A Belt is a looped strip of flexible material, used to mechanically link two or more rotating shafts. ... Gears on a piece of farm equipment, gear ratio 1:1. ...


Gasoline, and later diesel engines became the main source of power for the next generation of tractors. These engines also contributed to the development of the self-propelled, combined harvester and thresher, or combine for short. Instead of cutting the grain stalks and transporting them to a stationary threshing machine, these combines cut, threshed, and separated the grain while moving continuously through the field. Petrol redirects here. ... This article is about the fuel. ... An engine is something that produces some effect from a given input. ... A LEXION Combine. ...


Types

Combines might have taken the harvesting job away from tractors, but tractors still do the majority of work on a modern farm. They are used to pull implements—machines that till the ground, plant seed, or perform a number of other tasks. Farm equipment is any kind of machinery used on a farm to help with farming. ...


Tillage implements prepare the soil for planting by loosening the soil and killing weeds or competing plants. The best-known is the plow, the ancient implement that was upgraded in 1838 by a man named John Deere. Plows are actually used less frequently in the U.S. today, with offset disks used instead to turn over the soil and chisels used to gain the depth needed to retain moisture. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Loess field in Germany Surface-water-gley developed in glacial till, Northern Ireland Technically, soil forms the pedosphere: the interface between the lithosphere (rocky part of the planet) and the biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. ... Yellow starthistle, a thistle native to southern Europe and the Middle East that is an invasive weed in parts of North America. ... The traditional way: a German farmer works the land with a horse and plough. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... John Deere This article is about John Deere, the inventor of the first successful steel plow. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The Chisel Plow is common tool to get deep tillage with limited soil disruption. ...


The most common type of seeder is called a planter and spaces seeds out equally in long rows, which are usually 2 to 3 feet apart. Some crops are planted by drills, which put out much more seed in rows less than a foot apart, blanketing the field with crops. Transplanters fully or partially automate the task of transplanting seedlings to the field. With the widespread use of plastic mulch, plastic mulch layers, transplanters, and seeders lay down long rows of plastic, and plant through them automatically. The seed drill was invented by Jethro Tull in 1701: It allowed farmers to sow seeds in well-spaced rows at specific depths. ... A plantation is an intentional planting of a crop, on a larger scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Agriculture (from Agri Latin for ager (a field), and culture, from the Latin cultura cultivation in the strict sense of tillage of the soil. A literal reading of the English word yields tillage of the soil of a field.) is the production of food, feed, fiber and other goods by... Seeder redirects here. ... Sunflower seedlings, just three days after germination In a botanical sense, germination is the process of emergence of growth from a resting stage. ... Plastic mulch is a product used to suppress weeds and conserve water in crop production and landscaping. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


After planting, other implements can be used to cultivate weeds from between rows, or to spread fertilizer and pesticides. Hay balers can be used to tightly package grass or alfalfa into a storable form for the winter months. Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (also spelled fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... A cropduster spreading pesticide. ... For other uses, see Hay (disambiguation). ... A round baler A baler is a piece of farm machinery that is used to compress a cut, raked, crop (such as hay or straw) into bales and bind the bales with twine. ... For the Our Gang (Little Rascals) character, see Carl Switzer. ... Winter is one of the four seasons of temperate zones. ...


Modern irrigation also relies on a great deal of machinery. A variety of engines, pumps and other specialized gear is used to provide water quickly and in high volumes to large areas of land. Similar types of equipment can be used to deliver fertilizers and pesticides. Irrigation is the artificial application of water to the soil usually for assisting in growing crops. ... This article is about a mechanical device. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (also spelled fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either via the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... A cropduster spreading pesticide. ...


And, besides the tractor, a variety of vehicles have been adapted for use in various aspects of farming, including trucks, airplanes, and helicopters, for everything from transporting crops and making equipment mobile, to aerial spraying and livestock herd management. For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... A herd of Wildebeest A gaggle of Canada geese For other uses, see Herd (disambiguation). ...


New technology and the future

The basic technology of agricultural machines has changed little in the last century. Though modern harvesters and planters may do a better job or be slightly tweaked from their predecessors, the US$250,000 combine of today still cuts, threshes, and separates grain in essentially the same way it has always been done. However, technology is changing the way that humans operate the machines, as computer monitoring systems, GPS locators, and self-steer programs allow the most advanced tractors and implements to be more precise and less wasteful in the use of fuel, seed, or fertilizer. In the foreseeable future, some agricultural machines will be capable of driving themselves, using GPS maps and electronic sensors. Even more esoteric are the new areas of nanotechnology and genetic engineering, where submicroscopic devices and biological processes, respectively, are being used as machines to perform agricultural tasks in unusual new ways. A century (From the Latin cent, one hundred) is one hundred consecutive years. ... This article is about the machine. ... Over fifty GPS satellites such as this NAVSTAR have been launched since 1978. ... For other uses, see Map (disambiguation). ... Etymology Esoteric is an adjective originating during Hellenic Greece under the domain of the Roman Empire; it comes from the Greek esôterikos, from esôtero, the comparative form of esô: within. It is a word meaning anything that is inner and occult, a latinate word meaning hidden (from which... Nanotechnology refers broadly to a field of applied science and technology whose unifying theme is the control of matter on the atomic and molecular scale, normally 1 to 100 nanometres, and the fabrication of devices within that size range. ... Kenyans examining insect-resistant transgenic Bt corn. ... Look up Submicroscopic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Biology studies the variety of life (clockwise from top-left) E. coli, tree fern, gazelle, Goliath beetle Biology (from Greek: βίος, bio, life; and λόγος, logos, knowledge), also referred to as the biological sciences, is the study of living organisms utilizing the scientific method. ...


Agriculture may be one of the oldest professions, but the development and use of machinery has made the job title of farmer a rarity. Instead of every person having to work to provide food for themselves, less than 2% of the U.S. population today works in agriculture, yet that 2% provides considerably more food than the other 98% can eat. It is estimated that at the turn of the 20th century, one farmer in the U.S. could feed 25 people, where today, that ratio is 1:130 (in a modern grain farm, a single farmer can produce cereal to feed over a thousand people). With continuing advances in agricultural machinery, the role of the farmer will become increasingly specialized and rare. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Agricultural Machinery - Agricultural Machinery Manufacturers,Agricultural Machinery Suppliers & Exporters (1935 words)
Engaged in manufacturing and exporting of agricultural machinery that includes zero till ferti seed drill, aluminum fluted rollers assembly, axial flow vegetable seed extractor, multicrop planter for sowing on ridges and zero till multicrop planter.
Engaged in supplying of agricultural machinery, agricultural straightening machinery, agricultural gearbox, helical gearbox, worm reduction gearbox, mill stand, steel casted stand and all types of agricultural rolling mill.
Manufacturers and exporters of agricultural machinery such as crop thresher, discs plough, paddy thresher, haramba thresher, sun flower thresher, rotavator tiller, tractor trolly, water tanker, winower and zero tillage seed cum fertilizer drill.
Agricultural machinery - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (986 words)
Agricultural machinery is one of the most revolutionary and impactful applications of modern technology.
Agricultural steam engines took over the heavy pulling work of horses, and were also equipped with a pulley that could power stationary machines via the use of a long belt.
Agriculture may be one of the oldest professions, but the development and use of machinery has made the job title of farmer a rarity.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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