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Encyclopedia > Agra
  ?Agra
Uttar Pradesh • India
 Agra 
Coordinates: 27°11′N 78°01′E / 27.18, 78.02
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area
Elevation

• 171 m (561 ft)
District(s) Agra
Population 1,400,000 (2001)
Codes
Pincode
Telephone
Vehicle

• 282 XXX
• +91(562)
• UP-80

Coordinates: 27°11′N 78°01′E / 27.18, 78.02 Agra can be any of the following places: Agra is a city in India Two U.S. places are named Agra: Agra, Kansas Agra, Oklahoma AGRA, a Canadian company This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 605 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 1015 pixel, file size: 537 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) The Taj Mahal Author: Amal Mongia. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Locator_Dot. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Location of Mirzapur and the 82. ... The geography of India is diverse, with landscape ranging from snow-capped mountain ranges to deserts, plains, rainforests, hills, and plateaus. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... The divisions of a district. ... Agra District is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and the historical city of Agra is the district headquarters. ... 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and also: The International Year of the Volunteer The United Nations Year of Dialogue Among Civilizations Events January January 1 - A black monolith measuring approximately nine feet tall appears in Seattles Magnuson Park, placed by an anonymous... Example of a PIN: The PIN code of Ujjain in Madhya Pradesh A Postal Index Number or PIN or Pincode is the post office numbering or post code system used by the Indian Postal Service. ... For the past decade or so, telecommunication activities have gained momentum in India. ... Licence plates on the back of a taxi in Kolkata. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Agra (pronounced [ɑːɣrə] ) (Hindi: आगरा, Urdu: آگرا) is a city on the banks of the Yamuna River in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It finds mention in the epic Mahabharata when it was called Agrabana, or Paradise. Ptolemy, the famous 2nd century geographer, marked it on his map of the world as Agra. Tradition and legend ascribe the present city of Raja Badal Singh (around 1475) whose Fort, Badalgarh, Stood on or near the site of the present Fort. However, the 12th century Persian poet Salman writes of a desperate assault on the fortress of Agra, then held by one King Jaipal, by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni.[1] It was ruled by Sultan Sikandar Lodi in the year 1506. It achieved fame as the capital of the Mughal emperors from 1526 to 1658 and remains a major tourist destination because of its many splendid Mughal-era buildings, most notably the Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri, all three of which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Image File history File links Agra. ... Hindi (हिन्दी) is a language spoken mainly in North and Central India. ... Urdu ( , , trans. ... Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... India is a federal republic comprising twenty-eight states and seven union territories. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... This article is about the geographer, mathematician and astronomer Ptolemy. ... Sikandar Lodi (born Nizam Khan, died November 21, 1517) was the second ruler of the Lodi Dynasty. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... For other uses, see Taj Mahal (disambiguation). ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... View across Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri (Hindi: ) was the political capital of Indias Mughal Empire under Akbars reign, from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water. ... Org type Specialized Agency Acronyms UNESCO Head Director General of UNESCO Koïchiro Matsuura Japan Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...

Contents

Geography

Agra is situated on the banks of Yamuna river. It has an average elevation of 171 metres (561 ft). On the north it is bounded by Mathura, on the south by Dhaulpur, on the east by Firozabad, on the south-east by Fatehabad and on the west by Bharatpur. Agra is the third biggest city in Uttar Pradesh. The Agra district is divided into Six Tehsils and 15 Blocks. Total number of Nayay Panchayats in the district are 114 while Gram Sabhas stands at 636. The total populated villages are 904. The total number of police stations in the district are 41 out of which 16 are in Urban area and 25 are in Rural area. The total number of Railway Stations (including Halts) are 29 and Bus Stands/Bus Stops are 144. Total number of Broad Gauge lines is 196 K.M. and Meter Gauge is 35 K.M.. The river Yamuna is a major river of northern India, with a total length of around 1370 km. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... , Fatehabad (Hindi: ) is a city in Agra district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ...


Climate

Climate chart for Agra
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
10
 
22
6
 
 
10
 
25
7
 
 
0
 
31
12
 
 
0
 
38
19
 
 
0
 
41
25
 
 
60
 
40
28
 
 
210
 
35
26
 
 
200
 
33
25
 
 
110
 
33
23
 
 
10
 
34
16
 
 
0
 
29
9
 
 
0
 
24
6
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: Weatherbase

Agra, located on the Indo-Gangetic plain has a sub-tropical climate, with long, hot summers from April to September. The monsoon months from July to September see about 67 cm of rainfall annually. Winters last from November to February, with day time temperatures averaging about 24 degrees, while night temperatures around 6 degrees. Temperatures below freezing are not uncommon during the winter. The best months to visit Agra are March, October and November.


Demographics

As of the 2000 Indian census,[2] Agra had a population of 1,800,000. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Agra has an average literacy rate of 65%, higher than the national average of 63.5%; with 76% males literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. This article is in need of attention. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


History

Agra is a medieval city situated on the banks of the river Yamuna. It is generally accepted that Sultan Sikandar Lodi, the Ruler of Delhi Sultanate founded it in the year 1504. After the sultan's death the city passed on to his son Sultan Ibrahim Lodi. He ruled his Sultanate from Agra until he fell fighting to Babur in the First battle of Panipat fought in 1526. Not to be confused with the nearby Jamuna River a tributary of the Meghna River, which is sometimes confused both in older historical literature, and by translations of the local dialects. ... Sikandar Lodi (born Nizam Khan, died November 21, 1517) was the second ruler of the Lodi Dynasty. ... The Delhi Sultanate (دلی سلطنت), or Sulthanath-e-Hind (سلطنتِ ہند) / Sulthanath-e-Dilli (سلطنتِ دلی) refers to the various Muslim dynasties that ruled in India from 1210 to 1526. ... Ibrahim Lodi (died April 21, 1526) was the last ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. ... Zāhir ud-Dīn Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... The first battle of Panipat took place in northern India, and marked the beginning of the Mughal Empire. ...


In the year 1556, the great Hindu warrior, Hemu Vikramaditya also known as Hem Chander Vikramaditya won Agra as Prime Minister cum Chief of Army of Adil Shah of Afgan Sur Dynasty. The commander of Humayun / Akbar's forces in Agra was so scared of Hemu that he ran away from Agra without the fight. This was Hemu's 21st continuous win, who later on won Delhi also and had his coronation at Purana Qila in Delhi and re-established his Kingdom and the Vikramaditya Dynasty in North India. Hemuchandra or Hemu was an Indian military leader. ... Adil Shah Afshar (? - 1748) was Shah of Persia from 1747 until 1748. ... The Sur dynasty was an Afghan family, founded by Sher Shah after his defeat of Humayun in 1539, ruled in the north of India between 1540 and 1556. ... Nasiruddin Humayun (March 6, 1508 – February 22, 1556), second Mughal Emperor, ruled in India from 1530–1540 and 1555–1556. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Hemuchandra or Hemu was an Indian military leader. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... A asses is a ceremony marking the investment of a monarch with regal power through, amongst other symbolic acts, the placement of a crown upon his or her head. ... The period of prominence of the Gupta dynasty is very often referred to as the Golden Age of India. ... Dark green region marks the approximate extent of northern India while the regions marked as light green lies within the sphere of north Indian influence. ...


The golden age of the city began with the Mughals. It was known then as Akbarabad and remained the capital of the Mughal Empire under Emperor Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. Shah Jahan later shifted his capital to Shahjahanabad in the year 1649. The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... n ... Shabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan. ... Shabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan. ... Shahjahanabad was a city on the present site of Delhi, India, established by Shah Jahan from 1638 to 1649, containing the Lal Qila and the Chandni Chowk. ...

Taj Mahal.

Since Akbarabad was one of the most important cities in India under the Mughals, it witnessed a lot of building activity. Babar, the founder of the Mughal dynasty laid out the first formal Persian garden on the banks of river Yamuna. The garden is called the Aram Bagh or the Garden of Relaxation. His grandson Akbar raised the towering ramparts of the Great Red Fort besides making Agra, a center for learning arts, commerce and religion. Akbar also built a new city on the outskirts of Akbarabad called Fatehpur Sikri. This city was built in the form of a Mughal military camp in stone. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2040x1681, 2396 KB) Description: Taj Mahal Source: Dhirad, picture edited by J. A. Knudsen Uploaded to en: on March 1, 2005, 14:30, by Deep750 who added the following comment On April 9, 2005, 19:22 Nichalp added that heemailed Deep750... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2040x1681, 2396 KB) Description: Taj Mahal Source: Dhirad, picture edited by J. A. Knudsen Uploaded to en: on March 1, 2005, 14:30, by Deep750 who added the following comment On April 9, 2005, 19:22 Nichalp added that heemailed Deep750... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Babar can refer to: Babar the Elephant The BaBar Experiment at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Babur (also spelled Baber or Babar), 16th-century ruler of India and founder of the Mogul Empire Babar Island, an island of Indonesia Safir A Babar, This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... View across Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri (Hindi: ) was the political capital of Indias Mughal Empire under Akbars reign, from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water. ...


His son Jahangir had a love of gardens and flora and fauna and laid many gardens inside the Red Fort or Laal Kila. Shah Jahan known for his keen interest in architecture gave Akbarabad its most prized monument, The Taj Mahal. Built in loving memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal, the mausoleum was completed in 1653. n ... Shabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan. ... For other uses, see Taj Mahal (disambiguation). ... Artistic depiction of Mumtaz Mahal Mumtāz Mahal (Persian: ممتاز محل, meaning beloved ornament of the palace; pronunciation //) is the common nickname of Arjumand Banu Begum, who was born in April of 1593 in Agra, India. ...


Shah Jahan later shifted the capital to Delhi during his reign, but this son Aurangzeb shifted the capital back to Akbarabad and had his father imprisoned in the Fort there. Akbarabad remained capital of India during the rule of Aurangzeb until he shifted it to Aurangabad in the Deccan in 1653. After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the city came under the influence of Marathas and Jats and was called Agra, before falling into the hands of the British Raj in 1803. Shabuddin Mohammed Shah Jahan (also spelled Shah Jehan, Shahjehan. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title: Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from... Aurangzeb (Persian: (full title: Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram Abdul Muzaffar Muhiuddin Muhammad Aurangzeb Bahadur Alamgir I, Padshah Ghazi) (November 3, 1618 – March 3, 1707), also known by his chosen Imperial title Alamgir I (Conqueror of the Universe) (Persian: ), was the ruler of the Mughal Empire from... , For other uses, see Aurangabad. ... The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... Extent of the Maratha Confederacy ca. ... Jats are now preeminently a farming community. ... Anthem God Save The King-Emperor The British Indian Empire, 1909 Capital Calcutta (1858 - 1912) New Delhi (1912 - 1947) Language(s) Hindustani, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1858-1901 Victoria¹  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George VI Viceroy...

Agra, Main Street, c.1858

In 1835 when the Presidency of Agra was established by the British, the city became the seat of government. During the Indian rebellion of 1857 British rule across India was threatened, news of the rebellion had reached Agra on 11 May and on the 30th of May two companies of native infantry, the 44th and 67th regiments, rebelled and marched to Delhi. The next morning native Indian troops in Agra were forced to disarm, on 15 June Gwalior (which lies south of Agra) rebelled. By 3 July the British were forced to withdraw into the fort. Two days later a small British force at Sucheta were defeated and force to withdraw, this lead to a mob sacking the city. However the rebels moved onto Delhi which allowed the British to restore order by the 8th of July. Delhi fell to the British in September, the following month rebels who had fled Delhi along with rebels from Central India marched on Agra - but were defeated. After this British rule was again secured over the city until the independence of India in 1947.[3] Belligerents Rebellious East India Company Sepoys, 7 Indian princely states, deposed rulers of the independent states of Oudh, Jhansi Some Indian civilians. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... , Gwalior   is a city in Madhya Pradesh in India. ... is the 184th day of the year (185th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Places of Interest

Taj Mahal from Agra fort

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 445 KB) Picture by Harmeet S. Chawla I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 445 KB) Picture by Harmeet S. Chawla I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Taj Mahal

Agra's Taj Mahal is one of the most famous buildings in the world, the mausoleum of Shah Jahan's favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is one of the New 7 Wonders of the world, and one of three World Heritage Sites in Agra, the others being Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. For other uses, see Taj Mahal (disambiguation). ... Artistic depiction of Mumtaz Mahal Mumtāz Mahal (Persian: ممتاز محل, meaning beloved ornament of the palace; pronunciation //) is the common nickname of Arjumand Banu Begum, who was born in April of 1593 in Agra, India. ... Location of the New Seven Wonders winners. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


Completed in 1653 CE., the Taj Mahal is believed to have been built by the Mughal Badshah (king) Shah Jahan as the final resting place for his beloved wife, Mumtaz. Finished in marble, it is perhaps India's most fascinating and beautiful monument. This perfectly symmetrical monument took 22 years (1630-1652) of hard labour and 20,000 workers, masons and jewellers to build and is set amidst landscaped gardens. Built by the Persian architect, Ustad Isa, the Taj Mahal is on the bank of the Yamuna River. It can be observed like a mirage from the Agra Fort from where Emperor Shah Jahan stared at it, for the last eight years his life as a prisoner of his son Aurangzeb. It is a masterpiece of symmetry, seeming to be floating in the air from a distance, and each revealed as an illusion experienced as one enters through the main gate. Verses of the Holy Koran are inscribed on it and at the top of gate 22 small domes, signifying the number of years the monument took to build. The Taj Mahal was built on a marble platform that stands above a sandstone one. The most elegant dome of the Taj, with a diameter of 60 feet (18 m), rises 80 feet (24 m) over the building and directly under the dome is the tomb of Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan's tomb was erected next to hers by his son Aurangzeb. Fantastic inlay works using semi-precious stones decorate the interiors. The Quran (Arabic al-qurʾān أَلْقُرآن; also transliterated as Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ...


Opening Times: 6 A.M. to 7.30 P.M. (closed Fridays)


Agra Fort

Amar Singh Gate,
one of two entrances into Agra's Red Fort

Another world heritage site in Agra. Agra's dominant structure, the Agra Fort (sometimes called the Red Fort), was built by Akbar in 1565. Be Noted that a Stone Plate located at the Gate of Fort describes it to be built before 1000 and later renovated by Akbar. The red sandstone fort was renovated and converted into a palace during Shah Jahan's time, and reworked extensively with marble and pietra dura inlay. Notable buildings in the fort include the Pearl Mosque, the Diwan-e-Am and Diwan-e-Khas (halls of public and private audience), Jehangir's Palace, Khaas Mahal, Sheesh Mahal (mirrored palace), and Musamman Burj. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1365, 227 KB)Front Entrance to the Agra Fort File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x1365, 227 KB)Front Entrance to the Agra Fort File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... -1... Pietra dura (Italian for hard stone) is marble inlaid with designs in precious or semi-precious stonework. ... The Pearl Mosque is a name given to certain structures in more than one country. ...


The great Mughal Emperor Akbar commissioned the construction of the Agra Fort in 1565 CE., although additions were made till the time of his grandson Shah Jahan. The forbidding exteriors of this fort hide an inner paradise. The fort is crescent shaped, flattened on the east with a long, nearly straight wall facing the river. It has a total perimeter of 2.4 k.m., and is ringed by double castellated ramparts of red sandstone punctuated at regular intervals by bastions. A 9 mt. wide and 10 mt. deep moat surround the outer wall.


Shivaji visited Agra fort as per the "Purandar Treaty" entered into with Mirza Raja Jaisingh to met Aurangzeb in the Diwan-i-khas. In the audience he was deliberately placed behind men of lower rank. Insulted Shivaji stormed out of the imperial audience and was confined to Jai Sing's quarters on 12th May 1666. Fearing the dungeons and execution, in a famously sweet legend, he escaped on the 17th of August 1666. A heroic equestrian statue of Shivaji has been erected outside the fort.


The fort standing as a typical example of the Mughal architecture.It shows how the North Indian style of fort construction differentiated from that of the South.In South majority of the beautiful forts were built on the sea beds like the one at Bekal in Kerala [for more details refer 'History of Bekal Fort' by Nandakumar Koroth]


Fatehpur Sikri

Main article: Fatehpur Sikri
Diwan-i-Khas – Hall of Private Audience

The Mughal Emperor Akbar built Fatehpur Sikri about 35 km from Agra, and moved his capital there. Later abandoned, the site displays a number of buildings of significant historical importance. A World Heritage Site, it is often visited by tourists to Agra. The name of the place came after Mughal Emperor Babur defeated Rana Sanga in a battle at a place called Sikri (about 40 km from Agra). Then Mughal Emperor Akbar wanted to make Fatehpur Sikri his head quarters. So he built this majestic fort. But due to shortage of water he had to ultimately move his headquarters to Agra Fort. View across Fatehpur Sikri Fatehpur Sikri (Hindi: ) was the political capital of Indias Mughal Empire under Akbars reign, from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned, ostensibly due to lack of water. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Audienzhalle_. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Audienzhalle_. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Elabana Falls is in Lamington National Park, part of the Central Eastern Rainforest Reserves World Heritage site in Queensland, Australia. ...


Buland Darwaza or the loft gateway was built by the great Mughal emperor, Akbar in 1601 CE. at Fatehpur Sikri. Akbar built the Buland Darwaza to commemorate his victory over Gujarat. The Buland Darwaza is approached by 42 steps. The Buland Darwaza is 53.63 m high and 35 meters wide. Buland Darwaza is the highest gateway in the world and an astounding example of the Mughal architecture. The Buland Darwaza or the magnificence gateway is made of red and buff sandstone, decorated by carving and inlaying of white and black marble. An inscription on the central face of the Buland Darwaza throws light on Akbar's religious broad mindedness, here is an inscription one on the monument which is a message from Jesus advising his followers not to consider this world as their permanent home. idiots unlimited This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb

The 'Itmad-Ul-Daulah at Agra'

Empress Nur Jehan built Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb, sometimes called the Baby Taj, for her father, Ghias-ud-Din Beg, the Chief Minister of Emperor Jahangir. Located on the left bank of the Yamuna river, the mausoleum is set in a large cruciform garden criss-crossed by water courses and walkways. The mausoleum itself is set on a base about 50 meters square and about 1 meter high. The mausoleum is about 23 meters square. On each corner are hexagonal towers, about 13 meters tall. Small in comparison to many other Mughal-era tombs, it is sometimes described as a jewel box. Its garden layout and use of white marble, pietra dura, inlay designs and latticework presage many elements of the Taj Mahal. Mughal empress Nur Jehan. ... Itmad-Ud-Daulahs Tomb is a Mughal mausoleum in the city of Agra in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Mashrabiya screen on display in the British Museum Latticework is an ornamental framework consisting of a criss-crossed pattern of strips of building material, usually wood or metal but can be of any material. ...


The walls are white marble from Rajasthan encrusted with semi-precious stone decorations - cornelian, jasper, lapis lazuli, onyx, and topaz in images of cypress trees and wine bottles, or more elaborate decorations like cut fruit or vases containing bouquets. Light to the interior passes through delicate jali screens of intricately carved white marble.


Many of Nur Jahan's relatives are interred in the mausoleum. The only asymmetrical element of the entire complex is that the cenotaphs of her father and mother have been set side-by-side, a formation replicated in the Taj Mahal


MankaMeswar Temple

MankaMeswar Temple is one of the four ancient temples dedicated to Lord Shiva that are located on the four corners of Agra City. It is located in the near the Jama Masjid and is about 2.5 kilometers from Taj Mahal and about less than 1 km from Agra Fort. Being located in the old city, the temple is surrounded by Mughal-era markets, some of which date back to the early days of Mughal rule in India. For other uses, see Shiva (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Taj Mahal (disambiguation). ... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


Jama Masjid

The Jama Masjid is a large mosque attributed to Shah Jahan's daughter, Princess Jahanara Begum, built in 1648, notable for its unusual dome and absence of minarets. Shahzadi (Imperial Princess) Jahanara Begum (April 2, 1614–September 16, 1681) was the eldest daughter of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal. ...


Chini Ka Rauza

Notable for its Persian influenced dome of blue glazed tiles, the Chini Ka Rauza is dedicated to the Prime Minister of Shah Jahan, Allama Afzel Khal Mullah Shukrullah of Shiraz. The Baháí House of Worship by Fariborz Sahba, also known as the Lotus Temple. ...


Aram Bagh

The oldest Mughal garden in India, the Aram Bagh was built by the Emperor Babur in 1528 on Yamuna's bank. It lies about 2.34 km north of Taj Mahal. The pavilions in this garden are designed in such a manner that the wind from the Yamuna, combined with the greenery, keeps these pavilions cool even during the peak of summer. Aram Bagh is also incorrectly called Ram Bagh by the locals. // Mughal garden The term Mughal gardens is used to describe the gardens made in India during the period of the Mughal Empire. ... Zāhir ud-Dīn Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ...


Swami Bagh Samadhi

The Swami Bagh Samadhi is the mausoleum of Huzur Swamiji Maharaj (Shri Shiv Dayal Singh Seth) in the Swami Bagh section, on Bhagwan Talkies to Dayal bagh road, in the outskirts of the city. He was the founder of the Radhaswami Faith and the Samadhi is sacred to its followers. Construction began in 1908 and still continues. It is believed that the construction will never end at Swami Bagh. It is often seen as the "next Taj Mahal". The carvings in stone, using a combination or coloured marble, is life-like and not seen anywhere else in India. The picture shown is taken from the backside and shows only two floors. When completed, the samadhi will have a carved dome and a gateway. Shiv Dayal Singh, founder of Radhasoami Satsang in 1861 Soamiji Maharaj Shiv Dayal Singh (1818–1878) (also known as Siva Dayal Sahib), the first Satguru of Radhasoami, was born August 25, 1818, into a khatri family, residing in Panni Gali, Agra, India. ...


Sikandra (Akbar's tomb)

Tomb of Akbar the Great

Sikandra, the last resting place of the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great,is on Delhi-Agra Highway, is only 13 kilometres from the Agra Fort. Akbar's tomb reflects the completeness of his personality. The vast, beautifully carved, red-ochre sandstone tomb with deers, rabbits and langoor monkeys is set amidst a lush garden. Akbar himself planned his own tomb and selected a suitable site for it. To construct a tomb in one's lifetime was a Tartary custom which the Mughals followed religiously. Akbar's son Jahangir completed the construction of this pyramidal tomb in 1613. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 498 pixelsFull resolution (3322 × 2068 pixel, file size: 554 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Akbars Tomb: approach from south I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 498 pixelsFull resolution (3322 × 2068 pixel, file size: 554 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Akbars Tomb: approach from south I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The approach to the tomb View towards the south gate Inlay panels on the South Gate Inlay detail The Tomb of Akbar the Great is an important architectural masterpiece set in 48 Ha (119 acres) of grounds near Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Mughal Empire at its greatest extent in 1700 Capital Lahore, Delhi, Agra , Kabul, Lucknow and Bhopal Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai; later also Urdu) Government Absolute Monarchy , Unitary Government with a federal structure Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605... Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar ( Jalāl ud-DÄ«n Muhammad Akbar), also known as Akbar the Great (Akbar-e-Azam) (full title: Al-Sultan al-Azam wal Khaqan al-Mukarram, Imam-i-Adil, Sultan ul-Islam Kaffatt ul-Anam, Amir ul-Muminin, Khalifat ul-Mutaali Abul-Fath Jalal... This article includes a list of works cited but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... The approach to the tomb View towards the south gate Inlay panels on the South Gate Inlay detail The Tomb of Akbar the Great is an important architectural masterpiece set in 48 Ha (119 acres) of grounds near Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Tatary or Great Tatary (Latin: Tataria or Tataria Magna) was a name used by Europeans from the Middle Ages until the twentieth century to designate a great tract of northern and central Asia stretching from the Caspian Sea and the Ural Mountains to the Pacific Ocean inhabited by Turkic and... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... n ...


Mariam's Tomb

Mariams Tomb, enroute to Sikandra, is the last resting place of Akbar's Christian wife.


Mehtab Bagh

Mehtab Bagh, is on the opposite bank of River Yamuna on which the Taj is present.


Keetham Lake

Also known as Sur Sarovar, the Keetham Lake is situated at about 23 kilometres from Agra within the Surdas Reserved Forest. The lake has an impressive variety of aquatic life and water birds. The tranquil surroundings present an ideal relaxing place.

Education

Agra has always been a centre for education and learning. It was during the advent of Mughal era that Agra grew as a centre of Islamic education. In the coming decades Agra saw great literary figures come from the city. Abul Fazl and others were among the pioneers. The Urdu literature grew by leaps and bounds in the city. Mir Taqi "Mir" and Mirza Asadullah Beg "Ghalib" were the icons produced by the city. Britishers introduced the western concept of education in Agra. In the year 1823, Agra College, one of the oldest colleges in India was formed out of a Sanskrit school established by the Scindia rulers. Agra University was established in the year 1927 and catered to colleges spread across the United Provinces, the Rajputana, the Central Provinces and almost to entire North India. In the British era, Agra became a great center of hindi literature with people like Babu GulabRai at the helm. Agra University and St. Johns College in particular produced eminent people in various disciplines. The historic Agra University was later rechristened as Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar University by the then Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Ms. Mayawati. Britishers also introduced English medium schools to the city known as convent schools as they were attached to a church. St. Peter's College, built in 1846, is in fact one of the oldest of its kind in the country. Medical education was also high with the establishment of Agra Medical School which was rechristened as S.N.Medical College.


Further reading

  • A Handbook to Agra and the Taj, Sikandra, Fatehpur-Sikri, and the Neighbourhood-by E. B. Havell, 1904.

References

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Agra
  1. ^ District Profile - Government Website
  2. ^ Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns. (Provisional). Census Commission of India. Retrieved on 2007-09-03.
  3. ^ Agra City - Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 5, p. 83-84.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 246th day of the year (247th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official Website of Agra maintained by NIC
  • 27°11′24″N 78°00′36″E / 27.190000, 78.010000
  • Agra travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Agra tourism news
  • Agra photo album
  • Agranews.com


Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

India is subdivided into 28 states, 6 union territories and a national capital territory. ... , Uttar Pradesh (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA:  , translation: Northern Province), [often referred to as U.P.], located in central-south Asia and northern India, is the most populous and fifth largest state in the Republic of India. ... The history of Uttar Pradesh, an Indian State, can be divided into five periods: (1) the prehistory & Early Vedic Period(up to c. ... Uttar Pradesh, one of the states of India, is divided into following administrative geographical divisions, each consisting of more than one district: Agra Division Allahabad Division Azamgarh Division Bareilly Division Basti Division Chitrakoot Division Devipatan Division Faizabad Division Gorakhpur Division Jhansi Division Kanpur Division Lucknow Division Mirzapur Division Moradabad Division... Agra division is an administrative unit of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Allahabad Division consists of Allahabad District Kaushambi District Fatehpur District Pratapgarh District Categories: India geography stubs | Uttar Pradesh ... Azamgarh division is an administrative unit of Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Bareilly division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Basti division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... The Chitrakoot division consists of Banda District Chitrakoot District Hamirpur District Mahoba District Category: ... Devipatan division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Faizabad division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Gorakhpur division division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Jhansi Division is one of 17 divisions of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Kanpur division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Lucknow divsion is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Mirzapur division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Moradabad division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Saharanppur division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Varanasi division is an administrative geographical unit of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Uttar Pradesh state is made up of 70 districts, which are grouped into 17 divisions. ... Agra District is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and the historical city of Agra is the district headquarters. ... Aligarh District (Hindi अलीगढ़ जिला) is a district in the northern Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Allahabad district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Allahabad town is the district headquarters. ... Ambedkar Nagar District (also Ambedkarnagar) is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Auraiya district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Auraiya town is the district headquarters. ... Azamgarh district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India. ... Badaun district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Badaun town is the district headquarters. ... Baghpat district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Bagpat town is the district headquarters. ... Bahraich District is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Bahraich town is the district headquarters. ... Ballia district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India. ... Balrampur districta town situated on the bank of river Rapti, is the district headquarters of Balarampur District of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Balrampur town is the district headquarters. ... Banda District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Banda is the district headquarters. ... Barabanki district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Bareilly district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Bareilly town is the district headquarters. ... Basti district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state, India. ... Bijnor (Hindi: िबजनौर, Urdu: بجنور) is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Bulandshahar District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Chandauli District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Chandauli town is the district headquarters. ... Chitrakoot district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Chitrakoot town is the district headquarters. ... Devaria district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Devaria town is the district headquarters. ... Etah district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Etah town is the district headquarters. ... Etawah district is a district in the southwestern portion of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Faizabad district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Faizabad town is the district headquarters. ... Farrukhabad District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Fatehpur district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh Located in the banks of the sacred rivers Ganga and Jamuna, Fatehpur was mentioned in the puranic literature. ... Firozabad district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Firozabad town is the district headquarters. ... Gautam Buddha Nagar District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Ghaziabad District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Ghazipur District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Gonda District is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. ... Gorakhpur District is a District of Uttar Pradesh state in India. ... Hamirpur district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Hardoi is a district of Uttar Pradesh, India, and Hardoi town is the district headquarters. ... Map of Jalaun Jalaun District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Jaunpur district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, with Jaunpur town as the district headquarters. ... Jhansi District is one a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Jyotiba Phule Nagar District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Kannauj District is an administrative district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Kanpur Dehat District, also called Akbarpur District, is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Kanpur district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Kanpur town is the district headquarters. ... , Kasganj is a city and a municipal board in Etah district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... Kaushambi district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Kushinagar District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Lakhimpur Kheri (Hindi: लखीमपुर खीरी, Urdu: لحیم پور خیری) is a district of Uttar Pradesh in the Lucknow division. ... Lalitpur District is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... Lucknow District is a district of Uttar Pradesh state in northern India. ... Mahamaya Nagar District, also known as Hathras District, is a district of Uttar Pradesh state of India. ... 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Varanasi district is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, with Varanasi town as the district headquarters. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north India and the most populous within the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... As per the 2001 census there are 36 cities or urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1 million or more. ... , Ahmedabad (Gujarati: , Hindi: अहमदाबाद ) is the largest city in the state of Gujarat and the seventh-largest urban agglomeration in India, with a population of 56 lakhs (5. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... , Amritsar (Punjabi: , Hindi: ), meaning: The Ocean of the Nectar of Immortality,[1] is the administrative headquarter of the Amritsar District in Punjab, India. ... , Asansol (Bengali: ), a coal-mining-industrial centre, is the second largest city [1] in West Bengal, after Kolkata. ... , For other uses, see Aurangabad. ... For other uses, see Bangalore (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bhopal (disambiguation). ... Madras redirects here. ... , Coimbatore (Tamil: ), also known as Kovai (Tamil: ), is a major industrial city in India and the second largest city in the state of Tamil Nadu. ... For other uses, see Delhi (disambiguation). ... , Faridabad,   (Hindi: फरीदाबाद) is a city and a municipal corporation in Faridabad district in the state of Haryana, India. ... , Ghaziabad   (Hindi: गाज़ियाबाद, Urdu: غازی آباد) is an industrial city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... This article is about a city in India. ... , For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... , Indore (Hindi:इन्दौर ,Marathi:इंदूर)  , a large city in the Malwa region of Central India is the commercial capital of the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. ... , Jabalpur (Hindi: जबलपुर) is a city in the state of Madhya Pradesh in India. ... , Jaipur   (Hindi: जयपुर), also popularly known as the pink city, is the capital of Rajasthan state, India. ... , Jamshedpur   (जमशेदपुर in Devanagari) is a city located in the state of Jharkand in India, founded by the late Jamshedji Nusserwanji Tata. ... , Kanpur   (Hindi: कानपुर, Urdu: کان پور, spelled as Cawnpore before 1948) is one of the most populous cities in the north India and the most populous within the state of Uttar Pradesh. ... The urban agglomeration (UA) of Kochi (pronunciation?·i; Malayalam: കൊച്ചി [Kocci]); formerly known as Cochin) is the largest UA in the Indian state of Kerala. ... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... , Kakinada   is a city and a municipal corporation in East Godavari district in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , Lucknow ( , Hindi: लखनऊ, Urdu: لکھنؤ, ) is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh, the most populous state of India. ... For the district of the same name, see Ludhiana District. ... , Madurai   (Tamil: , IPA: ) is a city and a municipal corporation with a city population of 922,913 according to 2001 census. ... , Meerut (Hindi: मेरठ, Urdu: میرٹھ) IPA:   is a city and a municipal corporation in Meerut district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , For other uses, see Mysore (disambiguation). ... , Bombay redirects here. ... , Nāgpur   (Marathi: नागपुर) Third largest city in the western Indian state of Maharashtra after Mumbai and Pune with a population of 2. ... , Nashik (Marathi: ) ( ) or Nasik (Marathi: ) is a city in Indias Maharashtra state. ... , Navi Mumbai (Marathi: नवी मुंबई, IAST: ), formerly known as New Bombay, is a twin city of Mumbai, India. ... For other uses, see Patna (disambiguation). ... For the sport which developed into badminton, see Poona (sport). ... , Rajkot   (2005 pop. ... Get the information of Kakinada at http://www. ... For other uses, see Surat (disambiguation). ... , For the Anglo-Saxon royal retainer, see Thegn. ... , Vadodara (Gujarati: વડોદરા,Marathi:बडोदा)  ), also known as Baroda, is the third most-populated town in the Indian state of Gujarat after Ahmedabad and Surat. ... , Varanasi (Sanskrit: वाराणसी VārāṇasÄ«, IPA:  ), also known as Benares (Hindi: , Urdu: , IPA: ), or Kashi (Hindi: ), is a famous Hindu holy city situated on the banks of the river Ganges (Ganga) in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. ... , Vijayawada ( ) (విజయవాడ) literally translates to The Place of Victory. It is also known as Bezawada. ... , Visakhapatnam  (telugu - విశాఖపట్నం) (also Viśākhapattanamu, shortened and anglicized: Vizag or Vizagapatnam) is a port city in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. ... , For the district of the same name, see Warangal district. ...

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CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Agra (0 words)
Archdiocese of Agra is an outcome of the
Agra and Oudh, the Central India Agency, the Punjab, the North-West Frontier Province, Kashmir, and portions of Bengal and the Central Provinces.
Archdiocese of Agra has a Catholic population of 9,442; regular priests, 38; secular priests, 16; sisters, 228; brothers, 11; parochial schools for boys, 11; for girls, 5;
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The marble stature memorial has got embellishments of beautiful marble inlay work known as "Pietra Dura" that is a very integral part of Agra's art culture and traditions.
Rail: Agra is connected by rail with major cities, like Ahmedabad, Allahabad, Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi, Jaipur, Madras, Secunderabad and Trivandrum.
Road: Agra is connected by good motorable roads to Delhi- 204 km, Jaipur-237 km, Khajuraho- 395 kms, Mathura- 54 kms, Gwalior- 110 kms, Lucknow- 257 kms, Bharatpur 54 kms etc.
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