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Encyclopedia > Agni Yoga
Agni Yoga
Religious origins: Vedas, Hinduism
Regional origins: Himalayas (Russia), New York City, USA
Founding Guru: Nicholas Roerich and Helena Roerich
Mainstream popularity: Growing from the early 20th century
Practice emphases: Conscious striving in one's daily life
Derivative forms:
Related schools
Temple of the People
Other topics
Shambhala

Agni Yoga, also called the "Teaching of Living Ethics" or (in Russian) the Живая этика (Zhivaya etika), is an esoteric teaching founded by the Russian painter Nicholas Roerich (Nikolai Konstantinovitch Rerikh) and his highly adept empathic wife, Helena Roerich (Elena Ivanovna Rerikh). Inspired by the Vedic traditions, as well as by Buddhism and writings of H.P. Blavatsky and Theosophy, the Roerichs published the "Agni Yoga" series of books, with contents inspired by the Mahatmas, or Masters of the Great White Brotherhood from their stronghold in the Himalayas, Shambhala. In the early 1920s, the Roerichs attracted a following in New York City, where they built an art museum; in India, where they retired; and in Russia, where their teachings have remained an influential part of the spiritual life. Veda redirects here. ... Hinduism is a religious tradition[1] that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ... New York, New York redirects here. ... For other uses, see Guru (disambiguation). ... Guests from Overseas, 1899 (Varangians in Russia) Longships Are Built in the Land of the Slavs (1903) Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 - December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Russian: Николай Константинович Рёрих), was a Russian painter and spiritual teacher. ... Helena Roerich (1879-1954) was born in Russia on February 12, 1879. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Halcyon, California is an unincorporated community of approximately 125 acres (0. ... Kalachakra [1] thangka from Sera Monastery (private collection). ... Guests from Overseas, 1899 (Varangians in Russia) Longships Are Built in the Land of the Slavs (1903) Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 - December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Russian: Николай Константинович Рёрих), was a Russian painter and spiritual teacher. ... Helena Roerich (1879-1954) was born in Russia on February 12, 1879. ... Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Hahn (also Hélène) (July 31, 1831 (O.S.) (August 12, 1831 (N.S.)) - May 8, 1891 London, England), better known as Helena Blavatsky or Madame Blavatsky was the founder of Theosophy. ... Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... Mahatma is Sanskrit for Great Soul (महात्मा mahātmā: महा mahā (great) + आत्मं or आत्मन ātman (soul)). This epithet is applied to people like Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, though sources vary on who first gave him this name. ... // Esoteric Christianity In the teaching of the Master Beinsa Douno (Peter Deunov), the Universal White Brotherhood is the equivalent of the Angelic hierarchy in traditional Christianity: Seraphims - Brothers of Love; Cherubims - Brothers of Harmony; Thrones - Brothers of Will; Dominions - Brothers of intelligence and joy; Virtues - Brothers of movement and growth... Kalachakra [1] thangka from Sera Monastery (private collection). ...


Agni means "fire" in Sanskrit, and is the name of a Vedic deity. As used by the Roerichs, it refers to a spiritual fire within the heart, or psychic energy, which is seen as the main force on which all of life is based, and may and should be refined and cultivated. The "Yoga" highlighted meanwhile refers not to the familiar physical exercises of Hatha Yoga, or even to any of the philosophical schools like Bhakti Yoga or Raja Yoga, but to a more conscious striving after the will of the Masters, through ideally following the principles of the teaching in one's everyday life as work and service. Chinese (Wu Xing) Japanese (Godai) Earth (地) | Water (水) | Fire (火) | Air / Wind (風) | Void / Sky / Heaven (空) Hinduism (Tattva) and Buddhism (Mahābhūta) Vayu / Pavan — Air / Wind Agni / Tejas — Fire Akasha — Aether Prithvi / Bhumi — Earth Ap / Jala — Water Bön New Zealand Agni is a Hindu and Vedic deity. ... For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yoga, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ... Hatha yoga (Sanskrit हठयोग), also known as Hatha Vidya (हठविद्या), is a particular system of Yoga introduced by Yogi Swatmarama, a sage of 15th century India, and compiler of the Hatha Yoga Pradipika. ... Bhakti yoga is the Hindu term for the spiritual practice of fostering of loving devotion to God, called bhakti. ... Raja Yoga (lit. ...


Many adherents of Agni Yoga are more likely encountered at the several Roerich museums (in New York City, Moscow, and Naggar, India) and various Roerich centers, as well as on pilgrimage to Mount Belukha, in Russia's Altay region. Belukha Mountain or Muztau (Russian Белуха, 4506 m), located in the Katun Range, is the highest peak of the Altai Mountains. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ...

Contents

History

Sign of peace; Pax Cultura, (of the Roerich Pact)
Sign of peace; Pax Cultura, (of the Roerich Pact)

The Roerichs were involved in the creation of several institutions, most of them in New York City. These included Cor Ardens ["Flaming Heart"] International Art Society (1921); the Master School (later "Institute") of United Arts (also 1921); the first Roerich Museum (1929), on Riverside Drive and 103rd; Corona Mundi (1921), a sister body supporting East-West artistic dialogue and exhibitions; Alatas (1930?), a publishing imprint; and the current Roerich Museum (1949). New York's Agni Yoga Society is an educational nonprofit chartered in 1946. Image File history File links Pax_Cultura. ... Image File history File links Pax_Cultura. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


Nicholas Roerich probably encountered Theosophy during his work on St. Petersburg's Buddhist temple (he did the second-floor windows), which was completed in 1915. The Roerichs did join the Theosophical Society in London in 1920, but distanced themselves from it as conflict over Annie Besant and Krishnamurti raged. Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and Petrograd (Петрогра́д, 1914–1924), is a city located in Northwestern Russia on the delta of the river Neva at the east end of the Gulf of Finland... Annie Besant Plaque on house in Colby Road, London SE19 where Annie Besant lived in 1874. ... Jiddu Krishnamurti (May 11, 1895 Madanapalle, India - February 17, 1986 Ojai, California) was discovered as a young boy by C.W. Leadbeater in India on the private beach, that was part of the Theosophical headquarters in Adyar in Chennai. ...


By 1920, the Roerichs were personally receiving messages from Master Morya. During that same year Frances Grant, and Sina and Maurice Lichtmann joined their circle, which also included the Roerichs' two sons. Nettie and Louis Horch joined the following year. (Interestingly, the Roerich's inner circle has always been predominantly Jewish.)In each case, the new participants were carefully sounded out for their spiritual views, then given a personal message from Master Morya.


Ruth Drayer describes the revelatory process thus:

"They would sit together and first Nicholas and then later Helena would transmit questions that the students were allowed to ask of Master Morya.... The answers from the Master were written out by Nicholas Roerich on big scrolls of sketching paper." (p. 71)

Some guidance was intended for the Roerichs alone; this was compiled into separate notebooks by Helena Roerich; these notebooks now form part of a special collection at Amherst College. The circumstances by which they left the Roerichs' possession forms a crucial point in the Agni Yoga story.


As the Roerichs returned from their Central Asian expedition (1924-1928), a rift developed among his immediate circle of supporters. In particular the Horches, assisted by Esther Lichtmann (Maurice's sister), apparently came to believe the Roerichs' spiritual claims to be fraudulent. As the major patrons behind the museum (now a 39-story New York skyscraper), the Horches ultimately (in 1937) won legal control of it when it encountered financial difficulties arising from the Great Depression and a tax dispute with the I.R.S.. Along the way its collection of paintings, and the notebooks by Helena, disappeared. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the United States government agency that collects taxes and enforces the tax laws. ...


For several decades thereafter the Roerich Museum, at its new site, continued under the direction of Sina Lichtmann (later Fosdick), the Roerich family (except George, the academic) having spent the remainder of their lives in India. The current director of the New York Roerich Museum is Daniel Entin.


Meanwhile, the political thaw in 1980s Russia allowed the Roerich movement (which had long existed underground) to resurface. With support from Mikhail Gorbachev and Raisa Gorbachev (the latter said to have been a devotee), a Roerich Centre was created, and given a palatial headquarters in Moscow. George (Yuri) Roerich donated paintings to museums in Novosibirsk and St. Petersburg, while Svyetoslav Roerich and wife Devika Rani did the same for the Roerich Centre in Moscow. (A dispute emerged over paintings now in the possession of the Museum of Oriental Art, also in Moscow, which the Roerich Centre claims.)


The description so far may give the impression that Agni Yoga is dominated by a few large institutions. Equally important are the several individual teachers, as well as some centers which have been founded: Torkom Saraydarian, Boris Abramov, "Guru RHH" (Ralph Harris Houston), Joleen Du Bois (founder of Arizona's White Mountain Education Association), and others.


Teachings

The theology described in the Agni Yoga books can be understood as a special variation on Theosophy. After Madame Blavatsky's passing, the Theosophical movement became divided into a number of distinct groups. Each claimed authorization by the hierarchy of hidden masters, and most of them were suspicious of rival claims. Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Hahn (also Hélène) (July 31, 1831 (O.S.) (August 12, 1831 (N.S.)) - May 8, 1891 London, England), better known as Helena Blavatsky or Madame Blavatsky was the founder of Theosophy. ...


Several of these "post-Theosophical" groups restored Christian imagery.[citation needed] Among them were the followers of Rudolf Steiner and Alice Bailey. The Agni Yoga books follow a middle ground--repeatedly invoking Christ but alongside other, more traditional Theosophical masters such as M. (for "Morya"), Solomon, Buddha, Thomas à Kempis, Sergius of Radonezh, and Akbar the Great. Christianity is said to have become corrupted after the time of Origen, though the writings do mention the Philokalia with apparent fondness. Rudolf Steiner. ... Alice Ann Bailey (June 16, 1880 – December 15, 1949), known as Alice A. Bailey or AAB, was born as Alice LaTrobe Bateman, in Manchester, England, but moved to the U.S. in 1907, where she spent most of her life as a writer and teacher. ... El Morya Khan is known in many New Age religions as the Ascended Master of the Blue or 1st Ray. El Morya is well known as the Master M who worked with the Master Koot Hoomi in the late nineteenth century to establish the Theosophical Society and to spread the... This article is about the Biblical figure. ... Siddhartha and Gautama redirect here. ... Thomas à Kempis Monument on Mount Saint Agnes in Zwolle. ... Venerable Sergii Radonezhsky (Сергий Радонежский) (born Varfolomei – Варфоломей, corresponds to Bartholomew), also translated as Sergey Radonezhsky and Sergius of Radonezh (1322 – 1392), was the greatest spiritual leader and monastic reformer of medieval Russia. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Origen Origen (Greek: ÅŒrigénÄ“s, 185–ca. ... The Philokalia (Gk. ...


By the third book a female redemptrix figure called Mother of the World begins to receive emphasis; this is not from Blavatsky, but recalls a similar mother figure in the writings of C.W. Leadbeater. We may also discern in it parallels to Marian devotion within Russia, or for that matter Tara devotion within Tibet (a parallel which the writings specifically acknowledge). C.W. Leadbeater (1847 or 1854-1934), English clergyman and Theosophical author, contributed to world thought mostly through his work as a clairvoyant. ... Our Lady redirects here. ... a. ...


Another post-Blavatskean development was the rise of an apocalyptic trend within the Theosophical world. Blavatsky's successor, Annie Besant, aroused controversy with her (actually Leadbeater's) identification of a young Jiddu Krishnamurti as Maitreya, an eschatological figure originating from Buddhist lore. (Recall that similar apocalyptic trends had been occurring among Christian groups as well.) The writings of Alice Bailey also describe a "New Era" or New Age which is about to begin. Its advent, we are told, will witness terrible destruction through cosmic forces, as well as a glorious new stage in human evolution. Agni Yoga shares these themes. Annie Besant Plaque on house in Colby Road, London SE19 where Annie Besant lived in 1874. ... Jiddu Krishnamurti or J. Krishnamurti, (May 12, 1895–February 17, 1986) was a well-known writer and speaker on fundamental philosophical and spiritual subjects, such as the purpose of meditation, human relationships, and how to enact positive change in global society. ... This article is about the Buddhist bodhisattva Maitreya. ... Alice Ann Bailey (June 16, 1880 – December 15, 1949), known as Alice A. Bailey or AAB, was born as Alice LaTrobe Bateman, in Manchester, England, but moved to the U.S. in 1907, where she spent most of her life as a writer and teacher. ... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ...


Torkom Saraydarian, a prolific writer in the United States from the 1960's until his death in 1997, also used the Agni Yoga writings as the foundation of his work along with the writings of Blavatsky and Alice A Bailey. He wrote three books devoted specifically to the Agni Yoga Teachings.


A third was an emphasis on Shambhala, a legendary Buddhist kingdom associated with the Kalachakra tantra. Blavatsky described it in passing as a headquarters of the Great White Lodge, hidden somewhere within Central Asia (which was then largely unexplored). Alice Bailey's books transform it into a dimension on the etheric plane with but a tenuous connection to any earthly location. Agni Yoga strikes a middle ground--on one hand affirming Shambhala's hidden existence somewhere in Central Asia, secure from trespass by the unworthy; yet on the other hand describing its denizens as hardly constrained by mere physical limitations. Kalachakra [1] thangka from Sera Monastery (private collection). ... Kālacakra (Sanskrit कालचक्र; Tibetan དུས་ཀྱི་འཁོར་ལོ་ dus kyi khor lo) is a term used in Tantric Buddhism that means time-wheel or time-cycles. It refers both to a Tantric deity (Tib. ... The etheric plane or etheric region is one of the planes of existence, or more specifically a subplane or planes, in Theosophy and New Age thought. ...

M. has many towers and sentinels upon the slopes of the Himalaya.
None without guide shall penetrate the snowy barrier...
From Leaves of Morya's Garden, I: The Call: par. 133

A fourth trend was an increased knowledge of non-Western religions based on original sources, including charismatic modern practitioners. Theosophy seemingly whetted an appetite for missionaries of Asian religions ranging from Vedanta (the Roerichs admired Ramakrishna, Vivekananda, and Tagore) to yoga to Buddhism. At the same time, an increasing number of spiritual seekers now found it feasible to travel themselves to remote parts of Asia, as the Roerichs did in their expedition between 1924 and 1928. For other uses, see Vedanta (disambiguation). ... Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (Bangla: রামকৃষ্ণ পরমহংস Ramkrishno Pôromôhongsho), born Gadadhar Chattopadhyay (Bangla: গদাধর চট্টোপাধ্যায় Gôdadhor Chôţţopaddhae) [1], (February 18, 1836–August 16, 1886) was a Hindu religious teacher and an influential figure in the Bengal Renaissance of the Nineteenth century. ... Introduction Swami Vivekananda (Narendranath Dutta) (January 12, 1863 - July 4, 1902) is considered one of the most famous and influential spiritual leaders of the Hindu religion. ... Tagore is the name of a prominent Bengali family of intellectuals, writers and artists. ... For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yoga, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ...


Finally, early 20th century esotericism developed increasing nationalistic as well as internationalistic ones (among these, Communism, Esperanto). The Agni Yoga books are at once patriotically Russian, subversively globalistic (referring for example to an immanent end to nations), and patriotic in favor of a "New Nation" which did not yet exist, and which was identified somehow with Shambhala. Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation between nations for the benefit of all. ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ... This article is about the language. ...


It has been learned that during the 1920s, the Roerichs really did aspire to establish a new country somewhere in Central Asia. Its boundaries were never laid out very precisely, perhaps because the whole enterprise was hopelessly unrealistic; nor was the proposed country's relationship with Russia and other powers spelled out (despite the Roerichs' attempts to negotiate with the Bolsheviks for support). As it happens, the Altaian religion of Burkhanism and the Japanese religion of Oomoto harbored similar desires, but perhaps the most appropriate parallel would be with Mongolia's Baron Ungern von Sternberg. Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... Burkhanism or Ak Jang is a new religious movement that flourished among the indigenous people of Russias Gorno Altai region (okrug) between 1904 and the 1930s. ... Oomoto (大本, literally foundation), also known as Omoto-kyo (大本教) or similar Omoto, is a Japanese religion, often categorized as a new Japanese religion and offshoot of Shinto. ... Roman Fyodorovich Ungern von Sternberg, ca 1919 Baron Roman Fyodorovich Ungern von Sternberg (Russian Роман Фёдорович Унгерн фон Штернберг) (January 22, 1886, new style — September 15, 1921) a. ...


With that in mind, we are perhaps in a better position to appreciate the major themes of the Agni Yoga books, which distinguish them from other Theosophical literature.


Perhaps the most striking difference is the vividness of its imagery. Consider the following representative passage:

He has transformed the treasure of the chalice
And returns it to you afire.
From Leaves of Morya's Garden, I: The Call, par. 21

The image obviously recalls the divine energies present within the eucharist. At the same time, the Agni Yoga writings mention a "Chalice of Buddha" which passed through Central Asia, as another iteration of the Grail theme. Finally, and perhaps most fundamentally, the chalice represents the human heart as it becomes "filled" with spiritual energies. Grail may refer to: Holy Grail Grail (web browser) The grail community of Pinner, England is a group of Catholic women, who have translated the Psalms in a renowned version. ...


In the writings these influences are variously likened to "vibrations" or "subterranean tremors"; "electricity"; "new rays"; "radio waves"; a "magnet"; or a "subtle" world, as opposed to our coarse one. Much discussion is given over to "psychic energy" and its cognates. Sometimes the writings describe them as coming from the "Far-Off Worlds." Whether by this is meant physical or spiritual planets is difficult to know.


In any case, the energies of these worlds are capable of bringing healing and enlightenment, provided that our world can prepare itself for receiving them. Some indication of their potency can be gleaned from the books' hints of the life to come in which money will be abolished (Ibid., book II, sec. V. par. 8), racial differences will fade away (Ibid., book I, par. 269), and an International Government is to take charge.


Examples of militant themes abound in the Agni Yoga books. We are asked to be "warriors," and show "fearlessness" in the struggle. We read of a mystical "Shield"--now the shield of Morya, now of "Orion"--which will protect us as we strive to do the will of hierarchy. Faced with such archetypes it is difficult to know whether to trace them to the Christian Desert Fathers, to Theosophical lore surrounding warring lodges of good and evil; or perhaps to some Central Asian model like the Gesar. The Desert Fathers were Christian Hermits who lived in the Sahara desert of Egypt, beginning in about the third century. ... The Epic of King Gesar is the premier epic poem of Tibet and much of Central Asia. ...


Another repeated theme is that of building a "new temple", a "new country", or a "new world." At times this takes on the forlorn trappings of nation- or institution-building. As the books progress, however, it becomes increasingly clear that they apply to the heart, and that the temple to be built will not be one of physical stone. Again and again readers are urged to teach others, work, maintain group harmony, and practice utmost respect for the beliefs of others (a teaching known in Roerich circles as "by thy God").


Divisions

The question of divisions within Agni Yoga is a sensitive one. First, the writings themselves urge unity and cooperation within the group, and discourage criticism of anyone else's teacher (on the "by thy God" principle). Second, not every division has been based on reasons which elevate and uplift all those who contemplate them. And yet, the issue of whom to recognize as one's guru is a most weighty one, which cannot simply be glossed over with an appeal to the ultimate unity of all religions.


Outside of Russia a number of Roerich groups have arisen, with none of them aspiring to group the others into a quasi-denomination.


One thorny issue that has arisen lies in the tendency of many English-speaking esoteric practitioners to recognize the writings of Madame Blavatsky and Alice Bailey alongside those of Agni Yoga.


A similar issue has been the appearance of others who claim to channel (or otherwise communicate with) entities such as M. A prominent example would be Elizabeth Clare Prophet, who for many years channeled not only El Morya Khan but also Nicholas Roerich who is referred as Master Roerich. She claims her daughter, Tatiana Prophet, is Helena Roerich. Many of her books featured cover art by Nicholas Roerich. Elizabeth Clare Prophet Elizabeth Clare Prophet (born April 8, 1939) is an American who became the leader of the new religious movement The Summit Lighthouse, an organization encompassing the branches of Church Universal and Triumphant, Summit University, Summit University Press, and Montessori International, after her husband, Mark L. Prophet, died... El Morya Khan is known in many New Age religions as the Ascended Master of the Blue or 1st Ray. El Morya is well known as the Master M who worked with the Master Koot Hoomi in the late nineteenth century to establish the Theosophical Society and to spread the... Guests from Overseas, 1899 (Varangians in Russia) Longships Are Built in the Land of the Slavs (1903) Nicholas Roerich, (October 9, 1874 - December 13, 1947) also known as Nikolai Konstantinovich Rerikh (Russian: Николай Константинович Рёрих), was a Russian painter and spiritual teacher. ... Helena Roerich (1879-1954) was born in Russia on February 12, 1879. ...


Pop Culture Reference

In 1940--before Plastic Man, the Elongated Man, Mr. Fantastic, or Elastigirl--Klaus Nordling created the first comic-book superhero with the ability to stretch his body: theThin Man, who appeared in a short story within Mystic Comics # 4. The hero was alpinist Bruce Dixon, who received crime-fighting training at the hands of alien beings from a Shangri-La type of Himalayan refuge called "Kalahia". Among his new abilities was the power to topographically distort his body (by slipping under a door, for example). Plastic Man (Patrick Eel OBrian) is a fictional comic-book superhero originally published by Quality Comics and later acquired by DC Comics. ... The Elongated Man is a fictional comic book superhero in the DC universe. ... Mister Fantastic is a Marvel Comics superhero who is the leader of the Fantastic Four. ... Elastigirl is the superhero codename for two separate heroines: Helen Parr, from the Incredibles. ...


Now "Kalahia" sounds like "Kalagiya," a phrase which the Agni Yoga writings translate as "Come to Shambhala!" (In what language is unclear--it may be intended to be Sanskrit, or perhaps Greek, if it is not Senzar.) As far as anyone knows, no other branch of Theosophy refers to this. It is also likely that in the Russian of the Agni Yoga books, the "g" translated a foreign letter "h" (as often happens in loan words like "gamburger", for example). Senzar is a mysterious Asiatic language mentioned by Theosophical Society founder Madame Blavatsky, but otherwise unknown to Orientalists. ...


Other possible Agni Yoga parallels--which would not hold true for other forms of Theosophy, or pop culture artifacts like Shangri-La--include the Kalahians' use of unknown types of radiation, as well as their habit of exchanging scientific information with beings from distant worlds. Also "Olalla," the name of Dixon's romantic interest, sounds like Ulala (now Gorno-Altaisk), the Altaian capital which the Roerichs visited during 1926. Shangri-La is a fictional place described in the novel, Lost Horizon, written by British writer James Hilton in 1933. ...


Whether Nordling was ever an Agni Yoga follower is not known. However, we know that he edited the Finnish Society newsletter (Nordling was a native Finn) at a time when the society was headquartered within the old Roerich Museum. This at least constitutes strong circumstantial evidence.


See also

Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Hahn (also Hélène) (July 31, 1831 (O.S.) (August 12, 1831 (N.S.)) - May 8, 1891 London, England), better known as Helena Blavatsky or Madame Blavatsky was the founder of Theosophy. ... Benjamin Creme (b. ... Share International is a worldwide network of volunteers who believe the prophesied Master of Wisdom Maitreya has already returned and is currently living in the Asian community in London, specifically in the Bangladeshi Brick Lane area. ...

External links

Theosophy


Category:Theosophy
Founders of the T. S.

Helena Blavatsky
William Quan Judge
Henry Steel Olcott For other uses such as Yoga postures, see Yoga (disambiguation) Statue of Shiva performing Yogic meditation Yoga (Sanskrit: योग Yoga, IPA: ) is a group of ancient spiritual practices originating in India. ... Bhakti yoga is the Hindu term for the spiritual practice of fostering of loving devotion to God, called bhakti. ... Karma yoga (Sanskrit: कर्म योग), (also known as Buddhi Yoga) or the discipline of action is based on the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita, a sacred Sanskrit scripture of Hinduism. ... Jnana yoga is one of the four basic paths in yoga (jnana, [[Bhakti yoga|bhakti, raja and karma. ... Raja Yoga (lit. ... Instructors adjust postures at an Anahata Yoga class Anahata Yoga is a meditative hatha yoga developed by Ana Costa. ... Anusara Yoga is a modern school of yoga started by John Friend in 1997; it is a popular hatha yoga style with a Tantric philosophy. ... 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Integral yoga or purna yoga (Sanskrit for full or complete yoga) refers in Sri Aurobindos teachings to the union of all the parts of ones being with the Divine, and the transmutation of all of their jarring elements into a harmonious state of higher divine consciousness and existence. ... Yoga is not a religion, yoga is the science of religions B.K.S. Iyengar (Light on Yoga) Iyengar Yoga, created by B.K.S. Iyengar, is a form of yoga known for its use of props, such as belts and blocks, as aids in performing asanas (postures). ... Kriya Yoga is a very specific system of Yoga that was revived in modern times by Lahiri Mahasaya, c 1861. ... Kundalini yoga is a physical and meditative discipline, comprising a set of simple techniques that uses the mind, senses and body to create a communication between mind and body. Kundalini yoga focuses on psycho-spiritual growth and the bodys potential for maturation, giving special consideration to the role of... Bharata natyam dance Natya Yoga, popularly known as Dance Yoga, the all-inclusive spiritual path of action, is a combination of mainly Bhakti Yoga and Karma Yoga with many elements of Hatha Yoga and Raja Yoga. ... For the meditative practice, see Sahaja Yoga meditation. ... Satyananda Yoga is a school of yoga founded by Swami Satyananda. ... Sivananda Yoga is a non-proprietary form of hatha yoga. ... The six yogas of Naropa describe a set of advanced Tibetan Buddhist tantric meditation practices compiled in and around the time of the Indian monk and mystic Naropa (1016-1100 C.E.), and conveyed to his student Marpa the translator. ... Tumo (also spelled Tummo, or Tum-mo ) is a Tibetan term for a type of contemplative practice that causes an intense sensation of body heat to arise. ... Surat Shabd Yoga or Surat Shabda Yoga is a form of spiritual practice that is followed in the Sant Mat and many other related spiritual traditions. ... Viniyoga is a word originally used to distinguish the yoga style of T. K. V. Desikachar (in the lineage of T. Krishnamacharya). ... Tsa lung[1] Trul khor (lit. ... Yoga in Daily Life by Mahamandaleshwar Paramhans Swami Maheshwarananda is a comprehensive system of Yoga with a holistic approach to health, like Ayurveda. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Bhagavad Gīta भगवद्गीता, composed ca the fifth - second centuries BC, is part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in the Bhisma-Parva chapters 23–40. ... This is an article about the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... The most fundamental text of Hatha Yoga is the Hatha Yoga Pradipika, a Sanskrit classic written by Swami Swatamarama, a disciple of Swami Goraknath. ... Gheranda Samhita (Sanskrit for Gherandas Collection) is one of the three classic texts of Hatha Yoga (the other two being the Hatha Yoga Pradapika and the Shiva Samhita). ... Shiva Samhita (also Siva Samhita) is a Sanskrit text on yoga, written by an unknown author[1]. The text is addressed by the Hindu god Shiva to his consort Parvati (Shiva Samhita means Shivas Compendium). It is one of three major surviving classical treatises on hatha yoga, the other... Ten Traditional Yamas or Codes of Conduct The Yamas are codified as the restraints in numerous scriptures including the Shandilya and Varuha Upanishads, Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Gorakshanatha, the Tirumantiram of Tirumular and the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... The Niyamas are codified as the observances in numerous scriptures including the Shandilya and Varuha Upanishads, Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Gorakshanatha, the Tirumantiram of Tirumular and the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali. ... Ardha Padmasana, or Half Lotus is an intermediate seated posture Padmasana or Lotus pose is a more advanced seated posture Asana, Sanskrit for sitting posture (asanam is sitting or ass / aste is he sits), is a body position, typically associated with the practice of Yoga, intended primarily to restore and... Pranayama (Sanskrit: ) is a Sanskrit word often translated as control of the life force (prana). ... Pratyahara is the fifth among the Eight steps of Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga. ... Dharana (Pronounced Dhaaranaa, with a voiced, aspirated dh) is the sixth of the eight steps of Patanjalis Ashtanga Yoga. ... According to the Hindu Yoga Sutra dhyana is one of the eight methods of Yoga, (the other seven methods are Yama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama, Pratyahara, Dharana, and Samadhi). ... Samadhi (Sanskrit, lit. ... Combined simultaneous practice of Dharana, Dhyana & Samadhi. ... This is a list of yoga schools and their teachers in alphabetical order with a focus on Hatha yoga. ... This is a list of common postures (also called asanas) used in Hatha Yoga. ... Ayurveda (Devanagari: ) or Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient system of health care that is native to the Indian subcontinent. ... For the Naruto jutsu, see Chakra (Naruto). ... In Tibet, many Buddhists carve mantras into rocks as a form of devotion. ... This article is an overview of Tantra and an in-depth look at the Tantra of Hinduism. ... For other uses, see Vedanta (disambiguation). ... Yoga whythbytvfbyjfgnuj6yfgy6gbytbythbthnbtyyhn uyuytnhunnytnjytjyhnygfhjnynjhfygnhen used as a form of alternative medicine is a combination of breathing exercises, physical postures, and meditation, practiced for over 5,000 years. ... A western style hatha yoga class. ... Ancient symbolic representation of the Yogic Nadi model Nadis (Sanskrit: channel or vein)(Tamil: psychic nerve) are the channels through which, in traditional Indian medicine and spiritual science, the energies of the subtle body are said to flow. ... Theosophy is a word and a concept known anciently, commonly understood in the modern era to describe the studies of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky from the 1870s. ... Helena Blavatsky Helena Petrovna Hahn (also Hélène) (July 31, 1831 (O.S.) (August 12, 1831 (N.S.)) - May 8, 1891 London), better known as Helena Blavatsky (Russian: ) or Madame Blavatsky, born Helena von Hahn, was a founder of the Theosophical Society. ... William Quan Judge (1851-March 22, 1896 New York) was one of the founders of the original Theosophical Society. ... Colonel Henry Steel Olcott (1832-1907), founder and first president of the Theosophical Society, is well-known as the first prominent person of Western descent to make a formal conversion to Buddhism. ...

Personalities

Theosophists
Alice Bailey · Annie Besant
Geoffrey Hodson · C.W. Leadbeater
Alfred Percy Sinnett · Rudolph Steiner
Alice Ann Bailey (June 16, 1880 – December 15, 1949), known as Alice A. Bailey or AAB, was born as Alice LaTrobe Bateman, in Manchester, England, but moved to the U.S. in 1907, where she spent most of her life as a writer and teacher. ... Annie Besant Plaque on house in Colby Road, London SE19 where Annie Besant lived in 1874. ... C.W. Leadbeater (1847 or 1854-1934), English clergyman and Theosophical author, contributed to world thought mostly through his work as a clairvoyant. ... A.P. Sinnett (died 1921) was an author and Theosophist. ... Rudolf Steiner Rudolf Steiner (February 27, 1861–March 30, 1925) was an Austrian philosopher, literary scholar, architect, playwright, educator, and social thinker (see section below with heading social threefolding), who is best known as the founder of Anthroposophy and its practical applications, including Waldorf School, Biodynamic agriculture, the Camphill Movement...

Mysticism

Theosophical mysticism
Seven Rays
Initiation
The Seven Rays is an occult theory that is used within Theosophy and the occult organizations and religions based on Theosophy, such as the Alice Bailey material, the I Am movement and its many daughter organizations, the Church Universal and Triumphant, and the group founded by Benjamin Creme known as... Initiation is a concept in Theosophy that there are ten levels of Initiation (spiritual development) ranging from the vast majority of ordinary humanity (below level one), through levels one through four (spiritually developed humanity), up through beings known as the Ascended masters (levels five and six), up though Christ (level...

Organisations

Theosophical Society
TS Adyar · TS Pasadena · ULT
The Theosophical Society was the organization formed to advance the spiritual doctrines and altruistic living known as Theosophy. ... The Theosophical Society - Adyar is a successor organization to the original Theosophical Society founded by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky and others in 1875. ... The Theosophical Society (Pasadena) is a successor organization to the original Theosophical Society founded by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky and others in 1875. ... The United Lodge of Theosophists, or ULT, was founded in 1909 by a disgruntled Theosophical Society member, Robert Crosbie (1849-1919). ...

Theosophical texts

Isis Unveiled
The Key to Theosophy
Mahatma Letters
The Secret Doctrine
The Voice of the Silence
More... Isis Unveiled, a master-key to the mysteries of ancient and modern science and theology, published in 1877, was Helena Petrovna Blavatskys first major book. ... The title of a popular book by Helena P. Blavatsky first published in 1889 and still in print today, expounding the principles of theosophy in a readable question-and-answer manner. ... The Mahatma Letters are letters that were supposedly written by the mystical theosophical Mahatmas to certain theosophists. ... The Secret Doctrine, the Synthesis of Science, Religion and Philosophy, a book originally published as two volumes in 1888, is Helena P. Blavatskys magnum opus. ... The Voice of the Silence is a book by Helena Petrovna Blavatsky. ...

Theosophical Masters

Sanat Kumara
Djwal Khul
Morya
Kuthumi
Paul the Venetian
Serapis Bey
Master Hilarion
Master Jesus
Master Rakoczi
According to the metaphysical system of Theosophy, as well as the teachings derived from it, i. ... // A Theosophical Mahatma Djwal Khul (also spelled Djwhal Khul, Djwal kul etc. ... Master Morya, or El Morya Khan, is known in many New Age religions as the Ascended Master of the Blue or First Ray(See Seven Rays). ... Kuthumi or Koot Hoomi or Master K.H. is a theosophical Mahatma, also known as an Ascended Master or Master of the Wisdom. // According to theosophical teachings, Koot Hoomi is one of the members of the Spiritual Hierarchy which oversees the development of the human race on this planet. ... Serapis Bey is regarded in Theosophy as being one of the Ascended masters, also called the Masters of the Ancient Wisdom or the Great White Brotherhood. ... The Master Jesus is Jesus as conceived of by the metaphysical system of Theosophy as opposed to the historical Jesus of Nazareth or the Jesus Christ of the Christian religion. ... Count of St Germain by unknown artist The Count of St. ...

Related topics

Agni Yoga · Anthroposophy ·
Esotericism · Neo-Theosophy
Liberal Catholic Church
Ascended Master Teachings
Benjamin Creme
Anthroposophy, also called spiritual science, is a spiritual philosophy based on the teachings of Rudolf Steiner,[1] which states that anyone who conscientiously cultivates sense-free thinking can attain experience of and insights into the spiritual world. ... Look up Esotericism in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Neo-Theosophy is a derogatory term referring to books written by Annie Besant and Charles Webster Leadbeater on Theosophy, following the death of Madame Blavatsky in 1891. ... The Liberal Catholic Church is a form of Christianity open to theosophical ideas. ... Students of Ascended Master Teachings organizations (also known as Ascended Master Activities) believe that the Presence of Life - God - Individualizes as the I AM and incarnates throughout the created universes. ... Benjamin Creme (b. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
Hatha yoga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1440 words)
It is a particular system of Yoga introduced by Yogi Swatmarama, a yogic sage of the 15th century in India, and compiler of the Hatha Yoga Pradipika.
The Hatha Yoga of Swatmarama and his contemporaries differs from the Raja Yoga of Patanjali in that it focuses on shatkarma, the purification of the physical as leading to the purification of the mind (ha) and prana, or vital energy (tha).
The Yoga of Patanjali is Ashtanga or comprised of 8 limbs, Yama and Niyama, which are ethical obligations, Asana, Pranayama, which is breath control, Pratyahara, which is sense withdrawal, Dharana, which is concentration, Dhyana, which is meditation, and Samadhi, which is the experience of unity with God.
Agni Yoga - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2548 words)
Agni Yoga, also called the "Teaching of Living Ethics" or (in Russian) the Zhivaya Etica, is an esoteric teaching founded by the Russian painter Nicholas Roerich (Nikolai Konstantinovitch Rerikh) and his highly adept empathic wife, Helena Roerich (Elena Ivanovna Rerikh).
Agni Yoga strikes a middle ground--on one hand affirming Shambhala's hidden existence somewhere in Central Asia, secure from trespass by the unworthy; yet on the other hand describing its denizens as hardly constrained by mere physical limitations.
Other possible Agni Yoga parallels--which would not hold true for other forms of Theosophy, or pop culture artifacts like Shangri-La--include the Kalahians' use of unknown types of radiation, as well as their habit of exchanging scientific information with beings from distant worlds.
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