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Encyclopedia > Agencies of the European Union
European Union

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the European Union
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The European Union or EU is a supranational and international organization of 27 member states. ...


Treaties
Rome · Maastricht (Pillars)
Amsterdam · Nice · Reform
Institutions
Commission

President José Manuel Barroso
Barroso Commission The treaties of the European Union are effectively its constitutional law, making up the EUs primary legislation. ... The Treaty of Rome signing ceremony Signatures in the Treaty The Treaty of Rome refers to the treaty which established the European Economic Community (EEC) and was signed by France, West Germany, Italy, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg on March 25, 1957. ... The Maastricht Treaty (formally, the Treaty of European Union, TEU) was signed on February 7, 1992 in Maastricht, Netherlands after final negotiations in December 1991 between the members of the European Community and entered into force on November 1, 1993 during the Delors Commission. ... The Treaty of Maastricht which established the European Union, divided EU policies into three main areas, called pillars. ... Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts The Treaty of Amsterdam amending the Treaty of the European Union, the Treaties establishing the European Communities and certain related acts, commonly known as the Amsterdam Treaty, was signed on... Treaty of Nice The Treaty of Nice is a treaty adopted in Nice by the European Council to amend the two founding treaties of the European Union: the Treaty on European Union, or Maastricht Treaty, which introduced the Euro and the 3-pillar structure of the EU; the Treaty of... The Reform Treaty is a European Union treaty designed to reform the European Union following the failed European Constitution. ... There are currently five institutions of the European Union which govern the Union. ... Berlaymont, the Commissions seat The European Commission (formally the Commission of the European Communities) is the executive branch of the European Union. ... François-Xavier Ortoli, Romano Prodi, José Manuel Barroso and Jacques Delors The President of the European Commission is notionally the highest ranking unelected official within the European Union bureaucracy. ... José Manuel Durão Barroso (pronunced: IPA, ) (born in Lisbon, March 23, 1956) is a Portuguese politician. ... The Barroso Commission is the European Commission that has been in office since 22 November 2004 and is due to serve until 31 October 2009. ...


Parliament

President Hans-Gert Pöttering
MEPs (2004-09 term) Established 1952, as the Common Assembly President Hans-Gert Pöttering (EPP) Since 16 January 2007 Vice-Presidents 14 Rodi Kratsa-Tsagaropoulou (EPP) Alejo Vidal-Quadras (EPP) Gérard Onesta (Greens – EFA) Edward McMillan-Scott (ED) Mario Mauro (EPP) Miguel Angel Martínez Martínez (PES) Luigi Cocilovo (ALDE) Mechtild... The President of the European Parliament oversees all the activities of the European Parliament and its constituent bodies. ... Hans-Gert Pöttering (often written as Poettering; born September 15, 1945 in Bersenbrück, Lower Saxony) is a German conservative politician (CDU), and has been President of the European Parliament since January 2007. ... A Member of the European Parliament (English abbreviation MEP)[1] is a member of the European Unions directly-elected legislative body, the European Parliament. ... This is a list giving breakdowns of the European Parliamentary session from 2004 to 2009. ...


Council

Presidency: Portugal (Luís Amado)
High Representative · Voting Established 1952 Presiding Country Portugal President Luís Amado President in Office José Sócrates Members 27 (at one time) Political parties 7, including: European Peoples Party Party of European Socialists Meeting place Justus Lipsius, Brussels, Belgium, European Union Web site http://www. ... The Presidency of the Council of the European Union refers to the responsibility of presiding over all aspects of the Council of the European Union, when exercised collectively by a government, on a pre-established rota of the member states, of the European Union. ... Luís Filipe Marques Amado (b. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy or CFSP was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1997. ... The procedures for Voting in the Council of the European Union are described in the treaties of the EU. The Council of the European Union was instituted under this name in the Maastricht Treaty. ...


Other & Future Institutions

Court of Justice · Court of Auditors
Central Bank · European Council
There are currently five institutions of the European Union which govern the Union. ... There are currently five institutions of the European Union which govern the Union. ... Official emblem of the ECJ The Court of Justice of the European Communities, usually called the European Court of Justice (ECJ), is the highest court in the European Union (EU). ... The European Court of Auditors is one of five institutions of the European Union. ... This article deals with the meeting of European Union leaders. ...

Elections
Last election (2004) · 2007 by-election
Next election (2009) · Constituencies
Parties · Parliamentary groups
Related topics
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The agencies of the European Union (or decentralised bodies of the European Union) are bodies which are distinct from the European Union's institutions, in that they have not been created by the treaties but rather by acts of secondary legislation, in order to accomplish a very specific task. Unlike most of the European Union's institutions established in the treaties, each of these agencies has its own legal personality. Each agency is unique and fulfils an individual function. Some answer the need to develop scientific or technical know-how in certain fields, others bring together different interest groups to facilitate dialogue at European and international level. They may be categorized under the three pillars of the European Union. Elections in the European Union gives information on election and election results in the European Union. ... Elections to the European Parliament were held from June 10, 2004 to June 13, 2004 in the 25 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... In early 2007, Bulgaria and Romania will elect their members of the European Parliament for the first time. ... Elections to the European Parliament will be held in June 2006 in the then–27 member states of the European Union, using varying election days according to local custom. ... European Parliament electoral system is proportional representation. ... The European political party, or formally political party at European level, is a type of political party organization in the European Union, eligible to receive funding from the Union. ... Political Groups in the European Parliament combine the MEPs from European political parties, informal European political blocs, and independents, into powerful coalitions. ... // Origins of the EU History of the European Union European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) Euratom Single market. ... Austria Poland Belgium Bulgaria Cyprus Czech   Rep. ... The European Union (EU) was created by six founding states in 1957 (following the earlier establishment by the same six states of the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952) and has grown to 27 member states. ... Foreign relations of the European Union Foreign relations of Austria Foreign relations of Belgium Foreign relations of Cyprus Foreign relations of the Czech Republic Foreign relations of Denmark Foreign relations of Estonia Foreign relations of Finland Foreign relations of France Foreign relations of Germany Foreign relations of Greece Foreign relations... The Law of the European Union is the unique legal system which operates alongside the laws of Member States of the European Union (EU). ... In economics, a monetary union is a situation where several countries have agreed to share a single currency among them. ... There are currently five institutions of the European Union which govern the Union. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... There are currently five institutions of the European Union which govern the Union. ... The treaties of the European Union are effectively its constitutional law, making up the EUs primary legislation. ... The Treaty of Maastricht which established the European Union, divided EU policies into three main areas, called pillars. ...

Contents

List of agencies

Distinct from EU institutions, the agencies of the European Union were set up to accomplish very specific tasks such as promoting environmental protection, transport safety and multilingualism. They span Europe – Dublin to Stockholm, Warsaw to Lisbon – providing services, information and know-how to the general public.


Here, the agencies are listed after different colours for the three respective pillars:

     European Communities
     Common Foreign and Security Policy
     Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters
Official name Acronym Location Est. Branch
European Agency for Safety and Health at Work EU-OSHA Bilbao 1996 *
European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training Cedefop Thessaloniki 1975 *
European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions EUROFOUND Dublin 1975 *
European Environment Agency EEA Copenhagen 1994 *
European Training Foundation ETF Turin 1994 *
European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction EMCDDA Lisbon 1993 *
European Medicines Agency EMEA London 1995 *
Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market OHIM Alicante 1999 *
Community Plant Variety Office CPVO Angers 1994 *
Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union CdT Luxembourg 1994 *
European Agency for Reconstruction EAR Thessaloniki 2000 *
European Food Safety Authority EFSA Parma 2002 *
European Maritime Safety Agency EMSA Lisbon 2002 *
European Aviation Safety Agency EASA Cologne 2003 *
European Network and Information Security Agency ENISA Heraklion 2005 *
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC Stockholm 2005 *
European Global Navigation Satellite System Supervisory Authority GSA  ? 2004 *
European Railway Agency ERA Valenciennes/Lille 2004 *
European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union Frontex Warsaw 2005 *
Community Fisheries Control Agency CFCA Vigo 2005 *
European Chemicals Agency ECHA Helsinki 2007 *
European Institute for Gender Equality  ?  ? 2007 *
European Fundamental Rights Agency FRA Vienna 2007 *
European Defence Agency EDA Brussels 2004 -
European Institute for Security Studies ISS Paris 2001 -
European Union Satellite Centre EUSC Torrejón de Ardoz 2002 -
European Police College CEPOL Bramshill 2001 x
European Police Office Europol The Hague 1999 x
European body for the enhancement of judicial co-operation Eurojust The Hague 2002 x

The European Community (EC), most important of three European Communities, was originally founded on March 25, 1957 by the signing of the Treaty of Rome under the name of European Economic Community. ... The Common Foreign and Security Policy, or CFSP, was established as the second of the three pillars of the European Union in the Maastricht treaty of 1992, and further defined and broadened in the Amsterdam Treaty of 1999. ... Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PJC) is the third of the three pillars of the European Union, focusing on co-operation in law enforcement and combating racism. ... The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) aims to make Europe’s workplaces safer, healthier and more productive. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : , Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Bilbao (Basque) Spanish name Bilbao Nickname El Botxo (the hole) Founded 15... The European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop) is an agency of the European Union. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: ) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia, the largest Region of Greece. ... The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions is a agency of the European Union, with offices located in Dublin, Ireland. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... European Environment Agency (EEA), agency of the European Union devoted to establishing a monitoring network for the monitoring of the European environment. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ... The European Training Foundation (ETF) is an agency of the European Union. ... For other uses, see Turin (disambiguation). ... The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) is an agency of the European Union. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... The European Medicines Agency (EMEA) is a European agency for the evaluation of medicinal products. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Categories: Stub | European Union law | Intellectual property organizations ... Location Coordinates : Time zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer : CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Alacant (Catalan) Spanish name Alicante Postal code 03000 - 03016 Website www. ... The Community Plant Variety Office (CPVO), an agency of the European Union, is located in Angers, France. ... Maison dAdam, House of Adam, the oldest house of Angers. ... The Translation Centre for the Bodies of the European Union is an agency of the European Union. ... The European Agency for Reconstruction (EAR), an agency of the European Union was set up in 2000. ... Thessaloniki or Salonica (Greek: ) is Greeces second-largest city and the capital of Macedonia, the largest Region of Greece. ... The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), an agency of the European Union, began operating in 2002. ... Parma is a city in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, famous for its architecture and the fine countryside around it. ... Location: Lisbon, Portugal Formation: - Signed - Established 2002 Superseding pillar: European Communities Director: Willem de Ruiter Website: emsa. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Agency of the European Union Location: Cologne, Germany Formation: - Signed - Established September 28, 2003 Superseding pillar: European Community Director: Patrick Goudou Website: easa. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... The European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA), an agency of the European Union, was set up in 2004. ... For other uses, see Heraklion (disambiguation). ... The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is an agency of the European Union. ... For other uses, see Stockholm (disambiguation). ... The European Global Navigation Satellite System Supervisory Authority is an agency of the European Union. ... The European Railway Agency (ERA) is one of the agencies of the European Union. ... Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae) is a town and commune in northern France in the Nord département on the Escaut river. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... Location: Warsaw, Poland Formation: - Signed - Established October 26, 2004 May 1, 2005 Superseding pillar: European Communities Director: Ilkka Laitinen Official website: http://www. ... For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ... The Community Fisheries Control Agency is a proposed agency of the European Union. ... Location Location of Vigo Coordinates : Time Zone : General information Native name Vigo (Galician) Spanish name Vigo Nickname La Ciudad Olvica (The Olive City) Postal code 36xxx Website http://www. ... The European Chemicals Agency is a proposed agency of the European Union. ... Location of Helsinki in Northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Province Region Uusimaa Sub-region Helsinki Charter 1550 Capital city 1812 Government  - City manager Jussi Pajunen Area  - City 187. ... The European Institute for Gender Equality is a proposed agency of the European Union. ... The European Fundamental Rights Agency (formally, the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights) is a proposed agency of the European Union which will be set up in Vienna. ... For other uses, see Vienna (disambiguation). ... Agency of the European Union Location: Brussels, Belgium Formation - Signed - Established July 2004 Superseding pillar: Common Foreign and Security Policy Director: Kriegstreiber Javier Solana Website: eda. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... The European Union Institute for Security Studies (EUISS), an agency of the European Union, came into being on July 20, 2001 as a replacement to the Western European Union Institute for Security Studies, and thus represents a part of the transfer of functions from the Western European Union to the... This article is about the capital of France. ... The European Union Satellite Centre (EUSC) was set up in 2002 in order to replace the Western Union Satellite Centre and thus represents a part of the transfer of functions from the Western European Union (WEU) to the European Union EU, and more specifically to the Common Foreign and Security... Town belonging to the urban area of Madrid In Spain. ... The European Police College (CEPOL), an agency of the European Union, is an academy for training senior and middle-ranking EU police officials. ... Hook is the name of several different places in the English county of Hampshire: Hook, near Basingstoke Hook, near Warsash Hook Park This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Location: The Hague, Netherlands Formation: - Signed - Established 1998 July 1, 1999 Superseding pillar: Police and Judicial Co-operation in Criminal Matters Director: Max-Peter Ratzel Official website: http://www. ... Coordinates: , Country Netherlands Province South Holland Area (2006)  - Municipality 98. ... Eurojust (also spelled capitalised as EUROJUST) is a European Union body composed of national prosecutors, magistrates or police officers of equivalent competence from each of the European Unions member states. ...

Executive agencies

Executive agencies are created by European Commission for a fixed period.

The Intelligent Energy Executive Agency is a proposed agency of the European Union. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... The Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency is a proposed agency of the European Union. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... The Executive Agency for the Public Health Programme is a proposed agency of the European Union. ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ...

Proposed agencies

  • European Telecom Market Authority (ETMA?)

The European Telecom Market Authority (more properly known as the European Electronic Communications Market(s) Authority or EECMA) is a proposed agency for the European Union. ...

External links

The following links are all part of the official EU-website.

  • EU's main site about agencies
    • First pillar agencies
    • Second pillar agencies
    • Third pillar agencies
    • Executive agencies
  • Trans-European Transport Network Executive Agency (TEN-TEA)

 
 

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