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Encyclopedia > Agdam (rayon)
Map of Azerbaijan showing Agdam rayon
Population (1993): 163,400
Population (post 1993): 0
Area (sq. km.): 1,150
Capital: Ağdam
Ruins of Aghdam from a minaret of a mosque.
Ruins of Aghdam from a minaret of a mosque.

Agdam (Azerbaijani: Ağdam, Armenian: Աղդամ Aghdam) is a rayon in southwestern Azerbaijan, and the capital city of the rayon, which is currently a ghost town. At the most the town had over 160.000 with its own airport. The town was lost to the Armenian forces in July 1993 during the ongoing dispute over the Nagorno-Karabakh area. The Armenians then systematically destroyed the town. The remains have been looted by Armenians living close by, taking materials from the destroyed buildings to restore their own. Although the city itself is completely destroyed, the Muslim cemetery and mosque remain undamaged. Most of the refugees from Agdam now live in camps and makeshift cities in the region of Barda and Sumgait. About half of the rayon is currently controlled by Armenian forces. Image File history File links Azerbaijan-Agdam. ... A raion (or rayon) (Russian and Ukrainian: ; Belarusian раён; Azeri: rayon, Latvian: rajons, Georgian: , raioni) is one of two kinds of administrative subdivisions in languages of some post-Soviet states: a subnational entity and a subdivision of a city. ... Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijani: Dağlıq Qarabağ or Yuxarı Qarabağ, literally mountainous black garden or upper black garden; Russian: Нагорный Карабах, translit. ...

The area is currently being used as an alleged buffer zone towards the Azeri army. The city is not claimed by Armenians and it is undisputed Azerbaijani territory, and this is acknowledged by Armenia. This is one of the main reasons why the area has not been inhabited by Armenians themselves. There have been talks of handing over the city back to Azerbaijan, but nothing official has been announced. Armenia allows only a limited number of foreigners to visit the city and photographing is not allowed. UN and OSCE condemned on several occasions the seizure and the town is a controversial subject that is yet to be resolved. In particular, the UN Security Council Resolution # 853, adopted on 29 July 1993, condemned “the seizure of the district of Agdam and of all other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijani Republic” and demanded “unconditional withdrawal of the occupying forces involved from the district of Agdam and all other recently occupied areas of the Azerbaijan Republic”.[1]


  1. ^ 1993 UN Security Council Resolutions on Nagorno-Karabakh

See also

The Nagorno-Karabakh War was an armed conflict that began in the latter half of 1991 and raged on until 1994 in the Caucasus region between mostly Christian Armenia and its eastern neighbor, predominantly Muslim Azerbaijan. ...

External links

  • Report by Célia Chauffour on Agdam for Caucaz.com
  • UN Resolution #853 condeming the seizure of Agdam
  • Report by the Chairman of the Minsk Conference, Francesco Paolo Fulci of the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe on Nagorny Karabakh to the President of the Security Council dated 27 July 1993
  • HRW report on the conflict
Subdivisions of Azerbaijan Flag of Azerbaijan
Districts: Absheron | Agdam | Agdash | Agjabadi | Agstafa | Agsu | Astara | Babek* | Balakan | Barda | Beylagan | Bilasuvar | Dashkasan | Davachi | Fizuli | Gadabay | Goranboy | Goychay | Hajigabul | Imishli | Ismailli | Jabrayil | Jalilabad | Julfa* | Kalbajar | Kangarli* | Khachmaz | Khanlar | Khizi | Khojali | Khojavend | Kurdamir | Lachin | Lankaran | Lerik | Masally | Neftchala | Oguz | Ordubad* | Qabala | Qakh | Qazakh | Qobustan | Quba | Qubadli | Qusar | Saatly | Sabirabad | Sadarak* | Salyan | Samukh | Shakhbuz* | Shaki | Shamakhi | Shamkir | Sharur* | Shusha | Siazan | Tartar | Tovuz | Ujar | Yardymli | Yevlakh | Zangilan | Zaqatala | Zardab
Municipalities: Ali Bayramli | Baku | Ganja | Khankendi | Lankaran | Mingachevir | Naftalan | Nakhichevan City* | Shaki | Sumqayit | Shusha | Yevlakh
Asterisks indicate parts of the Nakhichevan Autonomous Republic



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