FACTOID # 5: Minnesota and Connecticut are both in the top 5 in saving money and total tax burden per capita.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Agama Hindu Dharma
Agama Hindu Dharma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Balinese Hinduism is deeply interwoven with art and ritual, and is less closely preoccupied with scripture, law, and belief than Islam in Indonesia. Balinese Hinduism lacks the traditional Hindu emphasis on cycles of rebirth and reincarnation, but instead is concerned with a myriad of local and ancestral spirits. As with kebatinan, these deities are thought to be capable of harm. Balinese place great emphasis on dramatic and aesthetically satisfying acts of ritual propitiation of these spirits at temple sites scattered throughout villages and in the countryside. Each of these temples has a more or less fixed membership; every Balinese belongs to a temple by virtue of descent, residence, or some mystical revelation of affiliation. Some temples are associated with the family house compound, others are associated with rice fields, and still others with key geographic sites. Ritualized states of self-control (or lack thereof) are a notable feature of religious expression among the people, who for this reason have become famous for their graceful and decorous behavior. One key ceremony at a village temple, for instance, features a special performance of a dance-drama (a battle between the mythical characters Rangda the witch (representing evil) and Barong the lion or dragon (representing good)), in which performers fall into a trance and attempt to stab themselves with sharp knives. Islam in Indonesia is the dominant religion by far with the greatest number of religious adherents. ...


Rituals of the life cycle are also important occasions for religious expression and artistic display. Ceremonies at puberty, marriage, and, most notably, cremation at death provide opportunities for Balinese to communicate their ideas about community, status, and the afterlife. (The tourist industry has not only supported spectacular cremation ceremonies among Balinese of modest means, but also has created a greater demand for them.)


Balinese religion is hierarchically organized, with one small segment of the aristocracy – the brahmin, or priestly, class – being the most prestigious. A brahmin priest is not affiliated with any temple but acts as a spiritual leader and adviser to individual families in various villages scattered over the island. These priests are consulted when ceremonies requiring holy water are conducted. On other occasions, folk healers or curers may be hired. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Javanese Hinduism

Main article: Hinduism in Java

Both Java and Sumatra were subject to considerable cultural influence from the Indian subcontinent during the first and second millennia of the Common Era. Many Hindu temples were built, including Prambanan near Yogyakarta, which has been designated a World Heritage Site; and Hindu kingdoms flourished, of which the most important was Majapahit. The resurgence of Hinduism in Java is driven in part by the famous Javanese prophesies of Sabdapalon and Jayabaya. ... Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatara and Sumatera) is the sixth largest island of the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the 3rd largest island of Indonesia after Kalimantan and New Guinea. ... Satellite image of the Indian subcontinent Map of South Asia (see note) The Indian subcontinent is a peninsular landmass of the Asian continent occupying the Indian Plate and extending into the Indian Ocean, bordered on the north by the Eurasian Plate. ... The Common Era (CE), sometimes known as the Christian Era or Current Era, is the period of measured time beginning with the year 1 (the traditional birthdate of Jesus) to the present. ... The Prambanan temple complex Prambanan is the largest Hindu temple compound in Indonesia, located in central Java, approximately 18 km east of Yogyakarta. ... Yogyakarta (also Jogjakarta in pre-1972 spelling or Jogja) is a city and province on the island of Java, Indonesia. ... Site #86: Memphis and its Necropolis, including the Pyramids of Giza (Egypt). ... The Majapahit Empire was based in eastern Java and ruled much of the southern Malay Peninsula, Borneo, Sumatra, and Bali from about 1293 to around 1500. ...


In the sixth and seventh centuries many maritime kingdoms arose in Sumatra and Java which controlled the waters in the Straits of Malacca and flourished with the increasing sea trade between China and India and beyond. During this time, scholars from India and China visited these kingdoms to translate literary and religious texts. The Straits of Malacca is a narrow stretch of water between Peninsular Malaysia (West Malaysia) and the Indonesian island of Sumatra. ...


Majapahit was based in Central Java, from where it ruled a large part of what is now western Indonesia. The remnants of the Majapahit kingdom shifted to Bali during the sixteenth century as Muslim kingdoms in the western part of the island gained influence. Bali is an Indonesian island located at , , one of the Lesser Sunda Islands. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish:Müslüman, Persian:مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Hinduism has survived in varying degrees and forms on Java; in recent years, conversions to Hinduism have been on the rise, particularly in regions surrounding a major Hindu religious site, such as the Klaten region near the Prambanan temple. Certain ethnic groups, such as the Tenggerese and Osings, are also associated with Hindu religious traditions. The Tenggerese are the descendants of the Majapahit princes. ... The Indonesian Osing people are the descendants of the Majapahit princes who refused to convert to Islam in the 16th century. ...


Hinduism elsewhere in the archipelago

Main article: Hinduism in Sulawesi

The Bodha sect of Sasak people on the island of Lombok are non-Muslim; their religion is a fusion of Hinduism and Buddhism with animism; it is considered Buddhist by the government. The resurgence of Hinduism in Indonesia is occurring in all parts of the country. ... The Bodha, also known as Boda, are the non-Muslim animist Sasaks living on the slopes of Gunung Rinjani on the island of Lombok. ... The Sasak live mainly on the island of Lombok, numbering around 2. ... Satellite photograph of Lombok, showing its volcano. ...


Among the non-Bali communities considered to be Hindu by the government are, for example, the Dayak adherents of the Kaharingan religion in Kalimantan Tengah, where government statistics counted Hindus as 15.8 % of the population as of 1995. Nationally, Hindus represented only around 2 % of the population in the early 1990s. The Dayak (or Dyak) are indigenous natives of Borneo. ... Kaharingan, is the religion is professed by most Dayaks in the Kalimantan province of Indonesia. ... Categories: Indonesia geography stubs | Provinces of Indonesia ... 1995 was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Many Manusela and Nuaulu people of Seram follow Naurus, a syncretism of Hinduism with animist and Protestant elements. The Manusela population of 9,000 is centered in the Manusela mountains of North Seram and along Teluti Bay in south Seram, which suggests their name of their tribe. ... The Nuaulu tribe are divided into two groups, namely the northern and the southern groups. ... Seram (formerly Ceram, also called Seran or Serang) is an island in the Maluku province of Indonesia. ...


Similarly, the Tana Toraja of Sulawesi have identified their animistic religion as Hindu. Carved wooden Torajan art - each panel is a stylised representation of a wish for goodwill of some form. ... Sulawesi (formerly Celebes ) is a large island in Indonesia. ...


The Batak of Sumatra have identified their animist traditions with Hinduism. Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of ethnic groups found in the highlands of North Sumatra Indonesia. ...


See Also

Hinduism {Sanskrit/Hindi - Hindū Dharma, also known as Sanātana (eternal) Dharma and Vaidika (of the Vedas) Dharma} is the religion based on the Vedas as well as other traditional scriptures and beliefs. ... Balinese mythology is the traditional mythology of the people of the Indonesian island of Bali, before the majority adoption of Hinduism. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Indonesian Osing people are the descendants of the Majapahit princes who refused to convert to Islam in the 16th century. ... Badui man The Badui (also known as Kanekes) are the descendants of the Pajajaran princes. ... The Dayak (or Dyak) are indigenous natives of Borneo. ... Kaharingan, is the religion is professed by most Dayaks in the Kalimantan province of Indonesia. ... Categories: Stub | Ethnic Groups of Indonesia ... The Manusela population of 9,000 is centered in the Manusela mountains of North Seram and along Teluti Bay in south Seram, which suggests their name of their tribe. ... The Nuaulu tribe are divided into two groups, namely the northern and the southern groups. ... The Tenggerese are the descendants of the Majapahit princes. ... The Abangan form a large majorty of the Javanese Muslims. ... Batak is a collective term used to identify a number of ethnic groups found in the highlands of North Sumatra Indonesia. ... The Sasak live mainly on the island of Lombok, numbering around 2. ... The Bodha, also known as Boda, are the non-Muslim animist Sasaks living on the slopes of Gunung Rinjani on the island of Lombok. ...

External links

  • Hinduism in Indonesia
  • Hindu Council UK: "Great Expectations: Hindu Revival Movements in Java and other parts of Indonesia" by Thomas Reuter
  • Agnihoma.org Hindu Resources and Community in Indonesia
  • Hindu-raditya.com
  • desaadat.com
  • Mediahindu.net

References

This article includes material from the 1995 public domain Library of Congress Country Study on Indonesia.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Agama Hindu Dharma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1320 words)
One of Hinduism's primary ethical concerns is the concept of ritual purity.
Hinduism has survived in varying degrees and forms on Java; in recent years, conversions to Hinduism have been on the rise, particularly in regions surrounding a major Hindu religious site, such as the Klaten region near the Prambanan temple.
Among the non-Bali communities considered to be Hindu by the government are, for example, the Dayak adherents of the Kaharingan religion in Kalimantan Tengah, where government statistics counted Hindus as 15.8 % of the population as of 1995.
Hindu - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3489 words)
A Hindu, as per modern definition is an adherent of philosophies and scriptures of Hinduism, the predominant religious, philosophical and cultural system of the Indian subcontinent and the island of Bali.
Hinduism, especially its history and heritage, is vitally important, and the political identity and expression of India and other countries' Hindus.
Hindus in India are cremated upon open grounds upon wooden pyres, though the use of cremation chambers is increasing in popularity owing to the scarcity of wood and lack of exposure.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m