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Encyclopedia > Aga Khan

Part of a series on Shī‘a Islam
Ismailism
Shiʻa Islam (Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite) makes up the second largest sect of believers in Islam, constituting about 30%–35% of all Muslim. ... The IsmāʿīlÄ« (Urdu: اسماعیلی IsmāʿīlÄ«, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-IsmāʿīliyyÅ«n; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the ShÄ«a community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ...

Branches

NizariDruzeMustaali
The Ismāʿīlī (Urdu: اسماعیلی Ismāʿīlī, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-Ismāʿīliyyūn; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the Shīa community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 150 × 120 pixelsFull resolution (150 × 120 pixel, file size: 9 KB, MIME type: image/gif) It was found here http://www. ... The Nizārī (Arabic النزاريون Al-Nizarin) is the largest branch of Ismāīlī (in Persian: اسماعیلیه) Shīˤa Islām and make up over two thirds of Ismaili Muslims. ... Religions Druzism Scriptures Languages Arabic, Hebrew The Druze (Arabic: درزي, derzī or durzī, plural دروز, durūz; Hebrew: , Druzim; also transliterated Druz or Druse) are a Middle Eastern religious community whose traditional religion began as an offshoot of the Ismaili sect of Islam, but is unique in its incorporation of Gnostic, neo... This group is named Mustaali because they follow Imam Mustalli, after Imam Mustansir Billah, and not Nazaar whom the Aga Khan group consider as their Imam. ...

Pillars

WalayahSalah
ZakahSawmHajjJihad
TaharahShahada Shia Ismaili Seven Pillars of Islam have three doctrines that are not included in the Sunni Five Pillars of Islam: Walayah, Taharah and Jihad. ... Guardianship is a Ismaili and Druze pillar of Islam. ... Salat redirects here. ... This is a sub-article of Islamic economical jurisprudence. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Hajj (Arabic: , transliteration: ; Turkish: ; Ottoman Turkish: حاج; Persian: , Bosnian: ) is the Pilgrimage to Mecca in Islam. ... Flag used by Muslims Army during early Islam Jihad, sometimes spelled Jahad, Jehad, Jihaad, Jiaad, or Cihad, (Arabic: IPA: ) as an Islamic term, is sometimes referred to as the sixth pillar of Islam, although it occupies no official status as such in Sunni Islam. ... Purity is a Ismaili pillar of Islam. ... There is also a town called Shāhāda, which is now in Nandurbār district (formerly in Dhule district) in the northwest corner of Maharashtra state in India. ...

Concepts

The Qur'anThe Ginans
Reincarnation • Pantheism
ImamPir • Da'i al-Mutlaq
AqlNumerologyTaqiyya
Niranjan Nirakar Swaroop
ZahirBatin An esoteric interpretation of the Qur’an is an interpretation of the Qur’an which includes attribution of esoteric or mystic meanings to the text by the interpretater and in this aspect its method is different from the conventional exegesis of the Qur’an called tafsir. ... The Ginans are Nizari Ismaili religious texts. ... Reincarnation exists in both the Druze and Nizari branches of Ismailism. ... This is a sub-article to Imamah (Shia doctrine). ... A Pir (Persian: پیر) meaning Old Man. ... The term Dāˤī al-Mutlaq (Arabic: الداعي المطلق) literally means the absolute or unrestricted missionary. In Ismāīlī Islām, the term dāˤī has been used to refer to important religious leaders other than the hereditary Imāms and the Daˤwa or Mission is a clerical-style organisation. ... Shias believe that the souls of the Prophets and the Imams are derived from the first light in the universe which was created by Allah, the light of Aql, which in Arabic roughly translates as knowledge. ... Ismailis believe that numbers have religious meanings. ... Within Islamic tradition, the concept of Taqiyya (التقية - fear, guard against)[1] refers to a controversial dispensation allowing believers to conceal their faith when under threat, persecution or compulsion. ... This article should appear in one or more categories. ... The exterior or apparent meaning of the Quran. ... The interior or hidden meaning of the Quran. ...

History

All ImamsFatimid Empire
Hamza ibn Ali • ad-Darazi
Hassan-i-SabbahHashashin
DawoodiSulaimaniAlavi
HafiziTaiyabiAinsarii
SevenersQarmatians
SadardinSatpanth This is a list of the Imams recognized by the Ismaili Shiites and their sub-branches. ... The Fatimid Empire or Fatimid Caliphate ruled North Africa from A.D. 909 to 1171. ... Hamza ibn-Ali ibn-Ahmad was an 11th century Muslim preacher, and is counted among the founders of the Druze. ... Muhammad bin Ismail Nashtakin ad-Darazi (Arabic: ) was a 11th century Ismaili preacher and early leader of Druze. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Hashshashin (also Hashishin, Hashashiyyin or Assassins) was a religious sect of Ismaili Muslims from the Nizari sub-sect. ... Dawoodi Bohras (Arabic: داؤدی بوہرہ, Hindi: दवूदि बोह्रा) are the main branch of the Bohras, a Mustaˤlī subsect of Ismāīlī Shīˤa Islām, and are based in India. ... Sulaimani Bohra are a subsect of Ismaili Mustaali. ... Alavi Bohra (Arabic: علوی بوہرہ) are a subsect of Ismaili Mustaali. ... The Mustaˤlī (Arabic: مستعلي) group of Ismāīlī Muslims are so named because they accepted al-Mustaˤlī as the ninth Fatimid caliph and the legitimate successor to his father, al-Mustansir. ... A branch of Mustaali Ismailism that split with the Fatimid supporting Hafizi branch by believing Tayyab Abī l-Qāsim was the rightful Imam. ... The Ainsarii were a sect of the Ismaili Assassins who survived the destruction of the stronghold of Alamut. ... Seveners are a branch of Ismaili Shiism. ... The Qarmatians (from Arabic qaramita قرامطة, also spelled Carmathians, Qarmathians, Karmathians etc. ... Pir Sadardin or Pir Sadruddin was a fourteenth century spiritual leader and is regarded as the founder of Khoja Ismaili sect otherwise known as Satpanth. ... // The people of the Satpanth are originally from the Indian states of Punjab and Rajasthan. ...

Early Imams

AliHasanHusayn
al-Sajjadal-Baqiral-Sadiq
IsmailMuhammad
Ahmadat-Taqiaz-Zaki
al-Mahdi • al-Qa'im • al-Mansur
al-Muizz • al-Aziz • al-Hakim
az-Zahir • al-Mustansir • Nizar
al-Musta'li • al-Amir • al-Qasim
This is a sub-article to Imamah (Shia doctrine). ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Hassan ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib ()‎ (Fifteenth of Ramadan, 3 AH – Twenty-eighth of Safar, 50 AH) [6] was the grandson of Muhammad, and was the son of Ali ibn Abi Talib (the first Shi’ah Imam and the fourth Sunni Caliph) and Fatima Zahra (a daughter of Muhammad). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Muhammad al-Baqir Imam Muhammad al-Baqir (676 - January 31, 743) was the fifth Shia Imam. ... ... Ismail bin Jafar (Arabic: إسماعيل بن جعفر) was the eldest son of the sixth Shia Imam, Jafar as-Sadiq. ... Muhammad ibn Ismail was the son of Ismail bin Jafar and an Ismaili Imam. ... The eighth Ismaili Imam, surnamed al-Wafi. ... The ninth Ismaili Imam. ... The tenth Ismaili Imam, surnamed az-Zaki. ... Ubayd Allah al-Mahdi Billah a. ... Muhammad al-Qaim Bi-Amrillah (893 - 17 May 946) (Arabic: محمد القائم بأمر الله) was the second Caliph of the Fatimids in Ifriqiya and ruled from 934 to 946. ... Isma`îl al-Mansûr (913 - 953) was the third Caliph of the Fatimids in Ifriqiya and ruled from 946 to 953. ... Was the fourth Fatamid caliph. ... Al-Aziz (* 955; † 996) was the fifth Caliph of the Fatimids (975-996). ... Tāriqu l-Ḥakīm, called bi Amr al-Lāh (Arabic الحاكم بأمر الله Ruler by Gods Command), was the sixth Fatimid Caliph in Egypt, ruling from 996 to 1021. ... ˤAlī az-Zāhir (20 June 1005 – 13 June 1036) (Arabic: الظاهر بالله) was the Seventh Caliph of the Fātimids (1021 - 1036). ... Al-Mustansir (July 2, 1029 - January 10, 1094), was born in Cairo on 16th Jamada II, 420/ and eight months afterwards was declared to succeed his father. ... Abu Mansur al-Nizar, (who was surnamed al-Mustapha al-dinillah, meaning the chosen for Gods religion) is a Nizari Ismaili Imam. ... Ahmad al-Mustali (d 1101) was the ninth Fatimid Caliph. ... Al-Amir (b. ... The 21st Fatimid Imam and son of the 20th Fatimid Imam Mansur al-Amir Bi-Ahkamillah. ...

Contemporary Leaders

Prince Karim Aga Khan IV
Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin
Taiyeb Ziyauddin Saheb
Asghar Ali Engineer
Mowafak Tarif
The Āgā Khān IV, or His Highness Prince Karīm al-Hussaynī Āgā Khān IV, KBE, CC, GCC, (Arabic: سمو الأمیر شاہ کریم الحسیني آغا خان الرابع) -- (born December 13, 1936) is the current (49th) Imām of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims. ... Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin // The 52nd Vicegerent Of The Fatimid Imam His Holiness Dr. Syedna Mohammed Burhanuddin is the 52nd Dai al-Mutlaq of the largest group of Mustali Ismailis, the Dawoodi Bohras. ... Saiyedna Abu Haatim Taiyeb Ziyauddin Saheb (born August 6, 1932) is the forty fourth and current Dai-e-Mutlaq (Spiritual & Temporal Head) of the Taiyebi Alavi Dawat community, in succession from the first Dai-e-Mutlaq, Saiyedna Zoeb bin Moosa. ... Asghar Ali Engineer, The Laaentie was born in Bohra priestly family (amils family) on 10th March, 1939 in Salumbar, Rajasthan (near Udaipur) where Qurban Husain, his father, was an amil at that time. ... Shaykh Muwaffak Tarīf (موفق طريف) is the current spiritual leader of the Druze community in Israel. ...

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Aga Khan (Persian: آقا خان ) is the hereditary title of the Imam (spiritual and general leader) of the Ismaili Nizārīs الطائفة الإسماعيلية, a sect of the Shi'a Ismaili branch of Islam which formed in 765 when the followers of the Shi'ite movement split into the Ismaili movement, followers of the Imamah of Ismail bin Jafir, and into what would become the Twelver movement (Arabic: Ithna 'Ashariyyah), who followed the Imam Musa Kazim. The Ä€gā Khān IV, or His Highness Prince KarÄ«m al-HussaynÄ« Ä€gā Khān IV, KBE, CC, GCC, (Arabic: سمو الأمیر شاہ کریم الحسیني آغا خان الرابع) -- (born December 13, 1936) is the current (49th) Imām of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims. ... Aga Khan may refer to: Aga Khan, the hereditary title of the Imam (spiritual and general leader) of the Ismaili NizārÄ« Muslims Aga Khan I (1800–1881), the first Aga Khan, and 46th Imam. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The NizārÄ« (Arabic النزاريون Al-Nizarin) is the largest branch of IsmāīlÄ« (in Persian: اسماعیلیه) Shīˤa Islām and make up over two thirds of Ismaili Muslims. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... The IsmāʿīlÄ« (Urdu: اسماعیلی IsmāʿīlÄ«, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-IsmāʿīliyyÅ«n; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the ShÄ«a community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ... Islam (Arabic:  ) is a monotheistic religion based upon the teachings of Muhammad, a 7th century Arab religious and political figure. ... Events Papal privileges are restored in Beneventino and Tuscany and partly in Spoleto. ... The IsmāʿīlÄ« (Urdu: اسماعیلی IsmāʿīlÄ«, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-IsmāʿīliyyÅ«n; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the ShÄ«a community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ... This article is about the Shia concept, for the more general Islamic term, see Imam. ... Ismail bin Jafar (Arabic: إسماعيل بن جعفر) was the eldest son of the sixth Shia Imam, Jafar as-Sadiq. ... Twelvers or the Ithna Asharia are members of the group of Shias who believe in twelve Imams. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... This article is about the Shia concept, for the more general Islamic term, see Imam. ... Imam Musa al Kazim (November 10, 745 - September 4, 799) was the seventh Shia Imam (he is not accepted by the Ismailis as the seventh Imam). ...

Contents

History

In 1818 the title of Aga Khan was bestowed upon Aga Hasan Ali Shah, the 46th Imam of the Ismailis, by Fat′h Ali Shah Qajar, the Shah of Persia. Etymologically the title combines the Turkish military title Agha with the Turkic, Mongolian and Persian/Pashto polyvalent title Khan, so it means roughly "Commanding Chief". In Persia's Qajar court protocol, Khan (and Amir) was commonly part of commanders of armed forces and provincial tribal leaders which ranked fourth in precedence amongst the eight title classes for non-members of the dynasty.The Aga Khan was formally recognised by the British Raj in 1877 due to the help of the Aga Khan in suppressing a regional rebellion against the British, thus the Aga Khan became the only religious or community leader in British India granted a personal gun salute; all other salute dynasties were either rulers of Princely States, or Political Pensioners holding ancestral princely titles in states abolished by the Raj. 1818 (MDCCCXVIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... Aga Khan I (1800-1881), was the title accorded by general consent to Hasan Ali Shah (born in Persia, 1800), when, in early life, he first settled in Bombay under the protection of the British government. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Ismaili ( اسماعيلي, Persian Esmaaili) branch of Islam is the second-largest Shia community, after the Twelvers who are dominant in Iran. ... Fat′h `Ali Shah in 1798 Fat′ḥ-‘AlÄ« Shāh Qājār (Persian: ‎ )‎ (1771 - 1834) was the second Qajar King of Persia. ... Shah or Shahzad is a Persian term for a monarch (ruler) that has been adopted in many other languages. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... Look up aga in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Persian (Local names: فارسی Fârsi or پارسی Pârsi)* is an Indo-European language spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan as well as by minorities in Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, India, Pakistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Southern Russia, neighboring countries, and elsewhere. ... Pashto (پښتو; also known as Afghan, Pushto, Pashto, Pashtoe, Pashtu, and Pukhto) is the language spoken by the ethnic Afghan otherwise known as the Pashtun people who inhabit Afghanistan and the Western provinces of Pakistan. ... Khan (sometimes spelled as Xan, Han, Ke-Han) is a title. ... The flag of British India British India, circa 1860 The British Raj (Raj in Hindi meaning Rule; from Sanskrit Rajya) was the British rule between 1858 and 1947 of the Indian Subcontinent, which included the present-day India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Burma (Myanmar), whereby these lands were under the colonial... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A Salute state is a princely state (i. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... A pension is a steady income paid to a person (usually after retirement). ...


Incumbent

Main article: Aga Khan IV

Prince Karīm al-Hussainī became the present Aga Khan IV upon assuming the Imamat of the Nizari Ismailis on July 11, 1957 at the age of 20, succeeding his grandfather, Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah Aga Khan (Aga Khan III). In his will, his grandfather stated the conditions that led him to select his grandson as successor to the Ismaili Imamat: The Ä€gā Khān IV, or His Highness Prince KarÄ«m al-HussaynÄ« Ä€gā Khān IV, KBE, CC, GCC, (Arabic: سمو الأمیر شاہ کریم الحسیني آغا خان الرابع) -- (born December 13, 1936) is the current (49th) Imām of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims. ... The Ä€gā Khān IV, or His Highness Prince KarÄ«m al-HussaynÄ« Ä€gā Khān IV, KBE, CC, GCC, (Arabic: سمو الأمیر شاہ کریم الحسیني آغا خان الرابع) -- (born December 13, 1936) is the current (49th) Imām of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims. ... This is a sub-article to Imamah (Shia doctrine). ... The NizārÄ« (Arabic النزاريون Al-Nizarin) is the largest branch of IsmāīlÄ« (in Persian: اسماعیلیه) Shīˤa Islām and make up over two thirds of Ismaili Muslims. ... The IsmāʿīlÄ« (Urdu: اسماعیلی IsmāʿīlÄ«, Arabic: الإسماعيليون al-IsmāʿīliyyÅ«n; Persian: اسماعیلیان Esmāʿīliyān) branch of Islam is the second largest part of the ShÄ«a community, after the Twelvers (Ithnāʿashariyya). ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... Aga Khan III Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah, The Aga Khan III (Persian: آغا خان الثالث), GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GCVO, PC, (November 2, 1877 – July 11, 1957) was the 48th Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims. ...

"In view of the fundamentally altered conditions in the world in very recent years due to the great changes that have taken place, including the discoveries of atomic science, I am convinced that it is in the best interests of the Shia Muslim Ismaili community that I should be succeeded by a young man who has been brought up and developed during recent years and in the midst of the new age, and who brings a new outlook on life to his office."[1]

Prince Karīm al-Hussainī's father, Prince Aly Khan, was a high-profile celebrity in the mid 20th century due to his relationships with Hollywood stars, including a marriage to Rita Hayworth.[2] In 1958, he was appointed Pakistan's permanent ambassador to the United Nations.[3] Prince Ali Solomone Khan (June 13, 1911 – May 12, 1960), known as Aly Khan, was a vice president of the United Nations General Assembly representing Pakistan, for which he served as U.N. ambassador (1958-1960). ... ... Rita Hayworth (October 17, 1918 – May 14, 1987), born Margarita Carmen Dolores Cansino, was an American actress of Spanish and Anglo-Irish descent who reached fame during the 1940s as the eras leading sex symbol. ... The foundation of the U.N. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


Prince Karim Aga Khan IV is the 49th Ismaili Imam, tracing their lineage to Ali, cousin of Muhammad, and his wife Fatima, Muhammad's daughter.[4] The title His Highness was granted by Queen Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom in 1957, and His Royal Highness by the Shah of Iran in 1959.[5][6][7]. On July 11, 2007, Aga Khan will have been the Imam of Ismaili Muslims for 50 years; the event is expected to be celebrated worldwide. Muhammad in a new genre of Islamic calligraphy started in the 17th century by Hafiz Osman. ... Fatima may refer to: Fatima (name) a female personal name (see that article for a list of other people with the name) Fatima Zahra, daughter of prophet Muhammad, and wife of Ali, the 1st Imam of Shia Islam. ... Highness, often used with a personal possessive pronoun (His/Her/Your Highness, the first two abbreviated HH) and/or an adjective referring to the rank of the dynasty (e. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... HRH is an acronym for His Royal Highness or Her Royal Highness. ... One of the worlds longest-lasting monarchies, the Iranian monarchy went through many transformations over the centuries, from the days of Persia to the creation of what is now modern day Iran. ...


The Aga Khan, heir to the family fortune and a society figure, is founder and chairman of the Aga Khan Development Network, one of the largest private development networks in the world. In Afghanistan, the AKDN has mobilised over $400 million in development projects, a large portion of which has come from the Network's own resources.[8] AKDN continues to work with a variety of African and Asian countries to improve living conditions and promote education. Founded and guided by Aga Khan, the Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) focuses on health, education, culture, rural development, institution-building and the promotion of economic development. ...


Competitions

The annual Aga Khan tournament for field hockey in India began in the late 1800s.[9] Matches of the Aga Khan tournament are held on the grounds of Bombay Gymkhana, Mumbai's premier club.[10] A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many countries around the world. ...


In 1926, The Aga Khan gave a cup (the Aga Khan Trophy) to be awarded to the winner of an international competition held at the annual horse show of the Royal Dublin Society in Dublin, Ireland every summer.[11] It attracts competitors from all of the main showjumping nations and is carried live on Irish national television. The Royal Dublin Society (RDS) was founded in 1731 by members of the Dublin Philosophical Society in their Trinity College Dublin rooms as the Dublin Society. ...


List of those who have held the title of Aga Khan

  1. Aga Khan I = Hasan Ali Shah Mehalatee Aga Khan I (1800–1881), 46th Imam (1817–1881)
  2. Aga Khan II = Ali Shah Aga Khan II (about 1830–1885), 47th Imam (12 April 1881–1885)
  3. Aga Khan III = Prince Sultan Mohammed, (1877–1957), 48th Imam (17 August 1885–1957)
  4. Aga Khan IV = Prince Karim Al Husseini (b. 1936), 49th Imam of the Ismailis (from 11 July 1957)

Aga Khan I (Arabic: ‎) (1800 1881) was the title accorded by general consent to Hasan Ali Shah (born in Persia, 1800), when, in early life, he first settled in Bombay under the protection of the British government. ... Shah Aly Shah Aga Khan II (~1830 - 1885) is known to Ismaili Muslims as Imam Shah Aly Shah. ... Aga Khan III Sir Sultan Mahommed Shah, The Aga Khan III (Persian: آغا خان الثالث), GCSI, GCMG, GCIE, GCVO, PC, (November 2, 1877 – July 11, 1957) was the 48th Imam of the Shia Ismaili Muslims. ... The Āgā Khān IV, or His Highness Prince Karīm al-Hussaynī Āgā Khān IV, KBE, CC, GCC, (Arabic: سمو الأمیر شاہ کریم الحسیني آغا خان الرابع) -- (born December 13, 1936) is the current (49th) Imām of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims. ...

References

  1. ^ "Aly Khan's Son, 20, New Aga Khan", The New York Times, 13 July 1957, p. 1
  2. ^ Prince Aly Khan's obituary, Time, 23 May 1960, Web copy
  3. ^ Time, 17 February 1958, p 1. Web copy
  4. ^ Farhad Daftary. The Ismāʿīlīs: Their history and doctrines. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press, 1990, pp. 551-553.
  5. ^ See [1]
  6. ^ Khoja Case before Justice Sir Joseph Arnould, High Court of Bombay, 1886. Retrieved on 2006-12-01.
  7. ^ Haji Bibi Case before Mr. Justice Russell, 1905 - Bombay Law Reporter. Retrieved on 2006-12-01.
  8. ^ Afghanistan: Social, Cultural, and Economic Programmes of the Aga Khan Development Network (PDF). Retrieved on 2006-12-20.
  9. ^ "Aga Khan Hockey Tournament"], excerpt from Autobiography of Hockey Wizard Dhyan Chand, published by Sport & Pastime, Chennai, 1952; posted February 22, 2007, accessed July 9, 2007
  10. ^ Aga Khan Tournament, from the Autobiography of Hockey Wizard Dhyan Chand, published by Sport & Pastime, Chennai, 1952
  11. ^ The Aga Khan Trophy, Dublin Horse Show, accessed July 9, 2007

July 13 is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... February 17 is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 1 is the 335th (in leap years the 336th) day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sources

  • The Institute of Ismaili Studies
  • The Aga Khan Development Network
  • The World Bank
  • WorldStatesmen- Religious Organisations
  • RoyalArk- India & Qajar Persia
  • Aga Khan article at SIPA (Columbia University)
  • Brown University President Vartan Gregorian's introduction of the Aga Khan (1996 baccalaureate address)
  • Interview on NPR, 2006 September 25: "Aga Khan Speaks Out on Understanding of Muslims"

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Aga Khan - New World Encyclopedia (2254 words)
Aga Khan (Persian: آغا خان) is the hereditary title of the Imam (spiritual and general leader) of the Nizārī Muslims(الطائفة الإسماعيلية), a sect of Ismā'īlī Shīˤa Islām that formed in 765
The Aga Khan is the leader of the Nizārī (Arabic النزاريون) community, a sect of Ismaili Shīˤa Islām.
The Aga Khan claimed to be descended in direct line from the daughter of the Prophet Muhammad.
Aga Khan I - LoveToKnow 1911 (568 words)
AGA KHAN I., HIS HIGHNESS THE (1800-1881), the title accorded by general consent to Hasan Ali Shah (born in Persia, 1800), when, in early life, he first settled in Bombay under the protection of the British government.
Before the Aga Khan emigrated from Persia, he was appointed by the emperor Fateh Ali Shah to be governor-general of the extensive and important province of Kerman.
His rule was noted for firmness, moderation and high political sagacity, and he succeeded for a long time in retaining the friendship and confidence of his master the shah, although his career was beset with political intrigues and jealousy on the part of rival and court favourites, and with internal turbulence.
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