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Encyclopedia > African Buffalo
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African Buffalo
19th century drawing
19th century drawing
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
(unranked) Synapsida
(unranked) Mammaliaformes
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Bovinae
Genus: Syncerus
Hodgson, 1847
Species: S. caffer
Binomial name
Syncerus caffer
(Sparrman, 1779)

S. c. caffer
S. c. nanus
S. c. brachyceros
S. c. mathewsi Description: Drawing of an african buffalo Source: German Brockhaus Konversations-Lexikon, 1895 License: Public Domain, because copyright expired Description in the original works (translated): Kap- or Kaffernbüffel (Bubalus Caffer). ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive either in the present day or the future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Conservation Dependent (LR/cd) was an IUCN category assigned to species or lower taxa which were dependent on conservation efforts to prevent the taxon becoming threatened with extinction. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... Animalia redirects here. ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Classes and Clades See below Male and female Superb Fairy-wren Vertebrates are members of the subphylum Vertebrata (within the phylum Chordata), specifically, those chordates with backbones or spinal columns. ... Groups Caseasauria Eupelycosauria    Sphenacodontia       Therapsida          (...mammals) Synapsids (fused arch), formerly known as mammal-like reptiles, are a group of amniotes (reptiles and all their ancestors) that developed one hole in their skull (temporal fenestra) behind each eye, about 320 million years ago (Ma) during the late Carboniferous. ... Clades Allotheria Adelobasileus Sinoconodon Morganucodonta Megazostrodontidae Docodonta Hadrocodium Kuehneotheriidae Symmetrodonta Mammalia Mammaliaformes is a clade that contains the mammals and their closest extinct relatives. ... Orders Subclass Monotremata Monotremata Subclass Marsupialia Didelphimorphia Paucituberculata Microbiotheria Dasyuromorphia Peramelemorphia Notoryctemorphia Diprotodontia Subclass Placentalia Xenarthra Dermoptera Desmostylia Scandentia Primates Rodentia Lagomorpha Insectivora Chiroptera Pholidota Carnivora Perissodactyla Artiodactyla Cetacea Afrosoricida Macroscelidea Tubulidentata Hyracoidea Proboscidea Sirenia The mammals are the class of vertebrate animals primarily characterized by the presence of mammary... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae (or bovines) includes a diverse group of about 24 species of medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Anders Sparrman (February 27, 1748–August 9, 1820) was a Swedish naturalist. ... 1779 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...

The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. It is up to 1.7 meters high, 3 meters long, and can reach a weight of about 1080 kilograms. On average, an adult male stands about 1.5 m high at the shoulder and weighs 680 - 800 kg, while a female is 10 - 15 cm shorter and weighs between 500 - 600 kg. Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... The U.S. National Prototype Kilogram, which currently serves as the primary standard for measuring mass in the U.S. It was assigned to the United States in 1889 and is periodically recertified and traceable to the primary international standard, The Kilogram, held at the Bureau International des Poids et...

An African Buffalo Bull.
An African Buffalo Bull.

The Cape Buffalo is not closely related to the slightly larger Asian Water Buffalo, but its ancestry remains unclear. It is a very powerful creature, demanding respect from even a pride of lions when paths cross. Other than humans, they have few natural predators and are capable of defending themselves against (and sometimes killing) lions. Lions do kill and eat buffalo occasionally, but it typically takes multiple lions to bring down a single adult buffalo; fewer when it is injured or very old. The leopard and spotted hyena are a threat only to newborn calves. The African Buffalo has never been domesticated. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2848x2136, 1598 KB) Summary An African Buffalo Bull. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2848x2136, 1598 KB) Summary An African Buffalo Bull. ... For the controversy at the University of Pennsylvania, see Water buffalo incident. ... Binomial name Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Felis leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The lion (Panthera leo) is a mammal of the family Felidae and one of four big cats in the genus Panthera. ... This snapping turtle is trying to make a meal of a Canada goose, but the goose is too wary. ... Binomial name Panthera leo (Linnaeus, 1758) Synonyms Felis leo (Linnaeus, 1758) The lion (Panthera leo) is a mammal of the family Felidae and one of four big cats in the genus Panthera. ... Binomial name Panthera pardus Linnaeus, 1758 Synonyms Felis pardus Linnaeus, 1758 The Leopard (Panthera pardus) is one of the four big cats of the genus Panthera. ... Binomial name Crocuta crocuta (Erxleben, 1777) The Spotted Hyena, or Laughing Hyena, (Crocuta crocuta) is the largest and best-known member of the hyena family. ...

Known as one of the "big five" in Africa, the Cape Buffalo can be a volatile and formidable beast, goring, trampling and killing several people a year. It is reputedly the most dangerous game animal, with the possible exception of the hippopotamus. The cape buffalo is strongly built with plenty of stamina and endurance with tough, sharp horns The phrase Big Five game was coined by big game hunters and refers to the five large mammals that were originally most sought in Africa. ... Binomial name Hippopotamus amphibius Linnaeus, 1758 The Hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ‘ιπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), is a large, plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant, and three or four recently extinct, species in the family Hippopotamidae. ...

Cape Buffalo occur from open savannah to thickly wooded country, and wallow when the opportunity presents itself. They are found in Ethiopia, Somalia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa, Kenya and Tanzania.

The main herd consists of both sexes and all ages, though bachelor groups are also found. A male is recognizable by the thickness of his horns, and is called the "Boss." Bulls mature at eight years of age. Cows first calve at five years of age, after a gestation period of 11.5 months. Older bulls forced out of herds are commonly found in bachelor groups. Gestation is the carrying of an embryo or fetus inside a female viviparous animal. ...

Although in the past the population of African buffalo was in the tens of millions, it now stands at about 900,000; mostly in the savannas of eastern Africa. Some of the reasons for this decline in numbers are hunting, both for food and for sport; the conversion of their habitat to farmland and cattle pasture; droughts; and the introduction of foreign pests and diseases, especially the cattle disease rinderpest. It is not considered to be in danger of extinction as long as it remains protected in parks and reserves, although habitat loss continues (Huffman 2006)(IUCN 2006). Rinderpest (RP) is a inflectious viral disease of cattle, domestic buffalo, and some species of wildlife, it is commonly reffered to as cattle plague. ...


  • Antelope Specialist Group (1996). Syncerus caffer. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Retrieved on 11 May 2006.
  • Huffman, B. 2006. The ultimate ungulate page. UltimateUngulate.com. Retrieved January 9, 2007.
  • International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN). 2006. Syncerus caffer,
  • Nowak, R.M. and Paradiso, J.L. 1983. Walker's Mammals of the World. Baltimore, Maryland, USA: The Johns Hopkins University Press. ISBN 0801825253

The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ...

External links

  • http://www.nature-wildlife.com/buftxt.htm
Herd of African Buffalo
Herd of African Buffalo
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Syncerus caffer

  Results from FactBites:
African buffalo (2411 words)
The total population of African buffalo is approximately 900,000 animals across the continent (East, 1999).
Mollel, C. The incidence of hernia in the East African buffalo.
African buffalo maintain high genetic diversity in the major histocompatibility complex in spite of historically known population bottlenecks.
Cape buffalo hunts in South Africa. Hunt Cape buffalo with South African Hunting Safaris. (376 words)
Cape buffalo are found in a wide variety of habitats in Southern Africa, including areas with rivers, lakes, and swamps.
African buffalo are extremely powerful and deadly, and run at speeds up to 57 km/hr (Nowak, 1983).
In the dry season, the pastures diminish and the buffalo move toward water or a depression in the ground and feed off of low nutrient grass.
  More results at FactBites »



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