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Encyclopedia > African Blackwood
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African Blackwood
Conservation status: Near threatened (LR/nt)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus: Dalbergia
Species: D. melanoxylon
Binomial name
Dalbergia melanoxylon
Guill. & Perr.

African Blackwood or Mpingo (Dalbergia melanoxylon) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the Transvaal in South Africa. The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species continuing to survive. ... Scientific classification or biological classification is how biologists group and categorize extinct and living species of organisms (as opposed to folk taxonomy). ... Divisions Green algae land plants (embryophytes) non-vascular embryophytes Hepatophyta - liverworts Anthocerophyta - hornworts Bryophyta - mosses vascular plants (tracheophytes) seedless vascular plants Lycopodiophyta - clubmosses Equisetophyta - horsetails Pteridophyta - true ferns Psilotophyta - whisk ferns Ophioglossophyta - adderstongue ferns seed plants (spermatophytes) †Pteridospermatophyta - seed ferns Pinophyta - conifers Cycadophyta - cycads Ginkgophyta - ginkgo Gnetophyta - gnetae Magnoliophyta - flowering... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families Fabaceae (legumes) Quillajaceae Polygalaceae (milkwort family) Surianaceae The Fabales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Subfamilies Faboideae Caesalpinioideae Mimosoideae References GRIN-CA 2002-09-01 The name Fabaceae belongs to either of two families, depending on viewpoint. ... Tribes Abreae Adesmieae Aeschynomeneae Amorpheae Bossiaeeae Brongniartieae Carmichaelieae Cicereae Crotalarieae Dalbergieae Desmodieae Dipterygeae Euchresteae Galegeae Genisteae Hedysareae Indigofereae Liparieae Loteae Millettieae Mirbelieae Phaseoleae Podalyrieae Psoraleeae Robinieae Sophoreae Swartzieae Thermopsideae Trifolieae Vicieae Faboideae is a subfamily of the flowering plant family Fabaceae or Leguminosae. ... Species See text Dalbergia is a large genus of small to medium-size trees, shrubs and lianas in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. ... In biology, binomial nomenclature is the formal method of naming species. ... Classes Magnoliopsida- Dicots Liliopsida- Monocots The flowering plants (also called angiosperms) are a major group of land plants. ... Subfamilies Faboideae Caesalpinioideae Mimosoideae References GRIN-CA 2002-09-01 The name Fabaceae belongs to either of two families, depending on viewpoint. ... Africa is the worlds second-largest and second-most populous continent, after Asia. ... Flag of Transvaal The Transvaal (lit. ...


It is a small tree, reaching 4-15 m tall, with grey bark and spiny shoots. The leaves are deciduous in the dry season, alternate, 6-22 cm long, pinnate, with 6-9 alternately arranged leaflets. The flowers are white, produced in dense clusters. The fruit is a pod 3-7 cm long, containing one to two seeds. The coniferous Coast Redwood, the tallest tree species on earth. ... Bark is the outermost layer of stems and roots of woody plants such as trees. ... Raised thorns on the stem of the wait-a-bit climber Thorns on rose stems A spine is a rigid, pointed surface protuberance or needle-like structure on an animal, shell, or plant, presumably serving as a defense against attack by predators. ... The leaves of a Beech tree A leaf with laminar structure and pinnate venation In botany, a leaf is an above-ground plant organ specialized for photosynthesis. ... Deciduous means temporary or tending to fall off (deriving from the Latin word decidere, to fall off). ... The dry season is a term commonly used when describing the weather in the tropics. ... Clivia miniata right hereflowers. ... Fruit stall in Barcelona, Catalonia. ... Varieties of soybean seeds, a popular legume Pea pods The term legume has two closely related meanings in botany, a situation encountered with many botanical common names of useful plants, whereby an applied name can refer to either the plant itself, or to the edible fruit (or useful part). ... A ripe red jalapeno cut open to show the seeds For other uses, see Seed (disambiguation). ...

Contents


Uses

The dense, lustrous wood ranges from reddish to pure black. It is generally cut into small billets or logs with its sharply demarcated bright yellow white sapwood left on to assist in the slow drying so as to prevent cracks developing. Good quality "A" grade African Blackwood commands high prices on the commercial timber market. The tonal qualities of African Blackwood are particularly valued when used in woodwind instruments, principally clarinets, oboes and Northumbrian pipes. Furniture makers from the time of the Egyptians have valued this timber. A story states that it has been even been used as ballast in trading ships and that some enterprising Northumbrian pipe makers used old discarded Blackwood ballast to great effect. WOOD is a pair of radio stations in Grand Rapids, Michigan owned by Clear Channel on the frequencies of 1300 AM and 105. ...


Due to overuse, the mpingo tree is now commerically extinct in Kenya and severely threatened in Tanzania and Mozambique. The trees are being harvested at an unsustainable rate, partly because the tree takes 70-100 years to mature.


Relation to other woods

  • These days African Blackwood is no longer regarded as being ebony, a name now reserved for a limited number of timbers yielded by the genus Diospyros; these are more of a matt appearance and are more brittle.
  • The genus Dalbergia yields other famous timbers such as rosewood, tulipwood and cocobolo.

Binomial name Diospyros ebenum Koenig ex Retz. ... Species 450-500; see text Diospyros is a genus (including what used to be Maba) of about 450-500 species of deciduous and evergreen trees. ... Species See text Dalbergia is a large genus of small to medium-size trees, shrubs and lianas in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. ... Rosewood refers to a number of richly hued timbers, brownish with darker veining. ... Tulipwood, also Brazilian tulipwood is a classic high-quality wood, very dense with a lovely figure. ... Cocobolo is a hardwood from Central America yielded by two to four closely related species of the genus Dalbergia. ...

Names

Other names by which the tree is known include babanus and grenadilla, which appear as loanwords in various local Englishes. A loanword is a word directly taken into one language from another with little or no translation. ...


References and external links

  • World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). Dalbergia melanoxylon. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. Downloaded on 11 May 2006.
  • ARKive - http://www.arkive.org/species/GES/plants_and_algae/Dalbergia_melanoxylon/ images and movies of the African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon)]
  • FAO factsheet
  • Winrock Forestry factsheet
  • Global Trees factsheet
  • Mpingo conservation
  • Some facts about the wood

  Results from FactBites:
 
African Blackwood - Dalbergia melanoxylon (634 words)
African flwood is reported to occur extensively in the savannah areas in Africa, from Sudan southward to Mozambique, westward to Angola, and northward to Nigeria and Senegal.
African flwood is reported to respond to tapping for screw threads almost as well as metals.
African flwood is reported to be superior to Ebony for the manufacture of woodwind instruments because of its oily nature and high tolerance to fluctuations in climatic conditions.
African Blackwood - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (356 words)
African Blackwood or Mpingo (Dalbergia melanoxylon) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the Transvaal in South Africa.
The tonal qualities of African Blackwood are particularly valued when used in woodwind instruments, principally clarinets, oboes and Northumbrian pipes.
These days African Blackwood is no longer regarded as being ebony, a name now reserved for a limited number of timbers yielded by the genus Diospyros; these are more of a matt appearance and are more brittle.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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