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Encyclopedia > Afonso III of Portugal
Portuguese Royalty
House of Burgundy

Afonso Henriques (Afonso I)
Children include
   Princess Urraca
   Prince Sancho
   Princess Teresa
Sancho I
Children include
   Princess Teresa
   Princess Sancha
   Princess Constance
   Prince Afonso
   Peter, Count of Urgell
   Prince Ferdinand
   Branca, lady of Guadalajara
   Princess Berengária
   Princess Mafalda
Afonso II
Children include
   Prince Sancho
   Prince Afonso
   Princess Leonor
   Prince Ferdinand
Sancho II
Afonso III
Children include
   Princess Branca
   Prince Denis
   Prince Afonso
   Princess Maria
   Princess Sancha
Denis
Children include
   Princess Constance
   Prince Afonso
Afonso IV
Children include
   Princess Maria
   Prince Peter
   Princess Leonor
Peter I
Children include
   Princess Maria
   Prince Ferdinand
   (Princess) Beatrice
   (Prince) John
   (Prince) Denis
   John, Master of Aviz (natural son)
Ferdinand I
Children include
   Princess Beatrice

Afonso III of Portugal (Portuguese pron. IPA /ɐ.'fõ.su/; English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), the Bolognian (Port. o Bolonhês) or the Brave (Port. o Bravo), the fifth king of Portugal (May 5, 1210 in CoimbraFebruary 16, 1279 in Alcobaça, Coimbra or Lisbon). He was the second son of King Afonso II of Portugal and his wife, Urraca of Castile; he succeeded his brother, King Sancho II of Portugal in 1247. The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag of Portugal 1185 - 1248 File links The following pages link to this file: Flag of Portugal ... Afonso I of Portugal (English Alphonzo), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques (pron. ... Urraca of Portugal (Coimbra, 1151–1188), was a Portuguese Princess, daughter of Afonso I, King of Portugal. ... Sancho I of Portugal, known as the Populator (Port. ... Princess Teresa of Portugal was the third daughter of Portuguese King Afonso Henriques. ... Sancho I of Portugal, known as the Populator (Port. ... Teresa of Portugal (Coimbra, 1181 – Lorvão, June 18, 1250), also known as Tarasia of Portugal and later as Infanta-Rainha (Eng. ... Princess Sancha of Portugal was the second daughter of King Sancho I of Portugal. ... Constance, princess of Portugal (Port. ... Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. ... Peter, Count of Urgell (Spanish and Port. ... Ferdinand, prince of Portugal (Port. ... Branca, Princess of Portugal, Lady of Guadalajara was one of many daughters of Portuguese King Sancho I. Little is known about Princess Branca. ... Berengária, princess of Portugal was Queen consort of Denmark, fifth daughter of Portuguese King Sancho I, wife of Danish King Valdemar II and mother of Danish Kings Eric IV, Abel and Christopher I. She was born c. ... Mafalda, princess of Portugal, Queen of Castile for a brief period, was the second youngest daughter of Portuguese King Sancho I. She was born c. ... Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Leonor, Princess of Portugal (English: Eleanor) - (1211-1231) was the only daughter of Portuguese King Afonso II. She was Queen of Denmark by marriage with Danish King Waldemar, son of Valdemar II, in 1229. ... Ferdinand of Portugal or Fernando in Portuguese as a Portuguese Prince son of Afonso II, King of Portugal and his wife Urraca of Castile, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Branca of Portugal, Abess of the Convent of Huelgas was a Portuguese Princess daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... Afonso of Portugal (English: Alphonzo), Lord of Portalegre was a Portuguese Prince son of List of Portuguese monarchs Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... Maria of Portugal was a Portuguese Princess daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... Sancha of Portugal was a Portuguese daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... Constance (Portuguese: Constança), Princess of Portugal was a daughter of Portuguese King Denis. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin), (February 8, 1291 – May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Maria (English: Mary), Princess of Portugal was the first daughter of Portuguese King Afonso IV. She was born in 1313 and became Queen of Castile by marriage to Alfonso XI in 1328. ... Pedro I of Portugal (April 8, 1320 – January 18, 1367) was the eighth king of Portugal (in English, Peter I), known as the Cruel (not to be confused with Pedro I of Castile, also known as Pedro the Cruel) or as the Lawful (Port. ... Leonor (English: Eleanor), Princess of Portugal, was the youngest daughter of Portuguese King Afonso IV. She was born 1328 and became Queen of Aragon by marriage to Peter IV in 1347. ... Pedro I of Portugal (April 8, 1320 – January 18, 1367) was the eighth king of Portugal (in English, Peter I), known as the Cruel (not to be confused with Pedro I of Castile, also known as Pedro the Cruel) or as the Lawful (Port. ... Maria (English: Mary), Princess of Portugal was the first daughter of Portuguese King Peter I. Maria was born in Évora on April 6, 1342. ... Fernando I (pron. ... Beatrice of Portugal was the daughter of Portuguese King Peter I and a Castilian noblewoman called Inês de Castro that had arrived in Portugal as a maid of princess Constance of Castile, recently married to Pedro I (Prince at the time). ... Prince John (1349-1387) was the son of Portuguese King Peter I and a Castilian noblewoman named Inês de Castro that had arrived in Portugal as a maid of princess Constance of Castile, recently married to Pedro I (Prince at the time). ... Prince Denis (Portuguese: Dinis; Archaic Portuguese: Diniz) - (1354-1397) was the son of Portuguese King Peter I and a Castilian noblewoman named Inês de Castro that had arrived in Portugal as a maid of princess Constance of Castile, recently married to Pedro I (Prince at the time). ... João I (pron. ... Fernando I (pron. ... Princess Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese, (1372, Coimbra-1410) was the only daughter of king Fernando I of Portugal and his wife, the Castilian Leonor Telles de Menezes. ... Pronunciation refers to: the way a word or a language is usually spoken; the manner in which someone utters a word. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Portuguese-Galician (in Portuguese and Galician is known as Galaico-Português) was a Iberian Romance language, spoken in the Middle Ages, in the western area of the Iberian Peninsula. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Portuguese ( (help· info)) is an Iberian Romance language originated in Portugal and Galicia, which is now the main language also of Angola, Brazil, Mozambique, Cape Verde and several other African and Asian nations, and an important second language in many other countries. ... Portuguese ( (help· info)) is an Iberian Romance language originated in Portugal and Galicia, which is now the main language also of Angola, Brazil, Mozambique, Cape Verde and several other African and Asian nations, and an important second language in many other countries. ... History of Portugal series Prehistoric Portugal Pre-Roman Portugal Roman Lusitania and Gallaecia Visigoths and Suevi Moorish rule and Reconquista First County of Portugal Kingdom of Galicia and Portugal Second County of Portugal Establishment of the Monarchy Consolidation of the Monarchy 1383–1385 Crisis Discoveries Portuguese Empire 1580 Crisis Iberian... May 5 is the 125th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (126th in leap years). ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Tsuchimikado, emperor of Japan Emperor Juntoku ascends to the throne of Japan Otto IV, Holy Roman Emperor excommunicated by Pope Innocent III for invading southern Italy in 1210 Gottfried von Strassburg writes his epic poem Tristan about 1210 Beginning of Delhi Sultanate Births... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... February 16 is the 47th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Coat of Arms Alcobaça is in the district of Leiria, in Portugal (though formerly included in the province of Estremadura), on the Alcoa and Baça rivers, from which it derives its name. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... District Lisbon Mayor   - Party Carmona Rodrigues PSD Area 84. ... Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. ... Urraca of Castile (1082 - March 8, 1126) was Queen of Castile and León from 1109 to her death. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Events Shams ad-Din disappears resulting in Jalal Uddin Rumi writing 30,000 verses of poetry about his disappearance. ...

Image:AfonsoIII-P.jpg

As the second son of King Afonso II of Portugal, Afonso was not expected to inherit the throne, which was destined to go to his brother Sancho. He lived mostly in France, were he married Matilda, the heiress of Boulogne, in 1238, thereby becoming Count of Boulogne. In 1246, conflicts between his brother, the king, and the church became unbearable. Pope Innocent IV then ordered Sancho II to be removed from the throne and be replaced by the Count of Boulogne. Afonso, of course, did not refuse the papal order and marched to Portugal. Since Sancho was not a popular king, the order was not hard to enforce; he was exiled to Castile and Afonso III became king in 1247. To ascend the throne, he abdicated from the county of Boulogne and later (1253) divorced Matilda. In 1253 he married Brites (Beatrix), an illegitimate daughter of King Alfonso X of Castile. Determined not to commit the same mistakes as his brother, Afonso III paid special attention to what the middle class composed of merchants and small land owners had to say. In 1254, in the city of Leiria, he held the first session of the Cortes, a general assembly, comprised of the nobility, the middle class and representatives of all municipalities. He also made laws intended to restrain the upper classes from abusing the least favoured part of the population. Remembered as a notable administrator, Afonso III founded several towns, granted the title of city to many others and reorganized public administration. Picture of king Afonso III of Portugal. ... Boulogne is the name of several communes in France: Boulogne in the Vendée département Boulogne-Billancourt, in the Hauts-de-Seine département Boulogne-sur-Mer, in the Pas_de_Calais département This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Events In the Iberian peninsula, James I of Aragon captures the city of Valencia September 28 from the Moors; the Moors retreat to Granada. ... Boulogne-sur-Mer became the centre of the County of Boulogne in the 9th century. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Saga, emperor of Japan. ... Innocent IV, born Sinibaldo de Fieschi (Genoa, ca. ... A former kingdom of modern day Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Events Shams ad-Din disappears resulting in Jalal Uddin Rumi writing 30,000 verses of poetry about his disappearance. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Alfonso X and his court. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Coat of Arms Leiria (pron. ... The Cortes Generales (English: General Courts) is the Spanish legislature. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...

Statue of Afonso III in Faro.
Statue of Afonso III in Faro.

Secure on the throne, Afonso III then proceeded to make war with the Muslim communities that still thrived in the south. In his reign the Algarve became part of the kingdom following the capture of Faro—Portugal thus becoming the first Iberian kingdom to complete its Reconquista. Following his success against the Moors, Afonso III had to deal with a political situation arising from the borders with Castile. The neighbouring kingdom considered that the newly acquired lands of Algarve should be Castilian, not Portuguese, which led to a series of wars between the countries. Finally, in 1267, a treaty was signed in Badajoz, determining that the southern border between Castile and Portugal should be the River Guadiana, as it is today. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wall entrance City Hall The Hermitage of Nossa Senhora do Pé da Cruz Statue of King Afonso III Governo Civil Igreja da Sé (main church) Faros Island Faros Marina The old mercy/church and hospital in Faro Faro is both a city and a district in southern Portugal. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Algarve The Algarve (pron. ... Wall entrance City Hall The Hermitage of Nossa Senhora do Pé da Cruz Statue of King Afonso III Governo Civil Igreja da Sé (main church) Faros Island Faros Marina The old mercy/church and hospital in Faro Faro is both a city and a district in southern Portugal. ... For other uses, see Reconquista (disambiguation). ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... Badajoz (formerly Badajos), the capital of the Spanish province of Badajoz in the autonomous community of Extremadura, is situated close to the Portuguese frontier, on the left bank of the river Guadiana, and the Madrid-Lisbon railway. ... Guadiana (Latin Anas, Spanish Guadiana, Portuguese Guadiana) - one of the major rivers of Spain, part of it is the border with Portugal, ends in the Atlantic Ocean. ...


Afonso's marriages and descendants

Afonso's first wife was Matilda II of Boulogne, daughter of Renaud, Count of Dammartin, and Ida of Boulogne. She had two sons but both died young (Roberto and an unnamed one). He divorced Matilda in 1253 and in the same year married Beatrix of Castile, illegitimate daughter of Alfonso X, King of Castile, and Maria de Guzman. Matilda II of Boulogne was sovereign Countess of Boulogne from 1216 to ca. ... Ida of Boulogne (c. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Alfonso X and his court. ... This is a list of kings and queens of Castile. ...

Name Birth Death Notes
By Matilda II of Boulogne (c. 1202-1262; married in 1216)
Robert 1239 1239  
By Beatrix of Castile (1242-1303; married in 1253)
Branca February 25, 1259 April 17, 1321 Abbess of the Convent of Huelgas
Ferdinand 1260 1262  
Denis October 9, 1261 January 7, 1325 Succeeded him as 6th King of Portugal; Married Princess Isabel of Aragon
Afonso February 8, 1263 November 2, 1312 Lord of Portalegre. Married to Princess Violante Manoel of Castile (daughter of Juan Manuel of Castile)
Sancha February 2, 1264 c. 1302  
Maria November 21, 1264 June 6, 1304 Nun at the Convent of Saint John in Coimbra
Constance 1266 1271  
Vincent 1268 1271  
By Madragana (Mor Afonso) (c. 1230-?)
Martim Afonso Chichorro c. 1250 a. 1313 Natural son; Married Inês Lourenço de Valadres.
Urraca Afonso c. 1260 ? Natural daughter; Married twice: 1st to D. Pedro Anes de Riba Vizela, 2nd to João Mendes de Briteiros
By Maria Peres de Enxara (?-?)
Afonso Dinis c. 1260 a. 1310 Natural son; Married to D. Maria Pais Ribeira, Lady of the House of Sousa.
Other natural offspring
Leonor Afonso c. 1250 1291 Natural daughter. Married twice: 1st to D. Estevão Anes de Sousa (without issue), 2nd to D. Gonçalo Garcia de Sousa, Count of of Neiva (without issue).
Gil Afonso 1250 December 31, 1346 Natural son; Gentleman of the Order do Hospital.
Fernando Afonso ? ? Natural son; Gentleman of the Order do Hospital.
Rodrigo Afonso 1258 about May 12, 1272 Natural son; Prior of the city of Santarem.
Leonor Afonso (nun) ? 1259 Natural daughter; Nun in the Monastery of Santa Clara of Santarem.
Urraca Afonso 1250 November 4, 1281 Natural daughter; Nun in the Monastery of Lorvao.
Henrique Afonso ? ? Natural son; Married to Inês (last name unknown).

Matilda II of Boulogne was sovereign Countess of Boulogne from 1216 to ca. ... // Events August 1 - Arthur of Brittany captured in Mirebeau, north of Poitiers Beginning of the Fourth Crusade. ... Events Strasbourg becomes a Free City of the Holy Roman Empire First Visconti become the lord of Iceland swear fealty to the king of Norway, bringing an end to the Icelandic Commonwealth Births Ladislaus IV of Hungary Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona... 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For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... Branca of Portugal, Abess of the Convent of Huelgas was a Portuguese Princess daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... February 25 is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... Events Births September 29 - John of Artois, Count of Eu, French soldier (d. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan Emperor Kameyama ascends to the throne of Japan September 3 - Mongols defeated by Mameluks at Battle of Ain Jalut Samogatians and Curonians defeats Teutonic knights in Battle of Durbe Births Maximus Planudes, Byzantine grammarian and theologian Deaths Monarchs/Presidents... Events Strasbourg becomes a Free City of the Holy Roman Empire First Visconti become the lord of Iceland swear fealty to the king of Norway, bringing an end to the Icelandic Commonwealth Births Ladislaus IV of Hungary Deaths Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona... Dinis of Portugal (in English Denis), the Farmer, sixth king of Portugal, was born in October 9, 1261 and died in January 7, 1325 in Santarém. ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (283rd in Leap years). ... Events July 25 - Constantinople re-captured by Nicaean forces under the command of Michael VIII Palaeologus, Byzantine Empire re-formed August 29 - Urban IV becomes Pope, the last man to do so without being a Cardinal first Bela IV of Hungary repels Tatar invasion Charles of Anjou given rule of... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Muhammed Tughlaq succeeds his father Ghiyas al-Din Tughlaq as Sultan of Delhi. ... This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Castile in 1139, to the beginning of the Republic in October 5, 1910. ... Afonso of Portugal (English: Alphonzo), Lord of Portalegre was a Portuguese Prince son of List of Portuguese monarchs Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... February 8 is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events Detmold, Germany was founded. ... November 2 is the 306th day of the year (307th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 59 days remaining. ... Events June 15 : Battle near Rozgoni Battle near Thebes Siege of Rostock begins Births November 13 - King Edward III of England Deaths June 19 - Piers Gaveston, favourite of Edward II of England September 7 - King Ferdinand IV of Castile Categories: 1312 ... Portalegre is a city in Portugal. ... Two Castilian Infantes (Princes), father and son, wore this name. ... Sancha of Portugal was a Portuguese daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events May 12 - The Battle of Lewes begins (ends May 14). ... Events July 11 - Battle of the Golden Spurs (Guldensporenslag in Dutch), major victory of Flanders over the French occupier. ... Maria of Portugal was a Portuguese Princess daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... November 21 is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Events May 12 - The Battle of Lewes begins (ends May 14). ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... Events 20 July - Fall of Stirling Castle: Edward I of England takes the last rebel stronghold in the Wars of Scottish Independence. ... The Santa Cruz Monastery, (english: Holy Cross Monastery, portuguese: Mosteiro de Santa Cruz) is a National Monument in Coimbra, Portugal. ... District Coimbra Mayor   - Party Carlos Encarnação PSD Area 316. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... Madragana Ben Bakar, commonly kown just as Madragana, later known as Mor Afonso, was born circa 1230 in Faro, Portugal to Aloandro Ben Bekar (or Bakr), governor of Faro and an unknown lady. ... Events Kingdom of Leon unites with the Kingdom of Castile. ... 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Events December 13 - Death of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor Louis IX of France is captured by Muslims and has to ransom himself Mabinogion appears Albertus Magnus isolates the element arsenic Vincent of Beauvais writes proto-encyclopedic The Greater Mirror City of Stockholm founded Alphonso III of Portugal takes Algarve... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... // Events Serbian Empire was proclaimed in Skopje by Dusan Silni, occupying much of the South-Eastern Europe Foundation of the University of Valladolid Foundation of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge August 26 Battle of Crecy after which Edward the Black Prince honored the bravery of John I, Count of Luxemburg... For broader historical context, see 1250s and 13th century. ... May 12 is the 132nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (133rd in leap years). ... For broader historical context, see 1270s and 13th century. ... 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See also

Kings of Portugal family tree This is a collection of family trees concerning the Portuguese Royal family. ...


References

  • This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, a publication in the public domain.
Preceded by:
Sancho II
King of Portugal
12481279
Succeeded by:
Denis

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