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Encyclopedia > Afonso II of Portugal
Portuguese Royalty
House of Burgundy

Afonso Henriques (Afonso I)
Children include
   Princess Urraca
   Prince Sancho
   Princess Teresa
Sancho I
Children include
   Princess Teresa
   Princess Sancha
   Princess Constance
   Prince Afonso
   Peter, Count of Urgell
   Prince Ferdinand
   Branca, lady of Guadalajara
   Princess Berengária
   Princess Mafalda
Afonso II
Children include
   Prince Sancho
   Prince Afonso
   Princess Leonor
   Prince Ferdinand
Sancho II
Afonso III
Children include
   Princess Branca
   Prince Denis
   Prince Afonso
   Princess Maria
   Princess Sancha
Denis
Children include
   Princess Constance
   Prince Afonso
Afonso IV
Children include
   Princess Maria
   Prince Peter
   Princess Leonor
Peter I
Children include
   Princess Maria
   Prince Ferdinand
   (Princess) Beatrice
   (Prince) John
   (Prince) Denis
   John, Master of Aviz (natural son)
Ferdinand I
Children include
   Princess Beatrice
Afonso II of Portugal

Afonso II of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), known as the Fat (Port. o Gordo), third king of Portugal, was born in Coimbra in April 23, 1185 and died in March 25, 1223 in the same city. He was the second but eldest surviving son of Sancho I of Portugal by his wife, Dulce of Barcelona, princess of Aragon. Afonso succeeded his father in 1212. The House of Burgundy (or Afonsine House) was the first dynasty of Kings of Portugal. ... Image File history File links Authorization granted by FOTW. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Afonso I of Portugal (English Alphonzo), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques, or also Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), (Guimarães, 1109, traditionally July 25 – Coimbra, 1185 December 6), also known as the Conqueror ( Port. ... Urraca of Portugal (Coimbra, 1151–1188), was a Portuguese Princess, daughter of Afonso I, King of Portugal. ... Sancho I of Portugal, known as the Populator (Port. ... Princess Teresa of Portugal was the third daughter of Portuguese King Afonso Henriques. ... Sancho I of Portugal, known as the Populator (Port. ... Teresa of Portugal (Coimbra, 1181 – Lorvão, June 18, 1250), also known as Tarasia of Portugal and later as Infanta-Rainha (Eng. ... Princess Sancha of Portugal was the second daughter of King Sancho I of Portugal. ... Constance, princess of Portugal (Port. ... Peter, Count of Urgell (Spanish and Port. ... Ferdinand, prince of Portugal (Port. ... Branca, Princess of Portugal, Lady of Guadalajara was one of many daughters of Portuguese King Sancho I. Little is known about Princess Branca. ... Berengária, princess of Portugal was Queen consort of Denmark, fifth daughter of Portuguese King Sancho I, wife of Danish King Valdemar II and mother of Danish Kings Eric IV, Abel and Christopher I. She was born c. ... Mafalda, princess of Portugal, Queen of Castile for a brief period, was the second youngest daughter of Portuguese King Sancho I. She was born c. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Afonso III of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), the Bolognian (Port. ... Leonor, Princess of Portugal (English: Eleanor) - (1211-1231) was the only daughter of Portuguese King Afonso II. She was Queen of Denmark by marriage with Danish King Waldemar, son of Valdemar II, in 1229. ... Ferdinand of Portugal or Fernando in Portuguese as a Portuguese Prince son of Afonso II, King of Portugal and his wife Urraca of Castile, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Afonso III of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), the Bolognian (Port. ... Branca of Portugal, Abess of the Convent of Huelgas was a Portuguese Princess daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... Afonso of Portugal (English: Alphonzo), Lord of Portalegre was a Portuguese Prince son of List of Portuguese monarchs Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... Maria of Portugal was a Portuguese Princess daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... Sancha of Portugal was a Portuguese daughter of King Afonso III and his second wife Beatrice of Castile. ... Dinis of Portugal (in archaic Portuguese Diniz; in English Denis), the Farmer (Port. ... Constance (Portuguese: Constança), Princess of Portugal was a daughter of Portuguese King Denis. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), (February 8, 1291 - May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Afonso IV of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), (February 8, 1291 - May 28, 1357), known as the Brave (Port. ... Maria (English: Mary), Princess of Portugal was the first daughter of Portuguese King Afonso IV. She was born in 1313 and became Queen of Castile by marriage to Alfonso XI in 1328. ... Pedro I of Portugal, eighth king of Portugal (in English, Peter I), known as the Cruel (not to be confused with Pedro I of Castile, also known as Pedro the Cruel) or as the Lawful (Port. ... Leonor (English: Eleanor), Princess of Portugal, was the youngest daughter of Portuguese King Afonso IV. She was born 1328 and became Queen of Aragon by marriage to Peter IV in 1347. ... Pedro I of Portugal, eighth king of Portugal (in English, Peter I), known as the Cruel (not to be confused with Pedro I of Castile, also known as Pedro the Cruel) or as the Lawful (Port. ... Maria (English: Mary), Princess of Portugal was the first daughter of Portuguese King Peter I. Maria was born in Évora on April 6, 1342. ... Fernando I, ninth king of Portugal (Eng. ... Beatrice of Portugal was the daughter of Portuguese King Peter I and a Castilian noblewoman called Inês de Castro that had arrived in Portugal as a maid of princess Constance of Castile, recently married to Pedro I (Prince at the time). ... Prince John (1349-1387) was the son of Portuguese King Peter I and a Castilian noblewoman named Inês de Castro that had arrived in Portugal as a maid of princess Constance of Castile, recently married to Pedro I (Prince at the time). ... Prince Denis (Portuguese: Dinis; Archaic Portuguese: Diniz) - (1354-1397) was the son of Portuguese King Peter I and a Castilian noblewoman named Inês de Castro that had arrived in Portugal as a maid of princess Constance of Castile, recently married to Pedro I (Prince at the time). ... João I, tenth king of Portugal (in English, John I) (the Good or sometimes, the Great or even the One With Good Memory), was born in Lisbon on April 11, 1357 and died in the same city on August 14, 1433. ... Fernando I, ninth king of Portugal (Eng. ... Princess Beatrice of Portugal, Beatriz in Portuguese, (1372, Coimbra-1410) was the only daughter of king Fernando I of Portugal and his wife, the Castilian Leonor Telles de Menezes. ... Picture of king Afonso II of Portugal. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Portuguese-Galician (in Portuguese and Galician is known as Galaico-Português) was a Iberian Romance language, spoken in the Middle Ages, in the western area of the Iberian Peninsula. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Portuguese (português) is a Romance language predominantly spoken in Angola, Brazil, Cape Verde, East Timor, Guinea Bissau, Macao Special Administrative Region of China, Mozambique, Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe and also in the former Portuguese India, Goa, Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli in India . ... Afonso Henriques was the first King of Portugal. ... Coimbra is a city and the capital of the district of Coimbra in Portugal. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Events April 25 - Genpei War - Sea Battle of Dan-no-ura leads to Minamoto victory in Japan Templars settle in London and begin the building of New Temple Church End of the Heian Period and beginning of the Kamakura period in Japan. ... March 25 is the 84th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (85th in leap years). ... Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ... Sancho I of Portugal, known as the Populator (Port. ... // Events The first Great Fire of London burns most of the city to the ground Battle of Navas de Tolosa Childrens crusade Crusaders push the Muslims out of northern Spain In Japan, Kamo no Chōmei writes the Hōjōki, one of the great works of classical Japanese...


As a king, Afonso II set a different approach of government. Hitherto, Sancho I his father and Afonso I his grandfather, were mostly concerned with military issues either against the neighbouring Castile or against the Moors in the South. Afonso II did not pursue territory enlargement policies and managed to insure peace with Castile during his reign. Despite this, some towns, like Alcácer do Sal in 1217, were conquered from the Moors by the particular initiative of noblemen. This does not mean that he was a weak or somehow cowardly man. The first years of his reign were marked instead by internal disturbances between the Afonso II and his brothers and sisters. The king managed to keep security within Portuguese borders only by outlawing and exiling his kin. Afonso I of Portugal (English Alphonzo), more commonly known as Afonso Henriques, or also Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), (Guimarães, 1109, traditionally July 25 – Coimbra, 1185 December 6), also known as the Conqueror ( Port. ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Coat of Arms Alcácer do Sal is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 1465. ... Events April 9 - Peter of Courtenay crowned emperor of the Latin Empire of Constantinople at Rome, by Pope Honorius III May 20 - First Barons War, royalist victory at Lincoln. ...


Since military issues were not a government priority, Afonso II established the state's administration and centralized power on himself. He designed the first set of Portuguese written laws. These were mainly concerned with private property, civil justice and minting. Afonso II also sent ambassadors to European kingdoms outside the Iberian Peninsula and began amiable commercial relations with most of them.


Other reforms included the always delicate matters with the pope. In order to get the independence of Portugal recognized by the popes, his grandfather, Afonso I, had to legislate an enormous amount of privileges to the Church. These eventually created a state within the state. With Portugal position as a country firmly established, Afonso II endeavoured to weaken the power of the clergy and to apply a portion of the enormous revenues of the Catholic church to purposes of national utility. This actions led to a serious diplomatic conflict between the pope and Portugal. After being excommunicated for his audacities by Pope Honorius III, Afonso II promised to make amends to the church, but he died in 1223 before doing any serious attempts to it. The Roman Catholic Church believes its founding was based on Jesus appointment of Saint Peter as the primary church leader, later Bishop of Rome. ... Excommunication is religious censure which is used to deprive or suspend membership in a religious community. ... Honorius III, né Cencio Savelli (1148 – March 18, 1227), was pope from 1216 to 1227. ... Events August 6 - Louis VIII is crowned King of France. ...


Afonso's descendents

See also: Kings of Portugal family tree Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Afonso III of Portugal (English Alphonzo), or Affonso (Archaic Portuguese), Alfonso or Alphonso (Portuguese-Galician) or Alphonsus (Latin version), the Bolognian (Port. ... Leonor, Princess of Portugal (English: Eleanor) - (1211-1231) was the only daughter of Portuguese King Afonso II. She was Queen of Denmark by marriage with Danish King Waldemar, son of Valdemar II, in 1229. ... Valdemar III of Denmark (Waldemar III) (1314 - 1364) was a king of Denmark from 1326 to 1329 briefly when underage, as well as in 1325-26 and 1330-64 Dke of Schleswig. ... Ferdinand of Portugal or Fernando in Portuguese as a Portuguese Prince son of Afonso II, King of Portugal and his wife Urraca of Castile, daughter of Alfonso VII of Castile. ... Coat of Arms Serpa is a municipality in Portugal with a total area of 1104. ... This is a collection of family trees concerning the Portuguese Royal family. ...

Preceded by:
Sancho I
King of Portugal Succeeded by:
Sancho II

This article incorporates text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, which is in the public domain. Sancho I of Portugal, known as the Populator (Port. ... Afonso Henriques was the first King of Portugal. ... Sancho II of Portugal, the Pious (Port. ... Supporters contend that the Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1911) represents the sum of human knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century; indeed, it was advertised as such. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Afonso II of Portugal Biography (409 words)
Afonso II of Portugal, known as the Fat, third king of Portugal, was born in Coimbra in April 23, 1185 and died in March 25, 1233 in the same city.
Afonso II did not pursue territory enlargement policies and managed to insure peace with Castile during his reign.
With Portugal position as a country firmly established, Afonso II endeavoured to weaken the power of the clergy and to apply a portion of the enormous revenues of the Catholic church to purposes of national utility.
D.Sancho II of Portugal - encyclopedia article about D.Sancho II of Portugal. (2024 words)
Princess Berengária Berengária, Princess of Portugal was Queen Consort of Denmark, fifth daughter of Portuguese King Sancho I, wife of Danish King Valdemar II and mother of Danish Kings Eric IV, Abel and Christopher I. She was born c.
Princess Mafalda Mafalda, princess of Portugal, Queen of Castile for a brief period, was the second youngest daughter of Portuguese King Sancho I. She was born c.
Afonso was born on February 8 1263 and in 1287 married Violante of Castile, daughter of Castilian Prince Juan Manuel of Castile.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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