Afforestation is the process of converting open land into a forest by planting trees or their seeds. The term may also be applied to the legal conversion of land into the status of royal forest. A royal forest has been a concept of land management England since the late eleventh century. ...
Since the industrial revolution many countries have experienced centuries of deforestation, and governments and Non-governmental organisations (NGO's) directly engage in programs of reafforestation (the restocking of existing forests and woodlands which have been depleted, with native tree stock) and also in supporting private and semi-private enterprise in programs of afforestation (the planting of renewable tree stocks for harvesting as lumber or firewood). A Watt steam engine. ... Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, pasture, urban use, logged area or wasteland. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill Lumber or Timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for useâfrom the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial useâas structural material for construction... Wood burning is the largest current use of biomass derived energy. ...
Aside from commercial purposes, afforestation is also undertaken by government and other authorities to create recreational woodland. Limber Pine woodland, Toiyabe Range, central Nevada Biologically, a woodland is a treed area differentiated from a forest. ...
The nation of Israel has been the world leader in afforestation. It is the only country in the world that has more forest now than it had 100 years ago. 
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Categories: Ecology stubs | Forestry A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, pasture, urban use, logged area or wasteland. ... Biodiversity on a 15-year-old reforested plot of land. ... Image File history File links File links The following pages link to this file: Ecological succession ... Ernst Haeckel coined the term oekologie in 1866. ...
Afforestation has been successful in general, it is true, but certainly many failures could have been avoided if more information on the biology of mycorrhizal fungi and the ecology of their symbiotic association had been available.
Although afforestation trials failed in numerous countries before the introduction of mycorrhizal inoculum, there still remains the possibility that some potential mycorrhiza-formers were present, but that they were either inefficient symbionts or in an inactive state.
In the face of their tremendous afforestation programmes, developing countries are in urgent need of research in order to obtain a, reliable scientific foundation for practical work and to guarantee its successful outcome.
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