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Demographics of the Philippines


  South Asians
  Jews The Ilocano people are the third largest Filipino ethnic group. ... Igorot (Ĭgerōt´, Ä“ge-) , general name for the people of the Cordillera region, in the Philippines island of Luzon. ... The Kapampangans are the seventh largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Pangasinense people are the eighth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Sambal people, also spelled Zambal form one of the most important Filipino ethnicities. ... The Tagalogs are the largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Bicolanos are the fifth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... There are about nine indigenous Ethnic Groups in Palawan. ... The Hiligaynon people, or HIligaynons, are the indigenous inhabitants of the large coastal plain if East Panay island. ... The Karay-as, or Southwestern Visayans, or, Hamtikanon, form the seventeenth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Cebuano, or Central Visayan people, form the second largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Waray people form the sixth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Romblomanon people are the indigenous inhabitants of Romblon province. ... The Masbatenyo people form the thirteenth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The ‘’’Surigaonon’’’ people form the eighteenth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Butuanon people are the least populated Visayan tribe. ... There are about nineteen general Hilltribes of Mindanao, all of which are of Austronesian descent. ... The Bajau are an indigenous ethnic group residing in Sabah, eastern Malaysia, Brunei, Indonesia. ... The Tausug people are the eleventh largest Filipino ethnic group. ... The Maguindanao are the ninrth largest Filipino ethnic group. ... Maranao is the term used for the people of Lanao, a predominantly Muslim region in the Philippine island of Mindanao. ... The Negritos include the Ati, the Aeta and at least 4 other tribes of the Philippines, the Semang of the Malay peninsula, and 12 Andamanese tribes of the Andaman Islands. ... Filipino mestizos are Filipinos of mixed ethnic background. ... According to recent survey, the number of South Asians in the Philippines are approximately 32,500 people. ... According to a recent survey, Arabs in the Philippines number about 22,000. ... According to a recent survey, Europeans in the Philippines number about 13,661, excluding Spaniards and Basques. ...

The Aeta are an indigenous people who live in scattered, isolated mountainous parts of the Philippines. Pronounced as “eye-ta,” this tribe is one of the most widespread ethnic groups in the Philippines. They are a dark brown to black skinned people who tend to be short in stature, small of frame, curly haired, small nosed and have large or small dark brown eyes. Aetas are considered by anthropologists as descended from Andamanese Islanders, and in general they are genetically distinct from most of the Filipino population. Indigenous peoples are: Peoples living in an area prior to colonization by a state Peoples living in an area within a nation-state, prior to the formation of a nation-state, but who do not identify with the dominant nation. ... The Andamanese is a collective term to describe the peoples who are the aboriginal inhabitants of the Andaman Islands and Nicobar Islands, located in the Bay of Bengal. ...

Pinatubo Aeta Woman
Pinatubo Aeta Woman

The Aetas have adopted the language of their Austronesian neighbors. They are thought to be the first inhabitants of the Philippines, preceding the Austronesian migrations. [1] Image File history File links Aeta05. ... Image File history File links Aeta05. ...

The Aetas, similar to the Ati became commonly known through Spanish colonial rule as Negritos. Various Aeta groups in northern Luzon are known as "Pugut" or "Pugot," a name designated by their Ilocano-speaking neighbors, and which is the colloquial term for those with darker complexions. In Ilocano dialect, the word also means "goblin" or "forest spirit." ATI may stand for: ATI Technologies Inc. ... The Negritos include the Atis, and at least 5 other tribes of the Philippines, the Semang of the Malay peninsula, and 12 Andamanese tribes of the Andaman Islands. ...



Aeta Tribesman
Aeta Tribesman

The history of the Aeta continues to confound anthropologists and archaeologists. One theory suggests that the Aeta are the descendants of the original inhabitants of the Philippines who contrary to their sea-faring Austronesian-speaking neighbors arrived through land bridges that linked the country with the Asian mainland about 30,000 years ago. Unlike many of their Austronesian-speaking counterparts, the Aetas have shown resistance to change. The attempts of the Spaniards to settle them in reservations all throughout Spanish rule failed. Image File history File links Aeta07. ... Image File history File links Aeta07. ...

While resisting change from the other society for hundreds of years, the Aetas have adjusted to social, economic, cultural, and political pressures with remarkable resilience; they have created systems and structures within their culture to cushion the sudden impact of change.


There are different views on the dominant character of the Aeta religion. Those who believe they are monotheistic argue that various Aeta tribes believe in a supreme being who rule over lesser spirits or deities. The Mamanua believe in the supreme “Magbabaya” while the Pinatubo Aeta worship "Apo Namalyari." Monotheism (in Greek μόνος = single and θεός = God) is the belief in the existence of one God, or in the oneness of God. ...

The Aetas are also animists. For example, the Pinatubo Aeta believe in environmental spirits such as anito and kamana. They believe that good and evil spirits inhabit the environment, such as the spirits of the river, sea, sky, mountain, hill, valley, and other places. The Ati of Negros island call their environmental spirits taglugar or tagapuyo, which literally means "inhabiting a place." They also believe in spirits of disease and comfort. In religion, the term Animism is used in a number of ways. ... The Murray River in Australia. ... Sunset at sea Look up Sea in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Look up maritime in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A typical daytime sky. ... A disease is an abnormal condition of the body or mind that causes discomfort, dysfunction, or distress to the person afflicted or those in contact with the person. ...

No special occasion is needed for the Aeta to pray, although there is a clear link between prayer and economic activities. The Aeta dance before and after a pig hunt. The night before Aeta women gather shellfish, they perform a dance which is partly an apology to the fish and partly a charm to ensure the catch. Similarly, the men hold a bee dance before and after the expeditions for honey. Maria Magdalene in prayer. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... Species Sus barbatus Sus bucculentus Sus cebifrons Sus celebensis Sus domesticus Sus heureni Sus philippensis Sus salvanius Sus scrofa Sus timoriensis Sus verrucosus Pigs are ungulates native to Eurasia collectively grouped under the genus Sus within the Suidae family. ... Shellfish is a term used to describe shelled molluscs and crustaceans used as food. ... Families Andrenidae Apidae Colletidae Halictidae Megachilidae Melittidae Stenotritidae Bee collecting pollen Bees (a lineage within the superfamily Apoidea) are flying insects, closely related to wasps and ants. ... Honey honey comb A capped frame of honeycomb Honey is a sweet and viscous fluid produced by honeybees and other insects from the nectar of flowers. ...


The Aetas are also skillful in weaving and plaiting. For example, the Mamanuas produce excellent winnowing baskets, rattan hammocks, and other household containers.

Women exclusively weave winnows and mats. Only men make armlets. They also produce raincoats made of palm leaves whose bases surround the neck of the wearer, and whose topmost part spreads like a fan all around the body.



Their traditional clothing is very simple. The young women wear wraparound skirts. Elder women wear bark cloth, while elder men loincloths. The old women of the Agta wear a bark cloth strip which passes between the legs, and is attached to a string around the waist. Today most Aeta who have been in contact with lowlanders have adopted the T-shirts, pants and rubber sandals commonly used by the latter.


A traditional form of visual art is body scarification. The Aetas intentionally wound the skins on their back, arms, breast, legs, hands, calves and abdomen, and then they irritate the wounds with fire, lime and other means to form scars.

Other "decorative disfigurements" include the chipping of the teeth. With the use of a file, the Dumagat – another sub-tribe who belong to the Aeta family - mutilate their teeth during late puberty. The teeth are dyed black a few years afterwards.

The Aetas generally use ornaments typical of people living in subsistence economies. Flowers and leaves are used as earplugs for certain occasions. Girdles, necklaces, and neckbands of braided rattan incorporated with wild pig bristles are frequently worn.

  Results from FactBites:
AETAS | Welcome (182 words)
AETAS is an independent office of expertise focusing on questions concerning age, gender and diversity.
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Views from the Pampang (717 words)
Aetas were greatly familiar with their environs, with expert knowledge of wild food plants and protein sources.
This may be faulting the Aetas too much, as they most likely were just protecting their hunting domains-- after all, they were here first, only to be driven away as lowlanders or "unats" (straight-haired people) made incursions into their forest outposts.
Noteworthy too, is the way the Aeta tribe has continued to cope with and survive the far-reaching effects of the Pinatubo eruption that resulted in their displacement, loss of livelihood and deep-rooted culture.
  More results at FactBites »



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