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Encyclopedia > Aeronautics
Six F-16 Fighting Falcons with the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team fly in delta formation in front of the Empire State Building.
Six F-16 Fighting Falcons with the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team fly in delta formation in front of the Empire State Building.

Aeronautics is the science involved with the study, design, and manufacture of flight-capable machines, or the techniques of operating aircraft. While the term—literally meaning "sailing the air"—originally referred solely to the science of operating the aircraft, it has since been expanded to include technology, business and other aspects related to aircraft.[1] One of the significant parts in aeronautics is a branch of physical science called aerodynamics, which deals with the motion of air and the way it interacts with objects in motion, such as an aircraft. Aviation is a term sometimes used interchangeably with aeronautics, although "aeronautics" includes lighter-than-air craft such as airships, while "aviation" does not.[1] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2218x1554, 489 KB) Summary NEW YORK -- Six F-16 Fighting Falcons with the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team fly in delta formation in front of the Empire State Building during an air show May 26. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2218x1554, 489 KB) Summary NEW YORK -- Six F-16 Fighting Falcons with the U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds aerial demonstration team fly in delta formation in front of the Empire State Building during an air show May 26. ... The F-16 Fighting Falcon is an American multirole jet fighter aircraft developed by General Dynamics and Lockheed Martin for the United States Air Force. ... The Empire State Building is a 102-story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City, New York on the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. ... Download high resolution version (1400x2149, 956 KB) F-15D from the 325 Fighter Wing based at Tyndall AFB, FL releasing Flares. ... Download high resolution version (1400x2149, 956 KB) F-15D from the 325 Fighter Wing based at Tyndall AFB, FL releasing Flares. ... Part of a scientific laboratory at the University of Cologne. ... A hummingbird Female Mallard Duck in midflight A dragonfly in flight Flight is the process by which an object achieves sustained movement either through the air by aerodynamically generating lift or aerostatically using buoyancy, or movement beyond earths atmosphere, in the case of spaceflight. ... “Flying Machine” redirects here. ... == Headline text ==cant there be some kind of picture somewhere so i can see by picture???? Physical science is a encompassing term for the branches of natural science, and science, that study non-living systems, in contrast to the biological sciences. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up air in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up aviation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... USS Akron (ZRS-4) in flight, November 2, 1931 An airship or dirigible is a buoyant lighter-than-air aircraft that can be steered and propelled through the air. ...

Contents

Early aeronautics

Before scientific investigation of aeronautics started, people started thinking of ways to fly. In a Greek legend, Icarus and his father Daedalus built wings of feathers and wax and flew out of a prison. Icarus flew too close to the sun, the wax melted, and he fell in the sea and drowned. When people started to scientifically study how to fly, people began to understand the basics of air and aerodynamics. One of the earliest scientists to study aeronautics was Leonardo da Vinci. Leonardo studied the flight of birds in developing engineering schematics for some of the earliest flying machines in the late fifteenth century AD. His schematics, however, such as the ornithopter ultimately failed as practical aircraft. The flapping machines that he designed were either too small to generate sufficient lift, or too heavy for a human to operate. Although the ornithopter continues to be of interest to hobbyists, it was replaced by the glider in the 19th century.


Modern aeronautics

Modern aeronautic research is primarily conducted by independent corporations such as EU and universities. There are also a number of government agencies that study aeronautics, including NASA in the United States and the ESA in Europe.


Aeronautical engineering

Main article: Aerospace engineering

Aeronautical engineering is an engineering area that covers research, design, manufacture and maintenance of products such as aircraft, missiles and space satellites. It involves scientific topics of Aerodynamics, Heat Transfer, Materials, Technology, Fluid Mechanics and Aircraft Structures. Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns aircraft, spacecraft, and related topics. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... In thermal physics, heat transfer is the passage of thermal energy from a hot to a cold body. ... material is the substance or matter from which something is or can be made, or also items needed for doing or creating something. ... By the mid 20th century humans had achieved a mastery of technology sufficient to leave the surface of the Earth for the first time and explore space. ... Fluid mechanics is the subdiscipline of continuum mechanics that studies fluids, that is, liquids and gases. ... Aircraft Structures is the study of the methods of manufacturing aircraft so that their structure can withstand any potential stresses and strains as well as being able to be produced and assembled quickly, cheaply, and safely. ...


References

  1. ^ a b "Aeronautics". Encyclopedia Americana 1. (1986). Grolier. 226. 

See also

Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:
Aeronautics
Look up Aeronautics in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the eleventh edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Look up aviation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... “Flying Machine” redirects here. ... Airsickness is a normal response of healthy individuals when exposed to a flight environment characterized by unfamiliar motion and orientation clues. ... An air sickness bag (also known as a barf bag, airsick bag, sick bag, or motion sickness bag) is a bag made of paper and usually lined with plastic to make it water-proof, alhough all-plastic bags are now in common use. ... Aerospace engineering is the branch of engineering that concerns aircraft, spacecraft, and related topics. ... Uncrewed aerostats can carry instruments and sensors for long durations that are impractical for humans and other aircraft. ... Astronautics is the branch of engineering that deals with machines designed to work outside of Earths atmosphere, whether manned or unmanned. ... The Space Shuttle Discovery as seen from the International Space Station. ... This article or section should be merged with Fluid mechanics Fluid dynamics is the study of fluids (liquids and gases) in motion, and the effect of the fluid motion on fluid boundaries, such as solid containers or other fluids. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hydrodynamics is fluid dynamics applied to liquids, such as water, alcohol, oil, and blood. ... Hydrostatics, also known as fluid statics, is the study of fluids at rest. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Congress Quizzes NASA On Cuts in Aeronautics Spending (1140 words)
Ken Calvert (R-Calif.) devoted his first hearing as chairman of the House Science space and aeronautics subcommittee to the changes NASA proposes to make to its aeronautics research program as part of a broader effort to free up funding for the agency's new space exploration-driven agenda.
The cuts are expected to produce a couple of thousand civil servant and contractor layoffs at three NASA field centers heavily involved in aeronautics research and lead to the closure of wind tunnels and other research facilities.
Lebacqz said he agreed with the other witnesses that a national discussion about the future of aeronautics research was probably in order, but it was not up to him as a NASA official to say what the outcome of that discussion should be.
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