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Encyclopedia > Aerolíneas Argentinas
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Aerolíneas Argentinas A340-200.

Aerolíneas Argentinas is Argentina's largest domestic and international airline. It carries around 80% of Argentina's domestic traffic and 40% of international flights from Ministro Pistarini International Airport, which is located in Ezeiza and serves Buenos Aires. The new expansion plan in the year 2004 includes the creation of subsidiaries in Chile, Uruguay, and Bolivia, as well as a hub at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in San Juan, Puerto Rico, which will allow the airline to become one of the biggest groups in Latin America. Aerolineas Argentinas Airbus A340-200 (registration unknown). ... Aerolineas Argentinas Airbus A340-200 (registration unknown). ... Ministro Pistarini International Airport De Ezeiza, commonly known as Ezeiza , is located in a suburb of Buenos Aires and serves the city as Argentinas largest international and domestic gateway. ... Executive Air dba American Eagle ATR-72 and American Airlines aircraft at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in April 2001 Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport in Carolina, Puerto Rico, is the islands main international gateway, and its main connection to the mainland United States. ... San Juan is the capital of Puerto Rico. ...

Contents

Code Data

  • IATA Code: AR
  • ICAO Code: ARG
  • Callsign: Argentina

The International Air Transport Association is an international trade organization of airlines headquarted in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, develops the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ...

The Beginning

The company's history can be traced back to the year 1929, when carrier Aeroposta started operations. The Argentine government, recognizing Argentina's vast geographic size and the need for fast transportation links between the countryside and the larger cities, established an airline company to carry passengers and mail. The first two destinations served were Mendoza and Posadas. Frenchmen Jean Mermoz and Antoine de Saint-Exupéry were among the company's first pilots. 1929 was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Park of General San Martín in Mendoza. ... Posadas is a nine-day holiday beginning December 16 and ending December 24. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Jean Mermoz (December 9, 1901—December 7, 1936) was an aviator, viewed as a hero by many in both Argentina and his native France, where many schools bear his name. ... Antoine de Saint-Exupéry in Toulouse Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (June 29, 1900 – July 31, 1944) was a French writer and aviator. ...


By 1930, two more airlines, LASO and LANE, began flights and the number of cities served by air routes in Argentina tripled. In 1945, these two airlines merged, becoming LADE (Líneas Aéreas del Estado, i.e. State Airlines). This was a well-timed move, as World War II was entering its final stages and commercial aviation was set to start a stage of explosive growth. 1945 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ...


In 1946 the first Douglas DC-3s arrived in Argentina, and Argentina's first intercontinental airline, FAMA, was created. 1946 was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ...


In 1949, all the above carriers merged under the name Aerolíneas Argentinas. By this time, Argentina still had no acceptable airport facilities; the government of Juan Peron erected Ministro Pistarini airport to this end. 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine military officer and the President of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ...


Key to the airline's growth were Alfonso Aliaga García and Dirk Wessel Van Layden, who has been a pilot with French carrier Aeropostale (not to be confused with Aeroposta), and was influential in raising flying standards. Aéropostale is a clothing retailer oriented towards teenagers selling athletically geared, casual clothing at an extremely competitive price. ...


The DC-3 proved to be an invaluable asset for Aerolíneas Argentinas, as it did for a host of other airlines worldwide. It enabled them to fly to domestic destinations that had, until then, been unreachable–and to keep flying FAMA's international routes. Soon afterwards, Douglas DC-4s joined the fleet and services were inaugurated to Santiago, Lima, Santa Cruz, and São Paulo. Douglas DC-3 VH-AES at Avalon in 2003. ... The designation DC-4 was used by Douglas Aircraft Company when developing the DC-4E as a large, four-engined type to complement its forthcoming DC-3 design. ... Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ... This article is about Lima, Peru. ... This article is about the Bolivian city. ... Sao Paulo and São Paulo (city) redirect here. ...


The 1950s had arrived when the DC-6 arrived, allowing Aerolíneas Argentinas to fly at night for the first time. Thanks to this plane, the name of Aerolíneas Argentinas was seen at terminals in New York's Idlewild airport, as well as Havana, Lisbon, Dakar, and Rio De Janeiro. Millennia: 1st millennium - 2nd millennium - 3rd millennium Events and trends Technology United States tests the first fusion bomb. ... The Douglas DC-6 is an aircraft built by the Douglas Aircraft Company from 1946 to 1959. ... State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ... John F. Kennedy International Airport (IATA Airport Code: JFK, ICAO Airport Code: KJFK) is the main international airport in New York City, and is one of the largest airports in the world. ... Havana (Spanish: San Cristóbal de La Habana) is the capital of Cuba and, with a population of 2. ... Lisbon (in Portuguese, Lisboa) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... (City of Dakar, divided into 19 communes darrondissement) City proper ( commune) Région Dakar Département Dakar Mayor Pape Diop ( PDS) (since 2002) Area 82. ... Ipanema beach A NASA satellite image of Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro (meaning River of January in Portuguese) is the name of both a state and a city in southeastern Brazil. ...


By the end of that decade, the Comet IV jet had begun commercial jet services worldwide, and Aerolíneas once again wanted to set the pace among South America's air companies. Airline President Juan Jose Guiraldes persuaded Argentina's President Arturo Frondizi to buy six of the new planes, on the understanding that Aerolíneas would pay for the planes later. And so, on March 2, 1959, 'Tres Marías', which became the first jet airplane flown by Aerolíneas, landed at Ministro Pistarini International Airport. De Havilland Comet - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Arturo Frondizi Ercoli (October 28, 1908 _ April 18, 1995) was the President of Argentina between 1 May 1958 and 29 March 1962 for the Radical Civic Union. ... March 2 is the 61st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (62nd in leap years). ... 1959 was a common year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ...


With these jets, Aerolíneas Argentinas kept a steady growth during the 1960s, opening routes to London, Paris, Rome, and Madrid. Events and trends The 1960s was a turbulent decade of change around the world. ... London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... The Eiffel Tower has become a symbol of Paris throughout the world. ... Location within Italy The Roman Colosseum Rome (Italian and Latin: Roma) is the capital city of Italy and of its Latium region. ... Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ...


The 1970s saw the arrival of the Boeing 747s, 737s and 727s, and a stronger marketing strategy. Aerolíneas Argentinas was featured on many Jorge Porcel movies at that time, and the began licensing toy companies to produce models of their aircraft, a practice it maintains today. In 1980, Aerolíneas Argentinas became the first airline to operate a trans-oceanic South Pacific flight, from Buenos Aires to Auckland, New Zealand, and Sydney, Australia, using Boeing 747s. The route remains in operation. Events and trends Although in the United States and in many other Western societies the 1970s are often seen as a period of transition between the turbulent 1960s and the more conservative 1980s and 1990s, many of the trends that are associated widely with the Sixties, from the Sexual Revolution... The Boeing 747, which is also known as the jumbo jet, is the second largest passenger airliner after the Airbus A380. ... 737 in new Boeing Colors. ... Sun Country 727 The Boeing 727 was, for a very long time, the most popular jet-liner in the world. ... Jorge Raúl Porcel De Peralta (born September 7, 1936) is a comedy actor from Argentina. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Buenos Aires (Good Winds in Spanish, but more akin to Fair Winds, as in navigation) is the capital of Argentina and its largest city and port, as well as one of the largest cities in South America. ... Auckland, in the North Island of New Zealand, is the largest urban area in New Zealand. ... Sydneys skyline with the Opera House on the left Sydney is the capital city of the Australian state of New South Wales and Australias largest and oldest city, founded in 1788. ... The Boeing 747, which is also known as the jumbo jet, is the second largest passenger airliner after the Airbus A380. ...


Privatization and Near-Collapse

At the beginning of the 1990s the airline was sold by the Argentine government to the Spanish state-owned company Iberia as part of president Carlos Menem massive privatization program. Both the price paid by Iberia and the Spanish firm's ulterior conduct (including some convolute lease-back operations) were branded by some observers as evidence of corruption. Events and trends Technology Explosive growth of the Internet; decrease in the cost of computers and other technology Reduction in size and cost of mobile phones leads to a massive surge in their popularity Year 2000 problem (commonly known as Y2K) Microsoft Windows operating system becomes virtually ubiquitous on IBM... Iberia Airlines of Spain (IATA: IB, ICAO: IBE, and Callsign: Iberia), often shortened to Iberia, is the name of the national airline of Spain. ... Carlos Saúl Menem (born July 2, 1930) was President of Argentina from 8 July 1989 to 10 December 1999 for the Justicialist Party (Peronist). ... Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or, especially in India, disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership and/or transferring the management of a service or activity from the government to the private sector. ...


The planes and most real estate (both global headquarters and offices in Paris, New York, Los Angeles, Rome and Frankfurt) were sold; some assets were leased back. The firm incurred massive debt, and operating profits were not realized. Iberia bought from Aerolíneas Argentinas two 10-year old Boeing 707 aircraft for the price of 1.57 US$ each.


Aerolíneas Argentinas when Iberia adquired it, and when it sold it.

Item 1991 2001
Assets (without routes) 650 ?
Annual Balance 18 -300
Debt 0 cc. 1000
Planes (owned/leased) 28/1 1/43
Flight Simulators 3 0
Number of Employees 11500 6500

All amounts in millions of US dollars


Aerolíneas merged with Argentina's domestic carrier Austral. Austral Airlines was born from the merging of two Argentinian airlines known as ALA and Austral. ...


By the late 1990s the airline was near bankruptcy. The Spanish government tried to sell its controlling share to American Airlines but the offer was declined. American Airlines Boeing 757 American Airlines and American Eagle aircraft at San Juan American Airlines (AA) (NYSE: AMR) is the largest airline in the world. ...


In October 2001, control of both Aerolíneas Argentinas and Austral was handled to Air Comet, a consortium of the Spanish private carriers Spanair and Air Plus and travel operator Viajes Marsans, who acquired the 92.1% of shares. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Spanair S.A., is an airline based in Palma, Majorca, Spain. ...


After teetering on the brink of closure during most of 2001, combined with the adverse effects of the September 11 attacks on the industry and Argentina's financial meltdown of December 2001, Aerolíneas was forced to close down international services for a few days during early 2002. However, fresh capital was provided the airline resumed services almost immediately. Ever since, after a decade of consistently negative profit-and-loss statements, Aerolíneas seems to have recovered, and new investments (such as a new flight simulator) have been realized. 2001 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 11 is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years). ... 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Fleet

Today Aerolíneas Argentinas has a fleet of 56 planes:

  • 2 Boeing 747-400
  • 5 Boeing 747-200
  • 4 Airbus 340-200
  • 2 Airbus 310-300
  • 5 MD-88
  • 6 MD-83
  • 2 MD-81
  • 30 Boeing 737-200
  • 6 Boeing 737-500

Other facts of interest

  • Aerolíneas Argentinas is a major sponsor of professional association football games in Argentina.
  • Aerolineas has 2 Airbus 310, covering the south of Argentina and flights to Peru (Lima) and the new route, Mexico.

The striker (wearing red jersey) has run past the defender (in white jersey) and is about to take a shot at the goal, while the goalkeeper positions himself to stop the ball. ...

External links

  • Aerolíneas Argentinas (http://www.aerolineas.com.ar/)
  • Aerolíneas Argentinas workers' Union Site (http://www.salvemosaerolineas.com.ar)
  • Airline History (http://airlines.afriqonline.com/airlines/188.htm)
  • Aerolíneas Argentinas crashes (http://www.airdisaster.com/cgi_bin/airline_detail.cgi?airline=Aerolineas+Argentinas)



Lists of Aircraft | Aircraft manufacturers | Aircraft engines | Aircraft engine manufacturers This list of aircraft is sorted alphabetically, beginning with the name of the manufacturer (or, in certain cases, designer). ... This is a list of aircraft manufacturers (in alphabetic order). ... List of aircraft engines: Piston engines Allison V-1710 Armstrong-Siddeley Puma Armstrong-Siddeley Nimbus BMW 801 Bristol Aquila Bristol Centaurus Bristol Hercules Bristol Jupiter Bristol Pegasus Bristol Perseus Bristol Phoenix Bristol Taurus Continental O-200 Daimler-Benz DB 601 De Havilland Cirrus De Havilland Gipsy De Havilland Gipsy Major... -1...


Airports | Airlines | Air forces | Aircraft weapons | Missiles | Timeline of aviation This is a list of airlines in operation. ... This is a list of Air Forces, sorted alphabetically by country. ... This is a list of aircraft weapons, past and present. ... Below is a list of (links to pages on) missiles, sorted alphabetically by country of origin. ... This is a timeline of aviation history. ...


 
 

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