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Encyclopedia > Aerobatics
The Frecce Tricolori aerobatic team of the Italian Air Force, flying at the Royal International Air Tattoo, Fairford, England, in 2005
The Frecce Tricolori aerobatic team of the Italian Air Force, flying at the Royal International Air Tattoo, Fairford, England, in 2005
The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic maneuvre with their Boeing Stearmans
The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic maneuvre with their Boeing Stearmans
Red Arrows Hawks in Concorde formation
Red Arrows Hawks in Concorde formation
Indian Air Force's Surya Kiran during an aerobatic demonstration.
Aerobatics by Sarang helicopter formation display team.

Aerobatics is the demonstration of flying maneuvers for training, recreation or entertainment. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1707x1224, 493 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Frecce Tricolori ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1707x1224, 493 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Frecce Tricolori ... The Frecce Tricolori aerobatics team of the Italian Air Force, flying at the Royal International Air Tattoo, Fairford, England, in 2005 Frecce Tricolori (Three-coloured Arrows) is the precision aerobatic demonstration team for the Italian Air Force. ... Coat of arms of the Italian Air Force The Aeronautica Militare Italiana (AMI) is the air force of Italy. ... RIAT 2006 RIAT 2006 The Royal International Air Tattoo (RIAT) is the worlds largest military airshow, held annually over the third weekend in July, usually at RAF Fairford in Gloucestershire, England in support of The Royal Air Force Charitable Trust. ... Location within the British Isles Fairford is a small town in Gloucestershire, England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1214, 608 KB) The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic manoeuvre with their Boeing Stearmans, at an air display in England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1214, 608 KB) The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic manoeuvre with their Boeing Stearmans, at an air display in England. ... The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic maneuvre with their Boeing Stearmans, at an air display in England. ... WAVE in a Boeing Stearman N2S US Navy training aircraft. ... The BAe Hawks of the RAF Red Arrows display team, flying in Concorde formation, commemorating the retirement of the Concorde passenger jet. ... The BAe Hawks of the RAF Red Arrows display team, flying in Concorde formation, commemorating the retirement of the Concorde passenger jet. ... Red Arrows Hawk at speed during a display The Red Arrows, officially known as the Royal Air Force Aerobatic Team, is the aerobatics display team of the Royal Air Force, based at RAF Scampton, United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Concorde (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 219 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Surya Kiran Source:[1] Image by B. Harry From http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 219 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Surya Kiran Source:[1] Image by B. Harry From http://www. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... Heart In the Sky with a Red arrow through it and the Sun in between Surya Kiran (literally meaning, Sun Rays), is the aerobatic demonstration team of the Indian Air Force, successors to the Thunderbolts. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 202 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source:[1] Image by B. Harry From http://www. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 202 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Source:[1] Image by B. Harry From http://www. ... Sarang is the helicopter formation display team of the Indian Air Force, one of only two in the world, the other being the Blue Eagles. ... This article concerns the process of flying. ... Training refers to the acquisition of knowledge, skills, and competencies as a result of the teaching of vocational or practical skills and knowledge that relates to specific useful skills. ... “Fun” redirects here. ... A stilt-walker entertaining shoppers at a shopping centre in Swindon, England Entertainment is an event, performance, or activity designed to give pleasure or relaxation to an audience (although, for example, in the case of a computer game the audience may be only one person). ...


Many aerobatic maneuvers involve rotation of the aircraft about its longtitudinal axis (rolling) or the pitch axis (looping). Some complex maneuvers, such as a spin, also require that the aircraft be displaced around a vertical axis, known as yawing. Maneuvers are often combined which demands a higher level of skill from the pilot, but greatly increases the spectacle of an aerobatic flight sequence. The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic manoeuver with their Boeing Stearmans, at an air display in England. ... In aviation, a spin is an aggravated stall resulting in rotation wherein the aircraft follows a downward corkscrew path. ...


Aerobatics is also practiced as a sport. Some pilots fly solely for recreation, while a smaller number (several hundred world wide) choose to compete in aerobatic competitions. Competitions start at Primary, or Graduate level and proceed in complexity through Sportsman, Intermediate and Advanced, with Unlimited being the top competition level. Unlimited pilots perform much more complex figures and sustain higher g levels (+/-10g's). There are five levels in aerobatic competition, Primary or Beginner Sportsman Intermediate Advanced Unlimited There may also be a Classic class for airplanes without inverted fuel and oil systems. ... The term g force or gee force refers to the symbol g, the force of acceleration due to gravity at the earths surface. ...

Contents

Overview

In the early days of flying, some pilots used their aircraft as part of a flying circus to entertain. Maneuvers that had no practical purpose were flown for artistic reasons or to draw gasps from onlookers. In due course some of these maneuvers were found to allow aircraft to gain tactical advantage during aerial combat or dogfights between fighter aircraft. Flying machine redirects here. ... Barnstorming was a popular form of entertainment in the 1920s in which stunt pilots would perform tricks with airplanes, often in groups as a flying circus. ... A maneuver (spelled manoeuvre in Commonwealth English) is a tactical or strategical move or action. ... This article is about the aerial combat maneuver. ...


Aerobatic aircraft usually fall into two categories—specialist aerobatic, and aerobatic capable. Specialist designs such as the Pitts Special, the Extra 200 and 300, and the Sukhoi Su-29 aim for ultimate aerobatic performance. This comes at the expense of general purpose use such as touring, or ease of non aerobatic handling such as landing. At a more basic level, aerobatic capable aircraft can be dual purpose—equipped to carrying passengers and luggage, easy to land, as well as being capable of basic aerobatic figures. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Extra Flugzeugbau Extra 200 is a two-seat, piston-engined aerobatics aircraft. ... An Extra 300S racing The wing of the Extra 300L is set lower on the fuselage. ... Check it out at www. ...


Flight formation aerobatics are flown by teams of up to sixteen aircraft, although most teams fly between four and ten aircraft. Some are state funded to reflect pride in the armed forces whilst others are commercially sponsored. Coloured smoke trails may be emitted to emphasise the patterns flown and/or the colours of a national flag. Usually each team will use aircraft similar to one another finished in a special and dramatic colour scheme, thus emphasising their entertainment function. Teams often fly V-formations—they will not fly directly behind another aircraft because of danger from wake vortices or engine exhaust. Aircraft will always fly slightly below the aircraft in front, if they have to follow in line. Red Arrows Hawks in Concorde formation A formation is a disciplined flight of two or more aircraft under the command of a flight leader. ... Alternate cover US 1979 and 2002 reissue cover, also known as paint spatter cover For the military meaning, see Armed forces. ...


Aerobatic maneuvers flown in a jet powered aircraft are limited in scope as they cannot take advantage of the gyroscopic forces that a propeller driven aircraft can exploit. Jet powered aircraft also tend to fly much faster which increases the size of the figures and the length of time which the pilot has to withstand increased g-forces. Jet aerobatic teams often fly in formations which further restricts the maneuvers that can be safely flown. The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic manoeuver with their Boeing Stearmans, at an air display in England. ...


Training

Aerobatics are taught to military fighter pilots as a means of developing precise flying skills and for tactical use in combat. Aerobatics and formation flying is not limited solely to fixed wing aircraft, helicopters are also used—the British Army, Royal Navy and the Indian Air Force have helicopter display team. The Indian Air Force helicopter display team is known as Sarang or peacock. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... The Indian Air Force (भारतीय वायु सेना : Bharatiya Vayu Sena) is the air-arm of the Armed Forces of India and has the prime responsibility of conducting aerial warfare and securing the Indian airspace. ... Sarang is the helicopter formation display team of the Indian Air Force, one of only two in the world, the other being the Blue Eagles. ...


All aerobatic maneuvers demand training and practice to avoid accidents. Such accidents are rare but can result in fatalities; safety regulations are such that there has not been an airshow spectator fatality in the USA since the 1950s. Low-level aerobatics are extremely demanding and airshow pilots must demonstrate their ability before being allowed to gradually reduce the height at which they may fly their show. The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic manoeuver with their Boeing Stearmans, at an air display in England. ... A railing accidentally collapses at a college football game, spilling fans onto the sidelines An accident is something going wrong unexpectedly. ... The 1950s decade refers to the years 1950 to 1959 inclusive. ...


There are many aerobatic training schools in the U.S. and other countries. A detailed list is available at http://www.iac.org/begin/schools.html


Performance

Aerobatics are most likely to be seen at a public airshows. Famous teams include: For the navigational aid displayed to airline passengers, see In-flight Entertainment. ...

The United States Navys Blue Angels (or Navy Flight Demonstration Squadron), formed in 1946, is the worlds first officially sanctioned military aerial demonstration team. ... Seal of the Air Force. ... Thunderbirds Squadron ensign The USAF Thunderbirds perform an echelon pass. ... The Russian Knights (Russian: ) are an aerobatic demonstration team of the Russian Air Force. ... The Strizhi (Russian: ) (Swifts) are an aerobatic demonstration team of the Russian Air Force. ... Parking a Roulettes PC-9 after the show. ... The Frecce Tricolori aerobatics team of the Italian Air Force, flying at the Royal International Air Tattoo, Fairford, England, in 2005 Frecce Tricolori (Three-coloured Arrows) is the precision aerobatic demonstration team for the Italian Air Force. ... The Asas De Portugal (Wings of Portugal) is a flight demonstration team created in 1977, operated by Esquadra 103 (103 Squadron) of the Portuguese Air Force out of Beja Air Base – BA11, Portugal. ... The Turkish Stars (Turkish: Türk Yıldızları) are the aerobatic demonstration team of the Turkish Air Force and the official national aerobatics team of Turkey. ... Smoke squadron The Esquadrilha da Fumaça is the Brazilian Air Force Air Demonstration Squadron. ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ... Sagar Pawan (literally meaning, Winds of the Sea), is the aerobatic demonstration team of the Indian Navys Aviation Arm. ... Heart In the Sky with a Red arrow through it and the Sun in between Surya Kiran (literally meaning, Sun Rays), is the aerobatic demonstration team of the Indian Air Force, successors to the Thunderbolts. ... Sarang is the helicopter formation display team of the Indian Air Force, one of only two in the world, the other being the Blue Eagles. ... Sherdils (Urdu: ﺸﻴر دﻋﻝ ) is the aerobatics display team of the Pakistan Air Force Academy, based at PAF Risalpur, Pakistan. ... The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (Urdu: پاک فضائیہ, Pak Fazaya) is the Aviation branch of the Pakistan armed forces and is responsible for defending Pakistani air-space from intrusions. ... Escuadrilla de Alta Acrobacia Halcones (Falcons High Aerobatics Squad) is the precision aerobatic demonstration team for the Chilean Air Force. ... Categories: Stub | Aerobatic teams | French Air Force ... Patrouille Suisse is the aerobatic demonstration team of the Swiss Air Force and the official national aerobatic team of Switzerland. ... Red Pelicans - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Rothmans, Benson & Hedges Inc. ... Silver Falcons aerobatic team The Silver Falcons are the aerobatic demonstration team of the South African Air Force. ... The Royal Jordanian Falcons are the aerobatic demonstration team of the Royal Jordanian Airline and the official national aerobatic team of Jordan. ... Officially known as the Canadian Forces 431 Air Demonstration Squadron, the Snowbirds are Canadas military aerobatics or airshow flight demonstration team. ... Patrulla Aguila is the aerobatic demonstration team of the Spanish Air Force. ... Binomial name Cantor, 1836 Range (in red) The King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) is the worlds longest venomous snake, growing to a length of 18. ... The Royal Thai Air Force (Thai: กองทัพอากาศไทย, Kong Thab Akat Thai) is the air force of the Kingdom of Thailand. ... The Royal Thai Air Force (Thai: กองทัพอากาศไทย, Kong Thab Akat Thai) is the air force of the Kingdom of Thailand. ... The Yellowjacks were an RAF aerobatic display team that flew Folland Gnat trainers painted yellow. ... Orlik at Radom Air Show 2005 One of the teams machines at Radom Air Show 2005 Orlik Aerobatic Team (Zespół Akrobacyjny ORLIK) is an aerobatic demonstration team of the Polish Air Forces, formed in 1998. ... Polish Air Forces (Siły Powietrzne Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej, Sily Powietrzne RP) - the Air Force of Poland. ...

See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Aerobatics

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Complex aerobatic sequence in Aresti notation. ... Complex aerobatic sequence in Aresti notation. ... Flight dynamics is the science of air and space vehicle orientation and control in three dimensions. ... The Red Arrows and Concorde conclude a special flypast over Buckingham Palace on 4 June, 2002 celebrating the Queens Golden Jubilee. ... In aviation, in the UK, New Zealand and elsewhere, HASELL is a standard mnemonic for performing a series of checks prior to carrying out many types of manoeuvres, such as a spin, spiral dive, steep turn or aerobatics. ... The UK Utterly Butterly display team perform an aerobatic manoeuver with their Boeing Stearmans, at an air display in England. ...

External links

  • Aerobatic Teams Web Site
  • Audio of an aerobatic ride with air show performer Brett Hunter in a Pitts S-2C
  • Audio of an aerobatic ride with air show performer Michael Mancuso in an Extra 300L

  Results from FactBites:
 
FAI Aerobatics Commission - CIVA (576 words)
CIVA stands for "Commission Internationale de Voltige Aerienne" and is responsible for the administration of aerobatic competition worldwide under the auspices of the FAI.
The 2008 Programme Q sequences for powered aerobatics (Advanced, Unlimited, and YAK 52) and Known sequence for glider aerobatics are now available.
Members of the aerobatic community are encouraged to submit their comments directly to their CIVA national delegates.
Aerobatics (476 words)
Formation aerobatics are usually flown by teams of up to sixteen aircraft, although economic considerations mean that most teams habitually fly between four and ten aircraft.
Aerobatics may be taught to military pilots as a means of developing precise flying skills and may occasionally have value in a military context.
aerobatic manoeuvres in an aircraft designed for less adventurous purposes, simply in order to improve a manufacturer's understanding of its capacity to fly.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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