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Encyclopedia > Aerial tramway
An Aerial tramway in Italy.
An Aerial tramway in Italy.

An aerial tramway is a type of aerial lift, often called a cable car or ropeway, and sometimes incorrectly referred to as a gondola. Because of the proliferation of such systems in the Alpine regions of Europe, the French and German language names of Téléphérique and Seilbahn are often also used in an English language context. "Cable car" is the normal term in British English, as in British English the word "tramway" generally refers to a railed street tramway. Note also that, in American English, "cable car" is most often associated with surface cable car systems, e.g. San Francisco's Cable Cars, so careful phrasing is necessary to prevent confusion. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1333 × 2000 pixel, file size: 496 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ropeway between Bozen and Oberbozen in South Tyrol - Seilbahn von Bozen nach Oberbozen in Südtirol own image, taken August 07, 2005 Photographer: Herbert Ortner... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 399 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1333 × 2000 pixel, file size: 496 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Ropeway between Bozen and Oberbozen in South Tyrol - Seilbahn von Bozen nach Oberbozen in Südtirol own image, taken August 07, 2005 Photographer: Herbert Ortner... An aerial lift is a means of transport in which gondolas or open chairs are hauled above the ground by means of a cable. ... Tochal gondola lift carry tourists and skiers to Tochal mountain,Tehran, Iran. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... German (called Deutsch in German; in German the term germanisch is equivalent to English Germanic), is a member of the western group of Germanic languages and is one of the worlds major languages. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A tram system, tramway, or street railway is a railway on which trams (streetcars, trolleys) run. ... San Francisco redirects here. ... San Francisco Cable Car No. ...


Aerial tramways differ from gondola lifts in that the latter use several smaller cabins circulating on a looped cable, and can be stopped at intermediate or end stations for passenger loading and unloading when uncoupled from their haulage cable by releasing cable grips. Tochal gondola lift carry tourists and skiers to Tochal mountain,Tehran, Iran. ... 6 or 15cm outside diameter, oil-cooled cables, traversing the Grand Coulee Dam throughout. ... A passenger is a term broadly used to describe any person who travels in a vehicle, but bears little or no responsibility for the tasks required for that vehicle to arrive at its destination. ... Detachable chairlift grip. ...

Contents

Overview

Aerial tramway suspended on two track cables with an additional haulage rope
Aerial tramway suspended on two track cables with an additional haulage rope

An aerial tramway is one or two fixed cables (called track cables), one endless loop of cable (called a haulage rope), and two passenger cabins. The fixed cables provide support for the cabins. The haulage rope, by means of a grip, is solidly connected to the truck (the wheel set that rolls on the cables). The haulage rope is usually driven by an electric motor and being connected to the cabins, moves them up or down the mountain. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (4368 × 2912 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixel Image in higher resolution (4368 × 2912 pixel, file size: 4. ... 6 or 15cm outside diameter, oil-cooled cables, traversing the Grand Coulee Dam throughout. ... 6 or 15cm outside diameter, oil-cooled cables, traversing the Grand Coulee Dam throughout. ... A passenger is a term broadly used to describe any person who travels in a vehicle, but bears little or no responsibility for the tasks required for that vehicle to arrive at its destination. ... For other kinds of motors, see motor. ... For other uses, see Mountain (disambiguation). ...


Two-car tramways use a jig-back system: A large electric motor is located at the bottom of the tramway so that it effectively pulls one cabin down, using that cabin's weight to help pull the other cabin up. A similar system of cables is used in a funicular railway. The two passenger cabins, which carry from 4 to over 100 people, are situated at opposite ends of the loops of cable. Thus, while one is coming up, the other is going down the mountain, and they pass each other midway on the cable span. For other kinds of motors, see motor. ... Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of... Span is a section between two intermediate supports of a bridge. ...


Some aerial trams have only one cabin, which lends itself better for systems with small elevation changes along the cable run.


The original version was called telpherage, and was invented by Scottish engineer Fleeming Jenkin. Smaller telpherage systems are sometimes used to transport objects such as tools or mail within a building or factory. This article is about the country. ... Henry Charles Fleeming Jenkin (March 25, 1833 - June 12, 1885) was Professor of Engineering at Edinburgh University, remarkable for his versatility. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Details from a ropeway in Kolkata
Details from a ropeway in Kolkata

Many aerial tramways were built by Von Roll Ltd. of Switzerland, which has since been acquired by Austrian lift manufacturer Doppelmayr. The German firm of Bleichert built hundreds of freight and military tramways . Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 706 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I am the author of this image, and hereby I condemn anyone who says otherwise :). This is the rope way that spans the length of... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 706 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I am the author of this image, and hereby I condemn anyone who says otherwise :). This is the rope way that spans the length of... , “Calcutta” redirects here. ... Doppelmayr is a family-owned company based in Wolfurt, Vorarlberg, Austria. ... Bleichert GMBH was a famous German Engineering firm. ...


An escape aerial tramway is a special form of the aerial tramway that allows a fast escape from a dangerous location. They are used on rocket launching sites in order to offer the launch staff or astronauts a fast retreat. The tramway consists of a rope which runs from the launch tower downward to a protection shelter. On the launch supply tower several small cabs can be occupied by the launch staff or the astronauts. After loosening a barrier these roll downward to the protection shelter. An escape aerial tramway exists on the launch pads 39A and 39B on Cape Canaveral. This article is about vehicles powered by rocket engines. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Astronaut Bruce McCandless II using a manned maneuvering unit outside the U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger in 1984. ... The launch pad refers to the facilities where rockets or spacecrafts liftoff. ... Cape Canaveral from space, August 1991 Cape Canaveral (Cabo Cañaveral in Spanish) is a strip of land in Brevard County, Florida, United States, near the center of that states Atlantic coast. ...


Some aerial tramways have their own propulsion, such as the Lasso Mule or the Josef Mountain Aerial Tramway near Merano. Vehicle propulsion refers to the act of moving an artificial carrier of people or goods over a distance. ... Josef Mountain Aerial Tramway is an aeral tramway near Meran in Northern Italy. ...


Records

The Glacial Aerial Tramway Kaprun III (Gletscherbahn Kaprun III) is the third section of the aerial tramway on the Kitzsteinhorn mountain at Kaprun, Austria. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Mérida Cable Car (Spanish: Teleférico de Mérida) is the worlds largest and highest cable car. ... Norsjö aerial tramway is a 13. ... The Roosevelt Island Tramway is an aerial tramway in New York City. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... In the United States of America, transit describes local area common carrier passenger transportation configured to provide scheduled service on fixed routes on a non-reservation basis. ... The transportation system of New York City is an unparalleled cooperation of unique, complex, and grandiose systems of infrastructure. ... Times Square–42nd Street station entrance The New York City Subway is a rapid transit system owned by the City of New York and leased to the New York City Transit Authority , an affiliate of the Metropolitan Transportation Authority and also known as MTA New York City Transit. ... The Portland Aerial Tram is an aerial tramway under construction in Portland, Oregon. ... Nickname: Location of Portland in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: , Country State County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Government  - Mayor Tom Potter[1]  - Commissioners Sam Adams Randy Leonard Dan Saltzman Erik Sten  - Auditor Gary Blackmer Area  - City 376. ... Medellín is the capital city of Antioquia, a province in Colombia (South America). ... The Metro de Medellín is an urban train that crosses the Metropolitan Area of Medellín from North to South and from Centre to West. ... Metrocable is an aerial tramway system implemented by the local government of Medellin whose main function is to be a complementary service of Medellins Metro. ... The Sandia Peak Tramway, located in Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA, is the worlds longest aerial tramway. ... “Albuquerque” redirects here. ... View of downtown Juneau from the tramway The Mount Roberts Tramway is an aerial tramway just south of Juneau in the U.S. state of Alaska. ... Flag Seal Location Location in Juneau City and Borough, Alaska Coordinates , Government Country State Borough United States Alaska Juneau City and Borough Founded Incorporated 1881 1890 Mayor Bruce Botelho Geographical characteristics Area     City 8,430. ... Official language(s) None[1] Spoken language(s) English 85. ... Flag Seal Location Location in Juneau City and Borough, Alaska Coordinates , Government Country State Borough United States Alaska Juneau City and Borough Founded Incorporated 1881 1890 Mayor Bruce Botelho Geographical characteristics Area     City 8,430. ... For considerations of sea level change, in particular rise associated with possible global warming, see sea level rise. ...

List of accidents

  • August 15, 1960: between Castellammare di Stabia and the Monte Faito, near Naples, Italy.
  • August 29, 1961: A military plane splits the hauling cable of a cabin railway on the Aiguille du Midi in the Mont Blanc massif: six people killed.
  • 1963: Cabin of the renovated PKB crashes at the valley station, one person killed, several injured.
  • December 25, 1965: Power failure on the aerial ropeway at Puy de Sancy in central France causes abrupt cabin halt, cabin wall breaks. 17 people fall, seven killed.
  • July 9, 1966: A cable breaks on a cabin railway at Aiguille du Midi in the Mont Blanc massif: three cabins fall, four people killed.
  • December 6, 1970: Five people killed at Merano (Meran), Italy.
  • July 13, 1972: 13 killed at the crash of a cab in Bettmeralp, Switzerland.
  • October 26, 1972: During a test at an aerial tramway at Les Deux Alpes in France, two cabs collide. nine killed.
  • July 9, 1974: Hauling cable breaks on the aerial tramway at Ulriken, Norway. One cabin fell, four killed.
  • March 10, 1976: In the Italian Dolomites at Cavalese, a cab falls after a rope break, killing 42. (See Cavalese cable-car disaster)
  • March 26, 1976: Damage to the carrying rope leads to crash of multiple cabs of the aerial tramway at Vail, Colorado, USA. Four people killed, five injured.
  • April 15, 1978: In a storm, two carrying ropes of the Squaw Valley Aerial Tramway in California fall from the aerial tramway support tower. One of the ropes partly destroys the cabin. four killed, 32 injured.
  • February 13, 1983: Two cabs collide in Aosta (Italy), 11 dead.
  • January 13, 1989: Eight people killed during a test of the French aerial tramway Vaujany in the Alpe D'Huez area.
  • June 1, 1990: 15 people killed after a rope break in Tbilisi, Georgia.
  • 1995: Operator error causes cabin of Muttereralmbahn near Innsbruck, Austria, to crash. No casualties or injuries.
  • February 3, 1998: U.S. military aircraft severs the cable of an aerial ropeway in Cavalese, Italy, killing 20 people. (See Cavalese cable-car disaster)
  • July 1, 1999: 20 people killed at the crash of an aerial tramway at the Bure observatory in the French alps.
  • July 6, 2000: Entering the middle station of Nebelhornbahn, a cabin fails to brake. 23 people injured.
  • October 19, 2003: Four were killed and 11 injured when three cars slipped off the cable of the Darjeeling Ropeway.
  • October 9, 2004: Crash of a cabin of the Grünberg aerial tramway in Gmunden, Austria. Many hurt.
  • November 14, 2004: Empty cabin of tramway in Sölden, Austria, falls after becoming entangled with rope. No casualties, 113 people rescued from other cabins
  • April 18, 2006: New York's Roosevelt Island Tramway experiences a power failure, leaving 69 passengers in two trams stranded over the East River for approximately seven hours, just eight months after a similar incident in which trams were stranded for 90 minutes. No injuries or fatalities occurred in either incident.
  • July 13, 2006: Five people, including a three-year-old girl, were injured after 2 cable cars collided and one crashed to the ground. The accident took place the Nevis Range, near Fort William in northwest Scotland.

is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location of Castellammare di Stabia in the Gulf of Naples. ... For other uses, see Naples (disambiguation). ... is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Aiguille du Midi (el. ... This article is about the Alpine mountain. ... is the 359th day of the year (360th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Puy de Sancy is the highest mountain in the Massif Central and therefore the highest mountain in central France (that is, excluding the Alps and the Pyrenees). ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... December 6 is the 340th day of the year (341st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 ([[Rf 1970 == January 1 - The Unix epoch begins at 00:00:00 UTC January 2 - The last studio performance of The Beatles oman numerals|MCMLXX]]) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Merano (Italian, now most common in English; German: Meran, also used in English; Ladin: Meran; Archaic (857 AD): Mairania; Latin: Merona; many of the regions Italian languages/dialects use Meran), is a town in the province of Bolzano-Bozen, Italy. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Betten is a municipality in the demi-district of East Raron, in the canton of Valais, Switzerland. ... is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Les Deux Alpes Les Deux Alpes (also Les 2 Alpes or Les 2 Alpes 3600) is a ski resort in the French Isère département. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Ulriken Ulriken (643 metres above sea level) is the highest of the seven mountains (de syv fjell) that surround Bergen, Norway. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Cavalese is a commune of 3,665 inhabitants in the autonomous province of Trento. ... There were two cable car disasters in the Italian ski-resort Cavalese, one in 1976 and one in 1998. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are also Vail, Arizona and Vail, Iowa. ... is the 105th day of the year (106th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... Squaw Valley Aerial Tramway is a 2. ... is the 44th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... Aosta Cathedral. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Location of Tbilisi in Georgia Coordinates: , Country Georgia Established c. ... The Muttereralmbahn is an Aerial tramway in Mutters, Tyrol, Austria. ... Innsbruck is a city in western Austria, and the capital of the federal state of Tyrol. ... is the 34th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... There were two cable car disasters in the Italian ski-resort Cavalese, one in 1976 and one in 1998. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Nebelhorn is a mountain (2224 m) which rests at the edge of Oberstdorf, Germany. ... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Darjeeling Ropeway was a ropeway in the town of Darjeeling in the Indian state of West Bengal. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Town hall Motto: none Voivodship Lubusz Municipal government Rada Miasta Zielona Góra Mayor Bożena Ronowicz Area 58,3 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 118 730 - 2047/km² Founded City rights 13th century 1323 Latitude Longitude 51°56 N 15°30 E Area code +48 68 Car plates FZ... Gmundens lakefront on a cloudy summers day Gmunden is a town in Upper Austria with 15,075 inhabitants. ... is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sölden is a municipality in the Ötztal valley of Tyrol, Austria. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Roosevelt Island Tramway is an aerial tramway in New York City. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Gallery

See also

Angels Flight, Los Angeles, California with gantlet track configuration Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania with full length parallel tracks The Gütschbahn in Lucerne, Switzerland – from an 1893 guidebook A funicular, also called funicular railway, inclined railway, inclined plane, or, in the United Kingdom, a cliff railway, is a system of... Pillar of the Glacial Aerial Tramway Kaprun, tallest aerial tramway support pillar in the world An Aerial Tramway Support Pillar (ATSP) is a pylon-like construction bearing the cable(s) of an aerial tramway. ... The Roosevelt Island Tramway is an aerial tramway in New York City. ... The Riblet Tramway Company was once the largest ski chairlift manufacturer in the world. ... List of aerial tramways around the world. ... This is a list of the worlds current and former aerial lift manufacturers. ... Coin operated cable ferry at Espevær in Bømlo, Norway A cable ferry or chain ferry is a means of water transportation by which a ferry or other boat is guided and in many cases propelled across a river or other larger body of water by means of cables... A cable car is any of a variety of transportation systems relying on cables to pull vehicles along or lower them at a steady rate, or a vehicle on these systems. ... Moanda is one of the four largest towns in Gabon, lying on the N3 road in Haut Ogooué. It is one of the most important manganese mining towns in the world, under the auspices of the Compagnie Minière de lOgooué (COMILOG), who began mining in 1957. ... Andrew Smith Hallidie was a Scot who came to America to seek his fortune, with his father, in the goldfields of California. ... An incomplete list of remarkable spans, either used for powerline crossings of rivers, sea straits or valleys, as antenna or for aerial tramways. ... The Newport Transporter Bridge A transporter bridge (also ferry bridge or aerial transfer bridge) is a type of movable bridge that carries a segment of roadway across a river. ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ...

References

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:


Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Ski lifts
Aerial lifts: Aerial tramway/Cable car/Ropeway/Téléphérique/Seilbahn | Funifor | Funitel | Gondola/Télécabine | Telemix | Detachable chairlift | Chairlift
Surface lifts: T-bar | J-bar | Platter/Button/Poma | Rope tow & handle tow | Magic carpet       Cable railwaysFunicular

  Results from FactBites:
 
Aerial tramway - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1179 words)
An aerial tramway is one or two fixed cables (called track cables), one endless loop of cable (called a haulage rope), and two passenger cabins.
Aerial tramways differ from gondola lifts in that the latter use several smaller cabins circulating on a looped cable, and can be stopped at intermediate or end stations for passenger loading and unloading when uncoupled from their haulage cable by releasing cable grips.
October 9, 2004: Crash of a cabin of the Grünberg aerial tramway in Gmunden, Austria.
History of the Passenger Tramway Safety Board (1110 words)
Tramway design and construction engineers were first to be registered with the State Board of Registration for Professional Engineers and Land Surveyors before consideration as a design or construction engineer by the CPTSB.
A private residence tramway is defined as a device installed at a private residence in such a manner that it is not accessible by the general public.
A portable tramway is no longer under the Board's jurisdiction when such tramway device is not used, or intended to be used, by the general public.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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