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Encyclopedia > Advanced Micro Devices
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
Type Public (NYSEAMD)
Founded 1969
Headquarters Sunnyvale, California, USA
Key people Jerry Sanders, co-founder
Héctor Ruiz, CEO
Industry Semiconductors
Products Microprocessors
Motherboard chipsets
Graphics processors
DTV decoder chips
Handheld media chipsets
Revenue US$6.013 billion (2007)
Net income US$3.379 billion (2007)
Employees 16,420 (2008)
Website www.amd.com

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (abbreviated AMD; NYSEAMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Sunnyvale, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for commercial and consumer markets. Its main products include microprocessors, motherboard chipsets, embedded processors and graphics processors for servers, workstations and personal computers, and processor technologies for handheld devices, digital television, and game consoles. AMD is a three-letter abbreviation with multiple meanings, as described below: Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... Image File history File links AMD_Logo. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Otto Lee Area  - Total 22. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Héctor Ruiz Dr. Héctor de Jesús Ruiz (born December 25, 1945) is the current Chairman and CEO of semiconductor company Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... The semiconductor industry is the collection of business firms engaged in the design and fabrication of semiconductor devices. ... Microprocessors, including an Intel 80486DX2 and an Intel 80386 A microprocessor (abbreviated as µP or uP) is an electronic computer central processing unit (CPU) made from miniaturized transistors and other circuit elements on a single semiconductor integrated circuit (IC) (aka microchip or just chip). ... A motherboard is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. ... GeForce 6600GT GPU A Graphics Processing Unit or GPU (also occasionally called Visual Processing Unit or VPU) is the microprocessor of a graphics card (or graphics accelerator) for a personal computer or game console. ... Digital television (DTV) refers to the sending and receiving of moving images and sound by means of discrete (digital) signals, in contrast to the analog signals used by analog TV. Introduced in the late 1990s, this technology appealed to the television broadcasting business and consumer electronics industries as offering new... This article or section reads like an advertisement. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... This article is about work. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), nicknamed the Big Board, is a New York City-based stock exchange. ... multinational corporation (or transnational corporation) (MNC/TNC) is a corporation or enterprise that manages production establishments or delivers services in at least two countries. ... The semiconductor industry is the collection of business firms engaged in the design and fabrication of semiconductor devices. ... Location in Santa Clara County and the state of California Coordinates: , Country State County Santa Clara Government  - Mayor Otto Lee Area  - Total 22. ... A CPU The processor sub-system of a data processing system processes received information after it has been encoded into data by the input sub-system. ... Microprocessors, including an Intel 80486DX2 and an Intel 80386 A microprocessor (abbreviated as µP or uP) is an electronic computer central processing unit (CPU) made from miniaturized transistors and other circuit elements on a single semiconductor integrated circuit (IC) (aka microchip or just chip). ... A motherboard is the central or primary circuit board making up a complex electronic system, such as a modern computer. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... GeForce 6600GT GPU A Graphics Processing Unit or GPU (also occasionally called Visual Processing Unit or VPU) is the microprocessor of a graphics card (or graphics accelerator) for a personal computer or game console. ... In information technology, a server is an application or device that performs services for connected clients as part of a client-server architecture. ... Sun SPARCstation 1+, 25 MHz RISC processor from early 1990s A workstation, such as a Unix workstation, RISC workstation or engineering workstation, is a high-end desktop or deskside microcomputer designed for technical applications. ... This article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Digital television (DTV) refers to the sending and receiving of moving images and sound by means of discrete (digital) signals, in contrast to the analog signals used by analog TV. Introduced in the late 1990s, this technology appealed to the television broadcasting business and consumer electronics industries as offering new... The Nintendo GameCube is an example of a popular video game console. ...


AMD is the second-largest global supplier of microprocessors based on the x86 architecture after Intel Corporation, and the third-largest supplier of graphics processing units. It also owns 21 percent of Spansion, a supplier of non-volatile flash memory. In 2007, AMD ranked eleventh among semiconductor manufacturers.[1] Intel Pentium 4 (Northwood version), one example out of a huge number of x86 implementations from Intel, AMD, and others. ... Intel redirects here. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... A USB flash drive. ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ...

Contents

Corporate history

AMD headquarters in Sunnyvale.
AMD headquarters in Sunnyvale.
AMD Markham, formerly ATi headquarters.
AMD Markham, formerly ATi headquarters.

Advanced Micro Devices was founded on May 1, 1969, by a group of former executives from Fairchild Semiconductor, including Jerry Sanders, III, Ed Turney, John Carey, Sven Simonsen, Jack Gifford and three members from Gifford's team, Frank Botte, Jim Giles, and Larry Stenger. The company began as a producer of logic chips, then entered the RAM chip business in 1975. That same year, it introduced a reverse-engineered clone of the Intel 8080 microprocessor. During this period, AMD also designed and produced a series of bit-slice processor elements (Am2900, Am29116, Am293xx) which were used in various minicomputer designs. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1503x868, 253 KB)[edit] Summary The headquarters of AMD in Sunnyvale, California. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1503x868, 253 KB)[edit] Summary The headquarters of AMD in Sunnyvale, California. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Fairchild Semiconductor introduced the first commercially available integrated circuit (although at almost the same time as one from Texas Instruments), and would go on to become one of the major players in the evolution of Silicon Valley in the 1960s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This page may meet Wikipedia’s criteria for speedy deletion. ... RAM redirects here. ... Reverse engineering (RE) is the process of taking something (a device, an electrical component, a software program, etc. ... AMD clone NEC 8080AF (2nd-source). ... A microprocessor incorporates most or all of the functions of a central processing unit (CPU) on a single integrated circuit (IC). ... Bit slicing is a technique for constructing a processor from modules, bit slice processors, each of which processes one bit field or slice of an operand. ... Am2900 is a family integrated circuits (ICs) created in 1975 by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). ...


During this time, AMD attempted to embrace the perceived shift towards RISC with their own AMD 29K processor, and they attempted to diversify into graphics and audio devices as well as EPROM memory. It had some success in the mid-80s with the AMD7910 and AMD7911 "World Chip" FSK modem, one of the first multistandard devices that covered both Bell and CCITT tones at up to 1200 baud half duplex or 300/300 full duplex. While the AMD 29K survived as an embedded processor and AMD spinoff Spansion continues to make industry leading flash memory, AMD was not as successful with its other endeavors. AMD decided to switch gears and concentrate solely on Intel-compatible microprocessors and flash memory. This put them in direct competition with Intel for x86 compatible processors and their flash memory secondary markets. Reduced Instruction Set Computer (RISC), is a microprocessor CPU design philosophy that favors a smaller and simpler set of instructions that all take about the same amount of time to execute. ... The Am29000 families were created Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: it is patent nonsense. ... A USB flash drive. ...


It has been reported in December 2006 that AMD along with its main rival in the graphics industry nVidia, received subpoenas from the Justice Department regarding possible antitrust violations in the graphics card industry, including the act of fixing prices.[2] The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... Robert F. Kennedy Department of Justice Building, Washington, D.C. For animal rights group, see Justice Department (JD) The United States Department of Justice (DOJ) is a Cabinet department in the United States government designed to enforce the law and defend the interests of the United States according to the... The Department of Justice building in Washington, D.C. is home to the United States antitrust enforcers United States antitrust law is the body of laws which prohibit anti-competitive behavior (monopoly) and unfair business practices. ...


AMD announced a merger with ATI Technologies on July 24, 2006. AMD paid $4.3 billion in cash and 58 million shares of its stock for a total of US$5.4 billion. The merger completed on October 25, 2006[3] and ATI is now part of AMD. The phrase mergers and acquisitions or M&A refers to the aspect of corporate finance strategy and management dealing with the merging and acquiring of different companies as well as assets. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Stock (disambiguation). ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Processor market history

Early AMD 8080 Processor (AMD AM9080ADC / C8080A), 1977
Early AMD 8080 Processor (AMD AM9080ADC / C8080A), 1977

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...

IBM PC and the x86 architecture

Main articles: Am286, Am386, Am486, and Am5x86

In February 1982, AMD signed a contract with Intel, becoming a licensed second-source manufacturer of 8086 and 8088 processors. IBM wanted to use the Intel 8088 in its IBM PC, but IBM's policy at the time was to require at least two sources for its chips. AMD later produced the Am286 under the same arrangement, but Intel canceled the agreement in 1986 and refused to convey technical details of the i386 part. AMD challenged Intel's decision to cancel the agreement and won in arbitration, but Intel disputed this decision. A long legal dispute followed, ending in 1994 when the Supreme Court of California sided with AMD. Subsequent legal disputes centered on whether AMD had legal rights to use derivatives of Intel's microcode. In the face of uncertainty, AMD was forced to develop "clean room" versions of Intel code. AMD started in the x86 business as a second-source manufacturer for Intels chip designs. ... AMD Am386DX-40 CPU The Am386 central processing unit microprocessor was released by AMD in 1991. ... AMD Am486 Microprocessor The Am486 was a 80486-class family of computer processors that were produced by AMD in the 1990s. ... AMD 5x86-P75 The AMD 5x86 processor is an x86-compatible CPU introduced in 1995 by AMD for use in 486-class computer systems. ... Intel redirects here. ... The 8086[1] is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel and introduced on the market in 1978, which gave rise to the x86 architecture. ... The Intel 8088 is an Intel microprocessor based on the 8086, with 16-bit registers and an 8-bit external data bus. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... IBM PC redirects here. ... AMD started in the x86 business as a second-source manufacturer for Intels chip designs. ... 386 DX redirects here. ... Justices of the Supreme Court of California (circa May 2005). ... A microprogram is a program consisting of microcode that controls the different parts of a computers central processing unit (CPU). ... For the meaning of Cleanroom engineering in software development, see Cleanroom Software Engineering. ...


In 1991, AMD released the Am386, its clone of the Intel 386 processor. It took less than a year for the company to sell a million units. Later, the Am486 was used by a number of large original equipment manufacturers, including Compaq, and proved popular. Another Am486-based product, the Am5x86, continued AMD's success as a low-price alternative. However, as product cycles shortened in the PC industry, the process of reverse engineering Intel's products became an ever less viable strategy for AMD. AMD Am386DX-40 CPU The Am386 central processing unit microprocessor was released by AMD in 1991. ... AMD Am486 Microprocessor The Am486 was a 80486-class family of computer processors that were produced by AMD in the 1990s. ... Original equipment manufacturer, or OEM, is an ambiguous and abstruse phrase used in relation to the manufacturing and marketing of products. ... Compaq Computer Corporation is an American personal computer company founded in 1982, and now a brand name of Hewlett-Packard. ... AMD 5x86-P75 The AMD 5x86 processor is an x86-compatible CPU introduced in 1995 by AMD for use in 486-class computer systems. ...


K5, K6 and Athlon

Main articles: AMD K5, AMD K6, and Athlon

AMD's first completely in-house x86 processor was the K5 which was launched in 1996.[4] The "K" was a reference to "Kryptonite", which from comic book lore, was the only substance that could harm Superman, with a clear reference to Intel, which dominated in the market at the time, as "Superman".[5] K5 core diagram AMD 5K86-P90 (SSA/5) AMD K5 PR166 The K5 was AMDs first in-house processor, developed to compete with Intels Pentium microprocessor range. ... History 1997 saw the arrival of AMDs K6 microprocessor. ... Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of different x86 processors designed and manufactured by AMD. The original Athlon, or Athlon Classic, was the first seventh-generation x86 processor and, in a first, retained the initial performance lead it had over Intels competing processors for a significant... K5 core diagram AMD 5K86-P90 (SSA/5) AMD K5 PR166 The K5 was AMDs first in-house processor, developed to compete with Intels Pentium microprocessor range. ... This article is about the fictional substance. ...


In 1996, AMD purchased NexGen specifically for the rights to their Nx series of x86-compatible processors. AMD gave the NexGen design team their own building, left them alone, and gave them time and money to rework the Nx686. The result was the K6 processor, introduced in 1997. A NexGen Nx586 processor NexGen was a private semiconductor company that designed x86 PC central processing units until it was purchased by AMD in 1996. ... History 1997 saw the arrival of AMDs K6 microprocessor. ...


The K7 was AMD's seventh generation x86 processor, making its debut on June 23, 1999, under the brand name Athlon. On October 9, 2001 the Athlon XP was released, followed by the Athlon XP with 512KB L2 Cache on February 10, 2003.[6] is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... For other uses, see Brand (disambiguation). ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Athlon 64, Opteron and Phenom

Quad-core "Barcelona" die-shot.
Main articles: Athlon 64, Opteron, and Phenom (processor)

The K8 was a major revision of the K7 architecture, with the most notable features being the addition of a 64-bit extension to the x86 instruction set (officially called AMD64), the incorporation of an on-chip memory controller, and the implementation of an extremely high performance point-to-point interconnect called HyperTransport, as part of the Direct Connect Architecture. The technology was initially launched as the Opteron server-oriented processor.[7] Shortly thereafter it was incorporated into a product for desktop PCs, branded Athlon 64.[8] Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 602 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1326 × 1320 pixel, file size: 833 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Die shot of quad-core Barcelona processor from AMD. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 602 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1326 × 1320 pixel, file size: 833 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Die shot of quad-core Barcelona processor from AMD. File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64 architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... Phenom (pronounced as IPA:, as in the word phenomenon) is the AMD desktop processor line based on the K10 (not K10h) microarchitecture [1], or Family 10h Processors, as AMD calls them. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ... The Direct Connect Architecture is the I/O architecture of the Athlon64 and Opteron microprocessors from AMD. It consists of the combination of three elements: The microprocessor is directly connected to DRAM memory through an integrated memory controller. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64 architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003. ...


AMD released the first dual core Opteron, an x86-based server CPU, on April 21, 2005.[9] The first desktop-based dual core processor family — the Athlon 64 X2 — came a month later.[10] In early May 2007, AMD had abandoned the string "64" in its dual-core desktop product branding, becoming Athlon X2, downplaying the significance of 64-bit computing in its processors while upcoming updates involves some of the improvements to the microarchitecture, and a shift of target market from mainstream desktop systems to value dual-core desktop systems. AMD has also started to release dual-core Sempron processors in early 2008 exclusively in China, branded as Sempron 2000 series, with lower HyperTransport speed and smaller L2 cache, thus the firm completes its dual-core product portfolio for each market segment. A dual-core CPU combines two independent processors and their respective caches and cache controllers onto a single silicon chip, or integrated circuit. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Diagram of an Intel Core 2 dual core processor, with CPU-local Level 1 caches, and a shared, on-die Level 2 cache. ... Athlon 64 X2 Logo Athlon 64 X2 E6 3800+ The Athlon 64 X2 is the first dual-core desktop CPU manufactured by AMD. It is essentially a processor consisting of two Athlon 64 cores joined together on one die with additional control logic. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ...


The latest AMD microprocessor architecture, known as K10, became the successor to the K8 microarchitecture. The first processors released on this architecture were introduced on September 10, 2007 consisting of nine quad-core Third Generation Opteron processors. This was followed by the Phenom processor for desktop. K10 processors will come in dual, triple-core,[11] and quad-core versions with all cores on one single die. The AMD K10 is AMDs next generation of processors. ... In computer engineering, microarchitecture (sometime abbreviated to µarch or uarch) is a description of the electrical circuitry of a computer, central processing unit, or digital signal processor that is sufficient for completely describing the operation of the hardware. ... is the 253rd day of the year (254th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Phenom (pronounced as IPA:, as in the word phenomenon) is the AMD desktop processor line based on the K10 (not K10h) microarchitecture [1], or Family 10h Processors, as AMD calls them. ... Diagram of a generic dual core processor, with CPU-local Level 1 caches, and a shared, on-die Level 2 cache. ... Diagram of a generic dual core processor, with CPU-local Level 1 caches, and a shared, on-die Level 2 cache. ...


Fusion

Main articles: AMD Fusion, Bulldozer (processor), and Bobcat (processor)

After the merger between AMD and ATI, an initiative codenamed Fusion was announced that merges a CPU and GPU on one chip, including a minimum 16 lane PCI Express link to accommodate external PCI Express peripherals, thereby eliminating the requirement of a northbridge chip completely from the motherboard. AMD will move to a modular design methodology named "M-SPACE", where two new processor cores, codenamed "Bulldozer" and "Bobcat" will be released in the 2009 timeframe. AMD Fusion is the codename for a future next-generation microprocessor design and the product of the merger between AMD and ATI, combining general processor execution as well as 3D geometry processing and other functions of todays GPUs into a single package. ... Bulldozer is the codename AMD has given to one of the next-generation CPU cores after K10 microarchitecture for the companys M-SPACE design methodology, with the core specifically aimed at 10 Watts to 100 Watts TDP computing products. ... Codenamed Bobcat, is a processor designed by AMD, which was revealed during the a speech address from AMD executive vice-president Henri Richard in Computex 2007 held in Taiwan, no specific release dates was given but rumours and speculations forecast a post-2008 launch [1]. The Bobcat processor was a... Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Image File history File links Nuvola_apps_kcmprocessor. ... AMD Fusion is the codename for a future next-generation microprocessor design and the product of the merger between AMD and ATI, combining general processor execution as well as 3D geometry processing and other functions of todays GPUs into a single package. ... CPU can stand for: in computing: Central processing unit in journalism: Commonwealth Press Union in law enforcement: Crime prevention unit in software: Critical patch update, a type of software patch distributed by Oracle Corporation in Macleans College is often known as Ash Lim. ... GPU may stand for: Graphics processing unit, a special stream processor used in computer graphics hardware Gosudarstvennoye Politicheskoye Upravlenie (Главное Политическое Управление, or Main Political Directorate) of the Red Army, responsible for troops morale and propaganda. ... PCI Express (formerly known as 3GIO for 3rd Generation I/O, not to be mistaken with PCI-X) is an implementation of the PCI computer bus that uses existing PCI programming concepts and communications standards, but bases it on a much faster serial communications system. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Bulldozer is the codename AMD has given to one of the next-generation CPU cores after K10 microarchitecture for the companys M-SPACE design methodology, with the core specifically aimed at 10 Watts to 100 Watts TDP computing products. ... Codenamed Bobcat, is a processor designed by AMD, which was revealed during the a speech address from AMD executive vice-president Henri Richard in Computex 2007 held in Taiwan, no specific release dates was given but rumours and speculations forecast a post-2008 launch [1]. The Bobcat processor was a...


While very little preliminary information exists even in AMD's Technology Analyst Day 2007, both cores are to be built from the ground up. The Bulldozer core focused on 10 watt to 100 watt products, with optimizations for performance-per-watt ratios and HPC applications and includes newly announced SSE5 instructions, while the Bobcat core will focus on 1 watt to 10 watt products, given that the core is a simplified x86 core to reduce power draw. Both of the cores will be able to incorporate full DirectX compatible GPU core(s) under the Fusion label, or as standalone products as a general purpose CPU. The field of high performance computing (HPC) comprises computing applications on (parallel) supercomputers and computer clusters. ... The SSE5 (short for Streaming SIMD Extensions 5), announced on August 30, 2007, is a new 128-bit extension to the AMD64 instruction set (itself a 64-bit extension to the 32-bit Intel x86 instruction set) for the AMD Bulldozer processor, due to begin production in 2009. ... x86 or 80x86 is the generic name of a microprocessor architecture first developed and manufactured by Intel. ...


Other platforms and technologies

AMD chipsets

See also: Comparison of AMD chipsets

Before the launch of Athlon 64 processors in 2003, AMD designed chipsets for their processors spanning the K6 and K7 processor generations. The chipsets include the AMD-640, AMD-751 and the AMD-761 chipsets. The situation changed in 2003 with the release of Athlon 64 processors, and AMD chose not to further design its own chipsets for its desktop processors while opening the desktop platform to allow other firms to design chipsets. This is the "Open Platform Initiative". The initiative was proven to be a success, with many firms such as Nvidia, ATI, VIA and SiS developing their own chipset for Athlon 64 processors and later Athlon 64 X2 and Athlon 64 FX processors, including the Quad FX platform chipset from Nvidia. This is a comparison of chipsets sold under the brand AMD, manufactured before May 2004 by the company itself, before the adoption of open platform approach as well as chipsets manufactured by ATI Technologies (ATI) after July 2006 as the completion of the ATI acquisition. ... The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64 architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003. ... History 1997 saw the arrival of AMDs K6 microprocessor. ... Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of different x86 processors designed and manufactured by AMD. The original Athlon, or Athlon Classic was the first seventh-generation x86 processor and, in a first, retained the initial performance lead it had over Intels competing processors for a significant... The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64 architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003. ... The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... Look up via in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sis may refer to: An abbreviation of sister. ... The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64 architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003. ... Athlon 64 X2 Logo Athlon 64 X2 E6 3800+ The Athlon 64 X2 is the first dual-core desktop CPU manufactured by AMD. It is essentially a processor consisting of two Athlon 64 cores joined together on one die with additional control logic. ... The Athlon 64 FX is an AMD K8 series processor targeted at enthusiasts. ... The AMD Quad FX platform is an AMD platform targeted at enthusiasts which allows users to plug two Socket F Athlon 64 FX or 2-way Opteron processors (CPUs) into a single motherboard for a total of four physical cores [1]. This is a type of dual processor setup, where...


The initiative went further with the release of Opteron server processors as AMD stopped the design of server chipsets in 2004 after releasing the AMD-8111 chipset, and again opened the server platform for firms to develop chipsets for Opteron processors. As of today, Nvidia and Broadcom are the sole designing firms of server chipsets for Opteron processors. The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... Broadcom Corporation is a leading American supplier of integrated circuits (ICs) for broadband communications. ...


As the company completed the acquisition of ATI Technologies in 2006, the firm gained the ATI design team for chipsets which previously designed the Radeon Xpress 200 and the Radeon Xpress 3200 chipsets. AMD then renamed the chipsets for AMD processors under AMD branding (for instance, the CrossFire Xpress 3200 chipset was renamed as AMD 580X CrossFire chipset). In February 2007, AMD announced the first AMD-branded chipset since 2004 with the release of the AMD 690G chipset (previously under the development codename RS690), targeted at mainstream IGP computing. It was the industry's first to implement a HDMI 1.2 port on motherboards, shipping for more than a million units. While ATI had aimed at releasing an Intel IGP chipset, the plan was scrapped and the inventories of Radeon Xpress 1250 (codenamed RS600, sold under ATI brand) was sold to two OEMs, Abit and AsRock. Although AMD states the firm will still produce Intel chipsets, Intel had not granted the license of 1333 MHz FSB to ATI. Considering the rivalry between AMD and Intel, AMD is less likely to release more Intel chipset designs in the foreseeable future. Ati Radeon 200 Logo The Xpress 200 is a computer chipset released by ATi. ... The Xpress 3200 is a new revision of the Xpress 200 computer chipset released by ATI. The chipset supports AMD64 processors of the Socket 939 and also of the Socket AM2. ... AMD 580 chipset series is a computer chipset series designed by AMD subsidairy ATI Technologies, for the AMD processors. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... The High-Definition Multi-media Interface (HDMI) is an industry-supported, uncompressed, all-digital audio/video interface. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ...


On November 15, 2007, AMD has announced a new chipset series portfolio, the AMD 7-Series chipsets, covering from enthusiast multi-graphics segment to value IGP segment, to replace the AMD 480/570/580 chipsets and AMD 690 series chipsets. Marking AMD's first enthusiast multi-graphics chipset. Discrete graphics chipsets were launched on November 15, 2007 as part of the codenamed Spider desktop platform, and IGP chipsets were launched at a later time in Spring 2008 as part of the codenamed Cartwheel platform. The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of upcoming chipsets designed by ATI to be sold under the AMD brand and is scheduled to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ... AMD 580 chipset series is a computer chipset series designed by AMD subsidairy ATI Technologies, for the AMD processors. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ...


AMD will also return to the server chipsets market with the next-generation AMD 800S series server chipsets, scheduled to be released in 2009 timeframe.


AMD Live!

Main article: AMD Live!

AMD LIVE! is a platform marketing initiative focusing the consumer electronics segment, with a recently announced Active TV initiative for streaming Internet videos from web video services such as YouTube, into AMD Live! PC as well as connected digital TVs, together with a scheme for an ecosystem of certified peripherals for the ease of customers to identify peripherals for AMD Live! systems for digital home experience, called "AMD Live! Ready".[12] AMD LIVE! Logo AMD LIVE! is the name of Advanced Micro Devices initiative in 2005 aimed at gathering the support of professional musicians and other media producers behind its hardware products. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ...


AMD Quad FX platform

Main article: AMD Quad FX platform

The AMD Quad FX platform, being an extreme enthusiast platform, allows two processors to connect through HyperTransport, which is a similar setup to dual-processor (2P) servers, excluding the use of buffered memory/registered memory DIMM modules, and a server motherboard, the current setup includes two Athlon 64 FX FX-70 series processors and a special motherboard. AMD pushed the platform for the surging demands for what AMD calls "megatasking" for true enthusiasts,[13] the ability to do more tasks on one single system. The platform refreshes with the introduction of Phenom FX processors and the next-generation RD790 chipset, codenamed "FASN8". The AMD Quad FX platform is an AMD platform targeted at enthusiasts which allows users to plug two Socket F Athlon 64 FX or 2-way Opteron processors (CPUs) into a single motherboard for a total of four physical cores [1]. This is a type of dual processor setup, where... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ... Buffered memory is an older term for registered memory. ... Registered (also called buffered) memory modules have a register between the SDRAM modules and the systems memory controller. ... Two types of DIMMs: a 168-pin SDRAM module (top) and a 184-pin DDR SDRAM module (bottom). ... The Athlon 64 FX is an AMD K8 series processor targeted at enthusiasts. ... The AMD K10 is AMDs next generation of processors. ... RD700 series is a chipset series made by ATI and is targeted to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ...


Commercial platform

The first AMD server/workstation platform after ATI acquisition is scheduled to be released on 2009 timeframe. Codenamed Piranha, the server platform consists of AMD 870S/890S + SB700S server chipsets, supporting Socket G3 processors starting from 45 nm processors codenamed Montreal, with the implementation of G3MX memory buffering technology. For other uses, see Piranha (disambiguation). ... The 45 nanometer (45 nm) process is the next milestone (to be commercially viable in late 2006 to early 2007) in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ... The Socket G3 Memory Extender or in short G3MX is Advanced Micro Devices solution to the problem of connecting large amounts of memory to a single microprocessor. ...


AMD's virtualization extension to the 64-bit x86 architecture is named AMD Virtualization, also known by the abbreviation AMD-V, and is sometimes referred to by the code name "Pacifica". AMD processors using Socket AM2, Socket S1, and Socket F include AMD Virtualization support. AMD Virtualization is also supported by release two (8200, 2200 and 1200 series) of the Opteron processors. The third generation (8300 and 2300 series) of Opteron processors will see an update in virtualization technology, specifically the Rapid Virtualization Indexing (also known by the development name Nested Page Tables), alongside the Tagged TLB and Device Exclusion Vector (DEV). In computing, virtualization is a broad term that refers to the abstraction of computer resources. ... Virtualization Technology is the name of the mutually incompatible virtualization technologies from Intel and AMD, previously known by their respective codenames Vanderpool and Pacifica. They allow a single machine to run multiple operating systems at once without incurring significant emulation costs. ... The Socket AM2, renamed from Socket M2 (to prevent using the same name as Cyrix MII processors), is a CPU socket designed by AMD for desktop processors, including the performance, mainstream and value segments. ... Socket S1 is the new type of CPU socket predicted to be used by AMD for their new Turion and Athlon 64 Mobile processors. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... A Translation Lookaside Buffer (TLB) is a cache in a CPU that is used to improve the speed of virtual address translation. ...


AMD also promotes the "AMD I/O Virtualization Technology" (also known as IOMMU) for I/O virtualization.[14] The AMD IOMMU specification has been updated to version 1.2.[15] The specification describes the use of a HyperTransport architecture. Comparison of the I/O memory management unit (IOMMU) to the memory management unit (MMU). ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ...


AMD's commercial initiatives include the following:

  • AMD Trinity, provides support for virtualization, security and management. Key features include AMD-V technology, codenamed Presidio trusted computing platform technology, I/O Virtualization and Open Management Partition.[16]
  • AMD Raiden, future clients similar to the Jack PC[17] to be connected through network to a blade server for central management, to reduce client form factor sizes with AMD Trinity features.
  • Torrenza, coprocessors support through interconnects such as HyperTransport as PCI Express (though more focus was at HyperTransport enabled coprocessors), also opening processor socket architecture to other manufacturers, Sun and IBM are among the supporting consortium, with rumoured POWER7 processors would be socket-compatible to future Opteron processors. The move made rival Intel responded with the open of Front Side Bus (FSB) architecture as well as Geneseo,[18] a collaboration project with IBM for coprocessors connected through PCI Express. Note that AMD positioned Torrenza for commercial segment, whilst Intel positioned Geneseo for all segments including consumer desktop segments[citation needed].
  • Various certified systems programs and platforms: AMD Commercial Stable Image Platform (CSIP), together with AMD Validated Server program, AMD True Server Solutions, AMD Thermally Tested Barebones Platforms and AMD Validated Server Program, providing certified systems for business from AMD.

Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... Presidio is a place in the State of Texas in the United States of America: see Presidio, Texas. ... Logo of Trusted Computing Group, an initiative to implement Trusted Computing Trusted Computing (commonly abbreviated TC) is a technology developed and promoted by the Trusted Computing Group (TCG). ... Jack PC is a fully managed computer integrated into a standard LAN jack. ... Torrenza is a technology developed by AMD that paves the way for specialised coprocessors to run in spare CPU sockets on multiway CPU systems. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ... PCI Express (formerly known as 3GIO for 3rd Generation I/O, not to be mistaken with PCI-X) is an implementation of the PCI computer bus that uses existing PCI programming concepts and communications standards, but bases it on a much faster serial communications system. ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... POWER7 is a microprocessor currently under development at IBM Research as of April 2005. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... A typical north/southbridge layout In personal computers, the Front Side Bus (FSB) is the data transfer bus that carries information between the CPU and the northbridge of the Motherboard. ... Geneseo is the name of several places in the United States: Geneseo, Illinois Geneseo, Kansas Geneseo (town), New York Geneseo (village), New York This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... PCI Express (formerly known as 3GIO for 3rd Generation I/O, not to be mistaken with PCI-X) is an implementation of the PCI computer bus that uses existing PCI programming concepts and communications standards, but bases it on a much faster serial communications system. ...

Desktop platforms

Starting in 2007, AMD, following Intel, began using codenames for its desktop platforms. The platforms, unlike Intel's approach, will refresh every year, putting focus on platform specialization. The platform includes components as AMD processors, chipsets, ATI graphics and other features, but continued to the open platform approach, and welcome components from other vendors such as VIA, SiS, and Nvidia, as well as wireless product vendors. A code name or cryptonym is a word or name used clandestinely to refer to another name or word. ...


Updates to the platform includes the implemtation of IOMMU I/O Virtualization with 45 nm generation of processors, and the AMD 800 chipset series in 2009.[19] Comparison of the I/O memory management unit (IOMMU) to the memory management unit (MMU). ... x86 virtualization is the method by which x86-based guest operating systems are run under another host x86 operating system, with little or no modification of the guest OS. The x86 processor architecture did not originally meet the Popek and Goldberg virtualization requirements. ... The 45 nanometer (45 nm) process is the next milestone (to be commercially viable in late 2006 to early 2007) in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ...


Embedded systems

In February 2002, AMD acquired Alchemy Semiconductor and continued its line of processor in MIPS architecture processors, targets the hand-held and Portable media player markets. On 13 June 2006, AMD officially announced that the Alchemy processor line was transferred to Raza Microelectronics Inc.[20] The Alchemy processor is a low power processor family from Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... National Semiconductor Geode GX1, 233 MHz Geode is a series of x86-compatible microprocessors and I/O companions produced by AMD targeted at the embedded computing market. ... A MIPS R4400 microprocessor made by Toshiba. ... An idle PMP compared with a coin A portable multimedia player (PMP) - sometimes referred to as a portable video player (PVP) - is an electronic device that is capable of storing and playing digital media. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Alchemy processor is a low power processor family from Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ...


In August 2003, AMD also purchased the Geode business which was originally the Cyrix MediaGX from National Semiconductor to augment its existing line of embedded x86 processor products. During the second quarter of 2004, it launched new low-power Geode NX processors based on the K7 Thoroughbred architecture with speeds of fanless processors 667 MHz and 1 GHz, and 1.4 GHz processor with fan, of TDP 25 W. This technology is used in a variety of embedded systems (Casino slot machines and customer kiosks for instance), several UMPC designs in Asia markets, as well as the OLPC XO-1 computer, an inexpensive laptop computer intended to be distributed to children in developing countries around the world. National Semiconductor Geode GX1, 233 MHz Geode is a series of x86-compatible microprocessors and I/O companions produced by AMD targeted at the embedded computing market. ... Cyrix was a CPU manufacturer that began in 1988 in Richardson, TX as a specialist supplier of high-performance math co-processors for 286 and 386 systems. ... Cyrix Media GX Microprocessor Introduced in 1997, the MediaGX CPU was an x86 processor manufactured by designed by Cyrix and manufactured by National Semiconductor. ... Categories: Electronics companies of the United States | Companies based in California | Corporation stubs ... The Thermal Design Power (TDP) represents the maximum amount of power the thermal solution in a computer system is required to dissipate. ... For other uses, see Watt (disambiguation). ... Samsung Q1 UMPC, using Touch Pack Interface. ... The XO-1, previously known as the $100 Laptop or Childrens Machine, is an inexpensive laptop computer intended to be distributed to children in developing countries around the world [1], to provide them with access to knowledge. ...


For the past couple of years AMD has been introducing 64-bit processors into its embedded product line starting with the AMD Opteron processor. Leveraging the high throughput enabled through HyperTransport and the Direct Connect Architecture these server class processors have been targeted at high end telecom and storage applications. In 2006 AMD added the AMD Athlon, AMD Turion and Mobile AMD Sempron processors to its embedded product line. Leveraging the same 64-bit instruction set and Direct Connect Architecture as the AMD Opteron but at lower power levels and in smaller footprint packages[citation needed], these processors were well suited to a variety of traditional embedded applications. Throughout 2007 and into 2008 AMD has continued to add both single-core Mobile AMD Sempron and AMD Athlon processors and dual-core AMD Athlon X2 and AMD Turion processors to its embedded product line and now offers embedded 64-bit solutions starting with 8W TDP Mobile AMD Sempron and AMD Athlon processors for fan-less designs up to multi-processor systems leveraging multi-core AMD Opteron processors all supporting longer than standard availability. The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ... The Direct Connect Architecture is the I/O architecture of the Athlon64 and Opteron microprocessors from AMD. It consists of the combination of three elements: The microprocessor is directly connected to DRAM memory through an integrated memory controller. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ... The Direct Connect Architecture is the I/O architecture of the Athlon64 and Opteron microprocessors from AMD. It consists of the combination of three elements: The microprocessor is directly connected to DRAM memory through an integrated memory controller. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... Diagram of an Intel Core 2 dual core processor, with CPU-local Level 1 caches, and a shared, on-die Level 2 cache. ... The AMD64 or x86-64 is a 64-bit processor architecture invented by AMD. It is a superset of the x86 architecture, which it natively supports. ...


In April 2007, AMD announced the release of the M690T integrated graphics chipset for embedded designs. This enabled AMD to offer complete processor and chipset solutions targeted at embedded applications requiring high performance 3D and video such as emerging digital signage, kiosk and Point of Sale applications. The M690T was followed by the M690E specifically for embedded applications which removed the TV output, which required Macrovision licensing for OEMs, and enabled native support for dual TMDS outputs, enabling dual independent DVI interfaces. The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... Macrovision is a company that creates electronic copy prevention schemes, established in 1983. ... Transition Minimized Differential Signaling (TMDS) is a technology for transmitting high-speed serial data and is used by the DVI and HDMI video interfaces. ... DVI redirects here. ...


Flash technology

Main article: Spansion

While less visible to the general public than its CPU business, AMD is also a global leader in flash memory. In 1993, AMD established a 50-50 partnership with Fujitsu called FASL, and merged into a new company called FASL LLC in 2003. The joint venture firm went public under ticker symbol SPSN in December 2005, with AMD shares drop to 37%. There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... A USB flash drive. ... For the district in Saga, Japan, see Fujitsu, Saga. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


AMD no longer directly participates in the Flash memory devices market now as AMD entered into a non-competition agreement, as of December 21, 2005, with Fujitsu and Spansion, pursuant to which it agreed not to directly or indirectly engage in a business that manufactures or supplies standalone semiconductor devices (including single chip, multiple chip or system devices) containing only Flash memory.[21] is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Mobile platforms

Main article: AMD mobile platform

AMD started a platform in 2003 aimed at mobile computing, but, with fewer advertisements and promotional schemes, very little was known about the platform. The platform used mobile Athlon 64 or mobile Sempron processors. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The AMD mobile platform is an open platform for laptops from AMD. Though little marketing was done on this platform, it has been competing with the Centrino platform in the segment to gain more marketshare. ... . ... The Sempron is AMDs newest low-end CPU, replacing the Duron processor. ...


As part of the "Better by design" initiative, the open mobile platform, announced February 2007 with announcement of general availability in May 2007, comes together with 65 nm fabrication process Turion 64 X2, and consists of three major components: an AMD processor, graphics from either Nvidia or ATI Technologies which also includes integrated graphics (IGP), and wireless connectivity solutions from Atheros, Broadcom, Marvell, Qualcomm or Realtek. The 65 nanometer (65 nm) process is the next milestone as of 2005 in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ... For other uses, see Turion. ... The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... Atheros Communications (NASDAQ: ATHR) is a developer of semiconductors for wireless communications. ... Broadcom Corporation is a leading American supplier of integrated circuits (ICs) for broadband communications. ... Marvell (NASDAQ: MRVL) is an American producer of storage, communications and consumer semiconductor products. ... Qualcomm (NASDAQ: QCOM) is a wireless telecommunications research and development company based in San Diego, California. ... Realtek Semiconductor Corp. ...


The Puma platform and Turion Ultra processor was released on June 4, 2008. In the future, AMD plans quad-core processors with 3D graphics capabilities (Fusion) to be launched in 2009 as the Eagle platform. The AMD mobile platform is an open platform for laptops from AMD. Though little marketing was done on this platform, it has been competing with the Centrino platform in the segment to gain more marketshare. ... AMD Fusion is the codename for a future next-generation microprocessor design and the product of the merger between AMD and ATI, combining general processor execution as well as 3D geometry processing and other functions of todays GPUs into a single package. ... The AMD mobile platform is an open platform for laptops from AMD. Though little marketing was done on this platform, it has been competing with the Centrino platform in the segment to gain more marketshare. ...


Other initiatives

  • 50x15, digital inclusion, with targeted 50% of world population to be connected through Internet via affordable computers by the year of 2015.
  • The Green Grid,[22] founded by AMD together with other founders, such as IBM, Sun and Microsoft, to seek lower power consumption for grids. Intel was notably absent from the consortium when it was founded, and finally joined in early 2007.[23]
  • Codenamed SIMFIRE interoperability testing tool for the Desktop and mobile Architecture for System Hardware (DASH) open architecture.

The 50x15 Initiative, launched by AMD at 2004 at the World Economic Forum, aims at providing accessible Internet and computers for 50 percent of the worlds population by the year 2015. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ...

Software

  • Extensions for software parallelism (xSP), aimed at speeding up programs to enable multi-threaded and multi-core processing, announced in Technology Analyst Day 2007. One of the initiative being discussed since August 2007 is the Light Weight Profiling (LWP), providing internal hardware monitor with runtimes, to observe information about executing process and help the re-design of software to be optimized with multi-core and even multi-threaded programs. Another one is the extension of Streaming SIMD Extension (SSE) instruction set, the SSE5.

The SSE5 (short for Streaming SIMD Extensions 5), announced on August 30, 2007, is a new 128-bit extension to the AMD64 instruction set (itself a 64-bit extension to the 32-bit Intel x86 instruction set) for the AMD Bulldozer processor, due to begin production in 2009. ...

Technologies from ATI

After the takeover of ATI, AMD restructured some of the product lineups from both companies. Some products were being rebranded under the AMD brand, including the Imageon for mobile phones and handheld devices, the Xilleon for consumer electronics (digital TV sets), ATI Xpress chipsets (to AMD chipsets) for AMD processors platform and GPGPU computing line-up FireStream, previously known as AMD Stream Processor. Some others retained the use of ATI branding, including the Radeon line of graphics, and chipsets for Intel processors. ATI Technologies Inc. ... Imageon with Imageon TV The Imageon (previously ATI Imageon) is a line of media processor line developed by ATI providing graphics acceleration and other multimedia features for handheld devices such as mobile phones and Personal Digital Assistants (PDA). ... A handheld is most often used to refer to: A personal digital assistant (PDA). ... Xilleon chip internal layout The ATI Xilleon video processor is a 32-bit system-on-a-chip MIPS processor, for use in set-top boxes and digital TVs, providing MPEG2 decoding and other functions for major worldwide broadcast networks (including PAL, NTSC, SECAM and ATSC). ... Consumer electronics is a term used to describe the category of electronic equipment intended for everyday use by people, the consumers. ... The AMD Stream Processor (previously branded as ATI FireStream) is a stream processor developed by ATI Technologies, targeting various segments, such as the High Performance Computing (HPC), scientific and financial sectors which utilize the stream processing/GPGPU concept for heavy floating-point computations. ... The AMD Stream Processor (previously branded as ATI FireStream) is a stream processor developed by ATI Technologies. ... ATI Radeon is a brand of graphics processing units (GPU) that has been manufactured by ATI Technologies since 2000 and the successor to their Rage line. ...


Production and fabrication

Only real men have fabs.
Former AMD CEO Jerry Sanders, III,[24]

AMD produces their own processors in wholly owned semiconductor Fabrication Plants, called "FABs". AMD uses a "FAB x" naming convention for their production facilities, where "x" is the number of years that have passed between the founding of AMD and the date the FAB opened. Chief Executive redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Fabrication plant. ... A naming convention is an attempt to systematize names in a field so they unambiguously convey similar information in a similar manner. ...


At their Fabrication facilities, AMD utilizes a system called Automated Precision Manufacturing (APM). APM is a collection of manufacturing technologies AMD has developed over their history (many of which AMD holds patents for), which are designed to enhance the microprocessor production process, primarily in terms of yield. Much of APM is related to removing the "human equation" from the manufacturing process by isolating in-process wafers in containers that are only exposed to clean room facilities. AMD claims that the technologies that combine to make APM are unique to the industry and make it the foremost semiconductor manufacturer in the world - a fact which is lent some credence by their current agreement with Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing based in Singapore. India's first Fab City, a silicon chip manufacturing facility, being setup with an investment of $3 billion by the AMD-SemIndia consortium. NASAs Glenn Research Center cleanroom. ... It has been suggested that Wafer prober be merged into this article or section. ... Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing (SGX: C27) (NASDAQ: CHRT) (abbreviated CSM) is the worlds third largest dedicated independent semiconductor foundry, with its headquarters and main operations located in Singapore. ...


AMD currently has a production agreement with foundry Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing which allows Chartered access to AMD Automated Precision Manufacturing (APM) process technology, in exchange for which Chartered will act as extra production capacity for AMD. Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing (SGX: C27) (NASDAQ: CHRT) (abbreviated CSM) is the worlds third largest dedicated independent semiconductor foundry, with its headquarters and main operations located in Singapore. ...


Through the acquisition of ATI, AMD also has manufacturing agreements with TSMC to produce ATI's lines of graphics and chipset processors. It is currently unclear how much of ATI's manufacturing needs will be moved to AMD's own fabs and how much will remain outsourced to other foundry companies, but AMD has announced plans for future processors to be outsourced to TSMC, while coincidently TSMC had announced it had received orders to fabricate x86 processors. Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited (Traditional Chinese: 台灣積體電路製造股份有限公司, abbrev. ... Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited (Traditional Chinese: 台灣積體電路製造股份有限公司, abbrev. ...

AMD Saxony in Dresden, Germany is the major wafer production site.
AMD Saxony in Dresden, Germany is the major wafer production site.

AMD's main microprocessor manufacturing and design facilities are located in Dresden, Germany. Additionally, highly integrated microprocessors are manufactured in Taiwan made by third-party manufacturers under strict license from AMD. Between 2003 and 2005, they constructed a second manufacturing plant (300 mm 90 nm process SOI) in the same complex in order to increase the number of chips they can produce, thus becoming more competitive with Intel. The new plant has been named "Fab 36", in recognition of AMD's 36 years of operation, and is expected to reach full production in mid-2007. AMD recently announced that they have just completed the conversion of Fab 36 from 90 nm to 65 nm and have now shifted their focus to the 45 nm conversion.[25] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1120x840, 267 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): AMD Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1120x840, 267 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): AMD Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... The Free State of Saxony (German: Freistaat Sachsen; Sorbian: Swobodny Stat Sakska) has a land area of 18,413 km² and a population of 4. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... This article is about the city in Germany. ... Since 2002 and up to 2004, the 90 nanometer (90 nm) process has been a buzzword in the electronic, the LSI and semiconductor manufacturing, and fabrication industries. ... Silicon on insulator technology (SOI) refers to the use of a layered silicon-insulator-silicon substrate in place of conventional silicon substrates in semiconductor manufacturing, especially microelectronics, to reduce parasitic device capacitance and thereby improve performance. ... Intel Corporation (NASDAQ: INTC, SEHK: 4335), founded in 1968 as Integrated Electronics Corporation, is an American multinational corporation that is best known for designing and manufacturing microprocessors and specialized integrated circuits. ... The 65 nanometer (65 nm) process is the next milestone as of 2005 in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ... The 45 nanometer (45 nm) process is the next milestone (to be commercially viable in late 2006 to early 2007) in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ...


AMD has planned expansions in their production capacity. In addition to the completion of Fab 36 in Dresden, AMD is planning to upgrade Fab 30 (adjacent to Fab 36) in Dresden from 200 mm 90 nm process SOI to a 300 mm 65 nm process SOI facility and rename it Fab 38. Originally, Fab 30 was supposed to begin 65 nm production in late 2007 but AMD recently announced they would slow down the upgrade to reduce capital expenditures.[26] Silicon on insulator technology (SOI) refers to the use of a layered silicon-insulator-silicon substrate in place of conventional silicon substrates in semiconductor manufacturing, especially microelectronics, to reduce parasitic device capacitance and thereby improve performance. ... Silicon on insulator technology (SOI) refers to the use of a layered silicon-insulator-silicon substrate in place of conventional silicon substrates in semiconductor manufacturing, especially microelectronics, to reduce parasitic device capacitance and thereby improve performance. ...


Packaging and testing facilities for its microprocessor products are located in Singapore, Malaysia and China.


Furthermore, AMD announced plans to open a new $3.2 billion facility at the Luther Forest Technology Campus across the towns of Malta and Stillwater in Saratoga County, New York. This new Fab 4x will likely produce 300 mm 32 nm process SOI production, with construction taking place from 2009 to 2010. Some speculation exists as to whether this facility will use high-K/metal gate technology that AMD obtained from IBM.[27] The 32 nanometer (32 nm) process is the next step after the 45 nanometer process in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ...


AMD has also invested $3billion to build a chip fabrication plant in India. Currently, AMD is manufacturing chips in India as a result of their partnership with SemIndia, a group of investors aiming at building a wafer fab, as well as assembly and test operation centers. "AMD ponders over new chip plant in India"


In June 2006, Chartered Semiconductor began shipments of manufactured AMD microprocessors, many of which are shipped from Singapore to Taiwanese and Chinese OEM/ODM manufacturing companies that build computers for companies like Lenovo and Dell.[28] Chartered Semiconductor Manufacturing SGX: C27 NASDAQ: CHRT (abbreviated CSM) is the worlds fourth largest dedicated independent semiconductor foundry, with its headquarters and main operations located in the Woodlands Industrial Park, Kranji Singapore. ... Lenovo Group Limited, formerly known as Legend Group Limited, is the largest personal computer manufacturer in the Peoples Republic of China, and as of 2004 is the eighth largest in the world. ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ...


AMD maintains major design facilities in Fort Collins, CO, Sunnyvale, CA, Austin, TX, Boxborough, MA, Bangalore, India, and Hyderabad, India. With the acquisition of ATI Technologies, the company gained ownership over major design facilities in Markham, ON and Santa Clara, CA. Horsetooth Rock, atop Horsetooth Mountain, is often used as a symbol of Fort Collins Fort Collins, situated on the Cache la Poudre River, is the largest city and county seat of Larimer County, Colorado. ... Sunnyvale is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, USA. It is one of the major cities that make up the Silicon Valley. ... Skyline from Town Lake Austin is the capital of the state of Texas, within the United States of America. ... Boxborough is a town located in Middlesex County, Massachusetts, USA. As of the 2000 census, the town had a total population of 4,868. ... Bangalore (ಬೆಂಗಳೂರು in Kannada) is the capital and largest city of the state of Karnataka in India. ... For other uses, see Hyderabad. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... Markham is a town in York Region, directly north of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Santa Clara, founded in 1852, is a city located in Santa Clara County, in the U.S. state of California. ...


Corporate affairs

Partnerships

AMD utilizes strategic industry partnerships to further its business interests as well as to tackle Intel's dominance and resources. Notably Nvidia's nForce2 chipset generated substantial revenues for Nvidia as a popular enthusiast part. The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... The nForce2 Chipset was released by NVIDIA in July of 2002 as a refresh to the original nForce product offering. ...


A partnership between AMD and Alpha Processor Inc. developed HyperTransport, a point-to-point interconnect standard which was turned over to an industry standards body for finalization. It is now used in modern AMD processor compatible motherboards. HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ...


AMD also formed a strategic partnership with IBM, under which AMD gained silicon on insulator (SOI) manufacturing technology, and detailed advice on 90 nm implementation, the partnership was announced by AMD to be extended to 2011 for 32 nm and 22 nm fabrication related technologies.[29] Further, AMD is loosely partnered with end-user companies such as HP, Compaq, ASUS, Alienware, Acer, Evesham Technology, Dell and several others to facilitate processor distribution and sales. Silicon on insulator technology (SOI) refers to the use of a layered silicon-insulator-silicon substrate in place of conventional silicon substrates in semiconductor manufacturing, especially microelectronics, to reduce parasitic device capacitance and thereby improve performance. ... Since 2002 and up to 2004, the 90 nanometer (90 nm) process has been a buzzword in the electronic, the LSI and semiconductor manufacturing, and fabrication industries. ... The 32 nanometer (32 nm) process is the next step after the 45 nanometer process in semiconductor manufacturing and fabrication. ... The 22 nanometer (22 nm) node is the CMOS process step following 32 nm. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Compaq Computer Corporation is an American personal computer company founded in 1982, and now a brand name of Hewlett-Packard. ... ASUSTeK Computer Incorporated (Asus) (TSE: 2357) (traditional Chinese: ) is a Taiwan-based company that produces motherboards, graphics cards, optical drives, PDAs, notebook computers, servers, networking products, mobile phones, computer cases, computer components and computer cooling systems. ... Alienware headquarters in Kendall Alienware is an American computer hardware company and a wholly-owned subsidiary of Dell, Inc. ... Acer (LSE: ACID) (Traditional Chinese: ) is a Taiwanese multinational electronics manufacturer. ... Evesham Technology is a computer company based in Evesham, Worcestershire, England. ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ...


On May 18, 2006, Dell announced that it would roll out new servers based on AMD's Opteron chips by years end, thus ending an exclusive relationship with Intel. Dell also began offering AMD Athlon X2 chips in their desktop line-up in September 2006. is the 138th day of the year (139th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


AMD is also a sponsor of the Scuderia Ferrari Marlboro F1 Team since 2002 and the Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team since 2004. Scuderia Ferrari is the name for the Gestione Sportiva, the division of the Ferrari automobile company concerned with racing. ... Discovery Channel Pro Cycling Team (UCI Team Code: DSC) is a US-based professional road bicycle racing team. ...


Litigation with Intel

AMD has a long history of litigation with former partner and x86 creator Intel.[30][31][32] Intel redirects here. ...

  • In 1986 Intel broke an agreement it had with AMD to allow them to produce Intel's micro-chips for IBM; AMD filed for arbitration in 1987 and the arbitrator decided in AMD's favor in 1992. Intel disputed this, and the case ended up in the Supreme Court of California. In 1994, that court upheld the arbitrator's decision and awarded damages for breach of contract.
  • In 1990, Intel brought a copyright infringement action alleging illegal use of its 287 microcode. The case ended in 1994 with a jury finding for AMD and its right to use Intel's microcode in its microprocessors through the 486 generation.
  • In 1997, Intel filed suit against AMD and Cyrix Corp. for misuse of the term MMX. AMD and Intel settled, with AMD acknowledging MMX as a trademark owned by Intel, and with Intel granting AMD rights to market the AMD K6 MMX processor.
  • In 2005, following an investigation, the Japan Federal Trade Commission found Intel guilty on a number of violations. On June 27, 2005, AMD won an antitrust suit against Intel in Japan, and on the same day, AMD filed a broad antitrust complaint against Intel in the U.S. Federal District Court in Delaware. The complaint alleges systematic use of secret rebates, special discounts, threats, and other means used by Intel to lock AMD processors out of the global market. Since the start of this action, The Court has issued subpoenas to major computer manufacturers including Dell, Microsoft, IBM, HP, Sony, and Toshiba.

For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Arbitration is a legal technique for the resolution of disputes outside the courts, wherein the parties to a dispute refer it to one or more persons (the arbitrators or arbitral tribunal), by whose decision (the award) they agree to be bound. ... Justices of the Supreme Court of California (circa May 2005). ... Cyrix was a CPU manufacturer that began in 1988 in Richardson, TX as a specialist supplier of high-performance math co-processors for 286 and 386 systems. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Department of Justice building in Washington, D.C. is home to the United States antitrust enforcers United States antitrust law is the body of laws which prohibit anti-competitive behavior (monopoly) and unfair business practices. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... A subpoena is a command to appear at a certain time and place to give testimony upon a certain matter. ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters (Center) in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March 31, 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ...

Events and publications

Although AMD has frequently stated the inability of providing information about upcoming products and plans, AMD holds Technology Analyst Days (which often shorten as simply "Analyst Day") annually or semi-annually to reveal and explain key future technologies, as well as official technology roadmaps. While the event held in mid-year is named as "Technology Analyst Day" with main focus on upcoming technologies and trends[33] and the end-of-year event is named "Financial Analyst Day" and focused on the financial performance of the company during the previous quarters of the year[34] // The existence of product managers in the product software industry indicates that software is becoming more and more commercialized as a standard product. ...


AMD also publishes printed media. Publications include the AMD Accelerate and the discontinued AMDEdge. The AMD Accelerate magazine, published through Ziff Davis Media, puts focus on SME and business applications while AMD Edge focused on overall technologies from AMD. AMD also has electronic newsletters to promote server Opteron processors and related business solutions. “Publisher” redirects here. ... Ziff-Davis Inc. ... SME may stand for: Social Market Economy Small and medium enterprise(s), a synonym for Small and Medium-sized Business(es) (SMB) Spontaneous Music Ensemble Subject Matter Expert Structure Mapping Engine, analogy-based AI technology by Ken Forbus based on Dedre Gentners structure-mapping theory Sony Music Entertainment, a... Look up Newsletter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ...


See also

Intel redirects here. ... Intel Pentium 4 (Northwood version), one example out of a huge number of x86 implementations from Intel, AMD, and others. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... A NexGen Nx586 processor NexGen was a private semiconductor company that designed x86 PC central processing units until it was purchased by AMD in 1996. ... The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... The AMD FireStream (previously branded as ATI FireStream, also AMD Stream Processor [1]) is a stream processor developed by ATI Technologies. ... Imageon with Imageon TV The Imageon (previously ATI Imageon) is a line of media processor line developed by ATI providing graphics acceleration and other multimedia features for handheld devices such as mobile phones and Personal Digital Assistants (PDA). ... Xilleon chip internal layout The ATI Xilleon video processor is a 32-bit system-on-a-chip MIPS processor, for use in set-top boxes and digital TVs, providing MPEG2 decoding and other functions for major worldwide broadcast networks (including PAL, NTSC, SECAM and ATSC). ... The first 3DNow! CPU 3DNow! is the name of a multimedia extension created by AMD for its processors, starting with the K6-2 in 1998. ... CoolnQuiet is a CPU speed throttling and power saving technology introduced by AMD with their Athlon 64 processor line. ... PowerNow! is a feature of AMDs K6-2+, K6-III+, mobile Athlon, and Turion 64 processors used in laptops. ... Torrenza is a technology developed by AMD that paves the way for specialised coprocessors to run in spare CPU sockets on multiway CPU systems. ... HyperTransport logo HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a bidirectional serial/parallel high-bandwidth, low-latency point to point link that was introduced on April 2, 2001. ... This article gives a list of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) microprocessors, sorted by generation and release year. ... Here is a list of sockets and slots used by AMD central processing units: Am486: Same as Intel. ... Athlon is the name of a family of CPUs designed by AMD, targeted mostly at the desktop market. ... The Athlon XP microprocessor from AMD is a seventh-generation CPU targeted at the consumer market. ... . ... The AMD Phenom family of microprocessors is a microprocessor family from AMD. It includes the Phenom quad-core (9-series), triple-core (8-series) and the future Phenom FX processors. ... . ... Opteron is the name of a family of CPUs within the AMD64 line, designed by AMD for the server market. ... The Sempron is AMDs newest low-end CPU, replacing the Duron processor. ... . ... This is a comparison of chipsets sold under the brand AMD, manufactured before May 2004 by the company itself, before the adoption of open platform approach as well as chipsets manufactured by ATI Technologies (ATI) after July 2006 as the completion of the ATI acquisition. ... This page contains general information about ATIs GPUs and video cards based on official ATI specifications in table form. ... This is a comparison of chipsets, manufactured by ATI Technologies. ... This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ...

References

  1. ^ Competitiveness Separates Winners from Losers in 2007 Semiconductor Market. iSuppli Market Watch (3 December 2007).
  2. ^ Justice Dept. subpoenas AMD, Nvidia. New York Times (1 December 2006).
  3. ^ AMD Completes ATI Acquisition and Creates Processing Powerhouse. NewsWire (25 October 2006).
  4. ^ AMD K5. CPU-INFO.COM. Retrieved on 2007-07-11.
  5. ^ Hesseldahl, Arik. "Why Cool Chip Code Names Die", forbes.com, Forbes.com Inc, 2000-07-06. Retrieved on 2007-07-14. 
  6. ^ Huynh, Jack. "The AMD Athlon XP Processor with 512KB L2 Cache", amd.com, AMD, 2003-02-10. Retrieved on 2007-10-02. 
  7. ^ Scott Wasson. "Workstation platforms compared", techreport.com, The Tech Report, LLC., 2003-09-15, Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  8. ^ Scott Wasson. "AMD's Athlon 64 processor", techreport.com, The Tech Report, LLC., 2003-09-23. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  9. ^ Scott Wasson. "AMD's dual-core Opteron processors", techreport.com, The Tech Report, LLC., 2005-04-21. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  10. ^ Scott Wasson. "AMD's Athlon 64 X2 processors", techreport.com, The Tech Report, LLC., 2005-05-09. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  11. ^ AMD announcement, retrieved September 17, 2007
  12. ^ Official Press Release (AMD Live! Ready and Active TV initiative)
  13. ^ Official Press Release (AMD Quad FX Platform with Dual Socket Direct Connect Architecture Redefines High-End Computing for Megatasking Enthusiasts)
  14. ^ AMD press release.
  15. ^ AMD IOMMU specification 1.2 (PDF).
  16. ^ AMD Analyst Day presentation, page 24, retrieved July 14, 2007
  17. ^ Jack PC page.
  18. ^ Intel Geneseo press release.
  19. ^ AMD Financial Analyst Day 2007 presentation, presented by Mario Rivas, page 24 of 28. Retrieved December 14, 2007
  20. ^ "AMD Alchemy processor product line acquired by Raza Microelectronics", TechNews, technologynewsdaily.com, 2006-06-14. Retrieved on 2007-07-11. 
  21. ^ Press release.
  22. ^ The Green Grid website.
  23. ^ Intel set to join AMD-backed Green Grid.
  24. ^ The Register.
  25. ^ Rick C. Hodgin. "Wrap-up: AMD outlines a bright future at Technology Analyst Day", tgdaily.com, Tigervision Media, 2007-07-26, pp.4. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  26. ^ Anton Shilov. "AMD’s Fab 36 Fully Converted to 65 nm Process Technology AMD. AMD Is Happy with 65 nm Yields, Including "Barcelona"", xbitlabs.com, X-bit labs, 2007-07-21. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  27. ^ John G. Spooner. "AMD to Build Factory in New York", eweek.com, Ziff Davis Publishing Holdings Inc., 2006-06-23. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  28. ^ Anton Shilov. "AMD Begins Revenue Shipments of Processors Produced by Chartered. AMD Initiates Shipments of Chartered-Built CPUs", xbitlabs.com, X-bit labs, 2006-07-13. Retrieved on 2007-07-29.
  29. ^ AMD Analyst Day June 2006 Presentation, slide 10
  30. ^ AMD-INTEL LITIGATION HISTORY. AMD. Retrieved on 12 January 2007.
  31. ^ Summary U.S. antitrust complaint against Intel (PDF).
  32. ^ Full text of U.S. antitrust complaint against Intel (PDF).
  33. ^ AMD Technology Analyst Day 2007 page, retrieved December 14, 2007
  34. ^ AMD Financial Analyst Day 2007 page, retrieved December 14, 2007

is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... is the 187th day of the year (188th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 266th day of the year (267th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 129th day of the year (130th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 207th day of the year (208th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 202nd day of the year (203rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

External links

Business data

Coordinates: 37°23′12.016″N, 121°59′55.550″W Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Wikinews is a free-content news source and a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. ... HowStuffWorks is a website created by Marshall Brain but now owned by the Convex Group. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Yahoo redirects here. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Reuters Group plc (LSE: RTR and NASDAQ: RTRSY); pronounced is known as a financial market data provider and a news service that provides reports from around the world to newspapers and broadcasters. ... The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires public companies to file reports regularly so that they can be made available to the public. ... ChandruEDGAR, the Electronic Data-Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval system, performs automated collection, validation, indexing, acceptance, and forwarding of submissions by companies and others who are required by law to file forms with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (the SEC). Not all SEC filings by public companies are available... The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires public companies to file reports regularly so that they can be made available to the public. ... SEC redirects here. ... This article gives a list of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) microprocessors, sorted by generation and release year. ... AMD Am2901 - 4-Bit-Slice ALU Am2900 is a family integrated circuits (ICs) created in 1975 by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD). ... AMD 29000 Microprocessor The AMD 29000, often simply 29k, was a popular family of RISC-based 32-bit microprocessors and microcontrollers from Advanced Micro Devices. ... AMD Am9080. ... AMD started in the x86 business as a second-source manufacturer for Intels chip designs. ... AMD Am386DX-40 CPU The Am386 central processing unit microprocessor was released by AMD in 1991. ... AMD Am486 Microprocessor The Am486 was a 80486-class family of computer processors that were produced by AMD in the 1990s. ... AMD 5x86-P75 The AMD 5x86 processor is an x86-compatible CPU introduced in 1995 by AMD for use in 486-class computer systems. ... K5 core diagram AMD 5K86-P90 (SSA/5) AMD K5 PR166 The K5 was AMDs first in-house processor, developed to compete with Intels Pentium microprocessor range. ... History 1997 saw the arrival of AMDs K6 microprocessor. ... The K6-2 was an x86 microprocessor manufactured by AMD, available in speeds ranging from 266 to 550 MHz. ... K6-III+/450 The image above is proposed for deletion. ... The AMD Duron was an x86-compatible computer processor manufactured by AMD. It was released on June 19, 2000 as a low-cost alternative to AMDs own Athlon processor and the Pentium III and Celeron processor lines from rival Intel. ... Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of different x86 processors designed and manufactured by AMD. The original Athlon, or Athlon Classic, was the first seventh-generation x86 processor and, in a first, retained the initial performance lead it had over Intels competing processors for a significant... . ... The Alchemy processor is a low power processor family from Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. ... National Semiconductor Geode GX1, 233 MHz Geode is a series of x86-compatible microprocessors and I/O companions produced by AMD targeted at the embedded computing market. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Sempron is AMDs newest low-end CPU, replacing the Duron processor. ... The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64 architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003. ... Athlon 64 X2 Logo Athlon 64 X2 E6 3800+ The Athlon 64 X2 is the first dual-core desktop CPU manufactured by AMD. It is essentially a processor consisting of two Athlon 64 cores joined together on one die with additional control logic. ... This article is about series of dual-core processors based on K10 microarchitecture. ... The term K9 represents a microarchitecture by AMD to replace the K8 chips, and has had various definitions. ... The Athlon 64 FX is an AMD K8 series processor targeted at enthusiasts. ... Phenom (pronounced as IPA:, as in the word phenomenon) is the AMD desktop processor line based on the K10 (not K10h) microarchitecture [1], or Family 10h Processors, as AMD calls them. ... The AMD K10 is AMDs next generation of processors. ... For other uses, see Turion. ... For other uses, see Turion. ... The Opteron is AMDs x86 server processor line, and was the first processor to implement the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64). ... The AMD FireStream (previously branded as ATI FireStream, also AMD Stream Processor [1]) is a stream processor developed by ATI Technologies. ... General-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU, also referred to as GPGP and to a lesser extent GP²) is a recent trend focused on using GPUs to perform computations rather than the CPU. The addition of programmable stages and higher precision arithmetic to the rendering pipelines allowed software developers... Codenamed Bobcat, is a processor designed by AMD, which was revealed during the a speech address from AMD executive vice-president Henri Richard in Computex 2007 held in Taiwan, no specific release dates was given but rumours and speculations forecast a post-2008 launch [1]. The Bobcat processor was a... Bulldozer is the codename AMD has given to one of the next-generation CPU cores after K10 microarchitecture for the companys M-SPACE design methodology, with the core specifically aimed at 10 Watts to 100 Watts TDP computing products. ... AMD Fusion is the codename for a future next-generation microprocessor design and the product of the merger between AMD and ATI, combining general processor execution as well as 3D geometry processing and other functions of todays GPUs into a single package. ... The Socket 370 processor socket, a ZIF type PGA socket A CPU socket or CPU slot is a connector on a computers motherboard that accepts a CPU and forms an electrical interface with it. ... This is a comparison of chipsets sold under the brand AMD, manufactured before May 2004 by the company itself, before the adoption of open platform approach as well as chipsets manufactured by ATI Technologies (ATI) after July 2006 as the completion of the ATI acquisition. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... This page contains general information about ATIs GPUs and video cards based on official ATI specifications in table form. ... The ATI Mach was one of the first GPU series developed by ATI Technologies Inc. ... Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... The ATI Rage is a series of graphics chipsets offering 2D GUI acceleration, video acceleration, and 3D acceleration. ... Development Radeon 256 The first-generation Radeon GPU was launched in 2000, and was initially code-named Rage 6, (later R100), as the successor to ATIs aging Rage 128 which was unable to compete with the GeForce 256. ... The Radeon 8500 (a. ... The Radeon R300 (introduced August 2002) is the third generation of Radeon graphics chips from ATI Technologies. ... The Radeon R420 core from ATI Technologies was the companys basis for its 3rd-generation DirectX 9. ... ATIs R520 core (codenamed Fudo) is the foundation for a line of DirectX 9. ... Direct3D is part of Microsofts DirectX API. Direct3D is only available for Microsofts various Windows operating systems (Windows 95 and above) and is the base for the graphics API on the Xbox and Xbox 360 console systems. ... The graphics processing unit (GPU) codenamed R600 is the foundation of the Radeon HD 2000/3000 series and the FireGL 2007 series video cards developed by ATI Technologies. ... The Radeon R700 is the engineering codename for an upcoming Graphics Processing Unit series which is in development by AMD Graphics Product Group, to be sold under the ATI brand. ... The Radeon R800 series is a set of GPUs currently scheduled for future release, developed by AMD graphics products division. ... This is a comparison of chipsets, manufactured by ATI Technologies. ... Development Radeon 256 The first-generation Radeon GPU was launched in 2000, and was initially code-named Rage 6, (later R100), as the successor to ATIs aging Rage 128 which was unable to compete with the GeForce 256. ... The Radeon 8500 (a. ... Ati Radeon 200 Logo The Xpress 200 is a computer chipset released by ATi. ... The Xpress 3200 is a new revision of the Xpress 200 computer chipset released by ATI. The chipset supports AMD64 processors of the Socket 939 and also of the Socket AM2. ... This is a comparison of chipsets sold under the brand AMD, manufactured before May 2004 by the company itself, before the adoption of open platform approach as well as chipsets manufactured by ATI Technologies (ATI) after July 2006 as the completion of the ATI acquisition. ... AMD 580 chipset series is a computer chipset series designed by AMD subsidairy ATI Technologies, for the AMD processors. ... The AMD 690 chipset series or AMD 690 series chipset by AMD is a chipset family developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for the AMD platform, focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets. ... The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of upcoming chipsets designed by ATI to be sold under the AMD brand and is scheduled to launch between the end of 2007 to the first half of 2008. ... ATI Technologies Inc. ... AMR (ATi Multi-Rendering) is a three year old (as of 2005) technology which enables a single computer to use more than one video processor. ... CrossFire (also CrossFire X after release of the Spider desktop platform on November 19, 2007) is a brand name for ATI Technologies multi-GPU solution, which competes with its rival nVidias Scalable Link Interface (SLI). ... Sun SPARCstation 1+, 25 MHz RISC processor from early 1990s A workstation, such as a Unix workstation, RISC workstation or engineering workstation, is a high-end desktop or deskside microcomputer designed for technical applications. ... The field of high performance computing (HPC) comprises computing applications on (parallel) supercomputers and computer clusters. ... FireGL 4 video card FireGL was a company in Germany that built workstation-class graphics accelerator cards based on IBM geometry and rasterizer chips. ... The FireMV graphics card is marketed as a 2D video card, with 3D capabilities at the level of Radeon X300 (as specified in manual), aimed at the corporate environment who require several displays attached to a single computer. ... The AMD FireStream (previously branded as ATI FireStream, also AMD Stream Processor [1]) is a stream processor developed by ATI Technologies. ... This articles Limitations section does not cite any references or sources. ... Consumer electronics is a term used to describe the category of electronic equipment intended for everyday use by people, the consumers. ... The ATI All-In-Wonder (also abbreviated to AIW) is a hybrid graphics card and TV/Radio Tuner. ... Imageon with Imageon TV The Imageon (previously ATI Imageon) is a line of media processor line developed by ATI providing graphics acceleration and other multimedia features for handheld devices such as mobile phones and Personal Digital Assistants (PDA). ... Xilleon chip internal layout The ATI Xilleon video processor is a 32-bit system-on-a-chip MIPS processor, for use in set-top boxes and digital TVs, providing MPEG2 decoding and other functions for major worldwide broadcast networks (including PAL, NTSC, SECAM and ATSC). ... The Unified Video Decoder, previously called Universal Video Decoder, or UVD in short, is the video decoding unit from ATI Technologies to support hardware decode of H.264 and VC-1 video codec standards, and being a part of AVIVO HD technology. ... AVIVO is a video platform ATI first introduced with its R520-based line of GPUs. ... HLSL2GLSL is a command line tool that translates DirectX 9 High Level Shader Language (HLSL) shaders into the OpenGL Shading Language (GLSL). ... HyperMemory is ATI Technologies method of using a PCs main system RAM as part of or all of the video cards framebuffer memory on their line of Radeon video cards and motherboard chipsets. ... ATI PowerPlay is a collective name for a set of technologies implemented in a series graphics adapters manufactured by ATI, including Mobility Radeon, Imageon handheld chipset and Radeon family of desktop GPUs. ... Truform is a graphics texture technology created by ATI and employed in DirectX 8 and OpenGL, on both Mac and PC. The technology was first employed on Radeon 8500. ... Game console redirects here. ... GPU redirects here. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... The Nintendo GameCube (GCN) is Nintendos fourth home video game console, belonging to the sixth generation era. ... Radeon R500 redirects here. ... It has been suggested that Xbox 360 Elite be merged into this article or section. ... ATI Hollywood GPU within the Wii console Hollywood is the name of the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) used in Nintendos Wii video game console. ... The Wii (pronounced as the pronoun we, IPA: ) is the fifth home video game console released by Nintendo. ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... The tone or style of this article or section may not be appropriate for Wikipedia. ... Apple Inc. ... High Tech Computer Corporation (TSEC: 2498), known by its acronym HTC, is a Taiwan-based manufacturer of Microsoft Windows CE portable devices. ... Motorola Inc. ... This article is about the telecommunications corporation. ... Palm, Inc. ... Qualcomm (NASDAQ: QCOM) is a wireless telecommunications research and development company based in San Diego, California. ... Research In Motion Limited (RIM) (TSX: RIM, NASDAQ: RIMM) is a Canadian wireless device company. ... For an arrangement of Sony Ericsson products, see list of Sony Ericsson products Sony Ericsson is a joint venture established in 2001 by the Japanese consumer electronics company Sony Corporation and the Swedish telecommunications company Ericsson to make mobile phones. ... Conglomerate is the term used to describe a large company which consists of divisions of often seemingly unrelated businesses. ... GE redirects here. ... It has been suggested that HCL Technologies and HCL Infosystems be merged into this article or section. ... Hitachi, Ltd ) (TYO: 6501, NYSE: HIT) is a multinational corporation specializing in high-technology and services headquartered in Marunouchi Itchome, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan. ... LG Electronics (KRXS: 066570, LSE:LGLD) is a South Korean multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest electronics companies. ... Matsushita Electric Industrial Co. ... NCR Corporation (NYSE: NCR) is a technology company specializing in solutions for the retail and financial industries. ... 1211 Avenue of the Americas (Sixth Avenue), where News Corporation is based News Corporation (abbreviated to News Corp) (NYSE: NWS, NYSE: NWSa, ASX: , LSE: NCRA) is an American media conglomerate company and the third worlds largest. ... Philips HQ in Amsterdam Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V. (Royal Philips Electronics N.V.), usually known as Philips, (Euronext: PHIA, NYSE: PHG) is one of the largest electronics companies in the world, founded and headquartered in the Netherlands. ... Samsung Electronics (SEC, Hangul:삼성전자; KRXS: 005930, KRXS: 005935, LSE: SMSN, LSE: SMSD) is the worlds largest electronics and information technology company[1], headquartered in Suwon, South Korea. ... Siemens redirects here. ... Sony Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation and one of the worlds largest media conglomerates with revenue of $66. ... This article is about the media and entertainment company. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters (Center) in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March 31, 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... For a definition of the word vivendi, see the Wiktionary entry vivendi. ... Computer hardware is the physical part of a computer, including its digital circuitry, as distinguished from the computer software that executes within the hardware. ... Apple Inc. ... ASUSTeK Computer Incorporated (Asus) (TSE: 2357) (traditional Chinese: ) is a Taiwan-based company that produces motherboards, graphics cards, optical drives, PDAs, notebook computers, servers, networking products, mobile phones, computer cases, computer components and computer cooling systems. ... This article is about the corporation Dell, Inc. ... Fujitsu Siemens Computers, Inc. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... Lenovo Group Limited (Simplified Chinese:联想集团有限公司;Traditional Chinese:聯想集團有限公司;Pinyin:LiánxiÇŽng Jítuán YÇ’uxiàn GōngsÄ«. SEHK: 0992,OTCBB: LNVGY) is today the fourth largest personal computer manufacturer in the world, after Hewlett-Packard and Dell of the US, and Acer of Taiwan. ... Quanta Computer Incorporated is a Taiwan-based manufacturer of notebook computers and other electronic hardware. ... VAIO logo VAIO, an acronym for Video Audio Integrated Operation, is a sub-brand for many of Sonys computer products. ... Toshiba Corporations headquarters (Center) in Hamamatsucho, Tokyo Toshiba Corporation sales by division for year ending March 31, 2005 Toshiba Corporation ) (TYO: 6502 ) is a Japanese multinational conglomerate manufacturing company, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan. ... A computer network is an interconnected group of computers. ... 3Com (NASDAQ: COMS) is a manufacturer best known for its computer network infrastructure products. ... Alcatel Lucent (or Alcatel-Lucent according to some sources) is the name of the new company formed after the merge agreement signed by Alcatel and Lucent Technologies. ... Allied Telesis formerly Allied Telesyn http://www. ... Avaya Inc. ... Cisco redirects here. ... For other uses, see Ericsson (disambiguation). ... Foundry Networks is a network system vendor selling high-end managed ethernet switches. ... Huawei Technologies Co. ... Juniper Networks NASDAQ: JNPR is a telecommunications equipment company. ... Nokia Siemens Networks (NSN) is a telecommunications solutions supplier which was created as the result of a merger (by means of a 50-50 joint venture) between Siemens AGs COM division (minus its Enterprise business unit) and Nokias Network Business Group. ... Northern Telecommunications Networks, commonly known as Nortel, is a telecommunications equipment manufacturer headquartered in Canada. ... ZTE Corporation (Chinese: 中兴通讯)(Zhong Xing Telecommunication Equipment Company Limited) SEHK: 0763, a state-owned corporation launched in 1985, is one of the largest telecommunications (GSM, 3G, WCDMA, CDMA, SDH, ADSL, IPTV, PSTN) manufacturers and wireless solutions providers in the Peoples Republic of China. ... Dot-com redirects here. ... Amazon. ... For other uses, see AOL (disambiguation). ... This article is about the online auction center. ... This article is about the corporation. ... Windows Live is the collective brand name for a set of services and software products from Microsoft. ... Yahoo redirects here. ... Electronic manufacturing services (EMS) is term used for companies that design, test, manufacture, distribute and provide return/repair services for electronic component and assemblies for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs). ... Celestica Inc. ... Elcoteq is a Global electronics manufacturing services (EMS) and Original Design Manufacturing (ODM) company, which does manufacturing for Nokia, Ericsson , Thomson, RIM and other brand name companies. ... Flextronics International Ltd. ... Foxconn (富士康) is the trade name of the Taiwanese firm Hon Hai Precision Industry Co. ... Jabil NYSE: JBL is a provider of electronic manufacturing services. ... Kimball International, Inc. ... Plexus Corporation NASDAQ: PLXS, is an Electronics Manufacturing Services provider to the wireline/networking, wireless infrastructure, medical, commercial and defense/security/aerospace industries. ... Quanta Computer Incorporated is a Taiwan-based manufacturer of notebook computers and other electronic hardware. ... Sanmina-SCI is a leading multinational Electronics Manufacturing Services (EMS) provider headquartered in San Jose, California which provides operational services to technology companies. ... SMTC Manufacturing Corporation (NASDAQ: SMTX, TSX: SMX) is a mid-size (Tier 2) diversified electronics manufacturing services (EMS) provider based in Toronto, Ontario. ... Solectron headquarters in Milpitas Solectron Corporation (NYSE: SLR), is a global electronics manufacturing company for original equipment manufacturer (OEMs). ... Information and communication technology spending in 2005 Information Technology (IT), as defined by the Information Technology Association of America (ITAA), is the study, design, development, implementation, support or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware. ... Information technology consulting (IT consulting or business and technology services) is a field that focuses on advising businesses on how best to use information technology to meet their business objectives. ... Accenture (NYSE: ACN, ISIN: BMG1150G1116) is a global management consulting, technology services, and outsourcing company. ... A BUNCH OF DOT HEADS go ahead change it again bitch! ... Atos Origin, SA (Euronext: ATO) is an international IT corporation which operates in more than 50 countries worldwide, with about 47,000 employees. ... Avanade, Inc. ... BearingPoint Inc. ... Booz Allen Hamilton, one of the oldest management consulting firms in the world,[1] is a private corporation with headquarters in McLean, Virginia and over 100 offices on 6 continents. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... Capgemini (Euronext: CAP) is a major French company, one of the worlds largest information technology, management consulting, outsourcing and professional services companies with a staff of 75,000 operating in 30 countries. ... CGI Group Inc. ... Cognizant redirects here. ... CSCs headquarters in El Segundo CSCs branch office in HITEC City Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) NYSE: CSC is an information technology (IT) and business services company headquartered in El Segundo, California, USA. Its stated mission is to help clients achieve strategic goals and profit from the use of... Compuware World Headquarters on Campus Martius Park in Detroit Compuware Corporation NASDAQ: CPWR is a software company with products aimed at the information technology (IT) departments of large businesses. ... Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu (also branded as Deloitte. ... Electronic Data Systems (EDS) (NYSE: EDS, LSE: EDC) is a global business and technology services company headquartered in Plano, Texas that defined the outsourcing business when it was established in 1962 by Ross Perot. ... First Data Corporation (NYSE: FDC) is a payment processing company based in Greenwood Village, Colorado. ... Getronics N.V. (Euronext: GTN) is an international Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Company focused on Workspace Management Services, including Application Services. ... HCL Technologies is one of the leading global technology and IT enterprises that offers product engineering, technology and application services, BPO, infrastructure services, IT hardware, systems integration, and distribution of technology and telecom products in India. ... i-flex Solutions Limited (Reuters: IFLX.BO and IFLX.NS) is an IT solution provider to the banking industry. ... Neusoft Group Ltd. ... Indra Sistemas is the leading Spanish Information Technology and Defense Systems company. ... Infosys Technologies Limited (BSE: 500209, NASDAQ: INFY) is a multinational information technology services company headquartered in Bangalore, India. ... Keane (KEA) is a technology firm focused upon outsourcing. ... LogicaCMG is a telecommunications and IT consultancy company. ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Perot Systems Corporation NYSE: PER is an information technology services provider based in Plano, Texas. ... Science Applications International Corporation Science Applications International Corporation (usually known as SAIC) is the largest employee-owned research and engineering firm in the United States. ... Sapient NASDAQ: SAPE helps clients innovate their businesses in the areas of marketing, business operations, and technology”. Sapient has a reputation of tackling complex initiatives in the consulting industry like: helping MIT create a new model for making course material available globally, working with the US Marine Corps on their... Satyam Computer Services Ltd. ... Steria Limited, are the UK arm of Groupe Stéria [1], a French information technology, consulting, outsourcing and professional services companies with nine thousand staff operating across 10 countries in Europe. ... Syntel, Inc. ... Tata Consultancy Services Limited (TCS) is an Indian software services and consulting company. ... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... TietoEnator is an international software development company. ... Titan Corporation is a United States-based company headquartered in San Diego, California. ... Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS), based in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania, United States, and incorporated in Delaware[3], is a global provider of information technology services and solutions. ... Wipro Tech (NYSE: WIT) is an information technology service company established in India in 1980. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... EMC Corporation (NYSE: EMC) is an American manufacturer of software and systems for information management and storage. ... For the district in Saga, Japan, see Fujitsu, Saga. ... Maxtor Corporation was an American manufacturer of computer hard disk drives founded in 1982 and acquired by Seagate in 2006. ... Network Appliance, Inc. ... Samsung Electronics (SEC, Hangul:삼성전자; KRXS: 005930, KRXS: 005935, LSE: SMSN, LSE: SMSD) is the worlds largest electronics and information technology company[1], headquartered in Suwon, South Korea. ... Seagate Technology (NYSE: STX) is a major American manufacturer of hard drives, founded in 1979 and based in Scotts Valley, California. ... Hitachi Global Storage Technologies is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Hitachi, Ltd. ... Western Digital Corporation (NYSE: WDC) (often abbreviated to WD) is a manufacturer of a large proportion of the worlds hard disks, and has a long history in the electronics industry as an IC maker and a storage products company. ... A semiconductor is a solid material that has electrical conductivity in between that of a conductor and that of an insulator; it can vary over that wide range either permanently or dynamically. ... Analog Devices (NYSE: ADI) is an American multinational producer of semiconductor devices. ... Broadcom Corporation is a leading American supplier of integrated circuits (ICs) for broadband communications. ... Elpida Memory, Inc. ... Fairchild Semiconductor introduced the first commercially available integrated circuit (although at almost the same time as one from Texas Instruments), and would go on to become one of the major players in the evolution of Silicon Valley in the 1960s. ... Freescale sign Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. ... Skyworks Solutions, Inc. ... Hynix Semiconductor Inc. ... For the raceway, see Infineon Raceway. ... Intel redirects here. ... Micron Technology (Micron) NYSE: MU is a multinational company based in Boise, Idaho, USA, best known for producing many forms of semiconductor devices. ... Categories: Electronics companies of the United States | Companies based in California | Corporation stubs ... The American multinational Nvidia Corporation (NASDAQ: NVDA) (pronounced ) specializes in the manufacture of graphics-processor technologies for workstations, desktop computers, and handheld devices. ... For other uses of NXP, see NXP (disambiguation). ... Qimonda AG (NYSE: QI), (pronounced key-MON-duh) is the new memory company split out of Infineon Technologies AG on May 1, 2006, to form the third largest DRAM company worldwide, according to the industry research firm Gartner Dataquest. ... Renesas Technology Corporation ) is a Japanese semiconductor manufacturer. ... ROHM Co. ... Sharp Corporation ) (TYO: 6753 , LuxSE: SRP) is a Japanese electronics manufacturer, founded in 1912. ... STMicroelectronics is an international leading supplier of semiconductors. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ... Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited (Traditional Chinese: 台灣積體電路製造股份有限公司, abbrev. ... VIA Technologies logo VIA Technologies is a Taiwanese manufacturer of integrated circuits, mainly motherboard chipsets, CPUs, and memory, and is part of the Formosa Plastics Group. ... Software redirects here. ... Activision Blizzard, Inc. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... Apple Inc. ... CA, Inc. ... Citrix Systems (NASDAQ: CTXS) is a U.S. high technology software company, based in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, with subsidiary operations in the UK and Australia. ... Electronic Arts (EA) (NASDAQ: ERTS) is an American developer, marketer, publisher, and distributor of computer and video games. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... Intuit Inc. ... McAfee, Inc. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... For the video game system, see Nintendo Entertainment System. ... For the road bicycle racing team previously known as Novell, see Rabobank (cycling). ... Oracle Corporation (NASDAQ: ORCL) is one of the major companies developing database management systems (DBMS), tools for database development, middle-tier software, enterprise resource planning software (ERP), customer relationship management software (CRM) and supply chain management (SCM) software. ... For other uses, see Red Hat (disambiguation). ... SAP AG (ISIN: DE0007164600, FWB: SAP, NYSE: SAP) is the largest European software enterprise and the third largest in the world, with headquarters in Walldorf, Germany. ... This article is about the video game company. ... Sony Computer Entertainment, Incorporated ) (SCEI) is a Japanese video game company specializing in a variety of areas in the video game industry, mostly in video game consoles and is a full subsidiary of Sony that was established on November 16, 1993 in Tokyo, Japan. ... Symantec Corporation NASDAQ: SYMC, founded in 1982, is an international corporation which sells computer software, particularly in the realms of security and information management. ... Take Two redirects here. ... Ubisoft Entertainment (formerly Ubi Soft) is a computer and video game publisher and developer with headquarters in Montreuil-sous-Bois, France. ... Copy of the original phone of Alexander Graham Bell at the Musée des Arts et Métiers in Paris Telecommunication is the assisted transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... For other uses, see 3 (disambiguation). ... América Móvil (NYSE: AMX, BMV: AMX, NASDAQ: AMOV) is the largest mobile network operator in Germano America and Latin America and the largest corporation in Latin America. ... This article is about the current AT&T. For the 1885-2005 company, see American Telephone & Telegraph. ... For the information technology, see Airtel (FBI). ... Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (known as BSNL, India Communications Corporation Limited) is a public sector communications company in India. ... BT Group plc (formerly British Telecommunications plc) which trades as BT (pronounced Bee tee) (also previously as British Telecom and is still commonly known as such amongst the general public) is the privatised UK state telecommunications operator. ... For other uses, see Cablevision (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Comcast Corporation (NASDAQ: CMCSA) is the largest cable television company and the second largest Internet service provider in the United States. ... DTAG corporate headquarters, Bonn Deutsche Telekom AG (ISIN: DE0005557508, FWB: DTE, NYSE: DT, LSE: DEU, TYO: 9496) (English translation: German Telecom) (abbreviated DTAG) is a telecommunications company headquartered in Bonn, Germany. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... France Télécom (Euronext: FTE, NYSE: FTE) (often spelled France Telecom, without the accents, in non-French text) is the main telecommunication company in France. ... KPN (in full Koninklijke KPN N.V., Royal KPN NV) (NYSE: KPN) is a Dutch fixed-line and mobile telecommunications company, including both 2G and 3G mobile operations. ... Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (日本電信電話 Nippon Denshin Denwa) is a telephone company that dominates the telecommunication market in Japan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... RCN Corporation, (NASDAQ: RCNI), founded in 1997 and based in Herndon, Virginia, is the first and largest American facilities-based competitive provider of bundled telephone, cable television and high speed Internet service delivered over its own fiber-optic local network to consumers in the Boston, New York, Eastern Pennsylvania, Washington... Rogers Communications Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sprint Nextel Corporation (NYSE: S) is the third largest wireless telecommunications network in the United States with 52. ... Swisscom AG is the leading telephone company in Switzerland. ... Telecom Italia is formerly a partially state-owned Italian telco. ... Telefónica, S.A., (IBEX-35:TEF, Euronext: TEF, NYSE: TEF, LSE: TDE, FWB: TEF, TYO: 9481) is a Spanish telecommunications company. ... Telenor (OSE: TEL, NASDAQ: TELN) is the incumbent telecommunications company in Norway, with headquarters located at Fornebu, close to Oslo. ... Teléfonos de México S.A.B. de C.V. (NYSE: TMX), better known as Telmex, is a Mexican telecommunications company that provides telecommunication products and services in Mexico and in many parts of Latin America, such as Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and even in the United States. ... Telstra Corporation (ASX: , NZX: TLS, NYSE: TLS) (formed from Telecom Australia) is an Australian telecommunications and media company under private ownership, with a dominant position in landline telephone services, a large share of mobile phone services, domestic consumer (including dial-up access, 50% of Broadband internet broadband cable modem, satellite... Time Warner Inc. ... // Turkcell (NYSE: TKC) is a mobile phone operator in Turkey, currently the countrys largest. ... Verizon Communications, Inc. ... Virgin Media Inc. ... Vodafone Group Plc is a mobile network operator headquartered in Newbury, Berkshire, England, UK. It is the largest mobile telecommunications network company in the world by turnover and has a market value of about £84. ... It has been suggested that Vertical expansion be merged into this article or section. ... Apple Inc. ... The Hewlett-Packard Company (NYSE: HPQ), commonly known as HP, is a very large, global company headquartered in Palo Alto, California, United States. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... For other uses, see NEC (disambiguation). ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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