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Encyclopedia > Adultcentrism
Part of a series of articles on
Discrimination

General forms
Racism · Sexism · Ageism
Religious intolerance
Xenophobia
Hate group
Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Disability... It has been suggested that Sex discrimination be merged into this article or section. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling Hate speech · Hate crime Lynching · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing Pogrom · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism White/Black supremacy Hate groups · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism Womens/Universal suffrage Civil rights · Gay rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Policies Discriminatory... Religious intolerance is either intolerance motivated by ones own religious beliefs or intolerance against anothers religious beliefs or practices. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... A hate group is an organized group or movement that advocates hate, hostility, or violence towards members of a race, ethnicity, religion, or other sector of society, or that supports and publishes assertions and argumentation characteristic of hate groups without necessarily explicitly advocating such hate or violence that otherwise characterize...

Specific forms
Social
Homophobia · Ableism · Adultism
Misogyny · Misandry · Gerontophobia
Lookism · Sizeism · Classism · Elitism
Homophobia is the fear of, aversion to, or discrimination against homosexuality or homosexuals. ... Ableism is a term used to describe discrimination against people with disabilities in favor of people who are able-bodied. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Misogyny () is hatred or strong prejudice against women. ... Misandry (IPA ) is the hatred of males as a sex [1]. The word comes from misos (Greek μῖσος, hatred) + andras (Greek ἄνδρας, man). Although misandry is sometimes confused with misanthropy, the terms are not interchangeable, since the latter refers to the hatred of humanity. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Lookism is discrimination against or prejudice towards others based on their appearance. ... The fat acceptance movement, also referred to as the fat liberation movement, is a grass-roots effort to change societal attitudes about fat people. ... Classism (a term formed by analogy with racism) is any form of prejudice or oppression against people who are in, or who are perceived as being like those who are in, a lower social class (especially in the form of lower or higher socioeconomic status) within a class society. ... Elitism is the belief or attitude that the people who are considered to be the elite — a selected group of persons with outstanding personal abilities, wealth, specialised training or experience, or other distinctive attributes — are the people whose views on a matter are to be taken the most seriously, or...

Against cultures:
Americans

Arabs
Armenians
Canadians
Chinese
Anti-Arab Graffiti by Jewish settlers in Gaza Anti-Arabism is prejudice or hostility against Arabs. ...

Europeans

Croats
French
Germans
Greeks
For varying degrees of skepticism over the European Union and/or its strengthening, see euroscepticism. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...

Indians

Iranians
Italians
Japanese
Polish

Roma

Russians
Serbs
Turks
Antiziganism is racism directed at the Roma people. ... Serbophobia (Serbian, Croatian: србофобиjа, srbofobija), also called anti-Serbism means a sentiment of hostility or hatred towards Serbs, Serbia, or Republika Srpska. ...

Against religions:
Catholics

Christians
Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Disability...

Hindus

Jews
Mormons
Anti-Hindu leaflet launched by fundamentalist Christian churches Anti-Hindu prejudice is a negative perception against Hinduism, Hindus and Indian or Hindu culture. ... An anti-Mormon political cartoon from the late nineteenth century. ...

Muslims

Protestants
Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Disability... Anti-Protestantism is an irrational opposition to Protestantism which is primarily emotional and akin to the irrational hatreds of racism and and anti-semitism. ...

Manifestations
Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching
Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups
Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom
Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war
Religious persecution · Gay bashing
Pedophobia · Ephebiphobia
The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ... It has been suggested that Driving While Black be merged into this article or section. ... Lynching is a form of violence, usually murder, conceived of by its perpetrators as extra legal punishment for offenders or as a terrorist method of enforcing social domination. ... Hate speech is a controversial term for speech intended to degrade, intimidate, or incite violence or prejudicial action against a person or group of people based on their race, gender, age, ethnicity, national origin, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, disability, language ability, moral or political views, socioeconomic class, occupation and... A Jewish cemetery in France after being defaced by Neo-Nazis. ... A hate group is an organized group or movement that advocates hate, hostility or violence towards a group of people or some organization upon spurious grounds, despite a wider consensus that these people are not necessarily better or worse than any others. ... Genocide is the mass killing of a group of people as defined by Article 2 of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (CPPCG) as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or... ... Pogrom (from Russian: ; from громить IPA: - to wreak havoc, to demolish violently) is a form of riot directed against a particular group, whether ethnic, religious or other, and characterized by destruction of their homes, businesses and religious centers. ... Ethnocide is a concept related to genocide; unlike genocide, which has entered into international law, ethnocide remains primarily the province of ethnologists, who have not yet settled on a single cohesive meaning for the term. ... Armenian civilians, being cleansed from their homeland during the Armenian Genocide. ... Race war is a slang term referring to developing hostilities between ethnic groups divided on the basis of race. ... It has been suggested that Historical persecution by Christians#Theological debate of persecution be merged into this article or section. ... The persecution of gays, lesbians, bisexuals, and transgendered individuals is the practice of attacking a person, usually physically, because they are or are perceived to be lesbian, gay or transgender. ... Pedophobia is the fear of infants, children, or childhood[1] // Pediophogia is an alternate term for pedophobia[2]. Pedophobia is related to other age-focused fears, including ephebiphobia and gerontophobia. ... Ephebiphobia (from Greek ephebos έφηβος = teenager, underage adolescent and fobos φόβος = fear, phobia), also known as hebephobia (from Greek hebe = youth), denotes both the irrational fear of teenagers or of adolescence, and the prejudice against teenagers or underage adolescents. ...

Movements
Discriminatory
Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism
Kahanism
Anti-discriminatory
Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights
Women's/Universal suffrage · Men's rights
Children's rights · Youth rights
Disability rights · Inclusion · Autistic rights
Proto-Indo-European Indo-European studies The Aryan race is a notion mentioned in the Old Persian inscriptions and other Persian sources from c. ... The terms Neo-Nazism and Neo-Fascism refer to any social or political movement to revive Nazism or Fascism, respectively, and postdates the Second World War. ... Supremacism is the belief that a particular race, religion, gender, belief system or culture is superior to others and entitles those who identify with it to dominate, control or rule those who do not. ... Speaking: US-born Rabbi Meir Kahane, leader of the Kach party in the Knesset. ... This English poster depicting the horrific conditions on slave ships was influential in mobilizing public opinion against slavery. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... The gay rights movement is a collection of loosely aligned civil rights groups, human rights groups, support groups and political activists seeking acceptance, tolerance and equality for non-heterosexual, (homosexual, bisexual), and transgender people - despite the fact that it is typically referred to as the gay rights movement, members also... The movement for womens suffrage is a social, economic and political reform movement aimed at extending suffrage—the right to vote—to women. ... Universal suffrage (also general suffrage or common suffrage) consists of the extension of the right to vote to all adults, without distinction as to race, sex, belief, or economic or social status. ... Mens rights is a stream in the mens movement. ... The childrens rights movement was born in the 1800s with the orphan train. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling Hate speech · Hate crime Lynching · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing Pogrom · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism White/Black supremacy Hate groups · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism Womens/Universal suffrage Civil rights · Gay rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Groups NAACP... The disability rights movement aims to improve the quality of life of people with disabilities. ... Inclusion is a term used by activist people with disabilities and other disability rights advocates for the idea that human beings should freely, openly and happily accommodate any other human being that happens to be differently-abled without question or qualification of any kind. ... The autism rights movement (which has also been called autistic self-advocacy movement [2] and autistic liberation movement [3]) was started by adult autistic individuals in order to advocate and demand tolerance for what they refer to as neurodiversity. ...

Policies
Discriminatory
Segregation: Racial/Ethnic/Religious/Sexual
Apartheid · Redlining · Internment
Anti-discriminatory
Emancipation · Civil rights · Desegregation
Integration · Reservation · Reparations
Affirmative action · Racial quota
The Rex Theatre for Colored People Racial segregation is characterized by separation of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the rental or... The Rex Theatre for Colored People Racial segregation is characterized by separation of people of different races in daily life when both are doing equal tasks, such as eating in a restaurant, drinking from a water fountain, using a rest room, attending school, going to the movies, or in the... Religious segregation involves the separation of people on the basis of religion. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... For the automotive term, see redline. ... For other uses, see Internment (disambiguation). ... Look up emancipation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Civil rights or positive rights are those legal rights retained by citizens and protected by the government. ... Desegregation is the process of ending racial segregation, most commonly used in reference to the United States. ... Children at a parade in North College Hill, Ohio Racial integration, or simply integration includes desegregation (the process of ending systematic racial segregation). ... Reservation in Indian law is a term used to describe the governmental policy whereby a percentage of seats are reserved in the Parliament of India, State Legislative Assemblies, Central and State Civil Services, Public Sector Units, Central and State Governmental Departments and in all Public and Private Educational Institutions, except... In the philosophy of justice, reparation is the idea that a just sentence ought to compensate the victim of a crime appropriately. ... Affirmative action refers to concrete steps that are taken not only to eliminate discrimination —whether in employment, education, or contracting—but also to attempt to redress the effects of past discrimination. ... Racial quotas in employment and education are numerical requirements for hiring, promoting, admitting and/or graduating members of a particular racial group. ...

Law
Discriminatory
Anti-miscegenation · Anti-immigration
Alien and Sedition Acts · Nuremberg Laws
Jim Crow laws · Black codes · Apartheid laws
Anti-discriminatory
List of anti-discrimination acts Miscegenation is an archaic term invented in 1863 to describe people of different human races (usually one European and one African) producing offspring; the use of this term is invariably restricted to those who believe that the category race is meaningful when applied to human beings. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... ======== many recent edits that had nothing to do with article. ... The Nuremberg Laws of 1935 were denaturalization laws passed by the government of Nazi Germany. ... The Jim Crow Laws were state and local laws enacted in the Southern and Border States of the United States and enforced between 1876 and 1965 and affected African Americans and many other races. ... The Black Codes were laws passed to restrict civil rights and civil liberties of African Americans, particularly former slaves. ... The Apartheid Legislation in South Africa was a series of different laws and acts which were to help the apartheid-government to enforce the segregation of different races and cement the power and the dominance by the Whites, of substantially European descent, over the other race groups. ... This is a list of anti-discrimination acts (often called discrimination acts), which are laws designed to prevent discrimination. ...

Other forms
Nepotism · Cronyism
Colorism · Linguicism
Ethnocentrism · Triumphalism
Misogyny · Misandry · Isolationism
Economic discrimination
Adultcentrism
Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Nepotism This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Crony redirects here. ... Colorism is a form of discrimination which primarily occurs in the United States. ... Linguicism is a form of prejudice, an -ism along the lines of racism, ageism or sexism. ... Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of ones own culture. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Supremacism. ... Misogyny () is hatred or strong prejudice against women. ... Misandry (IPA ) is the hatred of males as a sex [1]. The word comes from misos (Greek μῖσος, hatred) + andras (Greek ἄνδρας, man). Although misandry is sometimes confused with misanthropy, the terms are not interchangeable, since the latter refers to the hatred of humanity. ... Isolationism is a foreign policy which combines a non-interventionist military and a political policy of economic nationalism (protectionism). ... Economic discrimination is a term that describes a form of discrimination based on economic factors. ...

Related topics
Prejudice · Supremacism · Intolerance
Tolerance · Diversity · Multiculturalism
Political correctness · Reverse discrimination
Eugenics · Racialism
For with(out) prejudice in law, see Prejudice (law). ... Supremacism is the belief that a particular race, religion, gender, belief system or culture is superior to others and entitles those who identify with it to dominate, control or rule those who do not. ... Intolerance is the lack of ability or willingness to tolerate something. ... It has been suggested that toleration be merged into this article or section. ... Diversity is the presence of a wide range of variation in the qualities or attributes under discussion. ... Multiculturalism is a philosophy that is sometimes construed as ideology advocating that modern society should at least embrace and include distinct cultural groups with equal cultural and political status. ... Political correctness is the alteration of language to redress real or alleged injustices and discrimination or to avoid offense. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Disability... Eugenics is the self-direction of human evolution: Logo from the Second International Congress of Eugenics, 1921, depicting it as a tree which unites a variety of different fields. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...

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Adultcentrism is the "exaggerated egocentrism of adults.[1] In psychology, egocentrism is the characteristic of regarding oneself and ones own opinions or interests as most important. ...


Usage

In social work, adultcentrism has been recognized as the potential bias adults have in understanding and responding to children.[2] This bias is said to extend from the difference in age between the child and the adult. The differences - including language, communication styles and world view - can create a hurdle to overcome. Adultcentrism is said to be akin to egocentrism, where one puts their personal perspectives, needs and beliefs ahead of all others, as well as ethnocentrism, which places a person's cultural and social beliefs ahead of all others.[3] [4] Explaining adultcentrism, one author reports, Social workers are concerned with social problems, their causes, their solutions and their human impacts. ... AGE may refer to: advanced glycation endproduct A.G. Edwards, brokerage firm. ... Interpersonal communication is the process of sending and receiving information or communication with another person. ... In psychology, egocentrism is the characteristic of regarding oneself and ones own opinions or interests as most important. ... Ethnocentrism is the tendency to look at the world primarily from the perspective of ones own culture. ...

Adultcentrism contributes to the ongoing difficulty which agencies experience in incorporating into their modus operandi the practice of routine consultation with children about decisions that affect their lives - even after training and policy development about children's rights and participation has taken place.[5]

In the field of occupational therapy adultcentrism has been said to "lead researchers to underestimate children's abilities."[6] According to one researcher, "This stance can be seen when researchers assume they know everything they need to know about children because they have been children." Research has also shown this leads adults to stay within their own perspective, thus discriminating against children through adultism.[7] In respect to occupational therapy, "Adultcentrism has emerged in the family therapy literature to describe the tendency by adults to view the world from an adult perspective and in so doing not understand or appreciate how children and young people are viewing things."[8] Occupational therapy (OT) is rehabilitation of mentally and physically disabled persons by teaching them a skill or providing them with creative activity. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Family therapy, also referred to as couple and family therapy and family systems therapy, and earlier generally referred to as marriage therapy, is a branch of psychotherapy that works with families and couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development. ...


Adultcentrism has is also growing in importance in the fields of education[9], mental health[10], community sociology[11], and children's empowerment[12] One international affairs specialist reflects that, Mental states redirects here. ... Empowerment is also the name of a piece of public art in Lincoln, England. ... For more information on international affairs, see one of the following links: Diplomacy Foreign affairs International relations This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

Children, according to the pillar of adultcentrism, are seen as "the future" and are therefore not yet full human beings capable of making choices. The elderly are considered "past their prime" and are often seen as a burden on society.[13]

A growing number of youth empowerment organizations and youth-led organizations identify adultcentrism as central to their analysis, as well.[14] One such organization, the National Youth Rights Association, identifies that adultcentrism causes society to, NYRA logo The National Youth Rights Association is the largest Youth Rights group in the United States, with several thousand members. ...

...The word "human" evokes the mental image of an adult -- you need to specify if you are talking about a youth. ...The field of "psychology" deals with adults; the study of young people is qualified as "developmental" psychology. ...Stairs, light switches, buses, toilets, the international symbols for "men" and "women" on bathroom doors -- are all designed with adults in mind.[15]

See also

Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling Hate speech · Hate crime Lynching · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing Pogrom · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism White/Black supremacy Hate groups · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism Womens/Universal suffrage Civil rights · Gay rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Policies Discriminatory... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling · Lynching Hate speech · Hate crime · Hate groups Genocide · Holocaust · Pogrom Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing · Race war Religious persecution · Gay bashing Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism · Supremacism Fundamentalism · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism · Civil rights · Gay rights Womens/Universal suffrage · Mens rights Childrens rights · Youth rights... Fear of childbirth is not an isolated problem but associated with the womans personal characteristics, mainly general anxiety, low self-esteem, and clinical depression, as well as dissatisfaction with their partnership, and lack of support. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Manifestations Slavery · Racial profiling Hate speech · Hate crime Lynching · Gay bashing Genocide · Holocaust Ethnocide · Ethnic cleansing Pogrom · Race war Religious persecution Movements Discriminatory Aryanism · Neo-Nazism White/Black supremacy Hate groups · Kahanism Anti-discriminatory Abolitionism Womens/Universal suffrage Civil rights · Gay rights Childrens rights · Youth rights Groups NAACP... Civic engagement is the notion of belonging, the experience of investment, and the position of ownership a citizen feels throughout the local, regional, national, and international political communities to which they belong. ... NYRA logo The National Youth Rights Association is the largest Youth Rights group in the United States, with several thousand members. ... The Freechild Project logo The Freechild Project or Freechild is an international non-profit program connecting young people and social change around the world through a large online web portal for youth and adults. ...

References

  1. ^ Verhellen, E. (1994). Convention on the rights of the child: Background, motivation, strategies, main themes. Leuven/Apeldoorn: Garant.
  2. ^ Goode, D. (1986) "Kids, culture and innocents." Journal of Human Studies. 9(1) pp83-106.
  3. ^ Petr, C. (1992). "Adultcentrism in practice with children," Families in Society. 73, pp408-416.
  4. ^ Petr, C. (2003) Social Work with Children and Their Families: Pragmatic Foundations. Oxford University Press. p13
  5. ^ Kiraly, M (n.d.) "What's wrong with child welfare? An examination of current practices that harm children", Children Webmag.
  6. ^ Royeen, C.B. (2004) Pediatric Issues in Occupational Therapy: A Compendium of Leading Scholarship American Occupational Therapy Association. p38.
  7. ^ Fine, M. (1987) "Why urban adolescents drop into and out of public high school." In School Dropouts: Patterns and Policies, G. Natriello, ed. New York: Teachers College Press, Columbia University.
  8. ^ (1996) "Chapter 2, Homelessness and Early Home Leaving: Prevention and early intervention," in Homelessness among young people in Australia. Hobart, Australia: National Clearinghouse for Youth Studies. p8
  9. ^ Martino, W. and Pallotta-Chiarolli, M. (2003) So What’s A Boy? Addressing Issues of Masculinity and Schooling. Open University Press.
  10. ^ Helton, L., Kotake, M (2004) Mental Health Practice with Children and Youth: A Strengths and Well-Being Model. Hayworth Press.
  11. ^ Cahill, S. (2001) Research in Community Sociology: Supplement 1 - the Community of the Streets Elsevier Limited. p60.
  12. ^ Howe, B. & Covell, K. (2005) Empowering Children: Children's Rights Education as a Pathway to Citizenship. University of Toronto Press.
  13. ^ Sánchez, T. (2006) Dominican Republic Justicia Global.
  14. ^ Fletcher, A. (2006) Washington Youth Voice Handbook. Olympia, WA: CommonAction.
  15. ^ Bonnichsen, S. (n.d.) Three types of youth liberation. Washington, DC: National Youth Rights Association.

 
 

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