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Encyclopedia > Adrienne Clarkson
The Right Honourable
Adrienne Louise Clarkson
伍冰枝

In office
October 7, 1999 – September 27, 2005
Prime Minister Jean Chrétien, Paul Martin
Preceded by Roméo LeBlanc
Succeeded by Michaëlle Jean

Born February 10, 1939 (1939-02-10) (age 68)
Hong Kong
Spouse Stephen Clarkson (1963-1975)
John Ralston Saul (1999-)
Profession Journalist
Religion Anglican

Adrienne Louise Clarkson (née Poy) (Chinese: 伍冰枝; Pinyin: Wǔ Bīngzhī, Hakka: Ńg Pên-kî, Cantonese: Ng5 Bing1 zi1), PC, CC, CMM, COM, CD, LL.D (honoris causa) (born February 10, 1939) is an accomplished Canadian journalist and stateswoman. From October 7, 1999 to September 27, 2005 she served as the 26th Governor General of Canada (representing Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada): she was the first Chinese Canadian (although she does not speak Chinese) and second woman to hold this position, the first being Jeanne Sauvé. The Right Honourable (abbreviated Rt Hon, The Rt Hon, The Right Hon, Right Hon) is an honorific prefix that is traditionally applied to certain people in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, the Anglophone Caribbean and in other Commonwealth Realms, and elsewhere. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian Monarch, who is the Head of State; Canada is one of... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB, LLD (h. ... The Right Honourable Roméo-Adrien LeBlanc, PC, CC, ONB, CMM, CD (born December 18, 1927 in Memramcook, New Brunswick) is a former Governor General of Canada. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC, CMM, COM, CD, DUniv (honoris causa), D.Litt (honoris causa) , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haïti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Hong Kong Flag (1910) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Stephen Clarkson (born 1937) is a Canadian political scientist. ... Image:Bigphotojonralstonsaulcc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Anglican Church of Canada The Anglican Church of Canada (the ACC) is the Canadian branch of the Anglican Communion. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Hakka is one language in the family of languages known as Chinese. ... This article is on all of the Yue dialects. ... The Privy Council Office as it appeared in the 1880s The Queens Privy Council for Canada (French: Conseil privé de la Reine pour le Canada) is the council of advisers to the Queen of Canada, whose members are appointed by the Governor General of Canada for life on the... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ... The Order of Military Merit is an Order (decoration) issued by Canada to members of the Canadian Forces who have demonstrated dedication and devotion beyond the call of duty. ... The Order of Merit of the Police Forces is an Order (decoration) of Canada, established in October 2000. ... The Canadian Forces Decoration is a Canadian award given to officers and members of the Canadian Forces who have completed twelve years of military service. ... Legum Doctor (English: Doctor of Laws; abbreviated to LL.D.) In the UK the LL.D. is a higher doctorate awarded on the basis of exceptionally insightful and distinctive publications, containing significant and original contributions to the science or study of law. ... Honoris causa (plural: Causae) is a Latin term meaning for the sake of honor, abbreviated as . ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian Monarch, who is the Head of State; Canada is one of... Elizabeth II in an official portrait as Queen of Canada (on the occasion of her Golden Jubilee in 2002, wearing the Sovereigns badges of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit) Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary) (born 21 April 1926), styled HM The... The composition of the disambiguation links at the head of this article and the other Wikipedia articles on the monarchies of the Commonwealth Realms is under discussion at Talk:Commonwealth Realm monarchies (disambiguation). ... A Chinese Canadian is a person of Chinese descent or origin who was born in or immigrated to Canada. ... Diverse women. ... The Right Honourable Jeanne Mathilde Sauvé, PC , CC , CMM , CD (née Benoit) (April 26, 1922 – January 26, 1993) was a Canadian journalist, politician and stateswoman. ...

Contents

Early life and career

Clarkson is of Taishan, Guangdong, China ancestry, being a Hakka born in Hong Kong to Australian-Chinese businessman William Poy (伍英才 Pinyin: Wǔ Yīngcái), and Ethel Poy. Sources described William Poy as a decorated WWII veteran. Taishan (台山; Mandarin: Táishān; Cantonese: Toisan; Taishanese: Hoisan, Other: Toishan, Toisaan) is a coastal county-level city in Guangdong Province, China. ... Guangdong, often spelt as Kwangtung, is a province on the south coast of the Peoples Republic of China. ... The Ancestral Home (Dom Ojczysty) is a political party in Poland, founded after the elections. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A businessman (sometimes businesswoman, female; or businessperson, gender neutral) is a generic term for a wide range of people engaged in profit-oriented enterprises, generally the management of a company. ... William George Poy MM (born 1907 in Chiltern, New South Wales, Australia – died February 3, 2002 in Toronto, Canada). ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Former crewmembers of the battleship Missouri pose for photos shortly after the Anniversary of the End of World War II ceremony, held aboard the famous ship. ...


Clarkson's paternal grandfather (伍培 Pinyin: Wǔ Péi) migrated to Australia and opened a general store in Chiltern, Victoria called "Willie Ah Poy Fruiterer and Confectioner" (Note "Ah Poy" was his name in the vocative based on the Taishanese pronunciation). His eldest son William was later sent back to Taishan and made his way to Hong Kong. There he married and worked with his father for the Canadian government. Clarkson describes one of her earliest memories as hiding in her Hong Kong basement during the invasion by the Japanese in 1941. It was through his government connection that William gained his family the opportunity to come to Canada in 1942 as part of the repatriating Canadian government staff. Even so, the Chinese Immigration Act of 1923 prevented the Poys immediate entry into Canada until the Department intervened and cited unfilled quota in the prisoner-of-war exchange program with the Japanese Imperial Forces. It was through this "special circumstances" clause that made it possible for few selected Chinese to enter Canada during the Second World War. [1] Chiltern is a town in Victoria, Australia, located on the Hume Highway, between Wangaratta and Wodonga, in the Indigo Shire. ... Slogan or Nickname: Garden State, The Place to Be Motto(s): Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Government Constitutional monarchy Governor David de Kretser Premier Steve Bracks (resigning effective 30th July 2007) (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 37  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05... The vocative case is the case used for a noun identifying the person being addressed, found in Latin among other languages. ... Taishanese (台山話 Taishanese: Hoi4 saan6 wa1, Cantonese: toi4 saan1 wa6), or Seiyap, is a Chinese dialect (or group of very similar dialects) spoken in and around Taishan, in Guangdong province. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film). ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Chinese Immigration Act 1923, known in the Chinese-Canadian community as the Chinese Exclusion Act, was an act passed by the federal government of Canada, banning most forms of Chinese immigration to Canada. ... For Imperial Japanese forces, see Imperial Japanese Army Imperial Japanese Navy. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


When Clarkson's grandfather emigrated to Australia in the late nineteenth century the officials asked him, in English, what his name was. Clarkson's grandfather said, "Ng Wui Poi." And the officials took the first name, Poi, as his last name, and so the family was named Poy.[2]


Much has been made of Clarkson's immigrant/refugee status as well as her "humble roots." Clarkson's detractors point out that in actuality she was born into the Hong Kong elite and lived in a house filled with servants. When the family came to Canada their initial soundings were far less glamorous but they were by no means poor.


Clarkson studied at Ottawa public schools until graduating from Lisgar Collegiate Institute in 1956, and then enrolled at the University of Toronto's Trinity College. It is during this time that she won a Governor General's Medal in English. She graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in 1960, after which she travelled with her parents to East and Southeast Asia. Her post-graduate studies were undertaken at the Sorbonne. This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... Lisgar Collegiate Institute View of Lisgar from the Mall Lisgar Collegiate Institute is an Ottawa-Carleton District School Board secondary school in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ... Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Toronto (UofT) is a public research university in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... For other institutions named Trinity College, see Trinity College. ... A B.A. issused as a certificate Bachelor of Arts (B.A., BA or A.B.), from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus is an undergraduate bachelors degree awarded for either a course or a program in the liberal arts or the sciences, or both. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... East Asia Geographic East Asia. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... The Sorbonne, Paris, in a 17th century engraving The historic University of Paris (French: ) first appeared in the second half of the 12th century, but was in 1970 reorganised as 13 autonomous universities (University of Paris I–XIII). ...


She began working on her Master's degree in 1962, with a thesis on the poems of George Meredith. The following year, she married Stephen Clarkson, a University of Toronto political science professor, and the couple had three daughters: Kyra Clarkson was born 1969, and in 1971 the couple had twin daughters Blaise and Chloe. At the age of nine months Chloe died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. However, Blaise Clarkson went on to become a University of Toronto medical student, and Kyra, a Northern Secondary School grad, is currently an architect with the firm Tod Williams Billie Tsien, living in a Brooklyn Heights neighbourhood in New York. Adrienne and Stephen divorced in 1975, with Stephen being awarded full custody of the two surviving children. After the divorce, the children became estranged from their mother. Though the estrangement was long-standing and well-publicized, the daughters have since reconciled with their mother. The late Christina McCall, Stephen Clarkson's second wife adopted the two daughters. Year 1962 (MCMLXII) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1962 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... George Meredith, OM (February 12, 1828 – May 18, 1909) was an English novelist and poet. ... Stephen Clarkson (born 1937) is a Canadian political scientist. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political Science is the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behaviour. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ... The University of Toronto (UofT) is a public research university in the city of Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Northern Secondary School is a public high school in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... Expensive real estate: Brooklyn Heights in the snow taken from the Promenade, 2003 Brooklyn Heights is a neighborhood within the New York City borough of Brooklyn; originally designated through popular reference as Brooklyn Village, it has, since 1834, become a prevalent area of the Brooklyn borough. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For the record label, see Divorce Records. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Christina McCall (1935-2005) was a Canadian political writer. ... Stephen Clarkson (born 1937) is a Canadian political scientist. ...

A young Adrienne Clarkson hosting The Fifth Estate during the 1970s.

Adrienne is well known from her work in broadcasting, having hosted and produced several shows for the CBC between 1964-1982. After being introduced by a college friend to the producers of Take Thirty, an afternoon variety show, her first position with the Crown Corporation was as a freelance book reviewer. After less than a year in this capacity she was promoted to co-host, becoming one of the first members of a visible minority with a prominent position in Canadian television. She remained with Take Thirty for a decade, during which time she also branched into print journalism, becoming a regular contributor to publications including Maclean's and Chatelaine. Clarkson also wrote and published her own romantic fiction novels: A Lover More Condoling in 1968, and Hunger Trace in 1970. Beyond these, her non-fiction book True to You in My Fashion: A Woman Talks to Men About Marriage, a collection of interviews with men on the subject of divorce, was published in 1971 (during which time her first marriage had hit a hard patch). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 1937 KB) Summary Adrienne Clarkson hosting The Fifth Estate Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 1937 KB) Summary Adrienne Clarkson hosting The Fifth Estate Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The correct title of this article is the fifth estate. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... Take 30 was a Canadian television newsmagazine series, which aired on CBC Television from 1962 to 1983. ... A cover of the Canadian magazine Macleans. ... Chatelaine is a Canadian womens magazine, published by Rogers Media Publishing (a subsidiary of Rogers Communications). ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1974, Clarkson began her own public affairs television show Adrienne at Large. The show was not particularly successful and lasted less than four months. For Clarkson, the series allowed her to travel outside of Canada; she recorded segments for the show in foreign countries like South Africa (where she interviewed Nadine Gordimer and Helen Suzman), and her native Hong Kong. Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Nadine Gordimer (born 20 November 1923) is a South African novelist and writer, winner of the 1991 Nobel Prize in literature and 1974 Booker Prize. ... Helen Suzman was born Helen Gavronsky on 7th November 1917 in Germiston, South Africa as the daughter of Lithuanian-Jewish immigrants. ...


The CBC created the hard journalism program the fifth estate in 1975 as a means of meeting Canadian content requirements. Clarkson co-hosted the show with Warner Troyer for the first season, but due to persistent problems between the two, Troyer left the series at the end of the first season, leaving Clarkson to host alone thereafter. The correct title of this article is the fifth estate. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Canadian content (abbreviated cancon or can-con) refers to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission requirements that radio and television broadcasters (including cable/satellite specialty channels) must air a certain percentage of content that was at least partly written, produced, presented, or otherwise contributed to by persons from Canada. ... Warner Troyer (b. ...


In 1983, after winning several ACTRA awards, Clarkson ended her job with The Fifth Estate. Shortly afterwards, Premier William Davis appointed her the Agent General for Ontario in France. In this role she promoted the province in several European countries and acted as a cultural liaison between Ontario and France. She left this position in 1987 to become President and Publisher of McClelland and Stewart, at a time when the publisher was in financial difficulty. Clarkson was not successful at improving the company's financial problems, and was highly unpopular with employees. After several protest resignations, Clarkson herself resigned after 18 months. She maintains the imprint Adrienne Clarkson Books with McClelland and Stewart. Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... An ACTRA Award is a Canadian prize given to members of the Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television and Radio Artists for accomplishment in film, radio and television. ... Image:Mcguinty77. ... For the actor, professor, and waterskiier, see William B. Davis The Honourable William (Bill) Grenville Davis, PC , CC , O.Ont. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor James K. Bartleman - Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 106 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area [1] Ranked... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... McClelland and Stewart is a Canadian publishing company. ... This article is about imprints in publishing. ...


Clarkson then opted to return to television, hosting Adrienne Clarkson Summer Festival in the summer of 1988. The series was popular enough to be picked up and repackaged as Adrienne Clarkson Presents, an arts show which was critically acclaimed, but which never received high ratings. Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1992 she was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. Her citation read: Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Seal of the Order of Canada The Order of Canada is Canadas highest civilian honour, with membership awarded to those who exemplify the Orders Latin motto Desiderantes meliorem patriam, which means (those) desiring a better country (Hebrews 11. ...

"One of our best-known media personalities, she has hosted more than three thousand five hundred television programs in one of the most respected careers in Canadian broadcasting history. She also served as the hard-working and successful Agent General for Ontario in France. She is a dedicated patron of the arts, journalism and many charitable organizations including the Kidney Foundation, Horizons of Canada and P.E.N. International."[3]

As host and executive producer of Adrienne Clarkson Presents she received numerous Gemini Award nominations, winning in 1993 for Best Host in a Light Information, Variety or Performing Arts Program or Series. She was the 1995 recipient of the Donald Brittain Award, a special award given every year for the best social/political documentary program. In 1995 she also won a Gémeaux Award (the French-Language equivalent of a Gemini) for Adrienne Clarkson Presents. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Gemini Awards are an annual awards ceremony in Canada. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Donald Brittain, O.C. (June 10, 1928 – July 21, 1989) was an acclaimed filmmaker with the National Film Board of Canada. ... The Gémeaux Award (Prix Gémeaux) honors French-Canadian (Québécois) achievements in Canadian television. ...


Her precise diction and sometimes haughty demeanor has been the subject of satire, most famously in the CBC Radio series Double Exposure, where co-creator Linda Cullen mimicked Clarkson with the line, "I'm Adrienne Clarkson, and you're not" (derived from Chevy Chase's early Saturday Night Live refrain). Promotional image of Linda Cullen and Bob Robertson for the CBC radio show Double Exposure Double Exposure was a Canadian radio and television comedy series which mocked contemporary Canadian politics. ... Chevy Chase (born October 8, 1943) is an Emmy Award-winning American comedian, writer, and television and film actor. ... Saturday Night Live (SNL) is a weekly late night 90 minute American comedy-variety show based in New York City that has been broadcast live by NBC on Saturday nights since October 11, 1975. ...


Throughout the 1990's there was much speculation that Clarkson would soon be given a high level appointment. This was finally realized in 1995 when Prime Minister Jean Chrétien and then Heritage Minister Michel Dupuy appointed her to the chair of the board of the Canadian Museum of Civilization, and later, to the Canadian War Museum as well, all while she continued to host her show.[4] It was during Clarkson's time that the War Museum announced the decision to build the impressive building which now houses its collection. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... Michel Dupuy (born in Paris, France January 11, 1930) is a Canadian diplomat, journalist, academic and politician. ... Categories: Museums in Canada | Ottawa buildings | Canadian federal departments and agencies ... The Canadian War Museum in Ottawa, Ontario. ...


She married philosopher John Ralston Saul on 31 July, 1999. The couple had lived together for 15 years before marrying. Image:Bigphotojonralstonsaulcc. ... This article is about the year. ...


Her brother is retired Toronto plastic surgeon Dr Neville Poy. Her sister-in-law is Senator Vivienne Poy. Dr Neville G. Poy (born 1935 in Hong Kong) B.Sc. ... The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... The Honourable Vivienne Poy, née Lee (利德蕙; Cantonese Yale: Ley6 Dak1-way6; Mandarin Pinyin: Lì Déhuì), (born 1941 in Hong Kong) was appointed to the Senate of Canada in 1998. ...


Governor General

On October 7, 1999 Adrienne Clarkson was sworn in as the twenty-sixth Governor General of Canada, after being appointed by Queen Elizabeth II, Canada's Monarch, on the advice of Prime Minister Jean Chrétien. Clarkson was the first visible minority Canadian Governor General, the second female, and the first without a military or political background. She was also the first (and thus far only) Governor General to be awarded the Order of Canada prior to taking office. Clarkson is an honorary member of the Royal Military College of Canada club. is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian Monarch, who is the Head of State; Canada is one of... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The composition of the disambiguation links at the head of this article and the other Wikipedia articles on the monarchies of the Commonwealth Realms is under discussion at Talk:Commonwealth Realm monarchies (disambiguation). ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... Visible minorities are persons who are not of the majority race in a given population. ... The Royal Military College of Canada (RMC), is the military academy of the Canadian Forces and is a full degree-granting university. ...


Following the terrorist attacks United States on September 11, 2001, Governor General Clarkson praised Operation Yellow Ribbon, saying "communities across the country selflessly opened their homes and hearts to stranded air travellers." Chrétien and U.S. Ambassador Paul Cellucci would also do similar. On September 14, 2001, the three would later stand together on Parliament Hill during a memorial service in honour of the victims of the attack, at which over 100,000 attended – the largest single vigil ever seen in Canada's capital. A sequential look at United Flight 175 crashing into the south tower of the World Trade Center The September 11, 2001 attacks (often referred to as 9/11—pronounced nine eleven or nine one one) consisted of a series of coordinated terrorist[1] suicide attacks upon the United States, predominantly... Operation Yellow Ribbon is the name of the operation that Transport Canada created to handle the diversion of civilian airline flights following the September 11, 2001 attacks. ... Paul Cellucci Argeo Paul Cellucci (born April 24, 1948) better known as Paul Cellucci, is an American politician and diplomat, former Governor of Massachusetts, and former Ambassador to Canada. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Centre Block, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Parliament Hill (French Colline du Parlement), The Hill to locals, is a scenic location on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ... A vigil (from the Latin vigilia, wakefulness) is a period of sleeplessness, an occasion for devotional watching or observance. ...


As Governor General she acted as Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian Forces, in the Queen's name. In this capacity she visited the battle group aiding the invasion of Afghanistan in 2002. During her last days in office, Clarkson was given a large farewell ceremony by the Armed Forces; the first governor general in Canada's history to be given a farewell ceremony. She has been widely praised by many Canadians for being the first Governor General to take the role of Commander-in-Chief seriously, and has also been credited for helping to boost Canadian pride in the Canadian Forces. Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... The Canadian Forces (French: Forces canadiennes), abbreviated as CF (French: FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada. ... Combatants Taliban al-Qaeda IMU Hezbi Islami Afghanistan Northern Alliance United Nations NATO ISAF Commanders Mohammed Omar Obaidullah Akhund # Dadullah  Jalaluddin Haqqani Osama bin Laden Ayman al-Zawahiri Mohammad Atef  Juma Namangani  Gulbuddin Hekmatyar Bismillah Khan Mohammed Fahim Abdul Rashid Dostum William J. Fallon Bantz J. Craddock Egon Ramms Dan...


Clarkson was asked, and agreed, to remain in office for another year beyond the traditional, but not official, five year period, to provide stability as the country faced potential constitutional difficulties arising from a minority government; other past Governors General have done similar in such circumstances, two being Roland Michener and Georges Vanier. This decision however, was met with mixed feelings across the country.[5] The Right Honourable Daniel Roland Michener, PC , CC , CMM , CD , LL.D (April 19, 1900 - August 6, 1991) was Governor General of Canada from 1967 to 1974. ... For other uses, see Georges Vanier (disambiguation). ...


On July 23, 2005 Clarkson was inducted as an honorary member to the Kainai Chieftainship, during a traditional ceremony held at Red Crow Park, near Standoff, Alberta. After the ceremony she was adopted into the Blood Tribe with the name of "Grandmother of Many Nations". She was the first Governor General since Edward Schreyer, in 1984, to be made an honorary chief, and only the third woman to be inducted since the creation of the Chieftainship. The Kainai (or Kainah, Kainaiwa) are a First Nation located in southern Alberta, Canada. ... Motto: Fortis et liber(Latin) Strong and free Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Official languages English (see below) Government - Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong - Premier Ed Stelmach (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 28 - Senate seats 6 Confederation September 1, 1905 (split from Northwest Territories) (8th [Province]) Area Ranked... Edward Richard Schreyer, PC, CC, CMM, OM, CD, LLD (born December 21, 1935, Beausejour, Manitoba) is a Canadian politician and member of the New Democratic Party of Canada. ...


Clarkson was admitted to hospital on July 8, 2005, to have a pacemaker installed.[6] The day following, a notice posted on the website of the Governor General said the operation was successful and she was resting in an undisclosed hospital in Toronto. is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A pacemaker A pacemaker (or artificial pacemaker, so as not to be confused with the hearts natural pacemaker) is a medical device designed to regulate the beating of the heart. ... “Surgeon” redirects here. ... For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ...


Shortly after this surgery, the Prime Minister's office confirmed that they were in the process of selecting a recommendation for the next Governor General. Haitian-born CBC broadcaster Michaëlle Jean was named as Clarkson's replacement on August 4, 2005 by Prime Minister Paul Martin. Jean replaced Clarkson on September 27, 2005. The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC), a Canadian crown corporation, is the country’s national public radio and television broadcaster. ... Michaëlle Jean, CC, CMM, COM, CD, DUniv (honoris causa), D.Litt (honoris causa) , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haïti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ... is the 216th day of the year (217th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB, LLD (h. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Following tradition Clarkson and Saul planted two ceremonial trees (swamp white oaks) to mark the end of her term in office on September 26, 2005.[7] That morning she attended a celebration at Parliament Hill in which Members of the House of Commons thanked her for her work. The Prime Minister personally expressed his thanks to her for remaining in office an extra year. At this ceremony, Clarkson was presented with the Flag of the Governor General which flew at parliament when she was in attendance.


Controversies

As Clarkson was one of Canada's most visible and well-known Governors General, her high profile caused her to be at the centre of a number of public controversies during her term, something few of her predecessors had to deal with.


Throughout the first few years of her term in office, Clarkson was praised as being a more modern Governor General and bringing more public attention to the office than in recent decades. Criticism soon ensued, however, regarding the way she and her office spent money. Under her tenure, the office's spending increased almost 200%; the budget for 2003 was estimated at $41 million. Part of this increase was due to accounting reasons: several costs associated with the Governor General that were formerly paid by various government ministries were transferred to the Governor General's office, such as bodyguard services.

Beside the Queen during her visit to Canada in 2005.

In late 2003 she undertook a nineteen day circumpolar "northern identity" tour, paying state visits to Russia, Finland, and Iceland, with fifty other Canadians prominent in various fields. This trip was seen as a waste of money by some of the Canadian public, particularly after several scandals surrounding high spending in the government, notably the sponsorship scandal and the lavish expense claims of Privacy Commissioner George Radwanski; but her office defended the trip as successful, particularly with regard to her warm reception in Russia and her meeting with Vladimir Putin. The trip was commissioned and paid for by the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade; however, the general itinerary was under her office's control. A scheduled continuation of the circumpolar "northern identity" tour that would have included visits to Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Greenland was scrapped by the Federal Government in early 2004. The increase in spending resulted in some politicians calling for the role of the Governor General to be reduced or even for the position to be eliminated. A poll taken late in 2003 found a majority of Canadians thought Clarkson was "too grand" for the office. In 2005, less than two weeks after her term as Governor General came to an end, Clarkson publicly criticised the federal government of Jean Chrétien for not defending the office, and reaffirmed that she had been asked by the Department of Foreign Affairs to take the trip in the first place. [8] Image File history File links ClarksonandQueen2005. ... Image File history File links ClarksonandQueen2005. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... State visits usually involve a military review. ... The sponsorship scandal, AdScam, or Sponsorgate, is an ongoing scandal that came as a result of a Canadian federal government sponsorship program in the province of Quebec and involving the Liberal Party of Canada (mostly its Quebec branch), which was in power since 1993 up to January 2006. ... The Privacy Commissioner of Canada is an advocate for the privacy rights of Canadians. ... George Radwanski is the former Privacy Commissioner of Canada. ... Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin (Russian: ) (born October 7, 1952) is the current President of the Russian Federation. ... The Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT), more commonly known as Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada, is a department in the Government of Canada which has responsibility for foreign policy and diplomacy, as well as import/export and international trade policies. ... Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... A foreign minister is a cabinet minister that helps to form foreign policy for sovereign nations. ...


In 2004, Clarkson and her office were once again under scrutiny, this time with Canadian monarchists. During a ceremony to recognize Canada's involvement at Juno Beach in the D-Day landings of 1944, Clarkson's office claimed that she was attending as Canada's Head of State, when in fact the Queen, who was also attending the ceremony, is Canada's Head of State and should have been treated as the senior official in attendance. Rideau Hall later retracted the statement saying that it was an error of a junior official. This article is about the beach codenamed in WWII. For other uses, see Juno Beach (disambiguation) Combatants Canada Germany Commanders Major-General R.F.L. Keller, 3rd Canadian Infantry Division Generalleutnant Wilhelm Richter, German 716th Static Infantry Division Strength 15,000[1] 7,771 Casualties 340 dead, 739 other casualties... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Rideau Hall is the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, and is the place of residence of the Monarch of Canada when visiting Ottawa. ...


During a visit to Vancouver in September 2004, Clarkson was booed and hissed at by a small, though very vocal, group of protesters. She was on a goodwill tour of a poor area of the city; however, the protesters argued that her visit was nothing more than a publicity stunt to try and gain some of her lost popular support to get her time in office extended. In November 2004 it was announced that Clarkson's budget would be cut by ten percent, despite the fact that it has been parliament itself that had approved her budget each year. Motto: By Sea, Land, and Air We Prosper Location of Vancouver within the Greater Vancouver Regional District in British Columbia, Canada Coordinates: , Country  Canada Province  British Columbia Region Lower Mainland Regional District Greater Vancouver Incorporated 1886 Government  - Mayor Sam Sullivan (NPA)  - City Council List of Councilors Suzanne Anton (NPA) Peter...


In early 2005 there were mixed feelings amongst Canadian Monarchists as to her role in the changing of Canada's Letters of Credence and Letters of Recall, which no longer refer to the Queen as Canada's Head of State. Clarkson, as both the Queen's and the Crown's representative, could (and should, many monarchists felt) have vetoed that change. A Letter of Credence is a formal letter sent by one head of state to another formally accrediting a named individual (usually but not always a diplomat) to be their ambassador in the country of the head of state receiving the letter of credence. ... A letter of credence is a formal letter sent by one head of state to another formally accrediting a named individual (usually but not always a diplomat) to be their ambassador in the country of the head of state receiving the letter of credence. ...


In January 2005, some expressed disappointment that Clarkson did not attend a memorial service for Alberta's late Lieutenant Governor Lois Hole. Rideau Hall issued a statement saying that Clarkson could not attend because she was out of the country to represent Canada at the inauguration of the President of Ukraine, Mr. Victor Yushchenko; however, the inauguration was postponed and some felt Clarkson could have returned to Canada for the service. This is a list of the lieutenant-governors of Alberta, Canada, since its establishment in 1905. ... The Honourable Lois Elsa Hole, CM, AOE (1933, Buchanan, Saskatchewan–January 6, 2005, Edmonton, Alberta) was a Canadian politician, businesswoman, educator and best-selling author. ... Viktor Andriyovych Yushchenko (Ukrainian:  ) (born February 23, 1954) is the current President of Ukraine. ...


It was later reported in The Toronto Sun and The Globe and Mail that after the postponement of the inauguration, Clarkson would base herself in Paris until a new date was set. This led to more outrage in the press. Further confusion was created when Rideau Hall informed the public that the Governor General was also to attend an audience of the Queen at Sandringham House. Rideau Hall stated that this dinner had been a "long-standing engagement"; however, the press later reported that sources at Buckingham Palace said the dinner was actually booked at the last minute. In response, some monarchists began lobbying Clarkson to resign if she had willingly used the Queen for publicity and damage control purposes. The Toronto Sun is an English language daily newspaper published in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... The Globe and Mail is a large English language national newspaper based in Toronto, Canada, and printed in seven cities across Canada. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Sandringham House is a country house on 8000 acres (32 km²) of land near the village of Sandringham, Norfolk, which is privately owned by the British Royal Family. ...


In March 2005, there were again questions over Clarkson's spending after it was reported she intended to make official visits to Spain and The Netherlands to attend the state funeral of the victims of the Madrid terrorist bombings and the 50th anniversary of the liberation of the Netherlands. However, Prime Minister Paul Martin had asked that she and her husband participate in the VE Day celebrations in the Netherlands and Moscow.[8][9] Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Je Maintiendrai (Dutch: Ik zal handhaven, English: I Shall Uphold) Anthem: Wilhelmus van Nassouwe Capital Amsterdam1 Largest city Amsterdam Official language(s) Dutch2 Government Parliamentary democracy Constitutional monarchy  - Queen Beatrix  - Prime minister Jan Peter Balkenende Independence Eighty Years War   - Declared July 26, 1581   - Recognised January 30, 1648 (by Spain... The 2004 Madrid train bombings (also known as 11-M, 3/11, 11/3 and M-11) were a series of coordinated bombings against the commuter train system of Madrid, Spain on the morning of 11 March 2004, which killed 191 people and wounded over 1700. ... Liberation Day (Dutch: Bevrijdingsdag) is celebrated each year on May 5 in the Netherlands to mark the end of the German occupation during the Second World War. ... Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB, LLD (h. ...


There was also some controversy during Remembrance Day ceremonies. Traditionally, the Governor General places the first wreath during the ceremony on behalf of the "People of Canada". Under Clarkson, both she and her husband placed the wreath. This troubled some commentators, although they later got used to the change. This was discontinued by Michaëlle Jean on November 11th 2005. Michaëlle Jean, CC, CMM, COM, CD, DUniv (honoris causa), D.Litt (honoris causa) , (born September 6, 1957, in Port-au-Prince, Haïti) is the current Governor General of Canada. ...


One final controversy took place in the final days of Clarkson's term. She decided to attend the swearing in of her successor, Mme Jean. This was the first time in over 100 years that a Governor General attended the swearing in of his/her successor.


Legacy

Clarkson's personal arms
Clarkson's personal arms

Despite criticism, Clarkson and her husband travelled across Canada and met more Canadians than any other Governor General in Canadian history. She went to Kosovo to meet with Canadian troops, spent Christmas with members of the Armed Forces in the Persian Gulf on a Canadian destroyer, and spent New Year's Day with Canadian soldiers in Afghanistan. Unlike many other political entities Clarkson also wrote most of her own speeches, which were noted for being intellectual and yet approachable. Clarkson's tenure was also notable for her patronage of the arts. Many credit Clarkson for being the first relevant Governor General since Vincent Massey in the 1950s, or Roland Michener in the 1970s. Image File history File links Large version of the arms of Adrienne Clarkson Obtained from the Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Large version of the arms of Adrienne Clarkson Obtained from the Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Kosovo (Albanian: Kosova or Kosovë, Serbian: , transliterated ; also , transliterated ) is a region in southern Serbia which has been under United Nations administration since 1999. ... Map of the Persian Gulf. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The Right Honourable Daniel Roland Michener, PC , CC , CMM , CD , LL.D (April 19, 1900 - August 6, 1991) was Governor General of Canada from 1967 to 1974. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ...


Early during Clarkson's time she created the Order of Merit of the Police Forces. Queen Elizabeth approved the Order in October 2000 and it was announced in March 2001. [10]. The first investiture took place on March 10th 2002 [11]. Such an Order had been suggested to Rideau Hall for nearly a decade [12] The Order of Merit of the Police Forces is an Order (decoration) of Canada, established in October 2000. ...


On March 10, 2005, Clarkson announced that she would create a new trophy for women's hockey in Canada. On September 14, 2005 she announced that the new "Clarkson Cup" would be created by artist Beth Biggs of Iqaluit, Nunavut, along with the assistance of students from the Nunavut Arctic College. In July of 2006, the Cup was finished, although details of how the competition will be arranged and the trophy awarded have not yet been announced. The Stanley Cup, the equivalent trophy for men's hockey, was donated in 1892 by a predecessor of Clarkson's, Lord Stanley. March 10 is the 69th day of the year (70th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Clarkson Cup is an ice hockey trophy that serves as the womens hockey equivalent of the Stanley Cup. ... Governing Body Iqaluit Municipal Council Location Land area 52. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Government - Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson - Premier Paul Okalik (Consensus government) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 1 (Nancy Karetak-Lindell) - Senate seats 1 (Willie Adams) Confederation... Nunavut Arctic College is funded by the Government of Nunavut and has several campuses and centres spread out throughout Nunavut, Canada. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (French: ) is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The 16th Earl of Derby Frederick Arthur Stanley, 16th Earl of Derby, KG, GCB, GCVO, PC (15 January 1841 – 14 June 1908), known as Frederick Stanley until 1886 and as The Lord Stanley of Preston between 1886 and 1893, was a Conservative Party politician in the United Kingdom who served...


As well, Clarkson organized an effort to ensure that the Governor General's study at Rideau Hall had copies of every book that had won the Governor General's Awards for literature. Since their creation in 1937, the Governor Generals Literary Awards have become one of Canadas most prestigious prizes, awarded in both French and English in seven categories: Fiction, Non-fiction, Poetry, Drama, Childrens Literature-Text, Childrens Literature-Illustration, and Translation. ...


Much of her self imposed mandate was to bring attention to Northern Canada. On September 15th 2005 she announced the creation of the Governor General's Northern Medal. This will be awarded annually to a citizen whose actions and achievements have contributed to the evolution and constant reaffirmation of the Canadian North as part of the national identity.[13] The Governor Generals Northern Medal was created by Adrienne Clarkson on September 15, 2005 to provide awards to those whom serve with distinction in Canadas north. ...


Clarkson's successor, Michaëlle Jean, recognised Clarkson as having "infused the office with a new energy", for "promot[ing] artists and their achievements from across Canada", and for her "close work with aboriginal communities".


Post vice-regal career

Clarkson and Saul purchased a new home in Toronto's The Annex district and took possession at the end of September 2005. Clarkson founded and co-chairs the Institute for Canadian Citizenship now that she has stepped down as Governor General. Larger homes typically found in the Annex north of Bloor Street. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


After leaving Rideau Hall Clarkson signed a deal with Penguin Canada to publish her memoirs in two books. The first book, Heart Matters (ISBN 978-0-670-06546-2), was published in September 2006. This makes Clarkson the third former Governor General to release an autobiography, the first being Field Marshal Earl Alexander of Tunis and the second being Massey, who released What's Past is Prologue: the Memoirs of the Right Honourable Vincent Massey, C. H. in 1963. It has been suggested that Penguin Modern Poets, Penguin Great Ideas be merged into this article or section. ...


In Heart Matters Clarkson outlined her childhood in Ottawa, and her career in the CBC. However, the second half of the book covered her time as governor general, and contained her own positive views of Jean Chrétien, and negative views of Paul Martin. She also expressed her opinion that in future the name put forward to the Queen for appointment as governor general should be voted on in the House of Commons. Joseph Jacques Jean Chrétien, usually known as Jean Chrétien, PC, QC, BA, BCL, LLD (h. ... Paul Edgar Philippe Martin, PC, MP, BA, LLB, LLD (h. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ...


The book was met with mixed reviews; notably, etiquette experts in the United Kingdom chided Clarkson for her condescending criticisms of the Queen's behaviour at a dinner party, and of the Queen Mother for having used different china settings throughout a formal meal, calling Clarkson "prissy."[14] Rex Murphy deemed Clarkson as hypocritical for claiming a governor general must adhere to tradition and discretion, all in a book that reveals intimate, and judgemental details about certain personages, and released mere months after she left the office.[15] Canadian monarchists condemned her suggested alterations to the selection process for the Governor General, claiming that an apolitical post should not be filled in a political manner; however, Maclean's supported her call for an elected nominee for governor general.[16] Rex Murphy (born March, 1947, Carbonear, Newfoundland) is a noted Canadian commentator. ... The Coat of Arms of the Monarchist League of Canada, granted with permission of Her Majesty The Queen in 2000. ... A cover of the Canadian magazine Macleans. ...


In October, 2006, during an interview with Don Newman on CBC Newsworld, Clarkson stated that she felt that while the Queen remained popular with Canadians, the Governor General was the direct representative of the Crown, not of the Queen, and was therefore Canada's legal head of state; a theory contrary to Eugene Forsey, the Government of Canada itself, and numerous others, but inline with Edward McWhinney. Don Newman is the Senior Parliamentary Editor for the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. ... CBC Newsworld is a Canadian 24-hour cable news television channel operated by the CBC. It broadcasts into over 10 million homes nation-wide, as well as into some northern states in the U.S. It is the worlds third-oldest television service of this nature, after CNN in... Hon. ... Edward (Ted) McWhinney is a Canadian academic specializing in constitutional and international law. ...


Clarkson was appointed by the Queen as Colonel-in-Chief of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry on February 7, 2007, replacing Countess Mountbatten of Burma, commenting that she was "deeply honoured" and proud to accept the role.[17] In the British and other Commonwealth armies, the Colonel-in-Chief of a regiment is its (usually Royal) patron. ... Princess Patricias Canadian Light Infantry (PPCLI) is an infantry regiment in the Canadian Forces (CF), belonging to 1 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (1 CMBG). ... The Right Honourable Patricia Edwina Victoria Knatchbull, 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma (born 14 February 1924) is a British peeress. ...


Religion

A member of the Church of St. Mary Magdalene (Toronto), Clarkson is a devout Anglican, as is her entire family going back five generations. Her uncle was a Priest in the Anglican Church in Hong Kong. Clarkson attended Trinity College because it was an Anglican institution. While there she casually dated divinity student Michael Peers who would later become an Archbishop and Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada. This friendship has been maintained over the years and Peers presided over Clarkson's marriage to Saul as well as officiating at her installation as Governor General and presided over the funerals of both her parents. Clarkson is also credited for returning prayer to the installation ceremony, which had been removed when Romeo LeBlanc was installed in 1995. [18] The Church of St. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hong Kong Sheng Kung Hui (HKSKH) (Traditional Chinese:香港聖公會) is the episcopal church (Anglican Church) in Hong Kong and Macao. ... For other institutions named Trinity College, see Trinity College. ... Michael Geoffrey Peers was Anglican Primate of Canada from 1986 till 2004. ... In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... The Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada is elected by the bishops, clergy and laity of the Church from among a list of five bishops nominated by the House of Bishops. ... The Right Honourable Roméo LeBlanc PC, CC, CMM, CD (born December 18, 1927 in Memramcook, New Brunswick) is a former Governor General of Canada. ...


Clarkson was admired by the faithful for being open about her faith during her time in Rideau Hall, although she is said to be saddened by the fact that no Canadian youth ever questioned her about her faith during her tenure as GG. Her coat of arms includes several religious elements. Notably, the tigers wear a badge based on the one granted to the Anglican Church of Canada in 1995. It also includes a Latin motto translating to "May Only The Truth Be Spoken, may only the truth be heard". In a December 2005 interview with the Anglican Journal she is quoted as saying that the point she wanted to make with these parts of their heraldic arms was that "I am an Anglican and that is part of my life; that I really feel at home in the Anglican Communion". [19] In this same interview she criticizes conservatives for creating what she calls the "deep divide" in the Anglican church regarding homosexuality. Rideau Hall is the official residence of the Governor General of Canada, and is the place of residence of the Monarch of Canada when visiting Ottawa. ... Homosexuality refers to sexual interaction and / or romantic attraction between individuals of the same sex. ...


Clarkson was also noted for visiting Anglican Churches around Canada on her many visits, saying that she enjoyed seeing how the church fit in communities in all parts of Canada. Her public faith, like much of her term, had its run-ins with controversy. She took particular criticism when she was seen taking communion in a Catholic church since that denomination does not permit open communion. [20] [21] The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ...


Titles, honours and awards

Shorthand titles

  • 10 February 1939 – 1963: Miss/Mme Adrienne Poy
  • 1963 – 1975: Mrs/Mme Stephen Clarkson
  • 1975 – 30 April 1992: Mrs/Mme Adrienne Clarkson
  • 30 April 199228 September 1999: Mrs/Mme Adrienne Clarkson, OC
  • 28 September – 7 October, 1999: Mrs/Mme Adrienne Clarkson, CC, CMM
  • 7 – 14 October, 1999: Her Excellency The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, CC, CMM
  • 14 October, 1999 – October 2000: Her Excellency The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, CC, CMM, CD
  • October 2000 – 27 September 2005: Her Excellency The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, CC, CMM, COM, CD
  • 27 September, 2005 – October 3, 2005: The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, CC, CMM, COM, CD
  • October 3, 2005 – Present: The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, PC, CC, CMM, COM, CD [22]

is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 271st day of the year (272nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 276th day of the year (277th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Honours

Commonwealth Realms honours
Country Award or order Class or position Year Citation
Canada Canadian Centennial Medal 1967-present
Canada Commemorative Medal for the 125th Anniversary of the Confederation of Canada 1992-present
Canada Order of Canada Chancellor and Principal Companion 1999-2005 [9]
Canada Order of Military Merit Chancellor and Commander 1999-2005 [10]
Canada Order of Merit of the Police Forces Chancellor and Commander 1999-2005 [11]
Canada Canadian Forces Decoration 1999-present
Commonwealth Realms Venerable Order of Saint John Prior and Chief Officer 1999-2005 [12]
Canada Queen's Privy Council for Canada Privy Councillor 2005-present
Canada Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal 2002-present
Canada Order of Canada Companion 2005-present
Canada Order of Military Merit Commander 2005-present
Canada Order of Merit of the Police Forces Commander 2005-present
Commonwealth Realms Venerable Order of Saint John 2005-present
Foreign honours
Country Award or order Class or position Year Citation
Russia Order of Friendship of the Russian Federation 2003-present
Non-national Commonwealth Realms honours
Country Organization Award or position Year Citation
Canada Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television and Radio Artists ACTRA Award 1974
Canada Alliance of Canadian Cinema, Television and Radio Artists ACTRA Award 1982
Canada Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television Gemini for Best Host in a Light Information, Variety or Performing Arts Program 1993
Canada Gemeaux Award Meilleur 1995

Award nominations

  • 1992: Gemini Award: Best Host in a Light Information, Variety or Performing Arts Program or Series for Adrienne Clarkson Presents
  • 1993: Gemini Award: Best Performing Arts Program for Adrienne Clarkson Presents - shared with Gordon Stewart
  • 1994: Gemini Award: Donald Brittain Award for Best Social/Political Documentary Program for Adrienne Clarkson Presents
  • 1994: Gemini Award: Best Host in a Lifestyle Information, Variety or Performing Arts Program or Series for Adrienne Clarkson Presents
  • 1995: Gemini Award: Best Performing Arts Program for Adrienne Clarkson Presents
  • 1998: Gemini Award: Best Performing Arts Program or Series, or Arts Documentary Program for Adrienne Clarkson Presents: Black and White to Colour: The Making of "The English Patient"
  • 1998: Gemini Award: Best Performing Arts Program or Series, or Arts Documentary Program for Adrienne Clarkson Presents[23]

Honorary military positions

Military Force Unit Position Year
Canadian Army Governor General's Horse Guards Colonel of the Regiment 1999-2005
Canadian Army Governor General's Foot Guards Colonel of the Regiment 1999-2005
Canadian Army Canadian Grenadier Guards Colonel of the Regiment 1999-2005
Canadian Army Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry Colonel-in-Chief 2007-present

Honorary Degrees

Military positions

Military Force Unit Position Year
Canadian Forces Commander-in-Chief of Canadian Forces 1999-2005

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ Clarkson looks forward to books, Xmas leftovers. CTV News (2003-12-23).
  2. ^ Adrienne Clarkson. Heart Matters: a memoir p.32 ISBN 0-670-06546-3
  3. ^ Adrienne Clarkson's Order of Canada citation.
  4. ^ Dupuy names Clarkson as Chairperson of Museum of Civilization. Department of Heritage (1995-11-07).
  5. ^ The Globe and Mail
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ [2]
  8. ^ [3]
  9. ^ [4]
  10. ^ http://gg.ca/media/doc.asp?lang=e&DocID=365
  11. ^ http://gg.ca/media/doc.asp?lang=e&DocID=405
  12. ^ http://gg.ca/media/doc.asp?lang=e&DocID=4487
  13. ^ [5]
  14. ^ Graham, David; Toronto Star: Clarkson disses the Queen: In new book, ex-GG gets all haughty about royal manners but experts say she misses the point; October 3, 2006
  15. ^ Murphy, Rex; Globe and Mail: Adrienne Clarkson: the personal and the political; September 23, 2006]
  16. ^ Editorial; Maclean's: It's time to vote for the governor general; September 25, 2006
  17. ^ Canadian Press; Globe and Mail: Clarkson named colonel-in-chief of PPCLI; February 7, 2007
  18. ^ http://www.monarchist.ca/cmn/installed.htm
  19. ^ This quote is taken from the Anglican Journal. Vol 131. No. 10, December 2005 page 10. This interview is accessible online at http://anglicanjournal.com/131/10/canada04.html
  20. ^ http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1141/is_16_39/ai_98370562
  21. ^ http://anglicanjournal.com/129/03/canada07.html
  22. ^ [6] Privy Council Database. Clarkson was sworn in on October 3rd 2005.
  23. ^ [7] Academy.ca awards database. Criteria was Search by persons name. All Award Shows. Adrienne Clarkson.
  24. ^ http://www.gg.ca/media/doc.asp?lang=e&DocID=4215
  25. ^ http://www.lsuc.on.ca/news/a/archives/index.cfm?c=1029&i=6293
  26. ^ http://web.uvic.ca/univsec/governance/hondegreelist.html

External links

Preceded by
Roméo LeBlanc
Governor General of Canada
19992005
Succeeded by
Michaëlle Jean
Preceded by
Roméo LeBlanc
Canadian order of precedence Succeeded by
Gerda Hnatyshyn
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Adrienne Clarkson - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4176 words)
Clarkson is of Taishan, Guangdong, China ancestry, being a Hakka born in Hong Kong to Australian-Chinese businessman William Poy (伍英才 Pinyin: Wǔ Yīngcái), and Ethel Poy.
Clarkson claims that one of her earliest memories is of hiding in her Hong Kong basement during the invasion by the Japanese in 1941.
Clarkson was admired by the faithful for being open about her faith during her time in Rideau Hall, although she is said to be saddened by the fact that no Canadian youth ever questioned her about her faith during her tenure as GG.
Adrienne Clarkson | Definition | Information | Explanation | Review | WikiCity.com - Wikipedia Free Encyclopedia, Free ... (876 words)
The Right Honourable Adrienne Clarkson, née: Poy, (伍冰枝; pinyin: Wǔ Bīng zhī; Cantonese: Ng5 Benk1 zi1) (born February 10, 1939 in Hong Kong), is the current Governor General of Canada (since 1999).
A Hakka raised in Ontario, Clarkson's ancestry is from Taishan, Guangdong, China.
Clarkson studied at Ottawa public schools, until 1956, when she studied in the University of Toronto's Trinity College.
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