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Encyclopedia > Adriatic Sea
A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea.
A satellite image of the Adriatic Sea.

The Adriatic Sea is a body of water separating the Apennine peninsula from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. The Adriatic Sea is a part of the Mediterranean Sea. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Satellite view of the Peninsula in spring The Italian Peninsula or Apennine Peninsula (Italian: Penisola italiana or Penisola appenninica) is one of the greatest peninsulas of Europe, spanning 1,000 km from the Alps in the north to the central Mediterranean Sea in the south. ... The Balkans is the historic and geographic name used to describe southeastern Europe (see the Definitions and boundaries section below). ... The Apennine Mountains (Greek: Απεννινος; Latin: Appenninus--in both cases used in the singular; Italian: Appennini) is a mountain range stretching 1000 km from the north to the south of Italy along its east coast, traversing the entire peninsula, and forming, as it were, the backbone of the country. ... Mt Orjen at the Bay of Kotor is the heaviest karstified range of the dinarids View of the central part of the Dinaric Alps (north=down) Valbona pass, northern Albania. ... Composite satellite image of the Mediterranean Sea. ...


The western coast is Italian, while the eastern coast runs mostly along Croatia, but lesser parts belong to Italy, Slovenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, and Albania. Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006   -  Recognized June...

Contents

Name and etymology

Look up Adriatic Sea in
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Map of the Adriatic Sea
Map of the Adriatic Sea

The name has existed since antiquity; in the Latin of the Romans (Ancient Latin) it was Mare Superum; in medieval Latin it was Mare Hadriaticum or Mare Adriaticum. The name, derived from the Etruscan colony of Adria (or Hadria), originally designated only to the upper portion of the sea (Herodotus vi. 127, vii. 20, ix. 92; Euripides, Hippolytus, 736), but was gradually extended as the Syracusan colonies gained in importance. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Download high resolution version (589x800, 197 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (589x800, 197 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Medieval Latin refers to the Latin used in the Middle Ages, primarily as a medium of scholarly exchange and as the liturgical language of the medieval Roman Catholic Church. ... Extent of Etruscan civilization and the twelve Etruscan League cities. ... Adria is a town in the province of Rovigo in the Veneto region of Northern Italy, situated between the mouths of the rivers Adige and Po. ... Syracuse (Italian, Siracusa, ancient Syracusa - see also List of traditional Greek place names) is a city on the eastern coast of Sicily and the capital of the province of Syracuse, Italy. ...


But even then the Adriatic in the narrower sense only extended as far as the Monte Gargano, the outer portion being called the Ionian Sea: the name was sometimes, however, inaccurately used to include the Gulf of Tarentum (the modern-day Gulf of Taranto), the Sea of Sicily, the Gulf of Corinth and even the sea between Crete and Malta (Acts xxvii. 27). Gargano landscape. ... The Ionian Sea. ... The Gulf of Taranto (Italian: Golfo di Taranto, Latin: Sinus Tarentinus) is a gulf of the Ionian sea, in southern Italy. ... The Strait of Sicily is the strait between Sicily and Tunisia. ... The Gulf of Corinth or the Corinthian Gulf is a deep inlet of the Ionian Sea separating the Peloponnese from western mainland Greece. ... For the famous World War II battle, see: Battle of Crete For other uses, see Crete (disambiguation). ...


The Adriatic Sea is situated largely between the eastern coast of Italy and Croatia, both major tourist attractions. It was used by the ancient Romans to transport goods (including animals and slaves) to Ostia (the Roman port). The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ... Ostia Antica was the harbor of ancient Rome and perhaps its first colonia. ...

Serbian (српски језик; srpski jezik) is one of the standard versions of the Shtokavian dialect, used primarily in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Croatia, and by Serbs in the Serbian diaspora. ...

Extent and Bathymetry

The Adriatic extends northwest from 40° to 45° 45' N., with an extreme length of about 770 km (415 nm, 480 mi). It has a mean breadth of about 160 km (85 nm, 100 mi), although the Strait of Otranto, through which it connects at the south with the Ionian Sea, is only 45-55 nautical miles wide (85-100 km). A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... In mathematics and statistics, the arithmetic mean (or simply the mean) of a list of numbers is the sum of all the members of the list divided by the number of items in the list. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ... A mile is a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including Imperial units, United States customary units and Norwegian/Swedish mil. ... Map showing the location of the Strait of Otranto. ... A nautical mile or sea mile is a unit of length. ...


Moreover, the chain of islands which fringes the northern part of the eastern shore reduces the extreme breadth of open sea in this part to 145 km (78 nm, 90 mi). Its total surface area is about 60,000 square miles (160,000 km²). To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...


The northern part of the sea is very shallow, and between the southern promontories of Istria and Rimini the depth rarely exceeds 46 m (25 fathoms). Between Šibenik and Ortona a well-marked depression occurs, a considerable area of which exceeds 180 m (100 fathoms) in depth. Istria (Croatian and Slovenian: Istra, Venetian and Italian: Istria) is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... Rimini is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. ... A fathom is the name of a unit of length in the Imperial system (and the derived U.S. customary units). ... Šibenik Šibenik (Italian: Sebenico) is a historic town in Croatia, population 52,654 (2001), located in central Dalmatia where the Krka river flows into the Adriatic Sea. ... Ortona is a coastal town and comune of Chieti province in the Italian region of Abruzzo, 42°21N 14°24E, 72 m (236 ft) above sea-level, with 22,700 inhabitants as of the 2003 census. ...


From a point between Korčula and the north shore of the spur of Monte Gargano there is a ridge giving shallower water, and a broken chain of a few islets extends across the sea. A view of the city of Korčula Korčula (Italian Curzola, Greek Korkyra Melaina) is the modern Croatian name for an island in the Adriatic Sea with a long Byzantine and Venetian history. ... Gargano landscape. ...


The deepest part of the sea lies east of Monte Gargano, south of Dubrovnik, and west of Durrës where a large basin gives depths of 900 m (500 fathoms) and upwards, and a small area in the south of this basin falls below 1,460 m (800 fathoms). The mean depth of the sea is estimated at 240 m (133 fathoms). View of Durrës Durrës (historical names: Δυρράχιον,Durazzo, Epidamnos, Драч, Dyrrhachium) is the most ancient and one of the most economically important cities of Albania. ...


Coasts and islands

An island in the Adriatic sea, seen from the ferry between Hvar and Korčula in Croatia
An island in the Adriatic sea, seen from the ferry between Hvar and Korčula in Croatia

The west shore is generally low, merging, in the northwest, into the marshes and lagoons on either hand of the protruding delta of the river Po, the sediment of which has pushed forward the coastline for several miles within historic times -- Adria is now some distance from the shore. Island in the adriatic, taken by user:donarreiskoffer June 2003, high resolution picture on request on talk page. ... Island in the adriatic, taken by user:donarreiskoffer June 2003, high resolution picture on request on talk page. ... Hvar on the map of Croatia Coat of arms For the acronym, see HVAR. Hvar (Italian Lesina) is a Croatian island in the Adriatic Sea, located off the Dalmatian coast. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 279 km² (entire island) Location Mayor Mirko Duhović (SDP) Population 3,232 (town); 16,138 (island) Korčula (Italian Curzola, Latin Corcyra Nigra, Greek Korkyra Melaina, Old-Slavic: Krkar) is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia. ... The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ...


On islands within one of the lagoons opening from the Gulf of Venice, Venice has its unique situation. Other notable cities on the Italian coast are Trieste, Ravenna, Rimini, Ancona, Pescara, Bari and Brindisi. The Gulf of Venice is a gulf located on the west of the Adriatic Sea, between the Istrian peninsula and the Po River delta. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia, Latin: Venetia) is a city in northern Italy, the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,663 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian: Trst; German: Triest) is a city and port in northeastern Italy right on the border with Slovenia. ... Ravenna is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ... Rimini is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Province of Rimini. ... Ancona is a city and a seaport in the Marche, a region of central Italy, population 101,909 (2005). ... Pescaras port in the afterglow. ... Location within Italy Bari is the capital of the province of Bari and of the Apulia (or Puglia) region, on the Adriatic sea, in Italy. ... Brindisi is an ancient city in the Italian region of Puglia, the capital of the province of Brindisi. ...


The east coast is generally bold and rocky, with many islands. South of the Istrian Peninsula, which separates the Gulfs of Venice and Gulf of Trieste from the Bay of Kvarner, the island-fringe of the east coast extends as far south as Dubrovnik. Istria (Croatian and Slovenian: Istra, Venetian and Italian: Istria) is the largest peninsula in the Adriatic Sea. ... Gulf of Trieste and the littoral The Gulf of Trieste (Italian: Golfo di Trieste, Slovene: Tržaški zaliv, German: Golf von Triest ) is a shallow bay of the Adriatic Sea, in the extreme northern part of the Mediterranean Sea. ... The Kvarner bay (Croatian kvarnerski zaljev, Italian Golfo del Quarnero/Quarnaro/Carnaro; sometimes also Kvarner gulf) is a bay in northern Adriatic Sea, located between the Istria peninsula and the northern Croatian seacoast. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 143. ...


The islands, which are long and narrow (the long axis lying parallel with the coast of the mainland), rise rather abruptly to elevations of a few hundred feet, with the exception of a few larger islands like Brač (Vidova gora, 778 m) or the peninsula Pelješac (St. Ilija, 961 m). There are over a thousand islands in the Adriatic, 66 of which are inhabited. Location of Brač Brač (pronounced as Bra-tch; Latin Bratzis, Italian Brazza) is an island in the Adriatic Sea within Croatia, with an area of 396 km², making it the third largest island in the Adriatic, and thus the largest in Dalmatia. ... PeljeÅ¡ac (Italian Sabioncello) is a peninsula in southern Croatia, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county. ...


On the mainland, notably in the magnificent inlet of the Gulf of Kotor (Boka Kotorska, Bocche di Cattaro; named after the town of Kotor), lofty mountains often fall directly to the sea. Historic map of the Gulf, 16th century Gulf of Kotor or the Bay of Kotor (Serbian and Croatian: Бока которска Boka kotorska, Italian: ) in western Montenegro is a winding bay on the Adriatic sea. ... Coordinates Mayor Marija Ćatović (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 335 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 1,331 22,947 {{{density}}} No. ...


The prevalent colour of the rocks is a light, dead grey, contrasting harshly with the dark vegetation, which on some of the islands is luxuriant. In fact, Montenegro (Black Mountain) was named after the black pines that cover the coast there, and similarly the Greek name for the island of Korčula is Korkyra Melaina meaning "Black Corfu". Anthem Oj, svijetla majska zoro Oh, Bright Dawn of May Montenegro() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Podgorica Official languages Serbian (Ijekavian dialect)1 Government Republic  -  President Filip Vujanović  -  Prime Minister Željko Å turanović Independence due to the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro   -  Declared June 3, 2006   -  Recognized June... Binomial name Pinus nigra J.F.Arnold The European Black Pine Pinus nigra (generally called Black Pine in Europe), is a variable species of pine, occurring across southern Europe from Spain to the Crimea, and also in Asia Minor, Cyprus, and locally in the Atlas Mountains of northwest Africa. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 279 km² (entire island) Location Mayor Mirko Duhović (SDP) Population 3,232 (town); 16,138 (island) Korčula (Italian Curzola, Latin Corcyra Nigra, Greek Korkyra Melaina, Old-Slavic: Krkar) is an island in the Adriatic Sea, in the Dubrovnik-Neretva county of Croatia. ...


Major cities on the northeastern coast include Trieste in Italy; Izola, Koper, Piran and Portorož in Slovenia; Umag, Poreč, Rovinj, Pula, Opatija, Rijeka, Senj, Zadar, Biograd, Šibenik, Trogir, Split, Makarska, Ploče and Dubrovnik in Croatia; Neum in Bosnia and Herzegovina; Herceg Novi, Kotor, Tivat, Bar, Budva and Ulcinj in Montenegro; and Durrës in Albania. Trieste (Italian: Trieste; Slovenian, Croatian and Serbian: Trst; German: Triest) is a city and port in northeastern Italy right on the border with Slovenia. ... Area: 28. ... Area: 311. ... Area: 44,6 km² Population  - males  - females 16. ... Portorož (Portorose in Italian, literally Port of Roses) is a coastal town in Slovenia and one of the countrys largest tourist areas. ... Umag (Italian: Umago) is a coastal city in Istria, Croatia. ... Position of Poreč in Croatia. ... Rovinj, seen from Campanile of Sv. ... Pula (Croatia) Pula (Croatian Pula, Italian Pola; the city has an official Croatian-Italian bilingualism [1] - in Istriot Pula, German Polei, Slovenian Pulj) is the largest city in Istria, Croatia, situated at the southern tip of the peninsula, with a population of 62,080 (2006). ... Position of Opatija in Croatia. ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian. ... Senj (Latin Senia,Hungarian Zengg, Italian Segna, Serbian: Сењ ) is a city in the Lika-Senj county of Croatia, population 8,132 (2001), geographically located at 44°57′N 14°54′E. Senj is located on the Adriatic coast below the Vratnik mountain pass which separates the Velebit mountain from the... For other uses, see Zadar (disambiguation). ... Biograd na Moru is a city in Zadar County, Dalmatia, Croatia ... Å ibenik Å ibenik (German: Sibenning, Italian: Sebenico) is an historic town in Croatia, population 51,553 (2001). ... Coat of arms Trogir (Italian Traù, Latin Tragurium, Greek Tragurion, Hungarian Tengerfehérvár) is a historic town and harbour on the Adriatic coast in Split-Dalmatia county, Croatia, with a population of 10,907 (2001) and a total municipality population of 13,322 (2001). ... For other uses, see Split (disambiguation). ... County Split-Dalmatia County Area 28 km² Geographic Coordinates Population 13,418(2004) Mayor SiniÅ¡a Srzić Makarska (Croatia) Makarska municipality within Split-Dalmatia county Makarska ( ) is a small town on the Adriatic coastline of Croatia, about 60 km southeast of Split and 140 km northwest of Dubrovnik. ... A ploce is a figure of speech in which a word is separated or repeated by way of emphasis. ... County Dubrovnik–Neretva Area 143. ... Shield of Neum Neum is the only seaside town in Bosnia and Herzegovina. ... Coordinates Mayor Dejan Mandić Municipality area 235 km² Population  - city  - municipality 12,739 33,034 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 1382 Area code +381 88 Car plates HN Official Website www. ... Coordinates Mayor Marija Ćatović (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 335 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 1,331 22,947 {{{density}}} No. ... Coordinates Mayor Dragan KankaraÅ¡ (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 46 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 9,467 13,630 {{{density}}} No. ... Coordinates Mayor Žarko Pavićević (DPS - SDP) Municipality area 598 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 13,719 40,037 67. ... Coordinates Mayor Rajko Kuljača Municipality area 122 km² Population  - city  - municipality 10,918 15,909 Time zone  - Standard  - Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) CEST (UTC+2) Founded 5th Century B.C. Area code +381 86 Car plates BD Official Website http://www. ... Coordinates Mayor Gëzim Hajdinaga (DUA - DPS - SDP) Municipality area 255 km² Population (2003 census)  - city  - municipality  - density 10,828 20,290 79. ... View of Durrës Durrës (historical names: Δυρράχιον,Durazzo, Epidamnos, Драч, Dyrrhachium) is the most ancient and one of the most economically important cities of Albania. ...


Miscellaneous

The bora (northeast wind), and the prevalence of sudden squalls from this quarter or the southeast, are dangers to navigation in winter. Also notable are sirocco (southern wind) which brings rain in the winter and maestral (western wind) which brings clear weather in the summer. Bora, also known as Bura (in Croatian) or Burja (in Slovenian) is a northern to north-eastern katabatic wind in the Adriatic, Greece and Turkey. ... Sirocco, scirocco, jugo or, rarely, siroc is a strong southerly to southeasterly wind in the Mediterranean that originates from the Sahara and similar North African regions. ... A north-westerly wind which blows in summer in the Adriatic when pressure is low over the Balkan peninsula. ...


Tidal movement is slight. The amphidromic point is just off the northwestern shore, near Ancona. An amphidromic point is a point within a tidal system where the tidal range is almost zero. ...


Both coasts are popular tourist destinations and many consider this sea the most beautiful in the world. Tourists on Oahu, Hawaii Tourism is travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes or the provision of services to support this leisure travel. ...

Adriatic Sea (Croatia)

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3500x461, 240 KB) Summary Adriatic Sea (Dalmatia, Croatia). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (3500x461, 240 KB) Summary Adriatic Sea (Dalmatia, Croatia). ...

See also

These are the main rivers of Europe (ecologically, the extreme west of the Palearctic ecozone - which includes Russia in the east). ... This is a list of islands in the Adriatic. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Adriatic Sea - definition of Adriatic Sea in Encyclopedia (770 words)
The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges.
The Adriatic extends northwest from 40° to 45° 45' N., with an extreme length of about 480 miles (770 km), and a mean breadth of about 100 miles (160 km), but the Strait of Otranto, through which it connects at the south with the Ionian Sea, is only 45 miles (72 km) wide.
The northern part of the sea is very shallow, and between the southern promontories of Istria and Rimini the depth rarely exceeds 25 fathoms (46 m).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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