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Encyclopedia > Adriaen Block
Block's map of his 1614 voyage, with the first appearance of the term "New Netherland"
Block's map of his 1614 voyage, with the first appearance of the term "New Netherland"

Adriaen Block (15671627) was a Dutch private fur trader and navigator who explored the coastal and river valley areas between present-day New Jersey and Massachusetts during four voyages from 1611 to 1614, following the 1609 expedition by Henry Hudson. He is noted for establishing early trade with the Native Americans, and for the 1614 map of his last voyage on which many features of the mid-Atlantic region appear for the first time, and on which the term New Netherland is first applied to the region. He is credited with being the first European to enter Long Island Sound and the Connecticut River and to determine that Manhattan and Long Island are islands. Map made by Adriaen Block of his 1614 expedition to North America. ... Map made by Adriaen Block of his 1614 expedition to North America. ... Events The Duke of Alva arrives in the Netherlands with Spanish forces to suppress unrest there. ... Events A Dutch ship makes the first recorded sighting of the coast of South Australia. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  Ranked 47th  - Total 8,729 sq mi (22,608 km²)  - Width 70 miles (110 km)  - Length 150 miles (240 km)  - % water 14. ... Official language(s) English Capital Boston Largest city Boston Area  Ranked 44th  - Total 10,555 sq mi (27,360 km²)  - Width 183 miles (295 km)  - Length 113 miles (182 km)  - % water 13. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... No portrait of Hudson is known to be in existence. ... A Hupa man, 1923 The term Indigenous peoples of the Americas encompasses the inhabitants of the Americas before the European discovery of the Americas in the late 15th century, as well as many present-day ethnic groups who identify themselves with those historical peoples. ... Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ... New York City waterways: 1. ... The Connecticut River as seen from the French King Bridge in western Massachusetts. ... The Borough of Manhattan, highlighted in yellow, lies between the East River and the Hudson River. ...

Contents


Block's Expeditions

Early Voyages (1611-1612)

Following Hudson's contact with the Native Americans in the Hudson Valley in 1609, the Dutch merchants in Amsterdam had deemed the area worth exploring as a potential source of trade for beaver pelts, which were a lucrative market in Europe at the time. For the magazine, see Hudson Valley (magazine). ... // Events April 4 – King of Spain signs an edit of expulsion of all moriscos from Spain April 9 – Spain recognizes Dutch independence May 23 - Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia. ... Amsterdam Location Flag Country Netherlands Province North Holland Population 742,951(1 January 2005) Demonym Amsterdammer Coordinates Website www. ... Binomial name Castor canadensis Kuhl, 1820 A taxidermied American Beaver The American Beaver (Castor canadensis) is a large semi-aquatic rodent native to Canada, most of the United States and parts of northern Mexico. ...


The following year in 1610, a ship from Monnikendam, skipper Symen Lambertsz Mau, perished in the Hudson River and the following year in 1611, at the commission of a group of Lutheran merchants, Block and fellow captain Hendrick Christiaensen revisited the area Hudson had explored, bringing back furs and two sons of a native sachem. The prospect of successful fur trade prompted the States General, the Governing body of the Dutch Republic, to issue a statement, on March 27, 1614, stipulating that the discoverers of new countries, harbors, and passages would be given an exclusive patent good for four voyages, to be undertaken within three years, to the territories discovered, if the applicant would submit a detailed report within 14 days after his return. // Events January 7 - Galileo Galilei discovers the Galilean moons of Jupiter. ... The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river running mainly through New York State but partly forming the boundary between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... Events June 23 - Henry Hudsons crew maroons him, his son and 7 others in a boat November 1 - At Whitehall Palace in London, William Shakespeares romantic comedy The Tempest is presented for the first time. ... Hendrick Christiaensen (d. ... A sagamore is the head of a Native American tribe. ... The Estates-General (Staten-Generaal) is the parliament of the Netherlands. ... March 27 is the 86th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (87th in leap years). ...


The 1614 Expedition

In 1614, he made a fourth voyage to the lower Hudson in the Tyger accompanied by several other ships especially equipped for trading. While moored along southern Manhattan, the Tyger was accidentally destroyed by fire. Over the winter, he and his men, with help from the Lenape, built the 42-foot ship 16-ton Onrust (Trouble or Restless). Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... The Tyger was the ship used by Dutch captain Adriaen Block during his 1613-1614 voyage to explore the East Coast of North America and the present day Hudson River. ... The Lenape or Lenni-Lenape (later named Delaware Indians by Europeans) were, in the 1600s, loosely organized bands of Native American people practicing small-scale agriculture to augment a largely mobile hunter-gatherer society in the region around the Delaware River, the lower Hudson River, and western Long Island Sound. ... The Onrust was a Dutch ship that was built by Adriaen Block and the crew of the Tyger, which had been destroyed by fire. ...


In this latter ship, he explored the East River and was the first known European to navigate the Hellegat (now called Hell Gate) and to enter Long Island Sound. Travelling along Long Island Sound, entered the Housatonic River (which he named "River of Red Hills") and the Connecticut River, which he explored it at least as far as present day Hartford, sixty miles up the river [1]. Leaving Long Island Sound, he charted Block Island, which is named for him and Narragansett Bay, where he possibly named "Roode Eylandt" after the red (Dutch roode) color of its soil [2]. On Cape Cod, he rendezvoused with one of the other ships of the expedition and left the Onrust behind before returning to Europe. New York City waterways: 1. ... Hell Gate, shown in red, in a satellite photo of New York Harbor. ... The Housatonic River is a river, approximately 144 mi (230 km) long, in western Massachusetts and central Connecticut in the United States. ... Nickname: The Insurance Capital of the World Location in Hartford County, Connecticut Coordinates: ) Counties Hartford County Mayor Eddie Perez Area    - City 18. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Narragansett Bay, shown in pink. ... Aquidneck Island Aquidneck Island, also called Rhode Island, is the largest island in Narragansett Bay. ... Astronaut photo of Cape Cod and Cape Cod Bay. ...


United New Netherland Company

Upon returning, Block compiled a map of his voyage together with known information of the time. The Block map was the first to apply the name "New Netherland" to the area between English Virginia and French Canada, as well as the first to show Long Island as an island. Map based on Adriaen Blocks 1614 expedition to New Netherland, featuring the first use of the name. ... The 1609 charter for the Virginia colony from sea to sea The Virginia Colony refers to the English colony in North America that existed during the 17th and 18th centuries before the American Revolution. ... New France (French: la Nouvelle-France) describes the area colonized by France in North America during a period extending from the exploration of the Saint Lawrence River, by Jacques Cartier in 1534, to the cession of New France to the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1763. ... Mercator projection of Long Island Long Island is an island in New York, USA. It has an area of 1,377 square miles (3567 km²) and a population of 7. ...


On October 11, 1614, Block, Christiaensen, and a group of twelve other merchants presented to the States General a petition to receive exclusive trading privileges for the area. Their company, the newly-formed United New Netherland Company, was granted exclusive rights for three years to trade between the 40th parallel and the 45th parallel [3]. October 11 is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April 5 - In Virginia, Native American Pocahontas marries English colonist John Rolfe. ... The Estates-General (Staten-Generaal) is the parliament of the Netherlands. ... Blocks Figurative Map of his 1614 voyage, presented to the Estates-General along with the petition of a charter New Netherland Company (Dutch: Nieuw-Nederland Compagnie) was a chartered company of Dutch merchants. ... The 40th parallel north is an imaginary line of latitude that circles through the Northern Hemisphere. ... The 45th parallel of north latitude is the east-west line that marks the halfway point between the equator and the North Pole In North America, it roughly marks the International Boundary between the United States and Canada between the St. ...


Trivia

Adriaen Block has a middle school in Flushing, Queens (NYC) named after him.


See also

During the 17th century, Dutch traders established trade posts and plantations throughout the Americas; actual colonization, with Dutch settling in the new lands was not as common as with settlements of other European nations. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Block Island - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (632 words)
Block Island is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, a fragment of glacial terminal moraine approximately ten miles off the coast of Rhode Island, of which it is part, and from which it is separated by Block Island Sound.
In 1524, it was sighted by Giovanni da Verrazano, and in 1614, it was charted by the Dutch explorer Adriaen Block, after whom it is named.
A historic lighthouse on the northern tip of the island was built in 1872, and a modern lighthouse, Block Island Southeast Light, is on the southeast side of the island.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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