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Encyclopedia > Adolphe Sax
Life-size statue of Adolphe Sax outside his birthplace in Dinant, Belgium.
Life-size statue of Adolphe Sax outside his birthplace in Dinant, Belgium.

Antoine-Joseph (known as Adolphe) Sax (November 6, 1814February 4, 1894) was a Belgian musical instrument designer, best known for inventing the saxophone. Download high resolution version (690x800, 195 KB)Life-size statue of Adolphe Sax outside his birthplace in Dinant, Belgium. ... Download high resolution version (690x800, 195 KB)Life-size statue of Adolphe Sax outside his birthplace in Dinant, Belgium. ... The tower of Notre-Dame, seen from the citadel Dinant is a municipality located on the River Meuse in the Belgian province of Namur, Wallonia. ... November 6 is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 55 days remaining. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... February 4 is the 35th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... A musical instrument is a device constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ...


Adolphe Sax was born in Dinant in Wallonia, Belgium. His father, Charles-Joseph Sax, was an instrument designer himself, who made several changes to the design of the horn. Adolphe began to make his own instruments at an early age, entering two of his flutes and a clarinet into a competition at the age of fifteen. He subsequently studied those two instruments at the Royal School of Singing in Brussels. The tower of Notre-Dame, seen from the citadel Dinant is a municipality located on the River Meuse in the Belgian province of Namur, Wallonia. ... Wallonia (French: Wallonie, German: Wallonien, Walloon: Walonreye, Dutch: Wallonië) or the Walloon Region (French: Région Wallonne, Dutch: Waals Gewest) is the predominantly French-speaking region that constitutes one of the three federal regions of Belgium, with its capital at Namur. ... Charles-Joseph Sax (1 February 1791-1 February 1864) was a Belgian musical instrument maker, and father of Antoine-Joseph Sax, inventor of the saxophone, the saxhorn, and the saxotromba. ... The horn is a brass instrument that consists of tubing wrapped into a coiled form. ... The Flute is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... Two soprano clarinets: a Bb clarinet (left) and an A clarinet (right, with no mouthpiece). ... Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Brussels City Hall Emblem of the Brussels-Capital Region Flag of The City of Brussels Brussels (Dutch: Brussel, pronounced ; French: Bruxelles, pronounced in Belgian French and often by non-Belgian speakers of French; German: Brüssel) is the capital of Belgium, the...


Having left the school, Sax began to experiment with new instrument designs, while his father continued to produce conventional instruments to bring money into the household. Adolphe's first important invention was an improvement of the bass clarinet design which he patented at the age of 20. The bass clarinet is a musical instrument of the clarinet family. ...


In 1841, Sax relocated permanently to Paris and began work on a new set of instruments which were exhibited there in 1844. They were valved bugles, and although he had not invented the instrument itself, his examples were so superior to those of his rivals that they became known as saxhorns. They range in approximately 7 different sizes, looking somewhat similar to the euphonium and also paved the path to the creation of the flugelhorn. Today, they are widely used in concert bands and sometimes in orchestras. The saxhorn also laid the groundwork for the modern euphonium. He also developed the saxtromba in 1845, though this survived only briefly. 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Eiffel Tower, the international symbol of the city For other uses, see Paris (disambiguation). ... 1844 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Military bugle in Bb The bugle is one of the simplest brass instruments; it is essentially a small natural horn with no valves. ... The saxhorn is a valved brass instrument with a tapered bore and deep cup-shaped mouthpiece. ... A wind band, also called concert band, symphonic band, symphonic winds, wind orchestra, wind symphony, or wind ensemble, is a performing ensemble consisting of several members of the woodwind instrument family, brass instrument family and percussion instrument family. ... The Boston Pops orchestra performing on the Charles River Esplanade in Boston, Massachusetts. ... 4-valved euphonium The euphonium is a conical-bore, tenor-voiced brass instrument. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


The spread of saxhorn instruments throughout the world was ferocious. The superior saxhorn valves were accepted as state of the art and still largely unchanged today. The advances made by Adolphe Sax no doubt leading to the formation of the famous British Brass Band movement who exclusively adopted the saxhorn range. An example of which are the Jedforest Instrumental Band who formed in 1854 within the Scottish Borders only a decade after Saxhorn models became available. The Lochgelly Band, a Scottish colliery band, circa 1890 A brass band is a musical group consisting mostly of brass instruments, often with a percussion section. ... Jedforest Instrumental Band is based in the Scottish Borders town of Jedburgh. ...


The 1840s also saw Sax inventing the instrument for which he is now best known, the saxophone, though his new invention was actually patented in 1838. The saxophone was invented for use in both orchestras and concert bands. The composer Hector Berlioz wrote approvingly of the new instrument in 1842, but the instrument was not patented until 1846, after Sax had designed and exhibited a full range of saxophones (from soprano to bass). Although they never became standard orchestral instruments, the saxophones made his reputation, and secured him a job teaching at the Paris Conservatoire from 1867. Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Portrait of Berlioz by Signol, 1832 Louis Hector Berlioz (December 11, 1803 – March 8, 1869) was a French Romantic composer best known for the Symphonie fantastique, first performed in 1830, and for his Grande Messe des morts Requiem of 1837, with its tremendous resources that include four antiphonal brass choirs. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Conservatoire de Paris, or Paris Conservatoire, has been central to the evolution of music in France and Western Europe. ... 1867 (MDCCCLXVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Sax continued to make instruments later in life, as well as presiding over a new saxophone class at the Paris Conservatoire. However, rival instrument-makers attacked the legitimacy of his patents and mounted a lengthy campaign of litigation against Sax and his company, driving him into bankruptcy twice (in 1856 and 1873). The prolonged legal struggle may also have undermined his own health; he suffered from lip cancer between 1853 and 1858 but made a full recovery. 1856 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1858 (MDCCCLVIII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


He died in 1894 in Paris and was interred in the Cimetière de Montmartre. 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Cimetière de Montmartre is a famous cemetery located at 37 Avenue Samson, in the 18th arrondissement of Paris, France. ...


See Also

 You can also see a quartet of Sax Saxophones (Circa 1850) at: http://www.usd.edu/smm/cutler6.html 

Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... The saxhorn is a valved brass instrument with a tapered bore and deep cup-shaped mouthpiece. ... A Wagner tuba. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Adolphe Sax - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (621 words)
Adolphe Sax was born in Dinant in Wallonia, Belgium.
Adolphe began to make his own instruments at an early age, entering two of his flutes and a clarinet into a competition at the age of fifteen.
Adolphe's first important invention was an improvement of the bass clarinet design which he patented at the age of 20.
Saxophone - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (4724 words)
The saxophone or sax is a conical-bored instrument of the woodwind family, usually made of brass and played with a single-reed mouthpiece like the clarinet.
Sax's intent, which was plainly stated in his writings, was to invent an entirely new instrument which could provide bands and orchestras with a bass to the woodwind and brass sections, capable of more refined performance than the ophicleide, but with enough power to be used out-of-doors.
Sax himself had mastered these techniques; he demonstrated the instrument as having a range of over three octaves up to a high B natural.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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