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Encyclopedia > Adolph Green

Adolph Green (December 2, 1914October 23, 2002) was an American lyricist and playwright who, with long-time collaborator Betty Comden, penned the screenplays and songs for some of the most beloved movie musicals, particularly as part of Arthur Freed's production unit at MGM, during the genre's heyday. Although many people thought they were, the pair were not married, but they shared a unique comic genius and sophisticated wit that enabled them to forge a six-decades-long partnership that produced some of Hollywood and Broadway's greatest hits. December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... October 23 is the 296th day of the year (297th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Template:Unsourced A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is someone who writes dramatic literature or drama. ... Comden and Green was the writing duo of Betty Comden and Adolph Green. ... A screenplay or script is a blueprint for producing a motion picture. ... MGM redirects here. ... ... Broadway theatre[1] is often considered the highest professional form of theatre in the United States. ...

Betty Comden, Adolph Green, and Judy Holliday during rehearsals for their hit Broadway musical, Bells Are Ringing

Green was born in the Bronx to Hungarian-Jewish immigrants Daniel and Helen Weiss Green. After high school, he worked as a runner on Wall Street while he tried to make it as an actor. He met Comden through mutual friends in 1938 while she was studying drama at New York University. They formed a troupe called the Revuers, which performed at the Village Vanguard, a club in Greenwich Village. Among the members of the company was a young comedian named Judy Tuvin, who later changed her name to Judy Holliday, and Green's good friend, a young musician named Leonard Bernstein, frequently accompanied them on the piano. The act's success earned them a movie offer and the Revuers traveled west in hopes of finding fame in Greenwich Village, a 1944 movie starring Carmen Miranda and Don Ameche, but their roles were so small they barely were noticed, and they quickly returned to New York. Image File history File links Comden&Green. ... Image File history File links Comden&Green. ... Bells Are Ringing was a romantic comedy film was released in 1960 and was directed by Vincente Minnelli. ... Nickname: Big Apple, Gotham, NYC Location in the state of New York Coordinates: Country United States State New York Boroughs The Bronx Brooklyn Manhattan Queens Staten Island Settled 1613  - Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Area    - City 1,214. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Elaborate marble facade of NYSE as seen from Broad and Wall Streets For other uses, see Wall Street (disambiguation). ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... New York University (NYU) is a major research university in New York City. ... The Village Vanguard is a famous jazz club, located at 178 Seventh Avenue (just below W 11th St. ... The Washington Square Arch Greenwich Village (pronounced Grennich Village; also called simply the Village) is a largely residential area on the west side of downtown (southern) Manhattan in New York City. ... Judy Holliday (June 21, 1921 – June 7, 1965) was an American actress. ... Leonard Bernstein in 1971 Leonard Bernstein (pronounced Bern-styne)[1] (August 25, 1918 – October 14, 1990) was an American composer, pianist and conductor. ... // July 20 - Since You Went Away is released. ... Carmen Miranda (February 9, 1909 – August 5, 1955); birth name Maria do Carmo Miranda da Cunha, GCIH) was a Portuguese-Brazilian samba singer and motion picture star most active in the 1940s. ... Dominic Felix Ameche (May 31, 1908 – December 6, 1993) was an American actor. ...

Their first Broadway effort joined them with Bernstein for On the Town, a musical romp about three sailors on leave in New York City that was an expansion of a ballet entitled Fancy Free on which Bernstein had been working with choreographer Jerome Robbins. Comden and Green wrote the lyrics and book, which included sizeable parts for themselves. Their next two musicals, Billion Dollar Baby (1945) and Bonanza Bound (1947) were not successful, and once again they headed to California, where they immediately found work atet MGM. On the Town is a musical that opened on Broadway at the Adelphi Theatre on December 28, 1944, with music by Leonard Bernstein, book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, direction by George Abbott, and choreography by Jerome Robbins. ... Act 4 of Swan Lake: choreography by Petipa and Nureyev, music by Tchaikovsky. ... Choreography (also known as dance composition) is the art of making structures in which movement occurs, the term composition may also refer to the navigation or connection of these movement structures. ... Jerome Robbins in Three virgins and a devil. ...

They wrote the screenplay for Good News, starring June Allyson and Peter Lawford, The Barkleys of Broadway for Ginger Rogers and Fred Astaire, and then adapted On the Town for Frank Sinatra and Gene Kelly, scrapping Bernstein's music at the request of Arthur Freed, who did not care for the Bernstein score. Good News is the original meaning of the word gospel in both English and Greek. ... June Allyson June Allyson (born October 7, 1917) is an American actress, popular in the 1940s and 1950s. ... The Rat Pack. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Ginger Rogers (July 16, 1911 – April 25, 1995) was an Academy Award-winning American film and stage actress, singer and dancer. ... Fred Astaire (May 10, 1899 – June 22, 1987), born Frederick Austerlitz in Omaha, Nebraska, was an American film and Broadway stage dancer, choreographer, singer and actor. ... Francis Albert Sinatra (December 12, 1915 – May 14, 1998) was an American singer and Academy Award-winning actor, often cited as the finest male American popular song vocalist of the 20th century. ... Eugene Curran Kelly (August 23, 1912 – February 2, 1996), better known as Gene Kelly, was born and raised in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Arthur Freed (September 9, 1894 - April 12, 1973) was born Arthur Grossman in Down Ton Ton Village. ...

On the cover of Blossom Dearie's tribute LP

They reunited with Kelly for their most successful project, the classic Singin' in the Rain, about Hollywood in the final days of the silent film era. Considered by many film historians to be the best movie musical of all time, it ranked #10 on the list of the 100 Best American Movies of the 20th Century, compiled by the American Film Institute in 1998. They followed this with another hit, The Band Wagon, in which the characters of Lester and Lily, a husband-and-wife team that writes the screenplay for the show-within-a-show, were patterned after themselves. They were Oscar-nominated twice, for their screenplays for The Band Wagon and It's Always Fair Weather, both of which earned them a Screen Writers Guild Award, as did On the Town. Image File history File links Comden&Green2. ... Singin in the Rain is a 1952 musical film starring Gene Kelly, Donald OConnor, and Debbie Reynolds and directed by Kelly and Stanley Donen, with Kelly also handling the choreography. ... The American Film Institute (AFI) is an independent non-profit organization created by the National Endowment for the Arts, which was established in 1967 when President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... The Band Wagon is a musical comedy film, released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer in 1953, which tells the story of an aging musical star who wants to star in a Broadway play that will restart his career. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... Its Always Fair Weather is a 1955 MGM film scripted by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, who also wrote the shows lyrics, scored by Andre Previn and starring Gene Kelly, Dan Dailey, Cyd Charisse, Michael Kidd, and Dolores Gray. ... The Writers Guild of America (WGA) is the collective bargaining representative, or labor union, for writers in the motion picture and television industries in the United States. ...

Their stage work during the next few years included the revue Two on the Aisle, starring Bert Lahr and Dolores Gray, Wonderful Town, an adaptation of the comedy hit My Sister Eileen, with Rosalind Russell and Edie Adams as two sisters from Ohio trying to make it in the Big Apple, and Bells Are Ringing, which reunited them with Judy Holliday as an operator at a telephone answering service. The score, including the standards "Just in Time," "Long Before I Knew You," and "The Party’s Over," proved to be one of their richest. Bert Lahr as the Cowardly Lion. ... Dolores Gray (born 7th June 1924, Chicago) was a well-known Broadway star in the 1940s-1950s. ... Logo for the 2003 Broadway revival of Wonderful Town Wonderful Town is a musical with lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and music by Leonard Bernstein. ... My Sister Eileen is the name of several works based on short stories by Ruth McKenney about her adventures in Greenwich Village with her sister, Eileen McKenney. ... Rosalind Russell (June 4, 1907 - November 28, 1976) was a four-time Academy Award nominated and Tony Award winning American film, stage actress. ... Edie Adams (born Elizabeth Edith Enke) is an American singer and light comedienne who was born on April 16, 1927, in Kingston, Pennsylvania. ... The Big Apple is a nickname or alternate toponym for New York City never used by New Yorkers. ... Bells Are Ringing is a stage musical first mounted in 1956. ...

In 1958, they appeared on Broadway in A Party with Betty Comden and Adolph Green, a revue that included some of their early sketches. It was a critical and commercial success, and they brought an updated version back to Broadway in 1977. Year 1958 (MCMLVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...

Among their other credits are the Mary Martin version of Peter Pan for both Broadway and television, a streamlined Die Fledermaus for the Metropolitan Opera, and stage musicals for Carol Burnett, Leslie Uggams, and Lauren Bacall, among others. Their many collaborators included Garson Kanin, Cy Coleman, Jule Styne, and André Previn. Mary Martin photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1949 Mary Virginia Martin (December 1, 1913 – November 3, 1990) born in Weatherford, Texas was a Tony Award winning American star of (mainly stage) musicals. ... For other uses, see Peter Pan (disambiguation). ... Scene from the 1984 version. ... The Metropolitan Opera House at Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, seen from Lincoln Center Plaza A full house at the old Metropolitan Opera House, seen from the rear of the stage, at the Metropolitan Opera House for a concert by pianist Józef Hofmann, November 28, 1937. ... Carol Creighton Burnett (born April 26, 1933) is one of the most successful female comedians on American television, thanks largely to her eponymous variety show, The Carol Burnett Show, that ran on CBS from 1967 through 1978. ... Leslie Uggams (born May 25, 1943 in New York City) is an African American actress and singer, best known for her Tony Award-winning work in Hallelujah, Baby! Uggams first started in show business in 1950, playing the niece of Ethel Waters on the television series Beulah. ... Lauren Bacall (born Betty Joan Perske on September 16, 1924) is an American film and stage actress. ... Garson Kanin (November 24, 1912 – March 13, 1999) was an American writer and director of plays and films. ... Cy Coleman (June 14, 1929 - November 18, 2004) was an American composer, songwriter, and jazz pianist. ... Jule Styne (December 31, 1905 – September 20, 1994) was a British born American songwriter. ... André Previn (born April 6, 1929)¹ is a prominent pianist, orchestral conductor, and composer. ...

The team was not without its failures. In 1982, A Doll's Life, a misguided attempt to figure out what Nora did after she abandoned her husband in Henrik Ibsen's A Doll's House, ran for only five performances, although they received Tony Award nominations for its book and score. 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Original cast recording A Dolls Life is a Broadway musical with a book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and music by Larry Grossman. ... Photo of Henrik Ibsen in his older days Henrik Johan Ibsen (March 20, 1828 – May 23, 1906) was a major Norwegian playwright who was largely responsible for the rise of the modern realistic drama. ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: A Dolls House A Dolls House (original Norwegian title: Et dukkehjem) is an 1879 play by Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ...

Comden and Green received Kennedy Center Honors in 1991. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...

Green's third wife was actress Phyllis Newman, who had understudied Holliday in Bells Are Ringing. They had two children, Adam and Amanda. Phyllis Newman (born March 19, 1933 in Jersey City, New Jersey) is an actress and singer who was a frequent panelist on game shows such as Whats My Line? and Match Game. ...

His Broadway memorial, with such luminaries as Lauren Bacall, Kevin Kline, Joel Grey, Kristin Chenoweth, Arthur Laurents, Peter Stone, and, of course, Betty Comden in attendance was held at the Shubert Theater on December 4, 2002. Lauren Bacall (born Betty Joan Perske on September 16, 1924) is an American film and stage actress. ... Kevin Delaney Kline (born October 24, 1947) is an Academy Award- and Tony Award-winning American stage and film actor. ... Joel Grey (born 11 April 1932 as Joel Katz in Cleveland, Ohio, United States) is a Jewish-American stage and screen actor. ... Kristin Chenoweth (born Kristi Dawn Chenoweth on July 24, 1968) is a Tony Award-winning American stage and film actress and singer. ... Arthur Laurents (born July 14, 1918) is an American playwright, novelist, screenwriter, librettist and stage director. ... Peter Stone (February 27, 1930 -April 26, 2003) was a writer for theater, television and movies. ... Comden and Green was the writing duo of Betty Comden and Adolph Green. ... The Shubert Theatre, 2006. ... December 4th redirects here. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...


Notwithstanding the creative brilliance of "Singin' in the Rain," it should be noted, as has been pointed out by various theater and film historians, that the very subject matter and satiric view of Hollywood as it transitioned from silent to talking pictures was preceded (and some have argued) based on the George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart play, "Once in a Lifetime." That play was produced on Broadway in 1930, roughly fifteen years before "Singin'" and features the same character types as well as many similar plot devices seen in "Singin' in the Rain." Some of the similarities are very close indeeed: the inept sound recording technicians, the untalented film star whose inability to perform in a sound movie must be disguised and the generally dim view of Hollywood's ability to adapt to the new technology, were first presented by Kaufman and Hart in their earlier Broadway hit. It should also be noted that while Comden and Green were stellar lyricists, all the slongs featured in "Singin' in the Rain" had been written much earlier, many as early as the 1920s. Music and lyrics for the song "Singin' in the Rain" itself were by Arthur Freed and Nacio Herb Brown; "Make 'em Laugh," considered an original song, was a near-plagiarism of a Cole Porter song (see relevant Wikipedia entry); "Good Morning" had been featured in the earlier film, "Babes in Toyland," and so on. While Comden and Green's achievement on "Singin' in the Rain" was considerable, the creators of much of the raw creative ideas and material (some of far lesser renown67.163.22.112 21:30, 9 February 2007 (UTC)) deserve proper credit and our true appreciation.


Additional Broadway credits

Will Rogers Follies is a musical about the famed humorist, Will Rogers. ... Singin in the Rain was a 1985 musical play adapted from the 1952 movie of the same name. ... On the Twentieth Century, was a Broadway musical with book and lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, and music by Cy Coleman, directed by Hal Prince. ... The Rock of Lorelei by the Rhine Lorelei Lorelei Loreley sign on the bank of the Rhine View of the Rhine as seen by Lorelei The Lorelei (originally written as Loreley) is a rock on the eastern bank of the Rhine near St. ... Applause is a musical of 1970, with music by Charles Strouse, lyrics by Lee Adams, and book by Betty Comden and Adolph Green. ... Hallelujah, Baby! is a musical with music by Jule Styne and lyrics by Adolph Green and Betty Comdenwith a book by Arthur Laurents. ... Do Re Mi is a theater musical with music by Jule Styne, lyrics by Betty Comden and Adolph Green and book by Garson Kanin. ...

Theatre awards and nominations

  • 1991 Tony Award for Best Original Score (The Will Rogers Follies, winner)
  • 1986 Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical (Singin' in the Rain, nominee)
  • 1983 Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical (A Doll's Life, nominee)
  • 1983 Tony Award for Best Original Score (A Doll's Life, nominee)
  • 1978 Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical (On the Twentieth Century, winner)
  • 1978 Tony Award for Best Original Score (On the Twentieth Century, winner)
  • 1970 Tony Award for Best Musical (Applause, winner)
  • 1968 Tony Award for Best Composer and Lyricist (Hallelujah, Baby!, winner)
  • 1968 Tony Award for Best Musical (Hallelujah, Baby!, winner)
  • 1961 Tony Award for Best Musical (Do Re Mi, nominee)
  • 1957 Tony Award for Best Musical (Bells Are Ringing, nominee)
  • 1953 Tony Award for Best Musical (Wonderful Town, winner)

External links

  • Adolph Green at IBDb
  • Adolph Green at IMDb


Off Stage, a memoir by Betty Comden published in 1995

External links

  • Adolph Green, Playwright and Lyricist Who Teamed With Comden, Dies at 87, The New York Times, October 25, 2002
  • A Broadway Memorial? That's Entertainment, The New York Times, December 4, 2002

  Results from FactBites:
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Adolph Green (3071 words)
Green was born in the Bronx to Hungarian-Jewish immigrants Daniel and Helen Weiss Green.
Green was born in the Bronx to Hungarian Jewish immigrants Daniel and Helen Weiss Green.
Adolph Green, the playwright, performer and lyricist and who, in a six-decade collaboration with Betty Comden, co-authored such Broadway hits as "On the Town," "Wonderful Town", and "On the 20th Century" and screenplays for "Singin' in the Rain" and "The Band Wagon" died on October 24 at the age of 87.
Great Performances . Artists . Adolph Green | PBS (442 words)
Green, the son of Daniel and Helen Weiss Green, became a runner on Wall Street after graduating from high school.
Green married Elizabeth Reitell on June 20, 1941.
By that time the group had split up, and Comden and Green had their own nightclub act back in N.Y. They gave it up when they were approached by Bernstein, who was expanding his ballet, "Fancy Free," into a Broadway musical.
  More results at FactBites »



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