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Encyclopedia > Adolf Joffe

Adolf Abramovich Joffe (Адольф Абрамович Йоффе) (October 10, 1883November 16, 1927) was a Russian revolutionary and an associate of Leon Trotsky. He was of Jewish origin. October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in Leap years). ... 1883 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... November 16 is the 320th day of the year (321st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 45 days remaining. ... 1927 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1915 passport photo of Trotsky Leon Davidovich Trotsky (Russian: Лев Давидович Троцкий; also transliterated Leo, Lev, Trotskii, Trotski, Trotskij and Trotzky ) (October 26 (O.S.) = November 7 (N.S.), 1879 – August 21, 1940), born Lev Davidovich Bronstein (Лев Давидович Бронштейн), was a Bolshevik revolutionary and Marxist intellectual. ... The word Jew (Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ...


He became involved in revolutionary activities at an early age. He was forced into exile first in Germany and then in Austria. He edited Pravda with Trotsky in Vienna from about 1906 to 1912. In 1912 he was arrested while visiting Russia and imprisoned and exiled to Siberia. The front page of an issue of Pravda published during the attempted coup of August 1991. ... View of Vienna This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. ... 1906 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... 1912 is a leap year starting on Monday. ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir, Sibir; possibly from the Mongolian for the calm land) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ...


In 1917 he escaped from Siberia and took part in the Bolshevik revolution. He was part of a delegation led by Trotsky to negotiate the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk by which Russia withdrew from World War I. 1917 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a peace treaty signed on March 3, 1918, at Brest, formerly Brest-Litovsk, between Russia and the Central Powers, marking Russias exit from World War I. The treaty was practically obsolete before the end of the year but is significant as a chief... World War I was a basically European conflict with many facets: immense human sacrifice, stalemate trench warfare, and the use of new, devastating weapons - tanks, aircraft, machineguns and poison gas. ...


He remained a loyal supporter of Leon Trotsky and committed suicide after Trotksy's fall from power.


External links

  • http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSjoffe.htm

  Results from FactBites:
 
Arbetarmakt - Adolf Joffes död och begravning (5227 words)
Joffes sista brev trycktes på svenska i Social-Demokraten 30 december 1927 (översatt ur den franska oppositionens tidning Bulletin Communiste), Arbetaren 31 december 1927 samt i Trotskijs bok Det verkliga läget i Ryssland (Stockholm 1929: Bonniers).
När vi gick in såg jag Adolf Abramovitjs lugna och oändligt ömma ansikte mot en blodbestänkt kudde.
Joffe kände till min inställning till honom; han var bunden till mig av ett djupt moraliskt förtroende och gav mig rätten att ta bort allt som jag fann ytligt eller olämpligt för publicering.
The David King Collection (1261 words)
Joffe was one of the pioneers of the Russian Revolution and the Soviet state.
Joffe was the initial chairman of the Russian delegation to the peace talks with Germany at Brest-Litovsk.
During the next few years Joffe served the Soviet Republic in the most responsible posts: during the Civil War he worked as the responsible Commissar in the Ukraine, in the Lithuanian-Belorussian republic, in Turkestan; then he was sent abroad as the plenipotentiary in Germany, Austria, Italy, Britain, China and Japan.
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