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Encyclopedia > Adobe Photoshop
Adobe Photoshop

Photoshop CS3 Extended running on Mac OS X
Developed by Adobe Systems
Latest release CS3 and CS3 Extended (10.0.1) / November 15, 2007 (2007-11-15), 133 days ago
Written in C++
OS Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows
Genre Raster graphics editor
License Proprietary [1]
Website adobe.com

Adobe Photoshop, or simply Photoshop, is a graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems. It is the current market leader for commercial bitmap and image manipulation, and is the flagship product of Adobe Systems. It has been described as "an industry standard for graphics professionals"[1] and was one of the early "killer applications" on Macintosh.[2] Photoshop may refer to: Modern Computer verbial slang for editing or creating photos (arose due to popularity of Adobe Photoshop) Adobe Photoshop, a graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems Photoshop, a song by Bis from their 1997 album The New Transistor Heroes Category: ... Image File history File links Photoshop_CS3. ... Mac OS X (pronounced ) is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... Code complete redirects here. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ... C++ (pronounced see plus plus, IPA: ) is a general-purpose programming language with high-level and low-level capabilities. ... An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... Mac OS X (pronounced ) is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... Windows redirects here. ... A screenshot from the KDE raster graphics editor KolourPaint A screenshot from the GIMP raster graphics editor A raster graphics editor is a computer program that allows users to paint and edit pictures interactively on the computer screen and save them in one of many popular bitmap or raster formats... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... In computer graphics, graphics software or image editing software is a program or collection of programs that enable a person to manipulate visual images on a computer. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... Market dominance is a measure of the strength of a brand, product, service, or firm, relative to competitive offerings. ... Imagine the smiley face in the top left corner as an RGB bitmap image. ... Look up image in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A killer application (commonly shortened to killer app), in the jargon of computer programmers and video gamers, has come to mean any program, particularly a minor one, that is ingeniously coded or unexpectedly useful. ... For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ...


The current (10th) iteration of the program, Photoshop CS3, was released on 16 April 2007. "CS" reflects its integration with other Creative Suite products, and the number "3" represents it as the third version released since Adobe re-branded its products under the CS umbrella. Photoshop CS3 features additions such as the ability to apply non-destructive filters, as well as new selection tools named Quick Selection and Refine Edge that make selection more streamlined. On April 30th, Adobe released Photoshop CS3 Extended, which includes all the same features of Adobe Photoshop CS3 with the addition of capabilities for scientific imaging, 3D, and high end film and video users. An internal version of Adobe Photoshop CS4, codename Stonehenge, had been leaked to peer-to-peer.[3] is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Adobe Creative Suite is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made by Adobe Systems. ...

Contents

Development

Early history

Photoshop 0.63 icons
Photoshop 0.63 icons

In 1987, Thomas Knoll, then a PhD student at the University of Michigan, began writing a program on his Macintosh Plus to display grayscale images on a monochrome display. This program, called Display, caught the attention of his brother John Knoll, an Industrial Light & Magic employee, who recommended Thomas turn it into a full-fledged image editing program. Thomas took a six month break from his studies in 1988 to collaborate with his brother on the program, which had been renamed ImagePro.[4] Later that year, Thomas renamed his program Photoshop and worked out a short-term deal with scanner manufacturer Barneyscan to distribute copies of the program with a slide scanner; a "total of about 200 copies of Photoshop were shipped" this way.[5] Image File history File links PS_ß_icons. ... Image File history File links PS_ß_icons. ... Adobe Photoshop is a bitmap graphics editor (with some text and vector graphics capabilities) published by Adobe Systems. ... PhD usually refers to the academic title Doctor of Philosophy PhD can also refer to the manga Phantasy Degree This is a disambiguation page — a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... The University of Michigan, Ann Arbor (U of M, UM, U-M or simply Michigan) is a coeducational public research university in the state of Michigan. ... The Macintosh Plus computer was the third model in the Macintosh line, introduced two years after the original Macintosh and a little more than a year after the Macintosh 512K. It originally had a beige case, but in 1987, the case color was changed to the long-lived platinum color. ... A typical grayscale image. ... A photograph of a sign in grayscale The same photograph in black and white Monochrome comes from the two Greek words mono (μωνο, meaning one), and chroma (χρωμα, meaning surface or the color of the skin). A monochromatic object has a single color. ... John Knoll is a motion picture visual effects specialist at Industrial Light and Magic (ILM). ... Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ...


During this time, John traveled to Silicon Valley and gave a demonstration of the program to engineers at Apple Computer Inc. and Russell Brown, art director at Adobe. Both showings were successful, and Adobe decided to purchase the license to distribute in September 1988.[4] While John worked on plug-ins in California, Thomas remained in Ann Arbor writing program code. Photoshop 1.0 was released in 1990 for Macintosh exclusively.[6] For the Nintendo 64 game, see Space Station Silicon Valley. ... Apple Inc. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... For other uses, see Plug in. ... Ann Arbor redirects here. ...


Releases

Further information: Adobe Photoshop release history
Photoshop CS in Windows

Continual revisions were made to the program, with new versions released in the following years. In November 1992, a Microsoft Windows port of version 2.0 of the software was released, and a year later it was ported to the SGI IRIX and Sun Solaris platforms. In September 1994, version 3.0 was released, which introduced layers and tabbed palettes. In February 2003, the program shipped with the Camera RAW 1.x plug-in, which allowed the user to import RAW formats from different digital cameras directly into Photoshop.[7] This table charts the Adobe Photoshop release history, starting with the first versions by independent creators Thomas and John Knoll in the summer of 1988. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x642, 86 KB)Example of MDI implementation in Photoshop File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (800x642, 86 KB)Example of MDI implementation in Photoshop File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Windows redirects here. ... Silicon Graphics, Inc. ... IRIX is a computer operating system developed by Silicon Graphics, Inc. ... Sun Microsystems, Inc. ... Solaris is a computer operating system developed by Sun Microsystems. ... Layers are used in digital image editing to separate different elements of an image. ... A raw image file contains minimally processed data from the image sensor of a digital camera or image scanner. ... Look up digital camera in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In October 2004, the program was renamed Adobe Photoshop CS. The name uses the abbreviation CS for products in Adobe Creative Suite. The logo focused around a feather, which was also used in 9.0.[8] The 10th version, Photoshop CS3 was released on April 16, 2007, with an icon modelled after periodic table elements, matching the new icons of other Creative Suite products. Adobe Creative Suite is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made by Adobe Systems. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... The Periodic Table redirects here. ... The periodic table of the chemical elements A chemical element, or element, is a type of atom that is defined by its atomic number; that is, by the number of protons in its nucleus. ...


In January 2008, the Wine project announced official support for Photoshop CS2, allowing the Windows version of Photoshop CS2 to be used on Linux and other Unix platforms. Wine is a software application which aims to allow Unix-like computer operating systems on the x86 architecture to execute programs that were originally written for Microsoft Windows. ...


Photoshop is written in the C++ programming language.[9] C++ (pronounced see plus plus, IPA: ) is a general-purpose programming language with high-level and low-level capabilities. ... A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ...


Features

Photoshop How-To Videos

Further information: Comparison of raster graphics editors#Features

Photoshop has strong ties with other Adobe software for media editing, animation, and authoring. Files in Photoshop's native format, .PSD, can be exported to and from Adobe ImageReady, Adobe Illustrator, Adobe Premiere Pro, After Effects, and Adobe Encore DVD to make professional standard DVDs and provide non-linear editing and special effects services, such as backgrounds, textures, and so on, for television, film, and the Web. For example, Photoshop CS broadly supports making menus and buttons for DVDs. For .PSD files exported as a menu or button, it only needs to have layers, nested in layer sets with a cuing format, and Adobe Encore DVD reads them as buttons or menus. // The following is a list of raster graphics editors. ... Adobe ImageReady was a Bitmap graphics editor shipped with Adobe Photoshop by Adobe Systems. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Adobe Premiere Pro, formerly known as Adobe Premiere, is a real-time, timeline based video editing software application. ... Adobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software published by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Encore DVD, produced by Adobe Systems is a DVD authoring software targeted at semi-professional video producers. ... DVD is an optical disc storage media format that is used for playback of movies with high video and sound quality and for storing data. ...


Photoshop can utilize the color models RGB, lab, CMYK, grayscale, binary bitmap, and duotone. Photoshop has the ability to read and write raster and vector image formats such as: .EPS, .PNG, .GIF, .JPEG, Fireworks, etc. It also has several native file formats: RGB redirects here. ... CIE L*a*b* (CIELAB) is the most complete color model used conventionally to describe all the colors visible to the human eye. ... Cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black). ... A typical grayscale image. ... This article is about the storage organization of raster images. ... Duotone is a form of printing halftones with two colors of ink, one usually black. ... Imagine the smiley face in the top left corner as an RGB bitmap image. ... Example showing effect of vector graphics versus raster graphics. ... Encapsulated PostScript, or EPS, is a graphics file format. ...

  • The .PSD (Photoshop Document) format stores an image with support for most imaging options available in Photoshop. These include layers with masks, color spaces, ICC profiles, transparency, text, alpha channels and spot colors, Clipping paths, and duotone settings. This is in contrast to many other file formats (e.g. .EPS or .GIF) that restrict content to provide streamlined, predictable functionality. Photoshop's popularity means that the .PSD format is widely used, and it is supported to some extent by most competing software.
  • The .PSB (Large Document Format) format is a newer version of .PSD designed for files over 2 gigabytes.
  • The .PDD (PhotoDeluxe Document) format is a version of .PSD that only supports the features found in the discontinued PhotoDeluxe software.

A color model is an abstract mathematical model describing the way colors can be represented as tuples of numbers, typically as three or four values or color components (e. ... ICC (International Color Consortium) Profiles describe the color attributes of a particular device or viewing requirement by defining a mapping between the source or target color space and a profile connection space (PCS). ... Printing technicians around the world use the term spot color to mean any color generated by a non-process color ink; such as metallic, fluorescent, spot varnish, or custom hand-mixed inks. ... // In computer graphics, a clipping path is a closed vector path, or shape, used to cut out an image in current image manipulation software. ... This article is about the unit of measurement. ... PhotoDeluxe was Adobe Systems image editing program until July 8, 2002 when it was discontinued in favor of Photoshop and Photoshop Elements. ...

CS3

Smart Layers display the filter without altering the original image
Smart Layers display the filter without altering the original image

Photoshop CS3 is marketed with three main components of improvement over previous versions: "Work more productively, Edit with unrivaled power, and composite with breakthrough tools."[10] New features propagating productivity include streamlined interface, improved Camera Raw, better control over print options, enhanced PDF support, and better management with Adobe Bridge. Editing tools new to CS3 are the Clone Source palette and nondestructive Smart Filters, and other features such as the Brightness/Contrast adjustment and Vanishing Point module were enhanced. The Black and White adjustment option improves users control over manual grayscale conversions with a dialog box similar to that of Channel Mixer. Compositing is assisted with Photoshop's new Quick Selection and Refine Edge tools and improved image stitching technology.[10] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... In visual effects post-production, compositing refers to creating new images or moving images by combining images from different sources – such as real-world digital video, film, synthetic 3-D imagery, 2-D animations, painted backdrops, digital still photographs, and text. ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... Adobe Bridge is an organizational program created and released by Adobe Systems as a part of the Adobe Creative Suite 2 (CS2) in May, 2005. ... Image stitching or photo stitching is the process of combining multiple images to produce a panorama or larger image. ...


CS3 Extended contains all features of CS3 plus tools for editing and importing some 3D graphics file formats, enhancing video, and comprehensive image analysis tools, utilizing MATLAB integration and DICOM file support.[11] This is a list of file formats organized by type, as can be found on computers. ... Not to be confused with Matlab Upazila in Chandpur District, Bangladesh. ... Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) is a standard for handling, storing, printing, and transmitting information in medical imaging. ...


The logo is composed of white letters "Ps" on a gradient blue square.


Internationalization and localization

Internationalization redirects here. ...

Language Availability

Adobe Photoshop CS3 is available in the following languages: Arabic (Middle Eastern version), Chinese Simplified, Chinese Traditional, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hebrew (Middle Eastern version), Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Spanish, Swedish, Turkish, Ukrainian.


Adobe Photoshop Middle Eastern language versions available from WinSoft.[12].


Specific Features for Arabic and Hebrew languages

The Middle Eastern/Hebrew and the Middle Eastern/Arabic versions are specifically developed for Arabic and Hebrew languages.


Text Settings

Photoshop Middle Eastern versions come with special settings for typing and laying out Arabic or Hebrew text, such as:

  • Possibility to use Arabic, Farsi or Hindi digits
  • Use kashidas for letter spacing and full justification
  • Set vowels /diacritics positioning
  • Ligature option
  • Justify text in three possible ways to get the results you want (Standard, Arabic, Naskh)

Additional Fonts

Photoshop Middle Eastern versions support most fonts shipped with the OS as well as a large number of third party fonts widely used by graphic designers in the Middle Eastern regions.
Photoshop Middle Eastern versions install one additional font that facilitates your work in Middle Eastern languages: WinSoft Pro, which is available in four styles: Medium, Medium Italic, Bold and Bold Italic.


Bi-directional Text flow

In Photoshop Middle Eastern versions, the notion of right-to-left behaviour applies to several objects: Paragraph and Character. You can easily mix Right-to-Left and Left-to-Right Words and Paragraphs in a document.


Dictionary and Hyphenation Module

Photoshop Middle Eastern versions come with a comprehensive dictionary for Arabic allowing you to spell check Arabic text with a choice of rules, like Strict Aleef Hamza, Strict Final Yaa, both or none.
Photoshop Middle Eastern version comes with a Dictionary and Hyphenation Module for Hebrew.


Find / Replace

You can search for and change specific occurrences of Middle Eastern text. Photoshop Middle Eastern versions include a "Ignore Accent" option. When checked, the user can search for a string of text whether it contains some accents or not.


Save for Web

Special encodings have been added to allow this option to work with Middle Eastern languages.


Contact Sheet II / Picture Gallery / Smart Quotes

These options have been adapted to work correctly with Middle Eastern languages.


Plugins

Main article: Photoshop plugin

Photoshop functionality can be extended by add-on programs called Photoshop plugins which act like mini-editors that modify the image. The most common type are filter plugins that provide various image effects. They are located in the 'Filter' menu: pre-installed plugins come first, and third-party plugins are placed below the separator. KPT Spheroid Designer 3. ...


Trademark

Look up photoshop in
Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Adobe discourages use of "Photoshop" as a verb, as in using photoshopping to refer to photo editing, to prevent its trademark from becoming a genericized trademark[13]. Nevertheless, photoshop is commonly used as a verb.[14] Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... Photo manipulation is the technique of modifying a photographic image by either analog or digital means. ... See also Image editing for the technical processes involved. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... A genericized trademark, generic trade mark, generic descriptor, or proprietary eponym, is a trademark or brand name which has become the colloquial or generic description for a particular class of product or service. ...


Consumer market

Photoshop Family of products logo
Photoshop Family of products logo

While Photoshop is the industry standard image editing program for professional raster graphics, its relatively high suggested retail price has led to a number of competing graphics tools being made available at lower prices for the amateur market. To compete in this market, and to counter unusually high rates of piracy of its high end products, the company introduced a consumer-oriented version of Photoshop as Adobe Photoshop Elements. A more user-friendly interface and new tools such as the "red-eye" reduction brush were aimed firmly at the more casual image editor, although many professional features were omitted. Removing CMYK functionality, for example, made Elements unsuitable for commercial prepress work.[15] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Imagine the smiley face in the top left corner as an RGB bitmap image. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Comparison of raster graphics editors. ... The copyright infringement of software (also known as software piracy) refers to several practices when done without the permission of the copyright holder: Creating a copy and/or selling it. ... Welcome Screen on Windows Adobe Photoshop Elements is the consumer version of the Adobe Photoshop raster image editing product, sold at a fraction (roughly 1/6th) of the cost of the professional product or bundled with related hardware such as scanners and digital cameras. ... Prepress. ...


See also

For the uses, cultural impact, and ethical concerns of image editing, see Photo manipulation. ... Original painting Leif Eriksson Discovers America by Christian Krohg was subject for the Norwegian championship online manipulation contest. ...

References

  1. ^ "Adobe in Photoshop freebie", CNN.com, 2007-03-01. Retrieved on 2007-04-27. 
  2. ^ Christopher Null (2007-04-02). The 50 Best Tech Products of All Time. PC World.
  3. ^ Mininova (2008-02-10). Adobe Photoshop CS3 Prerelease. Mininova.
  4. ^ a b Schewe, Jeff (2000). Thomas & John Knoll. PhotoshopNews. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  5. ^ Story, Derrick (2000-02-18). From Darkroom to Desktop—How Photoshop Came to Light. Story Photography. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  6. ^ Hormby, John (2007-06-05). How Adobe's Photoshop Was Born. Story Photography. Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  7. ^ Digital camera raw file support. Adobe official site (2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
  8. ^ Reiven (alias) (2007-01-25). Photoshop History. Web Design Library. Retrieved on 2007-06-16.
  9. ^ Bjarne Stroustrup (2007-05-25). C++ Applications. AT&T Labs Research. Retrieved on 2007-07-30.
  10. ^ a b Adobe Photoshop CS3 Product overview (PDF). Adobe official site (2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-17.
  11. ^ Adobe Photoshop CS3 Extended - Product overview (PDF). Adobe Official site (2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-17.
  12. ^ Adobe Photoshop - See what's possible, enhanced features for Central and East European and Middle Eastern Users
  13. ^ Permissions and trademark guidelines - Proper use of the Photoshop trademark. Adobe official site (2007). Retrieved on 2007-06-15.
  14. ^ David Blatner of MacWorld on professional photoshopping
  15. ^ creativepro.com - Photoshop Elements: Almost-Photoshop Image Editing at a Bargain Price

The Cable News Network, commonly known as CNN, is a major cable television network founded in 1980 by Ted Turner. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Bjarne Stroustrup Bjarne Stroustrup (IPA: ) (born December 30, 1950 in Aarhus, Denmark) is a computer scientist and the College of Engineering Chair Professor of Computer Science at Texas A&M University. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 211th day of the year (212th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 168th day of the year (169th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikiversity
At Wikiversity, you can learn about:
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiversity logo Wikiversity is a Wikimedia Foundation beta project[1], devoted to learning materials and activities, located at www. ... The Open Directory Project (ODP), also known as dmoz (from , its original domain name), is a multilingual open content directory of World Wide Web links owned by Netscape that is constructed and maintained by a community of volunteer editors. ... Adobe Creative Suite is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software published by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Contribute (formerly Macromedia Contribute), currently in its fourth version, is a software application for editing the content of a website. ... Dreamweaver redirects here. ... Adobe Encore (previously Adobe Encore DVD) is a DVD authoring software tool produced by Adobe Systems and targeted at semi-professional video producers. ... Adobe Flash, previously called Shockwave Flash and Macromedia Flash, is a set of multimedia technologies developed and distributed first by Adobe Systems and earlier by Macromedia. ... Adobe Fireworks, known as FW for short, is a bitmap and vector graphics editor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Adobe InCopy is a professional word processing software product made by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing (DTP) application produced by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Premiere Pro, formerly known as Adobe Premiere, is a real-time, timeline based video editing software application. ... Adobe Soundbooth is a digital audio editor by Adobe Systems for Mac OS X and Windows XP. Adobe has described it as being in the spirit of Sound Edit 16 and Cool Edit 2000. Due to Intel-specific code, Adobe has stated that the Macintosh version will only be available... Adobe Acrobat Connect, formerly Macromedia Breeze, is software used with Microsoft PowerPoint to create information and general presentations, online training materials, web conferencing, and learning modules. ... Adobe Bridge is an organizational program created and released by Adobe Systems as a part of the Adobe Creative Suite 2 (CS2) in May, 2005. ... Adobe Device Central is a software program created and released by Adobe Systems as a part of the Adobe Creative Suite 3 (CS3) in March 2007. ... Adobe OnLocation (formerly Serious Magic DV Rack) is a direct-to-disk recording and monitoring software. ... Adobe Ultra is a vector keying application, distributed as a component of the Adobe Creative Suite CS3. ... Adobe Version Cue CS2 is a computer program Adobe Systems supplies. ... Adobe Audition (formerly Cool Edit Pro) is a digital audio editor computer program from Adobe Systems featuring both a multitrack, non-destructive mix/edit environment and a destructive-approach waveform editing view. ... GoLive is a HTML editor from Adobe Systems. ... Adobe ImageReady was a Bitmap graphics editor shipped with Adobe Photoshop by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... Adobe Creative Suite is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Technical Communication Suite is a collection of applications made by Adobe Systems for technical communicators, help authors, instructional designers, and eLearning and training design professionals. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Audition (formerly Cool Edit Pro) is a digital audio editor computer program from Adobe Systems featuring both a multitrack, non-destructive mix/edit environment and a destructive-approach waveform editing view. ... Adobe Digital Editions is a Ebook reader from Adobe Systems built using Adobe Flash. ... GoLive is a HTML editor from Adobe Systems. ... PageMaker was the first desktop publishing program, introduced in 1985 by Aldus Corporation, initially for the Apple Macintosh but soon after also for the PC. It relies on Adobe Systems PostScript page description language. ... Adobe Photoshop Lightroom is a photography software program developed by Adobe Systems for Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows, designed to assist professional photographers in managing thousands of digital images and doing post production work. ... A list of Adobe Systems products. ... ColdFusion is an application server and software development framework used for the development of computer software in general, and dynamic web sites in particular. ... Adobe LiveCycle is a suite of mostly server-based software products from Adobe Systems Incorporated centred around its PDF (Portable Document Format) technology. ... Flash Media Server ( previously named Flash Communication Server ) is an enterprise-grade data and media server from Adobe Systems Inc. ... JRun is an Macromedias J2EE application server. ... Adobe Premiere Express is an digital video editing software tool for nonlinear video editing, published by Adobe Systems. ... For the literary term, see Postscript. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Macromedia FlashPaper 2 is a software application supplied by Macromedia. ... Macromedia Authorware (now part of Adobe Systems) is an interpreted, flowchart based, graphical programming language. ... Adobe Flash, previously called Shockwave Flash and Macromedia Flash, is a set of multimedia technologies developed and distributed first by Adobe Systems and earlier by Macromedia. ... Adobe Font Folio is a collection of over 2300 OpenType fonts. ... In digital photography, the Digital Negative (DNG) file format is an ostensibly royalty free raw image format designed by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Flex is a collection of technologies released by Adobe Systems for the development and deployment of cross platform, rich Internet applications based on the proprietary Adobe Flash platform. ... Adobe Solutions Network (ASN) is the official name of the end-user training, developer, and print service providers authorized by Adobe Systems, Inc. ... Chairman of the Board redirects here. ... Charles Geschke Charles M. Chuck Geschke (b. ... John Warnock (b. ... Bruce R. Chizen is the chief executive officer of Adobe Systems, based in San Jose, California. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

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Adobe Photoshop - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1503 words)
Photoshop's digital advantages have contributed greatly to the world of photography by enabling manipulations that were previously difficult or impossible, and by allowing non-destructive and easily reversible changes to images.
Photoshop was one of the first image processors that could prepare images for the World Wide Web, which effectively opened up the Internet as a new medium for graphic artists and photographers.
Adobe discourages use of the term [1] out of fear that it will undermine the company's trademark; an alternate term which leaves out the Photoshop reference is "photochop".
Adobe ImageReady - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (150 words)
Adobe ImageReady is a bitmap graphics editor shipped with Adobe Photoshop by Adobe Systems.
Adobe ImageReady 1.0 was released as a stand alone application.
ImageReady has been packaged side-by-side with Adobe Photoshop since version 2.0; thus, the version numbers are listed with the version of Photoshop that it is packaged with.
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