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Encyclopedia > Adobe Flash
Adobe Flash
Adobe Flash CS3 Professional

Adobe Flash CS3 under Mac OS X.
Developed by Adobe Systems
Latest release CS3 (9.0.2) / December 12, 2007 (2007-12-12); 170 days ago
Written in C++
OS Cross-platform[1]
Genre Multimedia
License Proprietary EULA
Website Adobe.com's Flash page

Adobe Flash (previously called Shockwave Flash and Macromedia Flash) is a set of multimedia technologies developed and distributed by Adobe Systems and earlier by Macromedia. Since its introduction in 1996, Flash technology has become a popular method for adding animation and interactivity to web pages; Flash is commonly used to create animation, advertisements, various web page components, to integrate video into web pages, and more recently, to develop rich Internet applications. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 500 pixelsFull resolution (1680 × 1050 pixel, file size: 184 KB, MIME type: image/png) A screenshot of Adobe Flash CS3 running on Mac OS X Tiger. ... Mac OS X (pronounced ) is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... For other uses, see Software developer (disambiguation). ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... Code complete redirects here. ... Adobe Creative Suite is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made by Adobe Systems. ... is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ... C++ (pronounced ) is a general-purpose programming language. ... An operating system (OS) is a software that manages computer resources and provides programmers with an interface used to access those resources. ... A cross-platform (or platform independent) programming language, software application or hardware device works on more than one system platform (e. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... Proprietary software is software with restrictions on copying and modifying as enforced by the proprietor. ... A software license is a type of proprietary or gratiuitious license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software — sometimes called an End User License Agreement (EULA) — that specifies the perimeters of the permission granted by the owner to the user. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Look up Multimedia in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... Macromedia was an American graphics and web development software house headquartered in San Francisco, California producing such products as Macromedia Flash. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the paid promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas by an identified sponsor. ... For the geographical term, see ria. ...


Flash can manipulate vector and raster graphics and supports bi-directional streaming of audio and video. It contains a scripting language called ActionScript. It is available in most common web browsers and some mobile phones and other electronic devices (using Flash Lite). Several software products, systems, and devices are able to create or display Flash, including the Adobe Flash Player. The Adobe Flash Professional multimedia authoring program is used to create content for the Adobe Engagement Platform, such as web applications, games and movies, and content for mobile phones and other embedded devices. Example showing effect of vector graphics versus raster graphics. ... Imagine the smiley face in the top left corner as an RGB bitmap image. ... Streaming may mean: Streaming media, multimedia data transferred in a stream of packets that are interpreted and rendered, in real time, by a software application as the packets arrive. ... A scripting language, script language or extension language, is a programming language that controls software application. ... ActionScript is a scripting language based on ECMAScript, used primarily for the development of websites and software using the Adobe Flash Player platform (in the form of SWF files embedded into Web pages). ... An example of a Web browser (Mozilla Firefox) A web browser is a software application that enables a user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on a Web page at a website on the World Wide Web or a local area network. ... Electronics is the study and use of electrical devices that operate by controlling the flow of electrons or other electrically charged particles in devices such as thermionic valves and semiconductors. ... The introduction to this article provides insufficient context for those unfamiliar with the subject matter. ... An information appliance (IA) is any device that can process information, signals, graphics, animation, video and audio; and can exchange such information with another IA device. ... The Adobe Flash Player is a widely distributed multimedia and application player created and distributed by Macromedia (a division of Adobe Systems). ... In 2006, Adobe Systems bought Macromedia. ...


Files in the SWF format, traditionally called "ShockWave Flash" movies, "Flash movies" or "Flash games", usually have a .swf file extension and may be an object of a web page, strictly "played" in a standalone Flash Player, or incorporated into a Projector, a self-executing Flash movie (with the .exe extension in Microsoft Windows). Flash Video (FLV) files have a .flv file extension and are used from within .swf files. This article is about the proprietary file format . ... A filename extension or filename suffix is an extra set of (usually) alphanumeric characters that is appended to the end of a filename to allow computer users (as well as various pieces of software on the computer system) to quickly determine the type of data stored in the file. ... Stand-alone is a confusing and misleading term, used to refer to various categories of computer programs, but rarely in a consistent fashion. ... Windows redirects here. ... Flash Video is the name of a file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player (formerly known as Macromedia Flash Player) version 6, 7, 8, or 9. ... This article is about the proprietary file format . ...

Contents

History

The program Flash was the brainchild of Jonathan Gay, who developed the idea in college and later while working for Silicon Beach Software and its successors.[2][3] Jonathan Gay was a co-founder of FutureWave Software in 1993. ... Silicon Beach Software was an influential early developer of products for the Macintosh computer. ...


In January 1993, Jonathan Gay, Charlie Jackson, and Michelle Welsh started a small software company called FutureWave Software and created their first product, SmartSketch. A drawing application, SmartSketch was designed to make creating computer graphics as simple as drawing on paper. At first, it didn't gain enough of a foothold in its market. As the Internet began to thrive, however, FutureWave began to realize the potential for a vector-based web animation tool that might easily challenge Macromedia's Shockwave technology. In 1995, FutureWave modified SmartSketch by adding frame-by-frame animation features and re-released it as FutureSplash Animator on Macintosh and PC. By that time, the company had added a second programmer Robert Tatsumi, artist Adam Grofcsik, and PR specialist Ralph Mittman. The product was offered to Adobe and used by Microsoft in its early work with the Internet (MSN). In December 1996, Macromedia acquired the vector-based animation software and later released it as Flash, contracting "Future" and "Splash" of the FutureWave name. 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ... Charlie Jackson is a computer software entrepreneur who founded Silicon Beach Software and co-founded FutureWave Software. ... FutureWave Software was a software developer and publisher based in San Diego, CA. The company was founded by Charlie Jackson and Jonathan Gay in early 1993. ... Look up vector in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Adobe Shockwave (formerly Macromedia Shockwave) was Macromedias first and most successful multimedia player prior to the introduction of Macromedia Flash (now Adobe Flash). ... FutureSplash Animator was a software product for creating vector-based animations. ... For other uses, see Macintosh (disambiguation) and Mac. ... A stylised illustration of a personal computer A personal computer (PC) is a computer whose original sales price, size, and capabilities make it useful for individuals, intended to be operated directly by an end user, with no intervening computer operator. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... For other uses, see MSN (disambiguation). ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...


Player

  • Macromedia Flash 2 (1997) Features: Support of stereo sound, enhanced bitmap integration, buttons, the Library, and the capability to tween color changes.
  • Macromedia Flash 3 (1998) Features: Brought improvements to animation, playback, and publishing, as well as the introduction of simple script commands for interactivity. As of 1998, Macromedia has shipped 100,000 Flash products.
  • Macromedia Flash 4 (1999) Features: Achieved 100 million installations of the Flash pooer, thanks in part to its inclusion with Microsoft Internet Explorer 5. Flash 4 saw the introduction of streaming MP3s and the Motion Tween. Initially, the Flash Player plug-in was not bundled with popular web browsers and users had to visit Macromedia website to download it; As of 2000, however, the Flash Player was already being distributed with all AOL, Netscape and Internet Explorer browsers. Two years later it shipped with all releases of Windows XP. The install-base of the Flash Player reached 92 percent of all Internet users.
  • Macromedia Flash 5 (2001) Features: Flash 5 was a major leap forward in capability, with the evolution of Flash's scripting capabilities as released as ActionScript. Flash 5 also saw the ability to customize the authoring environment's interface.
  • Macromedia Generator was the first initiative from Macromedia to separate design from content in Flash files. Generator 2.0 was released in April 2001 and featured real-time server-side generation of Flash content in its Enterprise Edition. Generator was discontinued in 2002 in favor of new technologies such as Flash Remoting, which allows for seamless transmission of data between the server and the client, and ColdFusion Server.
  • In October 2000, usability guru Jakob Nielsen wrote a polemic article regarding usability of Flash content entitled "Flash 99% Bad". (Macromedia later hired Nielsen to help them improve Flash usability.)
  • In September 2001, a survey made for Macromedia by Media Metrix showed that out of the 10 biggest websites in the United States, seven were making use of Flash content.[citation needed]
  • Macromedia Flash MX was released on March 15, 2002, with the new Macromedia Flash Player 6 with support for video, application components, shared libraries, and accessibility.
  • Macromedia Flash Communication Server MX, also released in 2002, allowed video to be streamed to Flash Player 6 (otherwise the video could be embedded into the Flash movie).
  • Macromedia Flash MX 2004 was released in September 2003, with features such as faster runtime performance up to eight times with the enhanced compiler and the new Macromedia Flash Player 7, ability to create charts, graphs and additional text effects with the new support for extensions (sold separately), high fidelity import of PDF and Adobe Illustrator 10 files, mobile and device development and a forms-based development environment. ActionScript 2.0 was also introduced, giving developers a formal Object-Oriented approach to ActionScript. V2 Components replaced Flash MX's components, being rewritten from the ground up to take advantage of ActionScript 2.0 and Object-Oriented principles. Flash MX 2004 was the first release of Flash to be segmented into "Basic" and "Professional" versions. The Basic version was targeted at traditional Flash animators while the Professional version brought more advanced capabilities that developers would use, for example the data components.
  • In 2004, the "Flash Platform" was introduced. This expanded Flash to more than the Flash authoring tool. Flex 1.0 and Breeze 1.0 were released, both of which utilized the Flash Player as a delivery method but relied on tools other than the Flash authoring program to create Flash applications and presentations. Flash Lite 1.1 was also released, enabling mobile phones to play Flash content.
  • Macromedia Flash 8 (2005) is touted by Macromedia as the most significant upgrade to Flash since Flash 5. New features included filter effects and blending modes, bitmap caching, a new video codec called On2 VP6, an enhanced type rendering engine called FlashType, an emulator for mobile devices, and several enhancements to the ActionScript 2.0 spec, such as the BitmapData class, several geometric classes, and the ConvolutionFilter and DisplacmentMapFilter classes.
  • Macromedia Flash Lite 2 was also released in 2005, which brought its capabilities in line with Flash Player 7.
  • On December 3, 2005, Adobe Systems acquired Macromedia and its product portfolio (including Flash).[4]
  • Adobe Flash Player 9 was released for Windows and Mac OS in 2006, which marked the first time a Flash Player major release occurred without a simultaneous Flash authoring program major release. Flex 2.0 was released in conjunction with Flash Player 9, and the player was continued when Flash Authoring 9 was released in 2007. For the first time in the history of Flash, the Flash Player had an opportunity to become widely installed before the release of the equivalent Flash program.
  • Adobe Flash Player 9 was released for Linux in January 2007.[5]
  • Adobe Flash 9 Public Alpha was released in 2006, and was a preview of ActionScript 3.0.
  • Adobe Flash CS3 in 2007, originated from Flash 9 Public Alpha with several updates for integrating into other Adobe products, is released as a bundled software of the Adobe Creative Suite 3. This currently-newest version also brings ActionScript 3.0 and a new XML engine to the Flash authoring tool. It also has an improved and optimized GUI like the rest of the CS3 suite.
  • Adobe Flash Player 10 beta was released on 15th May 2008 and notably introduces support for hardware GPU accelerated features like 3D graphics and programmable pixel shaders.[6]

Image File history File links Merge-arrow. ... The Adobe Flash Player is a widely distributed multimedia and application player created and distributed by Macromedia (a division of Adobe Systems). ... This article is about the storage organization of raster images. ... This animated GIF demonstrates the effects of Adobe Flash shape, motion and color tweening. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Internet Explorer, abbreviated IE or MSIE is a web browser from Microsoft currently sold as part of Microsoft Windows. ... Streaming media is media that is consumed (read, heard, viewed) while it is being delivered. ... For other uses, see MP3 (disambiguation). ... This article is in need of attention. ... For other uses, see AOL (disambiguation). ... For the web browser produced by this corporation, see Netscape (web browser). ... Windows Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer abbreviated MSIE), commonly abbreviated to IE, is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included as part of the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems starting in 1995. ... Windows XP is a line of operating systems developed by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, and media centers. ... Look up interface in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Usability is a term used to denote the ease with which people can employ a particular tool or other human-made object in order to achieve a particular goal. ... Jakob Nielsen useit. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for September, 2003. ... In computer science, runtime or run time describes the operation of a computer program, the duration of its execution, from beginning to termination (compare compile time). ... PDF is an abbreviation with several meanings: Portable Document Format Post-doctoral fellowship Probability density function There also is an electronic design automation company named PDF Solutions. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Adobe Flex is a collection of technologies released by Adobe Systems for the development and deployment of cross platform, rich Internet applications based on the proprietary Adobe Flash platform. ... Macromedia Breeze is software used with Microsoft PowerPoint to create powerful marketing, information and general presentations, learning modules and more. ... TrueMotion VP6 is a video codec developed by On2 Technologies as a successor to earlier efforts such as VP3 and VP5. ... For other uses, see Geometry (disambiguation). ... is the 337th day of the year (338th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article relates to both the original Classic Mac OS as well as Mac OS X, Apples more recent operating system. ... This article is about operating systems that use the Linux kernel. ... January 2007 is the first month of that year. ... Adobe Creative Suite is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made by Adobe Systems. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a general-purpose markup language. ... Vertex and pixel (or fragment) shaders are computer programs that run on a graphics card, executed once for every vertex or pixel in a specified 3D mesh. ...

Authoring tool

  • FutureSplash Animator (April 10, 1996): initial version of Flash with basic editing tools and a timeline
  • Macromedia Flash 1 (November 1996): a Macromedia re-branded version of the FutureSplash Animator
  • Macromedia Flash 2 (June 1997): Released with Flash Player 2, new features included: the object library
  • Macromedia Flash 3 (May 31, 1998): Released with Flash Player 3, new features included: the movieclip element, JavaScript plug-in integration, transparency and an external stand alone player
  • Macromedia Flash 4 (June 15, 1999): Released with Flash Player 4, new features included: internal variables, an input field, advanced ActionScript, and streaming MP3
  • Macromedia Flash 5 (August 24, 2000): Released with Flash Player 5, new features included: ActionScript 1.0 (based on ECMAScript, making it very similar to JavaScript in syntax), XML support, Smartclips (the precursor to components in Flash), HTML text formatting added for dynamic text
  • Macromedia Flash MX (ver 6) (March 15, 2002): Released with Flash Player 6, new features included: a video codec (Sorenson Spark), Unicode, v1 UI Components, compression, ActionScript vector drawing API
  • Macromedia Flash MX 2004 (ver 7) (September 9, 2003): Released with Flash Player 7, new features included: Actionscript 2.0 (which enabled an object-oriented programming model for Flash), behaviors, extensibility layer (JSAPI), alias text support, timeline effects
  • Macromedia Flash MX Professional 2004 (ver 7) (September 9, 2003): Released with Flash Player 7, new features included all Flash MX 2004 features plus: Screens (forms for non-linear state-based development and slides for organizing content in a linear slide format like PowerPoint), web services integration, video import wizard, Media Playback components (which encapsulate a complete MP3 and/or FLV player in a component that may be placed in an SWF), Data components (DataSet, XMLConnector, WebServicesConnector, XUpdateResolver, etc) and data binding APIs, the Project Panel, v2 UI components, and Transition class libraries.
  • Macromedia Flash Basic 8 (released on September 13, 2005): A less feature-rich version of the Flash authoring tool targeted at new users who only want to do basic drawing, animation and interactivity. Released with Flash Player 8, this version of the product has limited support for video and advanced graphical and animation effects.
  • Macromedia Flash Professional 8 (released on September 13, 2005): Released with the Flash Player 8, Flash Professional 8 added features focused on expressiveness, quality, video, and mobile authoring. New features included Filters and blend modes, easing control for animation, enhanced stroke properties (caps and joins), object-based drawing mode, run-time bitmap caching, FlashType advanced anti-aliasing for text, On2 VP6 advanced video codec, support for alpha transparency in video, a stand-alone encoder and advanced video importer, cue point support in FLV files, an advanced video playback component, and an interactive mobile device emulator.
  • Adobe Flash CS3 Professional (as version 9, released on April 16, 2007): Flash CS3 is the first version of Flash released under the Adobe name. CS3 features full support for ActionScript 3.0, allows things to be converted into ActionScript, adds better integration with other Adobe products such as Adobe Photoshop, and also provides better Vector drawing behavior, becoming more similar to Adobe Illustrator and Adobe Fireworks.

(*Adobe Flash 10 Astro - the new version of flash, will contain inverse kinematics (bones), c++ and 3d rotation.) is the 100th day of the year (101st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... 1996 is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Illustration of an application which may use libvorbisfile. ... is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... JavaScript is a scripting language most often used for client-side web development. ... Transparency is possible in a number of graphics file formats. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... In computer science and mathematics, a variable (pronounced ) (sometimes called an object or identifier in computer science) is a symbolic representation used to denote a quantity or expression. ... Streaming media is multimedia that is continuously received by, and normally displayed to, the end-user while it is being delivered by the provider. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a general-purpose markup language. ... HTML, an initialism of HyperText Markup Language, is the predominant markup language for web pages. ... is the 74th day of the year (75th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... A codec is a device or program capable of encoding and/or decoding a digital data stream or signal. ... The Unicode Standard, Version 5. ... In computer software, a widget engine is a software service available to users for running and displaying desktop widgets on the desktop. ... Source coding redirects here. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm that uses objects and their interactions to design applications and computer programs. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Power point redirects here. ... A web service is a collection of protocols and standards used for exchanging data between applications. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... On2 Technologies is the developer behind the VP5 and VP6 codecs powering the video part of the Chinese-developed competitor to DVD, the EVD (Enhanced Versatile Disc). ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Photoshop redirects here. ... Adobe Fireworks, known as FW for short, is a bitmap and vector graphics editor. ... Inverse kinematics is the process of determining the movement of interconnected segments of a body or model. ...


Future developments

Adobe Labs (previously Macromedia Labs) is a source for early looks at emerging products and technologies from Adobe-Macromedia, including downloads of the latest software and plugins. Flash 9, Flex 3, and ActionScript 3.0 are discussed on the labs.adobe.com website. Macromedia Flex is an umbrella term for a group of technologies initially released in March of 2004 by Macromedia to support the development and deployment of rich internet applications based on their proprietary Macromedia flash platform. ...


An important new development in Flash (as of 2007) is its increasing use in providing the presentation layer in handheld devices. Adobe is courting cell phone and PDA vendors, and partnering to deploy Flash Lite as the user interface. 2007 is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motorola T2288 mobile phone A mobile phone is a portable electronic device which behaves as a normal telephone whilst being able to move over a wide area (compare cordless phone which acts as a telephone only within a limited range). ... Look up PDA in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Adobe Flash Lite is a lightweight version of Adobe Flash Player optimized for mobile phones and other devices. ...


As of November 2007 Adobe Labs is developing the Adobe AIR Project[7] which is a cross-OS runtime that allows developers to reuse their existing web development skills (Flash, Flex, HTML, Ajax) to build and deploy desktop Rich Internet Applications (RIAs). November 2007 is the eleventh month of that year. ... Adobe Integrated Runtime (AIR), codenamed and originally named Apollo[1], is a cross-OS runtime environment for building Rich Internet Applications, using Flash, Flex, HTML, Ajax, that can be deployed as a desktop application. ... For the geographical term, see ria. ...


The next version of Flash will have two additional components designed for large scale implementation. Adobe is adding in the option to require an ad to be played in full before the main video piece is played. This would be most useful for large scale video sites. Also, Adobe has announced plans to add DRM into the new version of Flash. This way Adobe can give companies the option to link an advertisement with content and make sure that both are played and that they not be changed.[8]


Open Screen Project

On May 1, 2008 Adobe announced Open Screen Project,[9] which wants to drive rich Internet experiences and create a consistent application interface across all devices like personal computers, mobile devices or consumer electronics.[10][11] It is perceived that the main goal of the project is to bring Adobe Flash to mobile phones.[12] The project brings advantages to device makers - it abolishes licencing fees for Adobe Flash Player and Adobe Integrated Runtime, removes restrictions on the use of the Shockwave Flash (SWF) and Flash Video (FLV) file formats and publishes Application Programming Interfaces for porting Flash to new devices. It also publishes Flash Cast protocol and Action Message Format (AMF), which let Flash applications receive information from remote databases.[13] Some developers reported the actual licences missing from the project documentation, but Adobe stated to address the issue.[14] is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... A mobile device (also known as converged device, handheld device, handheld computer, Palmtop or simply handheld) is a pocket-sized computing device, typically comprising a small visual display screen for user output and a miniature keyboard or touch screen for user input. ... Consumer electronics is a term used to describe the category of electronic equipment intended for everyday use by people, the consumers. ... The Adobe Flash Player is a widely distributed multimedia and application player created and distributed by Macromedia (a division of Adobe Systems). ... For the vector animation platform, see Macromedia Shockwave. ... This article is about the proprietary file format . ... Flash Video is the name of a file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player (formerly known as Macromedia Flash Player) version 6, 7, 8, or 9. ... A file format is a particular way to encode information for storage in a computer file. ... API redirects here. ...


Programming language

Main article: ActionScript

Initially focused on animation, early versions of Flash content offered few interactivity features and thus had very limited scripting capability. ActionScript is a scripting language based on ECMAScript, used primarily for the development of websites and software using the Adobe Flash Player platform (in the form of SWF files embedded into Web pages). ...


More recent versions include ActionScript, an implementation of the ECMAScript standard which therefore has the same syntax as JavaScript, but in a different programming framework with a different associated set of class libraries. ActionScript is used to create almost all of the interactivity (buttons, text entry fields, drop down menus) seen in many Flash applications. ECMAScript is a scripting programming language, standardized by Ecma International in the ECMA-262 specification. ...


Flash MX 2004 introduced ActionScript 2.0, a scripting programming language more suited to the development of Flash applications. It is often possible to save a lot of time by scripting something rather than animating it, which usually also enables a higher level of editability. Scripting programming languages (commonly called scripting languages or script languages) are computer programming languages designed for scripting the operation of a computer. ...


Since The Arrival of the Flash Player 9 alpha a newer version of ActionScript has been released, ActionScript 3.0. ActionScript 3.0 is an object oriented programming language allowing for more control and code reusability when building complex Flash applications. ActionScript 3.0 has also allowed for formal software engineering methods to be implemented when working with Flash, this is because of the object oriented programming approach. Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a computer programming paradigm in which a software system is modeled as a set of objects that interact with each other. ...


Of late, the Flash libraries are being used with the XML capabilities of the browser to render rich content in the browser. This technology is known as Asynchronous Flash and XML, much like AJAX. This technology of Asynchronous Flash and XML has pushed for a more formal approach of this technology called Adobe Flex, which uses the Flash runtime to build Rich Internet Applications. AJAX redirects here. ... Adobe Flex is a collection of technologies released by Adobe Systems for the development and deployment of cross platform, rich Internet applications based on the proprietary Adobe Flash platform. ... Also known as RIA, Rich Internet Applications are the expected next iteration of software development. ...


This technology can be used in players like those on MySpace and YouTube, to provide protection for the content that the Flash calls, like MP3s and videos. The content called is streamed - or passes - through the Flash files, making downloading for storage a difficult task for most people. Programs such as Real Player Downloader and browser extensions like Firebug can trace the XML files. MySpace is a social networking website offering an interactive, user-submitted network of friends, personal profiles, blogs, groups, photos, music, and videos. ... YouTube is a popular video sharing website where users can upload, view and share video clips. ... Firebug 1. ...


Content protection

Often, Flash authors will decide that while they desire the advantages that Flash affords them in the areas of animation and interactivity, they do not wish to expose their images and/or code to the world. However, once an .swf file is saved locally, it may then quite easily be decompiled into its source code and assets. Some decompilers are capable of nearly full reconstruction of the original source file, down to the actual code that was used during creation.[citation needed] Decompilation is the process of translating an executable program into high level source code using a decompiler. ...


In opposition to the decompilers, SWF obfuscators have been introduced to provide a modicum of security, some produced by decompiler authors themselves. The higher-quality obfuscators use traps for the decompilers, making some fail, but none have definitively been shown to protect all content. Obfuscated code is source code that is (usually intentionally) very hard to read and understand. ...


Competition

Format and plug-in

Compared to other plug-ins such as Java, Acrobat Reader, QuickTime or Windows Media Player, the Flash Player has a small install size, quick download time, and fast initialization time. However, care must be taken to detect and embed the Flash Player in (X)HTML in a W3C compliant way. A simple and widely used workaround is provided below: A Java Virtual Machine (JVM) is a set of computer software programs and data structures which implements a specific virtual machine model. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... QuickTime is a multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc. ... Windows Media Player (WMP) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices. ... The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is a consortium that produces standards—recommendations, as they call them—for the World Wide Web. ...

 <object data="movie.swf" type="application/x-shockwave-flash" width="500" height="500"> <param name="movie" value="movie.swf" /> </object> 

More Information on how to detect and embed Flash Objects in a W3C compliant way is provided in the xSWF description.


The use of vector graphics combined with program code allows Flash files to be smaller, or streams to use less bandwidth, than the corresponding bitmaps or video clips. For content in a single format (such as just text, video or audio) other alternatives may provide better performance and consume less CPU power than the corresponding Flash movie, for example when using transparency or making large screen updates such as photographic or text fades. Bandwidth is the difference between the upper and lower cutoff frequencies of, for example, a filter, a communication channel, or a signal spectrum, and is typically measured in hertz. ... CPU redirects here. ...


In addition to a vector-rendering engine, the Flash Player includes a virtual machine called the ActionScript Virtual Machine (AVM) for scripting interactivity at run-time, support for video, MP3-based audio, and bitmap graphics. As of Flash Player 8, it offers two video codecs: On2 Technologies VP6 and Sorenson Spark, and run-time support for JPEG, Progressive JPEG, PNG, and GIF. In the next version, Flash is slated to use a just-in-time compiler for the ActionScript engine. The Sorenson codec (also known as Sorenson Video Codec 3 or SVQ3) is a digital video codec devised by the company Sorenson Media and used by Apples QuickTime and the newest version of Macromedia Flash, a special version called Sorenson Spark. ... JPG redirects here. ... PNG (Portable Network Graphics), sometimes pronounced as ping, is a relatively new bitmap image format that is becoming popular on the World Wide Web and elsewhere. ... GIF redirects here. ... For other uses, see Just In Time. ...


Market share

Flash as a format has become very widespread on the desktop market and created a market dominance. Adobe claims that 98 percent of US Web users and 99.3 percent of all Internet desktop users have the Flash Player installed,[15][16] with 45%–56%[17] (depending on region) having the latest version. Numbers vary depending on the detection scheme and research demographics. Market dominance is a measure of the strength of a brand, product, service, or firm, relative to competitive offerings. ...


The Adobe Flash Player exist for a variety of systems and devices: Windows, Mac OS 9/X, Linux (only 32 bit x86, sound may not work), Solaris, HP-UX, Pocket PC, OS/2, QNX, Symbian, Palm OS, BeOS, and IRIX). For compatibility with devices (embedded systems), see Macromedia Flash Lite. Sherlock 2 for Mac OS 9 with the new metallic appearance Mac OS 9 is the final major release of Apples Classic Mac OS. Introduced on October 23, 1999, Apple positioned it as The Best Internet Operating System Ever, highlighting Sherlock 2s Internet search capabilities, integration with Apple... Mac OS X (pronounced ) is a line of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Apple Inc. ... Intel Pentium 4 (Northwood version), one example out of a huge number of x86 implementations from Intel, AMD, and others. ... The Solaris Operating System, usually known simply as Solaris, is a free Unix-based operating system introduced by Sun Microsystems in 1992 as the successor to SunOS. Solaris is known for its scalability, especially on SPARC systems, as well for being the origin for many innovative features such as DTrace... HP-UX (Hewlett Packard UniX) is Hewlett-Packards proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on System V (initially System III). ... An O2 Pocket PC phone A Pocket PC, abbreviated P/PC or PPC, is a hardware specification for a handheld-sized computer (Personal digital assistant) that runs the Microsoft Windows Mobile operating system. ... OS/2 is a computer operating system, initially created by Microsoft and IBM, then later developed by IBM exclusively. ... QNX (pronounced either Q-N-X or Q-nix) is a commercial POSIX-compliant Unix-like real-time operating system, aimed primarily at the embedded systems market. ... Symbian OS is an operating system with associated libraries, user interface frameworks and reference implementations of common tools, produced by Symbian. ... Palm OS is an embedded operating system initially developed by U.S. Robotics owned Palm Computing, Inc. ... BeOS is an operating system for personal computers which began development by Be Inc. ... IRIX is a computer operating system developed by Silicon Graphics, Inc. ... Macromedia Flash Lite is a lightweight version of Macromedia Flash Player optimized for mobile phones and other devices. ...


Open standard alternatives

A full end-to-end implementation of the W3C SVG and SMIL specifications would offer close competition for most of the features of Flash 8 and earlier.[citation needed] Adobe used to develop and distribute the 'Adobe SVG Viewer' client plug-in for MS Internet Explorer, but has recently announced its discontinuation.[18] It has been noted by industry commentators that this is probably no coincidence at a time when Adobe has moved from competing with Macromedia's Flash, to owning the technology itself.[19] Meanwhile, Opera has supported SVG since version 8,[20] and Firefox's built-in support for SVG continues to grow.[21] Open source did take a shot at developing a complete replacement for Adobe Flash. This program was called UIRA. This project collapsed, however, in mid 2007, though people are now being called upon to revive/continue the project.[22] WWWC redirects here. ... SVG redirects here. ... SMIL (pronounced smile), the Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language, is a W3C recommended XML markup language for describing multimedia presentations. ... Opera is a web browser and Internet suite developed by the Norwegian Opera Software company. ... Firefox may refer to: Firefox (novel), written by Craig Thomas, published in 1978 Firefox (film), the 1982 movie starring Clint Eastwood, based on the novel Firefox (arcade game), the laserdisc arcade game based on the movie Mozilla Firefox, a web browser The Red Fox or the Red Panda, based on... UIRA was a project for a Linux alternative to the Adobe Flash IDE. UIRA intended to combine the resources and knowledge of the F4L project and the Qflash project, both of which were Open Source applications that provided (to some extent) an alternative to the proprietary Adobe Flash UIRA is...


In May, 2008 Adobe launch Open Screen Project which will remove restrictions on use of the SWF and FLV/F4V specifications. For other uses, see May (disambiguation). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...


Third-party implementation

Specifications

In October 1998, Macromedia disclosed the Flash Version 3 Specification to the world on its website. It did this in response to many new and often semi-open formats competing with SWF, such as Xara's Flare and Sharp's Extended Vector Animation formats. Several developers quickly created a C library for producing SWF. In February 1999, the company introduced MorphInk 99, the first third party program to create SWF files. Macromedia also hired Middlesoft to create a freely available developers' kit for the SWF file format versions 3 to 5. 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Xara Flare Open Vector File Format is a format that was introduced in 1997 by XARA to compete with the Macromedia Flash format. ... Extended Vector Animation (EVA) is a web-based vector graphic file format developed by Sharp Corporation in 1996. ... C is a general-purpose, block structured, procedural, imperative computer programming language developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories for use with the Unix operating system. ... A C library is a collection of libraries used in programming with the C programming language. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday Anno Domini (or the Current Era), and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... A software development kit (SDK) is typically a set of development tools that allows a software engineer to create applications for a certain software package, software framework, hardware platform, computer system, video game console, operating system or similar. ...


Macromedia made the Flash Files specifications for versions 6 and later available only under a non-disclosure agreement, but it is widely available from various sites. A non-disclosure agreement (NDA), also called a confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), confidentiality agreement or secrecy agreement, is a legal contract between at least two parties which outlines confidential materials or knowledge the parties wish to share with one another for certain purposes, but wish to restrict from generalized use. ...


In April 2006, the Flash SWF file format specification was released with details on the then newest version format (Flash 8). Although still lacking specific information on the incorporated video compression formats (On2, Sorenson Spark, etc.), this new documentation covered all the new features offered in Flash v8 including new ActionScript commands, expressive filter controls, and so on. The file format specification document is offered only to developers who agree to a license agreement that permits them to use the specifications only to develop programs that can export to the Flash file format. The license forbids the use of the specifications to create programs that can be used for playback of Flash files. The Flash 9 specification was made available under similar restrictions.[23] April 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Marcos Pontes, Brazils first astronaut, reaches the International Space Station. ...


Playback

Since Flash files do not depend on an open standard such as SVG, this reduces the incentive for non-commercial software to support the format,[citation needed] although there are several third party tools which use and generate the SWF file format. IrfanView is capable of playing SWF files. There is a large and vibrant open source community. Flash Player cannot ship as part of a pure open source, or completely free operating system, as its distribution is bound to the Macromedia Licensing Program and subject to approval. This article is about the proprietary file format . ... IrfanView is a freeware image viewer for Microsoft Windows that can view, edit, and convert image files and play video/audio formats. ... Macromedia Flash or Flash is a graphics animation program, written and marketed by Macromedia, that uses vector graphics. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... Free software is software that can be used, studied, and modified without restriction, and which can be copied and redistributed in modified or unmodified form either without restriction, or with minimal restrictions only to ensure that further recipients can also do these things. ...


There is, as of late 2007, no complete free software replacement which offers all the functionality of the latest version of Adobe Flash Player. Gnash, based on GameSWF, is a Flash player replacement that is under development and has the support of the Free Software Foundation - see High Priority Free Software Projects. Gnash supports Flash 7 and below, but not files that require version 8 or 9 features.[24] Swfdec is another open-source flash player available for Linux and FreeBSD and SWFOpener is a quite good program if functionality is needed. Gnash is a project which aims to create a player and browser plugin for the Adobe Flash file format which is free software, replacing the proprietary software niche currently occupied by Adobe Flash Player. ... GameSWF is a public domain software library that implements Adobe Flash specifically for use in computer games. ... The Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit corporation founded in October 1985 by Richard Stallman to support the free software movement (free as in freedom), and in particular the GNU project. ... Swfdec is a free/open source Macromedia Flash player. ... FreeBSD is a Unix-like free operating system descended from AT&T UNIX via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) branch through the 386BSD and 4. ...


Authoring

Open Source projects like Ajax Animator, and (the now defunct) UIRA aim to create a flash development environment, complete with a graphical user environment. Alternatively, programs such as swfmill, SWFTools, and MTASC provide tools to create SWF files, but do so by compiling text, actionscript or XML files into Flash animations. It is also possible to create SWF files programmatically using the Ming library, which has interfaces for C, PHP, C++, Perl, Python, and Ruby. haXe is an open source, high-level object-oriented programming language geared towards web-content creation that can compile Flash files. Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... UIRA was a project for a Linux alternative to the Adobe Flash IDE. UIRA intended to combine the resources and knowledge of the F4L project and the Qflash project, both of which were Open Source applications that provided (to some extent) an alternative to the proprietary Adobe Flash UIRA is... swfmill is a command line XML to SWF to XML processor using SWFML, an XML dialect closely modeled after the SWF format. ... SWFTools is a suite of software tools to create and manipulate SWF files. ... MTASC (Motion-Twin ActionScript 2 Compiler) is an open-source ActionScript 2. ... Simple animation in Flash MX; a square moving across the screen in a motion tween, one of the basic functions of Flash. ... Ming is an output library for Macromedia Flashs SWF format and a PHP module. ... C is a general-purpose, block structured, procedural, imperative computer programming language developed in 1972 by Dennis Ritchie at the Bell Telephone Laboratories for use with the Unix operating system. ... For other uses, see PHP (disambiguation). ... C++ (pronounced ) is a general-purpose programming language. ... For other uses, see Perl (disambiguation). ... Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. ... Ruby is a reflective, dynamic, object-oriented programming language. ... haXe is a general-purpose, high-level, reflective, object oriented programming language developed by Nicolas Cannasse. ...


Many shareware developers produced Flash creation tools and sold them for under US$50 between 2000 and 2002. In 2003 competition and the emergence of free Flash creation tools had driven many third-party Flash-creation tool-makers out of the market, allowing the remaining developers to raise their prices, although many of the products still cost less than US$100 and support ActionScript. As for open source tools, KToon can edit vectors and generate SWF, but its interface is very different from Macromedia's. Another, more recent example of a Flash creation tool is SWiSH Max made by an ex-employee of Macromedia. Toon Boom Technologies also sells traditional animation tool, based on Flash - Toon-Army. Look up shareware in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... KToon is a 2D Animation Toolkit designed by animators (Toonka Films ) for animators, focused to the Cartoon Industry. ... SWiSH Max is a program that utilises Macromedia Flash technology to create cross-platform compatible presentations. ... Toon Boom Technologies, Inc. ...


Other tools are focussed on creating specific types of Flash content. Anime Studio is a 2D animation software specialised for character animation which creates SWF files. Express Animator is similarly aimed specifically at animators. Question Writer publishes its quizzes to Flash file format. Anime Studio is a vector based 2D animation software for animators distributed by e frontier. ...


Users that are not programmers or web designers will also find on line tools that allows to build a full Flash-based web site. One of the oldest services available (1998) is FlashToGo. Such companies provide a wide variety of pre-built models (templates) associated to a Content Management System that empowers users to easily build, edit and publish their web sites.


Adobe wrote a software package called Adobe LiveMotion, designed to create interactive animation content and export it to a variety of formats, including SWF. LiveMotion went through two major releases, but failed to gain any notable user base. Adobe LiveMotion was a product created by Adobe Systems released in 2000 and perceived as a direct competitor to Macromedia Flash. ...


In February 2003, Macromedia purchased Presedia, which had developed a Flash authoring tool that automatically converted PowerPoint Files into Flash. Macromedia subsequently released the new product as Breeze, which included many new enhancements. Since that time, Macromedia has seen competing PowerPoint-to-Flash authoring tools from PointeCast (not to be confused with PointCast) and PresentationPro among others. In addition, (as of version 2) Apple's Keynote presentation software also allows users to create interactive presentations and export to SWF. 2003 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December A timeline of events in the news for February, 2003. ... PointCast Media is a leading pay per click search feed and keyword advertising company founded in 1996. ... Apple Inc. ... Keynote is a presentation software application made by Apple for its Mac OS X operating system. ...


Wikimedia projects and Flash

The Wikimedia Foundation has partnered with Kaltura to experiment with user-created Flash animation in a wiki environment.[25] For the wiki software used and developed by the Wikimedia Foundation, see MediaWiki. ... Wiki wiki redirects here. ...


Related file formats and extensions

Ext. Explanation
.swf .swf files are completed, compiled and published files that cannot be edited with Adobe Flash. However, many '.swf decompilers' do exist. Attempting to import .swf files using Flash allows it to retrieve some assets from the .swf, but not all.
.fla .fla files contain source material for the Flash application. Flash authoring software can edit FLA files and compile them into .swf files.
.as .as files contain ActionScript source code in simple source files. FLA files can also contain Actionscript code directly, but separate external .as files often emerge for structural reasons, or to expose the code to versioning applications. They sometimes use the extension .actionscript
.swd .swd files are temporary debugging files used during Flash development. Once finished developing a Flash project these files are not needed and can be removed.
.asc .asc files contain Server-Side ActionScript, which is used to develop efficient and flexible client-server Macromedia Flash Communication Server MX applications.
.flv .flv files are Flash video files, as created by Adobe Flash, ffmpeg, Sorenson Squeeze, or On2 Flix.
.f4v .f4v files are standard mp4 files that can be played back by Flash Player 9 Update 3 and above.[26]
.f4p .f4p files are mp4 files with digital rights management.[26]
.f4a .f4a files are mp4 files that contain only audio streams.[26]
.f4b .f4b files are mp4 audio book files.[26]
.swc .swc files are used for distributing components; they contain a compiled clip, the component's ActionScript class file, and other files that describe the component.
.jsfl .jsfl files are used to add functionality in the Flash Authoring environment; they contain Javascript code and access the Flash Javascript API.
.swt .swt files are 'templatized' forms of .swf files, used by Macromedia Generator
.flp .flp files are XML files used to reference all the document files contained in a Flash Project. Flash Projects allow the user to group multiple, related files together to assist in Flash project organization, compilation and build.
.spl .spl files are FutureSplash documents.
.aso .aso files are cache files used during Flash development, containing compiled ActionScript byte code. An ASO file is recreated when a change in its corresponding class files is detected. Occasionally the Flash IDE does not recognize that a recompile is necessary, and these cache files must be deleted manually. They are located in %USERPROFILE%Local SettingsApplication DataMacromediaFlash8enConfigurationClassesaso on Win32 / Flash8.
.lmv These files are created by the freeware program called liveswif.They are used to save the animation in an editable file , but can also be converted into an .swf file to produce online content for the web. This file has nothing to do with adobe flash Fla file , with the only similarity being that they both hold editable data that can be converted into a swf file.

This article is about the proprietary file format . ... ActionScript is an ECMAScript-based programming language used for controlling Macromedia Flash movies and applications. ... Source code (commonly just source or code) is any series of statements written in some human-readable computer programming language. ... FLV (Flash Video) is a proprietary file format used to deliver video over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player (formerly known as Macromedia Flash Player) version 6, 7, 8, or 9. ... FFmpeg is a collection of software libraries that can record, convert and stream digital audio and video in numerous formats. ... Video Compression: Sorenson Squeeze Software During the 1990s, the increasing popularity of the Internet as a means to stream video fueled the markets need for reliable video compression tools. ... On2 Flix is a family of Flash video encoding applications for Microsoft Windows and Mac OS. On2 Technologies acquired Flix from Wildform, Inc. ... For other parts of the MPEG-4 standard, see MPEG-4. ... Digital rights management (DRM) is an umbrella term that refers to access control technologies used by publishers and copyright holders to limit usage of digital media or devices. ... Cassette recording of Patrick OBrians The Mauritius Command An audio book is a recording of the contents of a book read aloud. ... FutureSplash was a small software company whose first product, smart sketch, allowed the creation of vector graphics. ...

Video in web pages

Flash is increasingly used as a way to display video clips on web pages, a feature available since Flash Player version 6. The key to this success has been the player's wide distribution in multiple browsers and operating systems, rather than any superior video quality or properties. It is available for many popular platforms, including Windows, Mac OS X and Linux. Flash is used as the basis for many popular video sites, including YouTube and Google Video. One major flaw with multimedia embedded through Flash, however, is the considerable performance penalty placed on playback hardware as compared with a purpose built multimedia playback system. Many files that drop frames and skip audio when embedded within Flash play without any issues using other multimedia formats on the same hardware. Google Video logo Google Video is a free video sharing and video search engine service from Google that allows anyone to upload video clips to Googles web servers as well as make their own media available free of charge; some videos are also offered for sale through the Google...


Flash Video (.flv files) is a container format, meaning that it is not a video format in itself, but can contain other formats. The video in Flash is encoded in H.263, and starting with Flash player 8, it may alternatively be encoded in VP6. The audio is in MP3. The use of VP6 is common in many companies, because of the large adoption rates of Flash Player 8 and Flash Player 9.[17] A container format is a computer file format that can contain various types of data, compressed by means of standardized codecs. ... H.263 is a video codec designed by the ITU-T as a low-bitrate encoding solution for videoconferencing. ...


On August 20, 2007, Adobe announced on its blog that with Update 3 of the Flash Player, Flash Video will also support the MPEG-4 international standard.[27] Specifically, Flash Player will have support for video compressed in H.264 (MPEG-4 Part 10), audio compressed using AAC (MPEG-4 Part 3), the MP4, M4V, M4A, 3GP and MOV multimedia container formats (MPEG-4 Part 14), 3GPP Timed Text specification (MPEG-4 Part 17) which is a standardized subtitle format and partial parsing support for the 'ilst' atom which is the ID3 equivalent iTunes uses to store metadata. Adobe also announced that they will be gradually moving away from the proprietary FLV format to the standard MP4 format owing to functional limits with the FLV structure when streaming H.264. The final release of the Flash Player supporting MPEG-4 had become available in Fall 2007.[28] is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... MPEG-4 is a collection of methods defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data. ... H.264 is a high compression digital video codec standard written by the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group (VCEG) together with the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) as the product of a collective partnership effort known as the Joint Video Team (JVT). ... Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a standardized, lossy compression and encoding scheme for digital audio. ... MP4 can refer to: MPEG-4 Part 14 file format Møller-Plesset perturbation theory of the fourth order This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... 3GP is a multimedia container format defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for use on 3G mobile phones. ... MOV may refer to MOV (x86 instruction) Metal oxide varistor (an electronic component) .mov (QuickTimes file format) The Mid-Ohio Valley Motor Operated Valve Measurable Organizational Value This page concerning a three-letter acronym or abbreviation is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... A container format is a computer file format that can contain various types of data, compressed by means of standardized codecs. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Timed Text refers to the presentation of text media in synchrony with other media, such as audio and video. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the iTunes application. ... Metadata is data about data. ...


Criticisms

Main article: Criticism of Adobe Flash

Criticism of Adobe Flash have included questions of its usability, the problems Flash-laden pages cause for those with disabilities, security issues, limited platform compatibility, performance and compatibility issues on certain platforms, the inability for search engines to index data contained in Flash binary data, its use as a means to restrict access to content and the implementation of DRM. Digital rights management (DRM) is an umbrella term that refers to access control technologies used by publishers and copyright holders to limit usage of digital media or devices. ...


See also

OpenLaszlo is an open source platform for the development and delivery of web applications with a usable human interface (sometimes called rich Internet applications) on the World Wide Web. ... Newgrounds is a website headquartered in Glenside, Pennsylvania, USA and created in 1995 that primarily hosts Adobe Flash animated films and games. ...

References

  1. ^ Adobe Labs - Downloads: Flash Player 9 Update
  2. ^ Waldron, Rick (2006-08-27). The Flash History. Flashmagazine. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  3. ^ Gay, Jonathan. The History of Flash. Adobe.
  4. ^ Adobe Completes Acquisition of Macromedia. Adobe Systems (2005-12-05). Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  5. ^ Adobe Delivers Flash Player 9 for Linux. Adobe Systems (2007-01-17). Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  6. ^ Adobe Flash Player 10 beta. Adobe Systems (2008-05-15). Retrieved on 2008-05-15.
  7. ^ AIR:Developer FAQ - Adobe Labs
  8. ^ Adobe unveils Flash video control. BBC News. BBC (2007-04-16). Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  9. ^ Open Screen Project
  10. ^ Adobe and Industry Leaders Establish Open Screen Project
  11. ^ Adobe Establishes Open Screen Project for Flash, AIR
  12. ^ ARM welcomes Adobe's mobile Flash move
  13. ^ Adobe frees Flash for devices
  14. ^ How Open Is Adobe`s Open Screen Project?
  15. ^ 98%: NPD study
  16. ^ 99.3%: Millward Brown survey, conducted June 2007. Flash Player Statistics. Adobe Systems. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  17. ^ a b Adobe Flash Player Version Penetration. Adobe Systems. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  18. ^ Adobe to Discontinue Adobe SVG Viewer. Adobe Systems. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  19. ^ Adobe, ‘Rich Internet Applications’ and Standards. Webstandards.org (2006-12-27). Retrieved on 2008-03-03.
  20. ^ Opera. Svg wiki. Svg.org (2006-12-27). Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  21. ^ Quint, Antoine (2006-07-13). First Firefox 2.0 Beta Released. Svg.org. Retrieved on 2007-06-18.
  22. ^ UIRA, Unifreeze. unfreeze.net (2008-04-20). Retrieved on 2008-04-21.
  23. ^ Adobe File Format Specification FAQ. Adobe Systems. Retrieved on 2007-11-15.
  24. ^ Rob Savoye, Ann Barcomb (June 2007). Gnash Manual version 0.4.0. Free Software Foundation. Retrieved on 2007-08-15.
  25. ^ http://wikimediafoundation.org/wiki/Wikipedia_Invites_Users_to_Take_Part_in_Open,_Collaborative_Video_Experiment
  26. ^ a b c d New File Extensions and MIME Types
  27. ^ What just happened to video on the web. Adobe.
  28. ^ Adobe Press release on MPEG-4 support in Flash Player 9

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 239th day of the year (240th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 339th day of the year (340th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 17th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article refers to the news department of the British Broadcasting Corporation, for the BBC News Channel see BBC News (TV channel). ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The NPD Group, Inc. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 62nd day of the year (63rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 110th day of the year (111th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 319th day of the year (320th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... This article is about the day of the year. ...

External links

Adobe Creative Suite is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe After Effects is a digital motion graphics and compositing software published by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Contribute (formerly Macromedia Contribute), currently in its fourth version, is a software application for editing the content of a website. ... Dreamweaver redirects here. ... Adobe Encore (previously Adobe Encore DVD) is a DVD authoring software tool produced by Adobe Systems and targeted at semi-professional video producers. ... Adobe Fireworks, known as FW for short, is a bitmap and vector graphics editor. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Adobe InCopy is a professional word processing software made by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe InDesign is a desktop publishing (DTP) application produced by Adobe Systems. ... Photoshop redirects here. ... Adobe Premiere Pro, is a real-time, timeline based video editing software application. ... Adobe Soundbooth is a digital audio editor by Adobe Systems for Mac OS X and Windows XP. Adobe has described it as being in the spirit of Sound Edit 16 and Cool Edit 2000. Due to Intel-specific code, Adobe has stated that the Macintosh version will only be available... Adobe Acrobat Connect, formerly Macromedia Breeze, is software used with Microsoft PowerPoint to create information and general presentations, online training materials, web conferencing, and learning modules. ... Adobe Bridge is an organizational program created and released by Adobe Systems as a part of the Adobe Creative Suite 2 (CS2) in May, 2005. ... Adobe Device Central is a software program created and released by Adobe Systems as a part of the Adobe Creative Suite 3 (CS3) in March 2007. ... Adobe OnLocation (formerly Serious Magic DV Rack) is a direct-to-disk recording and monitoring software. ... Adobe Ultra is a vector keying application, distributed as a component of the Adobe Creative Suite CS3. ... Adobe Version Cue CS2 is a computer program Adobe Systems supplies. ... Adobe Audition (formerly Cool Edit Pro) is a digital audio editor computer program from Adobe Systems featuring both a multitrack, non-destructive mix/edit environment and a destructive-approach waveform editing view. ... GoLive is a HTML editor from Adobe Systems. ... Adobe ImageReady was a Bitmap graphics editor shipped with Adobe Photoshop by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... Adobe Creative Suite is a collection of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications made by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Technical Communication Suite is a collection of applications made by Adobe Systems for technical communicators, help authors, instructional designers, and eLearning and training design professionals. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Audition (formerly Cool Edit Pro) is a digital audio editor computer program from Adobe Systems featuring both a multitrack, non-destructive mix/edit environment and a destructive-approach waveform editing view. ... Adobe Digital Editions is a Ebook reader from Adobe Systems built using Adobe Flash. ... GoLive is a HTML editor from Adobe Systems. ... PageMaker was the first desktop publishing program, introduced in 1985 by Aldus Corporation, initially for the Apple Macintosh but soon after also for the PC. It relies on Adobe Systems PostScript page description language. ... Adobe Photoshop Lightroom is a photography software program developed by Adobe Systems for Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows, designed to assist professional photographers in managing thousands of digital images and doing post production work. ... A list of Adobe Systems products. ... ColdFusion is an application server and software development framework used for the development of computer software in general, and dynamic web sites in particular. ... Adobe LiveCycle is a suite of mostly server-based software products from Adobe Systems Incorporated centred around its PDF (Portable Document Format) technology. ... Flash Media Server ( previously named Flash Communication Server ) is an enterprise-grade data and media server from Adobe Systems Inc. ... JRun is an Macromedias J2EE application server. ... Adobe Premiere Express is an digital video editing software tool for nonlinear video editing, published by Adobe Systems. ... For the literary term, see Postscript. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... Macromedia FlashPaper 2 is a software application supplied by Macromedia. ... Macromedia Authorware (now part of Adobe Systems) is an interpreted, flowchart based, graphical programming language. ... Adobe Font Folio is a collection of over 2300 OpenType fonts. ... In digital photography, the Digital Negative (DNG) file format is an ostensibly royalty free raw image format designed by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Flex is a collection of technologies released by Adobe Systems for the development and deployment of cross platform, rich Internet applications based on the proprietary Adobe Flash platform. ... Adobe Solutions Network (ASN) is the official name of the end-user training, developer, and print service providers authorized by Adobe Systems, Inc. ... Chairman of the Board redirects here. ... Charles Geschke Charles M. Chuck Geschke (b. ... John Warnock (b. ... Bruce R. Chizen is the chief executive officer of Adobe Systems, based in San Jose, California. ... Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

 
 

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