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Encyclopedia > Adobe Acrobat
Adobe Acrobat

Adobe Acrobat Professional 8.0 running on Windows XP
Developer: Adobe Systems
Latest release: 8.1.0 / 2007-06-06
OS: Cross-platform
Genre: PDF viewer and writer
License: Adobe EULA
Website: http://www.adobe.com/acrobat

Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. These applications use Adobe's Portable Document Format (PDF) as their native file format. Some software in the family is commercial, and some free of charge. Adobe Reader (formerly called Acrobat Reader) is available as a no-charge download from Adobe's web site, and allows the viewing and printing of PDF files. Acrobat and Reader are major components of the Adobe Engagement Platform, and are widely used as a way to present information with a fixed layout similar to a paper publication. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... This work is copyrighted. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (964x678, 338 KB) Screenshot of Adobe Acrobat 8 Professional This is a screenshot of copyrighted computer software for Microsoft Windows, and the copyright for it is most likely held by the author(s) or the company that created the software. ... Software development is the translation of a user need or marketing goal into a software product. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... A software release is the distribution, whether public or private, of an initial or new and upgraded version of a computer software product. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... // An operating system (OS) is the software that manages the sharing of the resources of a computer. ... A cross-platform (or platform independent) programming language, software application or hardware device works on more than one system platform (e. ... Computer software can be organized into categories based on common function, type, or field of use. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... A software license is a legal agreement which may take the form of a proprietary or gratuitous license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software. ... A software license is a type of proprietary or gratiuitious license as well as a memorandum of contract between a producer and a user of computer software — sometimes called an End User License Agreement (EULA) — that specifies the perimeters of the permission granted by the owner to the... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Adobe Systems (pronounced a-DOE-bee IPA: ) (NASDAQ: ADBE) (LSE: ABS) is an American computer software company headquartered in San Jose, California, USA. Adobe was founded in December 1982[1] by John Warnock and Charles Geschke, who established the company after leaving Xerox PARC in order to develop and sell... “PDF” redirects here. ... A file format is a particular way to encode information for storage in a computer file. ... In 2006, Adobe Systems bought Macromedia. ...


The Adobe Acrobat products are coded in the C++ programming language[1]. Source code (commonly just source or code) is any series of statements written in some human-readable computer programming language. ... C++ (pronounced see plus plus, IPA: ) is a general-purpose programming language with high-level and low-level capabilities. ... A programming language is an artificial language that can be used to control the behavior of a machine, particularly a computer. ...

Contents

History

Since the early 1990s, the Acrobat product had several competitors who each used their own document formats, such as: For the band, see 1990s (band). ...

By the late 1990s PDF had become the de facto standard, and the others had become largely historical footnotes. This in turn has led to many more competitors for Adobe Acrobat, both free and commercial. In computing, Envoy was a portable document file format marketed by WordPerfect Corporation, created as a competitor to Adobe Systems Portable Document Format (PDF). ... WordPerfect is a proprietary word processing application. ... The Microsoft Reader is a Microsoft program for reading of ebooks. ... Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... Founded in 1981, Interleaf was a company that produced a technical publishing software product with the same name. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without...


Today, there are a host of third-party programs that create or manipulate PDF, such as Ghostscript, Foxit, and Nitro PDF. Adobe also allows Acrobat plug-ins to be developed by third parties, which can add extra functions within the Acrobat program. Ghostscript is a suite of software based on an interpreter for Adobe Systems PostScript and Portable Document Format (PDF) page description languages. ... Foxit reader is a freely available PDF reader for Microsoft Windows and other systems. ... Nitro PDF screenshot Nitro PDF is commercial software for creating and editing portable document format (PDF) files. ...


Product names

Adobe has changed the names of the products in the Acrobat family regularly, also splitting products up, joining them together, or discontinuing members. This causes much confusion, not only about what product to obtain, but even about what product people have. Between version 3 and 5, Standard and Professional versions were one product simply called Adobe Acrobat.


As of April 2007, the current main members of the Adobe Acrobat family are

Adobe Reader 8 icon
Adobe Reader 8 icon
  • Adobe Reader 8 (previously Adobe Acrobat Reader)
  • Adobe Acrobat 8 Standard
  • Adobe Acrobat 8 Professional
  • Adobe Acrobat 8 Elements (withdrawn before release)
  • Adobe Acrobat 3D Version 8
  • A growing collection of server and specialist products

Adobe has never created a product called either Adobe Writer or Acrobat Writer, although these names seem a natural opposite to the Reader product. To add more confusion, Acrobat used to include a printer driver called PDFWriter, which is unrelated. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A virtual printer is a piece of computer software whose user interface and API resemble that of a printer driver, but which is not connected with a physical computer printer. ...


Product history

Acrobat Reader 1.0 for Macintosh was originally released 15 June 1993, later for DOS and Windows 3.1. This was not available in single copies and was not initially free. After a while the IRS purchased a right to distribute Reader 1.0, effectively making it seem free to those who obtained it that way. . The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) is the United States government agency that collects taxes and enforces the tax laws. ...

  • PDF version 1.0 supported.
  • Acrobat Exchange 1.0 (included PDFWriter printer driver and Acrobat Exchange application).
  • Acrobat Distiller 1.0. Created a PDF from PostScript (no printer driver at this stage).

Acrobat Reader 2.0 for Windows and Macintosh was released September 1994. Now free.

  • PDF version 1.1 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat Exchange 2.0, package as 1.0.
  • Acrobat Professional 2.0, which included the contents of Acrobat Exchange, plus Distiller.
  • There were 2.1 updates.
  • Acrobat Catalog was introduced, using Verity, Inc. technology to create searchable indexes to PDF files. Searching required a special version of Acrobat Reader, not free, or Acrobat Exchange.

Acrobat Reader 3.0 was released 1996. The first to display PDF files in-browser, and the first to support form filling.

  • PDF version 1.2 (and prior) supported.
  • A free Reader to allow searching was made available, but was not part of the default download.
  • Acrobat 3.0 – replaced Acrobat Professional 2.1. Included Acrobat Catalog, and a Distiller printer driver.
  • Updates to 3.01 and 3.02; 3.02 introduced extended forms capabilities and JavaScript.
  • First release with support for Windows 95 and later. Last release with support for Windows 3.1.

Acrobat Reader 4.0 was released April 1999.

  • PDF version 1.3 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat 4.0.
  • Updates to 4.05.
  • Introduced Distiller Server 4.0, identical to the regular Distiller but with a multi-user license (Windows, Linux, Solaris).
  • Acrobat Business Tools 4.0 – a limited version of Acrobat.

Acrobat Reader 5.0 was released May 2001.

  • PDF version 1.4 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat 5.0. PDFWriter removed from Macintosh application[2]
  • Updates to 5.0.5. Acrobat 5.0.5 was the first to be able to run native in Mac OS X, but also ran in Mac OS 9.
  • Distiller Server 5.0.
  • Acrobat Approval 5.0 – a limited version of Acrobat, mainly sold to people who wanted to digitally sign or save fill in forms.
  • Acrobat Reader 5.1 – supported the Adobe LiveCycle Reader Extensions (e.g. forms saving) (which was then under a different name).

Adobe Reader 6.0 was released April 2003. No Linux or Unix versions were released.

  • PDF version 1.5 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat Professional 6.0 – replacement for Acrobat 5.0, with new features. Distiller printer driver renamed Adobe PDF. PDFWriter now gone for good. New version of Catalog integrated and not compatible with earlier products for searching.
  • Acrobat Standard 6.0 – limited version of Acrobat Professional, including Distiller but lacking features including Catalog, form design, prepress support.
  • Updates to 6.0.1, 6.0.2, 6.0.3, 6.0.4, 6.0.5 and 6.0.6
  • Dropped support for Windows 95 and Windows 98 First Edition. Acrobat Professional was Windows NT, 2000, XP only. Dropped support for Mac OS 9 and earlier. First release for Mac OS X.
  • Distiller Server 6.0.
  • Acrobat Elements 6.0 – PDF creation only, aimed at the corporate market (minimum 1000 licenses, Windows only)
  • Acrobat Elements Server 6.0 – client/server version of Acrobat Elements
  • Technology for "Reader enabling", allowing Reader to save, sign or annotate PDF files if the licensee had enabled the files.

Adobe Reader 7.0 was released January 2005.[3] Image File history File links Acrobat_Distiller_7. ... Image File history File links Adobepdfreader7_icon. ...

  • Updates to 7.0.1, 7.0.2, 7.0.3, 7.0.5, 7.0.7, 7.0.8 and 7.0.9.
  • PDF version 1.6 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat Professional 7.0 – now includes Adobe LiveCycle Designer 7.0 (Windows only) for XML form design (different and incompatible with previous form support) – Ability to embed 3D object information from the .u3d Universal 3D format. First version to include controversial mandatory product activation.
  • Acrobat Standard 7.0
  • Acrobat Elements 7.0 (now minimum 100 licenses)
  • Acrobat 3D (Windows only) – includes all of the functionality of Acrobat Professional 7.0 as well as updated support for embedded 3D, tools for capturing 3D content from OpenGL applications, and the Adobe Acrobat 3D Toolkit for converting CAD documents to PDF objects. Also included is a version of the capture tool for installation on Unix.
  • Windows NT 4.0, 2000, XP, Mac OS X only for Acrobat. Although Linux, Solaris (SPARC only), HP-UX and AIX versions of Adobe Reader have been released.
  • Other LiveCycle products include LiveCycle Barcoded Forms, LiveCycle Document Security, LiveCycle Reader Extensions (previously Document Server for Reader Extensions and other names), LiveCycle Forms (previously Form Server), LiveCycle Form Manager, LiveCycle Policy Server and LiveCycle Workflow. Some of these are server solutions intended for large businesses. Only LiveCycle Designer is bundled with Acrobat Professional.
Adobe Reader 8 running on Windows Vista
Adobe Reader 8 running on Windows Vista

Adobe Reader 8.0 was released November 2006.[4] Adobe LiveCycle Designer is a forms authoring tool published by Adobe Systems. ... Universal 3D (U3D) is a file format for 3D data. ... Product activation is a license validation procedure required by some proprietary computer software programs. ... The Adobe LiveCycle Reader Extensions is a software that runs on a server that users can use to enable some features, most importantly saving forms, in Acrobat Reader 5. ... Download high resolution version (967x740, 116 KB)Screenshot of Adobe Acrobat Reader 7 running on Debian GNU/Linux. ... Download high resolution version (967x740, 116 KB)Screenshot of Adobe Acrobat Reader 7 running on Debian GNU/Linux. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ...

  • PDF version 1.7 (and prior) supported.
  • Acrobat 8 Elements (was due for release mid-2007, now withdrawn before release) [5]
  • Acrobat 8 Standard (Windows only; Macintosh version not produced)
  • Acrobat 8 Professional
  • Acrobat 3D Version 8 (released May 31)
  • Acrobat Connect (new in Acrobat family, formerly Macromedia Breeze) – online personal meeting rooms to collaborate in real time for up to 15 participants.
  • Acrobat Connect Professional (new in Acrobat family, formerly Macromedia Breeze) – Scalable, interactive web conferencing and multiple personal meeting rooms for everyone across an enterprise.
  • Mac OS X versions are Universal binary and only run on Mac OS X 10.4.
  • On June 2007, an update version 8.1 for Acrobat 8 Professional and Adobe Reader 8 was released in order to support Microsoft Office 2007, Windows Vista, and 64-bit Windows Operating Systems.[6]1

Macromedia Breeze is software used with Microsoft PowerPoint to create powerful marketing, information and general presentations, learning modules and more. ... Macromedia Breeze is software used with Microsoft PowerPoint to create powerful marketing, information and general presentations, learning modules and more. ... Universal Binary Logo A Universal binary is — in Apple Computers parlance — an application bundle that runs natively on both PowerPC- and x86 (Intel)-based Macintosh computers. ... The 2007 Microsoft Office system (also called Microsoft Office 2007) is the most recent version of Microsofts productivity suite. ... Windows Vista is a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ...

Criticisms

From Version 3.02 onwards, Acrobat Reader (now Adobe Reader) has included support for JavaScript. This functionality allows the document creator to include code which executes when the document is read. While JavaScript is designed without direct access to the file system to make it "safe", vulnerabilities have been reported for abuses such as distributing malicious code through Acrobat.[7] On September 13, 2006, David Kierznowski provided sample PDF files illustrating these vulnerabilities. In the most current version of Reader, JavaScript can be disabled using the preferences menu and embedded URLs that are launched are intercepted by a security warning dialog box to either allow or block the website from launching.[8] It has been suggested that Client-side JavaScript be merged into this article or section. ... is the 256th day of the year (257th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


There have been a number of people who consider the software to be too slow to load and use,[9] so they have developed work around solutions to speed up the software.[10] The application has been improved by Adobe as the latest version of the software does load quicker; Adobe claims that Adobe Reader 7 users can "Open and save PDF files faster than ever" as version 7.0 launches "up to 50% faster than version 6.0".[11] This works by installing a QuickStart program which runs every time the computer is turned on, and which loads parts of Reader into memory. This can sometimes improve the loading speed of Reader, but also uses up valuable memory resources on the computer and causes longer start-up times. A typical install size is 96MB. QuickStart is a loading method used by several different software applications, designed to speed up the loading time of their software. ...


Many have also noted poor behavior in the Internet Explorer and Mozilla Firefox Acrobat plug-ins. The plug-ins do not support full asynchronous loading, thus causing browsers to appear to "lock up" until the document has been fully downloaded. To make matters worse, they apparently also fail to terminate when a document is closed, thereby leaving behind various CPU-intensive application threads that run until the next reboot.[12]


Adobe has also refused to support past versions (version prior to version 8 - their latest) under Windows Vista.[citation needed] Anyone switching to Windows Vista must either sacrifice using Adobe PDF tools, or pay an upgrade fee to version 8 to be able to continue using Adobe products.


There is currently no official option to stop Reader 8 from calling home. Furthermore, the "Updates" Preference in Reader 8 has been moved from "Edit | Preferences" to a much less obvious location. It can be found at "Help | Check for updates | Preferences", where one can chose "Automatic" or "Ask me before downloading", and "Weekly" or "Monthly". Note that "Adobe Reader 8" can be unchecked for "Applications to Update", however that will not stop it from checking for updates; instead it will respond "No updates available" even if updates are available.


See also

This list of PDF software includes links to articles on computer software used to manage PDF documents. ...

References

Bjarne Stroustrup Bjarne Stroustrup (IPA: ) (born December 30, 1950 in Aarhus, Denmark) is a computer scientist and the College of Engineering Chair Professor of Computer Science at Texas A&M University. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... LWN.net is a computing news site with an emphasis on Free/Libre/Open-Source Software and software for Unix-like operating systems. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... eWeek:the Enterprise Newsweekly is a weekly magazine published by Ziff Davis Media, featuring editorials, reviews, labs and rumors. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st Century. ... is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
BetaNews | Adobe Acrobat 8 Adds Conferencing (1110 words)
Acrobat 8 will also provide export functionality so content can be reused in other applications, Adobe said.
Adobe should be able to add whatever features they think people in *FIVE* years would want.
Not to mention Adobe Reader 7.0 used more RAM than version 6.0 did, and although it did increase performance marginally, it had to "prefetch" and waste a buttload of RAM at startup in order to do it, resulting in less available RAM for other Windows applications.
Adobe Acrobat. (315 words)
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