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Encyclopedia > Admiral (United Kingdom)

Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, outranked only by the rank Admiral of the Fleet. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Royal Navy Insignia Admiral of the Fleet is a rank of the British Royal Navy and many other navies, the equivalent of Fleet Admiral in the United States Navy. ...


King Edward I of England appointed the first English Admiral in 1297 when he named William de Leyburn "Admiral of the sea of the King of England". The rank of Admiral should not be confused with the office of Admiral of England or Lord High Admiral, which was an office held by the person with overall responsibility for the Navy. King Edward I of England (June 17, 1239 – July 7, 1307), popularly known as Longshanks because of his 6 foot 2 inch frame and the Hammer of the Scots (his tombstone, in Latin, read, Hic est Edwardvs Primus Scottorum Malleus, Here lies Edward I, Hammer of the Scots), achieved... Events 8 January - Monaco gains independence. ... Old Admiralty House, Whitehall, London, Thomas Ripley, architect, 1723-26, was not admired by his contemporaries and earned him some scathing couplets from Alexander Pope The Admiralty was historically the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ...


The Royal Navy has had Vice and Rear Admirals since at least the 16th century. When in command of the fleet, the Admiral would either be in the lead or the middle portion of the fleet. When the Admiral commanded from the middle portion of the fleet his deputy, the Vice Admiral, would be in the leading portion or van. Below him was another admiral at the rear of the fleet, called Rear Admiral. The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ...


In Elizabethan times the fleet grew large enough to be organized into squadrons. The admiral's squadron wore a red ensign, the vice admiral's white, and the rear admiral's blue. As the squadrons grew, each was eventually commanded by an Admiral (with Vice Admirals and Rear Admirals commanding sections) and the official titles became Admiral of the White, etc. The Elizabethan Era is the period associated with the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (1558 - 1603) and is often considered to be a golden age in English history. ... An ensign is a distinguishing token, emblem, badge, or flag such as a symbol of office. ...


The squadrons ranked in order Red, White and Blue, and admirals ranked according to their squadron:

  1. Admiral of the Fleet
  2. Admiral of the White
  3. Admiral of the Blue
  4. Vice Admiral of the Red
  5. Vice Admiral of the White
  6. Vice Admiral of the Blue
  7. Rear Admiral of the Red
  8. Rear Admiral of the White
  9. Rear Admiral of the Blue

Promotion up the ladder was in accordance with seniority in the rank of Post-Captain, and rank was held for life, so the only way to get promoted was for the person above you on the list to die or resign. Lord Nelson when he died was only Vice Admiral of the White. Another way was to promote unsuccessful captains to the rank of admiral without distinction of squadron (a practice known as yellowing – the unfortunate became known as a yellow admiral). Royal Navy Insignia Admiral of the Fleet is a rank of the British Royal Navy and many other navies, the equivalent of Fleet Admiral in the United States Navy. ... For the Patrick OBrian novel, see Post Captain (novel). ... Lord Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (September 29, 1758 – October 21, 1805) was a British admiral who won fame as a leading naval commander. ...


In the 18th century, the original nine ranks began to be filled by more than one person per rank, although the rank of Admiral of the Red was always filled by only one person and was known as Admiral of the Fleet, but the organisation of the fleet into coloured squadrons was abandoned in 1864. The Red Ensign was allocated to the Merchant Marine, the White Ensign became the flag of the Royal Navy, and the Blue Ensign was allocated to the naval reserve and naval auxiliary vessels. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... 1864 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... The modern Blue Ensign of the United Kingdom English Blue Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century. ...


The 19th century British Navy also maintained a positional rank known as Port Admiral. A Port Admiral was typically a veteran Captain who served as a the shore commander of a British Naval Port and was in charge of supplying, refitting, and maintaining the ships docked at harbor. The most powerful Port Admiral position was the Port Admiral of Portsmouth, considered the leading harbour of the Royal Navy. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Port Admiral was a positional rank, now apparently defunct, in the British Royal Navy. ... This article is about the English city of Portsmouth. ...


The current ranks are Rear Admiral, Vice Admiral, Admiral and Admiral of the Fleet, also known as flag ranks because admirals, known as Flag Officers, are entitled to fly a personal flag. An Admiral of the Fleet flies a Union Jack at the masthead, while an Admiral flies a St George's cross (red cross on white). Vice Admirals and Rear Admirals fly a St George's cross differenced with one and two red discs in the hoist respectively. Flags are particularly important at sea, where they can mean the difference between life and death, and consequently where the rules and regulations for the flying of flags are strictly enforced. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag or Union Jack is the flag most commonly associated with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and was also used throughout the former British Empire. ... St Georges cross The St Georges cross, a red cross on a white background, is the national flag of England and was adopted for the uniform of English soldiers during the military expeditions by European powers to recapture the Holy Land from Muslims (Crusades of the 11th, 12th...


In 1996, the rank of Admiral of the Fleet was put in abeyance in peacetime, except for members of the Royal family. However, Admirals of the Fleet continue to hold their rank on the active list for life. 1996 (MCMXCVI) is a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... A royal family is the extended family of a monarch. ...


See also: British ensigns The White Ensign. ...


External link: Squadronal Colours factsheet from the Royal Naval museum

British officer ranks Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... In military organizations, a commissioned officer is a member of the service who derives authority directly from a sovereign power, and as such holds a commission from that power. ...

  Student Officer OF(D) OF-1 OF-2 OF-3 OF-4 OF-5 OF-6 OF-7 OF-8 OF-9 OF-10
Royal Navy: OCdt Mid SLt Lt Lt Cdr Cdr Capt Cdre RAdm VAdm Adm Admiral of the Fleet
Royal Marines: OCdt 2Lt -

Lt The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the senior service of the British armed services, being the oldest of its three branches. ... Officer Cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. ... For the fishes called midshipman, see Midshipman fish In the navies of English-speaking countries, a midshipman is a subordinate officer, or a commissioned officer of the lowest rank. ... A Lieutenant, Junior Grade, is a division officer in the United States Navy. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ... In the Royal Navy, United States Navy and United States Coast Guard, a lieutenant commander (lieutenant-commander or Lt Cdr in the RN) is a commissioned officer superior to a lieutenant and inferior to a commander. ... Insignia of a United States Navy Commander Commander is a military rank used in many navies but not generally in armies or air forces. ... Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... The military rank of Commodore is used in some navies for officers whose position exceeds that of a Captain, but is less than that of a flag officer. ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... Vice Admiral is a naval rank of three star level, equivalent to Lieutenant General in seniority. ... Admiral is a word from the Arabic term Amir-al-bahr (Lord of the bay). ... Royal Navy Insignia Admiral of the Fleet is a rank of the British Royal Navy and many other navies, the equivalent of Fleet Admiral in the United States Navy. ... The Corps of Royal Marines, usually just known as the Royal Marines (RM), are the United Kingdoms amphibious forces and a core component of the countrys Rapid Deployment Force. ... Officer Cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ...

Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen
Army: OCdt 2Lt -

Lt Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... Major is a military rank. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... It has been suggested that polkovnik be merged into this article or section. ... Brigadier is a rank in the British Army, Royal Marines, Australian Army, New Zealand Army, and several other armies, ranking above Colonel and immediately below Major-General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Officer Cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. ... Second Lieutenant is the lowest commissioned rank in many armed forces. ... A Lieutenant is a military, paramilitary or police officer. ...

Capt Maj Lt Col Col Brig Maj Gen Lt Gen Gen Field Marshal
Royal Air Force: OCdt PO -

FO Captain is both a nautical term and a military rank. ... Major is a military rank. ... In the U.S. Army, Air Force and Marine Corps, a lieutenant colonel is a commissioned officer superior to a major and inferior to a colonel. ... It has been suggested that polkovnik be merged into this article or section. ... Brigadier is a rank in the British Army, Royal Marines, Australian Army, New Zealand Army, and several other armies, ranking above Colonel and immediately below Major-General. ... Insignia of a United States Air Force Major General German Generalmajor Insignia Major General is a military rank used in many countries. ... Lieutenant General is a military rank used in many countries. ... General is a high military rank, used by nearly every country in the world. ... Field Marshal is the highest military rank of the United Kingdom, equivalent to a General of the Army in other countries. ... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Officer Cadet is a rank held by military cadets during their training to become commissioned officers. ... A Pilot Officers sleeve/shoulder insignia Pilot Officer is the lowest commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries, ranking only above Acting Pilot Officer (or APO) and Officer Cadet. ... A Flying Officers sleeve/shoulder insignia Flying Officer is a junior commissioned rank in the Royal Air Force and the air forces of many other Commonwealth countries. ...

Flt Lt Sqn Ldr Wg Cdr Gp Capt ACdre AVM AM ACM MRAF

  Results from FactBites:
 
Admiralty (846 words)
(officially the Admiralty Board) is a division of the United Kingdom Ministry of Defence overseeing the affairs of the Royal Navy.
The Admiralty Board replaced the Board of Admiralty (officially the Lords Commissioners for Exercising the Office of Lord High Admiral of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, etc.) when the functions of that office were incorporated into the Ministry of Defence in 1964.
Control of the Navy was passed to and from the board and the Lord High Admiral a number of times until 1709 when the powers of the Lord High Admiral were finally vested in the Board of Admiralty.
Vice Admiral - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (179 words)
In the United States Navy, Vice Admirals generally command the numbered fleets around the world that make up the naval components of each of the regional unified commands.
A Vice Admiral is typically senior to a Rear Admiral and junior to an Admiral.
In the Royal Navy the rank of Vice Admiral should be distinguished from the office of Vice-Admiral of the United Kingdom, which is an Admiralty position usually held by a retired full Admiral.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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