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Encyclopedia > Adenosine diphosphate
Adenosine diphosphate
Chemical name Adenosine 5'-(trihydrogen diphosphate)
Chemical formula C10H15N5O10P2
Molecular mass 427.20 g/mol
CAS number 58-64-0
SMILES O[C@H]1[C@H]([C@H](N2C3=C
(N=C2)C(N)=NC=N3)O[C@@H]
1COP(O)(OP(O)(O)=O)=O)O
Chemical structure of deprotonated ADP

Adenosine diphosphate, abbreviated ADP, is a nucleotide. It is an ester of pyrophosphoric acid with the nucleoside adenine. ADP consists of the pyrophosphate group, the pentose sugar ribose, and the nucleobase adenine. IUPAC nomenclature is a systematic way of naming organic chemical compounds as recommended by the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). ... A chemical formula (also called molecular formula) is a concise way of expressing information about the atoms that constitute a particular chemical compound. ... The molecular mass of a substance (less accurately called molecular weight and abbreviated as MW) is the mass of one molecule of that substance, relative to the unified atomic mass unit u (equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12). ... CAS registry numbers are unique numerical identifiers for chemical compounds, polymers, biological sequences, mixtures and alloys. ... The simplified molecular input line entry specification or SMILES is a specification for unambiguously describing the structure of chemical molecules using short ASCII alpha-numeric strings. ... Download high resolution version (3118x2067, 17 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... A nucleotide is a monomer or the structural unit of nucleotide chains forming nucleic acids as RNA and DNA. A nucleotide consists of a heterocyclic nucleobase, a pentose sugar, and a phosphate or polyphosphate group. ... In organic chemistry and biochemistry esters are substances where an organic group replaces a hydrogen atom (or more than one) in an oxygen acid. ... Pyrophosphoric acid, also known under the name diphosphoric acid, is a syrupy liquid or a needle-like crystaline solid. ... Nucleosides are glycosylamines made by attaching a nucleobase to a ribose ring. ... Adenine is one of the two purine nucleobases used in forming nucleotides of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. In DNA, adenine (A) binds to thymine (T) to assist in stabilizing the nucleic acid structures. ... In chemistry, pyrophosphate, or PPi is an anion observed in living systems, usually formed by the hydrolysis of ATP into AMP. The hydrolysis is called pyrophosphorolysis. ... In ecology functional groups are collections of organisms based on morphological, physiological, behavioral, biochemical, or environmental responses or on trophic criteria. ... A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms. ... A sugar is a carbohydrate which is sweet to taste. ... Ribose Ribose is a five carbon sugar (pentose) that is critical to living creatures. ... Nucleobases are the parts of RNA and DNA that are involved in pairing up (see also base pairs). ... Adenine is one of the two purine nucleobases used in forming nucleotides of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA. In DNA, adenine (A) binds to thymine (T) to assist in stabilizing the nucleic acid structures. ...


ADP is the product of ATP dephosphorylation by ATPases. ADP is converted back to ATP by ATP synthases. ATP is an important energy tranfer molecule in cells. Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the molecular currency of intracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells. ... The process of removing phosphate groups from an organic compound (as ATP) by hydrolysis ... ATPases are a class of enzymes that catalyze the decomposition of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and a free phosphate ion. ... An ATP synthase (EC 3. ... Cells in culture, stained for keratin The cell is the structural and functional unit of all living organisms. ...


See also

Nucleic acids edit
Nucleobases: Adenine - Thymine - Uracil - Guanine - Cytosine - Purine - Pyrimidine
Nucleosides: Adenosine - Thymidine - Uridine - Guanosine - Cytidine - Deoxyadenosine - Deoxythymidine - Deoxyuridine - Deoxyguanosine - Deoxycytidine - Ribose - Deoxyribose
Nucleotides: AMP - TMP - UMP - GMP - CMP - ADP - TDP - UDP - GDP - CDP - ATP - TTP - UTP - GTP - CTP - cAMP - cGMP
Deoxynucleotides: dAMP - dTMP - dUMP - dGMP - dCMP - dADP - dTDP - dUDP - dGDP - dCDP - dATP - dTTP - dUTP - dGTP - dCTP
Nucleic acids: DNA - RNA - LNA - PNA - mRNA - ncRNA - miRNA - rRNA - shRNA - siRNA - tRNA - mtDNA - Oligonucleotide

  Results from FactBites:
 
Adenosine triphosphate - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (565 words)
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the "molecular currency" of intracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells.
Also, the hydrolysis yields free inorganic phosphate and adenosine diphosphate, which can be broken down further to another phosphate ion and adenosine monophosphate.
ATP can also be broken down to adenosine monophosphate directly, with the formation of pyrophosphate.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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