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Encyclopedia > Adelantado

Adelantado was a Governor-like military office held by the Spanish Conquistadores of the 16th and 17th centuries. The men that held this post were usually granted the government of the regions they were sent to in exchange of doing the initial explorations, settlements and pacification of the target area on behalf of the Crown. The term comes from por adelantado (Spanish: in advance, translations stating one who goes before and/or the forward man are also found). A governor is also a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... Conquistador (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who brought much of the Americas under Spanish rule between the 15th and 17th centuries. ...

Adelantados represented the Kings of Castile, and from the reign of Ferdinand III until well into the 17th century they also held administrative powers over specific provinces and districts. Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, Adelantado de Las Indias under King Philip II was perhaps the ablest and best remembered of these officials. A monarch is a type of ruler or head of state, whose titles and ascent are often inherited, not earned, and who represents a larger monarchical system which has established rules and customs regarding succession, duties, and powers. ... A former kingdom of Spain, Castile comprises the two regions of Old Castile in north-western Spain, and New Castile in the centre of the country. ... Ferdinand III, the Saint, (1198/1199 - May 30, 1252) was a king of Castile (1217 - 1252) and Leon (1230 - 1252). ... Don Pedro Menendez de Aviles Pedro Menendez de Aviles (born 1519 in Avilés, Spain, died in Santander on September 17, 1574), was the first Spanish governor of Florida. ... Philip II of Spain (Spanish: Felipe II) - (May 21, 1526 – September 13, 1598), the first King of Spain understood as the whole peninsula of Hispania (r. ...

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Positions And Description (702 words)
Typically, the Governor ruled a Precidencia or a Captaincy-General, or some portion of it.
This position is very much like that of the Governador, except that the Adelantado ruled over areas that were may have been settled; but, it was not pacified and the area was in a state of alert and prepared for hostilities.
An Adelantado was always the governor of the area, and may have been a Captain-General.
NPS Source Book: History of Castillo de San Marcos and Fort Matanzas (1046 words)
The Adelantado realized that this must be Juan Ribao, land and sea commander of the Lutherans, who was named viceroy of this land by the king of France, and presently he departed with 150 soldiers in good order, and at midnight bivouacked where he had the first time.
The Adelantado replied that it mattered nothing to him whether all, or part, or none of them surrendered; they should do whatever might be best for them, since they were free to do so.
He told the Adelantado that about 150 of the 350 men there would like to throw themselves on his mercy; but that the others had withdrawn that night, and asked that the boat be sent for those who wanted to surrender, and for their arms.
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