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Encyclopedia > Adelaide Concerto

The Adélaïde Concerto is the nickname of a Violin Concerto in D Major attributed to Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and given the catalog number K. Anh. 294a in the third edition of the standard Köchel catalogue of Mozart's works. ("Anh." denotes "Anhang" or "appendix" to the catalog.) Unknown until the 20th century, this concerto was later discovered to be a spurious work by Marius Casadesus, and so was given a new number in the sixth edition of Köchel, K. Anh. C 14.05. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (For a list organized by genre, see List_of_compositions_by_Wolfgang_Amadeus_Mozart) The Köchel-Verzeichnis is a complete, chronological catalogue of compositions by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart which was originally created by Ludwig von Köchel. ... The term concerto usually refers to a musical work in which one solo instrument is contrasted with an orchestra. ...

The concerto has three movements:

  1. Allegro
  2. Adagio
  3. Allegro

First published in 1933 in a version for violin and piano, the concerto was said by Casadesus, the "editor," to have been arranged from a manuscript by the ten-year-old Mozart, with a title page containing a dedication to Madame Adélaïde de France, eldest daughter of King Louis XV. Conveniently enough, this alleged manuscript was never accessible to later researchers such as Alfred Einstein and Friedrich Blume, but Casadesus described it, according to Blume, as "an autograph manuscript in two staves, of which the upper stave carries the solo part (including 'tuttis'...) and the lower carries the bass." In what was surely a nose-tweak as those fooled by this imposture, Casadesus also reported (according to Blume) that "The upper stave is notated in D, the lower in E"! Despite the lack of provenance, Blume was thoroughly taken in by the concerto, although Einstein professed himself skeptical. 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... A violin The violin is a bowed stringed musical instrument that has four strings tuned a perfect fifth apart. ... A baby grand piano, with the lid up. ... Dedication (Lat. ... Louis XV (February 15, 1710 – May 10, 1774), the Beloved (French: le Bien-Aimé), was King of France from 1715 until his death. ... Alfred Einstein (December 30, 1880–February 13, 1952), was a German-American musicologist and music editor. ... Provenance is the origin or source from which anything comes. ...

Many others expressed similar doubts, but only in 1977 during a copyright dispute did Casadesus admit his authorship of this alleged "Mozart" work. For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...

The "Adélaïde Concerto" is sometimes erroneously credited to Marius' brother Henri Casadesus, perhaps because of many other spurious musical pieces he and other members of the Casadesus family penned in the names of Johann Christian Bach, George Frideric Handel, and other composers. Henri Casadesus (September 30, 1879 – May 31, 1947) was a violist and music publisher who founded the Society of Ancient Instruments with Camille Saint Saens in 1901. ... Johann Christian Bach, painted in London by Thomas Gainsborough, 1776 ( Museo Civico, Bologna) Johann Christian Bach (September 5, 1735 – January 1, 1782) was a composer of the Classical era. ... George Frideric Handel, 1733 George Frideric Handel (February 23, 1685 – April 14, 1759) was a German/British Baroque composer who was a leading composer of concerti grossi, operas and oratorios. ...


  • Biography of Marius Casadesus (source of information about copyright dispute above).
  • Friedrich Blume, "The Concertos: (1) Their Sources," in H.C. Robbins Landon and Donald Mitchell, eds., The Mozart Companion, NY: Norton, 1956, p. 220ff. ISBN 0-393-00499-6. (Source of other details on concerto. Published before Casadesus' revelation of his authorship.)
  • Stanley Sadie, The New Grove Mozart (NY: Norton, 1983), p. 206. ISBN 0-393-30084-6. (Source of catalogue numbers.)
  • Mozart: The Violin Concertos, Vol. 3. Mela Tenenbaum, violin; Czech Philharmonic Chamber Orchestra conducted by Richard Kapp. ESSAY Recordings, catalogue number CD-1072. (Source of information on tempos of movements.)



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